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IOWA CO. DEMOCRAT.
OIIAAVifOUD & BROTHER, I'nblUhcrs. TKIIMS, ll.no par annum, In advance. GENERAL NEWS. Tub legislatures of Ohio and I’ennsyl vania expect to adjourn w’w dla about the last of May. Tut; son of Secretary Kvarls, who came home from California sick recent ly, died in Washington on the 2(ilh, instant. Bkukikn Spuinos in Michigan is des cribed as the •'loveliest village of the plain;” it. has no lawyer in it. I lon. ( 'oi.ks Bahiiioiio ex-Oov, of Wisconsin ami ex-secretary of Arizona territory died in Arizona April 2olh. I’oHTMASTEtI Hknkuai, Kkv and party, who were on a visit to Havana, have returned to Washington, after consum ing over two weeks in making (hat ten days visit, A Wahiiinuton telegram says the New York syndicate has taken already lift ecu million of the fifty million li-per-ci nt. bonds to he taken prior to January Ist, IK7'J. A ntmuku oftiermau bankers met in Berlin on the 201 h to take into consider alio i the practihilily of floating another Russian loan of fifty million roubles and unanimously refused to do so. Til JO test case of Hall, of Chicago, against the I’ennsylvania railway com pany for SB,OOO worth of wood burned at the I’ittshurg riots, has been sub mitted to the judge for decision. <n this case depends the liability of the railway company for a million and a half of properly destroyed during the riot. Till.; house committee on civil service has agreed to report a hiH and recom mend its passage eHectiug claims against the government. It provides that all claimants shall (ilea hill in the court of claims and the attorney-gen eral shall appear and plead thereto as provided in certain cases now. When any issue of fact is joined the court is to find the facts appearing from the testimony before it and report its Tmd ings to congress, with its opinion as to the determination which should he made, (longress is not to consider or allow any private claim until it has been heard and reported upon by tin l court of claims. All claims are to he presented within six mouths from the passage of this act. if this hill be comes a law congress will he relieved of an immense amount of business and a great saving of expense w ill he ellccled. At llii' i’reshytorian ministers associ ation ul I’ltlshurg recently, a minister roml an exhaustive paper upon tin- e.x peiisiveuess of fuuderals, It was writ ten with llm design ol making hurial ceremonies unostentatious, and was full of good sense. The writer dwell on the fact, that funerals are oppressive in their cost, and threw (he hlame upon fashion, which makes necessary expensive burial caskets, long lines of carriages and useless Moral decorations. Some of this display is due originally to the weakness and vanity of mourners, hut a great ileal of it, is doubtless a mere mailer of professional development among undertakers, who have devoted themselves to the subject of improving burial pomps and ceremonials and take advantage of the apathy often found in the bon e of grief to indulge in (heir artistic tastes regardless of costs. Tin; latest London news, although of an uncertain nature, is to the i licet that there will be no war. At London it is believed that Russia will not engage in another war if it can he avoided, and the men of wealth in Kngland do not favor war. The real feeling is that Kn gland must at some timeorother make a stand against Russian advances in the blast and that this is as good a time as she is ever likely to have. Mere antip athy to Russia may also have some weight, but it is not a powerful force with the bulk of the people. Nor is there any sympathy whatever with Turkey, whose misrule and breach of faith in all her engagements have left her almost w ithout a friend except Mr. Layard, who undoubtedly is very nearly as strong a friend of the I’orto as the Sultan himself. Most people who are not carried away by strong feeling on one side or the other are very anxious to sei‘ peace maintained. It is easy enough to say that Kuglaud could easily beat Russia, but it may w ell be doubted whether it is desirable that the country should be subjected to the heavy strain of a foreign war. Congressional Summary. Tuesday, April 2.'!, — Samite. —Tho senate had a struggle over the rending of Cox’h protest against the passage of the river uud harbor hill. Tho protest was finally read. After the morning hour the senate took up the hill to ex tend the time for the completion of the Northern I’aeitie railway and after the hill was amended in a few unimportant noiiits, it was passed without a division. Tlhe senate went into executive session and soon adjourned. Tumsiu v, April 2!5. Ifoimr. The house had another all day fight over the river and harhor hill, and after four and a half hours in angry dehate upon the subject of receiving the protest of 2d mcinhcrs against the passage of the liver and harhoi hill the house decided against receiving it. A motion to spread the protest upon the journal was also iost. The house then adjourned. W dunks day, April 21.