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The weekly herald. [volume] (Amarillo, Tex.) 1906-19??, December 31, 1908, Image 3

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the vvuhkly iihrald December 31, 1003
1 (
(From Saturday's Dally.)
The following Interesting address
run delivered befor,. the eleventh
Biennial convention of I ho Brother
hood of I.oromoilvo Firemen unl
Fnglm-mcn by II. F. Youlium, chair
man of tbo ejocutlvo committee
Jtuck Uland-Frlsco lines;
1 am an cuiploo ami glad to meet
with you as such. Wo 'have a coiii-
niou Interest, flood times for tho
railroads moan. Rood Units foe us all.
Bad times lor tb0 ruilroads nieaubud
Units lor us all. No good can come
to this country huu the hands of tho
clock are at war with tuo dial, or
when any part of tho general ma
chinery of our b octal life i out of
harmony 'with its other parts. To
ucccej -we must work together.
la talking to you 1 roalizo that you
represent 70,000 locomotive firemen
ynbo generate tlio power which moves
th. traffio of the railroads of tho
nation, and that bard times has re
sulted In a large number of your
membership being either out of em
ployment or working on Nbort time.
Last year the firemen's pay roll was
$23,000,000, but hi nee tbo panic of
October It has been running at tho
late of $8,000,000 less per year.
Vonr organization Is a member
ship of workers who travel while
tltey work and burn money while
they work. Tho average mileage
that each fireman travols a year is
over 25.000 miles and he uses $2.
,'i0(i north of fuel. Tho Importance
of t h Ih will be more dearly illustrat
ed whtu I fay that fuel cost roprc
muts over ten per cent of tho total
expenses of railroad operation.
Kvery mile each fireman travels,
ten cents In spent In fuel. This la
wven centH of every dollar earned
by the railroads. Of that dollar the
employes get forty-two cents. Tho
forty-two cents l0 employes and sev
en cents for fuel chows where forty
nine cents out of every dollar taken
in by tho .railroads go.
For flvo years attention has been
called, and very wisely and very
properly, to the duty of a trustee.
In dome cases trustees prove false to
their trusts. Corrective laws, en
acted and enforced within the last
few yearn, have been wise, and have
niade for honest business methods,
and have strengthened, the confi
dence of the world in us and In our
enterprises. Wo have gone forth' to.
the world Riving notice everywhere
that hereafter men who arc charged
with tho large responsibilities of
trpsteetihip In corporations must do
their duiy in their management. But
did you ever think that with nil the
publicity given to the mismanage
ments of corporations, it Is true that
not one in a hundred of the corpor
ations of this country has gone
What I desire Jo rail your atten
tion 1 o i- that underneath all this
business1 there Is a solid substrata of
commercial integrity, that tho busi
ness of" this country Is, with very
, raro exceptions, conducted upon
honest lines, that the men who aro
)n charge of largo enterprises aro,
as a rule, honest and faithful.
At four per cent per annum, it
requires the Investment of $19,000
to earn as much a year as the aver
age earnings of the firemen $760.
--At present thero are a million men,
women, estates, trustees,' corpora
tions, banks, etc., who hold railroad
securities an investments. It is juBt
as essential for the prosperity and
steadiness of the railroad business to
have the man who Inl&ts $19,000 in
railroad securities feel safe and se
cure as it h that you. whose Invest
ment Is your time, feel sure of your
employment with the railroads. The
danger which threatens the man's in
vestment just as surely endangers
your payroll. Money Is timid. This
Is natural, ns most of the men who
Invest money do so for others. Those
making investments for others are
hel( accountable for their judgement
by those who own the money, Jf a
trustee or a guardian or a banker In
vests the $ I !',00 0 we are using to
Illustrate, for an estate, a Ward, or
a client, he tries to put it where Tie
is sure of the $760 a year for the
benefit of the owner of tho money.
Ille is just as direful about tlbi as
you are In receiving for your time
$760 per year, Tho investor hesi
tates to risk his money In a business
which is belnt; constantly attacked
by our law makers. Continued agi
tation makes him afraid for the fu
ture. I want to make plain to you
that the attacks on the business bit'
the employe harder than the man
who -lnvesti in stocks or bonds, as
the railroad employe gets forty-two
cents of each dollar earned while the
investor receive twenty-one cents.
