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San Marcos free press. [volume] (San Marcos, Tex.) 1877-1892, November 10, 1877, Image 1

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'Prove all Things, Hold FtisXtyhich Is Good."
NO. 1.
oan lviarce
"Frf4H PrESS.
IaVo II. 3 U L I A N ,
To whom a'l Uplters should be Addreaaed.
Office South side of Plusa.
Rates of Subscriptions -
One year, In advance. ..$2 on
Six mnutht ' i 1 SB
bree months " .. 75
One tqnare, out Insertion 1 00 ; each addition
al Insertion under one month, SO cent. per
tquare. ,
I ran. 3moa. 6 mos. 12 mnt
1 Square I 2 50
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!( colm I ft 0(1
U . I IIS 110
a B.nn Too
$ 12 on
H.Ofl 12 00
10 0(1 15.00
n.oo 2n tin
15 00 1 2s.no
2(1 (HI
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1 55.00 85.00 1 6.1 CO I 10C.00
One Inch In space constitutes square.
Legnl and transient advertising payable tlrlc'Iy
In advance. ) ''.
r'lrfcat noUeii, 10 cent per line each Insertion.
Announcing oandldatea tor olllii., county, $ 6.00
For Dlatrlct or Htate offices, 10 00
Obituary notlcet ol over ten lines charged at
deertlslng rates.
W Editor, "uhllshr and Proprietor, office anuth
laatcurnar Main Plnza, next door to the post
JJlTCnP-U., GLOVER A CO., Mitchell's Building
r' l'ilt lid fSriscorien.
TvONAtSOX JOHNSON, North aide Main
1) Plsza.
TV. HOrCUISS i CO., .West tide Main
J t Plata.
f P. 1UILEY 4 BROS., West aide of the Main
1 Plaza.
OTK1S A ailCSEM, Somh do or the Main
O Plaza.
TlRIOnS C. H., Worth el'lc of the Main
Ijr-lazu. .
B. FRY, South side Floza.
J) J. C. SMJTH, North Side Plaza.
i II CliCRKUAM CO.. mirth side of the
l. plnza, n.ljuliilug Harper't liable.
Q A U. M KIN KltS, West side Plaza.
JHAItl.F.K BOCK, Soiilli side Plnaa.
II r ii is K I t .
JlAYVOI.DS DASIKI., north side ol the Main
Jt Plaza.
J'JTW GK VMM, Travis' Corner.
HH. WOODS ft III.AKK.M;UK, office In floods
l'ai-d Banii;! s Drug simo.
DIH. DS.STOS PEVDI.nroS, cilice opposite
Iionahlsoa eui.iisuu'atuie.
) V II t I .
DR. J. II.OUMIW, oiU1:' Sortb ,llle "ff 'be
JJaiu Plata.
I. u w y e r a .
UTCIlISOXiiHaiNKLIN, in tbe Court-house.
l B. McBRlIiK, ofllce lu the Court House,
'TEULINO FISHER, efflcalu tbe Court House.
I. BROWS, oBlceover MltcheH'e ttore.
T H. JtMAN'.eMco FaM.Paaat BUtiuiug, cexi
X door to uost omce.
II ate la.
P&AT1S HOUSE, west aide Plaaa.
riSl.VS. West aide of poblle square.
Tlillinerr !'
B0VBEI5Z, aewh aide Plata.
Uakcrr a Camleclioerf .
jHEO. 8IMOy,iiextdoorareal'oi;PoetOac..
" XT ; Crrl "Ihr.
t M. RU. rear af Devlaaey Ca.'. Black
j, ass I Ik mop.
TD0MM05. 1. .e.ABai.MaUI eu.
Carpcalcr Kmilalar.
TOOSLA50,a Atu.la atrae.
. BALES, Saa Aataate Mraet.
WAB0.artsl4.af Psata.
rairkaBakcr Jeweler.
H KOBB1SS. eaat aiae !.
Hon. I.. W. Moor., Presiding Judge, Led range.
Tinas or HOi.mxn court.
Hay.. 2d Mondays in March and September.
- oovaTY orriOKH. ' -Sterling
Fisher, Jndge omiiy Court. 11 ' '
P.J. Manlove, County Attorney.
F.d. J. L.Oreen, Clerk. 1
Ja. A. Wren, Sheriff. C. S. Cock. Deputy. .
C. W.nrnnms, Justice of the Peace Pre. No. 1
1. M. Brdloe, " " 2
H.fl. l ittle. 8
L. Smith. i . - " "' . 4
U. A. MoMeans, County Trtasnrer.
A. Moaton, laaessor.
Ben.C. Hsrrtlii, Kurveyor
D. V. Hopkins, Cuu'r Precinct Ko. 1.
It, K. Moore " ' . " 3.
J. it. Burleson, ' " " 8. '
J I,. Bimmnre. " " .
Geo. H. Ward, Constable. ' ."