— Srimlr. The senate was occupied during the session upon the private calendar ami a few hills nf unimportant nature. The hill passed appropriating the $201),000 for public printing and also the hill appro prialmg SI,OOO for extra clerk hire in the stale department. After an execu tive session the senate adjourned. Wl-a >NKSPAY, April 21 llollm’. -Tile house proceeded to tin* business on the speakers table and soon reached Tmir iiihii’h J’acilie railway sinking fund hill which came over from (lie senate. Mul ler spoke against the hill for two hours when a vote was taken and the bill passed the house as it came from the senate by the overwhelm! ig vote of 212 ayes to 2 nays. The house then took up the senate hill fora repeal of the bankrupt act hut adjourned before a vote was reached. Tiipksdav, April Snmlr. In the >(■111111' tin* conference eom mitl.ee on the Mil lo provide for deli eieneien in the appropriation for ser viecsof the government for the current nun prior fiscal year, Kiilnnilted a re port in explanation of the report, said it was signed by two members of the committee mi the part of (he Hcnate, and two on the part of the house, as agreed on the appropriation for print inn for the interior department had I teen reduced from forty thousand lo thirty thousand dollars. The senate conference receded from the appropri ation of S7o,<HKt for a public schedule of the District of Columbia; and also the appropriation of s‘_’d,(td(l for the Hay den survey. They also receded from (In l appropriation of s7,ftlo to ascertain the depth of water and width of chan nel secured and maintained at the South I 'ass of the Mississippi river; and $ I S,( M)(I for print inn- Altera long debate the report of the conference committee was agreed to; yeas, nays, Id. Mr. Matthews submitted a resolution directing tin l secretary of war to report to the senate what amount had been expended for tin l improvement of the Fox and Wisconsin rivers, how much it. will cost to complete the work, how much was paid for right of way, attor neys fees. He. He asked for the pres ent consideration of tin l resolution, hut it was objected lo by Mr. Cameron of W’is., and it was laid over. Mr. Cameron, of I’a. moved that the senate adjourn till Monday next: yeas, !1S; nays, IS. The senate,at fnlo I*. M. adjourned till that day. Timuspay, April ‘Jo. //oase. Imme diately after reading of (be journal the speaker announced the regular order to lie consideration of the senate bill for the repeal of tin* bankrupt law. Mr. McMahon, who bad charge of the bill, stated that at the end of two hours’ dis cussion, be would demand (he previous question. Mr. Kelly hoped the bouse would not second the previous question but that it would allow an extended discussion to be had on tin* bill. After seven hours debate the i previous question was carried. The question was then taken *m the passage of the tcnale bill as amended and it was passed. Veas'JOtl; nays;! I ,*. The following is the bill as amended The bankrupt law approved March li, ISt'n, title ill, revised statutes, and an i act entitled an act to amend and sup jdcnicnl an act entitled an ad to eslah- i iish a uniform system of bankruptcy throughout the t inted Stales,approved March if. lSt>7, and for other purposes approved .bine‘J'J, IS7I, and all acts in the amendment or supplementary thereto or in explanation thereof, he and the same are hereby repealed; Pro vided that such repeal shall in no man-1 i ncr invalidate or atlect any case in bank ' rnptey instituted and pending in anv court prior to the da\ when this act shall lake elTeel, but as to all such 1 pending cases, and all future proceed ings therein, and all penal actions and I criminal proceedings arising therein. 1 the acts hereby repealed shall continue ! in full force and clVcct till the same' shall be fully disposed of in the same manner is if said acts had not been re pealed. The house then adjourned. Fuioav, April *jr>. .Via it?. The senate I was not in session. Fuioav, April‘J7. //ease. The house spent the day on the post-ollice appro priation bill, and passed it. The ap propriations committee withstood the i attacks better than had been expected, i Die committee of the whole increased 1 the bill $-l!ti,(HHt, but the actual increase, when passed, was but $7)0,01*0. The! bill, as originally reported, recommend- 1 ed tjsW.OOO.md which is a reduction of about S*OOO,(HH* over the appropriation I for the current fiscal year. There 1 was an animated discussion on the sul>- ! jecl of letter-carriers. Cannon, of j Illinois, desired to have the aggregate i amount for letter carriers increased to ! S'J.OOO.iHH*, without increasing the pres ent salaries. There was an earnest de j bate upon this subject, in which Hen. Hanks. Representatives O Mel, Kellev, and Ward participated. They ail j v oca ted the cause of the letter-carriers. representing that they were the hardest-worked and poorest-paid .serv ants of the Government. All proposi tions to increase the appropriation for the railway postal service were rejected. Foreign News. I'KKI'AIMN'O KOKTIIK CONFI.KT. The London Tivitu of April 119th con tains a dispatch from St. Petersburg staling that there is some truth in the report that Germany lias withdrawn from the position of mediator between England and Russia, and i’rinee Bis marck is now endeavoring to secure the neutralization if the Baltic in the event