Keep these facts plainly la mind and
you ' will se(, that your Interest and
that of tho investor aro Inseparably
llnkod In a partnership, only you
have, twlco as much at slake as the
Investor In the gross earnings of the
railroads of this country. What can
wo hop,, to gain .by our politicians
continuing to stump thn bunkers and
capitalists an a Ibody as unscrupulous
In their business methods In dealing
with our corporations and instltu
The American Hallway (employes'
and Investors' association has been
formed not for political purpose or
for any purpos0 detrimental or plai
Ing unfair burdens upon the public,
but as pet forth In the- articles of
organization "to do w hatever ilaw ful
things may be necessary In order to
secure a fair returu alike to capital
and labor Invested In American rail
roads, with dut. regard at all times
to efficient service, fair treatment
and safety to tho public."
(leorge Harris, president of the
Burlington, told uio that bis company
Jast year purchased SO.OOO tous of
new rails against nono this year. It
requires, on an average, two tons of
iron ore, one tuu of coke uud one
half ton of limestone, all of which
must b0 supplied by labor, to make
or.o ton of steel rail. This one rail
road not purchasing Its requirement
means tho loss of 12,000 carloads of
freight to the railroads, which loss
falls largely on tho employe, aa he
loses forty-two cents of every dollar
that would have ibeen earned In mov
ing this freight. The number of
tons of new rails and fastenings pur
chased by all the railroads of tho
country during the year 1 ! 0 7, was
3,000,000 tons, which meant tho
movement of 13,500,000 tons of raw
material and finished product, or a
total of 4.10,000 carloads of freight.
This Is taking money from the em
ployes pretty fast. This forcibly
Illustrates the doctrine and the prin
ciples which wo should preach that
any political party or any candidate,
cither for national or state office,
who stands for a policy that means
the retarding of tho growth of this
country and the building of new rail
roads, th Improvement of tho old
onus, stund for a policy tnat takes
tbo throttle from the locomotive en
gineer, tho shovel from tho locomo
tive fireman, the bell cord from the
conductor, the lantern ' from ' the
brakeinan and the flagman, tho key
from the telegraph operator, the
hammer and the chisel from the shop
man, and tho track tools from the
trackman. Further war against cap
ital means war against labor; war
against your wages; war against the
farmer and merchant who nede ade
quate facilities and safe and com
fortable travel; war against the wel
fare of every manufacturer In tho
country and against every workman
employed by them.
Any policy that stirs up Internal
strife, that prejudices one Interest
against another, that Injures or en
dangers our groundwork of co-operation
Is hurtful alike to all, As
a nation w'o should stand shoulder
to shoulder for tho rights of both
the public and the law-abiding cor
porations, and the Indiscriminate de
nunciation of all capital of the coun
try should cense.
Those who have the true Interest
of thp rotintry at heart should work
for the enforcement of the laws
wich have .been mado effective in
the last, few years, vigorously prose
cuting every violator.
In conclusion, I wish to say that
I am heartily In sympathy with you
in your work. I believe organized
labor and organized capital can bet
ter work together and the future will
so demonstrate. 1 btjicvo evtery
man who works is entitled to bo
classed us a working man, and I am
stijl . working, and . I havo worked,
as most of you know, In tho different
departments of railroading. My
first, railroad work was on a section.
From there to the traffic and oper
ating departments until 1 reached my
work of construction. Within the
last twelve years I have planned and
carried out the construction of more
than five thousand miles of railroad.
I am proud of this work, The rail
roads I have built arc now employing
3,0 00 men, and with th0 employes
and their families those railroads aro
now supporting over 100,000 souls.
I wish I could continue to build
roads In sections where they are
needed, furnishing employment to
deserving men, support of their fam
ilies and mean of education for their
Law-ton News-Republican: A man
on trial for murder in Indiana has
been convicted of arson, whltf is al
most as bad as the Irish mTlstrate
who found the man who stole two
mules guilty of bigamy.
if $
!JU jfAwK
The pan-American wlentlfie con-
jjnttH, vlil begins its session In
Suntiiigo, Chile, lrc, will brins
toeilicr n roinnikiille nrray of Uio
world's sclent Ific men. It. is cipect-
ed to t'Oiitriliutc nmcli ( llio prog-
ress of science in South America.
