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IOWA GO. DEMOCRAT.
CIKO. CRAWFORD A: ltlt< >. Publishers. TKUMH; $!.!)) per ntiMiiin. In b'lvbiicp. Uuhinkss failures arc occurring thick and fan! in all sections of (lie country. Tin-: postmaster general is getting up anew denial) of one, two and three cent slumps that it is thought will prevent the fraudulent practice of washing can celled stamps. Hi:n, Mlti.ku is said to have a hill for improving the ventilation of the laaise of representatives. Men. might do away with the necessity for more ventilation if he would resign his seat and no home. Till; finance statement for the last (jiiarter of (In; year 1K77 will show a greater nmnher of failures than any similar period since the war. 'I he last three months of MH77 have been more disastrous to the business of the coun try than has been witnessed in many years. Many business men who con rid erod themselves in reasonably good circumstances on the first of October will begin the new year almost penni less. The year I7H begins with all kinds of business depressed to an extent really alarming. Till', public might as well not credit any of the stories coming so frequently over the wires from Washington, to the effect, that important changes are soon to occur in the cabinet. There is no reason to believe that there will be any change, and the stories are owing chiefly to the fact that sensational news cannot lie found readily at. present at the capi tal, and the newspaper reporters are ex pected to say something. -sot. —w” Tin: stories of the return of Sitting Mull to the United States, as well as that of (lie Nes I’erces having tired the prairies and started on another murder ing expedition, seem to be false. There is no real danger of any further out break by the Indians in any of the northwest territories. The only Indian troubles now, arc those on the Mexican border and those are unimportant. A’l last England has undertaken the work of making peace between Russia anil Turkey, and while Russia will not like it and is already making consider able bluster she will probably soon see the necessity of observing decorum when she begins to gel complicated with England. The Turks are pretty eM’ectually Hogged ami mankind gener ally is glad of it; but England cannot allbrd to permit Russia to wipe the Ottoman Empire from among the na lions of Europe and Russia would be going too far to expect it. VVllll.K it is true that this country is at present witnessing a depression in all kinds of business disastrous in its ellecls, the furthcoming annual report of the Agricultural Mureau w ill show the enor mous aggregate yield ol 31)0,000,000 bushels of wheal for 1877, which is ;(),- 000,000 bushels more than ever before produced. The same ollicial authority shows that the corn product was 1.300, 000,000 bushels, with corresponding large yields of oats and potatoes. Ihe report, shows that there never w as greater abundance in the land. Out ol the w heat product it is estimated, deducting for home consumption in food and seed, that upwards of 110,000,000 bushels ol wheat can be spared for expoil. Tmc Mexico City correspondent of the New York World has studied out areal ingenius war scheme whieh he will doubles* carry into execution im mediately. This scheme consists of a grand alliance olVeosive and detensive between Mexico and Spain, against the United States. Mexico and Spain and j we presume Spain will bring Cuba along to see the Americans skecdadille will join in a war of conquest against the United States at once and will share equally all the territory north of the Uio Uramie which they compel the United Stales to cede them for the sake of peace. This is in brief the plan of the W’nrU's correspondent and no doubt it will work admirably as the very sug gestion of an alliance between Spain and Mexico is enough to make Mr. Hayes’ few subjects shake in their boots, lint this scheme is certainly discussed and that too with an abiding faith in its feasibility by some of the citizens of Mexico. Since Spain has failed after eight years in suppressing the Cuban rebellion the chances for her to get a share ofTexas is not at present very protruding. The War in Europe. WO IIK FOU FNIiI.ANIi. A London associated press telegram of Dee. iitith, states that the /W in its leading article, says the duty which Kngland has undertaken is not em barrassed by any bases for the m ttlement of the war, and involves nothing more than to test the willingness of Russia to enter into negotiations, the terms of peace being a matter for subsequent consideration. IIIUTISII I VmiVKNTIoN SOI.KTI 1.1). The Ailiritlmr publishes the following in official form: We understand (he sultan lias solicited the Mrilish govern ment to approach the czar, with a view to bring about negotiations for peace, and the Jiritish government has consent ed to do so. RUSSIAN llia.M OIK KMI N I S. A Muehare l correspondent under date of I tec, liflth, -ays that reinforce ments oidered for the Russian army ex ceed ‘„’b(),0M(I men. The army of the Itii ltic numbering ‘.M1,000 men, is