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IOWA CO. DEMOCRAT.
CRAWFORD & miOTHKU, I’ubUsliora. THUMB, 11.00 per annum, m advance. GENERAL NEWS. Tiik Paris exposition will be opened j in a becoming manner on the first of j May. Tiik coinage of the new silver dollar I of -1124 grains has commenced at. the j .San Francisco mint, Tiik sale of four per cent, bonds by tin; secretary of the treasury amounts to about one mdlion of dollars a week. Tiik Diaz government of Mexico is jubilant over the recognition it has re ceived from the United Stales. Nkw Yoiik and New Kngland arc sell ing short on horses lo till up the de mand of the I British government for cavalry horses. Ik all the property of the ’’oiled Stales was divided equally among the population, each person would gel #27.50 cash and #702.50 in goods. An exchange says it costs the govern ment #I 1,‘17H.25 and thirteen soldiers for each Indian killed. It is to he pre sumed, however, that these arc " war prices," I ,atk Washington advices -tale that the house committee on ways and means has agreed upon an income lax hill which fixes a uniform tax of 2 per cent, upon all incomes over #2,(Hid. ((Oi,p is being paid out in many places in he country along with silver and greenbacks. The legal lender sil ver duller is, however, quoted at a frae (ion above gold and the greenback a fraction below. 'fur. stale of Indiana is soon lo he the tidd of another nolitcal conflict; the politicans are already at work. The state elect a lull deligalion to congress and a legislature, which chooses a sue cessoi to Voorhees in the United Slates Senate, This latter is where the great contest will (urn. 'fur river and harbor appropriation bill, which is likely to pass, appropri ates #7,1 KM 1,110(1, of which Wisconsin gets # 1UK,0(1(1; lowa, #2H,()00; Illinois, $220,000, and Minnesota #IO,OOO. Mich, igan g< ls the most ssf)! ),ll(lt), and New York comes in next for $520,000. New Hampshire gels the smallest sum $ 1. 100, and South Carolina then comes for SO,OOO. Tilt; most convincing evidence we have yet seen of any revival of busi ness is that of the earnings of some of the leading railways of (he country. Tweny-ltwo show earnings for March of I.VH, of #7,105.115, as against (i,!t , .1 , .),0!U for March of 1H77, an increase of $707,012 or over 12 per cent. Seven teen roads show an increase of earnings for the first three months of IS7S, of #2 ,J!7>’l,ooo over the earnings of the first hree months of 1577, Tiik. government of the United Slates has brought suit against the First Na tional Rank, of Madison, Wisconsin, for llu l tax of 70 cents a gallon on .‘>2,500 gallons of whisky, claimed to have been manufactured at the Middleton distil lery by A. Rogers in IS7 I. The ground upon which the hank is held to he lia ble for thi> tax, amounting to #22,750, is that it owned the distillery at the time and Rogers was only a lessee. Comiukssman Woop, who is the cham pion of the proposed new lan IV’law, has succeeded, after a three days struggle, in postponing until May 15th the action of the house of representatives upon the senate resolution to adjourn Mia d/c June 12lh. As the action upon this resolution was made a test of the strength of the larill’ party, the vote is important. The vole to postpone the resolution to May I.sth stood ayes, 12 ( J; nays, It.'!. This indicates that the tarill’ hill will pass the house. FIiAM i: has hwld a numui>oly upon | llio imnmfuetnre ami salt' ol lohaeeo shut IS1•. Napoleon the Great issued tlu> Hi’s I. tint roe retaining to tin' govern ment the exclusive right of this busi ness, ami from it France still derives an immense revenue. The success of the French government in controlling this monopoly has attracted the atten tion of Germany at this late day, and her Kmperor and his advisers are se riously considering the advisability of inaugurating a like movement. From the vast quantity of tobacco consumed in Germany, it is estimated that an an nual revenue of over $100,000,000 might < he derived. ('(uurresshuial Summary. J'i ksoav, April lb. — fs'rtinle. —In tin; senate Senator Ho\ve made another length ly speech in favor of lin resolu tion for mi investigation into tin* moral e.haractur of .lodge Whittaker of New Orleans. At the conclusion of his re marks the resolution wax adopted. A petition was presented for a branch mint in Chicago. The public lands committee, reported a substitute for the bill, a supplementary act in relation to the Hot nprings reservation, Arkansas. Placed on calendar. The vice president appointed Messrs. Mor rill, Sargent, Cameron, (of Wiscon sin), Matthews,Davis, (of Illinois), Ker nan, and Morgan as a special commit tee to consider and report a plan for taking the next census under the reso lution recently submitted by Morrill. The public lands committee! also reported hack the bill to extend the lime for the completion of the Northern Pacific Railroad, and moved that it he referred to the com mittee on railroads. He said the com mittee on public lands had decided to entertain this hill, and had fixed the time for having a discussion on it, hut on intimation from the present attor ney of the Northern Pacific Rail road Company that an understand ing had been arrived at between parties chiefly interested in the two hills now before the senate, that they should both go to the committee on railroads for the purpose of consolida tion into a single bill satisfactorily to both, it was agreed to report the bill hack to the senate: that it should be so referred. It was then referred to the committee on railroads. 