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I ' I iv. v i I'f A TRIO OF MODERN STATE CAPITOLS A h J h SOMls OF THE NOBLE STRUCTURES BUILT ft A ft A P (P (P (P BY THE PRESENT GENERATION IB I AS anon as a stato la admitted In m ti the Union It begins to tate the subject jf a copltol. It Is uot unlikely that the rtructure which has afforded shelter to the territorial itovernment would have furnished on adequate lodging for the new executive and lcgislutlng ' bodies for somo time to come, but it Ik a matter In which economy cuts no' eipecUl fig urn. No citizen of a hud- i tllntr commonwealth, however critical he may be In regard to public expendl-1 ture in general, In Inclined t grumble over the slue of nn appropriation fur a etatehnuse. It la finly when the tip proprlallons ure demandud too freely and the end la not In night that he becomes a reformer In this respect. Thus It has heon from thn beginning of the republic; The original thirteen states made haste to provldu them selves with public buildings attuned to their newborn grrutness. flume of these structures wore architectural marvels Indeed. Architecture had not yet taken a deep root In North Ameri ca, and It was Mill unpatriotic to Im port It. The colonial stylo of that day was nn attempt to break away from everything that hail boon used In for eign countries a courageous attempt to "go r alone." Iteforo Imiik, how ever, .ur native architects awoke to the truth that Kurope hud no mo nopoly of the classic Ideas of Roma and Athens; that tho American people were Joint heirs to thut glorious heri tage. Then all of our public building be came severely classic. The massive column Doric, Ionic and Corinthian supported the sculptured fucade, and the dome appeared everywhere. Homo of the early creations of this kind were such variants from the proscribed rulu that they excited the hlbrlty of tho nations, Hut wo havo clung rather faithfully to the classic lilea. The time came when c could nftord to take a Khare In tho rnenlment afford ed by our Infant architecture. Our own archlteots In turn became sklll ed In proportions uiiii coi.ivusseurs of effects. Wo have had a Ions reign of the classic. Thoro was an abrupt break, however, in tho middle of the last cen tury. Tho American architects of thut period, Influenced by the revival of Francois Mansard's Ideas by tho In defatlgublo Huron Huussinnnn, who was putting th curb roof on all the buildings of l'urls which rhmccd to be unprovided with then Virr'rd their traditions. Art rf despairingly of the d . .,. tectural taste of the : .. . They still found : Parthenon, but they .;. classic Imitations in t both tasioless and ub It became the fa. .don to nhsko the hottd whenever any of our capltols wuro men 'oned. All thing" cnionlal wero eHpe'ially condemned, Tl.s clas rlo predilections of the eany designers of ths state capltols weio ridiculed, and the fruits of their labor wero de clrred to be Intol-rnbln, All at o to, with singular unanimity, public struc tures In styles denominated Rcnals sanco of various kinds sprang up on all sides. Modern Trench and Italian inodlih'utloiis rose on every hand, nnd tho mansard roof crowned them tri umphantly, Kortunately this architectural lapse was brief, und few capltols were rear- house destroyed by fire. It Is claimed for It that It Is tho only public build ing of equal magnitude thut has been finished within the time specified and the cost of which has been kept within the appropriation. The legislature In evasion at the time of the destruction of tho old capltol was a rather pur Simon. ous body of lawmakers. It would appropriate only $550,000 for a new building that or nothing was Its Ultimatum. When the money hud all been expended tho state had nothing to show for It but an Immense brick barnlike tntcture, Incomplete and most unattractive la every way. ( m Cahtol 'vwt conrLrrcn ' fZrypK fjjffy j 'li at Hariubburcj. rx vJjl f ffiH, 1 1 pit i - 'VL.-j ;.'"' '- U " ' I ,t 'v.vi"'.!''! ' 5rfjss5-i-- CAF1TOL TO BE BV1LT ! -" fv-W CHTOL AT fJjj 'L - i - - - 'J ' ' :,.'"-- "o. '-ft -t r.-.-nrT.