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THE GREAT FIRES IN (.TBA.
Sixty-eight Estates Reduced to Ashes — Hie Loss Estimated at *100,(HH.000 Mr. Charles A. Meigs, whose success ful career of half a century in bnks has made him very widely known throughout the whole of North Amer ica, and who now tills the position of National Bank Examiner in this city, has just, returned from a \ sit to the Island of Cuba. He went there on the advice of his physician to recover his health, which had been shattered by a lifetime of uninterrupted activity. He was in Cuba two months. Just previ ous to his return to this country Mr. Meigs went through an experience with tire which he says he will never forget, A Tiinra reportei visited Mr. Meigs in his pleasant Staten Island home yes terday, and learned from him the par ticulars of one of the fiercest conflagra tions which has ever visited the “Gem of the Antilles,” which destroyed pro perty of almost fabulous value, and of which Mr. Meigs was an interested eye-witness. While in Cuba Mr. Meigs spent his time upon the sugar nlanta lion of San Ricardo, about thirty-five miles southeast of Cardenas, and near Ytabo. It belongs to the estate of the late Mr. Richard 1). Smith, of Bristol, R. 1., and is now conducted by the latter's son, "Don Juan 11. Smith.”—i. c. Mr. John Smith. The San Ricardo plantation is situated in the beauti ful valley of Ytabo. On the north is a belt of timber land, and on the south is a range ot hills running east and west, and from 200 to 250 feet ui bight. The center of the valley is level prairie land, from two to four miles wide, anil depressed about 100 feet below the average eleva tion of the rolling prairie land south of the range of hills mentioned. "From this range of hills, looking north," said Mr. Meigs, "this valley of prairie land, densely covered with sugar estates, and carefully cultivated, presents to the eye of the northern man one of the grand est illustrations of the Garden of Para dise which to me seems possible for the imagination of man to contrive. In the center of this earthly paradise we had experienced very warm and dry weath er lor several weeks. At noun the ther mometer stood at 85 to 02 degrees in the shade, and from 5/ to 7- degrees after sundown, and during the night. During three days—April 15,10 and 17 —very strong gales of wind prevailed, varying from southeast to south, and then to the southwest. Everything about us was literally as dry as tinder. Early on the morning of the 17th, to our utter horror and consternation, vast masses of smoke appeared from the south side of the hitlsjl have spoken of, rushing at the rate of from twenty to forty miles an hour over the lops of the hills, and directly over our heads. San Ricardo is considered u small plantation ;n that region. It has only 1,800 acres, and only about 220 persons, —Anglo-Saxons. Spaniards, Cubans. Creoles, Chinamen and negroes—are employed upon it. To say that these were frightened is but feeble language. Very soon theory rose of another lire in due south of us; then another in the southwest; then one due west; soon another lire was visible to the north west; then one to the north, and finally one to the northeast of ns. Thus by noon we were in the very center of a sea of tire, or rather of the smoke from an enormous circle of tire thirty miles in diameter. Toe flames seemed to shoot up from the hills to the height of from 1,000 to 2,000 feet. It was a most magnificent spectacle. The black vol umes of smoke shot over our heads with such frightful velocity—we were UK) feet below —that not a spark fell until four miles beyond the San Ricar do. 1 watched the measures taken by onr host, Senor Smith, with interest, for 1 knew that on his sagacity and prompt ness in action depended very largely our safety. The plantation bands pre pared for instant flight in case the tiro should appear on the north side of the hills south of us, for we knew that if it once appeared there the intervening half-mile of highly inflammable sugar cane would be licked up in five or ten minutes, and the fiery torrent would then pounce upon the thatched-roofed negro quarters an l outbuildings. Tnese were all covered in with a mass of dry palm-leaves, straw, etc., and were with in ItK) yards to the windward of Senor Smith’s dwelling, sugar-mills, barns, shops, storehouses, etc.” Mr. Meigs described in full the meas ures taken to fight the fire, should it en croach upon the San Ricardo plantation, in which he naturally took an