'The hill for the relief of certain set tlers on public lands passed. The senate then resumed considera tion of the bill partly considered yester day to incorporate the National Pacific Railroad and Telegraph Company. Mr. Conkhng submitted an amend ment proposing that the road should not have the right of way through any In dian lands. Agreed to. The hill then passes); yeas .T.i, nays it. The senate then went into executive session and soon after adjourned. TIJKSDAV, April 10. 11 mi.if. The Dis trict of Columbia hill for the establish ment of a permanent government was defeated; ayes'dl, nays bit. The house then went into a committee of the whole on the post ollice appropriation hill, and adjourned without action until eve ning. At veiling session about < r o private pension hills were passed and the house adjourned. Wkonksiiav, April 17 Smith'. The senate defeated by a vole of (it) to 17 Huruside’s hill to removeall restrictions, from existing laws, to the enlistment of colored people in the regular army. A resolution to adjourn so/<• ilh’ June huh was adopted unanimously. The follow ing resolution was also adopted /iV.Wrof That the secretary ot the treasury he directed to furnish the sen ate with all information in the posses sion of his department as to Hie total consumption, within the United Stales, of all manufactured articles to which tariff duties apply including those im ported as well as iho.e produced in (his country, with the proportion of each. The morning hour having expired, the senate proceeded lo consider the calendar. The first resolution was (hat submitted by Mr. Vorhees on the loth of December last, declaring it of the highest importance that the financial credit he maintained, and in order to do so the government itself in all its departments should in good faith keep its contracts and obligations entered in to with its own citizens. Agreed to unanimously. After executive session, the senate adjourned. WiaiNKSDAY, April 17. //ease. The house received tin* senate resolution In adjourn xini' ilic June lOlb mid an at tempt In it caused a resort In dila lory motions and aye and nay voles, which cnnlinncd for three hours and (lien a motion In adjourn prevailed. Tunmu.w, April IS. Snuiti.- In the senate Senator tiarland call ed np the senate hill supplementary to the a. I of March dd, 1577, in relation to the Hot Springs reservation, Arkan sas, and it was passed. The hill author izes the president to appoint three com missioners to hold their olliee for one year, to have the same power as the commissioners authorized hy act of March lid, 1577, to determine claims presented under that act, which is eon tinned in force, and appropriates the unexpended ha lance, nine thousand dol lars, to continue the work of the com mission. At the conclusion of the morning business, consideration was resumed of hills on the calendar not ob jected to under the live minute rule. 'Senate then resumed consideration of hills on the calendar in regular order, The following hill was disposed of: senate hill authorizing citizens of Colorado and Nevada territories to fall and remove timber on public domain for mining and domestic purposes. The senate bill in relation to the Pacific railroad, being the funding bill, ' was reported from the railroad commit tee. The hills which still remained on the calendar, were indefinitely postponed. The senate joint resolution supple mental to a joint resolution in relation to international industrial exhibition at Paris being that introduced hy Sann i ders, providing for the appointment of i IS additional commissioners, was indefi nitely postponed The house bill for I the relief of the executors of the estate 'of John S. Miller, deceased, passed. I Mr. Mitchell, from the committee on railroads, submitted a report to accom pany the bill reported from that com mittee yesterday, to extend the time for the completion of the Northern I’a cilie railroad. It was ordered printed and the senate adjourned until Monday. Thursday, April IS.—The house took up the conference commit tee's report in relation to the appoint ment and pay of clerks in the depart ments. It was agreed to during the morning hour. As soon as the conference report was disposed of, the speaker announced that the regular order was the senate adjournment resolution, and the pend ing question was the motion to lay on the table the motion to reconsider the vote by which the house yesterday re fused to refer the resolution to the committee on ways and means. The house refused to refuse to lay the mo tion to reconsider on the table; yeas, 111; nays, 121, Bending further action, Sir. Ellis called up the re solution in regard to the the death of Representative Leonard, of Louisiana. Eulogies on the deceased were de livered by Messrs. Ellis, Ward, Calkins, Kcnna, Cover, Rainey, White