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CRAWFORD A HUOTHKit, Publishers. THUMB, $1 .SO pur annum, In adratie*. GENERAL NEWS. Nast lias sailed for Europe. Tiik Island of Cyprus is about as large as the state of Connecticut. Ex-ruKsinKNrGuANT is going to China and from there be will return home. - Lord Ih:AroN.-nia.i>, is sick and not aide to attend the proceedings of the congress. Isaac Hons kit, doorkeeper of the senate, is dangerously iil at Ins home in Washington. Tim whipping-post, has just been re established in old Virginia and the tramp is unknown there. I'liKsniKNT llavi.s’ private secretary is down with consumption, and it is be lieved that he cannot long survive. tiKN. TltOS. .1. 11 KNI iKKKON, lias been renominated for congress by the repub licans of the sixth Illinois congressional district. Tim republicans of the eleventh Illi nois district have nominated James I’. Cement, for congress as against .1, Singleton, democrat. Tun republicans of the eighteenth, Illinois, congressional district, have nominated John It. Thomas, for con gress. Tin; democrats of the eighth Michi gan congressional district have nomi nated 11. M. Thompson for congress on a hard money plat form. Tim: great storm of the 11th and iL’th, seems to have been general throughout the northwest, and everywhere the growing crops have sull'cml hy the deluge, In Wisconsin the green)nick parly now has the following congressional nominees in the held: Second district, 11. A. Tenney; third district, Owen King; sixth district, I'. A. tiriditli; seventh district, Chan. I>. Parker; eight district, A. It. Harrows. No oilier con gressional nominations have been made m the stale by any party. Tin: recently postponed contest for the Wisconsin award of $lO,OOO offered to the most successful steam road wagon will lake place on tho loth. The ma chines arc to start from (ireen Hay, I Hissing through Fond dn Lae. Oshkosh, Janesville and Meloit, to Madison. Much interest is fell, in the result of the trial, not simply ecanse of the stimu lating reward promised, but because it is expected to largely determine the feasibility of using steam on our high ways. Lvn: Knropean advices indicate that the excitement over the Anglo-Tnrkisli alliance is past. France was, for a lime, more excited than Russia, but she is cooling oil’ again and the chances are that tin' congress will not make any move in the matter. The British gov ernment has already taken possession of the Island of Cyprus and it will hereafter stand as a sentinel over (he possessions of F.ngland in Asia and the Suez Canal. This treaty was doubt less the wisest thing that Turkey could do as it ha> placed Kngland under greater necessity than ever ol preventing l!ns sian encroachments upon Turkish Asia. Tun first six months of IS7S, do not present a very Haltering outlook in hus tles'-matters. fhe review of business failures as recorded by Messrs. Him, Harlow A Cos., is of serious interest to the mercantile community; “The fail ures in the Tinted States for the first -ix months of the present year are o,vJ.\ as against 1,7 I'd in IS”7, an in crease of over 1,1100 in number, equal to 'Jd per cent. The liabilities for the first half of IS7B arc $100,000,000, as against tO,(K)0,000 for the same period of last year, a percentage of increase still greater. These figures are of grave im port as an indication of the state of trade. Merer before in an equal period in tin' history of the country have busi ness misfortunes been so numerous or aggregated an amount of loss by had debts so great." The condition of business and the probabilities are all in favor of a continuance for a considerable time yet, of the present stringent times. The business houses that are sound arc not making any etfort to enlarge or ex tend business and those houses involved are struggling in vain to improve their condition. This outlook is anything but encouraging. Miscellaneous News THE NF.Z. I'EKCES UETCHMSO. A Bismarck special dispatch of the ]4lh hist., nays under date of June 25, from Fort Walsh, we have reliable in formation that the hostile Ne/ Forces, at present on Canadian territory, are moving across the Rocky Mountains to to join those who did not break out in open hostilities last summer. Mr. Rainl, (ien. Miles’ agent, arrived a few days ago with three Nez, Forces of Joseph’s hand, to induce the hostiles to return to the United States. Maj. Irvine, of the police force, left Fort Walsh this morning with three Nez Forces, to try and accomplish the re moval of White Bird and his hand to the the American side. (iUKAT INDIAN I'UAIOS t.'