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A Tf triable Plague of Mice with Extraordinary Appetites. Science. In the colony of Lourenoo, Brazil, ini the months of May and June, 187(1 mice suddenly appeared in enormous numbers. They invaded the grain fields in such large numbers that the corn seemed Li terally alive with them, destroying in a few days everything that was edible; and where, but. a short time before, bushels of grain might have been harvested, not an ear remained, and the noise produced by their nibbling and climbing was audible for a considerable distance. After the corn-fields were devastated the potatoes next received their attention. Only the largest were eaten in the ground: such as were transportable were carried away and hidden in hollow D ees or other retreats for future use. Gourds and pumpkins, even the hardest were gnawed through and eaten. Of green food, such as clover, ~ats, barley, not a leaf was left standing; even weeds were cut down and the inner parts eater, out. Iu the house the struggle for existence of these long-tailed invaders was truly amazing. In many of the dwellings hun dreds were killed in a single day. The cats could contribute but little and in fighting such a plague, for not only were many of the rats so larg.* (hat it would have been an unequal contest, but by their great number they drove the cats actually from the houses, not to return until the plague was passed. Nothing except what is composed of iron, stone or glass was spared from their distruefiveness. Fur niture. hats, cloths, books everything— bon- the traces of their teeth. They gnawed the hoofs of the cows and horses in the stable, literally ate up the fat hogs and often bit away me hair of persons during sleep. They penetrated all apart ments and gnawed their way through boards and walls of houses. Ditches that wen dug about graineries did not suflice; the mice would crawl over each other and thus reach the top. The foregoing accounts of the occur rence iu Lourence will suffice to show to what an extent the plague reached. The same province had suffered similarly in 1843 and 18(53, and in all probability will again in 187;. Similar plagues, though far less in extent, have occurred in Europe in which the field mice unac countably appear in greatly increased numbers. One may well think what would he the result where these little, al most insignificant creatures everywhere iu such wise to take the ascendancy. When one considers that an average of every one or two months from five to eight young are born, and that these young be comes mature in u few months them selves, he will be surprised to know that a single pair of common field mice in the ourse of n single summer would increase to 23,000 rodents. Could all the condi tions which now keep them in check tie removed every living thing on earth would bo consumed in half a dozen years. THK SEVEN WO.VHKIiS OF NEW YOKE What the Uetro|mlis Has to Show in the Way of Great Achievements. New York Commercial AUverlisT. A friend from a distance who intends to make a flying visit to this city’ and wishes to make the best us of his limited time writes to ask what are the great “sights” of New York. “Will you,” he writes, “clothe yourself with the discrimi nating judgment of a Philo of Byzantium and name the seven wonders of New York . - The seven Wonders of the ancient world, according to this writer, were the pyramids, the hanging gardens at Baby lon, the temple of Diana at Ephesus, the statue of Jupiter at Athens, the mauso leum, the Colossus at Rhodes, and the I’haros of Alexander. Now what are the corresponding wonders of New York?” It would be easy to make fun of this application, but treated seriously it opens an interesting field of inquiry. What might bo named a the seven most re markable nchievents of mind over matter that this city can show ' We put this query to a number of a number of citi zens, and the lists they returned will make a basis tor a tentative one of our own se lection. upon which we invite the criti cism of our readers, in order that our friend from the provinces may get the benefit of every point of view. Oho list is as follows: Thu Brooklyn bridge, the aqueduct, statue of Liberty, the elevated railroads, any large office building, including the elevator system fourteen-story flats, the Central depot anil pproachcs. Another list reads; Brook lyn bridge, statue of Liberty, artificial channel at Hell gate, produc-excango building, Casino theater, St. Patrick’s cathedral, John 1.. Sulivan. A third is; Brooklyn bridge elevated railroads, statue of Liberty, High bridge. Grant’s tomb, subtreasury vaults, St. Patrick’s cathedral. And a fourth makes these selections: Broklyn bridge, Vanderbilt viaduct, Navarro flats, statue of Liberty, the elevated railroads, Central park, Coney island. I t will be seen that all opinions concur J ii. putting the Brooklyn bridge and the statue of Liberty along the seven won bi s. Three of the four include in the i'i Ihe elevated cathedral, a represeuta tive apartment-honse of the sky-scraping pattern and the railroad engineering work of the Vanderbilt roads from the Harlem river to the Grand Central depot - worthy to be classed in the list. By : "hiding High bridge under the general ■ < llation of the aqueduct two of the irors would agree also to include that great work in the schedule of wonders. 