Newspaper Page Text
NORTH WESTERN ITKMs.
wisoossts Portage. NVis., is exc.ted over the elopement of the daughter of the sher itT of Columbia county with a prisoner from the county jail," on the night .4 May 2ad. The curious part of the atUtr is the fact that the prisoner was under a six months sentence for resist ing arrest by the sheritl. The Viroqua railway will be com pleted July 4. The diphtheria has been making ter rible ravages in Gilmanton, Butl'alo, county. liieo.N and Markesau are elated over the prospect of having a narrow gauge railway connection. The estimated cost of grading the same is $40,000. The Winchester A Partridge manu facturing company of Whitewater, are negotiating for the transfer of their works to Milwaukee. They will occupy the old North Milwaukee shops of the at. Paul railway company, and are rais ing the capital stock from $250,000 to $500,01X1, and giving employment to four hundred men. A child ot Frans Holainger, a Clinton street, Milwaukee, saloon-keeper, fell into a tub of boiling water to-night and was fatally scalded. MINNESOTA. Dakota has just paid Minnesota $4,505 for the maintenance of tier in sane patients at the Minnesota state asylum. An Oswego N. V., man is talking about establishing a starch factory in Minneapolis. The people of Mower county will vote, May 13th,on a proposition to issue bonds for anew court-house. The stale treasurer hasjust purchased $13,000 worth of Missouri bonds for tin school fund, mid $5,000 worth of United States government bonds for the inter national improvement fund. The Chicago, Milwaukee and St Paid will hereafter run nint'trains a day be tween St. Paul and Minneapolis, the in creasing travel rendering additional trips necessary. The Lake City Sentinel says that 0. Gibbs, Jr., has eight acres of strawberry plants now hi bearing condition, mm is planting an additional live acres this season, which will take about CO,OOO plants. Ho is one of the most success ful fruit culturists in the northwest. Austin IhgUter : A shaft is being sunk on Dive Picket's farm, near Otranto. They have a three-feel and one-half vein to work on. Pretty good for the commencement. We feel con fident that in Hie near future we will ht able to supply the geat demand for coal in this section of country. IOWA. Cohn-Planting is in progress in some parts of the state. Dave Holland, a farmer living near Do Sota, was driving a cow out of his barn tlio other day', when the animal turned and ran against him, one of In r horns entering his cheek, coining out under the eve, and inflicting a serious wound. The oldest man in eastern lowa died at Center Point on the -2nd hist. His name was Milner, and he was born in 177'J, and lacked just a few months to complete his 100th year. A man has been arrested at Cedar Mines, charged with the murder of Frank Allen, who was found dead on the railroad track near Tyrone. Justice Hhfnnan, of Sioux City, says he w ill not jail any more tramps. He expresses the opinion that the mere facts of a man being out of work and destitute of money do not constitute “a crime” for which, under the conslitu 'ion of lowa and the United States, a man can lie subjected to “involuntary servitude.' 1 An Ottumwa man named Fergusen was sentenced to twenty days in jail last week for brutality to his horses A day or two ago he undertook to haul a load of straw, and one of the horses got down ami could not or would not get up. The man took some straw oil' the wagon and built a fire between the horse’s hind legs, and it is said that from the knee to the hip on one leg great pieces of skin were burned off, leaving the half roasted flesh bare. The other day an engineer on a freight train running between Wiuterset and Des Moines was horrified at a crossing about a mile and a half this side ol Wiuterset to see a little child on the track as he rounded a curve, running with a full head of steam on. He could not stop his train, and as it dash ed upon the little thing lie hid his face. The whole train passed over the child before it could he stopped, hut curiously enough th ■ little one was found to be unhurt. Hie Presidential Candidates. A correspondent asks the Inter-Ocean for a list of presidental candidates from 1824 and receives through that paper the following reply: Washington was re-elected hy nearly a unanimous vole. During his admin istration the federal and republican parties sprang into existance. On Washington’s retirement John Adams, of Massachusetts, became hy common consent the candidate of the federal party for president, and Thomas Jef ferson of the republican party. Adams was chosen president and Jefferson vice-president, having the next highest number of votes. In the year 1800 a caucus of members of congress was held in Philadelphia, which nominated Thomas Jefferson for president and Aaron 13nrr for vice president. They were elected over John Adams ami Charles G. Pinckney. Mr. Jeff.