of war. These dispatches, taken in connection with a Time* dispatch from Vienna to the (‘fleet that Austria is de termined to lake immediate and for cible possession of Bosnia and Ifeize govinia, creates an impression in Lon don that all efforts to prevent war has been abandoned by both Germany and Austria. aistuia’s kksoi.vi;. A special telegram from Berlin, under date of April 99th, stales that Austria is resolved to take immediate and for cible possession id' Bosnia and ller/.e govinia. ai'stuia's position. London advices under date of April 97th say the newspapers this morning take a discouraging view of the course of political negotiations. They claim to see in Austria’s changing altitude a desire to wait in hopeful silence to see what they may profit in the calamities and weakness of the combatants. The Jhnlii Am* says: ‘•ft is time to give up all illu sion respecting Austria’s interference in the present strife. Her government has long ago made military prepara tions on the borders of Bom in and I ler /."govina, in anticipation of war be tween England and Russia, and will watch its developments, gel what it can, and congratulate itself on having done so without lighting. It will he glad if we help its designs, hut will owe us no thanks.” A Vienna correspon dent says, in confirmation of Ihe fore going utterances, that, nolw ilstand ing various denials, it is main tained that the Austro-Uiissian negotia tions at Si. Petersburg are proceeding favorably, and that the chief objections of Austria against the peace of Han Sic fa no have met with due consideration. NA V AI. I'UKI'AUATIONS, It is reported from (’imtliiim Unit :i powerful inmclad squadron will lie im mediately prepared, to lie in readiness for operations in the Baltic. TIJOOI'S I'UOM INDIA. Advices from Bombay under date of April -7111, slate that troops are ar riving there daily for embarkation. The first detachment will leave for Malta April JO, and the second May Ist. They will not stop at Aden. Fifteen ships and twelve steamers have hern en gaged for the conveyance of the expe dition, which will he conveyed by a man-of-war. (treat enthusiasm is man ifested throughout India, a nil troops are volunteering for service. WAI! I’l.DIDs, Vienna advices under date of April 'J(>11 1 state that all negotiations have failed, and that it s a question only of days lor an outbreak of wa r between Kurland and Russia. The formidable attack of tin 1 Turkish insurgents and irregular troops upmi thoßussiana in (he Rhodope Mountains in Ronmelia has called forth a eoinaiunieatioii from the (fraud Jhike Nicholas to the L’orte, re quiring the Tirkish govern ment to suppress it, 'ami this insurrection undoubtedly has Inal much to do with the failure of the negotiations for the simultaneous withdrawal of the Russian and English forces from the vicinity of Constantinople. The porle has sent peremptory orders fur the evacuation of Balomn in deference to the wishes of I the Russian commaiider-in-ehi('f, hut it 1 will be ilillicult, if not impossible, to in- | duee tin' Turks to Drill against other Turks at Russian dictation. MOVINIi INTO I.INK. London advices under date of April j Jdtli stale that unless negotiations shall ! have reached a more satisfactory stage j than can now be hoped for, I have on . good authority that the Knglish govern- | ment has said its last word, and that its j policy now is to continue to strengthen its forces and prepare for war. Large i quantities of shrapnel shell -missile) which are used sob ly Against troops in open Held action are being sent to the | Mediterranean licet, and cables for ad ditional telegraph lines in the Sea of Marmora are to he laid at once, it is aho expected that the naval reserves will soon be called out, as a contract for uniforms for 10,000 men was made yes terday, and marked urgent. It is not improbable that some more warlike ac tion may be decided upon at the cabi net council next Monday, but England’s present attitude is that of armed watch fulness. \ OI.OOMY OI'TI.OOK. A Vienna special of April I’oth states that tlic feeling there is that war be tween Kngland ami Russia is iuovital'le, hut (hat Austria w ill uiaintaiii an armed neutrality. 'lhe negotiations for with drawal of the Russian troops and the Kuglish lleet from the vicinity of Con stantinople might have been successful hut it was found that, should the con gress prove a failure, Russia would he uuahle to resume her present military position from the fact that Turkey would have a powerful army of not less then It 10.000 men defending the approaches to Constantinople. No means could he devised for guarantee ing that the Turks would allow the Rus sians in reoceupy the present lines, and therefore the negotiations are tem porarily in abeyance. It has been simultaneously necessary to arrange the terms upon which the congress should meet, and to settle the line of de marcation in case of the withdrawal of the troops and fleet, but since England insisted upon her original demand for the submission of the whole treaty of Han Stefuno, and since Russia, has shown no signs of yielding on this point, there is little reason to hope for any agreement. Russia and Roumania are already on the verge of