active part. “I wa j a member of the old New York Volunteer Fire Department forty five years ago,” said he, "and f fell quite at home.” Every possible pre caution having been taken, everybody was ordered to he on guard and extin guish any stray spark the moment it fell. All hands remained on the alert until about lt> o’clock at night. Then a vivid stroke of lightning cut the sky to the northwest, and was followed by a heavy crash of thunder. Mr. Meigs cried out for the comfort of the fright ened ladies of San Ricardo, who had gone into the bouse for shelter, that "the blessed rain is coming! Three cheers for the rain!” “I yelled it out until 1 might have been heard half a mile,” said Mr. Meigs. Half an hour later rain poured down in torrents, and San Ricardo was safe. “So much for San Ricardo,” said Mr. Meigs. “Now let me tell you some thing of the terrible consequences of this tearful fire to the Island of Cuba and to all the world lliat uses sugar. 1 propose to lake the estate of San Louis as a type, and show the effect of the fire by describing what was de stroyed there. The San Louis lies about seven miles southwest of the San Ricar do. Before the fire swept over it it had splendid arrangements for the manu facture of 3,tk*o to 7,000 hogsheads per year of the best sugar known to that region. A hogshead of sugar averages aliout 2,000 pounds in weight. Be tween 400 amt 500 person# are em ployed on the San Louis, and between WOO,oooand 1500,000 had been tija-nd- j ed within a lew years in fitting it up with the most improved machinery for* sugar-making. Eeighteen steam en gines were employed in running the ' sugar machinery on t v, is one estate. I which is by no means one of the largest." Mr. Meig# visited the Sun Louis on the second day after the tire. Tne peo ple there told him that the tire seemed to them to start at a point about four miles southwest of them. Within thirty minutes after first seen to the windward the lire was upon the San Louis in a solid tot rent of flame, fanned by a gale of wind, which howled through the ele vated plateau at a rate far exceeding that experienced bv Mr. Meigs and ids host at the San Ricardo. In a mo ment the vast mast of flames and smoke passed through the very large sugar mill, me men working in it barely escaping with their lives. The immense quarters occupied bv the 400 slaves, which were surrounded by a stone wall, were reduced to asiies. The openings in the large hospital for the sick belonging to the estate happened to be closed, and the lire rushed by the building with such velocity that it was not burned. Between 300 and 400 hogs belonging to the plantation slaves were destroyed with the pens in which they were kept. Carcasses of burned mules and oxen were scattered about when Mr. Meigs saw the place,and turkey-buzzards were feeding upon them. Not a stick of the timber of the great “ purging” or su gar-cleansing house was left. A large frame building used as a work-shop, containing two steam-engines, a wind mill, etc., escaped, although the flames passed within four feet of the weather boards of the building. At the San Bias estate, live miles east of the San Louis, nearly everything was destroyed but the negro quarters, and the ow ner's dwelling which were of atone, and abutted against a wall facing the track of the flames. The roofs were thatched and eight or ten feet ab >ve the wall, hut such was the fearful rapidity with which the gale carried the l! uue along that, although coming up ! > the wall, not a spark dropped on the roofs. The flames struck thi> wall with such force that they were thrown high in the air, and the wind hurled them over and be yond the buildings. This will serve to give some idea of the terrible velocity of this "whirl wind of tire.” as Mr. Meigs aptly calls it. The fields of growing sugar-cane were, of course, utterly de stroyed. “The cane was literaly burned to below the ground,” said Mr. Meigs. While he was at the ruins of the San Louis plantation he met a number of gentleman who owned distant sugar es tates, and obtained information from them of the destruction of forty-nine other plantations bv the fearful confla gration he had witnessed. Mr, Meigs left the San Ricardo plantation for Ha vana and homo on April HI, four days after the lire. He had at that time heard of fifty-seven different sugar es tates which had sulleml in the great lire. On the way to Havanna he met a merchant of the latter city, an active intelligent business man, who knew tne region in which the lire