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THERKM 1.1)V FOR MIS(,OV V RN >lll \T.
The Htileofan Aristacraci the Best far the People—VilvatUtnri"* of a (tavern* men) of Oeuflettn'n. W. U. in it; - No: ill At;i ncaii tt-.'viiwv From these extreme evils a country is for the most p art saved by intrusting the managem nit of its alVairs chiefly to the upper classes of the community. A government of gentlemen may be and often is extremely deficient in in telligence. in energy, in sympathy with the poor classes. It may be shamefully biased by class interests, and guilty of great corruption in the disposal of pat ronage, but the standard of honor com mon to the class at least secures it from the grosser forms of malversation, and the interests of its members are indis solubly connected with the permanent well-being of the country. Such men may he guilty of much niisgovermm ut, and they will certainly, if uncontrolled by other classes, display much selfish ness, hut it is scarcely possible that they should be wholly indifferent to the ultimate consequences of their acts, or should divest themselves of all sense of responsibility or public duty. When other things are equal the class which has most to lose and least to gain by dishonesty will exhibit the highest level of integrity. When other things are equal, the class whose inteests arc most permanently and seriously hound up with those of the nation is likely to he tlu> most careful guardian of the national welfare. When other things are equal, the class which has the most leisure and most means of instruction will, as a whole, ho the most intelligent. Besides this the tact, the refinement, the reticence, the conciliatory tone of 1 thought and manner characteristic of gentlemen are all peculiarly valuable in public men, whose chief task i- to re concile conflicting pretensions, and to harmonize jarring interests, Nyr is it ; a matter of slight importance' to the j pcitieal life of a nation or fo the esti- } mate in which a nation is held by its ; neighbors that its govern incut should ho 1 in the hands of men on whom no class ; can look down. Rightly or wrongly, i nations are judged mainly by the politi cians and by their political acts, and when these have ceased to command respect, the character ofa nation in the world is speedily lowered. Those considerations may he carried a step further. All civic virtue, all the heroism and self-saerifioo or patriot ism, spring ultimately from the habit men acquire or regarding their nation as a great organic whole, identifying themselves with its fortunes in the past as in the present, and looking forward anxiously to its future destinies. When thi' members of any nation have come to regard their country as nothing more than the plot of ground on which they reside anil their government as a mere organization for providing police or contracting treaties; when they have ceased to entertain any warmer feelings for one another than those which pri vate interests or personal friendship or it nicer general philanthropy may pro duce, the moral dissolution of that na tion is at hand. Even in the order of material interests the well-being of each gcnentioii is in a great degree depen dent upon the forbearance,self-sacrifice, and providence of those who have nre eeeded it, and civic virtues can never llourish in a generation which thinks only of itself. *• Those will not look for ward to their posterity who never look backward to their ancestors.'’ To kindle and sustain the vital flame (if national sentiment is the chief moral end of national institutions, and w hile it cannot he denied that it has been at tained under the most various forms of government, it is equally certain that an aristocracy which is at once popular and hereditary, which blends and assimilates itself with tin general interests of the present, while it perpet uates and honors the memories of the past, is peculiarly lilted to foster it. Another advantage which should not he neglected in a review <>f the effects of aristocratic institutions is their ten dency to bring young men into active political life. In politics, as in most other professions, early training is of extreme importance, and in a country whose government, is conducted mainl v through the instrumentality of parlia ment this training, U he really eflieient, must include an early practice of par liamentary duties, A young man of energy and industry, possessing the tael and manners of good society, and en dowed with abilities slightly superior to those of the average of men, is likely,} if