hostilities, and there is severe fighting going on in Roumelia between the Russian troops and a large body of Turkish irregulars; so that the situation is not very prom ising for Russia. Even if the congress should meet, it docs not insure Ihe cer tainty of a peaceful settlement, and the opinion is gaining ground that war be tween Russia and England cannot he avoided, although many weeks may pass before hostilities begin. noru sick. London advices say the illness of both 1 Vince Bismarck and Prince Gortscha koff cannot fail toafl’ect unfavorably the negotiations for meeting of the congress on a compromise basis. It is even stated that all efforts at mediation have failed, and that there is less hope of a peace able solution of the Eastern question tl lau there was two weeks ago. l IOkKORS OK nUIAiAKIA. Peru correspondence of April 941 h, shows that the Mussulman insurrection is formidable. It engages 80,000 Rus sian troops, and extends over an area of 10,000 square miles from between Tartar-Ba/ardjik and Phillippopolis to Gumuldseina and Tchermen. The in surrection was caused by the intolerable oppression of Ihe Russo-Bulgarian regime, and was brought to a head by the abduction of Turkish women by Bulgarians. Gannon and musketry firing are heard daily near Tchermen. A sanguinary and indecisive engage ment was fought near Demoticaon the 1 Sl h hist., in which the Russians lost 500 men, including <S officers killed. The commander of Demotion has asked for reinforce incuts, and 9,000 infantry and two sotnias of Cossacks have been sent from Adrianople, The demand for reinforcements greatly reduces the garrisons at Adrianople and Plnlip popolis. 1 A KIND VKNOKANI'K. The situation in Bulgaria is regarded as very significant, and some papers believe it may accelerate the course of the negotiations. It is manifest the Bulgarians are taking terrible revenge for the 'Turkish outrages of ’7(3, and the whole country may fall again into an archy ami bloodthirsty reprizal. The Musselmeii are goaded to despair by the tyranny of their former vic tims. 'The country is full of refugees from scattered armies and dis banded garrisons of Turks, these ft rm nucleus of insurrection, and they are joined by inhabitants of Mnssnlmen villages and carry on a guerilla warfare against the native Christians and Rus sian troops, thus, though peace is nom inally established in the East, anarchy reigns in Bulgaria as it did before the war. 'The Insurgents are not lighting for 'Turkey against Russia, hut say they are only lighting for their own lives and honor. lU SStAN views. Advices from St. i’elerslmrg, under date of April J4th, state that the sugges tion for a preliminary conference has been adopted in principle. An agree ment seems assured in regard to the time required for the withdrawal of the Russian army and British fleet to Adrianop’.e and Besika Bay respectively, 'The British Cabinet, however, is raising other dillieulties in connection with the passage of the Dardanelles and the sub mission of the entire treaty of San Slofano to the congress, 'The conviction gains ground that it is determined on wa r. -♦ • Tilt; WIDOW OLIVER. She Moves I'pon (he Works of the Vener able Simon Cameron. Wiisliingtiiii Post. Yesterday the Widow Oliver's attor neys tiled tin l following important doc ument in the supreme court of the district: Si I’HKMi. ii ui' of His runt or I'm i Min>. i The V.'il ituy ol'April. V D iss f lithrmi Miny s '. Olhrr, jiicinliff', mid C intiiniti , ih/nulavt —At tuir, \n. 17,* !*•'(I, dockrl 21. — ('. mies! the plaint ill' in the above entitled cause and now here i moves the court to order the defendant in said cause to produce in and before said court, to the end that the same I may be read on the trial of said cause,! all the letters written hy said plaintiff to said defendant during the years A. I>. 1574, IS7o, and ls7t, and especially I those written by plaintiff to defendant | anterior to that certain one written hy i defendant to phuntiti', which is now iii plaint id's possession and bears date] Harrisburg. September ‘Jo, 1870, and | contains an absolute promise of mar- ’ riage by and from defendant to plain-! till’; also, all letters written by said de fendant to said plaintiff during said ) years, especially each thereof that eon-) tabled a request from defendant to plaintitfthat plaintiff should write her answer to the letter containing such re- 1 quest upon the same paper upon which the defendant's particular letter con taining such request was written and upon which, in response to each such request, plaintiff did write her answer, and return same, with her answerthore to. to said defendant, and which were duly received hy di fendant. And as in duty bound, plaintiff will ever pray. M vuv S. Oi.ivki:. ’The terrible epistle written hy Simon to tin 1 widow from Harrisburg on the Jot!. of September, 1870, is the docu ment upon which the nlaintitf found tier fondest hopes. It i- said by those 1 who have seen it to be convincing a well as convicting. SENATOR CAMERON'S FIANCEE. Antecedents of the Family from Which the Bride Is Chosen-• Their Quiet Home in Cleveland-The Brothers and Sis. ters. New York tirai<liic. Senator Don Cameron having escaped a step-mother