occurred, and who knew the value of sugar estates. The two “compared notes,” and Mr. Meigs asked the Havanna merchant what he considered the loss would amount to. “ Hie loss will easily reach #100,000,000,” answered the merchant, “ 1 can only guess at it,” said Mr. Meigs, “but i think that #IOO, >OO,OOO is an estimate much within the mark.” At Havanna Mr. Meigs learned of eleven additional estates destroyed, bringing the total up to sixty-eight. The furthest point eastward which Mr. Meigs heard from was Sagua Lagranda, about 100 miles from Havanna. A gentleman from that place told him that everything had been swept away in that section. "Tiie El Triomplt ■, a newspaper in Havana,” said Mr. Meigs to the re porter, " recorded life names of eleven estates as having been damaged by lire. That was all there was of it, and that shows how the censorship of flic gov ernment prevents the press from giving any news. I wrote an account of the lire just after it occurred, and sent it to a friend in New York. But I did not dare to mail it to him openly. 1 knew the government would never let the news of Booh calamities go out of the country. So I sent the letter under cover to a friend in Havana, asking him not to mail it, but to see that it was put on hoard the steamer for New York just at the moment she sailed. My friend did so, and the letter reached its desti nation.” “What will be the effect of such an enormous loss upon the sugar trade?” the reporter asked. “ That cannot he told yet,” was the answer, “ for the wine extent of the tire is not known. I notice that the sugar market is firm. But, as 1 told you, the Cuban government does not permit such news to get abroad.” A COKKE-PONDKNT of the Cincinnati Gmt-tte, writing from Ironton, 0., says: “The Lawrence rolling mill has been running for months on orders as plenti ful as they ever were since it made its first ton of bar iron. The Belfont nail mill has been running ‘ double time’ and a portion of the time three turns daily for almost or quite us long a lime. One of the best furnaces in this section has had an offer for its entire product up to June 1, at figures half a dollar above ruling rates and declined to ac cept it. The .Etna iron works, whose great, and disastrous failure was men tioned in a preceding letter, has made a satisfactory settlement with its credit ors and is preparing to put the Alice furnace in blast as soon as the troul les in the Connellsville region will permit of coke being procured. They will then set to work some 350 or 400 idle hands. The following charcoal furnaces have started or will go into blast short ly; Grant. Monitor, llecla, Buckhorn, Olive, Mount Vernon, Lawrence, Bine Glove Ohio, near Bellefontc across the river in Kentucky; and the following stone coal furnaces as well; Belfont and Sarah, in Ironton, and the Nor ton and Ashland stacks, in Ashland, four miles above Kentucky. Some of these have been idle since 1874. The merchants of the town are feeling in better spirits than they have for a long while, for they believe the turning point has been readied at last. Tne idle men, who, a year ago, were to be found at every street-corner, have gone to work. .Smallgrain crops are promising irqall sections of Georgia. u;KK I'LTI'RK. Thk main object of a fair is of course the gia)d of the tanner, that is the good which he derives Irom comparing his invn products and processes with his neighbors’. Therefore, me display of agricultural products is the first tiling to be regarded. Ok the Hil.ooo pain in premiums lasi year by the agricultural societies in the state of Massachusetts, uearlv ss.oK> was paid for trotting horses. I’his ws more than was paid for premiums on fruits, nwils. grains, orchards, farms ami dairy products. Tkkat the family cow to a little til cake meal every day, and she wll quickly respond in more and much richer milk. Fry it. Fresh ground aid pure it contains a larger per coinage if gluten, albumen, starch, sugar and Ilk. Best spring let'll for all kinds of stock. Kvkry family finds more or lets hones accumulating. Burn them with your wood, and the ashes thus enriched is one of tiie most valuable of all hr-1 tili.’ers. Money can not buy ary l article which will so fertilize your soJ. Bones thus consumed will quadruple i The value of wood ashes, which ii, themselves are among the best of sof-■ 1 clinchers A mwicssvi i. dairy man feeds hs cows night and morning the your round, and in each feed puts a toaspoonful i>f salt. He considers this motleirt of salt me cows preferable to the usual one if giving animals salt once or twice i week and thinks his method adds late ly to the amount of milk given. A Tki'K Faumkk. V true farmer, if culture mid breadth of mimi, is a true man. whatever position you may place him in. He is called upon to till the small hut important neighborhoiHl iif lices. He is commissioner of highways, school director, justice of the peace. He tills the otlices well. His ability s strengthened, lie is sent to legislate for the state. He knows the wants of tiie people and works (or them. A s at in congress is within his reach. 