brought into parliamentary and of ficial life between twenty and thirty, to i acquire a skill in the conduct of public j business rarely attained even by men t of great genius w hose minds and char acters have been formed in other i spheres and who have come late into ! the arena of parliament. The presence I in parliament of a certain number of j young politicians,from whom the lower i offices of administraiion may he tilled,) and who may gardually rise to the fore-1 most places, is an essential condition of the well-being of constitutional gov ernment, and it is one of the conditions which, since the abolition of the nomi nation boroughs, it has become most difficult to attain. Popular election is I in this respect exceedingly worthless. | It may be trusted to create, with a rough hut substantial justice, a repre-1 sentation of public opinion. It may be trusted, but much less perfectly, to se cure some recognition of old services and of matured genius, but an extended constituent y has neither the capacity nor the desire to discover undeveloped talent, or to recognize the promise of future excellence. Hardly any other feature of our parliamentary system appears so ominous to a thoughtful ob server as the growling exclusion of young men from the Louse of corn mons, and. if a certain mnuK'r arc 'till found within its walls, this is mainly iluo to that aristocratic sentiment which makes the younger members of n ihlo families tin- favorite candidates with many cunstituancics. I'here are other consequences which it will he •utlieient simply to enumer ate. Ihe existence of a powerful, in dependent. and connected class, marrv iug with it a dignity, and in many re spools an inlhteuce* fully equal to that ol the servants of the crown, has move than nee proved the most formidable obstacle to the encroachments of des potism; while, on the other hand, in democratic limes, the hierarchy of ranks serves to mitigate the isolation of the throne, and is thus a powerful bul wark to monarchy. A second chain her is so essential to the healthy wan k ing of constitutional government, that it may almost be pronounced a political necessity; and in times when the posi tion of that chamber is a secondary otic, when its leading functions are merely to delay and to revise, it is no small advantage that it should be com posed of men possessing, indeed, gri at local knowledge and inllueuce, but at the same time independent of local in trigues and jealousies and of the trail sient bursts of popular passion. A per manent hereditary chamber has at least a tendency to impart to national policy that character of continuity and sta bility, and to infuse into its discussions the judicial spirit which it is most dilli cult to preserve amid the rapid fluctu ations and the keen contests of popu lar government. It may even very materially contribute to make legisla tion a rellex of the popular will. No matter how perfect may be the system of election, an elected body can never represent with complete fidelity the po litical sentiments of the community. In particular constituencies purely local and pi rsoual considerations continu illy falsify the political verdict. In the coun try at large a general election usually turns on a single great party issue or on the comparative popularity of rival statesmen and hardly a year passes in Which the politicians in whom, on the whole, the county has most confidence do not act on some particular question ! in a manner opposed to the national sentiment. If the question is a sub ordinate one, this divergence does not i make the country desire a change of ministry; and it is extremely diilieult | under the system of party government j to enforce by any less violent means the •national will. ruder these circum stances, a body such as the house of lords, exempt from (he necessity of pop ular election, representing at the same time most of the forms of public opin | ion, and exercising in (he constitution !a l*ud of revising, judicial, and moiler : ating oflice, is of great utility; it is aide j to arrest or retard a particular course of policy, without producing a ministerial I crisis, and it may thus lie said w ithout j a paradox, to contribute to the repre sentative character of the government, j besides this, the peerage enable the i country to avail itself of the talents of j statesmen of ability and experience, who are physically incapable of endur ing the fatigue inseparable from the po sition of a minister in the lower house; it forms a cheap yet highly-prized re ward for great service to the nation or