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Iowa County democrat. [volume] (Mineral Point, Wis.) 1877-1938, May 13, 1909, Image 5

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The Grand Army Badge.
I am asked to give something in the
way of a history of the Grand Array
badge. The order of the Grand
Army of the Repub'lc was organized
in the year 18CG. Dr. B. F. Stephen
son and the Rev. W. J. Rutledge
were the moving spirits in the mat
ter. Both had been members oi the
14th Illinois infantry, Stephenson sur
geon, and Ru ledge chaplain. The
two soldiers were tentma es and
bosom friends. While their regimen*
was on the march they rode side by
sid<‘, and whiled away the long hour
in conversation upon subjects of in
terest to both. When they were on
Sherman’s Meridian expedition m
February, 3 BG4, they got to talking
about the probability of some sort o:
organization of war veterans after the
close of the war, and they agreed that
if their lives were spared, they would
undertake to bring about some such
The two men came home well and
happy after the union was saved and
soon began to correspond concerning
this matter about which they had
talked so much on the march. Omit
ting many de ails, it nifty be said In
irief that these two, with a few other
veterans, prepared an appropriate
ritual and took the obligation that
made them the first members ot the
Grand Army of the republic. Tin
first G. A, R. post was organized at
Decatur, Illinois, on the Gth of April,
18G6. It was on the 7th day of June,
’GG, when the department of Wiscon
sin was organized, here in Madison,
with General Jane s K. Broudiit as de
partment commander. Ilis home is
now In Kansas City, Kansas, and he is
the oldest living department com
Two days after the organization of
rhe department. June 9, 18G6, our lo
cal G. A. R. post was organized, and
its present charter is dated June 10,
The Badge.
E ery society must have its official
badge, and our was adopted in IXfJG.
but since then some changes have
been made in its form. On the first
of October, 18f*8, the national council
of administration decreed that an
eagle should be added to the top of
the badge, and that a circular piece
of metal should be suspended from it,
<>n which should be placed the In
signia of rank, much the same as W"
now have it on the miniature rank
strap used in connection with tin
Contracts were made for the manu
facture of these badges, plated with
silver or gold or solid, at prices rang
ing from forty cents to $25 each; but
the manufacturer having failed, ami
there being serious objections to such
variety of materials and prices. led
Vdjutant General Chipman to recoin
mend the reference of the matter to
a committee who should consult ex
ports and design another badge. This
action resulted in the adoption, at tin.
national encampment of October 27.
ISM. Of the badge which was, by Cir
cular No. 2 Fehruar,' IS, ISTo. des
cribed as follows:
“The badge is of bronze, made from
cannon captured in different decisive
battles during the late rebellion, and
form of a five pointed s ar. similar in
design to the two hundred medals of
honor authorized by act of congress to
be given to soldiers and saliors most
distinguished for meritorious and gal
iant condm durine the late war.
The Obverse.
"In the center of the badge is the
figure of the Goddess of Liberty, rep
resenting Loyalty: and two children
receiving benediction and assurance
of protection from th comrades, rep
resenting Charity. On each side or
the group is the national flag and
eagle, representing Freedom, and the
axe. or bundle of rods, or fascus. rep
rt seating union. In each point of the
star is the insignia of the various arm?
ot the service, viz., the bugle for in
fantry, cross cannon for artillery,
cross muskets for the marine, cross
swords for cavalry and the anchor tor
sailors. Over the central group are
the words. "Grand Army of the Re
public." and under the words and
figures. "IMli—Veteran—l Sthk" com
memorating the commencement and
the close of the rebellion, and also the
date of organization of the order.
The Reverse Side.
Represen s a branch of laurel—the
crown and reward of the brave —in
eai h point of the star. The national
seal hi the center, surrounded by the
twenty-four recognized corps' badges
numerically arranged, each on a key
stone and all linked together, showing
they are united, and will guard and
protect the shield of the nation.
Around the center is a circle of stars,
representing the states of the union
and the departments composing the
grad army of the republic.
The Clasp.
Is composed of the figure of an
eagle, with the cross cannon and am
munition representing defence: the
eagle with drawn sword hovering over
and always ready to protect from in
sult or dishonor, the national flag,
which is also the ribbon of the or
The eag'e cn the grand army badge
is a fac-similie of the eagle on the
“Medal of Honor” ordered by con
gress to be presented for individual
acts of bravery. The stars in the
two badges are very much alike.