1 1 fact, there need be no ollice within the gift of the people to which lit' may not aspire. Hut such a man will never for get that he is a farm* r, Being a true man, he thus ennobles his profession. He has no cause to be ashamed of it. To him there is no higher calling. And such men will convince, are convincing, the world that there is no occupation higher or more ennobling. Ti’kkky lUsTKus. —The Montieello, lowa, Krprcsa illustrates how easily an important industry can be worked up by genius out of apparently a small matter. Mr. Hoag, of that city, with out any previous knowledge of the business, engaged in a small way in making dusters out of turkey feathers. He has enlarged and improved his business so that he manufactured $lO,- IHHI worth of duster* the hist year. The JixpruiH say> The feathers are pur chased at a ilo/eii diderent points, ami shipped here in large hags or hales. Manchester. Maqnnkota, Strawberry I Point, and Fayette are among the prin cipal points of supply. On arriving at the factory the feathers are lirs! care fully assorted according to length by a female employe. And then they are run through a machine, which splits them and crushes the pith, and makes the horny portion soft and pliable, so that it can he bent and twisted in any direction without breaking. A third woman or girl then lakes the split feathers, and with a knife scrapes away the pith, and passes them on to a man who arranges them in a vice-like ma chine about a turned huh, which con stitutes the core of the Ouster. Three men are kept constantly on this part of die work, in all, the establishment gives employment to four male, and live to seven female employes. The handles are bought ready made, wilh thread on the end. which screws into the huh of the duster, holding the feath ers in place, and giving shape and fin ish to the article. There is a steady demand for these goods. Indeed, Mr. Hoag is ni'iib'e to keep tip with the in creasing orders. H is principal markets are Chicago and St. Louis, where his Oii-lers are given the preference over those manufactured in the city estab lishments. Mr. Hoag inten ts to en large Pis establishment, so as to make treble tbe amount be does at present, and a man who is able by industry and ingenuity to work such a trade will not oe likely to fail. A Nkw Industry.— ln a paper on “Fig Culture at the North a Success.” Mr. <L F. Nedham, of Washington, makes the emphatic statement that no other crop can be raised which will give so certain and so large returns in onr Middle and Northern slates as that de licious fruit, the tig. He says: “The fig flourishes in much more unfavorable climates than our owu. In (Jreat Bri tain, for instance, figs have been grown in tbe open air for more than !SOU years, the original trees brought from Italy by Caidinal Foie still bearing. Now, if in that damp, foggy, ‘misty, moisty’ at mosphere, where melons and cucum ber* can not be grown, the fig will suc ceed, bow much more will it flourish in our bright and sunny climate! The cli mate of our north temperate zone, is one of tbe best possible for the full de velopment of the fig. It isa well known fact that too great beat is initnieable to this plant; it causes the tree to cast its fruit. Onr northern climes are superi or to the southern for another reason— onr days are several hours longer than at the south, which gives a lengthened and tempered day, which precisely suits the fig. Countries where figs are grown as an article of commerce are exposed to similar viciaitudes of climates as are our northern states. 