1 here remain a number of works that ire well worthy of consideration, though named by only a single juror. Grant's lonili, for instance, possesses a human merest which is unique. Whatever may the architectural display at the spot ts chief interest to visitors will consist n the patriotic associations which center 'here. The tomb is properly included ■ n any list of scenes in and about New York which an American visitor should Then there is the sub-treasury building ’ ’ * impressive in architecture, hut won lerful as a national treasure-house. Here 'lie visitor may be found in any building n u the continent, if not in the world, and greater, prabably than any similar collec tion of antiquity. This fact certainly in vest the-treasury with a peculiar interest. Another suggestive selection is Central park, end Coney island is still another. Much that is wonderful is expressed by each of these titles. The Hell gate im provements are truly remarkable. Our birge office-buildings are also amazing. nd they are an absolute novelty in the world, Solomon to the contrary notwith standing. And then the glimpse at mod ern business afforded by a visit to the v 'dace or the stock exchange is fairly '' be ranked among the greatest if o:e --!':i olitjan marvels. The beauvtf 1 t asi.io ’' • ater i- a gem in its way. and lew would dispute the claims of Mr. John L.Sullivan : premipence in his line if "uynody does dispute those claims, that is the man, a? we understand it. that Mr. John L. Sullivan is looking for. Now. out of these lists wo venture to suggest, under correction, that the seven wounders of New York are-. The Brook lyn bridge, the statue of Liberty, the elevated railroad system, the great flats Central park, the Vanderbilt viaduct, and the subtreasnry vaults. But, as we have said, we are willing to hear criticism on this selection. A FASHIONABLE FOLLY. Long-Handled Eye-Glasses and the Undines . Who Huy and I'se Them Philadelphia Times. “Will you kindly let rne see some of yoar tortoise shell lorgnets?” languidly inquired a fashionably-dressed young lady the other day as she stood before the counter in a leading optician’s store on Chestnut street and looked the clerk stead ily in the eye. “lieg pardon; do you mean opera-glass es or eye-glasses?” asked the clerk. ■•Eye-glasses.” Thereupon the clerk produced a large box. in which was an assortment of the most absurd specimens of the optician’s handiwork ever sold for failing eyesight. They were “lorgnet eye-glasses,” so called because, like the ordinary operj or field glasses, they have to be continually held to the eye while in use. The eye-glass part is shaped like a pair of spectacles, except that instead of two hows to go back over the ears there is a long handle to be held in the hand. Ultra fashionable people have de cided that these are the proper things, and in consequence spectacles, double eye glasses, and even the single eye-glass or “quiz,” having been rele gated to the use of the vulgar herd. The young lady mentioned bought one of the "lorgnets,” and went out of the store af ter paying a $lO bill for her purchase. “Do you sell many of these things?” was asked of the optician. “Quantities,” he answered, “and the sale of them is constantly increasing. The ‘lorgnets’were introduced from Eng land about two years ago, but it is only lately that there has been anything of a fashionable craze for them. They are the most ridiculous thing in the way of eye-glasses I ever saw. They I are clumsy, and one has to hold them up | to the eyes whenever they are used, which becomes quite tiresome in time. I sell them to young ladies mostly, although their mothers buy them too. They hold them to their eyes with a Lady Clara Vere ; I)e Vere air and try to look haughty and well bred. My observation is that only women with very shallow brain-pans use j lorgnets. Many order plain glasses in them and extra long handles. The longer | the handle the more stunning the | effect and the shallower the brain. Lorg i nets are worth from $3 to sl4 each. They 1 are made of tortoise-shell, zylonito, and | vulcanite, although I have seen extra fine ! ones of mother-of pearl. Some are gold mounted, and cost s.'lo to SSO. They are mostly for evening use, and are displayed | at the theatres or wherever there are peo : pie to look at them. At home tka lorg : net-users are glad enough to wear specie j cles or eye glasses, which further goes to i prove