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Stttnrral 3Pomt tribune.
It, J, rJKssmr, Prißiasamß. KKAL POINI WISOONBIH The Egyptians mid the Phoenicians are joint claimants for the honor of Uie invention of water craft. in isdo we produced 00,000 lons of paper; in IS'.tO 1,- 1 <O,OOO tons, or 1.1><,- uou tons more titan the total product of Kurope.au paper mills. Nineveh, the uucicut city, was 14 miles long and S miles wide, surround ed by a wall 100 fed. high and 21) feel wide. People who cherish those they know to lie dishonest sliould not. complain when they are robbed. Cutif i r Ims been discovered in Ameri can brook trout in a pond in New Zea land It was supposed that the disease was unknown to fishes. The city hall of Philadelphia, the largest and most costly in the l ulled States, contains the largest clock in tlie world. The line between prudence and >ei fishiless is not drawn clear enough to keep most people from getting on to the wrong side. The fumes exhalations from the sul phur springs of Colorado can lx* dis tinguished at a distance of fully twen ty miles. A Kansas farmer who had had much trouble in shipping eggs, at last suc ceeded in getting a consignment deliv ered in good order by marking the box "dynamite.'’ The great organ in the old Mormon church at Salt Lake City has 2,704 pipes, each thirty-two feet long and large enough to admit the body of a man of ordinary size. The very finest specimen of engraved gem **iw in existence is a head of Nero carved on a first water diamond by the brothers Castauzt In the year 1700 A. I>. Lawrence, Kan., Is said to contain leveral girls who Imagine they are so pretty that they are afraid to appear on the streets In a crowd, for fear of being kidnapped. Tin* new Mormon temple will be dedi cated at Salt Lake. April <. IMPS. Tin* construction of the building was be gun forty years ago, and it has cost t2.5n0.000. The proposed underground electric railway !u London, if sanctioned, will be Its feet under the Thames, OS feet beneath Regent's park and S5 feet be low Oxford street. The United States contains 70,000 lawyers. 11,000 of whom are it. New York city, making the proportion then about one to every 100 of tin* popula tion. France, with a population of 10,- noo.ooo, has but <l.OOO lawyers, and Germany has only 7,000 out of a popu la Hon of 50,00i1, 000. TUo New South Wales government Is floating a loan of thmi millions sterling right at homo amongst Its own people. This Is an ambitious experiment In a colony that has grown from next to nothing to Its present estate within the memory of men now living. A Canadian who favors the annexa tion of Canada to the I’nlted States ex presses the opinion that “political union may not come about while Queen Vic toria lives, but her death will strain the sentimental tie between Canada ami 'England.” An Englishman Ims invented a rub ber stud for floor and stairs. It con sists of a small iron plate with a mill projecting from under the surface, ironnd which rubber Is molded. It Is Ixed In place by a blow of the ham mer, tin* advantage being that when ■vom It can he easily removed and re- Jaeed by others. Scientists are now talking learnedly if “suggestive therapeutics" A year age It was called “hypnotism,” before that, “mesmerism," and not a great while before that, witchcraft. the tin* baits were rather lacking In dlcMon nries. but they tppear to have had ■ v eel lent eyesight. There Is a touch of humor In the fact that mosquito and musk >t are from the same root. the Latin won! for fly. One comes through the Spanish masea, a fly; the other probably through the Italian. The popular no tion tlnit the Mosquito coast of Central America gave name to the Jersey pest is probably an Inversion of the true sequence The prominence of electricity in chemical processes is again brought forward by the announcement of the discovery of anew electric process for obtaining caustic soda, chlorine and other commercial chemicals from salt water. Electrochemical Industrie's al ic'ady well established Include' such Im portant branches as the* reduction of aluminium and alhiminium alloys, bleaching, tanning and the' extraction of metals from ore. Should this new process prove wholly successful, I* is expected to reduce the price of these commercial chemicals one-half. The water of the sea will then be