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the vvuhkly iihrald December 31, 1003 j 1 nBrcesl&ri2R0AB-WcRbi- 1 ( (From Saturday's Dally.) The following Interesting address run delivered befor,. the eleventh Biennial convention of I ho Brother hood of I.oromoilvo Firemen unl Fnglm-mcn by II. F. Youlium, chair man of tbo ejocutlvo committee Jtuck Uland-Frlsco lines; 1 am an cuiploo ami glad to meet with you as such. Wo 'have a coiii- niou Interest, flood times for tho railroads moan. Rood Units foe us all. Bad times lor tb0 ruilroads nieaubud Units lor us all. No good can come to this country huu the hands of tho clock are at war with tuo dial, or when any part of tho general ma chinery of our b octal life i out of harmony 'with its other parts. To ucccej -we must work together. la talking to you 1 roalizo that you represent 70,000 locomotive firemen ynbo generate tlio power which moves th. traffio of the railroads of tho nation, and that bard times has re sulted In a large number of your membership being either out of em ployment or working on Nbort time. Last year the firemen's pay roll was $23,000,000, but hi nee tbo panic of October It has been running at tho late of $8,000,000 less per year. Vonr organization Is a member ship of workers who travel while tltey work and burn money while they work. Tho average mileage that each fireman travols a year is over 25.000 miles and he uses $2. ,'i0(i north of fuel. Tho Importance of t h Ih will be more dearly illustrat ed whtu I fay that fuel cost roprc muts over ten per cent of tho total expenses of railroad operation. Kvery mile each fireman travels, ten cents In spent In fuel. This la wven centH of every dollar earned by the railroads. Of that dollar the employes get forty-two cents. Tho forty-two cents l0 employes and sev en cents for fuel chows where forty nine cents out of every dollar taken in by tho .railroads go. For flvo years attention has been called, and very wisely and very properly, to the duty of a trustee. In dome cases trustees prove false to their trusts. Corrective laws, en acted and enforced within the last few yearn, have been wise, and have niade for honest business methods, and have strengthened, the confi dence of the world in us and In our enterprises. Wo have gone forth' to. the world Riving notice everywhere that hereafter men who arc charged with tho large responsibilities of trpsteetihip In corporations must do their duiy in their management. But did you ever think that with nil the publicity given to the mismanage ments of corporations, it Is true that not one in a hundred of the corpor ations of this country has gone wrong? What I desire Jo rail your atten tion 1 o i- that underneath all this business1 there Is a solid substrata of commercial integrity, that tho busi ness of" this country Is, with very , raro exceptions, conducted upon honest lines, that the men who aro )n charge of largo enterprises aro, as a rule, honest and faithful. At four per cent per annum, it requires the Investment of $19,000 to earn as much a year as the aver age earnings of the firemen $760. --At present thero are a million men, women, estates, trustees,' corpora tions, banks, etc., who hold railroad securities an investments. It is juBt as essential for the prosperity and steadiness of the railroad business to have the man who Inl&ts $19,000 in railroad securities feel safe and se cure as it h that you. whose Invest ment Is your time, feel sure of your employment with the railroads. The danger which threatens the man's in vestment just as surely endangers your payroll. Money Is timid. This Is natural, ns most of the men who Invest money do so for others. Those making investments for others are hel( accountable for their judgement by those who own the money, Jf a trustee or a guardian or a banker In vests the $ I !',00 0 we are using to Illustrate, for an estate, a Ward, or a client, he tries to put it where Tie is sure of the $760 a year for the benefit of the owner of tho money. Ille is just as direful about tlbi as you are In receiving for your time $760 per year, Tho investor hesi tates to risk his money In a business which is belnt; constantly attacked by our law makers. Continued agi tation makes him afraid for the fu ture. I want to make plain to you that the attacks on the business bit' the employe harder than the man who -lnvesti in stocks or bonds, as the railroad employe gets forty-two cents of each dollar earned while the investor receive twenty-one cents. Keep these facts plainly la mind