that the new-fangled arrangement j is only another of Dame Fashion’s freaks. Haw ii Woman Carried Her I’oint. Atlanta Constitution: Thu drink ques tion has been settled for some time to tcome in the town of Stockton, Utah. A short time ago the saloons and drug stores of Stockton were notified by a woman that they must stop selling liquor to her husband. No attention was paid to this and the dealers continued to sell as usual. Having tried mild methods and failed, the drunkard's wife de termined to give (he community practical prohibition at one fell swoop, as it were. Asa starter she smashed all the saloon windows, and, in the words of a local chronicler, “raised thunder generally/’ lint this ws- not enough. It occurred to this earnest reformer that the way to suppress the liquor traffic was to squelch it, wipe it out, extirpate it. So that night she set fire to two saloons and a drug store. The flame spread rapidly and in a few hours the entire busiaess part of the town was in ashes. With a little more wind the dwellings would have gone also. It cannot ho denied that the Stockton wom an carried her point, temporarily at least. Like many other zealous reformers, how ever. she is under the ban of public opin ion. and her angry fellow townsmen threaten to hang her to a telephone post as soon as they can find her. This state of affairs renders it impossible for her to remain and enjoy the fruits of tier vic tory. The best thing for her to do is to come east and lecture. A New Precious Stone. A now precious stone has lately been brought to the notice of jewellers and the public in discoveries made by Mr. Wil liam Earl Hidden in Alexander county, North Carolina. The stone resemble* in many respects the emerald, being of nearly the same color, but is denser and more brilliant. It is named the hiddeu ite by the late Dr. J. Lawrence Smith, of Louisville, Ky., who was first to recognize its true chemical nature. This new stone is found in close connec tion with the emerald, but does not, like tlre latter, belong to the bervi family. The story of its discovery as told by Mr. Hidden, is interesting. While carrying on a search for platinum through the southern states, under the patronage of Thomas A Edison, he came across, in Alexander county, a few pieces of bronz* which in their edges -bowed a tinge of color which verged distinctly on that of the emerald. Being an expert minerolo gist ho came to the conclusion that a region which could produce bronze haV ing a slight tint of the true emerald, color ought to furnish the pure emerald itself. A vein was subsequently found at a depth of ! eight feet below the surfao, in which he not only found the true emerald, hut with it many slender crystals having emerald color, but differing from that gem in nearly every other respect. It was to those slender crystals that the name of hiddenite was applied. It is to day the rarest among the precious stones, and has not yet been discovered in any other place. The largest one found thus far was three inches long, weighed | one-half ounce, and was cut up into gems valued at more than ft,ooo. Besides the hiddenite and the emerald | these mines prod ice numerous specimens Inf aquamarines, yellow spodumene. cit rine and smoky topaz, ratine garnets and peculiarly beautiful quartz crystal. From the same mine next to the larg est emerald in the world wn- quarried. The largest is owned by the duke of Devonshire, and weighs but two penny weights more than the one in question, 1 which is hexagonal in form, is 3 inches long, l 'j thick from face to face, and : weighs s ounces. It value in the pres 1 ent uncut state is about $1,500. WOMEN AMI THEIR WORK. New Industries Opened Up for the Exercise et Their Talents nut Tastes. London Qeaen. Among the new industries which r.rt training has opened up are the beautiful decorative pottery, porcelain, and glass now being produced on so many sides, on which hundreds of wcmen are employed. 1 At a recent meeting of one of the prinoi- i pal female schools of art in London it was i suggested that women were specially suit ed for the delicate work of medal making | and gem engraving which has been little practiced in late years. Certainly the etching on glass, and the exquisite cameo glass produced by the art-trained st udents at Stronrbridgo, would lead us to imagine that there was no sort of engraving or cutting which could not be successfully attempted by women; and we may hope that this new opening may in a short time become ns flourishing as those which have preceded it. Embroidery is essentially a woman’s sphere, although in ancient times it was practiced by men and even to-day in Belgium the professional embroiderers | are There is something, how ever, to the modern mind out of place in the idea of a man handling a needle for decorative purposes, and it is most cer tainly not a trade which he can exercise i I I better than woman. The