.NKAIITIIKI), A Ft. Thompson, Dakota Territory, special of tho l tl.li says commissioner llayt, from W'ushinj'ton, 1h visiting the I ndi HD agencies in thin unction. To (lay lie dropped flown on Crow Creek agency, mid inspector Hammond's Healed hook opened. It revealed fraud and robbery unheard of on the Missou ri River. Last March the Crow Creek, l.ower Hrulc, and Chey enne agencies were all He i zed hy the military. A Meeret investigation into their allairs, and still incomplete, has developed a conspiracy between agents and trailers that even startles the natives. Dr. Livingston, of Crow Creek, was taken without warning, and his olliee safe captured before he had time to remove the evidence of his wealth and guilt. The mountain of tes timony still piling up against the ring, and Livingston in particular, is simply overwhehiming. It, heats all the reform developments for thieving, nerjnry, and forgery. The details allow thill they stole everything in sight, and prostituted the whole agency machinery to their private use. Feeding and civilizing the Indians was a. secondary matter. The aflldavils, false vouchers, furled pay-rolls, and ring letters laid before Commissioner Hayl prove Unit Livingston began in 1 K7<> when tirst appointed, Since then he has accumulated a * for tune, a matter of record. [in sides his large landed interest, he is a part owner in three silver mines in Nevada. Livingston and in's “ pards” owned two cattle rune lies, with stock, rations, etc., regularly supplied from (trow Creek and Cheyenne agencies. They were Loth seized hy the govern ment. They conducted a hotel, supplied regularly with heel', milk and potatoes from the agency, and forced their em ployes to hoard there. They used the agency hlacksmilh-shop and material for private gain. All their private slock were fed at the government crih. Livingston sold Agency wood to the steamboats and hay to the Hlaek Hills wagon-trains. Crow Creek is the stop ping-place, on the Fort I’ierre route to weadwood. Indianaunulies and rations were stolen and sold. IS' 'IIIK I'AU WKST. I’ortland, Oregon, advices of tin- loth state (hill liio following-dispatch lurs Just lint'll received from Walla Walla tin* llslh, al. S I’. M.; A man who left Wes ton to-day says tho troops urn fighting between ihn month of Lodi Willow and Caynse station, twelve miles from Wes ton, on tlm Menchain road. They mm meneed tiring hetween N and ‘d o’clock this morning, and they were still light ing when he left. There are about !500 soldiers under arms. They expect Maj. Sanford al Caynse station to-night. Six companies that led Walla Walla for Lewiston have heen turned hack and arc now cn route lor Walla Walla.. Many wagons have arrived in tin l city contain ing families coming in for safety. They arc still arriving from various directions. The following dispatch received from Wallnla, .Inly loth, I l’..M : This place was thrown into excitement on the re ceipt of a report that besides were in Wild Horse Creek, and that lighting was going on there between the artillery and Indians, and that in all probability the reds would come on Van Syckle Ca non within two or three miles of this place and arc likely to call upon ns. Ipon learning o( lighting of Wild Horse, Hen. Wheaton stopped 7 companies of cavalry under Hen. Forsyth, who were just leaving for Lewiston, and ordered them immediately to Wallnla, or to aid M dcs, who it was supposed was engaged. A message was just received continu ing this supposition and courier sent from herc’.to Hen. Forsyth, instructing him to make all possible speed and by shortest roads to Miles, who has doubt less had a long hard light to-day, as live hundred Italians are reported to have been in the hand that burned Caynse station, and it is undoubtedly this same band that Miles and perhaps Throck