Under Commander-In-Chief Earn
shaw chosen in 1880. there were
slight changes made in the shape of
the star and the form of the eagle,
which made the badge just like the
pic ure at the head of this article.
Badge for G. A. R. Officers.
At the 7th national encampment
in May, 1873. the following direction
was adopted concerning the official
“The official badge is to consist of
a miniature strap and plain ribbon to
which shall be pendant :he bronze
star of the membership badge;; that
this strap be one and one-half inches
In length, one-half inch in width,
( nameled, with a border one-sixteenth
of an inch in width, oi gold or gilt,
an on it the insignia of official posi
tion in the Grand Army of the Re
public, making use of the familiar
star, eagle, leaf and bar of the old
service, substantially as determined
and recommended for official badges
by the national council of administra
tion and anounced in Circular No. 6,
Headquarters Grand Army of the Re
public, January 4, 1869; except that
for aides-de-camp to the commander
in- chief there be substituted a silver
eagle, and for aides-de-camp to de
partment commanders a silver leaf;
for the words, ‘General Commander,'
read ‘Departmenr Commander;’ that
the field in enamel be. for national
and department officers, black; for
post officers, dark blue.
“That the ribbon be one and one
half inches in length in the clear, and
cue and one-fourth inches in wid h and
in color, for national officers, buff, for
department officers, cherry red. and
for post officers, light blue.
"That this badge be worn conspicu
ously on the left breast of the coat.
“That, to distinguish officer? of dif
ferent depar.nients, a miniature shield
in gold or gilt, with the coat of arms
of the state, may he worn pendant to
the strap.”
At the next national encampment it
was decided that post officers may
wear the rank strap of the highest of
fice they have held.in the grand army
the same to be clasped about the
proper ribbon and just below the
eagle of the membership badge, to
which the whole should he pendant.
In 1886. at the national encamp
ment at San Francisco, two more
corps badges were added to the
twenty-four on the reverse side, and
just hack of the bronzt* eagle there
was put a campfire design—a coffee
kettle hanging over a fire. The badge
as thus completed has been duly pat
ented for the exclusive use of mem
bers, in good standing, of the Grand
Army of the Republic.
The Button Badge.
At Minneapolis, in 1884. a resolution
was adopted looking to the prepara
tion of a design for a button badge.
Such design was later presented and
adopted. This is the little bronze
button so familial in these days on the
left lapel of the coats of Grand Army
Made From Captured Cannon.
For several years before I's'O the
metal of these badges came from guns
bought of various societies to which
they had heetu givetn by congress for
monumental purposes, but since then
captured cannon have been purchased
from the government for this pur
pose. These guns have been select
ed from those stored at Governor s is
land. and wore made by Noble Broth
ers. Home. Georgia; Quimby and
Robinson. Memphis: John Clark. New
Orleans: and A. R. R. Bros.. Vicks
burg. Some of these are presumably of
English metal. ..
To prepare this metal for badges
the gun is put into a lathe and cut in
to sections. These pieces are then
melted, cast into small pigs, re-melted
and refined to get out of it every trace
of iron or lead. Twenty per cent of
copper and zinc is then added to
make the metal so it will not break
in further work upon it. A rough
form of the star is then cast in sand.
This blank is freed from sand and
again annealed, and the Are coating
is removed by acid baths, after which
it is thoroughly rinsed to remove all
traces of the acids, which would
otherwise destroy the dies. The piece
is then placed between steel dies and
put under a pressure of about four or
five times, every piece being cleaned
and annealed after every operation.
The edges, which have been expand
ed under the heavy blows, are trim
med by machinery, and the piece is
again put into the press to bring every
part into relief. The outline is then
perfected by special machinery, the
edges are filed by hand, the swivels
are inserted, the star numbered, and
the initial of the Commander-in-Chief
of that term added. The badge is
then ready for the final finish by a
special process, which is adopted to
the peculiar quality of metal in each
gun. All this is for the scar in the
badge. The eagle from which it is
hung by the ribbon is subjected to
the same general process, but it re
quires much less pressure in the
stamping machine.