the "new material" from which these products *re derived, ind tariff discussion about them can be stopped. CONDENSED NEWS. L ucie Sam’s dispute with Venezuela is settled. A negro boy of fifteen Is executed in Georgia. The Briggs heresy trial has begun In earnest in New York. An explosion occurs on a bout at Du luth, killing two persons. A most daring bank robbery is com mitted ul Allentown, N. J. Kurland's proposals have been sub mitted to the monetary conference. A drunken street car conductor in Minneapolis shoots two men,one fatally. Having been defeated in tne chamber ot deputies, Uie French ministers resign. The heresy charges against Drs. llriggs ana smith nave been oaa lahy np^awc‘l. I'resident Oaruol, ot Prance, nas cahed upon M. itevsnou to lonu a t ai>- inct. itcprcscuiuuves ot western roads arc loaning eUoris 10 organize a louuage pool. inc W estern I'.tasting t association auoputl ueclslvc measures Ip stop ia it cutting. all. uoiuam, U la amiouucea, tuli he rrcsidi ui Ole veluna s spokesman m tne senate. ino extensive msoncij oi Tousut Snout, at Tie-Deck, TicumaiK, tnuuea to Uie ground. One utmureu uuu eignieeu cases oi typhoid lever were reported in at. Turns on tne _:hU. .Ur e pidemic or to puoid lever prevails among smucins ai tne oulo aieuicai Coaege, omcuuiau. .v sale in die post olUcc at Marengo, in., was riiouu open, and tin tne stamps and casU on naud mkiu. iauen or tne six convicted loiedo, Ohio, hoodiers has h- eu sentenced to pay a line or y _jo and costs. Cun costav umduraru, commander ot tne Swedish naval reserve, and ul Stockholm, aged 00 years. ruts winter Jay uotun win pass m li .vas, wuere he win supervise me con struction or tne W nue Uaas rauwaj . r- riedi'rck aaatz, an original character ol r mne, known among studclils as ITcllcn SatllZ, died, aged in J ears. jjavid uuuU, a resident ut Acwiila, Olno, luuu au overdose ui uiul'pninu ior sumo uumcm uuii died Hum mu udecia. at. i.uuui aa well tut si. i'alll, nas a die.ua eaa>, a burner oeilig arrested tor lauuUa ou tue blleligin ui a dream. j. u. ixuius, aii employ u ui uiu om cago Aalural uas company , was aaol by U'l.n xiayues, a ueigubur, ai inwuou, iiul. a pm senger Irani was ueld up at alal ia, .vioill., uu Uiu l:btn, ui Laiee uu u, v. uu secured LUe lueai sate ii'oiU Uiu express cat. aiia. JosupU i buy, titled ui, was bmn eu la ,i uuU UU expiutuuu al Her iiuuic Ui v irgima, ill., so uadiy Ural auu uieii a iew Uuois lilier. lUe iianiiUisuu packing piaui ul Sluux City Ua.s ueell pmenaseu by Uiu Cud anya 01 CUlcugti. ilia Uiu largest putiv uig pi.au in luwii. i lie .Nicaragua Canal eeaveiiUaU as sellioieu Ul Sew Orleans uu Uiu dUUi. mere is a large attendance and good resinis are auucipaleU. A ■'seminary suullU selUelneUl" is lu be iuUlided in euiiueuUun wilu Uiu oiu cago xneuiugicai suliuuary lu luinisb a.ijui l lessons lu BtUueiiis. Julia 1. Cuiiuuii.i, auuinuuai law judge ul i.acKiiwanna county, tiled ul seran luii, i'a. Ue was uU years uid auu was eluded lu Uiu buueli mu years ago. lUe democrats ul -Nebraska, accord ing to an Uiuaiia dispaicn, nope lu gain auuiiier l ulled Stales seuaior as a re sult ul contests in lergiulaUve dlsu'icls. Hie I'aimers' -Nilliuuai Hank at AUen luwn, a. J., was uu me -inin robbeii by iwu men, wliu at me puiUL ui revolvers lotved ilie casluer io baud over $H,iUd. Custav I landt. who murdered an old widow, named \ an dd Heide, at Under* guar l, near Suuli', July o, XSIC, was sentenced to death ny Ucc court oi Static. Congressman Lewis Steward, oi Illi nois eighth congressional district, will contest the seal in congress of Robert A. Childs, who hod u plurality ol J i votes. XTesideai Craves of the and lunct Com mercial oaiik of Dubuque, has returned irom Arizona to stand trial lor making false rc ports to the comptroller ol luc currency. l)i-k Berlin and Charley liayes, two notorious burglars of South Omaha, nave been arrested, charged with tite murdei of Charles Miller, late mayor ol thc> city. Miss Sophoulsba Hreckeuridge, daugh ter of Col. W. C. I*. Hreckeuridge, ol Kentucky, has ukcu the proper exam ination for admission to the bar and sin- is now tt fuU-tledgcdslawyer. t he acting director of the mint is in formed that the coiners at the I’hila dclp'aia mint made their lirot delivery of the World’s fair souvenir coins to Su perintendent Bosbyshell yesterday. The