aLo being formed. Russia has bought-00,- 000 rifles in Merlin. OSMAN’S TIIOi ni.KS. A Mueharesl telegram of December list 1 1 says that it is currently rumored and generally believed then: that Os man Masha will be tried by a military court of the highest jurisdiction for the slaughter of the wounded after the great battle of .Inly !!l, the light before tin 1 (Irivit/u redoubt on September 11, and several other minor engagements. The discoveries made by the Russians since occupying the fort i licit I ions of I'levna, information gained from Turk ish officers, and abovft all the absence of Russian prisoners, although several hundred had been cap tured dining all the engagements, leavs no reasonable doubt that the Turks under <lsniau Masha have been guilty ofd Is which will render his now illustrious name forever infamous. It will he remembered that in August, I.St 15, a special miliuiry commission sat in Washington to try Wirz, charged with destroying the lives id' soldiers confined in the Andersonville military prison. The crimes of which Wirz was convicted, and for which he was after ward hanged were less offensive to the code of modern warfare than those im puted to (Isnian Masha. Fvery day brings to light some new horror at Mlevna. KNUI.AND AND lII'SSIA. A Vienna dispatch dated December ‘JKtli says it is slated from several sides that England, although declining to mediate, has confident ially Hounded Uiissia as to the terms on which she would he inelineil to make peace and that the Russian cabinet lias been far less reserved than might have been an j lieipated. (itiNS ouni:ui;i). Russia has ordered twelve hundred K rupp held Kims. A Rondon correspondent telegraph ing under date of I tee. L’iHh, stale.-, that in English niihlary circles war is con sidered almost inevitaide. Arrange ments are completed and regiments al lotted for an army of 80,01)0 men, and steps are already taken towards a for mation of a nucleus for a reserve army. Profound uneasiness jirevails here, and there is great depression in trade and finance. l ilt: ('/.All’s HKTKKMINATION. It is reported that the czar, in reply ing to an address presented by a con gratulatory deputation headed by Prince liorlschakoir, said, “England will apparently exercise pressure upon the liberty of our action, hut WIC Wll.b NOT KONSKN I TO MI.DIATION, AND AUK AliMKIi All A INST INT KUYKNITON.’’ This in ellccl is what the Russian press i > saying in chorus. Mediation is call ed intervention: intervention is resent ed, It is staled on good authority that the Russian government has ordered I,‘Jim held guns of K rupp. Nor is the news from Merlin such as to indicate that in that city a speedy return of peace is expected, hut rattier the con trary. on Tin; anxlors ska r. The times have been wofully out of joint for many mouths. The whole course of events runs counter to the notion that the war is only a local war, in which other nations than those im mediately concerned have no interest. Surely it cannot he denied that there is scarcely a nation in Europe, great or small, that is not concerned in these dark and anxious troubles, or which at any moment may not hud itself deeply roll rested. That England is in tins condition is a matter of absolute cer tainty, yet every day sermons are ad dressed to the government forbidding them to see, or say they see, any dan ger threatening. General Men tlil.Y IN PI ASH. Tin' treasurer 1 llui Texas ami Cal ifornia stage company at Little Uoek, Arkansas, is in receipt of a telegram from Dan. Stevens, assistant super inteiulcnt in western .Texas, under date of December -Jilt, saying the Indi ans of that section seem so full of hell ishness, that unless more troops soon reach there, no stage can he maintained nor people left alive. The Indians at tacked the coach in Hasey Canon, cap tured four horses, anil killed both driver and llahe Valdez., the division superintendent. KNUOKTIIK MKXU’AN wak. Associated press advices from Chicago of Dec. ‘Ji'lh, state that telegrams received at military headquarters de tails the surrender of Howard and his hand at San Kl./ario, the subsequent shooting of Howard, Melhide and At kinson. and the other events substan tially as given in despatches. The riot ers were reported to be picking up their effects and moving, some over the river and other* elsewhere. Only live rioter* warn identified as Mexicans, and it is thought there were not over ten from that side, although the organized rioters were dot) strong, and were accompanied hy about 101 l thieves. The Mexican authorities have posted a large number of notices on both sides of the river, warning Mexican citizens against par ticipating in the trouble, nkz i'j;nci:s. Oflieial information from Hig Horn post, Montana, says two Nez I’erces have eome into camp having been in Sitting Hull's camp, and report that a white scout is in the camp of the hos tile.