Just think, comrades, how much
pains cur G. A. R. badges receive to
make them so nearly perfect as hu
man genius is capable. I think that
if you have read this clear through
you will set a still higher value upon
■he official token of your membership
in the Grand Army of the Republic.
There is in Wisconsin, as in several
other states, a law against the wear
ing of a G. A. R. badge, either the
one described above or the button, by
any one not in good standing as a
member. It is a matter of regret, how
ever, that some persons who claim to
have been loyal soldiers of the union
and to have taken oath to do all in
their power to maintain the laws of
their state and nation, will, though
not members of the order, go about
with Grand Army buttons on their
coats. I have heard one of these men
say that he will wear the little bronze
button in spite of either the Grand
Array or the state of Wisconsin. It
goes without saying that a person of
this kind is a discredit not only to the
Grand Army but to the whole body of
loyal soldiers and the state whose
laws protect him. By his action he
mriiitests a for law and
good citizenship. True Grand Army
men. though they may not bring him
into court and have him fined, do hold
him in silent and honest contempt.
The cammander-!n-chief of the Grand
Army wears a rank strap with four
silver stars; a department commando •
—a department is in most cases the I
same as a state—there are 45 of them, I
two silver stars. A post commander !
wears a silver eagle, a senior vice !
commander of a post a silver leaf, a !
junior vice commander gilt leaf; post I
chaplain a small silver cross, post
officer of the day two gilt bars, adju
tant, quartermaster and patriotic In
structor one guilt bar, officer of the
guard a strap with vacant field.
A full official G. A. R. badge costs
a dollar—a bronze button for lapel of
coat ten cents.
An eagle indicates the rank of
colonel; gilt leaf, major; two bars,
captain; one bar, first lieutenant; va
cant field, second lieutenant.
In no Grand Army journal—post, de
par, merit or national —are titles of
rank used. There are captains, col
onels or generals. All go by the high
er title—comrade. But many Grand
Army men, in their personal inter
course, like to play with titles of rank,
—call one another—and be called —
captain, colonel or general. It is a
harmless sort of play, and there is no
law to the contrary. Such titles
cost nothing, and why shouldn’t Tom
and Bill and Joe take possession of
such as please them? It is very
likely that they fought well enough
for their country as privates in the
rear rank to deserve one or more of
them, anyhow. But they do not so
publish themselves in the official rec
ords of the Grand Army of the Re
public. There the war-time general
and the private hold the same rank.
All are comrades.
At a Western Dance
A western dancing party has feat
ures—and distinctive ones at that,
its frequency and Ls duration are per
haps the most noticeable of these, for
it is no co iveutional 4 hour dance but
an affair which takes no note of time
and is dissipation itself. Four nights
in a week is the average rate and
from 8 p. m. until 5 a. in. are the aver
age hours. Such a system of social
fnvoiity makes physical culture sound
like play and the average easterner
finds himself unable to compete.
The method of invitation to these
functions —or the lack of it —is unique-
The usual procedure is for the dancers
to walk in unannounced upon the host
and hostess as ’.ate or as early in the
evening as the dancing humor may
have seized them and announce that
there is to be a party. The really po
■iite tiling for the host and hostess to
do at this juncture is to rise up from
bed fit', as often happens, it is past
the rearing hour), move bed and other
bulky furnishings out of doors and be
gin to cut up a candle for waxing of
the floor.
There are other features, too. which
are unusual. For instance, one could
scarcely believe unless one saw for
himself, that a dozen couples could
two-step blithely in a room 10x12 feet
and collide only at every fourth turn.
Yet this same feat has been accom
plished. Orchestra, dancers and wall
flowers are indistinguishahly mingled
in the confusion —and, by the way, the
sex of the wail flower is changed in
this longtitude. Girls are so few that
ever,' one of them is in constant de
mand and it is the men who view their
luckier partnered companions from
the disconsolate side lines.
