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The weekly herald. [volume] (Amarillo, Tex.) 1906-19??, December 31, 1908, Image 8

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86088122/1908-12-31/ed-1/seq-8/

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Woman in industrial Life
and Effect on the Family
Atlantic City, N. J., Dec. 2. Tim
following ia an abstract of an address
ty Professor I'. (. Wcnthotiy dcllv-
JroJ b( fore tbo Amerlcau Sociological
jclcty here, on last evening:
SThe transition Mnt In which m
jon, economically speaking, aro
Uruggling at tht present tinn wan
net forth by profosMr lissc (i.
Weatheiiy of tho University of Indl-
na In an In to rot lug jih it addressed
to tho question, "How Does th -cosg
of Women to Industrial Occu
pation React I'pon the Family?"
Professor Weatheiiy lier.au by call
Ins attention to tlio differentiation
jilonR ex linen which up to now has
i haracterlrcd i In history of Indus
try. "To the male'' said he, "fell
those, active pursuits connected with
'the aecnrlns of remote, materials,
.While to the female fell those more
Vtatlonary an(j connected with the
fixed abode.
"An conditions of living have bo
cnnrio mnro stable and as machine
production has developed, man has
taken over one by one those arts -
" first agriculture, then weaving, pol
itely, oli, whbh, were lt e woni
lin'e peculiar rare. Willi tli,. com
ing of 1 ho IndiiHi rial-urban type of
life after the Industrial revolution
'.her was a si 111 more pronounced
hlfting of labor away from the home
to more specialized work places. Wo
man thus again surrendered, this
time to the factory, many lines of
sciivlty formerly her own. i
".She would then cease to bo eco
nomically functional, unlesH she
tlioulj flntl a phco In the new, pro
ductive process, or unless tho purely
domestic duties of motherhood, homo
making and management should be
to extended and Intensified as to
mako lor her an adequate career.
"Two clauses must lie clearly dis
tl. 'finished n considering the Indus
trial situation: (1) Women who
work because of actual necessity, and
' Hi those who work or tulght work
Localise they prefer employment to
Professor Weatherly said that un
married women In America, especial
ly the natlvp born, contributed rela
f ely little to the family treasure
Iirortly. their Income Rolng mainly
o securing (supplementary advant
ages for themselves. Numerically
Important they are Impermanent bh
a class and therefore weak bargain
ers. Employment is responsible for
postponement of marriage but. It ren
tiers women more independent of the
lingio alternative of marriage or in
dependence. Employed married wo
men are also weak as Industrial class
- focauso of lark of solidarity and be
cause their wages are assumed to be
merely supplementary to the family
income. . ,L ,
"Advance in the ape of marriage,
experience In and distaste for domes
,lc duties, uneconomic ha bit a of
spending, and a more ready resort to
ilivorce as a refuge from domestic
IIU are some of the pathological re
sult of the Industrial employment of
married women. The resultant de
fective home life rcaels on t'ne hablla
of the husband and Is disastrous to
childhood. The Infant death rate
Is high when married women are
employe and children are deprived
of the normal home discipline.
"Women have probably not largely
displaced men In industry, because
although female wage-earners have
greatly increased, much of the labor
has merely been transferred from the
home to tho factory. There is still
a generally lower wage rate for wo
men than for men even for equiva
lent work, duo to the lack of a seri
ous professional spirit and of organ
ization. Where woraea and children
Uio employed the wages of men ure
ttiatlsm, whether muscular or of the
Joints, sciatica, lumbagos, backache,
pains in the kidneys or neuralgia
pains, to write to her for a noma
treatment which has repeatedly cured
all of these tortures. She feels It her
duty to Hnd It to all 8ufferera FREE.
Vou core yourself at home as tnou
sandJ will teetify no change of cli
mate being necessary. This simple
discovery banishes uric add from the
blood loosens the stiffened joints,
purifies the blood, and brightens the
eyes, giving elasticity and tone' to
the whole system, if the above in
terests you, for proof address
Mrt. M. Summer, Box R, Norte
Dams, Ind. ",
MiinctluieH lower (ban elsewhere, not
because of compel it ion, but because
the total necessary living Income Is
not now dependent on the earnings
of tho single inailo breadwinner.
"Different but scarcely leva, evil Is
the status of women without serious
occupational Interest. The lowering
of the death rule hiiiI the partial so
clali.atlou of child-training lia les
sened the hurili.ns of motherhood.