and you ' will se(, that your Interest and that of tho investor aro Inseparably llnkod In a partnership, only you have, twlco as much at slake as the Investor In the gross earnings of the railroads of this country. What can wo hop,, to gain .by our politicians continuing to stump thn bunkers and capitalists an a Ibody as unscrupulous In their business methods In dealing with our corporations and instltu tlons? The American Hallway (employes' and Investors' association has been formed not for political purpose or for any purpos0 detrimental or plai Ing unfair burdens upon the public, but as pet forth In the- articles of organization "to do w hatever ilaw ful things may be necessary In order to secure a fair returu alike to capital and labor Invested In American rail roads, with dut. regard at all times to efficient service, fair treatment and safety to tho public." (leorge Harris, president of the Burlington, told uio that bis company Jast year purchased SO.OOO tous of new rails against nono this year. It requires, on an average, two tons of iron ore, one tuu of coke uud one half ton of limestone, all of which must b0 supplied by labor, to make or.o ton of steel rail. This one rail road not purchasing Its requirement means tho loss of 12,000 carloads of freight to the railroads, which loss falls largely on tho employe, aa he loses forty-two cents of every dollar that would have ibeen earned In mov ing this freight. The number of tons of new rails and fastenings pur chased by all the railroads of tho country during the year 1 ! 0 7, was 3,000,000 tons, which meant tho movement of 13,500,000 tons of raw material and finished product, or a total of 4.10,000 carloads of freight. This Is taking money from the em ployes pretty fast. This forcibly Illustrates the doctrine and the prin ciples which wo should preach that any political party or any candidate, cither for national or state office, who stands for a policy that means the retarding of tho growth of this country and the building of new rail roads, th Improvement of tho old onus, stund for a policy tnat takes tbo throttle from the locomotive en gineer, tho shovel from tho locomo tive fireman, the bell cord from the conductor, the lantern ' from ' the brakeinan and the flagman, tho key from the telegraph operator, the hammer and the chisel from the shop man, and tho track tools from the trackman. Further war against cap ital means war against labor; war against your wages; war against the farmer and merchant who nede ade quate facilities and safe and com fortable travel; war against the wel fare of every manufacturer In tho country and against every workman employed by them. Any policy that stirs up Internal strife, that prejudices one Interest against another, that Injures or en dangers our groundwork of co-operation Is hurtful alike to all, As a nation w'o should stand shoulder to shoulder for tho rights of both the public and the law-abiding cor porations, and the Indiscriminate de nunciation of all capital of the coun try should cense. Those who have the true Interest of thp rotintry at heart should work for the enforcement of the laws wich have .been mado effective in the last, few years, vigorously prose cuting every violator. In conclusion, I wish to say that I am heartily In sympathy with you in your work. I believe organized labor and organized capital can bet ter work together and the future will so demonstrate. 1 btjicvo evtery man who works is entitled to bo classed us a working man, and I am stijl . working, and . I havo worked, as most of you know, In tho different departments of railroading. My first, railroad work was on a section. From there to the traffic and oper ating departments until 1 reached my work of construction. Within the last twelve years I have planned and carried out the construction of more than five thousand miles of railroad. I am proud of this work, The rail roads I have built arc now employing 3,0 00 men, and with th0 employes and their families those railroads aro now supporting over 100,000 souls. I wish I could continue to build roads In sections where they are needed, furnishing employment to deserving men, support of their fam ilies and mean of education for their children. Law-ton News-Republican: A man on trial for murder in Indiana has been convicted of arson, whltf is al most as bad as the Irish mTlstrate who found the man who stole two mules guilty of bigamy. THREE DELEGATES TO if $ !JU jfAwK PAWL'S, The pan-American wlentlfie con- jjnttH, vlil begins its session In