If the house is possessed of two
rooms, one is apportioned to the wraps
and the babies and the two are indis
criminately mingled. I shall long re
member an experience of my own un
der such circumstances. Two of us
had retired utterly fagged out. to such
a small room and curling up on a
heap of fur coats were preparing for a
short nap. hidden from watchful
partners. Ml at once the coat I lay
on moved under me and I sat up
rather hastily. At that, the pillow
rolled over and revealed itself as a
much dimpled, flushed and sleepy pil
low. 1 unearthed four such surprises
befoie my nap was an assured pros
pect. Such conditions as these make
a reader of Owen Wister smile in
ready remembrance of one of the X Ir
anian's pranks.
be no extra room the babies were
pi ed up on coats behind the s:ove. in
one corner of the big bunk room,
.lust at an exciting moment in a lively
quadrille, down came the stove-pipe
wit a a cloud of soot. There was much
screaming of mothers, but on damage
cone except the waking of the babies,
who sat up in a sleepy row. much in
jured at this disturbal of their nap.
The west is an education in danger
and its stoical enduance —even to
b: hies.
The orchestra for these festive af
fairs is variable in quantity and qual
ity. In the homes of luxury it con
sists of an organ and a violin. From
that splendid climax it descends
through varying stages co a mouth
harp. One of the most successful
dances 1 attended, had an orchestra
consisting ot two voices and a guitar.
They sang rag time to the twanging ac
companiment and when they wearied
of singing they whistled. Theodore
Thomas himself could not have been
more ingenious—or more untiring.
Since a group of homesteaders is
necessarily a motley gathering of
many nationalities and types, the
style of dancing varies widely. Here
an ex-college man and his partner be
tray an atmosphere of dancing mas
ters and polished ballroom; there, a
big Swede sheep herder drags after
him hi* luckless partner in the mad
turns and twists of his own Swedish
method. And by the way. if there is
anything funnier than a Swede in
his first two-step. 1 have yet to see
it. The girls become past masters of
versatile dancing because they must
accommodate their steps to every
known variety of partner.
Truly, a western dance is desper
ately funny and desperately tiring, but
vet as the sun beams in on black
ringed eyes, weary feet and aching
heads, one opens ones eyes and stirs
his benumbed faculties enough to
ask “Where will the next one be?”
—I. L. M.
Habits of the Lovely Creature as
Observed in Captivity.
New York Sun—A good sized shell
of the paper nautilus may bring!<s.
and S3OO has been paid for a very
la: ge specimen. That being the case
it is not surprising that the people
living on the islands off the Cali
fornia coast, get out in their boats
bright and early after heavy gales
to search the little beaches for the
coveted treasure.
The shells are thrown up by the
waves, but unless promptly taken
away the next rush of water may
break them to pieces. The name
paper nautilns suggests the extreme
fragility of the vaselike shell, deeply
fluted and coiled, with a sharp keel
and the most graceful ribs, and
sometimes more than 10 or 11 inen
es across.
While the empty shells are scarce
they are positively common compared
with the rarity of the occupied ones.
A writer in Country Life in America
says that be has hunted the beaches
for years, hoping to find a living
nautilus, but without success.
Three were brought to him by
more fortunate searchers, and for a
while he kept one of them alive.
It took food from his hand and fhe
first photographs ever made of a
living paper nautilus were secured.
“The shell,” he says, “is not essen
tial to the animal; it is only a dainty
object having the shape of a shell
1 formed for the protection of its
eggs. It is. then, *a nest and in no
way connected with the animal, as
; n the case of the pearly nautilus,
where the animal forms partitions
as it grows and is connected with
them all by fleshy pedicle or cord.
The paper nauiilus can dart out of
its fairy ship at a second’s notice.
“Glancing into the shell we may
see a yellow bunch of miniature
grapes hanging from the interior
! wall—the eggs—and perched in front
of them is the argonaut, looking very
much like an octopus or devilfish.
From the number of empty shells
found upon Santa Catalina beaches
in winter and summer it might be
assumed that the argonaut deserts
the shell at times and ]ive s a roving,
octopus-like life.
‘in appearance it is one of the
i most beautiful of all animals as it
(rests in its shell, trembling with
I color, as waves of rose, rel low, green.
| violet and all tints of brown are
The material of which this smart frock was fashioned was green and
while gingham in large plaid design. The little full was long and
attached by a broad belt cut bias to a little side pleated skirt with center
box pleat trimmed with pearl buttons. Several straps of white lawn joined
by faggotiing extended across the shotulders, and this trimming was re
peated on the cuffs. A soft Low of black satin ribbon finished the neck of
the little waist and above this showed a dainty guimp. Pearl buttons out
lined the termination of the bodice at the shoulder.
continually sweeping over it; now
irised in the most delicate shade of
blue. now.b.own or green changing
to rose, vivid scarlet of molten sti
ver. So sensitive is it that every
convulsive movement of the mantle
of my paper nautilus, in taking in
water to breath and forcing it out
of the siphon, caused a wave of col
or to pass over the entire body.