Among the delegates to (he congress
The world's fears hav0 been set at
rost on several important points by
the new agreement between America
anj Japan, to judge from the com
ment, of tho foreign press. The fate
of the Tacific ns a road of commerce
und tho fate of China as an Indepen
dent empire maintaining its open
ports and its Integrity have been
hanging in the balance ever since
the conclusion of the Russo-Japanese
A new difficulty was cn-uled by
tho conflict between Japanese Immi
grants and California citizens on tho
west coast of the American continent
and it was actually supposed by
some that In case of conflict Russia
would support Japan against tho
United States. Thes0 apprehensions
are now happily disposed of. In
treatiug of this matter in a long
article the Preussisehe Zeilung (Mer
lin) speaks as follows with regard
to the Pacific, problem:
"In America the view was at one
time entertained that a decisive
struggle was imminent between the
United States and Japan to decide
the problem of hegemony in tho Pa
cific. It was in tho first Instance
supposed that Japan might have de
pended upon, the Biipport of Russia.
From today there can b0 no more
mention of such an idea."
, T
The London Dally Post also bo
lleves that the ne,w agreement "post
pones indefinitely the once much-talked-of
struggle for the mastery of
the Pacific." Reckoning it as one
of the great compacts such as those
between Japan and Great Britain or
France and Russia, Tho Dally News
(London) says that "apart from
technicalities it might just as well be
called an alliance." It is a "fresh
guaranty of peace in the Far East,"
especially between the United States
and Japan. These two countries
will henceforth "repudiate the idea
of rivalry in those regions," declares
the Paris Temps; ,and tho Journal
(Paris) thinks that the signing of
the compact at Washington pours a
flood of glory upon the closing days
nppolnted by Recretiiry Root to rep-
resent the l ulled State are! V. H.
Holmvs, Wiirf Ui( burenu of ellinol-
ogy, StnithHiiWa iitnlK utirtt ; Colo-
ncl William C. Goi'gns, United States
army, chief snnltnjy officer of the
Isthmian canal commission; IVofes-
aors Itenmid Mium, I'niversily of
of President Roosevelt's official term
"France, ns the friend of both
nations, is, like them, deeply Inter
ested in the maintenance of the sta
tus quo in the Far Fust, and Is gra
tified by this new pledge of peace."
This idea that the agreement in
sures the solution of the Pacific
problem and tbo maintenance of
peace between the nations 'on its
easteru and western nhores is em
phatically dwelt upon by the Journal
ties Dobats (Paris) which praises Ja
pan's unselfish conduct in the mat
ter. Thus wo read;
"Japan has now given to Kuropo
full proof of her disinterestedness.
Asia and America will feel them
selves compelled to como to some
commercial agreement with Japan,
especially as the opening of the Pan
ama canal is destined to change, to
th0 udvantage of tho latter, the var
ious routes of trade."
The fate of China is also secured
.by the agreement or treaty between
Washington and Tokyo, says tho Lon
don Times, and it 'delicately express
es a hope that henceforth Justice will
be done to those portions of the Chi
nese empire which have been in the
occupation of Japan, by the establish
ment thero of a system of real com
mercial equality among the nations.
This Is particularly desirable, thinks
th0 Action (Paris), because China,
at this present moment, is tho ob
ject of the commercial aspirations of
them all, especially of Germany, hints
the Liberto (Paris). Germany will
be mightily Irritated, thinks this
Journal, by the last clause f tho
agreement, which provides for a mu
tual consultation, before taking in
dividual action In case of any emer
gency which threatens tho status
Tho Figaro (Paris) dwells upon
the matter from a completely com
mercial standpoint, and concludes
that la matters of trade Japan, in
spite of ber. proximity, lias no more
rights la Chift. Uua Jias;
i m imn inrit n"r' "
California; William Benjamin Smith,
Tulune University of Louisiana; I'aul
S. Ueinsch, University of WiNCOiiHin;
li. 8. Howe, UniversUy of IN'imsyl-
vanln; AVilllnm 1. Shepherd, Uni-
versity of ('olumhlu; Archibald C.
Coolidge, Harvard university, and
Hiram ltinglinm, Vale nnlversily.
"The Interests of. Japan In China
arc Identical witli those of America
. , and consist very largely
In guaranteeing an open market
throughout th0 length and breadth
of the great Middle Kingdom, We
are now assured that the American
government will not establish, any
relations with China detrimental to
the legitimate interests and aspira
tions of Japan, and that Japan will
welcome tbo activity of American en
terprise In that country."