1 have before me a letter from a gentleman in Massachu setts in which lie says: "I was born in fs-vanl, and 1 was a resident in Con stantinople one winter when the Golden Horn fine Bosphorus) was frozen over, and there was a snow fall of eighteen to twenty inches for a couple of weeks, without injury to the fig trees in the vi cinity.” The reason that the fig yields so abundantly is not only that it is pro lific, hut, first because the fruit has no insect enemies, and secondly/ the wood , lias no blight or disease. Every other s[ecies of fruit trees gives the grower a world of trouble on this account. Of these facts all are well aware. Com- j rnon sense is quite as necessary to fig growing as else where. A correspondent i i informs me that he has a "fig tree with thirty-five sprouts." What kind of an apple tree would that l*e? He would have to wait a long time for any apples, and then they would he "smaller by de crees and Ivatftifully less." Cut otV all sprouts hut one ami plant them, and ‘in the sweet by-aud-hy" you will have thirty-five trees. The writer gives the testimony 01 lien. Worthington, alter the experience ol years in cultivating tigs in Ohio, that lh-* tig plant suits the climate there wonderfully, is easily pixv , tected, is a sure hearer, and is very pro lific. When four or five years old the trees produce from the same area, with ess laU*r.*i greater and more certain crop than either potatoes or tomatoes. W hat is true of Ohio the writer claims ts true of the whole north. What v Farm Dkkp Inouuws At a recent meeting of the Massachusetts Board of Agriculture, Judge Bennett stated in an address what a deed of i farm includes: Oi eourse. he said, ev ery one knows it includes the fences standing on the farm, hut a!! might not think it also includes the fencing stuff, posts, rails, etc., which had once heen taken down and piled up lor future use again in the same place. Hut new fencing,just brought and never attached to the soil would not pass. So piles of hop poles stored away, if once used on the laud, have been considered a part of it: hut loose ihoards or scaffold poles laid loosely across the beams of the barn and never fastened to it worn Id not be, and the seller of the (arm might take them away. Standing trees, of eourse, also pass as part of (lie land: so do trees blown or cut down and still left in the woods where they fell, but not if cut or corded up for salt-: the wood has then become personal property. If there be any manure in the barn-yard, or in a • .mip.tsi heap on the field ready for im mediate use, the buyer ordinarily takes that also as belonging to the farm; though it might not be so if the owner had previously sold it to some other party, and collected it together in a heap by itself, lirowing crops also pass h. a deed of a farm unless they are expressly reserved, and when it is not intended to convey those, it should he so stated in the deed itself; a mere oral agreement to that elfeet would not ho valid m law. Another mode is to stipu late that possession is not to he given until some future dav, m which ease the crops or manure may be removed before lhai lime. As i t the buildings on tho farm, though generally mention ed in the deed, it is not absolutely nec essary that they should he. A deed of laud ordinarily carries all the huildiiigs to the grantor, whether mentioned or not; and this rule includes the lumber and timber of any old building which has been taken down or blown down, and has been packed away for future use on the (arm. Hit if there be any buildings on the farm built by some third person, with the farmer’s leave, t'.e deed would not convey these, since such buildings are personal properly, and do in,! belong to the land-owner to convey. The nal owner thereof might move them oil', although the purchaser of the farm supposed he was buying and paying for all the buildings on it. His only remedy in such ease would he against tin- party selling the premises. As part of tlie buildings conveyed, of course, the window blinds are included, even it they he at the lime taken oil' and carried to a painter’s shop to he painted. Ji wonki be otherwise i/ they had been newly pnreha ed and brought into tho honsi, but not yet attached or fitted to it. Lightning rods also go with the house, if a farmer is foolish enough to have any on his house. A furnace in 111? cellar, brick or portable, is consid ered a part of the house, hut an ordin ary stove, with a loose pipe running into the chimney is not. Mho Owns (he I.mid in England. Matt mi Hum - Mii|tn/.ini>. More Ilian half the soil <.f the United Kingdom is noniiimlly owned by some k’.OOU persons. According to a valuable analysis of the very ill-arranged and in complete parliamentary return of the land-owners of the United Kingdom, published in the “Financial Reform Almanac” for 187*. TJI persons are the owners of “1i,880,765 