“When the water was taken in
the color cells contracted, leaving
it pale for a fraction of a second;
when it was forcer out they evi
dently relaxed and the entire sur
face was suffused with color, to dis
appear as quickly, giving a continu
ous heat lightning effect,
"The body of the little argonaut
Is a mere sac from three to six
inches in length. The head appears
to be separated from the body by a
neck and In each side are large,
black, staring eyes, surrounded by a
hand of silver tinted with ultrama
line. continually changing.
“The glare of his hypnotic eye is
striking, and when the animal sinks
into its shell or hides the eye can
be pla'nly seen through it. The eye
also has a peculiar sac or cover that
slides over it in lieu of a lid whicn
deadens the sight but does not des
troy it.
“Like the octopus. it has eight
i arms or tentacles, in pairs,. which
; rise from the head and surround the
| small month, in which are seen two
black, parrotlike beaks with which
the nautilus nips its food. Below
the mouth is the so-called siphon—
| a tube about as large as a man’s
[ finger—which seems to possess a
sense peculiarly its own and a double
function—it serves to carry off the
water taken in at the gills, or
through it may be forced a jet of
ink; or it can throw* a jet of water
and ink, or water alone, a distance
of five or s*x feet in the air, or
while in the water can almost in
stantly permeate it with a cloud of
ink. Forcing water through this si
phon violently, the argonaut shoots
itself along or swims, and by point
ing it up or down it can change the
direction at will.
“Of the three living specimens
that I have kept in confinement one
was four or five inches long, an
other eight or nine. The small one
was extremely active, leaving its
shell to crawl about its prison and
darting back with great agility, di
recting its funnel backward at the
cluster of eggs changing in the in
terior of the shell, always paying
the most assiduous attention to them
to prevent the intrusion of any par
asite or enemy.
“It would recline against the weed
covered rock, w r atch ng me or eye
ing my hand as it moved about,
blushing, paling, displaHng remark
able sensitiveness, and when I
touched the shell would protest by
pumping violently, shooting the shell
backward; and if I held on, aiming
the siphon at my hand and pump
ing water at it, on one occasion fill
ing the water with an extraordinary
vo 'y or cloud of ink.”
Moret Libel.
Customer—l want to get a piece of
silver as a wedding present for a man
who's marrying a Boston girl. What
would you suggest?
Clerk—An icepick.—The Bellman.
His Specialty.
“Kipps makes mountains out of
mo'e hills!”
“Yes. He is the writer of adver
tising circulars for a picturesque sum
mer resort.” —Puck.
The Poet—“l am at a loss to know
whether I owe what I am to my en
vironment or my heredity.” The
friend—•“ Don’t know which to blame,
elx?" —Cleveland Leader.
Foreign Notes of Interest
i .oiessor Lombroso, the eminent
criminologist, in a letter to a Paris
journal, comments upon the patholog
ical effects of the Messina earth
quake, tie writes; “No one, even
though seriously wounded, spoke of
physical suffering. The panic, the
terror took possession of their senses
and paralyzed all sense of pain.
Men who had an arm broken ran
miles without knowing it; a woman
w hose eye was so badly hurt that it
had to be removed, declared that she
felt nothing. With bare feet, clad with
only a shirt, the first thought of the
survivors was to fly, and they set off
without thought or reflection, without
knowing why they ran. This is prob
ably the primordial hereditary im
pulse which made men of older times
floe from forest fires and wild beasts;
perhaps with those who were buried
in the ruins for some time it was the
reaction against the compulsory im
mobility against which heart and mus
cles, thirsty for movement, had re
volted. The manifestations of mad
ness were extraordinary. The pre
dominant form of madness was the
folie furieuse. However. I believe
that madness of this kind is neither
as dangerous nor as persistent as
has been said. In many cases the at
tack was providential, for it stifled
the consciousness of pain and the
power to comprehend the disaster.
There was a striking episode of col
lective mutism. At the time of the
people were about to enter a factory.