and Dunne!, and then the house adjourned. Ekiimy, April Id. Senate. —The sen ate was not in session. Ekidav, Auril lit. -Hume. —The house had another contest of tin* res olution to adjourn nine, die June 10th. The anti-tariff men favored adjourn ment while the tariff’ men who desire the passage of Wood’s tariff hill this session opposed adjournment. Wood finally secured the control of the dem ocratic party vote am his motion to postpone consideration of the resolution until May loth carried; ayes 120, nays I IT; a party vote with the exception of Rainey who voted with the democrats in the affirmative, and Carter, Lntlrell. Clymer, Wright and Bridges who voted with tin* republicans in the negative. The speaker laid before the house an invitation from the sharp shooting union of the United States, to the house, to he present at the festival to he given by them in June next; also a commu nication from the treasury in response to the request of the house giving cer tain information in regard to the tariff bill..Mr. Bnrehard, from the committee on ways and means, reported a hill amending the internal revenue laws. 1 le staled that the bill simply related to the administration of internal revenue and did not elfect the rights of taxa tion. The hill was made the special order for May Ist. The speaker then called on committees for reports of a private nature. A number of hills were considered and a few passed; among the latter was one to increase the pen sion of Gen. Shields to $1(10 per month. Congress mill Mu* Ibtilroads. The decisive vote iii the Mi nute in fa vor of tin; Iiil! of the judiciary commit tee protecting the rights of the govern ment in its relations with the Baeilie railroads is a subject of public congrat ulation. The majority eomiirised the weight of the senate, although, as on every threat i|iiestion of the session, the (lallv lines Were disregarded. Of the forty votes, there Were eleven re publican and twenty-nine demo cratic, and of the nineteen oppos ing voti s, thirteen were repnhliean and six were democratic. 'The cleverest ad vocates of the railroad side were Messrs. Matthews and Blaine, while Messrs, in Imnnds, Thurman, and Bayard urged with great ability the argument of the government. It is understood that the lobby arrayed against the bill of the committee was tin 1 ablest known in Washington, and Senator Kdmnnds spoke of it in the severest, tone as ac tually obtruding itself upon the senate. There was a general conviction that it had hesitated at nothing, and the de feat of the hill wi mid have left a shadow upon the good name of the senate which could not he readily removed. Without some such legislation as this hill provides it is very doubtful whether the debt of the roads to the govern ment would have been paid. The bill compels the roads to put aside a certain proportion of their net income as a sinking fund finally to pay the debt. The reason and justice and expediency of this course have been plainly staled in Ihi' arguments of the senators advo cating it. And apart from the merits of the particular case, the struggle has been regarded as a test of the power of enormous corporations over congress. The railroad revelations of the last few years have ruined many congressional reputations, and have shown how insid ious and fatal to manly honor and in dependence the inlhtence of great cor porations may be. In his eulogy upon Mr. Seward before the legislature of New York, Mr. Charles Francis Adams said that he was ashamed to be obliged to state that Mr. Seward was pecuniari ly honest, that lie did not use his public position, directly or indirectly, for his own private pecuniary advantage. But he thought that the time had come when it was necessary to say so. A se verer thing could not have been said, i But no one who bus followed closely the i history of public subsidies to great cor porations can doubt that Mr. Adams I was justified in saving so. Ilarjur'* Ur, kin. KiMMMirairiiiir, How encouraging it is to a young man, just thinking of matrimony, as ho walks along tho stroot, ami soos a lone, loan man emerging from the front door, at the velocity of a mile a minute, with out a hat. his shirt bosom besmeared with stove blacking, Ids buttons oil’ his clothes, minus one boot, humming. " Pull for the shore, chiklrcu," and as he strikes the sidewalk, he encounters a broom, a small stove, a few trying pans and a little baby's chair, and just hears somebody on the inside singing. “ Where's a will, there's a way." A V.vskkk humorist was giving an account of his experience as a hotel keeper. " Hid you clear anything to il ?" asked a listener. " I cleared a six rail fence getting away from the sher iff," was the answer. Foreign News. TUB COKOIIESS. St. Petersburg advices under date of April-2nd state that the German and Austrian ambassadors at the Russian imperial court give it as their settled conviction, that the congress will now assemble. This information was ol>- taincd from interviews had on Satur day evening with the two ambassadors by a prominent diplomatist at the St, Petersburg court. KNor.isn ntKss ineasy. London telegrams of the 22nd inst., state that in spite of nogotiationu con cerning