morton are lighting to-day. We have all the women ami children aboard the wharf-boat; no one here, however, has any fears for personal safety; we are so well fortified. Runners have been sent out to ascertain the whereabouts of the ho,stiles and report their appear ance; at f> o’clock this evening they have not yet returned.. simsti Hna.. A Hismark spooial of Jnh loth says a report has hot'ii roooivod thoro thu! tho hostilo No IVroo Ituli;ins in t’ana iliiin territory with Slums' hull tiro i|uiotly moving aoross tho mountains haok to thoir old homos, Maj, (,’raino (of tho Canadian polioo loft Kurt Walsh to try to obtain a reasonable romuval of tho No/. I’oroo to tho Amorioan sitl. Tho K. S. government warehouse sit Fort l.inoohi oonla suing olothing ami harness washurncil yesterday morning. : 1 .oss ahtiui $lOO,OOO, IM>l VN VIITIMS. A lleionsi. Montana, dispatch of tho l!Uh .-ays John Myers and ,Khn Lynoln were killed last wook on Klk (’rook. Mont. Indians avo hohovod to havo committed the deed. Klk Creek is on the line of Cadotto Pas-, near where two men were previously reported killed. Considerable apprehension is felt by ranchers and stockmen on the road from here to Fort Benton. Gov. Potts has just returned from a visit to Tender!, chief of the Bannocks, at Lemphi Agency. He reports the Ban nock Indians peaceably disposed. TWO OFFICE UH DROWNED. A Chicago press dispatch says news has been received at military head quarters 'hat Lieut. John Anthony Kuckor was drowned in White River Canon, at Camp Supply, Arizona, while attempting to rescue Lieut. Austin Henley from the water. Both oilicers arc well-known, as being among the bravest and best Indian lighters m their regiment, the Oth cavalry. Lieut. Rucker is a son <>! General Rucker, and a brother of Mrs. General Sheridan; his unsuccessful attempt to save the life of his comrade is mentioned in the dis patch as being a most heroic and daring act. A OK HAT HEAT. St. Louis advices under dale of July LUh say the weather has been intensely warm here this week, the mercury hiving ranged from bo to 102 u in the sln.de during the day, and from (SO to b()° at night. Numerous sun strokes have been reported at the city dispen sary, between!)() and 40 in all. and per haps Bof which have died up to this evening. Besides these eases many other pontons have been overcome by beat, and have been obliged to seek re lief and rest from business or labor. There are no present indications of the heated term abiding. TIIK NKW 'll IRK IT,-TOM lIOC.SK. A Now York York dispatch under date of. July lllh nays that Collector Arllmr has hern suspended, and (Jen. K. A. Merritt, present surveyor of the port, has heoii appointed or promoted to his place. The lion. A, 15. Cornell lias boon suspended from tin* naval olliee, and C< I. S. W. Burt lias heen promoted to his place. Cen. C. Iv. (Irahain has heen appointed surveyor. The report spread like wild-fire, and caused great excitement in all quarters. It created a. profound sen-ation. A thunder cloud from a clear sky would not have caused greater surprise. The custom house building was the centre of attraction, but tin' collector’s room was hermetically sealed to all save a se lect few. Thurlow Weed was closeted with Collector Arthur for some hours. A small number of the Collector’s old stanch friends were admitted, and the consultation proceeded under guards as close as those formerly placed about the most secret conclave* of the Human Inquisi tion. UN TIIK ut’N. A Raker City, Oregon, dispatch of the I- hist, says this place has been un der great exeilenict for the past two days, caused by tin* continued reports of hostiles coming in on the North Powder River. Families and stock for miles around have heen gathering in here, and at Union since the IMh inst,. hot, from returning scouts, we learn that all reports are yet false. Col. San ford’s command is camped at, Oro Dell, Crantl Rootle, in readiness to ini reept (he hostiles should they attempt to go north viaCrind Rootle, lit l has a com pany ef soldiers now scouting the Up per (inmdc Itonde River, and Capt. Eg hert is now on the North Powder River, and hits se.uls out in all directions, lie hits a coiipany wn the headwaters