-r T--i-r mrrr---.r r-&S ed during Its continuance. There has character of at lea.st three of the state t.irrs win !i tn y ... u, . been nnothor complete revolution In cnpltola of comparatively recent de- V descri.Vnn v..g'. -: architectural taMtes, nnd It hu come nlgn those of Pcnnnylvunla, which I- all with "fsr'tt v ." ( I n. ii to paH that the cherished deslKtis of to be opened Oct. 4 by President Tho Wi nr. i, i lim oiit irrnpi'ntlon nvf. iirni t-nir:irilpil Tt.inniti'elt MInnesotn nnw T'rnrtlcnllv .eitrifi' C. t h m uistros. ties. They Ktanl ns co- complituil, und Wisconsin, which bl.ls tha late ' t n I svul niotiuuients to the depraved fair to rival them all. Kurrlng the na- replace ili In. nnd wanton cxtravugiinco of a tlonal capltol, there ere no nvro viate- fre It wMl ! . .. rvlle Imltiit-vt ly and 'I'vrni:.-! : tibllo l-stild- -it n-lt.t: ' i' . r ' r .1 re t i ' i 1 ' ','nnM j ), t ' i ... . ? . ' , i . I iii it in;-' :!'ioll f ,r til. t by Vol I;. ... ., i l.f .-il- t it .1.4 in tiutt of a privet'' Mi iituii. m.. t rlgln.il estlrnat" of .;.'r r." pilot.: Itavo ful:'U so v. t il r f-t;.: !: that lit one 'ti:j con'.id. n-e in iliciii. Vh" H.ilTi-l tiv huiliJiiii;, for n'ii(i tl." .o i 'o. p; ;. !' 'I ' I .,1 Th" s-uccocvSlnfj legl:-! tture was less re ..loinlt . I In Its ma.icup. It made 1 ' II' i ; !' 1 1. I. I t I .' oi'i'T all th ac- ,it Hfrr!ht:rg was .r a firmer sta:e- Mum ot Si n 1 i.O'io as on nl. ! ri y. To nhow that mind that tho new building l.ln't nt all an. I authorized tho t.ii'l H i:; of another one. aopropiiatlng in if i ."'i'i."00 was M-i i the lioiio'-o to tie a :.): Me excev'i'.n . -riv M oi l !!; btii' iiiii: rnmmb'ion ii hid ii'i u.ietua tw (ii reciutlon of art Hi..- ii will tt.rn Pii i it Kf' i'i d that "OO.UO'J rhould be ex- m . -i 0 "On uii iT'i.i. .i fir nt.tnary and $130,000 for i.itir.,1 decoration. About live years were given to the construction of tho bull ling. These three capltols are also Klnil- lar In proportions the narrlsburg Htructuro has a length of 6-5 feet, a breadth of 2.'4 feet and a height to the dome of feet. The St. Paul capltol has u length of 433 feet, and tho Madi son building Is to be only 429 feet The latter, however, is in tho form of a flt, Andrew's cross, and Its length and breadth are equal, flo It will be seen that the WlxconMn capltol U actually the largest of tho trio. The Minnesota capltol, designed by Cuss Gilbert of New York. Is an Im posing while inarblo bullillnic, with a busement of granite. With the single exception of tho New York custom house thi'io Is no building In America which can boast of more urtlrtto and upproprluto exterior decoration. Tho upper purl of the colonnade la adorn ed with sculpture typifying the prog ress of tint fctuto, nnd tho (treat central figures of Prudence, Courage, Oounty, InteRrlty, Wisdom und Truth wore modeled by Daniel Chester French. The sculptured groups nn other por tions of tho building are equally lofty in their conception and artistic In ex ccot' n. H t to of the capltols erected during the lust century are not less preten tious In their architecture than the three modi rn examples chosen for Il lustration. At tho time of their con struction they were supposed to em body all of tho most attractive archi tectural features known to the nutive artists, and foreign sources of Infor mation were drawn on freely. Tho Kanmis state building at Topeka, be gun in the Hlxtlrs und still unfinished, is a noble architectural conception. There are few buildings In the United Ptntes that nro inoro effective and less fiulty In design. An enormous out I y bus been put upon It no one euros to estimate the sum total and It has been a bone of contention for several i'ecades. Its construction was beun with a local limestone, beautiful In Us crtiumy tint, but no soft In texture that It m irht bo sawed Into blocks. It was asserted thit the stone would harden In the open air, but It didn't ond he cran to crumble Instead. So It was thut after the preat central pavilion hr.d been completer! It was necessary to Hiibs'ltnte another stone. At the