-rson was renominated and re-elected in 18' 4, with George Clinton, of New York, as vice president, over Charles C. Pinck ney and Knfua King. Janies Madison was nominated by a congressional caucus January, 1808. and elected president by a large majority. He was renominated in the same man ner in 1812. In September of the ’•wne year a convention, representing ; eleven states, was held in New York, which nominated DeWitt Clinton. ■ antes Madison was re-elected. In 1816 James Monroe was nominate and , by a congressional caucus, he receiving | ('5 votes, and W. H, Crawford 54. Mr. Monroe was elected, and in 1820 he was re-elected without opposition. In 1524 the congressional caucus sys tem was opposed by a lame portion of the r< publican party. Hut sixty-six members responded to tie call,‘and these nominated NV. H. Crawford for the presidency. Jackson, Olay, and Adams were also nominated by various statis, and there was no choice by the people. The house of representatives elected John Quincy Adams. Imme diately after this election Andrew Jack s ni was nominated by the legislature of Tennessee. That action was indorsed by the democratic party of the country, and he wars elected in 1828 uvgr Mr. Adams. fhe tirst political national et m ention ever held in this country, took place in Philadelphia in 1830. it was called the Tinted States Anli-Masouie convention. Francis Granger, of New York, presid ed. No business of importance was transacted, but the same convention mot in Baltimore in 1832, and nomi nated William Wirt, of Maryland, for president. In May, 1832, a democratic national convention was held in Balti more to name a candidate for the vice presidency. Martin Nan Huron, of New York, was selected, and the ticket, w ith Jackson as president, elected. The national republican convention assem bled in Baltimore, Dec. 12, 1831, and nominated Henry Clay, of Kentucky, for president. hi May, 1835, a democratic national , convention was held in Baltimore. Twenty-one stales were represented at this convention, the two-third rule was adopted, and Marlin Van Buren was unanimously nominated. General William H. Harrison, of Ohio, was the opposing candidate to the democracy in ISoti. He was nominated by a state convention in I’ennsylvania and several other bodies. lit ISe'Ja whig national convention was held in Harrisburg, I’a. W. 11 Harrison was again nominated, lit December, IN?‘J, a convention of abolitionists was held at Warsaw. New York. James G. Birney, of New York, was nominated for president. May S, 18-10, a democratic national convention assembled in Baltimore, ami Martin Van Buren was unanimously renomi nated. Harrison was elected. A whig national convention met at Baltimore May 1, 1844. and Henry Clay was nominated. The democrats nominated Tolk and he was elected. Tlie national convention of the liberty party met in August, 1844, at Buffalo, New York, and nominated Birney for president. The whigs, iu ISIS, nominated Zach ary Taylor at Philadelphia. The demo* (Tats nominated Lewis Cass. Tito free [democratic convention was held at Utica, New Yoik, and placed tit nomi nation Martin Van Buren. A similar convention was held on thethh of June, same year, and Van Buren again nominati and. Taylor was elected. In 1852 the whigs nominated Scott ■ and the democrats Franklin Fierce. John F. Hale was nominated at Pitts burg by the freo-soil democrats. The first republican national conven tion was held Julie 17, ISoti, in the city of Philadelphia, and Colonel John C. Fremont was nominated. The Ameri can national council met in Pliiludelniu February 185t>, and nominated Milan! Fillmore. Cincinnati was the meeting place of the democratic convention, and Buchanan was nominated on the seventeenth ballot. On May 1(1, IStiO, the republican na tional convention was held in Chicago, and Abraham Lincon was nominated on the third ballot. A convention of the constitutional union party conven ed in Baltimore on the bib of May and j nominated John Bell, of Tennessee. The democrats met at Charleston and nominated Douglas. The delegates who withdrew from this convention as sembled afterward at Baltimore and nominated Breckinridge. In ISill a convention under the name ot the “ Radical Republicans,” met at Cleveland, Ohio, and nominated John C. Fremont for president; the Republi cans renominated Abraham Lincoln, and the national democratic conven tion convened at Chicago and nomina ted McClellan. In 18(18General Grant was nominated by the republicans and Horatio Sey mour by tile democrats. In 1872 Gen < rid Grant was renominated by the re publicans at Philadelphia and Horace Greeley by the opposition. In 187<) Hayes was nominated hy the republi cans, Tilden by the democrats and Cooper by the greenbackers. Wo hone otir correspondent and those interested will cut this answer out and preserve it. as the facts are valuable and take a long time to collate. Fans. Foreign Letter. Marie Stuart's fun, one that she brought from France with her, and kept through all the unhappy years that fol lowed, was formed of seven ostrich-lips arranged about a jeweled button, with a slim carved handle. Marie Antin ette's ivory fan is said by Balzac to la the handsomest