of Clover Crick, and, from the vicinity of the troops and scouts, it is almost impossible fur the hostiles to cross north through tnis section without being in tercepted ey some of these troops, Scouts in frtin Howard say the hostiles have broken into dillerent hands, some traveling no’th and some south on the hack trftt k, TIIK TRI'I III.KS I'ItOIIAIII.V UVKR. The telegmphie operator at Umatilla, writing umhr date of July P_’lh, says: ■ “ Have just learned by telegraph from Walla Walk that Howard will he in Walla Walla this evening and lake the train from tint city lo Wallnla with his command, hen take boat from that point and proceed to the head of navigationo Snake river. The Indians have evaded the (leneral, and are now making for the month of the Ciande Ronde river.where they expect to cross the Snake. Capt. Wilkinson, in com-, maud of lie patrol-hont Xoilhiviat,, has just lift here for Pong Island about lifted miles below here, where some renegnle Indians are suspected of crossing horses and plunder. He will return inmediately after examin ing the eointry about there, and go directly to Valinla. Our troubles here iu ■ prohahb over.'' TtXAs AM) MKXIfO. V (Jalvetton special of July lllh, says Congrosman Schleicher, who has just arrivedin San Antonio from Wash ington, saysthe administration has de termined h force peace or war with | Mexico. Lesays Hen. Ord, who will return Sattfday will bring fresh or ders to invtile and occupy the Mexican border terrtory until the Diaz govern ment guiiraitees immunity from in vasion. It believed at headquarters that the Meiean troops will resent this and preeipiUle a collision. Schleicher thinks the situation very grave; all i Texas is ripi for war. He thinks they alone can wise enough men to whip I them, ami Hat no other government on j earth would allow its people to he ! murdered ad robbed as they have j been. rut; Runs. Portland, tregon, advices from Wal ; lula of the Uh inst., state that a hand |of Indians tad crossed the railway i mx miles *om that place all well i armed. Thy professed great friend-' ; ship f or tp whites, and claimed to l>o Moses’ Indians sent to aid in fighting the hostiles. But few people here be lieve the story, and think them some of Moses'restless spirits going to join the hostiles. To-night some five or six families arrived from lower Yankinia, having been notified by a friendly In dian to leave the country, as the hos tiles were expected to orosss the Co lumbia and raid the whole region. HOWARD. The following has been received from Pendleton; Gen. Howard left Pilot Rock at ( a. m., July 8, going toward Willow Springs, Scouts reported to Howard this morning that there were about 250 Indians at or near Willow Springs, and Howard pushed forward to meet them. Probably ere this he has engaged them. The following is from Umatilla, July b: A letter, received from Pendleton, July 8, by Gov. Chadwick, says: Gen. Howard Blacked the Indians at Beasley’s Mill. The hostiles were about 40b strong. Howard repulsed them three times, and is still fighting. Ho captured from 400 to 500 head of stock, together with provisions and ammunition. Fifteen were wounded, two mortally. (Signed) J. B. Kkeny. OFF TO SKE THE EOT.II'SE. AJChicago dispatch says Prof. Langley of the Allegheny observatory, accom panied by several astronomers, left that city on the 12th for Pikes Peak for (he purpose of making observa tions of the eclipse of the sun that occurs on the 2'Jth of July. Pikes Peak and Denver are in the path of its totality. He arranged with the West ern Union Telegraph company for tel egraphic service and connection with the observatory. Washington. TUKASTRY STATKMKNT. The following is the weekly state ment for the week ending July 115th: f. S. bonds lo secure national bank circulation JTl'.i. 'jn. r >,!