Belgian work, more beautiful than any other perhaps as reguards manipula tion. is. however, extremely mechanical, and is devoid of the artistic mirit of the less finely finished work of England and America, ft is easy to understand that this should he so when we know that each man excels in someone stitch, which he carries to the greatest possible perfection but he is quite content to work ns a mere machine, exercising no thought, nothing but the mechanical dexterity to which he has been trained. Each separate part of the embroidery is given to a different hand to do; thus each part is perfect and the whole is reduced to a dead level of ex cellence of a kind it may be- while it is deprived of nil the individuality and in terest of true art work. This is quite a different process from that by which Eastern nations work. It is true that special modes of work are practiced only in certain districts or per haps even certain families, but each worker is an artist, and as a rule they have less to guide them, and more is left to individual cleverness than among our selves. A Japanese worker has no guide what ever but his own taste, which lias become an instinct; and he may bo seen plotting oat his coloring, working little bits of ever so many different flowers or birds to got at the right balancing of his shades. The Indian embroiderers who have been brought to this country have not been of the same class and have only produced the very mechanical gold and silver or beetle-wing work; but it is evident from the examination of the best Persian and Indian work that it is quite as much the result of the artistic individuality as any of the Japanese. With the sound artistic training which women are now getting, all the work which is done should bo of a higher class. In some of the best colleges it is good to sec that each student is made to learn draw ing before she is allowed to embroider; and there is no doubt that she ought in all cases bo able to drsw. or she will never understand, as she ought, how to keep her lines and curves perfect or how to mass her light and shade. When embroidery was first revived in England as an art, soma fourteen years ago, the difficulties were great, workers I had to be trained, materials manufactur ! ed; in short, clever women had to edu cate themselves from the study, and of ten the unpicking, of old specimens. It was much that the manual dexterity was gained, and along with it a certain amount of artists effect. Much however, remains to be done; and amongst the number of new schools and societies springing up some certainly surpass the older ones by the very strength which they gain from the better art culture possible to their students, and from the advan tages which are to be ht.d from the study of beautiful examples of Eastern em broidery which are now finding their way wesl ward. There is talk of reviving the lace in dustries in England, m the -me way that embroidery has been revived by means of the better educated workers, who would bring more cultivated taste to the task. It needs, however, to be learned young, and a school of lace making to be success ful should begin by training girls of 1C at latest. For real lace of a high-class and of good design there is always a demand, and, with our increased artistic know ledge, it should ho possible to introduce a lace that should draw by the beauty of its general effect, an) its design, without depending exclusively on its extreme fineness of thr jad. At one time lace-making was the favorite pastime of our great ladies, ami it might easily become so again if it were possible to obtain the needful instruction. The reason of its failure some years ago when it was brought in as fancy work was that it was but imitation after all, done with cotton instead of linen thread, and with machine-made tape. If revived as an art it must he taken in hand in the same spirit a other decora tive wor has been revived. It must sur pass all that has been known before, and with the increased facility of art training now within reach of all, and with the necessity for women’s work being a seri ous item, which is daily increasing in all the older countries, there should be no diffibnlty in finding workers who would make the start. There is something ex tremely fascinating about the making of pillow lace, and it is so durable, and in every respect so superior to the machine made imitations, that these are no more to he feared than the embroidery ma chines. which do not in the slightest de gree injure hand embroidery, wonderful ns the work is which they produce. Women as Homesteaders. A dispatch from Washington says; In the Cass of Maria Good, nee \\ il cox, if. Kirwin, Kan., on an appeal from the decision of the Commissioner of the General hand (iflice, following is Her retary Lamar’s decision in full: To the Commissioner of the Generali Land l Iflice Hparks. Sir; I have considered