of the historical fans. It was presented by the city of Dieppe to the Queen, "it the birth • ( her son, the Dauphin. The subject is mi episode in the life of Alexander the Great, whi n Porus, defeated and a prisoner, refuses to submit, and demands to be treated as a brave soldier and a King. The great Macedonian, charmed with toe daring of his prisoner, gave him back his conquered slates. This inter view is presented in a wonderful man ner, the design hy Vein, the cat ring by \a- Flamand, whose work has never been excelled. La Pompadour’s lace fan, with its medallion js mails, is an other of tne priceless historic fans. It is of the finest Venetian lace, so line anil elaborate that it look nine years to finish it, and the cost was $30,000, It is divided into five sections, each nriched by an exquisite miniature painting. Why do <*h weigh more in propor tion t itan other things of equal size and Because when they are weighed the weight of the scales always uas to be counted in. News from Samoa reports that a treaty between that government and i Germany has been concluded, which j gives Germany a Labor on the island. | AFRICA. Its Cenuuereial Development. Hwstou Jiuirnsl. I hie of the most signiti.ant signs of a promise of future developments in il lation to the great continent of Africa, is that France as well as England is now more than ever turning its attention to ward developing its commerce for its own bent tit. Important commissions in France are seriously considering how thev may secure for tin ir country the Somlan with its SO.tXH'.tHK) inhab itants as a special market for their manufactures. One project contem plates a railroad from Algiers to Tim buotoo. Another, at the head of which is M. Lesi ons, of Suez l’anal fame, pro poses to turn the desert of Sahara into an African Mediterranean. Turning to England we tindjihai, btsides the pres ent excitement connected with the Cane district, the result of which can not fail to bring the southern portions ot Africa into a confederated colonv of the Hi itish Empire that will otter a bet ter field than ever before for the sur plus population of the mother-country, considerable attention is being given to the matter ot increasing her commerce with other portions of the continent, both upon the east and west coasts. I pon the east coast, it has been shown by recent developments that it is possi ble, with the exception of seventy miles parallel with the Murchison Cat aracts, to sail from the 1. mdon docks to the north end of laiko Myass, pass ing through the X unbest and Shire Rivers. On thewtst coast attention has for some time hern given to developing steam navigation upon the N cor mid other rivers. Hut me ehief interest tit litis direction at present centers upon l!tc northwest eoitsl at Tape .luhv, a point some-UK) miles south of the Mo rocco coast, only I,ol*o miles front En gland, and SOll miles from Timluicloo anil tint Upper Miner. As described hy Mackenzie, a recent traveler in this part of Africa, this post is admirably situat ed for trade with the Soudan and the inteiior of Africa. Its climate is claim ed to he equal to that of Madeira and the Canary Islands. Spring water, sand and limestone for building purposes, are found upon the spot. The inhabi tants are intelligent and fond of trade and agriculture. and Mr. Mackenzie confidently believes that they would keep faithfully any engagement into which they might enter. The present trade of the Soudan with Europe, it is estimated, amounts to upwards of 000.000 per year, notwithstanding the dillicultica connected with its transpor tation across the dessert, ovi r the Atlas Mountains and across the dominions of the Emperor of Morocco, who levies a duty of nine guns out of every ten, and in like proportion upon other goods passing through his territory. It is thought that, if a route via Cape .hlhy can he opened, a market of great ex tent can he secured, which will alxtorh large quantities of English manufac tttn s. Oil this portion of the northwest coast of Africa there is, says the same writer, an important fishery, extruding fora thousand miles from Cape Hianeo on the south to Miroeco upon the north, which at present ts worked cnlv hy fish ermen from the Canary Islands, though there appears to he room here for the fishermen of the world. Mackenzie says that the waters of this portion of :ho ocean swarms with fishes familiar to our own fishermen, as well as with many new and valuable varieties. A lie\tdl in Iniliit. New V-rk llcnilil. A small disturbance of a very disa greeable nature, about which a witisper basso far been suffered to Income known, has most inopporlnnalely broken out in the Madras presidency, British India. The following is an ex tract (rom a private letter, written hy an officer of the U ival Artillery attach ed to the Ordinance Department at Madras, dated March 15 “We had jn*l dispatched Iwe regiments to Hnrmah yesterday when a telegram was received announc ing that there was a row at Ilampore, somewhere near It ijahmuiidr} a mili tary station in the northern portion of the Madras Presidency and had to send off another regiment immediately. As an evidence ol the urgency of the case, I may state that the men received their orders at 2 in the afternoon, and embarked before 0. This was pretty sharp work 1 think you will admit. 