the simultaneous withdrawal of the English fleet and Russian forces from the neighborhood of Constanti nople, the prevailing feeling of the Eng lish press is one of great uneasiness. J i is noticeable, ihiit all Berlin specials to the English papers arc couched in a very despondent tone. They dwell upon difficulties which will he encounter* and in settling dotailsof any scheme for the withdrawal. Vienna correspondents write in the same tones; one says the aspect of .1 flairs is neither heller nor worse. The fact that the Russians did not reject the idea of withdrawal to Adrianoplc and that negotiations have been pending on that basis shows that they would set great value on the withdrawal of the British fleet beyond the Dardanelles; still, as Besika Bay is only about twelve hours’ sail from Stamhoul, and while Adrianoplc is at least three days’ forc ed march distant, the Russians thought they would ho placed at a disad vantage. Some arrangement was made by which, in the event of an outbreak of hostilities, some priority of move ment was allowed. Then this seemed to raise the whole question of the equivalent to eight, given by the Rus sians for the withdrawal of the fleet; nor is it clear whether their claims have created the istumbling block which can not he surmounted. There arc also indications of other difficulties. Thus, even if the congress meets, months may probably pass before it solves all the questions before it, and if the Turks meanwhile evacuate the various points in accordance with the treaty of San Stcfauo, and Russia proceeds to carry out the various constitutional re forms prescribed therein, the congress will every day ho confronted by some new-accomplished fact, hut liio Rus sians arc nut likely to stay the execu tion of Ihe treaty until after the con gress, as that would he direct admission of the right of the powers to revise the treaty. THE TI KES. Constantinople advices under date of April 21sl say that many things warrant the supposition that the Turks would light to keep the Russians out of Constantinople, they have not distinctly made no their minds to do so. But admitting a theatrical intention i on ihe part of the Turks to resist Rus sian ordination, it docs nutappear that IK),(100 Ottoman soldiers around the capital are an insuperable harrier n> surprise. The Russians know very well that if they wait to make a coup ile main until war is declared, the chances against them will he much heat icr than if they make it beforehand. They have every thing at their command—force, money, diplomacy and intrigue. It does not require a very lively imagination to conceive how, when Russia has made tip her mind that it is necessary to come into Constantinople, she will se cure her prize. KESTI.ESSNKSS IN THE KI SSI AN I AMI' is increasing every day, The temper of the whole camp is one of almost ir repressible fietfuluess. Anything is better than to sit still, rotting in tilth, dreaming vainly of home, and watching death sowingand reaping; and accord ing to reports which I believe to he true, the peaceful spirit has lied from the camp, and the idea of war is again welcome. With this spirit abroad — andas far as 1 can learn it is not con lined to the less lellectivc or irrepres sible ranks of the army—it must not he overlooked that the temptations to a roup <h iiinin arc very great. sot so piamri,. London advices, of the L'dth inst., say thorn is no advanoo toward an agree mont for tlio meetof the interna tional congress. It was behoved Unit tin' invitation front Germany to the other great powers to attend the con gress to decide what modifications of the treaties of IS, a; and 1871 were now nec essary would he a. compromise that both England and Russia could accept. A Merlin correspondent (telegraphs that Russia expressed a willingness to attend the congress on such an invitation, but that England declined to do so except upon her original terms, namely: that Russia should submit the whole treaty of San Stefano for discus sion. If tin s news should prove 1 correct, there will be small hope that ! the congress will meet, or that an Anglo-Russian war can he prevented, ! though it may still be greatly delayed. ! Russia already begins to show dissatis j faction w ith the situation, and is likely ' to send an ultimatum to Turkey rela i live to the evacuation of Hatouni and Varna. Should Turkey refuse to give | up these ports immediately, it is prob able that she would have England's | support in her refusal, hut there could then bo no farther hope of peace, since Russia would at once move upon the Bosphorus at Kavak and Huyukdcre, 'and possibly upon Constantinople. AT ST. I'ETEUSIU’UO. St. Tetersburg advices of the -Oth say anew term has occurred in the nego tiations. One correspondent says flatly 1 that Germany proposed that the eon- I gross should bo summoned to revise the ! treaties of 18o<3 and 1871. Russia ac | copied the proposal, but England has rejected it, and again insists on her original conditions. It now remains to bo seen whether the dispute might not he settled by a preliminary conference. NO CHANGE. London advices of April IDth state that the situation presents no marked change, for, although there