the appeal of Maria Good nee Wilcox, from your de ! cision dated July If, lHßf>, holding for j cancellation her homestead entry No. ir>, 552. Said entiy, it appears, was made Sept. 28, 18*ii, and covers the northeast I i|uarter. section 22, township 3 south range 23 west, Kirwin Kan. Nov. 7 1885. claimant made a final i proof before the Clerk of of the District i Court, which proof w- on the 11th of the j same mouth rejected by local office “be -1 cause of insufficient residence." From that action appeal was taken to your of fice. Your decision sets out (he follow iug facts as showing by the records iu the case to wit: That claimant was a native horn citi zen of the Tnite.l Stater., and woman over 21 years old at the date of entry, soon after which she married, that tier hus hand whs a mechanic an 1 worked in Nor ton, three miles distant: that claimant's statement.' are that she stayed in Norton during the had weather in winter, aside from which she resided continuously on the laud: that the testimony of her wit nesses makes it appear that she stayed in Norton winters ami on the homestead summers: that she wr.s never absent for more than three months at a time; that she never moved her household goods from the land, and that the improve mentr, which are valued at ifGOO, consist of a house, a well, a wind-mill, sheds, an orchard of 128 trees, and fifteen acres under cultivation. Without passing upon the question of residence further than to say that "the testimony as t > residence is not very clear, except that it was es tablished in November, 188(1." your de cision proceeds to rule (he case upon the fact of (ho marriage of appellant after having made herentry. On this question yon hold that “a woman who makes a homestead entry and subsequently mar ries, before completing the same, for feits her right to acquire title to t he land" and for tkat reason yon dismissed tlit appeal from the action of the local office and hold the entry for cancellation. Section 2,2,iff, of tli Revised Statutes, contains the following provisions as to who may enter public lands under the homestead laws: "Every person who i the head of a family, or who has arrived at the age of 21 years and is a citizen of the Tinted States, or who ha? filed declaration of in tention to become such, as required by the naturalization laws, shall be entitled to enter one quarter section, or a less quan tity of unappropriated public lands, up on which such person may have tiled a pre-emption claim, or which may at the time the application is made be subject to pre-emption at $1.25 per acre," etc. Your decision tacitly admits that the applicant, as a single woman, over 24 years of age, and native born, was at the date of her entry qualified under the law quoted to make such entry. The sole question before me for consideration, therefore, is whether the fact of her mar riage after entry and before final proof of itself worked a forfeiture of such rights as she acquired by her entry. I am i unable to concur in the conclusions nrriv- ed at by you <>■ this proposition. The original homestead act of March 30, 1 HIU, was entitled “An act to secure homesteads to actual settlers .in tae public domain." That act, which is substantially embodied in the Revised Statutes, section, 3,2 W. prescribes cm tain prerequisite qualities tions which must exist in settlers under the law. These qualifications have al ready been mentioned. If found to exist, then what;* Actual continuous residence and cultivation must follow, and no oer till cate shall be given or patent issued un til the expiration of five years from date of entry, and then, or within two years thereafter, proof may be made showing continuous residence and cultivation, and that no part of the tract with refer ence to which the proof is offered has been aliienated, except us provided in section 2.2HH of the Revised Statutu* s . 2ill R. B.) From the forgoing it seems clear that when once legal qualification 10 make homestead entry is established, and the land applied tor is subject tosuch entry, then the only remaining question* : for the land department to consider are i those relative to residence, cultivation and alienation. This being true the fact of the marriage of the claimant in this ease after she made her entry cannot of itself work a forfeiture of any right which she may have acquired by virtue of said entry. U only remains for her to show compliance with tlie, requirements of the homestead law, which are conditions sub sequent in order to entitle her to lull le gal title by patent. Her marriage did not of necessity prevent net- from remain ing on and improving the tract, the mar riage of a woman who has made homestead entry may result in her leaving the land which she has entered and establishing a residence elsewhere, and thus indirectly furnishing reason for forfeiture, hut the ground of forfeiture in such cam would be