pool established by the presi dents of the Trunk Line association Nov. 10 for dividing till the competitive west-bound freight malic between New York and Chicago, went Into effect on the Ist. lieorge M. Harris, of Richmond. Ind., whose conduct has offended his neigh bors, was captured by a crowd of men. tied, gagged, and a noose placed around ills neck. He saved his life by promis ing to leave town. Mrs. Maggie Bradley, who was re cently tried and acquitted for the mur der of a baby, ints been told by the women of Willis. Kas.. to leave the ! county In ten days or they Would tar 1 and feather her. William Ereyvogel. one of the Jury i men m ihe recent Cntchiow trial at Homestead, lias been discharged Horn Ins position at the instance ot li. C. Frick, because of lus stand on the Glllculow verdict. Hans GlutsUun Arenizen, a mauuiac turer of GopenUugeu, bequeathed Ins estate, JliSO.ouo, to the minnclpaiuy ol liorseus, his native town, to be used lor tile erection ol homes lor aged artis ans or their wiuows. At a meeting lieid at -Montreal on the kbtU to ihseuss the political future ol Gambia u. vote was taken willed result ed; A’or uiuepeuuenee, 1,014; fur an nexation, bug; tor present coudiGou, 004; for imperial it deration, lib. The total collections ot mierual rev enue lor Ure lust lour months of the present usual year were soo,_od,oko, an increase ot s4,.kit:,idk compared with ,Ue coliecuuns during Uie corresponding period ot the last nseal year, A or Hie second lime mis year, u rub bery on me Illinois, lowa tc Indiana railroad occurred on the gain between Hwignl and Hilda station, id. A.acu time me amount secured was ■>- UU and the L ulled states -Gxpress company is the loser. A dispatch from Davenport, la., says that e.v-Messenger G. i. iiagley Will plead guilty when lus case is called in me district court tor the embezzlement of sloo,ooU Horn the Lulled Estates la press company. His plea will be tem porary Insanity. Abe hi. Paul, -Minneapolis and .Man itoba railroad company,by us attorneys, has uled With mo secretary ol me in terior us deitl of reconveyance to m: government tor 4o,uuu acres oi land within Uie place mints ut ns grunt in Norm Dakota, Arrangements have been completed for a consolidation ol the W erucr a rim ing and i.ltUograpiuug company ol Ak ron, U., and Uie It. t>. Foulc company ol Gincago. the new company win be capitalized at .iki,500,000, and ah work vvui be dune in Akron. Henry ts. Ives, me young Napoleon of nuance, was mu riled m Hockport, N. t , to Miss Helen Gertrude Sears, Nov. ill. The wedding was such a quiet affair that none but Hie immediate relatives and most intimate friends ol Uie tuu traeung parties Knew of It. Patrick Uurst, of Ciilcago, was placed on Ural uu tbe kbm, m Judge Baker s court. Hurst killed his wife Feb. 5 by slabbing her forty mins with a huge seaman’s knife. After ins arrest he coot eased the crime. The defense will try lo prove Hurst Insane. Virginia Penny, the pioneer in the movement to extend the possibilities of employment for women,is living in New Fork in pitifully destitute circum stances. Sho lias suffered much from sickness and poverty, for she has never read zed much from her books. At a wedding lu the village of Gross iirueskow, near Slolzs, ihe dUO guests consumed eight calves, one steer, four hogs, 130 chickens, duo pounds of lisli, 1,000 pounds of Hour, kuo pounds ol butter, 700 eggs, leu barrels of beer, seventy-live gallons of liquor., etc., the Uie market value being $5OO. riie body of a uuiu supposed lo be Weed Knapp was found ou the truck of the iludseu river road ueur Hie rolling mill, I’oughkecpsic, ou the -dUi. lire lop oi bis bead above las ears was nearly cut off. TUe remains were brought to Oorouer P'rosl’s rooms. Secretary Noble lias approved the role of the Cheyeuue Uiver and the Standing Hock bauds of ludiaus iu the Dakotas to whom the siiuu,ooo appro priated by the act of Jau. ill, ISUI, is to be i>ald. it is expected that the money will be in tiio bauds of the agents for payment within the next two weeks. Acting Secretary Spaulrliug made a further modilieatiou of the regulations governing the admission of immigrants on the doth. Under it till vessels from foreign ports regardless of whether they carry immigrants will be allowed to proceed as far as tbe local quarantine stations at Philadelphia