* as a prisoner. Tin; Nez I’erces are anxious to leave Sitting Hud, and arc slipping away when ever possible, but are a frit id to come in a body. sittimj m;u.. Dispatches from Fort Hu font says Sitting Hull is reported encamped on Hock creek and committing some de predations, eh icily mi other Indians. •it.nni:s*i:k i.ix;isi,ati’ 111 ; aimocuns. A Nashville telegram of December 21)1 h, says that the legislature l adjourned xhi* dir to-day, without adopting any measure toward the com promise of the stale debt, all proposi tions having been defeated by the ob structionists or low tax men, who de sired to agitate the question before the people at the next election. DON CAKI.OS liOI NI rai. A Haris telegram of the UlUh, states that Don Darios was ordered to quit France, partly in consequence of ex- IJueen Isabella's overtures to him. Those overtures are regarded as an ex pression of her displeasure at the mar riage of King Alfonso. VAI.fK Of DKADWOOD MINKS. A I lead wood dispatch of December Ulllh, says that the Holden Hate Mining Company to-day consum mated a sale of their mines, the Father Desmot,Holden Hate, Justice and Hi del i er, to Culiforniaeapilalists, for the hand some sum of i?in)ijltlii. This is the heav iest mining transaction that lias oc curred in tin* hills. I'lieasy Europe. lii announcing the fuel that. England has undertaken (ho task of making peace hi'lvvn'ii Russia and Turkey, the Associated Press dispatches of I >. doth give the following comments of the English and European press on Hie critical situation : Tin; LONDON TIMLS, in a leading article, says the announce ment that tlie Sultan has invited her majesty's government to approach tin> e/.ar with a view to bring about negoti ations of peace, w ill lend to calm some of the (cars which have been exciting the country and to hold out the hope that the dreadful war may he brought to a close more quickly than by the shock of battle. The Sultan has taken the only course consistent with a calm ri view of what the war has already | done and what it must do if it should last much longer. The circular to the powers showed that the peace party at the porte had at the time got the upper hand. It proposed terms which would no doubt have Imm u inadmissa hle before the war, and which would not hear discussion after the terrible battles of the last six mo ilhs: hut the porte did not intend the circular tube taken at its word. Now that all the powers have courteously ‘.ml (irmly de clined to approach Russia with impos sible conditions the sultan “has fairly asked this country to use its cllorts to bring ahout negotiations for peace. It is important that the govern ment should conduct negotiations in a spirit absolutely free from parti sanship. We are not parlies to the present contest, as a mediator’s essen tial duty is to convey a message from one power with which we have no quarrel to another power with which we have no quarrel. We have doubtless great interests at stake, po litical as well as commercial, and they will he urged at the proper moment; hut meanwhile it is our duty to act as friendly intermediates and not as rulers of the Indian empire. To take a side with one of two powers, which we must bring into contact, would simply he to make our mission useless, and destroy the prospect of peace. Our govern-! incut will have to ascertain whether Russia is willing to open negotiations, and what are her conditions of peace. It will have to oiler Turkey such ad vice as may seem proper and present her answers. It may have to reason in an earnest spirit with both belligerents in order to secure a common ground. It may he obliged to urge the porte, on tin' one hand, to he wise in time, and Russia on the other, not to demand such terms as would goad the Turks to a desperate course and thus multiply the perils of Kurope. W hile tin mediator may seem to act as an advocate now of one power and now of another, arguments must he dictated purely by the spirit of concilia tion. No doubt the government would have to consider the interests of Eng land, but a presentation o( them would come in good time and there is not the slightest reason to fear they will he neg lected. Tin: LONDON NKWS. The Ottoman government de clares that its desire for negotiations for peace may be brought about on the present basis of facts, and as its professions must be accepted as sincere, the public w ill wish it success on its new policy. It cannot be neees ! sary to point out that oven upon the I most limited interpretation of the office it has assumed, the queen has assumed a task of great delicacy. The present war primarily concerns Russia and Turkey, but the eastern ques tion is one which must be considered by Europe. By its present action our govermenl has taken on itself the character of intercessor for one unfortunate belligerent, while acting also oilieially for Europe. Hut it has to harmonize this new character with the declarations which it has repeatedly made, and with the whole of the conduct, of which the least that can he sit'd, is that it has now prepared the world fo • the part it has undertaken to play. On her majesty's ministers may very much depend whether the eastern question shall be now settled, at least for many years to eome; or this war he followed hy a mere truce, the prelude to a wargreater and more disastrous than that of which we are now spectators. We are hound to hope that they will prove equal to their responsibilities. IIIK liKItr.IN OAZKTTK. If England merely seeks to sound Uus.