The German press, as a whole, ap
prove the signing of the agreement,
tho N'orddcutsche Allegemino Zeitung
(Berlin) agreeing with the Koclnls
cho Zeitung that it at any rai0 se
cures China's integrity from the ma
chinations of Russia, Japan or Eng
land. Translations made for Tho
Literary Digest.
Chicago, Dee, 26. Thirty-five men
and women, occupants of a rooming
house in Wabash avenue, were driv
en into tho streets in their night
clothes early today by firo which de
stroyed an automobile garage ad
joining th0 house. The loss was $60,
000. WORK HEiilXS O.Y A. R. & E. I'.
Special to Dally Panhandle. "
Childress, Texas, Dee. 26. Presi
dent Kennedy of the Altus, Roswell
& Kl Paso railway, announces that
all bonuses along his proposed rail
road have been completed and con
tracts are being signed. Ho now has
110 teams at work. Grading will
begin at Childress In January. Two
outfits will work both ways out of
Childress. Th0 total amount of bo
nus money raised between Altus aad
Roswell was $600,000, half of which
Is available for construction work.
The Chase Construction company of
St. Louis has received the contract
The Frisco &UI lurnlsh motive
Nil! Sends Message-Court
Severe in Remarks to
r-ort Worth, Tex.. Dec. M. Sam
uel Gompers, President Federation
of Labor, Washington, 1). C: Two
hundred thousand union farmer of
Texas sympathi.o with you. Mitchell
and 'Morrison. Advise us bow to aid
you. D. J. NK1LI., President.
Washington, Dee. ' 2C There Is
not much likelihood that "Gompers,
Mitchell and Morrison will ever gu
to JaU, even If the coiy t should sus
tain the judgment pronounced this
afternoon by Judgu Wright of tho
District supreme court.
Of course, no announcement is to
bo expcclud from tho White House,
but nevertheless, It Is very well un
derstood that If these labor leair:i
boulj liibU an appeal a pardon will
be very quickly forthcoming from the
Vhlt House, whether at that time
the president should bo Roosevelt or
Tho dlrlalon of Justico Wright,
which consumed two hours and twen
ty minutes In reading, aa ou of tho
most scathing arraignments that ever
came from tho bench In this city.
"Everywhere," tho court said, "all
over, within tho court und out, ut
ter, rampant, Insolent defiance is
heralded and proclaimed; -unrefined
insult, coarse affront, vulgar, indig
nant measures, the litigants' concep
tion of the tribunal's due, wherein
his cause still pends."
"The laws command," hn said, "tn
stand hands off until Justice In the
matter can be asserted. But there
has been a studied, determined, de
fiant conflict precipitated in the light
of open day between tbe decrees ot
a tribunal ordained 'by the govern
ment of the federal nnlon and of the
federation grown up In the land.
"One or tho other,"' lifi declared,
"must succumb, for thoso who would
unlaw the land are publio enemies."
Conspiracy Restraining- Trade.
Following an exhaustive discus
sion of conspiracies in restraint of
trade, Judge Wright said:
"From the foregoing it ought, to
seem apparent to tho thoughtful men
that the defendants to the bill, each
and all of them, have combined to
gether for tho purposes.
"1. Of bringing nbout tho breach
of plaintiff's existing contracts with
others, '
"2. Depriving plaintiff of proper
ty, tho value of tho good will of its
business without duo process of law.
"3. Restraining trade among sev
eral states.
"4. Restraining the commerce
among th several states."
Tho ultimate purpose of the de
fendants, tho court said In this con
nection, was unlawful, thtlr con
certed project an offense against the
law, and it added, thoy aro guilty
of crime.
Coming to the question of the vi
olation of th0 court's Injunction Jus
tice Wright said that Gompers and
others had in advanc0 of tbe In
junction determined to violate it, if
issued, and had, In advance of the
injunction counsrled alt 'members of
labor unions and of (ho American
Federation of Labor and the public
generally to violate it in case"' it
should 'be Issued, which points'out
also tho general policies and mutual
understanding of the organizations.
OoinjMM's Replies.
Asked If ho had anything to sny
why sentence should not ibe pro
nouncd, President Gompers declared
that be had not consciously violated
any law. There was much h0 would
like to say, he said, but be could
not do it at that time. Ho added,
however, that "this is a struggle of
tho working people for the right.