and Baltimore. Tbe favorable economical coiulitious of tbe people of Denmark is well dem onstrated by tbe report of the deposits iu the 544 savings banks within the kingdom. Tbe deposits amounted to sUs,Udk!,t4l crowns or dollars. The In crease during last year was $5,003,031*. The lumber linn id’ Bills A Koch, of Toledo. U., lias failed. The linn’s as sets are about sss.ooo. but the liabilities will exceed that amount. At Teemuseh, Mich., the Teemuseh bank closed ou hearing of the failure of the Toledo linn. Its liabilities are $150,000 and as sets $BB,OOO. The Census Bureau on the doth gave statistics for ISlK) of the manufacturing industries of laneolu. Neb. Number of establishments tepefied, 117; number of industries reported, US; capital in vested, sl,lH4.v<>; bauds employed. 1.515; wages paid. $030,075; cost of materials us.il. $1,375.503; vain- of products, sa,ois.sa7. A Htuiseroa* Dpnillock Occur* when the eieve like action of the kidneys ~ interrnpted, and they jwrtlally cease to secrete .Tom the blood those Impurities forth* escape of w hich they are such important channels, bright' liseaee, diabetes, suppression of the nrlne, aucl weakness and inaction of the blae er—these r“ complaints to the relief of which Uoeteter'c Stomach Bitters Is admirably adapted. These ailments unchecked are very formidable, and the utility of a recourse to this fln* remedy and pre ventive cannot be pleaded with too much insis ,-nce. The Bitters is likewise efflcacioas in ar incomparable degree of malaria, indigestion, .ostlvesess, rheumatism and debility. In neu rdgia it has also proved itself a sovereign medi am of relief. It may be sold. without much fear of successful contradiction, lliat there Is not a husband, young or old. who would not rather have his wife hear lectures on cookery than start hi as a lecturer In a household course of her own. BANKS AM) BACKING. Prot. Khilfv's A nil- i'aj. i Before the Contemporary Club. % A Wisconsin I’nivorsity Professor Intelligently Discussed an Important Question Work of Clearing: Houses, Merits of I . S. Boinls and Many Other Topics Treated. lu Madison a few evening’s since Prof. David Kailey, of the economic de partment of the Wisconsin university, gave a practical address on r l he Use of National Banks in Government Finan cial Operations. An unusually large and cul tured audience assembled at the meet ing of the Con temporary club at the Unitarian church last evening. The public had been well informed as to the program, the reading of an original paper on The Use of National Banks In Government Financial Operations, by Professor David Kinley, of the uni versity, and a discussion of the paper by Mr. N. B. Van Slyke, president of the First National b. .m, and other citi zens versed in finance. Mr. Kinley’s paper was a very able production and showed ean fnl research. "Tho opinion has been expressed,” slid Prof. Kiuley, ’‘that tlie proper in stitutions for keeping the government deposits and for managing cria s are tlie banks and the clearing houses. The statement can be narrowed some what to tlie national hanks and the clearing hous< s. It Is not necessary to discuss licre the comparative merits of national and state banks. But only the national banks should Is* used because they are the only ones ov- r which the national government can exercise dl l’ ct control. The national banking sys tem lias faults, but it has served Its purpose of furnishing a uniform and safe currency so long that it ought to be preserved, its failure to make our curMtcy elastic is due in part to un wise regulations as to the security and redemption of notes and to the use of the reserve; but more so to other inde pendent features of our currency sys tem, especially the use o? government notes, and to our silver policy. But these are defects that can be remedied. “Any proposal for a more extended t.se of the national banks as public de positories. and for enlarging their func tions as regulators of the currency,” confined tie speaker, “must, of course, have In view the fact that In a few years more the system will pass out of existence, and must, therefore, include some suggestion for its perpetration In some form. The plan about to be out lined assumes that th ■ national bank ing system will be continued. There is really no good reason why it should ho allowed to