crown; and it exercises in some re spects a considerable refining influence upon the manners of society by coun teracting the empire of mere wealth, and sustaining that order of feelings i and sentiments which constitutes the conception of a gentleman. Nor should , we altogether disregard its minor use in j settling doubtful questions of | ece ! deuce, and making out the natural , leaders for many movements, which 1 would otherwise be weakened by euir ! dieting claims, and by personal jeal | olisies. “Saloon Parlor." I lie very last instance of elegance in language that 1 hoard of, sav> Richard Grant While, is “ saloon-parlor." I first hejird it not used, hut spoken of -only a few weeks ago, and 1 did not suppose that any other person had ever used it hut a pretentions woman, who had passed rapidly not only from poverty, hilt from the coarsest life, to the enjoy ment of wealth and such elegance as mere wealth can bring, and who, throw ing open the door of a great gilded, painted, over-furnished room in anew house which she was showing oil’to a visitor, said, with a flourish, “and this is the saloon-parlor.’’ Hut within a few days 1 received a house-furnisher'■> ad vertisement in which the necessary ar ticles for a “ salofm-parlor " are enumer ated. 1 suppose that what is meant is what in English is called a draw ing room; a name which is quite suflieient for the use of an English duchess or a queen. The new name is worth a pass ing notice because of its illustration of the pretentious vulgarity into which the aspiration for elegance is apt to lead too many aspirants. “Parlor,” meaning a room for conversation, is a good word; “drawing-room." a room into which people withdraw themselves from din ner, is not quite bo good, hut still is good enopgh; hut “saloon” has no proper application to a room in an English or American dwelling-house; and the combination of it with “ parlor ” makes as bad and offensive a phrase as could well he concocted. lUK library at Paris i one of the finest in the world. Jt contains *5,77-1 volumes on Catholic theology, 44,092 volumes on the science of language, 239,402 volumes on law, 08,480 volumes on medicine. 441,8.00 volumes on French history, and 100.072 volumes of poetry. The works on natural science are not yet catalogued.' During I7G, 45,300 French works were added, and 4,565 foreign works to the library. 1 Oiiuint Legend il (ho Rainbow. According to popular belief in Her many, tho extremities of a rainbow always touch streams, whence it draws water by moans of two large golden dishes. Hut i- wh\ it rains for throe 'lays after tho appearance of a rainbow, hoeauso tlm water must fall again on the earth. Whoever arrives at (he right moment on the spot where the rainbow is drinking ean take possession of the golden dish, which relleets all the colors of the rainbow; but if nobody is there, the dishes are again drawn up into the clouds. Some say that the rainbow always lets a dish iail. This once hap pened at Uemlingen, in Suabia. It broke in several pieces, but the I'nuler received a hundred gulden for it At Tubingen people med to run to ibe etui of tin- rainbow, which appeared t>> be resting over the Neeker or theSteinaeh, lii soeure the golden dish. I suallv it is eonsidei ed w rong to sell the dish, w Inch ''tight tt> be kept as an heirloom m the family, for it brings good luck. A shep held in tlie Suabian Alps ( .nee fonn>l such a dish, and he never afterwaul h>st a sheep. An nnft'rtuuate native of lletibaeh, who sold tin- treasure at a high price, was struck dumb on the spot. Small round gold coins, marked with a cross or.star, art-fu'tpn iu \ found in Suabia, and the peasants declare that these were manufactured fiom rainbow dishes by tin Homans when they in vaded lierinany. In the black forest the iainbow used a golden goblet, which it allerward dropped. V shoe thrown into a rainbow comes back tilled with gold. Tin' Servians have a theory that passing beneath a rainbow changes the se\. When a double rainbow is seen Suab ian peasants say the devil would like to imitate the rainbow, but 1 e cannot sue feed. The Ksthonians called tin* rain bow " the Thunder of t tod's sickle." \ theory existed in the Middle Ages that tin' rainbow would cease to appear a certain number of years before the bast Judgment, and Hugo von Trirnber, in an old Herman poem, mentions foity years as the prescribed bine. Tlio Largest Honk in (!h> World. rin' trust cos of tlio British Musoum arc in treaty for the purchase of a copy of tlio largest luiok in the world. To ward the elose of the seventeenth een