abandonment, and not. the fact of marriage. lam cleaily of the opinion that (he fact of Maria A. flood's marriage did not in any degree impair the right which she acquired under her entry. Upon reference to the decisions of your office on the question herein in volvcd, I find that flit practice has, so far as I have been able to discover heretofore, been uniform in recognizing the right of a married women to complete a homestead claim initiated by entry before marriage. On Feb. 10, 1 H74, your office, in passing upon this question, rul ed that a single woman who makes an entry under the homestead laws by innrri age provided s he fulfills 1 he requirt mi nt - of the statute as regards settlement and cultivation of the land embraced in her homestead entry.' 1 Sec also Hi follow ing cases; Mary Unit decided by your office Aug. 25. 1 sal; Herman E. Phelps, decided Jan. 9, 1hh;(. In the case of Roe anna Kennedy my predecessor Secretary Kirkwood having under consideration theitfectof a pre-emption entry held a to a homestead entry that “the marriage of a single woman snbsevuant to her entry is not a waver or forfeiture of her rights." Relieving as Ido that the pra • l ice a* indicated by the decision cited lias been in accordance with the law and that appellant by her marriage lost no right acquired through her homestead entry I must reverse your decision. I don't pa<- upon the prof made, as to residence and cultivation,as that has not been acted up on by your office The papers which ac corapanied your letter of the C,th iust. are returned herewith. Very respectfully. L. <J, Exmaii. Secy. Basely Deceived. Sun Franelwo (thron ele. Shriek" rang through the corridor- of the fourth flour of th<- fa-hlonnh'e board ing house and echoed down the elevator shaft and stairways. Thore was a rush to room No. 89. The door wa burst open and the boarders rushed in, although it wa H the bridal chamber. On tha lounge the young wife of a day was lying all dis heveled, drumming with tier French heels on the carpet and sending forth sreaui upon scream from her lovely throat. The ! husband, a "mail and elderly man, with a ■ beak like an eagle’s, cowered in a corner. He wa pale as as a corpse, and shook from tha top of hi bald head to the nit i j mate toes of his largo feet. Agitated ladle- fell upon the bride, ripped mysterious -tring- and jorked hidden buttons from their fastening-. 1 They chafed her jeweled and shapely j hands, and threw water into her fair j voting face, regardless of consequences to the new nauve wrapper with a Watteau plait. "What is it. dear'" “What has he done?” "Did he beat yon?” " Did he choke yon I” “Why did you marry the scoundrel, the villain r” These were a few of the questions that rattled upon her like a charge from a shot-gun. The bride struggled to a sitting posi tion. and glaring wildly at the corner where the little man shrunk and shivered, pointed at him. "He deceived me he that man!” she gurgled. “Yes! Yes!” "How. dearHow!'" "He said he was worth over half a mill ion!" She shrieked again. ell!” roared the little man. goaded by the stalls of dozens of indignant and loathing eyes. "Yell, vot of it' She wouldn't have mitont.” "He's only," sobbed the bride, "he's only worth $200,000!" “Monster!" This by a chorus of twenty. And (ho pauper husband returned cow ed to his corner, and observed in miser able silence the practice of the art of bringing a pure -souled and suffering woman out of a tit of hysterics without medical assistance. Till BARTHOLDI STATUE. Description of the brent figure of " Libert} Enlightening the World." 1 he plan of Bartholdi's gigantic statue ' of liberty, which was unveiled on T hus | day. Oct. - s th, on Hedloc's Island, New! York Harbor, was first launched upon the ! public liy tin* French-American Union iu ! the year is. I, at thu time when the world was alive with preparations for the celc | brat ton of our then approaching centen ■ nial iu 187(1. The measurement of the I statue which represents "Liberty Enlight- j cuing Hie World 'is as follows: I'null bottom to top of torch, 151.14 feet; height 1 id bottom foundation of pedestal above j i low water murk, 1.! feet; height of foun | datiou mass, 52.1(1 feet; height of pedestal ’ ; proper, hff feet; total height to top of I torch above mean low water mark, lUMS.II i feet. The forefinger is nearly 8 feet ;t j inches iu length, and 4 feet 7 inches in circumference at the second joint: the head is 14 feet 4 inches in height; the eye is over 2 feet, wide, while the nose is !1 fei t inohi - in h ngth. ,\t the Universal Ex position in 1878 about forty persons ,verc accommodated in the head, and the torch' above the head will easily hold twelve i persons. The total weight is about 441,- 20ff pounds, of which three fifths are iron and two fifths are copper. The whole work I represents an outlay of nearly S2OO,(MM), | including gifts, gratuitous work and the j losses of those who have devoted their j labors to the work. | Two large and handsome bronze tablets 1 have been placed on the sides of the ceu i ter arch on the seaward side of the base of the | edestal. They bear the following inscriptions: THIS PeniCSTAL Whs built by v iluntary ••aiiuThutlons from the people of ttn- I Hit il Stales of America, CONSTBI I l’l\ K AND KXKC'I’TIV'K COMM f 'ITKK : William M. Everts, < Tmlrreiue: Uicbard But ler, S.'cretary ; Ileniy K Spaiililii)*.