Tnls release of energy make possible
new direction for women's activity
outside the narrow range assigned to
Ibem In the Oriental type of family.
"J. nek of occupational Interest, of
a normally developed instinct of
workmanship, Is detrimental to wom
an's health uud contentment. It Is
a source of marital unrest and of so-
clul disquietude. It accounts for
much of the unfitness for service
auioiig the young unmarried woman,
"Women have already taken over,
In a balf-liearied way, some branches
of industry. It Is desired that there
should .lie such a social division of
labor as would definitely set aside
for theni certain occupations, with
proper legal pro lion, and with ade
quate restraints and exemptions ad
justed to the spec ial needs of mother
hood. Child-bearing Is to bo reckon
ed as a part of woman' service to
the stall'.
'Freedom of choice of occupation,
now limited, should be enlarged so
that a wife or daughter would be
free to contribute, her appropriate
share to the family income in what
ever form her tastes and capacity de
"But domesticity will remain pre
dominantly woman's field alnce It Is
th, domestically Inclined who marry
and determine tho heredity. The im
pulse toward self-reallaation in Inde
pendent career Is growing, but it Is
an acquired trait, chiefly the result
of Imitation. .
"Whatever modification In the
structure of the family has occur
red us a result of the new Industrial
situation Is associated with produc
tion. Hut the family, under modern
conditions, is primarily a unit not of
production but of consumption, and
consumption has not yet revolution
ized. There is room for great, de
velpment In the use of wealth, both
In aestheMclsing consumption and
the thrifty application of resources,"
ii:i:i FOR DAIRY cows.
Farm and Ranch: I am milking
a'flue herd of Jerseys and Intend
feeding them this winter, In order
to enrich the milk and at th0 wame
time Increase the flow. Can you
advise me as to a mixture of feeds,
say cotton seed meal and hulls, or
bran and seed alone? Would you ad
vise feeding dry or wet? I don't
care to take up an expensive feed,
but just a simple cheap feed, such
as used by the practical farmer and
stock raiser,
A. 1C. BELL.
Answer With the feeds you men
tion you have very little choice.
Whether you would feed cotton seed
meal and hulls, or cotton seed and
bran will depend,, upon the relative
price of cotton seed meal and cot
ton seed. If you will bear In mind
that In each ton of cotton seed there
1b about 800 pounds of meal and 900
pounds of hulls, you will have a basis
from which to compare the economy
of each feed. You will, do well, how
ever, to give preference to meal and
bulla if the prices are almost the
same, for tho reason that each ton
of seed contains from thirty-five to
forty snllona of oil. The oil not
only has no nutritive value, but acts
as a purgative and makes it difficult
for dairy cows to eat a sufficient
quantity of the same to produce the
best results. Regarding your de
sire to increase the "richness" of
your eow'a mlllc by feeding, will say,
that can only be done to a very slight
extent. The richness of milk of a
row Is an Individual or breed char
acteristic which s acquired by breed
In?, and not y feeding. It is true,
however, that thnt percentage of butter-fat
In the milk is Influenced to
some extent by the Rurroundlngs of
the animal, that Is exposure to bad
weather, running by dogs, abuse by
milkers, etc., all has its effect, tem
porarily, in producing a "thinner"
milk. Dry feed Is preferable to wet
feed or dairy cows.
AssUtant in Dairy Farming; Investi
gation, Deaiion, Texas.
Has Prolosltlon For Local
Tho Millonoinali Mechanical Man
ufacturing company of oi( land, ore
uon, a ilt'iiHuisiiHiiou of whose nun
cultural etiitiitcM was mad,, in Amur
lllii yesterday liy Malinger (iei'lliiK,
is to locate it plant in iIiIh cilv for
the manufacture of lis machinery.
Home people are invited to subscribe
to slock In the enterprise, uhlili is
expected lo employ a large niiinbci
vt skilled workmen in the Inline.
The demonstration yesterday bv
Manager (ietilng proved u success,
and resulted in giving many per
sons a larger understanding of the
possibilities of the products of the
coinpany.-and also In placing of seven
orders for machines built by ibo con
cern. It was explained at the dem
onstration that the company, expects
to locale its big factory In Amarillo.
This factory, If located here, will,
when running 10 its full capacity,
employ several hundred men and
have an output worth more than
$300, uon annually.