turv the reigning emperor of t'liiua ap pointed an imperial eommission to re print in one vast eollootion all native works of interest and importance in every hraneh of literature. In the ho ginning of the following century the commissioners completed their labors ami were aide to lay before the emper or a very palpable proof of their dili gence in the shape of a compilation consisting of i‘>,lotb volumes, entitled “Kill ting koo kin too shoo tshioh ehing,” or “An Illustrated Imperial Col lection of Ancient and Modern Litera ture.” Only a small edition was printed oil' in the first instance, and before long the greater part of the copper types which had been east for (he undertaking were purloined by uni nisi worthy ollieials, and the remainder were melted down and coined into cash. Accidents by lire and by violence have considerably reduced the number of copies of the imperial edition orginally printed, and it is believed that only a comparatively few now remain extant. The trustees of (be British Mnsiuni having become aware that one smh copy has lately been ollered for sale at Pekin have en tered into negotiations fdr its pun base and it is much to he hoped that they may succeed in adding this rare and interesting collection to the national library. London Athmomm, An Automatic Horse. Mr, .1. 11. Nolan Inis invented a novel means of locomotion, which the Hoslon Tmmtbr describes us in the form o| an automatic or self-propelling horse, the locomotion being produced by the (the weight, of the rider and the weight i which is carried. The “horse" and its I appliance arc models of mechanical 'duplicity, and any amount, of speed re quired can he secured, in fact it can he made to go a mile faster ihan the fastest trotting horse of the day, A small “horse, capable of carrying a man ten or twelve miles per hour, can he built at (roin fifteen to twenty dollars; small er ones, which can he used by children for amusement and recreation, can he built at from three to live dollars. The “horse can carry considerable weight in addition to the rider. The person sits in position as he would upon the 1 iv• animal, with the feel in stirrups and reins in hand, in which position be can govern the speed and guide the “horse ’at will. There was an exhibi tion made with one of these “horses’’ recently, in a hall in this city, and al though the room was small and un favorable for either speed or ease of lo comotion, a hoy weighing sixty pounds propelled the “horse” at from six to seven miles an hour with the utmost ease. The experiment thoroughly es tablished tin' practical value of the in vention. California Restaurants. California can heat the world on eat ing and drinking places. For years mi ners and their friends lived in tents and ate where they could get a chance. Hating houses became a necessity. As thousands now live in lodgings, the de mand for eating places lias continued. These restaurant* are not only numer ous hut many of them are elegantly lilted up. Trices an; marvelously low. In some restaurants, quite as g< ■teelly furnished as the Parker House or the Astor, a good meal can he had for fif teen cents. Indeed, the price is rcallv nothing. You go info the mum, before you is a fine lunch (aide on which is soup, turkey, ham, roast beef, celery. V well-looking man is readv to serve you. You have what you ask for and no charge. Opimsite is a long bar and over it a placard brinks, fifteen cents. The think carries the place. Other restaurants are run on the twcutx live cent plan that is the price of dinner. Von select from the hill of fare three articles soup, roast beef and pie. The pru t' is twenty fix e cents, a half bottle ot im ported w ine and eeleiA are thrown in. Ihe crowd in these places ; crush mg. slt HitU> flu' /mvj/, >>i ,/onrnu/. Our Internal bommeree. The first annual report t>f the internal commerce of the l ulled Stales, lately published, statss that the value of the railroads of t hi' country is about twenty three times the value of tin' shipping engaged in our foreign commerce; that the value of our internal commerce is twenty-live times the value of our for t'igu commerce; that eightx seven per cent. t>i the grain slopped from tin' west to the seaboard timing the la-1 year was transported on rail lint"-; and that over ninety per cent, of the entire internal eomineret' of the eounlrv is on the railroads. Although the eoulrihu (ions of the government to (In'close of the year IS7T*. in aid of railroad eon st met ion amounted to si t t.OOii.iHHi. embracing laud grants ami subsidies to tin' laeilie railroads, \et tin-, sum is onl\ three pt r cent. of the entire cost of tin'railroad system of the United Stales. Impartial. Count Wrangel. the (ierman general who reet ntly died, was not to !