acres, or nearly 5,000,000 aen s more than one-fourth of the total area of the United Kingdom. The mind is unable (o grasp what such n monoply costs the country, hut cer tain features of it stand forth with a prominence sufficiently notable. In a most absolute sense, the well-being of tiie entire population of some 82,000,000 souls is placed in the power ol a lew thotisaiissMids. For these thousand* the multitude toils, and it may he on occa sions starves. Hence it is that all through rural England we have contin ually before us that most saddening of all spectacles, two or three families liv ing in gre* splendor, and hard by their gates tin miserably poor, the abject Haves of the soil, whose sole hope in life is too often the womhonse -that fa mous device against revolution, paid lor by the middle class and the pau per’s grave. Our land-owilbr* have not merely burdened the land with their game preserves; they nave tied it up, and actively conspired to prevent its due cultivation. Instead of rising to the true necessities of the ease, they cling to their game, make penal enact ments about it, and struggle to augment the intensity of the evil which it is to the people, as if the very existence of the country depended on hares and rabbits. In hisalwolule supremacy the land-owner overrides all justice, take's precedence of all ordinary creditors on nis helpless tenants’ estates, and con trolls the system of cultivation, often in otter disregard of private rights or ;n -vate judgment, and, in addition, secures to himself the absolute reversion of every improvement which the tenant may make on the land. Thk three tallest trees in the world are believed to tie a sequoia near Stock ton, Cal., which is feel, and two eucalypti in Victoria, Australia, esti mated Ui he Tto and 460 feet high re spectively. - ♦ • Thk tramis are fleeing Texas, hav ing got the idea that a hid to pul them to work had passed the state legislature. An lowa fanner, who lost bis suit at court, shot and mortally wounded the op|*onng lawyer. Hamer. True to the core —The apple-worm. In the midst of life we are indebt. rietnre frames are not always hung on account of their gilt any more than men. Think twice before you speak; especi ally at an auction sale of old t:n pans. A young man savs: " You can get round the gills al Vassar easy enough, they suek-gum so readily, and are so Vaasa r-lating." A delicate way of complimenting the old lady " Ah! mad one, you grow every day to look more like your daugh ter." As she s*-i the dish of frozen pigs’ leet on the table she remarked to her husband:--** Here’s your solid souse now." “ Mike, and is it yourself that can be after Idlin' me bow they make ice cream "It is. (broth I can. IKm't they hake it in cold ovens, to be sure?" "Isn’t my photograph excellent?" said a voting wife to her husband. " Well, my dear," replied he, " there’s a little too much repose about the mouth for it to tie natural." "The moon is always just the same," he said, languidly, "and yet 1 always find some new beauty in it." " li's just so with the circus," she answered. He tvH'k the hint, and bought tickets for two. A good square kick will sometimes help a man further along m this world toward independence and prosperity than a doveu pulls hy the hand, (hi (Hu /Vnwd'. I’hey now sy ol a liar "He can tire out a fact quicker than any newspaper writer living, hy the simple process of harnessing u up to lus imagination." An honest Hibernian, in recommend ing a cow, said she would give milk year after year w ithout having calves, "Because," said lie, "it runs in the hrade; for she came if a cow dial never had a calf." Thk 1 year-old child is an admirable nucleus for a circus party. As many as fifteen person* have been know n to take an afternoon oil'just to "see that the elephant didn't step on the little fellow." AVie //diva Ifo/uln. Patrick "And, Biddy,darliut,they've been tollin' me there’s too many of us in the wurrld. Now, if you and me get the praste to make us two wan, troth there will he wan the less"" Fmini / h'olkii, A young man went into a florist's store other day to buy a rose-hud for his affianced. Seventy-five cent was the price asked. "Will it keep?" in quired the young man. " tfii yes, a long w hile." "Then you may keep it." A mule's head does not contain a brain capable of culture and refined rearing, hut il is wonderful to what an extent the other end of his form can he reared. An umbrella e.iu’l get ahead of a cod fish in keeping a person dry. But, then it would sound 