The company now being organized
for the Texas plant, will hay a capi
talization of 1 1 (iii.OOO. and so soon
as the stock subscriptions have been
completed arthles of incorporation
will be tiled with the secretary of
state and actual work on tbo plant
Shares Kucli.
The stock Amarillo parties are
asked to subscribe for aggregates
(MM). This comes at $1." per
share, Already there has been much
encouragement to the enterprise and
i here seems o doubt that the venture
w ill bo made a go.
Th(J engines gotten out by the
company possess many advantages
over nnythlng yet offered t ot'armers
ai)(j ranchers of this portion of the
state, and Texas as a whole. it
makes possible a thorough staie of
farming at a cost that seems ex
traordinarily low. It will give to
this rapidly developing portion of the
country advantages even ahead of
what It already possesses. The worth
of the factory to Amarillo proper can
be realized only by those who are
closely In touch with the proposition.
Three Size".
This company makes Its rigs In
three sizes. The highest price ma
chine is $3,000; and upon this rig
$1,600 will be spent ln the city for
labor. The other rigs are manufac
tured at a cost of $2,500 and $1,500
each and labor will receive wages
proportionately on each of tbe Jobs
finished. It does not take a far
slghted man to realize 'the Import
ance to this enterprise, as it means
the expending of a vast sum of mon
ey among the home people.
Illustrative of the popularity of
this rig It may bP said that the com
pany is in receipt of orders for a
number of machines to be shipped to
China, and also some are wanted in
the Philippine islands. There is no
question relative to the demand for
the output of the factory.
The plant will be a large ono and
will embrace small demonstration
grounds. It Is one of the purposes
of the promoters of this enterprise
to install along with the plant an
up to date machine vhop an( brass
foundry. Later will be added a
grey-Iron foundry and the trade will
be protected. The company finds
thei l need for a foundry here and
this will bo met in the new enter
prise. (jood for Amarillo.
There are many reasons that make
the location In Amarillo for this plant
advantageous to all concerned. Tho
first Is there is a greater amount of
open lands to be farmed with mod
em machinery in this portion of the
state than elsewhere in the United
States. Again (he Panhandle ia just
now being opened up for cultivation.
Again, it is in need of just the class
of machinery to b0 put out by this
concern. Then there is the saving
of shipping charges. Another advant
age la that, all buying of this machin
ery will or may be done In the city
of Amarillo. Cheapening of farm
ing on a large scale by this company
is something truly remarkable. The
company will later attempt the farm
ing of a sufficient body of land to
Remonstrate the worth of It;; meth
ods. Plowing to an unusual depth
will be made possible through the
machinery turned out. and this con
serves moisture and makes possible
better crops In seasons when the
supply of moisture Is not all that
could be desired In connection wHh
the shallower method of farming.
The matter of locating this factory
for Amarillo is ono that Is now up
to tho people of the city. The slock
will be orfered for sale within the
next few days, and those making the
tender of stock are prepared to show
the many points of advantage to he
had by building this plant, and start
ing the factory at the earliest pos
sible day,
Dallas, Dec. 30. A man supposed
to be J. C. Coleman, or J. L. Wyatt,
ended his life at the St. George hotel
here by taking carbolic acid. He la
believed to have heen a Katy con
ductor. Papers on his person bpre
both names.
taVW'fe j, . 4X, ', vV': -v
-H'-r; j-j VA ' " ; ; t I'll Ji X If
Mm ; :
v- . ' ."..- 4 . . ... v. y.A-
Alfred Shrulih, the UiiglKh runner
N o run a .Marat lion race auaiiist
Turn Longboat, (be Indian vWio lie
feule, Dcianilo. I lie race will take
place in Madison Square (iarden. New
York, January 10. Sbnibli holds
every professional illstance recoril
from 2,000 yards up to eleven niiles.
William E. Curtis in
Woeful Lack
William R. Curtis, the well known
writer on economic and oilier sub
jects pertaining lo life and business
In the Unite," States, has a lengihy
article in the Chicago Kerord-Herald
of recent date In which bo makes
i survey of western America and
sounds a note of alarm regarding tho
settling of the west. ln short, Mr.
Curtis Is much per:tirbed over tho
matter of farming in the west where
irrigation can not I e secured. "Dry
farming'' seems to be a dangerous ex
periment to this wilier. He deals
lu some vital truths, while some of
his statements are not borne out by
facts. He says:
"It Is thought necessary to warn
land-hungry people who ai laking
up homesteads and buying small
farms In the semi-arid regions of
western Kansas, eastern Colorado,
Wyoming, 1'tah and other states that
'dry farmfng' Is a critical proposition.