*Ki Uonds to secure public deposits bi.S.VMKH) LI. S. bonds deposited for circulation Week ending to-day t'J.OOO f.s bund* now beld for circulation, withdrawn week ending to-day.. . . StVMKHi National bank circulation outstanding —currency notes twj, 704,011 (iold nows.. 1,434,13(1 Internal revenue receipts to-day ITk-tll custom receipts $40,4)14 Receipts of national bunk notes for week ending to-day. compared with corresponding week last vuar—lß77 ft. .1)10,000 -IH7H.. ft,041,0il Receipts to-day (ii;l,tK)j 11 MAW LOAN. Siihscriptiuns to the I per cent, loan to-day, $1,217,050. THAT MOM MMNT. Advices from Washington of the 115th statt 1 that work is to he commenced on tim Washington monument next week. It has la en nodded to place four bronze has-relief on the four faces of the mon ument near the base, each one thirty by fifteen feet. Scenes in the life of Washington have been decided upon as follows; Taking command of the army til (lam bridge, surrend dor of Cornwallis, resignation of his command at Annapolis, and is taking tin; oath as president at Now York. Riggers were engaged to-day in renmv ing the unsightly roof and framework which has crowned the top of the un finished monument for twenty-five years past. DKITSIUN SI STAIN Kl>. The secretary of the interior to-day rendered a decision allirming the action of the commissioner of pensions in re gard lo the Florida Indian-war claim of Philip llapnel, of Augusta, Ua., for bounty land, rejected by the pension bureau under see. 15,150 of the revised statutes, which pro hibits the payment of any account, claim, or demand against the United States that accrued or existed prior to April 115, ISO], ii favor of any person who promoted, encouraged, or in any manner sustained the late rebellion, or was not known to he opposed thereto and distinctly in favor of its suppres sion. SOMK AITOINNMKNTS. An associated press dispatch from Washington under date of the 1 .‘sth inst., says the president has ap pointed Alex. Reed, of Ohio, re ceiver of public moneys at Walla Wal la. Washington territory; K. C. Jewett. Missouri, commissioner io Paris inter national exposition: Caspar 11. Seybolt, lowa, consul at Campeaehy, Mexico; Kngene Schuyler, consul at Birming ham, England. TIIK MKXIC\N nOUDKK. Washington advices under date of nly l-'h, state that (Jen. Ord has start d for San Antonio. He declined to give the points of the conference he has heen holding here w ith the secre tary of state, secretary of war, and the president in regard to the Mexican border troubles. He does give the in formation that he asked for 10,000' m<>n to protect the border and follow raiders into Mexico. This request was not granted, (tenoral Ord says that the people of Texas arc eager for a light, and that it is with difficulty that the feeling lias been repressed. He thinks that when he returns and it is made known that the govern ment does not intend to revoke the present orders as to pursuing the ma rauders into Mexico, that the Texas people w ill he in for a general rush across the Rio (Jrande at the first ease of stealing. INDIAN I'ON ITtAiTS. Washington advices say it appears from an otfici.il statement furnished by the Indian officers in reply to the criti cisms that have recently appeared on the subject of purchases of beef fur Red Cloud and Spotted Tail, and other Sioux agencies, that the now contract* wore made at exceptionally low rates, no bid so low i having been offered the preceding year. ! and are n dear saving to the govern ment of 8240,000 over the contracts of ; la?t year, even irrespective of the stipu j lations far more favorable to the gov ' eminent. Chicago Reaching After Trade. Shu Francisco Bulletin. There i> probably no city in the Union I whicii reaches out more vigorously after trade than Chicago. When the Con tinental Railroad opened up the vast northwest, Chicago merchants were the first in the field. They overran the Territories. Utah, Idaho, and Montana were thoroughly canvassed. The Chicago drummer made his appearance in San Francisco, and offered to sell by sample, for greenbacks, goods at as tonishing low prices. Considerable trade Wits picked up. But finally mat ters settled down to a normal condition. That part of the northwest which was fiiirlv iributry to San Francisco bought goods in this market. As for the rest, it was supplied from Chicago and New York. Utah, fltr instance, buys partly in the former places and partly in San Francisco. Nevada and Washington Territory, with the great stale of Oregon, buy in this market. Arizona is tribu tary to Situ Francisco. The best mines of that Territory