It Is a struggle of the ages a strug
gle of men of labor to throw off some
of tho burdens which have been heap
ed upon them, to abolish some of
tbe wrongs and to secure some of
tbe rights too long denied."
Mitchell and Morrison confined
themselves to an indorsement of
what Gompers bad Baid.
The various labor organizations in
protesting to President Roosevelt
against the sentences urg him to
prevent the iacarceraUon o.t the la
bor leaders.
A. 8.
'Uncle Abe's" Remains to Rs
pose la Llano Cemetery
Sister Present
The funeral services abovo tho re
mains of A. S, Drain, known umonj
many friends in Amarlllo as "Undo
Abo Drain," will bo bold lu lh0 Tolk
Street Methodist church tomorrow
afternoon, Rev. O. F. .Sensabaugh,
tho pastor, officiating.
Tho Odd Fellows fraternity,
through representatives of the Sub
ordinate, Dii umpincnt, Canton aud
Rebekubs, will bo first In cbargo of
tho coremonleH, und will ibu assisted
by I ho Brotherhood of Railway Car
men of America. All of tbo lodges
and viiibillvliilon of lodges will be
garbed In funeral regalia and para
phernalia. Tho ldy of Mr. Drain
will bo adorned with his full drets
uniform of tho Patriarchs Militant
degroo of the Odd Fellows organi
zation, 'whilo his badge of member
ship, In tho carman's organization,
will occupy a prominent plaee on his
Trl-Lluk costume.
Ouo Sister Present,
Tho commltteo lu charge Invites
tho publlo to attend the funeral.
Tho only relative to bo present Is a
sister, Mrs. S. K, Cotida of Talaga,
Okln. A brother of tho dead man,
residing In St. Joseph, Mo., can not
bo present and an aunt n Califor
nia and a sister la New York can not
reach hero In time for th services.
Mr. Drain was a member of tbo
Baptist church. Ho came hero a
number of years ago, ilidng a native
of Rrooklyn, N. V. For yearn hi
father, mother and sister resided
with him in Amurillo, and ho will bo
burled alongside of their last rest
ing places In l.lano cemetery. Al
though be was at tho time of bis
death almost M yars of age, ho
was as devoted as a child to the
parents, tho last no of whom died
about a year ago. He provided a
homo for his parents an.! sinter, and
even did ninny deeds of kindness for
thoso not related to him by blood.
Many aro today recounting Mr.
Drain's acts of human benefaction.
His purfe and hand were always
open to tbo poor and distressed
around him, and no worthy causo
was ever presented to his notice to
be turned away without aid.
Friend of tlio Friendless.
"Fiielo Abo" was a friend to thi
friondlcvs desplt0 tho fact that ho
himself was but a wago earner. Ho
had accumulated noino property and
a raro fund of friendship and good
will. In all of bis fraternal affili
ations he was a in an who stood
prominent and will bo sadly missed.
Tho rituals of Jill orders with
which he was connected will be used
in connection with tho funeral and
burial services. ,
k Associated Press.
Irvine, Ky., Dee. 2ti. Tho
it jury In the case of Beech lUr-
gis, charged with the murder of
his father, Judge James Hargln,
k reported this afternoon their In-
ability to agrco and waa dls- -k
k charged. Tho jury stood nne
for ncqultal and three for cou- -k
k vict Ion.
'llio Illinois United Mine Workers
of America Kent this telegram signed
by President John Walker, tho vice
president, secretary-treasurer and
members of tho executive board.
"In the natno of 73,000 mine work
ers In Illinois we deslro to protest
against tho recent decision commit
ting to penal servitude thoso great
commoners and representatives of
i ho American labor movement, Sam
uel Gompers, John Mitchell and
Frank Morrison. Theso men may be
guilty of a ibreacU of law, ut a law
that denies 'ho uso of a freo press
and free speech is a breach of tha
fundamental principles of our coun
try." Philadelphia, Dec. 16. Jamea
Beck, of New York, of counsel for the
Buck Stove company, was informed
of the decision la the labor case at
Washington whilo ia this city today.
Mr. Beck -who made the closing; ar
gument for the company, in com
menting upon the case eaid:
"This case ought to be tbo dsath
knell ot the boycott." ,
M "'

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