are many circumstantial rumors as to the meet ing of a preliminary conference to arrange for a congress, there is nothing definitely decided on either point. I’rgcnt efforts are in progress to induce Russia to withdraw her troops from the vicinity of Constanti nople on condition that the Engli h licet shall retire to Rosika Ray, and, should such an agreement he reached, there could ho no doubt that it would add greatly to the prospect of a peace ful solution of the diflieultirs between England and Russia. The downfall of the late Turkish prime minister is fa vorably regarded by Russia, and it is possible that the present min istry will consent to an imme diate evacuation of Raloum and Varna, for which Russia has pressed the portc so earnestly, recently. Unco in pos session of Varna, only ten hours’ sail from Constantinople, Russia would not probably object to withdraw her troops from the neighborhood of Constantino ple, since that locality is now very un healthy, while she would still be much nearer Constantinople than the En lisb at Resika Ray. Queen Victoria has issued a proclamation forbidding the exportation of torpedoes from Eng land, and this action, taken in connec tion with the embarkation of Indian troops for Malta, is considred as con tradicting the general impression that progress had been made toward a peace ful settlement. It is generally believed here that little of importance will occur until after the close of the Easter festi vities, and that the situation will he practically unaltered for a week or ten days. THAI COSOUKSS. London advices under date of April I'.Uli, say that ihc powers have agreed to Bismarck's sug gestion that the ambassadors at Berlin should hold a conference to arrange the course of proceedings at the proposed congress, the time of meeting, etc. The respective governments have hern for mally requested to instruct their am bassadors accordingly. WAU MKASCUKS. London advices of the isth stale that England has dispatched a force of na tive troops from India to Malta. It is believed that this is one of the most ominous steps yet Liken by the govern ment. It is claimed to be only a pre cautionary measure, hut there is no doubt that Europe will regard it as a direct menace to Russia. The number of troops is insignificant,—about 7,000, hut it is on that account ridic ulous to call the movement precaution ary. No alarm would have been created had 7,000 English troops been sent there, for, in the present situation, it would be unreasonable a strong force should be held in icadiness at Malta. The significance of this order consists in the fact that only native, troops are to go. It is equivalent to notification to Russia that England is able ami ready to draw a large army from her Indian depend encies for active operations in Europe. Not only does England thus boast of her capacity to meet the Russians with nearly an equal force in Europe, but she makes light of Russia’s designs upon India. This movement of Indian troops is undoubtedly one of those steps which Lord Derby said had been the principal cause of Ids resignation, and it is very significant that such decisive action should have been kept secret until par liament was no longer sitting. Canada Pacific Hallway. In a recent debate at Ottawa, Hon. D. 1. Macpherson a very influential senator from Toronto, expressed him self as follows: “ Hon. Mr. Macpherson said his views had never changed on the subject of the Pacific railway. He had always believed and believed now that an all rail route was too great an undertaking for this country to enter upon at the present time. His policy was that the railway should bo begun at Pembina and carried west across the prairies as far a-- our circumstances would permit He would not disapprove of a railway being built from Bat Portage, or some other point on Lake of the Woods, to Bed river, but he thought that would be sufficient east of Bed river, while he considered it a gross blunder to build a railway from Lake Superior to Red river at all. He was of opinion that the central portion should be built first, as otherwise the two ends would be of no use whatever. To propose such a , thing as to build a railway across the ] continent in the present circumstances .and the country was in the last degree reprehensible on the part of the govern i ment and sufficient to destroy our ' credit in Kngland.’' On the 17th ami 18th of May next, there will he held n Leavenworth, Kan., under the auspices of the grand army of the republic, with the cooperation of the citizens of Leavenworth, and the assistance of the military at Fort Leav enworth. what is expected and what promises to he the greatest reunion of old soldiers since the war. A commit tee of prominent citizens and officers of the different posts of the grand army in the State have the matter in charge. Tiik Smithsonian Institution has just received a salmonweighing 281 pounds, caught oh Saturday last in the Dela ware river, at Trenton. This is be lieved to have derived from a stock of salmon eggs presented hy the German government m 1878 to the United States fish commission, of which about d.oOO w'-re successfully hatched out and placed in the Delaware river.