>,- (rilled wit 1 1 . At one time he ordered all the ollieers li> reduce the she and length of their spur-, but the command was not generally complied with. \\ rang'd was exeei'dingly angry, and one dav met a young lieutenant strutting along, with immense spurs on his heels, lie at once ordered him to be imprisoned for three day s. “Hut, your Kxeelleney," pleaded the young ollieer, "forgive my rudeness, and look at your ow n spurs." N\ hall wha 1 said tlie old man, look ing down at bis heels. “ Von are light, unite right. 1 deserve, at least, fourteen days'arrest. While you are about n. you may as well serve seven day s for me. Herr Lieutenant.” The young ollieer gave up the argu ment, and took his ten days' imprison nient with as good grace as possible. The Spirit f Self-Saeiillee. ! The spirit of self-sacrifice is one of the great beauties of holiness. Husband I yielding to wife, wife to husband; | brother to brother; sister to sister; | friend to friend; in great things, but in small, especially, first and foremost, 1 see that the spirit is with you at home; I then carry it abroad into the world. It is a spirit that will sweeten happiness and brighten troubles, and when the soul is ready to wing its (light to its : eternal home, il will have the unspeak able consolation of knowing that il has not lived to itself; that it has left the world happier and belter in some degree than it found it; (lull il has been faithful to its earthly mission. So will il listen with unutterable bliss to the sentence: “ Well done, thou good and faithful ser vant; enter thou into the joy of thy Lordl" Arpnmi. Hensily of Timber. Soil and situation has more to do not only with the density of any given lim iter, than most, people suppose. The larch, for instance, mi a low moist soil will hn spongy, and will ml quickly on 'sandy (inlands, tin roc'iy soils ii will he found dense, and nl the most lasting quality known. It is also extremely 1 1iOi(MiIt to hiini, a most valuable prop erly in some cases. The following (aide, made from what is saiil to have hern actual tests, will show the relative values of a lilllllher of well-known varieties of tiinher. Shell ha rk hickory, 100; pignut hickory, 05; while oak, HI; white ash, 77; dogwood, 75; scmli oak, 7d; while ha/cl, 7“; apple tree, 70; red oak, 00; white beech, 05; black hii'cli, 0“; yellow oak, 00; hard maple, 50; while elm, 5.H; red cedar, 50; wild cherry, 55; yellow pine, 51; chestnut, 52: yellow poplar. 51; hutler nnl, 10; white larch, -Id; while nine. dO, A wumatin (he San Francisco Mail -ays: “The rich Mexican surrounds himself with the comforts of ijfe, ac cording to his own peculiar ideas of comfort. To dress well, and bedeck himself with gold and silver and orna mental trappings, gewgaws, gimmicks, anything pretentions; to make a cigar retie every ten minutes; to cat plain food served with all manner of season ings; to slet p half of the day an ! car ouse tin eCfoiirlhs of the night; to bet all his loose change on cock and hull lights and at three-card monte, arc a few attributes of the Mexican idea of high or luxuriant living. One of the strangest things about the old masters is the rhythmic regularity with which their long-hidden works turn up in unknown places. The discovery of a Unhens in Cincinnati was cupped hv Carracci in New Orleans; now St. J/mi*s has a Tintoretto, and a gentleman re cently returned from Chicago informs ii“ that he saw in a popular har-nrom in that town a placard printed, “Sale of a line nieturc hv Untile,” which lie under stands to he 1 lie Chicago way of spelling the name of the great San/io. St Ijouu JJenutcrul. Young man, bounty fades ns the years go by. Don’t fall in love with a woman simply because she bus a pretty face, Jtemeinher that a wealthy father in-law is better than the rosiest damsel in seven SlaU. t Humor. aii '>; 1 'i;-T u\ tin' savings hanks " bust first anil "go oil" afterwards, Ilonry Cary stole ;i man in Idea, and iho .bulge was obliged to commit Harry I'jUTV. /Wes I \ .st. \t last accounts tlu' now Washington daily still livoil. I’iu'Vi' is something very singularabout tins, /uie/iesfer /Vmi- NN hat is that which takes two to make, is eagerly sought after, and is yet noth ing after all'" V Kiss Vrtemns Ward said of the Monuon itos " fheir religion is singular, but their \\ives are jdural." See here, isn't it rather enrions (hat when Mr. Noah