tire owned by Califor nians. The natural highway of inland commerce is over the Southern Pacific Railroad. It is interesting to note that recent I \ a meeting of merchants and business men was held in Chicago to devise meas ures to secure the trade with Mexico. The statement made at that meeting was that Mexico imported goods to the value of 570.000,000 annually, of which only about Sd,ooo,uoo were drawn from the United States. Resolutions were adopted by the Manufacturers’ associa tion that immediate efforts ought to he made to secure a market for Chicago manufactured goods in Mexico. If Chi cago can secure much of the trade of that country it will he by means u f the Atchison, Tope-La & Santa Fe railroad which is pushing toward the Rio Grande. But St. Louis, in some sense, holds the key of the position. She has a direct railroad to Atchison, and is directly in terested in the road which every day is progressing toward Santa Fe. She has also tin? larger part of the trade with New Mexico, and will not be likely to give it up. If the merchants and the manfaetur ers of Chicago are looking with such eagerness to the new outlet for trade, it certainly cannot bo of less interest to the business men of San Francisco. This city commands the trade of Arizo na, which will hereafter increase rapid ly. It the Southern Pacific Road were now down to the Rio Grande, San Francisco would command the largest share of Mexican trade. The two cities which, by geographical position may he said to have the key,- of .Mexican trade, are San Francisco and St. Bonis. Both have roads push ing to the eastern side qf Mexico*, of the s7*>,ooo,WO of imports of that coun try, this city to-day makes a small figure. \\ e have some west coast com merce, which increases very slowly. Mexico has no commercial licet, or none worthy of notice'. The railroad from Vera Cruz to Mexico, i*(W mile.' long, cost S.‘7,INM).tKH>, and earns some thing above !?-,(•tin,o(H) a year, with growing business. Chicago is more remote from the centres of trade in Mexico by at least I,'JOO miles than is San Francisco. Now, with a direct commercial route by way of the coast, and another by way of Arizona and the Rio tirande, the advantage for direct trade could hardly be overestimated. The great mining districts, as well a> the greatest cities of Mexico must be reached. Chicago reaches out after the trade with Mexico as naturally as she explored and canvassed all the vast territory opened up by the Continental Railroad. He Agreeable at Meals. Kvery one can do something, says Dr. Holbrook, to add to the social life at the table. If one cannot talk, he can listen, or ask questions and draw out others who can talk. Good listeners are as necessary as good talkers. Nev er argue at the table: but tell pleasant stories, relate or read anecdotes, and look out for the good of all. Sometimes a single anecdote from a paper starts a conversation that lasts during the meal time. A family table ought to be bright and cheerful, a sort of domestic altar, where every one casts down his or her ollering. great or small, of pleas antness and peace; where, for at least a brief space in the day, all annoyances are laid aside, all stormy tempers hush ed, all quarrels healed; every one be ing glad and content to sit down at the same board and eat the same bread and salt, making it, whether it were a rich repast or a dinner of herbs, equally a joyful, almost a sacramental meal. Tlic Ibis* Tramp. The I hiss tram j > has just returned. Five weeks ago a young man of this oily, without a com in his pocket, heat his wav to Now York, stowed himself away on an outgoing steamer, and got far out on the ocean before he was dis covered. He worked Ids passage the rest of the way. and was turned adrift in Liverpool. There lie had tramped it for two weeks, until he got tired, and then came back to America in the same way that he went to Europe. He readied Patterson on the truck of a freight car just live weeks after he left. He had not a cent when he started, never saw a cent the whole time he wa gone. and returned home in the same penniless condition. c are sorrv that wo cannm give this enterprising tramp s name,— /’itor.-o-i (A. .1, u udrduui.