They remained outside, and thus were
saved, but their amazement was so
great that when the director of the:
factory called out their names
scarcely one answered; their own
names had slipped their recollection ”
Professor Lombroso also gives some
remarkable instances in which the
instance of self-preservation showed
itself very strongly. Women and
children remained two days sitting
on window sills on the third and
fourth floors, with a great drop on
either side, and yet they refused to
fall a prey to sleep or fatigue—
Victor Horsley delivered an address
the other day on alcohol and the na
lional life. Among other things he
said that a man who took alcohol be
cause he liked it w r as acting disloy
ally towards his country, it had been
said that alcohol was one of the most
important, if not the most important,
food of the working man. It was not
a food. The net result of it was loss
and not profit. Whereas the expendi
ture on alcohol in the great London
hospitals was, in 1562, nearly £B.OOO
a year, in 1002 it was under £3 000.
and. conversely, the expenditure on
milk rose from £3.000 to over £B,OOO.
Since the London county council had
taken over the asylums the consump
tion therein of alcohol had been enor
mously reduced. So far back as
1726 the Royal College of Physicians
had reported that the daily use of al
cohol rendered “people not fit for
business. ’’ and that its consumers
were producing - children w-hich
“would not. be a source of strength to
the nation, but a charge.” Twenty
five years ago the late Sir James
Paget had showed that Great Britain
lost an immense amount, of useful
work, not by grave illness, but by
small maladies produced by drinking.
The researches of Mr. Moore in
south Australia had demonstrated that
the larger proportion of these small
maladies fell on the so-called “moder
ate drinker.” Passing to more serious
maladies, Sir Victor said they knew
perfectly well that the death-rate
among publicans as compared with
others was 16 to 10. He was of opin
ion that intemperance could be dealt
with by licensing legislation. Tin
question arose., did higher licensing
duties diminish the number of public
houses? They most certainly did.
He did not believe in the municipali
zation of public-houses. He did not
approve of any section of the nation
deriving profit from the drink trade.
Referring to the moral aspect of the
drink question, he maintained that no
national life could exist without a
keen, active moral souse. Alike phys
iologically, economically, and morally,
the drink habit was most injurious
and to be condemned.
More than a year ago the Master of
Cains college, Cambridge—the vice
chancellor-—referring to recent de
bates in parliament, said that he be
lieved that thore was ample authority
in existing university statutes for all
the needed reforms, which were the
subject of public discussion. He sug
gested that the university ought to
reform itself. In consequence of this
suggestion various special committees
were appointed to investigate weak
points in university administration.
Such topics as the relatio nof the col
leges to the university; the scholar
ship system; the expense of a univer
sity career; and the government of
the university, have been most care
fully considered, and certain schemes
of reform, acceptable to moderate
men of both parties will soon be laid
before the authorities. One subject
which has attracted much attention
has been the question of scholarships.
It is possible for a well-to-do student
to resign the emolument of his schol
arship while retaining the status of a
scholar, but except in one or two col
leges few scholars have availed them
selves of this privilege. It is now sug
gested. and some colleges are prepared
to act upon the suggestion, that in
future a scholarship shall carry with
it but a minimum payment, and that
those scholars who require further
assistance shall receive it in accord
ance with their poverty ra*her than
their ability. These suggestions, how
ever. have not met with universal ap
proval. The following words of a
famous schoolmaster, the late Arch
bishop Temple, are quoted: “With
regard to our scholarships, if you
see him, will you tell him that we
wish to have as large a competition
for our scholarships as possible, and
that poverty has nothing to do with
them? I shall always be glad if a
poor boy gets one. but not if he gets it
by a cleverer boy not standing. If
once the world gets the notion that
they are not for brains and industry,
but for poverty, the whole plan be
comes useless.”
A question which is now (ho sub
ject of much discussion in Oxford uni
versity relates to the position of
women students, now under the con
trol of the association for the educa
tion of women, and of the authori
or of the committee for Oxford house
students. Nearly all college lecturers
admit them as part of their audience;
they go without restriction to the pre
lections of university professors and
readers; and the delegates oi Uhml
examinations arrange for their admis
sion to the ordinary univerity i \ani
mations. Their numbers are increas
ing, and it is urged that the univer
sity should appoint a delegacy or a
committee to do officially the work
now done by the association for the
education of women. No proposal to
confer degrees is at present under
consideration; and the suggestion now
made, which merely recognizes an ex
isting stale of things, will be sup
ported by many who are not in favor
of women’s degrees. This latter
question stands much where It did.