disappear for the only condition affecting its existence which will soon change In the extinction of the national debt. But it Is difficult to s o what valid objection can be made to basing the circulation on other bonds. The law penults the secretary of the treasury to accept other than United States bonds as security for public de posits; if there are other bonds which are. In the opinion cf congress, suffi ciently secure for that purpose. It may fairly be assumed that congress should consider these same imrds a sufficient surety for bank Issues •Trendsing then that he national banking syshm .will he continued. Prof. Kinky said that the lud. pet dent tnvusury with its bad Influence on the moiny market, could he replaced with the hanks ns depositories by modifying the banking laws hi accordance with the following stiggesHc ns: "1 Make the cl aring houses of the four or live most Important cun's in different s.v lions of the country agents of th ■ govemnient In its relations with the hanks, dividing the country into department* and putting one of the clearing houses at the h ad, for govern ment business of till the banks In a de partment. livery national bank to b come a member of the clearing house in Its section or dt partment. “3. Deposit all govemm nt money In the national banks with the excep tions noted below, and requite* all gov ernment receipts and payments to pass through thes . banks as far as possible, uit these conditions: ‘•The hank seeking to become a gov ernin'nt depository shall deposit with its clearing house bonds of the charac ter required ns security for circulation, of such amount ns in the discr tion of the secretary may be ivqnir.il. but never to be suffered to become less than the p;ir value of the .amount of public money h>'ld by the bank. The cl aring house shall have the right to reject, under general rules adopted by all the clearing houses and approved by the secretary of the treasury, any of the bonds offer'd that it deems nn safe, and shall then f a-ward thos<' d-'emril sttfe to tlv Unite.! states treas urer at Washington. On receipt of tilt's.' bonds by th" treasurer, the hanks shall on t ie order of the treasurer, re celv- a deposit of public money from Its clearing house. If there Is a surplus there, or else by transf r from any de partment where a surplus lies, and shall also he appoint' and a collector and dteburser of public money under proper regulations. “ In continuing the speaker said that auoth r oouditlou was that all deposi tory banks should make daily reports to their respective clearing houses, and the clearing houses to the secretary of the treasury. Any loss to the govern ment from false returns from any bank or from depr elation of the bonds de posited should be made good by the clearing house to which that bank be longs. AJI drafts for government money shall be made directly on the banks. If any bank fails to pay a draft ea de mand. any other national bank may at Its discretion do so, and shall then b- reimbursed on presentation of the draft with proof of Its dishonor, for the principal, costs and Interest, by the clearing house of the d* partment in which the defaulting bank is siuiat (d. All government mon y shall be de posited in the banks in accordance with the foregoing provisions, exo pt the $100,000,000 of gold commonly known as the greenback reserve, and th ■ gold or silver bullion on deposit to secure coin or bullion certificates. The following provisions for elnsiic city of the currency ;ir ■ suggested: “Circulating notes should be lasued ou deposit at Washington of such bonds as have already 1> • n described, or ou de posit of gold or of gold anti bonds, and the amount of issue should bo the par value of the deposit. In a crisis each bank should be allowed to expand its issue of notes 25 per c lit over the par value of the bonds deposited, provided the bonds do not fall b low par ou ac count of the crisis, and each bank should also in- allowed to deposit gold coin or bullion as a basis for the further issue of not * In the same ratio, to be held ou special deposit at Its dealing house for the purpose of redemption. In or der to avoid delay in a crisis each bank should at all times keep at its clearing house ou special deposit, a certain amount of extra notes. These notes should bo soak'd away under the seal of a United