'Die gist of the Rijahmundry business seems to he that one of the Madras civilians lias been taxing cocoa ail I trees belong ing to some bill tribe. The owners re fused to pay and kicked out the* police. Then the official shut himself op. The natives surrounded him and his atten dant;- and enl them off from supplies of food and water. 1 believe the whole tribe is np and means mischief, Inn they are only armed wi'h bows and ar rows. The telegram says; “The sub collector should have returned to-day to Jummahundy (circuit of inspection and assessment) but is detained indefi iiitely ?’ If be i-< dead, or even cut off Irom food and water, it is probable that the regiment will not be able to gel In him fnr (our or live days. These civil ians, nr rather their Tahdldars, in whose hands they are, grind down tho-e wretched eyots to the last extremity. Of course this gives us constant work preparing troops on a war footing at a couple of hour's notice.” New Stories About Lincoln. Sjiriiiiifield i sum.,i Kepnlillcao The recent reference to Abraham Lin coin, suggested by the anniversary of bis death, calls to mind two character istic anecdotes of the homely hero, which have probably never yet found their way into print. An active aboli tionist find been appointed by Mr. Lin- j coin secretary of one of the t* rritonea, upon recommendation of Mr. Humoer, who seldom entertained doubt of the honesty of any anti-slavery man. Hut tliin appointee turned out to be umeli-: able in money matters, and the fact j was reported to Mr. Humner, who in- j credulous, went to see the IVeeiiJent. Mr. Lincoln was in possession ofevi- j Hence* of the man's dishonesty, and i laid them before Mr. Sumner. ar*t*mg: him that the man was undoubtedly a bad egg. Mr. Stimnei was obliged to admit the loroe of the evidence, but he did not appreciate the Presidents Homely characterisation. "Why,"said he, “ 1 can’t tell his frieuds that ho is‘a bad egg. O yes, - ' said Mr. Lincoln. “that expresses it exactly. You tell them that I say their man is a bad t gg.'' Ami the classical senator depart ed with this intelligent message, which he no doubt altered into more polished phrase before imparting it. The other anecdote illustrate* Mr. Lincoln’s fondness tor a practical joke, how ever simple. One morning he step ped out into the porch of the White Mouse in his dressing gown, and shout ed to the Irish gardener who was si work on the grounds. Failing to at tract his attention, and seeing a young man passing in trout of the porch, Mr. Lincoln hailed him and asked him if I he could throw a stone. The young man thought he could. “ Well," said i lie, “ throw one at my gardener, there: I can't make hint hear," The young man, obedient, picked up a stone and let tlv. hitting the Irishman fairly in the back; whereupon the latter started i up, and. turning around indignant, wanted to know of the young man what he meant by hitting him. and began to approach him hastily in a threatening manner, muttering and scolding as he i came. Meanwhile the voting man mo tioned with his hand toward the porch, meaning to have the gardener under stand that the President wanted him. : and that the stone had been throw n at his instance. Hut the hate Irishman paid no attention to his gestures, seem mg indisposed to understand their sig- | nitiennee or to he mollified. Surprised iat the man’s threatening manner, and | wondering why the President did not | ; speak in his behalf, the thrower of the stone turned to look for the President, ' knit he was not to be seen. In a mo- \ mem bis tall form aiose from behind the balustrade, where he had coneeah and himself, when the stone was thrown, to I see the fun. loving the gardener his i 0 rders, with a twinkle in his eyes he | 1 glanced at the young man, who walked away, realizing that he had been made j the victim of a practical joke. .loth Old rimes in I’dinluirg, llitr|mm h Mart ino tor Apnl Life in Edinburg during the last two centuries appears to have been *• most uncommonly jolly," as a humorist of tlu> time expresst s it. Dissipation, even among the highest class, prevailed loan inereditable extent. Chambers ’elated that nothing was more common in the morning than to meet men of high rank and ollicial dignity reeling home after a night spent in drinking. A cer tain famous lawyer named May never considered himself tilled for business until he had stowed away at least six bottles of claret. There are many laughable anecdotes told of tins pro pensity for midnight it voting. It is saiil that a party ol eminent lawyers once met together to pass aSaUnday night with wma anti cards. The hours came anti went, ami no account was taken by the jolly comrades of passing time. The next forenoon the gout I peo ple of Edinburg, passing the house on