It Is also considered Important that,
home seekers should know that many
million acres of o;ir arid land hu
never be irrigated under any circum
stances because of lack of water, and
that the prevention of waste of water
is one of tho moat important duties
of the American people."
So far Mr. Curtl.i Is not. r.ir wrong,
but he tmniediatc'y after falls Into
error by giving a quotation which
he takes from the effusions of what
ho calls "one of the ablett agricul
tural experts In tho country," though
re does not name him. The "able
agricultural expert" says:
"Over most of the territory west of
the ninety-ninth meridian there has
been 50 per cent of rainfall above
the normal for the last three years.
The soil Is rich, most of It at least.
Some of it Is very easily tilled; wonie
of it is of adobe formation, which
is a hard soil to manage and chould
never :be plowed at. all. The- whole
country from tho national boundary
to aud including the Panhandle of
Texas has been exploited for tbe last
three or four years by companies
more or less closely affiliated with
the railroads w'.m have purchased
their land grants and have proclaim
ed far and wide the doctrine that
rain follows the plow. I bat the Hast
is moving West, and they are selling
these lands pleading that a home
stead can be secured alongside at
from 16 to $20 an acre. They se
cure about a third payment down,
which is about the original cost of
the land, and take mortgages run
ning at 8 per cent. Interest for the
balance. If normal rainfall should
return, a calamity would strike, this
whole fom the ninety-ninth
meridian to the one hundred and
third meridian, the whole length of
He has never heen Iwaten In a de
lude. He is five feet Keven indies
tall anil weiiihs 1:1(1 pounds. Not wit h
slaiiding his comparatively short
stature, he has a stride of more than
live feet. He ha beaten relays of
I he het professional runners in this
count ry and Canada.
Chicago Daily Shows
of Knowledge
the country, that would be greater
than the calamity that struck west
ern Kansas and Nebraska In thn 'SOs.
in fact, I believe bat the whole agri
cultural population, outside of tbe
irrigation districts, would be driven
back two hundred miles, bankrupt
and hopelews. The mortgages will
he foreclosed on these lands, and
they will bo converted Into great
ranches and the grasses allowed to
reseed themselves, which they will
do In the course of probably ten,
fifteen or twenty years."
Now It Is veen from tbe above that
the "able agricultural expert" which
Mr. Curtis quotes, includes the Pan
handle Is this "danger zone," and
declares that If tbe normal rainfall
should return u great calamity would
befall the territory under discussion.
The Daily Panhandle wishes to In
form Mr. Curtis and his "able agri
cull ural expert" that a special bul
letin prepared by the chief of the
weather bureau at Washington on
precipitation in the Panhandle of
Texas, shows that the normal rain
fall for the last -'Si years hus been
22.39 Inches annually; and If we
return to this normal whei is dang
er to the Panhandle of Texas? A re
gion that averages 22. 3!) Inches of
moisture fop practically twenty-nine
years seems to a sensible man to be
one of great worth an a land of
plenty and prosperity, which it Is,
as all men know who have gone to
and fro in it.
This average of precipitation cov
ering so many years is not gueas
work or boom talk of land agents
and others, but was issued officially
from the weather bureau chief's of
fice In Washington. November 10,
190X, and Mr, Curtis and his able ag
ricultural export van secure R copy
from Washington for the asking.
Regarding conditions or probable
future conditions In other states we
havo ni particular interest, outside
of a desire to see the entire western
American country prosper, but with
the Panhandle of Texas we have
much to do and we dedicate this ed
itorial lo Mr. Curtis and hf"s "able
agricultural expert," with the ad
monition to hereafter "look before
they leap" into a discussion of a
question of which they seem to be
woefully Ignorant.
The Panhandle of Texas is aniens
the great rich and prosperous sec
tions of the American union, ard on
this we si ad ua.L
We have some odds and ends
of Fancy China which will be
sold at a sacrifice to keep
from Invoicing:. This is a
chance to pick up something
for nothing:.
Ask to see this line when you
are down town. It will be
worth w hile.
after the Holiday festivities. The
extra expense incident to this sea
son of good cheer thrusts upon you
the realization that you must spend
less that you ought to save a part
of your income
Open a savings account at this bank. It will
help. 4 per cent interest allowed
on savings.