TiatM or iioi.iiixg CuiiXTT nun Paaotxot Couars
Crlmliml Cuu'iiy Court 1st Huuday in each
in on III.
County Court for Civil and Probate business
1st Monday in February, Ayrll, June, August, Oo
toiler and Decemher.
Coinnilssloners' Court 2il Mondays In February,
Mar, Auul and November.
Justice C'lurt Precinct Mo. 1 1st Friday In each
month, Dim Marcos,
Preolnci No. 2 -Id Friday In eich miinlh MtClty.
' " 8 3d " Wlmberley's Mill
' 4 4ih . " Dripping Springs.
tuwx orricaua. .
A. B.F.Kerr, Mayor. '
W. O. Hutchison, V
w. II. Fry, I
L. W. Mitchell, V
1). P. Hopkins, ' I ,
P. It. Turner. J
A. B. liailey, Marshal.
Austin Stave arrives at 2 o'clock r. "an
Antonio Slaife arrives at 12 o'clock tt. Both
Dally arrivals. Malls norihe est close st 11a.
going west, close at 1 . p. m.
Oonzsles.srrlves Tuesdays and Fridays at 5 P. n.
leaves at S A. at. uext moruing.
A. Von Stsik.P. M.
METHOniST. Prcachlnc' at the Methodist
Church every Snbbalh. Krv. J.S.GIIloU, pastor.
OnillSTI AN'. Proschlns; at 'the ' Christian
ninrch on Iheaecnnil snd tnnrth Sabbaths in each
month by P.lder J.J. Williamson.
PKKSRYTKHI VS. Preaching nt the Presbyle.
rlatiChurcli on Ihe first, second ai.d third b'
baibln eneh tuoiitli ny the liev. W. I,, Kennedy.
Biindav lu such month at 10) o'clork, a. m., and
T . m , t St. Mark's Church.) Rev. Mr. Aires,
Rector. '
ASK Ihe recoveted
dyspeptic, Billlous
sufferers, victims of
Fever apd Ague, the
mercuilal diseased
psilent how thsy re'
covered health cheer
till spirhs and good
appetite, they will
tell vnu by taking
Tin CiiiAPasT, PunasT amb Bkkt KAMtLr Mbdioihe
Bilious atucks.SICK U IC A DACH E, Colic. Depres
sion of Spirits, S'JUR srOMACll, Heart Burn,
Ac, o.
This unrlvsllect fomnern iiemeny i ri
not toconisin a single parilole or Mkuouhv, or
any lijurl.ni mineral substance, but is
Purely Vegetable,
containing those Southern Roots and Herbs,
whkh an allwUf Providence has placed In oun
trie" wlii-re l.lver Diseases most prevail. It
...sit s'i.v 1. 1 1 i.i,fiatM uitaeil vv
in- L.Tanxeiuoiit ( lliu l ivcrund
TUB SYMPTOMS ol l.lverCnmp'aintarea Ut
ter nt bud taste In Ihe mniilh; Tain In (he Back,
Sides or Jolnla. olti-M mistaken t"r hhi'limati.-ni:
kitdirsinmsitli! I.ss nf Arnellte: Bowels
.liornatslv eo.tlve and Isx; HeatlHCttf ; tnM
Memoir;, wllh a painful s.-nniloli of having
railed to do something which uuglil to have been
done; Iscbilliy, l.siw Spiril. a ibirk
yellow apnearsnre of the skin ned Kjes, a diy
Cough olteu mistaken lor Consumption.
Sometimes many af these symptoms attend tbe
disease, at others very lew; tun the Liver, the
largest organ hi the bod". Is generally the seat
ol ihedlsease, and If ion Kegolated In time, reat
suffering, wretched neis'atid .tru III will ensue.
I can recommend aa an efficacious remedy for
dltense of ihe Liver, Heartburn and Dyspepsia,
Simmons1 Liver Itegulalnf. LswiS O WosDte,
1825 Wester tt. Assists i.t Postmaster Philadelphia.
' We h ive tested Its virtues personally, and
know that lor Djspcp.la. Biliousness, and Throb
bing Headache, it is the he.t medicine the world
ever saw. We have tried forty oiher msdlclnel
before Simmon's l.iver Regulator, but none of
them gave ut more th. n temporary relief; but the
kegulator not oi ly relieved, but cured us." KD.
TaLAcaAra asd MassRaoaa. Macon, Ga.
MAavrAe-rtiBRp oxlt ar
It contains far medical elements, never united
Is lb same happv proportion in any other pr par
ation, via : a genile Caihartlc, a wonderful Tonle,
an unexceptionable Alterative, and a certain Cor
rective el all impurities ol the boCy. Such statist
success has atteuded Ita ase, that it la now re
garded as the
Far all disease, af tbe Liver. Stomach and Splaea.