-ia respecting her willingness to make peace, credit may he awarded (treat Hrilain for her meritorious inten tion. In any other ease the theory of the Ai/rncc Himr that mediation, unless solicited by both belligerents, becomes intervention, may assert itself re garding intervention, iius.-in, in the ful lillmeiit of her mission, can scarcely ho stopped even hy the cleverest moves on the political chess hoard. t Sorts. Never discuss your family affairs in a horse-car. The glass panes in the win dows are good conductors of sound. The forgetful man at this season of the year works himself into a fever as he hnpeMioindy traverses various pock ets in search of the glove ho holds between his hard-set teeth. A Homan Catholic priest in charge of a colored congregation in Savannah, says of the 18,000 colored people in that city, only 700 are Catholics, “ Yes,” said a dealer, " I'll give you something for the fair if you’ll have it acknowledged in the papers. The ad vertisement will he worth a good deal more than the goods.” That’s about the size of it. A NewY ork servant girl felt so much remorse after the theft of a teu-dollar bill that she (luew the monejain tin l lire, flood for the national debt; that’s all that appears commendable in tbs' conscientious twinge. An exchange remarks tbatn, great many people find amusement in study ing bill boards. And it may be added, says the Worcester Press, that their num ber is greatly in excess of those who find any amusement in studying board hills. What we want to know is how a child twenty-two inches around can get away with a heaping plate of Christmas good ies twenty-live inches around. We should also like to know just what ought to he done for the child about two hours afterward. — Home Sentinel. Anew theatre, the property of .six wealthy Chinamen, is nearly finished in San Francisco, and will soon open with ninety-two actors and six cooks. They will sleep and eat on the premises, and receive a combined salary of $1,5110 a year, with hoard. To remove a glass stopper, put a drop or two of glycerine in the crevice about the stopper. Set it on one side for an hour or two. When yon do give it a twist yon will he surprised to sec how kindly the refractory stopplu yields to your lingers and how easily it is re moved. The human body expands immensely with age. When eleven young men are seated on one side of a ear, they can easily sit up a little closer to make room for a pretty girl, hut six of them can manage to monopolize an entire side of the ear when an old woman comes in. Hoarseness can he removed tempo rarily by dissolving in the mouth a small piece of borax about the size of a green pea, or about three-fourths of a grain, and slowly swallowing it. It produces a profuse secretion of saliva, and adonis relief. Good for singers or speakers. The benefits of advertising were nev er better illustrated than at Hartford (ho other day. A man went into a newspa per olliee to advertise for a missing end’ and end-button, and in explaining to the sympathizing clerk his theory of how the loss occurred he found he had buttoned both the cud's upon one wrist hand. What's in a name? A Chinaman in San Francisco found there were thirty days. He stole a'Frisco man’s door plate ami fastened it on his own door a an ornament. He didn't know that the name would betray him, as he thought that was merely carved on for the beau ty of the thing. The Chinaman now languishes in the R i-tile, another vic tim to the mysteries of English orthog raphy. Ukstkvction ok Fkkns. —The rage for ferns is now so universal that, if it long eontimu's, the rarer ami prettier kinds will almost disappear. A collector,who knows w hat is going on in the botanical world, says that commissions h:\ve been sent to England to gather live hundred specimens of each of the rare plants of t treat Britain to ho sent to the United States. At that rate plants will soon become so scarce that no one can find them. In some parts of our country by the destruction of forests, the exter mination of birds and the drying up of streams, the inhabitants arc doing all they can to convert whole sections into deserts. $ Mr. K. U. Banos, the actor is new at his home m the northern part ol the city, and his physicians think with three or four weeks’ rest he will be able to re sume his engagements. When he fell upon the stage at Cleveland, suffering, as was then supposed, front neuralgia, he appears to have sustained an injury of the muscles of the log, which, how ever, rest will fully restore. — Vhiladd phia Tinu*. Washington Notes. HI A/, DIt^TSSKt). Associated press advices from Wash iiiSton under date of December -'Jtb, state that at a cabinet meeting to-day the Mexican affairs were the subject of much conversation, though nothing new was presented, and no definite results followed. It is pos sible the question of