Suntiiigo, Chile, lrc, will brins toeilicr n roinnikiille nrray of Uio world's sclent Ific men. It. is cipect- ed to t'Oiitriliutc nmcli ( llio prog- ress of science in South America. Among the delegates to (he congress I EUROPE'S VIEW OF. THE PACIFIC PACT The world's fears hav0 been set at rost on several important points by the new agreement between America anj Japan, to judge from the com ment, of tho foreign press. The fate of the Tacific ns a road of commerce und tho fate of China as an Indepen dent empire maintaining its open ports and its Integrity have been hanging in the balance ever since the conclusion of the Russo-Japanese war, A new difficulty was cn-uled by tho conflict between Japanese Immi grants and California citizens on tho west coast of the American continent and it was actually supposed by some that In case of conflict Russia would support Japan against tho United States. Thes0 apprehensions are now happily disposed of. In treatiug of this matter in a long article the Preussisehe Zeilung (Mer lin) speaks as follows with regard to the Pacific, problem: "In America the view was at one time entertained that a decisive struggle was imminent between the United States and Japan to decide the problem of hegemony in tho Pa cific. It was in tho first Instance supposed that Japan might have de pended upon, the Biipport of Russia. From today there can b0 no more mention of such an idea." , T The London Dally Post also bo lleves that the ne,w agreement "post pones indefinitely the once much-talked-of struggle for the mastery of the Pacific." Reckoning it as one of the great compacts such as those between Japan and Great Britain or France and Russia, Tho Dally News (London) says that "apart from technicalities it might just as well be called an alliance." It is a "fresh guaranty of peace in the Far East," especially between the United States and Japan. These two countries will henceforth "repudiate the idea of rivalry in those regions," declares the Paris Temps; ,and tho Journal (Paris) thinks that the signing of the compact at Washington pours a flood of glory upon the closing days PROIT UNITED STATES SCIENTIFIC CONGRESS HELD IN CHILE :,.y7i nppolnted by Recretiiry Root to rep- resent the l ulled State are! V. H. Holmvs, Wiirf Ui( burenu of ellinol- ogy, StnithHiiWa iitnlK utirtt ; Colo- ncl William C. Goi'gns, United States army, chief snnltnjy officer of the Isthmian canal commission; IVofes- aors Itenmid Mium, I'niversily of of President Roosevelt's official term adding: "France, ns the friend of both nations, is, like them, deeply Inter ested in the maintenance of the sta tus quo in the Far Fust, and Is gra tified by this new pledge of peace." This idea that the agreement in sures the solution of the Pacific problem and tbo maintenance of peace between the nations 'on its easteru and western nhores is em phatically dwelt upon by the Journal ties Dobats (Paris) which praises Ja pan's unselfish conduct in the mat ter. Thus wo read; "Japan has now given to Kuropo full proof of her disinterestedness. Asia and America will feel them selves compelled to como to some commercial agreement with Japan, especially as the opening of the Pan ama canal is destined to change, to th0 udvantage of tho latter, the var ious routes of trade." The fate of China is also secured .by the agreement or treaty between Washington and Tokyo, says tho Lon don Times, and it 'delicately express es a hope that henceforth Justice will be done to those portions of the Chi nese empire which have been in the occupation of Japan, by the establish ment thero of a system of real com mercial equality among the nations. This Is particularly desirable, thinks th0 Action (Paris), because China, at this present moment, is tho ob ject of the commercial aspirations of them all, especially of Germany, hints the Liberto (Paris). Germany will be mightily Irritated, thinks this Journal, by the last clause f tho agreement, which provides for a mu tual consultation, before taking in dividual action In case of any emer gency which threatens tho status quo. Tho Figaro (Paris) dwells upon the matter from a completely com mercial standpoint, and concludes that la matters of trade Japan, in spite of ber. proximity, lias no more rights la Chift. Uua Jias; i m imn inrit n"r' " PJPOP C.CMIDCE California; William Benjamin Smith, Tulune University of Louisiana; I'aul S. Ueinsch, University of WiNCOiiHin; li. 8. Howe, UniversUy of IN'imsyl- vanln; AVilllnm 1. Shepherd, Uni- versity of ('olumhlu; Archibald C. Coolidge, Harvard