their way to church, were astonished by si t ing the door open anil three well-known gentlemen issue forth, their hair disheveled ami (heir cost nine in general disorder, while a loitrlh, with a lighted candle in lus ban . was endeav oring to show them the way down the stalls. Even the lathes of that time are saitl not to have been entirely tree from (he prevailingsiii, and the custom which existed among them ol resorting to so called oyster-cellars gives a curious idea ol society during the last century. Haw oysters and pnrtei were the chief te freshmenls to he enjoyed in these cel lars, anil sometimes a little rum nimeh. Lathes ami gentlemen indulged without rest mint in the merriest conversation, and the evening was generally eonclinled with darn ing. Il issaid that a parly ol lathes returning front one of these revels, being slightly confused in their minds, Were unable to de'ermme where they were. The night was bright moonlight, so they continued walking until they came to the sqiure by the Trun church. Here (hey eiuionntered a dif ficulty. The broad shadow of a church steeple fell across their path. After pondering they came to the conclusion Unit it niiisl he a broad stream which il would he necessary to cross before they could reach home. They accordingly took .11" their shoes and stockings, lucked tip their petticoats, and proceed ed to wade across. When they reached the clear moonlight, in their eyes the lunik of the stream, they pul on their shoes anti proceeded. That these par lies were attended hy the best classes is shown hy a story told hy Chambers, lie says, writing in 1K1M: “It is not more than thirty years since the late Lord Melville, the Duchess of Cordon, and some other persons of distinction, who happened to meet in town after many years of absence, nude up an oyster-cellar party hy way of a frolic, and devoted tine winter evening to the revival ol this almost forgotten enter tainment of their youth," Whist was also a great passion among the Edin burg gentry, and many curious stories arc told in regard to it. The sister of Smollet is said to have spent every mo ment of her leisure lime at this game. One evening a city magistrate, who was also a tallow-chandler called upon her. “Coino awa’, bailie,” said she, "and take a trick at the carles.” "Troth, ma’am,” saitl he, " 1 hue naa a baw bee in rny pouch.” “ Tut, man, ne’er mint) that,” she replied, ” let’s e’en play for a pund o’ candles." TTik little town of Hudson, Ohio, in the county of Hiimrait, twelve miles north of Akron is the center of the largest maple sugar district of the state, ami is considered ine head-center for ’he manufacture of maple sugar and syrup. The slate of Ohio ranks as the lit rd state in the Union in the tnanu fac tire of this article, and the present year will show for that state the larges! yield of maple sugar known in years. The Parisians are paying great at tention to horse flesh, and have just had a very fine “hippie exposition,’’ as they call it, at the palace of the Champ* K yssees. The ml in her of horses to Era "e is estimated at 3,00(1 (Mf. THK KLKPTKU LIGHT. t Brilliant Scone Under Pumas. Tlie electric light at the circus has proved a wonderful thing. On Satur day night, when the people entered the first menagerie lent, it was as light as j mid day and a man's shadow reflected on the ground, was as clear and clean rut as if it were done in silhouette. Holding up the hands, pantomime fash ion, every curve and motion of the fin gins could be seen with the distinctness amt clearness ol an illuminated picture. Above the bead burned what seemed In -be two small balls ot (ire, without any dame or smoke, and of such dazzling brilliancy that the naked eye could irnoly stand the glare for an instant. A million little needles of variegated light seemed t > be nerpedually shooting out Irom the body of the lire, giving each tne appearance of a small chestnut burr. Looking at the light through smoked glass they took on an entirely dtfieient appearance. Tim little needles were not there, end the eyes saw simply a round ball of while fire, about the size "! a small marble, seeming, m its whiteness and the intensity ot its beat, like a drop of molten met Hi. Iwo of these small lights burned there, rigged on poles, alnnit thirty feel apart, in the large menagerie lent, lighting up the place in such a way that colors in doth could be distin guished as completely as by the light ol day. Passing into the next non tigerie tent, the same sight was present ed. Hero two electric lights produced the same el fee I as in a first tent. The brightness was wonderful. No moon light ever sent out a tenth part ol such brilliancy. So completely were the tents illuminated that from the outside could be plainly mcu on tin* while canvass the shadow of tlm ani mals and wagons, and even of the men walking about inside. But tlu> great scene was in the circus lent. It was large enough lo contain both the menageiie tents. Here were six electin' lights, ’There were also some gas lights. The gas must have been there lor the sake ot (he contrast. The dillereuce was remarkable. 