recognizing Diaz will be formally considered next week. The cabinet also gave attention to the wishes of the Nez I’erces Indians to return to the United States government, and await further advices before final action. CAM MUON AND THK WIDOW. It will be recollected that about a year ago a widow named Oliver brought suit, against Hon. Simon Cameron for breach of marriage promise. Nothing has been publicly known concerning this suit until to-day. It now appears by a statemcnlin the Kvcnhuj Slur that it was abandoned in January i r Feb ruary last, the widow having waived further proceedings in consideration of the sum of *IO,OOO. I.AKIiK DISUniSKMKNTS. Since the passage of the army hill the United States treasury has paid out over thirty millions of currency, the greater portion of which was paid as compensation to officers and men of the army. The treasurer is now paying out over twenty-three millions in gold, on account of interest on the public debt, due on the Ist of January next, making in all over fifty-three million dollars disbursed within the past six weeks. ipXCOI.N TKURITOKY. The sub-committee of the house committee on territories to-day hoard an argument from Delegate Corbett, of Wyoming, in opposition to the bill for the establishment of the Territory of Lincoln. Mr. Corbett based his oppo sition mainly upon the argument that the population of the Black Hills country it not of a permanent charac ter. He also opposed the bill because it provides for including a portion of Wyoming within the boundary of the proposed new territory. TIIK SlOt'X CITY LAND OI'EIOE. Tlio president lias issued an order discontinuing the Sioux City land office and directing its business and archives to bo transferred to Dos Moines, lowa. There are now less than 12,000 acres of public lands in lowa fully subject to disposal by the government. ’ll It. I’ACIITC H All, WAYS, A Washington correspondent under date of Dec. !!oth telegraphs that the first suit of the government against the Union Pacific railroad, brought by di rection of tlu> act of congress approved January 122, 1574, will be called in the circuit court in Boston next week, Tuesday. It may be postponed a week but will probably be decided within a few weeks. This is one of several suits brought against all the railroad com panies which the Pacific railroad bills required should pay o per cent of their net earnings to the government, and the suit against the Pnion Pacific, is for . r per cent of the net earnings from the time the road was completed to the date when the government began to withhold payments to the roads under act of .March !>, 18715. The Union Pacific have made great efforts to have one of the other suits, for instance, that against the Kansas Pacilic, advanced, and decided before its own case. This the government will not permit, since none of the other suit’s cover all the points embraced in this. Till: MEXICAN qi’KSTION. There was a short meeting of the cabinet to-day, at which the Mexican border troubles monopolized attention. Secretary McCrary submitted telegraph ic reports from the officers at the scene of the late riot in KI Paso county, Texas, which state that a careful inves tigation shows that at least one-half of the party of rioters who killed Judge Howard and others and attacked the militia were Mexican citizens. A more detailed report is on its way in the mails, and no action will be taken till it arrives. The United States govern ment can do no more than demand of the Mexican government the punishment of the men implicated in tins riot; but while it makes this demand it must punish its own subjects who were also engaged, and, as the investigation shows were the leaders of the affair. An at tempt will be made to find out whether the Mexican authorities at the place from which the marauders came were aware beforehand of the proposed at tack, and if so, whether they made any effort to prevent it. This affair turns out finally to be the most serious that has yet occurred on the border, and while members of the cabinet do not admit that future trouble of an interna tional character will grow out of it, they are not willing to venture an opinion as to how much trouble can be pre vented. STRENGTH OK THE SII.VEU JIIIX. A careful canvass of the senate, made by correspondence or by person al know ledge of senators’ views, makes it certain that the Bland silver bill can not be passed in the upper house by a two-thirds vote over the president’s ve to unless senators Lamar and Hill should change front, which is hardly probable. The friends of the bill in tend to have the debate on it in the senate commenced immediately after the recess, and they intend to put it through as it came from the holise, without even the amendment giving the government the profit from the coinage. That President Hayes will veto the bill is regarded as certain. - m “ Ladies and gentlemen,” said an Irish manager to his audience of three, “as there is nobody here, I’ll dismiss you all; the performance of this night will not be performed, but will be repeated to-morrow evening.’’