1 111111 ylo have your neighbor come over m a thunder shown r ami ask to borrow your codfish, A black stocking with n yellow snake coiled around the leg, is the latest nov elty. When the girls get to wearing these stocking thousands of men will he anxious to see snakes. "Slop Ht'iulmm to nu> your jnrnel enny iimrc. w >Oll didn't mil is ili lnnn hogg 1110 hll“li.iiiil luilcherCd Hominy, and it don'l li' my pantry shelves ennyliow." Tlit> hush -no, llio “hogg" weight'd !IS7. P'.pilapli on a tombstone in South Ca rolina: " I loro is tho laaly of Itohert (hmhn, inoulli almighty and let th ac cordin; stranger, I mail lightly ovr this woiitlor: it Im opt Mis his mouth von aro gone liy thunder." An orator wlio much in tlcimtiul in polilieal campaigns, lining a ked liy an atliinror the secret of Ini sut'ceaa, re plied: "Wilt'll I liavti facta, I give ’em (at'tft; Iml wlion 1 liavon'l, i yell ami caw llio air.” Tho worsi liltin' that can l>o said of llio house liy is that il miliiotiinoN so bothers tlio ininialor wliilo ho is preach ing that il makes il appoar to llio con gregal ion that ho is winking alone of llio Sunday school sisters in llio Mallory. I‘hihulrlphin Chnmit'Jr llfinihl. " My doaroal Maria," wrote a roomily inarriotl Brooklyn hinhand U> hia wife. Slio wrote hark: " Dearest, lot mo cor* roci Aithor your grammar or your mor ula. Von adtlroaa mo ‘My doaroal Ma ria.’ Am Ito suppose you have oihor dear Marina?” 'J’lio ania/.onionl and aurpriao of llio oiiiu.ll hoy will ho al ila height when ho discovers that hia father’a cow ia a foot larger every way than the “mammoth mountain of lloali" that takoa the pari of tin; elephant in the circua AVtc Ha wn HttfiMtr. She figured mi: “Two eanaat 2<t oenta, 40 cents that is IfiO oysters: milk, (ml lor and aundnoa, $1 50 that ia IflOalowa, al 25 oenta, will he fid. A lint profit of over $54.').” flien aho smiled sweetly, and the oyatermau knew that she was tho refreshment committee of tho church festival. "Dearest, lot us in this cafe refresh ourselves for a brief pciiod,” said a swell young man to a spirituelle creature. "Whal’llyou have? ’ said (ho waile , handing the lady a hill of fare. "Oh, never mind the hill of lare," aho replied; ‘Vivo me a plain of cod-fish cakes wilti plenty of butter." The young man fainted. The peach crop is going to he unusu ally large, and a very beautiful spring bonnet can he lanight lor $22. This announcement ahonld send a thrill of joy through the married man’s entire being. SorriMuwn Hrratd, Del yon ever lake notice of how the young man from the hackwooda fingers round in his change pocket after in dulging his appetite at a corner grocery n ’alf pound crackers ami ’alf pound cheese? He's look ng to see how he is coming out after purchasing a bran new knife. UinnUd N> uv. A man on Arltor lull last evening aimed a gun at hia little son, a beauti ful creature with golden hair to his waist, and playfully threatened to shoot him. Tim guo turned out to he un loaded. Jt will lie placet) in the state library, aa the only weapon of the kind known to American gunnery. —Albany Journal, A worthy Baptist minister in the west gently rebuking his Hock for their extravagance in dress. used the word '* garbage," supposing ii in Ih> more elegant form of "garb.” Wild hilarity in the choir and horrible consternation among the devout portion of the flock. At last it has been discovered “ How to keep a boy on the farm." The plan is to kill him and bury him six feet deep in the barn-yard. This rule does not apply in Ohio, however, where body-snatching makes it extremely doubtful where the boy would be a week after burial. .YoirufvtN’n Hrrahi. I'bere appeared to be some irresisti ble force endeavoring to impede bis progress, as tie would shakily advance a step or two, and then execute a retro grade movement, bringing up at the starting-point, lie was undoubtedly as drunk as a lord, and the ground ap peared to roll beneath him like unto the ocean'.' restless waves. All at once he was seen to reel, endeavor to catch himself, and then sink heavily into a heap on the pavement, and when the by-standera ran to Ins assistance, bo said. “'Aldt sheverest shock fan earthquake eve: speriensbed, ’n’ I've bin on isb coast siiinoe 'AO. Mntsob damage done, y* reckon?" KIUSOVS DYNAMO MAHIINK. He Dels It lute Dorking Onler, amt l iclils I p His Nho|> In an Instant. New 1 ,vrk WorUI. May .., !