-, Treasurer JoH|ih W Urexel. N. Mmuferd Moore. Parke lw ie. Frederic A Potts ,1,0i.. . VV. Pmehet Itlehard M Hoot, Aroldteei; (Isneral Charles I’ Koatnerr to ilmef: liavhl ti King. Jr, Builder Completed A. 11 |“HO. A gift from Ibe people of the Republic of t rance to tile iople of the Uwlle I Slates This statue of i.niKiiTi* Kxi ronritNiNo thi. wobd Coinmemorabw the alliance of the two nations in aeliieslug Ilio independence of the United • dales of America, and altesti their abiding friendship Inaugurated (let "S, ISs ; Anviiste Bartholdi, Sculptor. The statue is the largest of its kind that has ever been constructed. Even the Colossus nt Rhodes wits but u minaturo compared with this, and the other im mease statues of Hie world are bill pig lilies when placed beside this one. The Column \ endome from base to summit was only 111 feet’ the Arininius in West phalie, HU feet; t ie St. Charles Borromeo, 7.1 feet; the Virgin of Pay, 62 feet, and (lie Bavaria at Munich, 61 feet. favorite l.'riuks entreat Men. New York Mall mill Express Tom Heed drinks water when he is nt home. Senator Frye, of Maine, drinks mineral waters. Secretary Bayard loves a good big drift of pure rye slightly mellowed with water. Secretary Manning is a temperate man, but he can enjoy a small bottle oocaion ally. Joe Blackburn, of Kentucky, drinks whisky, and likes to imbibe it out of a tin cup. Nearly all the New York city statesmen drink beer at home and wine in Washing ton. Senator Edmunds still sticks to the'fes live cock-tail and does not like to drink alone. A glass of champagne go ppcd slowly rouses Sunset t'ot to ebull * as of wit ns nothing else can. Senator Ingalls’ favorite drink is a mys tery, but some of his brother senators say it is vinegar. Secretary Lamar drinks anything that comes along, and does it as a southern gentleman should. Senator Eaulsbury, of Delaware, is par tial to a whisky sour now ami then. It gives him inspiration. Attorney General Garland can drink anything and in any style. Aqua forfis would not move his nerves. Senator Beck, of Kentucky, thinks that any man who spoils good whisky with water is a heathen. President Cleveland is not averse to good whisky, but he prefers plain, every day beer as a oeverage. The Coni puny in Blame. T*-*s Siftings One of the passengers in an Austin street car was in a particular hurry, but the car in which he was, moved as slow as the prosecution in the New York boodle eases. “What's the matter with that mule.' Isn’t he well I 1 ” asked the impatient pas senger. “The mule isn't to blame for all this slowness. It's the Austin street car com pany that's to blame,’’ replied the driver. “How’s that ?” “Why, yon sec. the company pays us by the month so we ain’t in a hurry; but if it paid as by the trip I could get out of that mule. You bet Id make him hump himself.” SALARIES IN N’KW YORK. Tlii' Beggarly ITHaiice Karma) tij New YmV Clerk* .mil Salesmen \V.I ir* - <n Working- Wtnut n. Cttlca Herald. Comptroller I.oew has announced that hereafter he will not pay any part of a clerk s salary to the loan broker, who have so long fattened on this kind of usury, - ns a Mew York letter to the ITtiea Her ald. The pressure to which salaried men are subject makes them incessant borrow ers, and after they have run in debt else where ns much as possible they apply to the salary brokers, a class which has reached a permanence, if not respecta bility. Some of their number limit loans to or fill a month, and lind their cus tomers in retail clerks. Others hang round the postoflice and city hall and deal out large sums but the best pickings arc found at the customs-house, where most of the officials live a month ahead and pay large fees for cash advances. The salary broker under such favorable cir cumstances can clear s'.',ooo a year, and in an easy maimer on the shaves inflicted on others. When a clerk’s wages are mu-tgaged a month ahead he is so afraid that his employer will hud it out that he pays in self-defense. Secrecy, indeed, is of the highest im portance, and hence all sush transactions arc advertised ns ’•confidential.” This fact has led Comptroller l.oew to his de termination to oppose the ruinous sys tem. He will pay no more salary orders to brokers, and if any order is presented it will not be paid until an explanation is given why personal application is not made. It is one of (he common com plaints among salaried men that they can not live on