'The electric lights were of the purest and sottcsl while; tlm gas lights, though horning at a full head, seemed faded and yellow. Although the electric lights in this tent had globes on, as tlm naked glare of them all must have almost blinded the audience, every nook and corner of the immense tent was as blight as day. An idea of the power of a single light of this kind which ts said lobe the largist electric light nude may be gained when it ts known that vllowed to burn with out a globe it will make a shadow out of •( gas light. There was great curiosity and no lit tle anxiety among the circus people and clcclri.t light men lo see the thing work. 'The intention was to have it, it possible, m operation on Ibu opening night, Monday last, but when the time ca tm it was found it could not be done. Three or four experienced men were sent on by the Telegraph Supply company, of Cleveland, the mannluc tnrers of the machine,lo gel it m order. On Friday night every thing "as in readiness, and the machine was put in to operation. This is the first time the eleetiie light has been used under canvas, and its success has been a great card to the inannfaeUirers as well as to the circus managers. Tim latter have bought tight to use it under canvass Die cost of the ma chine alone waa $15,000, It is the largest machine of tlm kind made. It is known us the Brush dynamo-electric light, Charles Bush being the inventor. Any one who understands anything about telegraphy will be able In form an idea of the way in which the ma chine is run, There is a reguliu bat tery, worked by a thirty horse-power engine with a forty-horse power boiler. This engine has been built expressly lor Ibis electric, light ly the Fileliburu En gine company, ol Fitchburg, Mass achusetts, and is constructed on a wagon, occupying one end while the buttery occupies another. The battery seems simple in its construction but ail powerful in its eifects. “Have any of yon gentlemen watches in your pocket?” asked one of the elec tric light men on Halnrday night as a party gathered around the wagon,where the engine was pulling away, lo exam ine the battery. Guo voice answered in the iilHrina live. “Miami buck, then,” said the electric light man; “don't come within two feel ol this buttery if you don't want your watch spoiled.” “What?” “Jt will magnetize all the steel in your watch, draw the springs toward any steel screw it may have. It’s the at traction of the magnetism. I've had two watches spoiled in that way,” All this lime a revolving shaft be tween four Mocks of steel was whirling with lightning rapidity. The four blocks of steel and lh revolving shaft were the all-powerful elements in pro ducing tin ehctric light. These live simple things, w ith one or two other simple things in the way of copper plate and wire, were, producing such a tremendous current of electricity that, in the words of one of the electric light men, “if you were to stand ten miles off anil touch that revolving shaft—or commutator —with a piece of electric wire, the wire would burn up like a Hash.” “Touch that copper-plate," said the electric man, pointing lo a harmless piece of copper on the edge of the wagon near lire whirling shaft. One of tlie patty did so, and jumped hack, jerking his ami away us though he hud been shot. The four blocks of steel are the mag nets. They are oval in shape and cov ered with copper wire, coiled tightly around them. The commutator re volving between them is what generates the electricity. It is run by a bell con necting its one end with the Is-lt-wfteel of the engine, it makes 750 revolu tion* a minute, and with every revolu tion the current of electricity travel* once around the circuit, or in other wools, around the wire which connects the electric lights in (he different tents with each other, and finally comes hack lo the battery. The principle is the same a* that of telegraphy. Twenty- eight hundred foot of insulated cable wire does the work. This is sufficient to conduct the electric fluid through the three Urge tents and half a dozen smaller ones and hack again to the bat tery. At intervals on this circuit are the electric lights. I'he Late Madame Boiiaparlp. Among the many hundred editorials elicited by the death of Madame Patter son-Bonaparte in Baltimore, me follow -1 inc from the Springfield, (Mass,,) LV ! pnWtoiu, is far from being the least in teresting: I here are other lives yet remaining linked by one lie and another with the first Napoleon, but none more t matk ■vli'e titan that of Maname Patterson- Bonaparte, which closed at Baltimore recently. It ts the province of some in bistort to distinguish events hy their contact with them, and the privilege of others to be distinguished by their con- I tael' with events; lint it was the peculiar . distinction ol Madame Patterson to be long to the last cla<s, and in spite of all untoward circumstances to display the qualities which hy common consent as i signed bet to the first order among the women