• >r the past three days Kdison has been perleeting ins new dynamo-elec tric maelnne, ami a HWIil reporter has been watching the progresa of the operation. At one time the power applied was too great for the wires, and they Were torn from the bole •'in. Ihe next day a envn it crossed,the machine did not work well, and tin* bobbin was unwound. At it o’clock in the morning one of Kdison’s assistance began to rewind the Itonhin, and late at night it was ready for trial. Yesterday afternoon Kdison and Mr, bachelor, his duel assi-tant. were wide awake although they had not been in bed since tun early evening of 1 1|, previous day. Kdison said ins generator, of dynamo machine, had worked well earlv yesterday morning, and, although ii man was engaged in painting it, he thought he could get good results from it, and would immediately start it. The parts of the machine were hastily put together, the binding-posts were at tached to wires connected with live of Wallace’s lamps (in which the voltaic arc is used), and steam-power was ap plied. Almost instantaneously all of Ihe lamps were lighted. This opera tion showed four peculiarities. The machine did not become hot, it gave off lew sparks, the lamps gave a steady light, although currents of air were not excluded, ami live lamps were lighted from one machine, with one-half of one horse power for each lamp. The ex periment, although imperfectly made, was entirely satisfactory, and showed that Kdison’s generator will allow of more lamps in a circuit, or, in other works, develop more dvnamo-elecirie power per horsmpower than anv ma chine vet. constructed. ’t he advantages of K lison’s machine, so far us they have been demonstrated, consist of obtaining a great amount of electricity with the development of lit tle hem. The transmitted power is therefore almost entirely converted W lo electricity. These results are ob tained by getting a larger limnetic Held and employing a superior method of winding the bobbin with the insulated wires. Kdison will now have thirty of these machines constructed for the for mation < I his model station, which will probably he at Menlo Park. It is es timated that he can get at least 400 lights hy means of his eighty-horse power steam-engine and thirty of his dynamo-eleotrie machines, lie con sult rs that he has folly solved the prob lem of the economical generation of ehelrieit v and the subdivision of the lighl, and he will now devote his time to producing a lamp wh ! oh will he with out (law. It is due to Kdison that an error which crept into the account of Ins work in Wednesday’s Win hi should he corrected. It. was staled that us more resistance was offered to the pas sage of the current more lighl would lie obtained. This should he "morn sub division of the light." Kdison alto was credited with saying that it would be perfectly easy for him to get sixty-can dle power from each of his lamps*, but be limit! and them to six. It was intend ed to say that theoretically he could get sixty gas-j< i power from each lamp, but preelfcally he limited hiinsolfto six. The I’liiicess f ftrlsfliu Dead. Nw York Him. A dispatch from Madrid announces tlie death of tiie second daughter of the I hike of Montpensior, at Hcville, on Monday, at the age of U 7, Princess Mana-Chriaiina war horn in Hoville, in October, Him was the sister of Mercedes, the late ')ueen of Hpain, and of Marie-lsahelle, Countess of Paris, and cousin of King Alfonso. Her death leaves the Duke of Monlpensier with only two children living, one of whom is tiie Countess of Paris, and the other a son, Prince Anloitio-Louia-Phllippo, aged l!l. But lie lias two grand-chil dren, a son and a daughter of the Count of Paris. They ward troth horn in Twickenham, England, where the Or leans family reside. The Duke of Montpensior married the Piineess Mane l/mise, sister of ex- Cpieen Isabella, in 18Hi, and has during the whole of his life been intriguing to secure the throne of Hpain either for himself nr at least for one of his chil dren. He succeeded in arranging the marriage of Mercedes and Alfonso, but the early death of the t^men put attop to his influence upon government mai lers in Hpain. It was rumored that the Princess Maria Christina was to become the second wife of the King of Hpain, hut the disparity of age alone would have been an obstacle to such a match, the Princess having been live years old er than the King. Her death will pre clude all |H>s-ihility of Alfonso XII. marrying into the Orleans family. The Princess’ remains will he placed near those of her sister, the late (jneen M'-roedes, in the E-curial. The Court will go into three months' mourning.