only to come soon into possession of a mother-in-law. it may interest the general public to learn something of the home and the family of which he becomes a part at as early a date as May hth, if current rumor counts for anything. The father of the prospective bride, Judge Charles r l. Sherman, spent most of his life in Mansfield, where Secretary Sherman still possesses a house and farm, and was raised as a lawyer of ordinary ability, with no chance of escaping the routine of country court work unless some special dispensation should occur in ids behalf. About 1807 such an event did result from his having one brother in the United States senate, and another at the head of the army, and Charles became a United States district judge, with his headquarters at Cleveland. It was rumored when the appoint ment was made that the judge would bring a very excellent wife, much bis junior in years, and an amiable family to Cleveland, and the expectation was soon after lik'd. Four daughters and two sons com posed the household, and of the six Miss Lizzie, then a child of ten or eleven, was the youngest and the prettiest. Of thi' daughters, Miss Mary, now the wife of Gen. Nelson Miles, the Indian fighter, was the oldest; Miss Anna, who has since died of typhoid fever, was the next, and Miss Lida, now the wife of Colgate Hoyt, of this city, came third. The elder daughters immediately took the place in society that their beauty, accomplishments, and the position of their father entitled them, and won devoted attentions from the young beaus about town, while Miss Lizzie went to school, where she industriously struggled with her tasks, thrummed away at her music lessons, and laid the foundations for the accomplishments that will grace and adorn the high posi tion to which she has been called. The sons wore early looked upon ns sensible, well-behaved boys, but not in tended to shine brilliantly in any career. One of them Harry, soon branched into the law, and at present is practicing that profession in partnership with Judge Willey, in this city. He was as sistant United States attorney in this district during a term or so, and soon after arriving here was married to a daughter of the lateOeorge A. Benedict, the veteren editor of the Cleveland liq uid. The other son, named after the sec retary, is at present a United States marshall in Mexico. The boys are un like in appearance, Henry being tall and slim, with the glasses and air of a of a student, while John is short and thick-set, and carries a business air into all he says and does. The first marriage in the family oc curred some six or eight yeti's ago, when the gallant (Jen. Miles had made an onslaught on the affections of Miss Mary, and won the day with a touch of his later dashing qualities in the Indian line. 1 think he was a colonel in those days, but being a favorite with Gen. Sherman, stood in the direct line of pro motion, and his chances were in no way retarded by this alliance, as it is a Sher man trait always to do well by their own. His visits to the city were fre quent, but were generally so short so ciety had no chance to lionize him. The wedding was conducted in exten sive style, and was the local sensation for the time. The daughters are all ladies in the real sense of the word, and Miss Lizzie particularly so. She goes to her new sphere heart-free of all entanglements previous to this one, although having always won devoted attention from the steriu r sex, which she accepted as com pliments and repaid by politeness. The coming wedding, which is the cause and excuse for all this gossip, is the one event talked of here. May IHh, as has been said, is the day set, although no one need be surprised if a change should even yet be made. The proba bilities are that the half-determination now formed to have the ceremony quiet and witnessed by only members of the Sherman and Cameron lanuly will be changed, as there are so many eyes anxious to catch a glimpse at the won ders to be displayed in the toilet line, to say nothing of a live United States senator thrown into the bargain, that the family idea will be given up, and tin' broad portals of St. Paul Kpisconal church be thrown open for the dear ten thousand who can some way fall heir to a ticket of admission. The family res idence of Judge Sherman would certain ly stand no rush of any size. It is a cozy little establishment on Case ave nue. just in sight of Euclid, the wonder ful thoroughfare, and,although in shape for home comfort, would be utterly un titled for such a reception as Cleveland ought to give the scion of the clan Cameron who comes into her midst for one of her fairest daughters. St. Paul’s is grand enough for any occasion. It is new and colossal, ami standing, as it does, on the intersection of Euclid ave nue with Case avenue, is in the very center of the wealth and fashion of the city. Miss Sherman is at home most of the time, and goes little into society this season. The trosseau is under way—in New York, it is said—and the care and responsibility of overseeing so import ant a portion of the great event i< in itself sutlieient to drive out all lighter ernes and interests. Tun national debt of Japan at present am (tints to SJoO.' KX'.OXV