The personnel of the university has
changed greatly since it was last
raised; but not ail the younger fel
lows of colleges are supporters of
• women's rights” in the university;
opinion among them is divided, just
as it was. and Is, among (heir seniors.
There is a distinctly humorous side
to the official mourning for the late
emperor and dowager empress of
China. Thus the now baby emperor
protests that on the three occasions
of the deaths of the Emperors Tao-
Kwang (1850). Hsien-Peng ( 1861).
and T’ung-chih (1874). their respec
tive successors, in spite of the modest
dying disclaimers of their deceased
ancestors that their deserts would be
met by twenty-seven days' mourning,
in each case successfully insisted
upon wearing sackcloth for twenty
seven days, and then uncolored silk
for a hundred days. He says that
nothing short of (his will satisfy his
acute filial feeling, notwithstanding
any wish the late Grand-Dowager
may have expressed to the contrary.
The board of riles in an unsealed
memorial, solemnly discusses the fur
ther question whether, during these
twenty-seven days of sackcloth, the
new monarch ought not to use blue
ink instead of red for inditing decrees
and rescripts. This point is conceded.
The board, however, proposes, on
second thoughts, that blue Ink be list'd
for a hundred days, as the emperor Is
going to mourn for that-length of
tira- . Meanwhile the head of an ed
ucational establishment incurs the
imperial infant’s displeasure by seed
ing in a sealed memorial after only
nine days have elapsed from the
date of the late emperor's death, in
stead of waiting fifteen days. It is to
be noted, also that the new emperor
now ceases to be Ids own father’s son,
and becomes the son of Ids late uncle.
In addressing the emperor of Japan,
he talks of “my late father's decease,"
and of “my late grandmother’s de
Hezekiah Horsefly smiled knowingly
as he stood In the crowd in front of the
fortune-teller’s booth, with one hand
on his silver watch.
“She’ll tell you your past —shell tell
you your future —she’ll tell you your
name!’’ roared the barker through his
“Bet a squash she can't do it!” mut
tered Hezekiah to himself.
“If she can’t t<dl you your name
she’ll refund your money!" yelled the
barker, as he seized up Hezekiah and
seemed to know what was passing in
his mind.
By hen. I'll do it!” exclaimed the
man from Podunk. “I’ll hev some fun
fur nothin!” and a moment later ho
paid $2 in advance and was sitting
face to face with Madam Tabasco,
“the famous gypsy queen.”
“You are going on a long Journey,"
she began, as she studied his hand.
“Yep; that’s what they all say,”
sneered Hezekiah. “(Jo on and tell me
my name or gimme my money back. ’
“A blonde lady, w hom you have never
seen, has fallen madly in love with
you, and —”
“i don’t keer a pumpkiin seed if
she has!” he broke in agrily. “I’m
here to be told my name.”
“But I warn you to beware of a
short, fat man,” continued Hie fortune
teller. “He will —”
“And I don’t care a bumble bee
about a short fat man!” exclaimed
Hezekiah. “I want my name, or there’ll
be sum trouble around here. You know
you can’t tell it.”
“You would have me tell you your
name?” she asked.
“That’s what I’m here fur, grand
ma.” he flippantly replied.
“Very w'ell, sir. But first let me
tell you your future; let me give you
a warning that -will be worth fifty
times the small sum you have paid. A
dark man will soon cross your path,
and if you—”
“I kin take keer of all the dark
men that cross my path. I’ll give you
a minut more to tell me my name.”
“Very well, sir,” said Madam Ta
basco, as she touched a bell and a
smile came over her face. “Your name
is ‘Sucker.’ ”
And after Hezekiah Horsefly had
been hustled out by the bouncer, he
agreed that the fortune-teller had bite
the nail on the head. —Judge.
Judge —“You are charged with be
ing the leader of an organized band
of pickpockets.” Prisoner—-“ Well,
yer’ll have to impose a fine on de
corporation den, yer know; yer can’t
punish me personally!” —Puck.
Litt’e pleasures are scarcely worth
telling our friends about. Perhaps
that is why we think so little of them.

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