First National Bank,
Amarillo, Texas.
J'iK.SL UlKlsrU.N ( HI lit U
BtiiatsiKLCtiiih is liisixt;.
Weather Alone la Only factor Which
C'mu Aow lictunl Ihci Work.
The concrete foundation of the
KirsL Um.-u ian church building uut
laen completed and brick i tieiu
placed lor tbe aupersiruciurti, '1 lie
ui tidal board of tue congregation is
well pleaded vwih tho piotiesa uud
there seeni.s now every reason to
believe that weather conditions alone
will be responsible for delay that may
occur. Materials are being heaped
upon the ground aud a liberal force
of n.eu ia aailuble lof th, work.
It was one of the cliiei amuitions
of Key. Jewell Howard, tb(. rolnifij
pastor, to eo this building under
way, and he was In cnarge of th
work until the building was well
along, and then tendered bis resigna
tion. The siruciure will be upon a
scale of elegance equal to any in the
city, but somewhat less in Its propor
tions than either the Kirat iiaptisi or
tbo Polk Street Methodist.
Various Churches in City to Observe
I'.vcnt Where and When.
1 be week of prayer will be ob
served this year by the pastors of the
various churches of Amarillo. All
of the services will be held at tbe
Fillmore Street Presbyterian church,
corner Seventh and Fillmore streets.
Following is the order ln which
various ministers will conduct the
Monday evening, January 4 Rev.
O. K. Sensebaush.
Tuesday evening, January ."i
R. F. Jenkins.
Wednesday evening January
Rev. M. It. Worsham.
Thursday evening, January
Rev. Leonard filll,
Friday evening, January S
T. h. Dyer.
Services will begin promptly at
7:30 and will hist one hour. There
will be good music and Inspirational
preaching. Care will he taken to
have the house comfortable.
Bpfclal to Dally Panhandla.
Austin, Dec. 2!). Governor Camp
hell may persuade Secretary of Slate
Davie not to resign his olfiee as be
evnects l, do. Tho irovernor savs
h.i will feel the Iohs keenly, and re
fuses to indicate who "ill succeed
Davie If be leaves. The office Is
likely to go to one of the chief lieu
tenants In the recent campaign.
Special to Dally panhandle.
Houston, Dec. 20. General man
agers of Texas railroads met here
today for 'business behind closed
doors. No one attending would dis
cuss tho likefihood of sranting the
iilyllt!lii'U'.7ty'ljf'JP-f I
it is settlors.
Some Amarillo People Fail to llealkq
the Seriousness,
The constant aching of a bad back.
Tbe weariness, tho tired feeling.
The pains aud aches of kidney Ills.
Are serious if neglected.
Dangerous urinary troubles fol
low. Mrs. I, o. Hanrroft, llvins la
Qu.'ui.ih, Texas, says; "I take ploas
ure in recommending Down's Kidney
Pills for they did me a great deal
of good. I as troubled for several
jcurs with kidney comnlaini. There
was a weakness across the mnall of
my back and loins which was ac
companied hy dull pains through the
reslon of lay kidneys. The secre
tions were very pro! use and caused
nie additional iinnoyance. At other
times t bey would become scanty un
til an liiinosi complete rete.ition took
place, I'ohn's Kidney Pills were
recommended to me. and 1 procured
a box. Althuu;Ji I used only the
contents of th.n one box, I received
more relief than from any medicine
1 bad lakeii in all my life and I am
glad to stale that the relief has prov
en permanent. I ni giving the
statement in behalf of other suffer
ers, for 1 believe Dean's Kidney pills
will prove satisfactory, whenever they
are use( in accordance with tho di
rect ion.-'."
For sale hy all dialers. Price SI)
cents. Foslel-Milburn Co.. Buffalo,
New York, sole adonis for the 1'nltod
Remember the name Doan'e
and tjj'o no other.
Special to Daily Panhandle.
Houston, Dec. I'D. --.lames Mul
l.'irli.v and J. K. ShanKlin wcr in
dieted today by the grand Jury
charge,! with swindling the Gulf
Pipe Line in the Humble oil field.
It, is claimed the defendants reported
a largp amount of oil turned into the
pipe which was never delivered.
Farmers' union reduced rates on cot
ton, but it Is believed strong pres
sure which is being brought to bear
will give the fanners a victory,
Grinding Done
Mill feed for sale Wholesale,
r.O. box 374, Amarillo Tex.

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