States Inspector, aud an account of them should at all times be kept with the treasurer of the United Stab's. "Permission to use tli ee extra notes for the purpose of the expansion just spoken of must bo secur 'd from the secretary of the treasury,” said Prof. Kinley, “and the secretary shall give such permission under the following circumstances and then only: He must have n ceived from the clearing house notification of the necessary deposit, and the rate of discount ou call loans in New York city must have r ached eight per cent. All net protit over one per cent, accruing from dlls extra issue of notes must be credited to the gov ernin'nt. No bank shall discount below eight per cent, while any notes of this extra issue are outstanding, and any bank may offer a premium on such notes in order to call them in. If any of them are outstanding at the end of one month the bank may lie requir ed at the discretion of the secretary of the treasury to deposit gold coin or bullion to cover the excess, and at the end of two months such df posit shall be required. All the usury laws of the states should be repealed, so far at least as they relate to short time loans, and no national bank should lie allowed to make discounts for a longer time Ilian ninety days. “The payment of interest on de posits.” said ITof. Kinlcy, “should be forbidden and the law which allows de posits of country banks in banks of r serve cities to count as part of the reserve of both, should be repealed. Every national bank should be forbid den to pay out the notes of any other, but should be compelled to receive them at par and forward them to its dealing lions' for redemption. Each bank should ki*ep at its clearing house a redemption fund equal to live p* r cent, of its circulation. If any bank should fail to redeem a note of Its own \ssti" on demand, the holder may seek its payment by either of the methods provided for the payment of govem m nt drafts and the affairs of the de faulting bank shall immediately Is' put into tlu> hands of a receiver and its af fairs wound up. A reserve of at least twenty per emit, of deposits shall al ways be kept on band, exo pt when the discount rate on call loans at any of the central dill's In which the clear ing hous*s are situated risce to ten per eent.. the reserve of ary bank in that department may he allowed to fall to fifteen per cent, of its total de posits, In a erisis clearing house cer tificates may be Issued subject to the regulations which now govern their Issue In X 1 w York city. "There is nothing in these proposals," continu'd Prof Kinloy, “that involves a wide and parture from Institutions ami methods already familiar, ami they pro vide for the ultimate safety and the prompt payment of the public deposits for expansion of the currency in crises, for the prevention of congestion of money at gr at centers, and for vari ation in the volume of bank currency in response to business demands. No mention i- made in them of ‘lawful money’ other than gold as a provision for reserve. It would l>e a great pre caution for futur safety if the exist ing government notes were retired and their place supplb and by bank currency. In that event the banks should be raxed so ns to secure for th ■ puhlle at least as much as the net profit, allowing for trouble and expense, deriv'd from the government notes. The currency of the country would then be more elas tic. because more purely commercial. Hie provisions for the safety <t the public deposits are ample, for only bonds of first class character could b‘ accepted and only after receiving the approval of both the clearing hous ■ and the secretary of the treasury. Finally, the adoption of this or some similar plan." conclud'd the speaker. “would put an end to the injurious Influence on the business of the country which the action of the independent treasury has so long exercised, and which increases as the years pass by. The time has come for the adoption of a more en lighten**! srsbrn." THE BROKER WIZARD Jay Gould Falls a Victim to Puj. inonary Consumption and Passes Away. Sketch of one of the Host Homan, tic Careers of the Pres ent Century. Enormous Fortune Lett to Six Surviving Children —Other Facts. New York, Dec. 2, -Jay Gould died tins raornmg at 9:30 o’clock His troubles were diagnosed a ;: column, lion of the stomach, suppletm