present time It Is apparent that tffo oiii;;nul material Is wearing remark- I ub'.y well. It Is the wonder of foreign archi tects who havo traveled In this land ! that no state hits been Induced to em ploy tho Gothic In Its capltol. Our architect havo a lively admiration for the beautiful city hall of Brussels, and somo of them profess to see great merit In tho Kngllsh parliament build ings. Why have, they never tried to reproduce their most telling features In this cosmopolitan land? E. J. KELLOGG. MATTERS , N D TRUE IN PICTURE AND TEXT THE NEW BRITISH WAR OFFICE. v.f . SPORTS IN THE EAY CF NAPLES. Tha recently completed war office, ns may be een from the picture, Is one of the handsomest government, building In Great Ilrltaln. It Is In hlMorlc Whitehall, the region occupied by many other offld 1 structures, and It is sur passed by none of them in architectural dignity. SOME COSTLY DRUMS. Tho drums herewith pictured co.t ver $5,001). They are tho property of the Bocond rttltl.'h Life guaula find nro reputed to be the most valuably Instru- M r,. -......iuiA-j..r ss.'JeMij. . fcV 'tirfii O, 'DAHO BANKS. There nro eighty state, private nnd sivl gs bunks und trust companies and th rty national bunks In Idaho. The total Vposlts uf both the national and itato buiiKs on April ti of thin year wore $10,924,2:7.4.1. und tho total ie- sourees wis e $J7.032,'.'03.03, of which I The Ugr.unr U rids Hhown In tho plf turc spans n river at .Shanghtil, China, $14,586,164.04 are thoso of tho ttnto nnd nnd Is an example of the Celestials' almost, invariable habit of reversing western private banks. Tho total loans nf all ideas, insteuil of bridfiitiB a s rum by the shortcM finl tnont practicable route tho bt nks nmo nlcd to $I.'.731,2U.15. I they prefer to tunko it an clicultouH us possible. CENTER OF THE SOUTH AMERICAN EARTHQUAKE. tnents of the kind In existence. As a : natural consequenco the drunm r of j that cracli body of noldlery in ihn ptu-j tlcular envy of all his replnirntalj brethren In the United Kingdom. i Valparaiso. Chile, hcituviih pictured, was tho center of tho recent aels;..')lo disturbance In South America which worked Mieh disaster. It was tho most commercially Important city of tho l'cclflc coast on tho continent pnd was nn (xi;ci'illnj;ly well built und attractive town. Most of the principal buildings wera overthrown, and the heft strceta are a mass of unsightly debtls. It Is a fact not known pencrully thut tho Italians ore the inont fearless swimmers in tho world. This Is due In part to their extensive seaboard. At all the Italian soardde resorts aquatic sports are Indulged In by old and young, ono fit tho most potmlur water feats is the one Hhown in tho cut diving while mounted on a bicycle. A FAMOUS RAILROAD MAN. James J. Hill, president of the Great Xortheni railroad, has made himself conspicuous for several years by his efforts to control the Partita const trade. lie has also achieved a good iW'til of notoriety from his advocacy ot .... 'V .,v i'A : : the. opinion that the country stands In great dnntrer on account, of tho con sisted population in tho largo cities His n-medy in wl.olwala Immigration to tho country. A VEGETABLE CURIOSITY. Tho parrot-like object shown in the cut Is not a bird at all, but a cucum ber grown In a greenhouse at Col chester, Knglnnd. It was produced by n gentleman who makes a spoclnlty of turning vegetable growths into animal forms. In this peculiar diversion he lias been extremely eucccpsful. A STRANGE FASHION IN THE SOUTH SEA ISLANDS. I . - .. it , - .-i,.:ir(Ljjjfc I , ''" .:' '""I V . - ii'i: 1' ' i 1 L . Vrn'irliiii'liilv-Vi ir ti- ---' "-" a.rt! Mourning customs and fashlonu tiro widely varied nmong the different peo ples of the world, but tho heudt;cur prescribed tor 'Papuan widows has the merit of great originality. Tho heaildi-css pictured is made from tha beiton bark of tho mulberry tree, a material known as "wppu cloth." and t v woman vho Is thus compelled to mourn her husband Is twice ufHlcted. iiiiM-a. ,a..te.AwM . mjMIA-w .aAA.. a A M-a Aa.aa. iaj i iti)-' E" I V".) . . i iii- iv,-. V