was in the preserving business he put up nothing but pairs? Some vile old tradneer says tl at ftn the peri •>! of a month before marriage, and a month after death, men regard their wives as angels, V hoarding house mistress, like the rest i>l ns, has her weak and strong points the weak point being her eollee and her strong point the butter. It Mrs. .hum Urey Stvisshelm ever catches the Koehester Waavmfont alone the eoroner w ill sing for joy , because his children will have bread. Ilnniriy. The t'herokee nation has a debt of SIS, ,tHH> and hass.alii,titi in the treasury, and yet some folks assert that it is mi possible to eivili/.ethe Indians. Hjmv.t fee /Vtvw. .'oliniiy Haines, of Nevada, was re hearsing his part in a drama called Ham and Kggs," when a gun went oil and caused him to act for the benefit of an undertaker. Ihfixtil Firr I'irss. V modern William fell " Here, U rad pa. let's play William fell, I'll he Mr fell, and von may play you're my son, and stand over there bv the mirror while 1 shoot this apple oil' lour head Xkh oAm. 1 he Hi .union (Miss.) lt('i<uhliixm says: In the good old days that are past and gone, when our farmers lived like princes, their tpieenly wives always sent lisa few links of their savory sausage at hog killing lime. It was the morning before Christman. She: “ .lohn, yon have no idea how 1 hurl my thumb stoning the raisins for the fruit cake." He: "And yon have no idea how I hurt my lingers stoning that infernal cow out of the hack yard. (hi ('if if Ihr rick. ,his| wake up these cold mornings and whisper in our ear: "Hot, donhlo breasted, triple-galvanized, meringue gored, e\lra humpbacked, fulo-ue so pancakes, w ith oleomargerine and N.O. gravy 1 ' Oh'.’ we won't wait to dress thank yon! I'iuk. 'fhe people in a town in lowa wanted a lionring mill, and finally they got it; and they are now very anxious to have a hank established, so that they can borrow money to buy llonr. A lady correspondent says that gills should cease to he kissed by their gentlemen friends when they put on long dresses. We never kissed any body in oiir life, hut we'd just like to know what dill'eretiee the length of the dress makes. Dishonesty often defeats its own pur poses. 'l'liis occurs very forcibly to n mini wlini lie sneaks iluw’ii the alley to net a drink, and meelH Ida pastor jnal com inn out nC the hack door, wiping Ida month will) the hack of Ida hand. Hit 11 i'm JicronH Hie li'iti'licr'a knot', Ids liioniloHl I'lltl till 101 l Ami tin* I curlier burkloa down to work 11 k o n ('opßiirk of I In* Mon ; Win n I In* voice of liio nfllni'iie* ulirlJly “ Huifi I I( Ihm'i fair; I haven't my winter Iro ineni on I" /'uck. The Ifauirn/r haa the detaila ahonl Minialer Welah’a arrival in Kngland. “ The IJueeu,” it aaya, “ met Idm at the train and carried Ida grip sack to the hack for him, and they rode np to the lower together. She (old him to leave hia articles on the porch and come in.” Tommy came home from aelionl, and handed to Ida father the leaeher’a re pot! on Ida progress during (lie month. “This ia very unsatisfactory, Tom; you’ve a very ainall mimher of good markH. I'm not at all pleased with it." I told (In' teacher yon wouldn’t Im, hid he wouldn't alter It.” Colonel Ingeraoll'a hook of aermona doesn't have inueh indnenee on the re ligions aeidimenta of the rural commu nity. It's when a hog weighing 700 pounds turns in and dies with (lie cholera, just while its owner ia refusing the higgeat kind of an oiler for it, that loosens the farmer's graaji on Ida widen faith in Providence. Uawktyr, We h ave a call hell in our private of fice. It is used to call one of our hoys with. At least that ia the popular le gend connected with the article. When we wind one of the hoys, we ring the hell, and then go out in the hack office and hind him tip and tell him of the fact. It always plcaaea him to learn that we have heen ringing. lioMind (hurii'r. '‘Sound,” said the achool-niaatcr, " ia what yon hear. For instance, you cun not feel a sound.” “Oh yes, yon can," said a smart hov. “ Johnny* Wilson,” retorted the pedagogue, “ how do you make that out V What Hound can you feel'/” “ A sound thrashing,” quickly replied the smart hoy. “ Correct,” said the school-master. “Come up.” And that smart hoy felt and smarted. Kven the church-going infants of Toledo are precociously wicked. On a recent Sunday a small child grabbed all the coin on the contribution plate in a church in that city, and had to ho violently shaken before lie could ho convinced that his date of resump tion lud not been reached. —CUrvelatid HeraU.