atedwith a bilious attack. The direct cause of Mr. Gould s death, as stated at the house this morning, was pulmonary consumption. The scene at the house at midnight was not extraordinary It was stated at that time that the strong master mind had ceased to battle for life. His children were at his bedside and the* recognized that the hopes of the pan few days were vanishing uud that the end was not far off. They tearfully I admitted this to a few close personal friends, and then began the vigil whirl only ceased when the last breath left the body. Dr. Munn, his physician, had Dr. Janeway in consultation, but they said that nothing could be done but make Mr. Gould’s last houn as , oiafortable as possible. When the end came the members of the family who were in the Louse were Mr. and Mrs. George Gould, Mr. md Mrs. Edwin Gould, Miss Helen Gould, Mr. Howard Gould, Mr. Harold Gould and Miss Annie Gould. Jay Gould was born In West -Settlw ment, a backwoods vll age of Roxbury Delaware county, N. Y., May 27, ls3d! He was the sen of John H. Gould, a farmer, who was fairly well-to-do, and , who had been a deputy sheriff in famous anti-rent war in the early '2o'i Young Gould was also a cousin o( Alfred Gould, the in ventor of the chain well pump, and was closely connected with the Mores, a prominent Scold family, and others well known in the county. His mother died when hewa an infant Mr. Gould left home with SOcenteh his pocket and studied at UobM academy, in a neighboring town, Ren he earned an extra penny by keening the books of the village blacksmith, eventually enjoying a brief partnership in the business. He was fond of mathe matics, and . leaving school found em ployment .L. ...taking surveys for a map of 1 Ister county at a salary of gt’Ope month. The correctness of the attracted the at ention of John Dei field, who applied to the Legislatmt •o authorize a map of the (State to h made, in which Mr. Gould would lus a prominent part of the work. The work failed, owing to the death of tit* promoter, and Mr. Gould, havinf gained $3,01)0 or $4,000 through hi previous maps un i surveys, wrote I “History of Delaware County." I After an unsuccessful attempt k push the sale of a patent mouse trjx which he had invented, Mr. Gould en tered int-> partnership with Zaiioo, Pratt in the tannery business In 185# the patent was sold, and Gould cam* to New York with quite an addition t his fortune. H(- entered into businru with Charles D. Leupp, leather mer chant. In the panic of 1857 Lettpp'soap ital was wrecked, hut Gould managed to come through without sever a Gould's father-in-law, Mr. Miller, in itiated the young financier into the railroad business and sold him a num ber of shares in the Rutland 4 "ald ington railroad at 10 cent* on the dollar. Gould showed so much inter esl that he was soou elected president and general manager of the road, and finally consolidated it with the Ken seiner & Saratoga railroad When w* stock went up Gould sold out **• handsome profit. BULL OF THE WOODS. liitcrtiug Anecdote of H' ,w U '" j Trusted a Tout'll “I tnul tnc distinguished honor to bjj theoompanlon of Abraham one of Ills flatboat expeditions. Davis G. Stephens, one of the of Iliiiiois, to a Pittsburg Tim* 1 * "Furthermore, the great martyr P * dent became my champion and tnn a man on my account and "ins him thoroughly. 'I was a boy | rather delicate, and my fath'f. loved Lincoln as a son, sent ® J trip with hbn. hoping that t\ould improve my health. R tied up one night at a smith where there was a tavern. j “A fellow who called bimso •bull of the woods.’ and who oral snifters of oom-julce under ■ came aboard looking for trouble JJJ coin was lying down asleep on '■ side of a pine plank, with one ’ r n arm for a pillow. I was washing hickory shirt, and the intruder a *3 e<l to souse my head Into the b soapy water. , w gj “Lincoln awoke and .old u.m o "j alone. He paid no attention ■ 1 ‘ j ward, long legged sleeper, but Pj the pall and Jammed It J head, almost drownigg me. ~ 3 J tlie soap suds out of my eyes si'. 1 to see, Lincoln had him by was holding him so that hi touched the deck, and was i' 1 ' terrific kicks under Uls coat tfltL his Xo. U cowhide boot h ~j •T visited Lincoln at the whD . shortly after the outbreak He presented me with a captain- mission, remarking: The H woods has broke loose affidu- I