their income. Mo won der, for New York salaries ■are'very low compared with expenses. Clerks in re- tail stores get. from $6 to $l6 a week, and the latter is paid only to the best salesmen. Bookkeepers receive from $6OO to $l,OOO, though a few fa vored men in fat places get $2,- 000 a year. Situations in the post office nt $6OO are in great demand, and clerkships in public offices at fi,600 are among the spoils of parly success. Hnch a berth, indeed, is often sought for by bribery that is, by paying $6 a week bonus for the appointment. Now when | you consider that a set of apartments i costs, $2O, and that a flat three stories high rents from $26 to $(o s. month, it is not surprising Hint salaried men should be almost always in debt. There has been for several years a reduction in salaries of all kinds, owing to severe com petition in trade. Among (lie poorest paid class is the galemon at the elevated road, who only get $2 26 a day and yet ninny of them are married. There is a great pressure, however, to get even such an immense number of people in search of work that the very smallest salaries are accepted. Multilvdes of young men are now tempted to cinne to this city by the ad vertisements for clerks, bookkeepers, salesmen, and other help, most of which is a mere decoy. The object of the ad vertisers is to llcece the unwary, and they find their most facile victims in country youths. Here is a sample of some of these decoys: "A first-class salesman, of pleasing ad dress, who can loan $ I JUKI on undoubted security, is wanted to solicit orders for an established firm. Knlary $lOO per month, or a liberal commission. Address Business, box -office. ! “A partner wanted with SBK). An edn \ cated young man in the unction, real i estate, ami store agency, letting and col i lecling rents. Apply to I’. G.. auctioneer, Bowery.” The sole object of the advertiser is to ! get possession of the victims, and as this can not be done in a direct manner a • little trickery is necessary. The appli cant finds the “businessman” in an office where books are shown to prove the profit of the proposed transaction, but after the money is paid it does not take move than a day or two to reveal (he fraud. Every dollar that the victim lias invested is lost, and when he applies to the police office more money is wanted. The police will not (rouble themselves with such matters without pay, for they know that nothing will tie got out of the knaves, ami at last the poor dupe will find him self left to make the most out of his cosily experience. Such oasis are oc curring daily, and this will continue as long ns the supply of greenhorns is tin exhausted. <iii> l>f the moot, painful featurtain metropolitan lifti is the degradation of women. Ido not hero refer to anything of a vicious nature, but simply to the effect of extreme poverty. It in always pitiable to see the sex forced to unfomi niuo employments, but it is a common tiling here. I have seen a woman cut ting gra-s with a sickle in an uptown lot in order to make hay for the winter sup port of a goat. I have seen a woman bring home a bofird from some demolish ed building and then try to break it up for fuel by pounding it on the sidewalk wi'h a stone. I saw anotner wowan car rying coal in a pail up three pairs of -lairs to her room in a tenement house, She hud bought a small load of this ar ticle and was thus storing it away. A large part of the chiffoniers or rag and waste-paper pickers are women, and what horrid looking creatures they are! On the other hand, a dealer in fashions told me that there are hundreds and even thousands of women wtio spend $26,000 annually on dress. It may be difficult to imagine the feelings of this fashion wor shipping crowd, but how much mcreaij to imagine those of a woman so degrad ed that a rag picked from the streets is a prize, 'i nking a general view, New York life is,not favorable to woman. Among the rich the idleness of luxury wastes its victims into helplessness, while among the poor one notices that disproportion ate degree Of hardship which so often stamps the countenance with fearful ugli ness. Yon can find the most repulsive creatures here that can be imagined, ■nine of whom would have justified Mac beth’s exclamation Koch al ones tier choppy lingers la lag I poa tor sonny I ps I mleulahle. r ‘‘Mr. Jones." said the hones at the min strels, with the insinuating voice for which he ceased to he famous some time during the reign of Elizabeth, "can you tell me how to invest, money so that it will go the farthest*” “No, Mr. Thompson, I am not aware that I can. How do you invest money so that it will go the farthest?” “Why. buy postage stamps, to be sure.” Appearances Against Hot. New York hue, t tld Hady (suffering from hiccougs to drug clerk)-- Young man, 1 want to get some liquor Clerk (hastily)- Can’t do it, madame. You’ve had enough alrea j Old I.ady (rigidly) -Some liquorice.