university, and Hiram ltinglinm, Vale nnlversily. "The Interests of. Japan In China arc Identical witli those of America . , and consist very largely In guaranteeing an open market throughout th0 length and breadth of the great Middle Kingdom, We are now assured that the American government will not establish, any relations with China detrimental to the legitimate interests and aspira tions of Japan, and that Japan will welcome tbo activity of American en terprise In that country." The German press, as a whole, ap prove the signing of the agreement, tho N'orddcutsche Allegemino Zeitung (Berlin) agreeing with the Koclnls cho Zeitung that it at any rai0 se cures China's integrity from the ma chinations of Russia, Japan or Eng land. Translations made for Tho Literary Digest. DRIVEN TO STREET IN NIGHT CLOTHES Chicago, Dee, 26. Thirty-five men and women, occupants of a rooming house in Wabash avenue, were driv en into tho streets in their night clothes early today by firo which de stroyed an automobile garage ad joining th0 house. The loss was $60, 000. WORK HEiilXS O.Y A. R. & E. I'. Special to Dally Panhandle. " Childress, Texas, Dee. 26. Presi dent Kennedy of the Altus, Roswell & Kl Paso railway, announces that all bonuses along his proposed rail road have been completed and con tracts are being signed. Ho now has 110 teams at work. Grading will begin at Childress In January. Two outfits will work both ways out of Childress. Th0 total amount of bo nus money raised between Altus aad Roswell was $600,000, half of which Is available for construction work. The Chase Construction company of St. Louis has received the contract The Frisco &UI lurnlsh motive I FAPimEI! UNION OF TEXAS TO if Nil! Sends Message-Court Severe in Remarks to Defendants r-ort Worth, Tex.. Dec. M. Sam uel Gompers, President Federation of Labor, Washington, 1). C: Two hundred thousand union farmer of Texas sympathi.o with you. Mitchell and 'Morrison. Advise us bow to aid you. D. J. NK1LI., President. Washington, Dee. ' 2C There Is not much likelihood that "Gompers, Mitchell and Morrison will ever gu to JaU, even If the coiy t should sus tain the judgment pronounced this afternoon by Judgu Wright of tho District supreme court. Of course, no announcement is to bo expcclud from tho White House, but nevertheless, It Is very well un derstood that If these labor leair:i boulj liibU an appeal a pardon will be very quickly forthcoming from the Vhlt House, whether at that time the president should bo Roosevelt or Taft. Tho dlrlalon of Justico Wright, which consumed two hours and twen ty minutes In reading, aa ou of tho most scathing arraignments that ever came from tho bench In this city. "Everywhere," tho court said, "all over, within tho court und out, ut ter, rampant, Insolent defiance is heralded and proclaimed; -unrefined insult, coarse affront, vulgar, indig nant measures, the litigants' concep tion of the tribunal's due, wherein his cause still pends." "The laws command," hn said, "tn stand hands off until Justice In the matter can be asserted. But there has been a studied, determined, de fiant conflict precipitated in the light of open day between tbe decrees ot a tribunal ordained 'by the govern ment of the federal nnlon and of the federation grown up In the land. "One or tho other,"' lifi declared, "must succumb, for thoso who would unlaw the land are publio enemies." Conspiracy Restraining- Trade. Following an exhaustive discus sion of conspiracies in restraint of trade, Judge Wright said: "From the foregoing it ought, to seem apparent to tho thoughtful men that the defendants to the bill, each and all of them, have combined to gether for tho purposes. "1. Of bringing nbout tho breach of plaintiff's existing contracts with others, ' "2. Depriving plaintiff of proper ty, tho value of tho good will of its business without duo process of law. "3. Restraining trade among sev eral states. "4. Restraining the commerce among th several states." Tho ultimate purpose of the de fendants, tho court said In this con nection, was unlawful, thtlr con certed project an offense against the law, and it added, thoy aro guilty of crime. Coming to the question of the vi olation of th0 court's Injunction Jus tice Wright said that Gompers and others had in advanc0 of tbe In junction determined to violate it, if issued, and had, In advance of the injunction counsrled alt 'members of labor unions and of (ho American Federation of Labor and the public generally to violate it in case"' it should 'be Issued, which