whom the accident of marriage and the mockery of birth united to the fortunes et the Imperial family of France. She joined tnosii fortunes 100 early and claimed Iter share in them too late; both the uncle and the nephew put aside her claims to a valid marriage with Jerome Bonaparte, hut the long stretch and perspective of her life en abled her to take an equal, though dis tant, interest in Gen. Bonaparte's cam paign against England in Northern Af rica, and the military excursion of his grand nephew, the present Prince lm vciial, to Znlnlaml in Southern Africa, to witness another demonstration of English power events a eeuturv apart. It was a biilliant but doubtin'! match she made in ISi>;s (who has not heard the story) with (’apt, Jerome Bona parte. He was tne youngest brother of , the first eonsnl, in six months to be the , first Emperor of France, but France in i twelve years before had had one-lhinl the constitutions which in the last ninety years have sent a great country rocking from license to despotism. There was nothing there to make certain the future ot the Bonaparles, and Miss Pat terson belonged to that assured Ameri can stock which had furnished the financial management of our revolt!* lion, and has continued to our own day to direct the trade and banking of a great sen port. The time came when she was to be alone among the Bona parles in the possession of assured means, and she Inis never ceased to rest h loud hope of her grandson’s sue cesses to his uncle’s throne, which re mained the last darling dream of her old ngt, upon a fortune she had herself amassed. It. hml been her fate never lo do more than dream of an imperial connection. Upon her marriage, the young girl of seventeen found herself excluded hy a policy which swayed the court, and the military power of France. Under the code Na poleon, then a year old, ami In whose highest tribunal site appealed, and ap pealed in vain within our own lime to establish the legitimacy of her offspring, the record of her marriage was lormal ly excluded from the reourdsnf France, and the ntlleial journals of (he new em pire announced that she might sot foot w ithin its holders only a* the mistress of lit r husband. Her youth passed, while the cliques and cabals of Ht. ('loud, bv which the crowns of Anster lilz, of Wagrani and of Jena were des irihuled among the Bonaparles, pivot ed around her reception. A French licet watched her, ministers corres ponded about her, her own family dared entrust to cipher only the record of her movements. She had started to return to France with her husband a year after her mar riage. He was weak, cowardly and in decisive They were separated. Kite made the mistake of her life and look refuge in England. Her son .was born there. His hither been me king of Westphalia. He olVered his repudiated wile residence anil patrimony within Ins dominions. Broad us they were she retorted Unit they were not wide enough for two queens. The answer won her a pension, recognition and a place in the family winch then ruled Europe, from its chief, Napoleon I. She hml the pen sion will) his full, she regained it when a Bonaparte returned to reign in France. Her recognized place in the imperial family she never lost. She formed a part of (hat shadowy circle of discrowned kings ami soiled princesses who metal Rome around the one member of their family whose place in the church saved him the fall of the rest, Gardinal Kesch It came to pass that this American woman, now middle-aged, was recog nized as easily first of this discredited throng, in grace, in charm and in en dowment. Gorlschakotr, then distin guished in a service lo which he has since given fifty successful years, saw in her abilities which might have de layi and Hie fall of the great emperor and the names of those who, like Inin, coun seled the rulers of Europe. During the long eelifise of tlie Napoleon family she returned to Ballitnoie. poor, embittered and disappointed. Hho had lost tlie love of her father, and she had gained nothing hut the empty praise of use less abilities in her European career. The rising splendor of the second em pire she shared, hot site was denied farther part in the honors of the impe rial family, when hergraodsons attack ed her husband's will, and her marriage was brought to the rude test of a court whose decree was again swayed by dy nastic influence. lint she lived (0 see Medan ns she had seen Waterloo; a;'d tier two grandsons retain tlie name and association with an imperial house which it was her life-long struggle to establish, -• • •- Insanity In Kiisslh. According to statistics recently col lected hy the government of Mt. Peters burg there are in Russia about 100,000 insane persons. The Russian papers have been complaining of the had con dition ami management of the insane asylums, which in most cases are of the nature of barracks rattier than hospitals. The Russian medical organs, have also (liken the ground that insanity should lie legally recognized as sufficient cause for divorce, since it is a transmiasiole disease;