points'out also tho general policies and mutual understanding of the organizations. OoinjMM's Replies. Asked If ho had anything to sny why sentence should not ibe pro nouncd, President Gompers declared that be had not consciously violated any law. There was much h0 would like to say, he said, but be could not do it at that time. Ho added, however, that "this is a struggle of tho working people for the right. It Is a struggle of the ages a strug gle of men of labor to throw off some of tho burdens which have been heap ed upon them, to abolish some of tbe wrongs and to secure some of tbe rights too long denied." Mitchell and Morrison confined themselves to an indorsement of what Gompers bad Baid. The various labor organizations in protesting to President Roosevelt against the sentences urg him to prevent the iacarceraUon o.t the la bor leaders. GOfERS FUNERAL FOR A. 8. 'Uncle Abe's" Remains to Rs pose la Llano Cemetery Sister Present The funeral services abovo tho re mains of A. S, Drain, known umonj many friends in Amarlllo as "Undo Abo Drain," will bo bold lu lh0 Tolk Street Methodist church tomorrow afternoon, Rev. O. F. .Sensabaugh, tho pastor, officiating. Tho Odd Fellows fraternity, through representatives of the Sub ordinate, Dii umpincnt, Canton aud Rebekubs, will bo first In cbargo of tho coremonleH, und will ibu assisted by I ho Brotherhood of Railway Car men of America. All of tbo lodges and viiibillvliilon of lodges will be garbed In funeral regalia and para phernalia. Tho ldy of Mr. Drain will bo adorned with his full drets uniform of tho Patriarchs Militant degroo of the Odd Fellows organi zation, 'whilo his badge of member ship, In tho carman's organization, will occupy a prominent plaee on his Trl-Lluk costume. Ouo Sister Present, Tho commltteo lu charge Invites tho publlo to attend the funeral. Tho only relative to bo present Is a sister, Mrs. S. K, Cotida of Talaga, Okln. A brother of tho dead man, residing In St. Joseph, Mo., can not bo present and an aunt n Califor nia and a sister la New York can not reach hero In time for th services. Mr. Drain was a member of tbo Baptist church. Ho came hero a number of years ago, ilidng a native of Rrooklyn, N. V. For yearn hi father, mother and sister resided with him in Amurillo, and ho will bo burled alongside of their last rest ing places In l.lano cemetery. Al though be was at tho time of bis death almost M yars of age, ho was as devoted as a child to the parents, tho last no of whom died about a year ago. He provided a homo for his parents an.! sinter, and even did ninny deeds of kindness for thoso not related to him by blood. Many aro today recounting Mr. Drain's acts of human benefaction. His purfe and hand were always open to tbo poor and distressed around him, and no worthy causo was ever presented to his notice to be turned away without aid. Friend of tlio Friendless. "Fiielo Abo" was a friend to thi friondlcvs desplt0 tho fact that ho himself was but a wago earner. Ho had accumulated noino property and a raro fund of friendship and good will. In all of bis fraternal affili ations he was a in an who stood prominent and will bo sadly missed. Tho rituals of Jill orders with which he was connected will be used in connection with tho funeral and burial services. , imiGlS JIRV DISAGREES. . k Associated Press. Irvine, Ky., Dee. 2ti. Tho it jury In the case of Beech lUr- gis, charged with the murder of his father, Judge James Hargln, k reported this afternoon their In- ability to agrco and waa dls- -k k charged. Tho jury stood nne for ncqultal and three for cou- -k k vict Ion. 'llio Illinois United Mine Workers of America Kent this telegram signed by President John Walker, tho vice president, secretary-treasurer and members of tho executive board. "In the natno of 73,000 mine work ers In Illinois we deslro to protest against tho recent decision commit ting to penal servitude thoso great commoners and representatives of i ho American labor movement, Sam uel Gompers, John Mitchell and Frank Morrison. Theso men may be guilty of a ibreacU of law, ut a law that denies 'ho uso of a freo press and free speech is a breach of tha fundamental principles of our coun try." Philadelphia, Dec. 16. Jamea Beck, of New York, of counsel for the Buck Stove company, was informed of the decision la the labor case at Washington whilo ia this city today. Mr. Beck -who made the closing; ar gument for the company, in com menting upon the case eaid: "This case ought to be tbo dsath knell ot the boycott." , BRAN I DAY I t if i M "'