At ,l tttmedf fat
n: has no EauAi
A. tbera .re . fiomter at m union. nrm .
tb. p.blic, we would cautla the coaamaaity ta
(tie Pawdera ee Preare4 SIMMONS' UT.
KB strut LA lute aaiea .a ear csr..r, - ..p.-..
sritb Trade Mar-k. Staina and Slgnaiur. aakrvkea.
Naesa eiaer la gw-iice
1, U. G UJ..
Tear rahiabl aredidne. Snaesane' Uver Begu
. . , i....lwn'slll laeelt
tar ase i.Utac ear si hicl. tt la recssaaaanded. and
nerer kiew It la fail. I ksve e4 it ia OHe and
. s.i Ana HtMA. wivta taeat
ehastl kail a battle at a liaie. I kave ns sat awe
taae I ra It t caw waist H la e-Tery-mm,
thai kas Stark, aa Mw the het aseslxlae
a r rirus. Arrat tar Oraagert af Gearata-
SratUlv I
ttv niH. 'ritaUK".. :
Last week we save & pretty , full re
port' of the rcoeptioD aod speech of
Mr. Hontlricks at lodiaoupolis. Be
low we give a Bituilar report of the
epeeoh made by Mr. Tildeo, irum bis
own door ia Mow i orl'.. in respeBBoto
a seruuade, aud in tbo preseuoe of a
lui'e couotJurao of hit fellow oitizeus:
Mr. TilOeu uiade ltia apDoaraove at
tbodioor, being eseorUtd by Mr. Vau
4Vyck, president of the Youug Meu's
I .llllltniln tin UklUaTaltaatldlft A H lliM ftl'lltVli
oauglit the first sight of hiui a roar of
cliceiS aud appkune weui up wtiioh
cuuttuued for a long tiuiu. Mr. Au
gustus So beil advanced m trout of the
group assembled ou the trout steps.
11b buia tuui Jir. juueuuuu a wurtu
plutiu iu the heurts of uii couotryuieu.
lie had bueu luirly aud bouesily elect
ed Prttideut by the . people of the
United states, but be naa Deeu tie
Lrtvedot the utlice by a scries of lraud,
aud by that suine lraud the oouutry
hud beeu UepnveJ ot bis services, it
wum a fraud tliut could nor. be ooudooed.
and oue which Mr, Tildeo bitnselt had
said could never be repeated without
disastrous results. Mr. oebell's re
marks were applauded, and then came
calls lor Mr. Iildeu. Mr Tilden was
standing bareheaded, in the middle of
the group. He descended the steps
aud look his positiou ou top ot a larxe
stuue supporting the left side jot the
stoop. The crowd cheered again, aod
it was a long time before Mr. T'ldeu
could Dioceed. His lace seemed pale
as he etttod under ihe glare of theeal-U
ciuiu liKiitSv thougu his health is saiu
to have become robuac during bis trip
abroad, but lie spoke with, tuuusual
wtii mth and vigor, the crowd frequent
ly interrupting with questions, all of
which ho noticed auu replica to. iio
b:i id : :
DK.MutiltA'i'lC L'LUB 1 tituuk you ior
jour kiuuiy welcome. ' My bummerex
uursiuti uow Jafit Closed Uud lor its oh'
ject a beason ul phyniuul aeliviiy, iu the
ubitu air, iu a luoticrate climttte auu
amid bccuos lutereaiitig by their us
bociaiiou with our literature, with our
jurisprudeuco aud with the origin aod
growth ol representative institutions.
ll tins repaired as- much as. three
mouths uould the waste ot six years
eousecraied to an ehortior government
al rei'orui in the city, Slate aud nutiou.
1 uo not foiecl thai in 1871 you joined
iu the work, ami have uever since beeu
wuuliug to U. 1 am glad here to night
to niiugle my congratulations with
yours on what has beeu doue, on tne
good arguries lor the future, and, above
all, on the resolute purpo.-e of the
young men ot our eoumry that ihe re
public shall be completely restored aud
re-catablished according to its original
ideals. Cheers. Thef:outratwhioh
sirikes tiie American eye between the
rJrttis'i isles aud our own country iu
the bupply of tood, aud especially ce
reals, ought to bo the basis of profit
able exchanges and iuestimable mutual
benefactions. The wauls ot our lirit
16 Ii cousins, already , enormous, will
rapidly increase. Tney row, not only
with iiopuLttioo, but by au iuccssaut
diversion of labor towards the most.
profitable employments. Uur meaus ol
supply ar boundless. We have im
mense areas of fertile soils cheap
peculiarity fitted for the use of agricul
tural machinery, and connected with
the ccutres of foreign commerco by
great rivers, by vast inland seas and by
75.0UO miles of railway. We have a
auu in our heavens which, in the sea
eon ot atrriculiural growth, pours down
daily floods of light and warmth, mak
ing the earth proline, giving abundance
and variety of fruits, assuring the
wheat crop, yielding cotton in its lone,
snd ripening corn everywhere, even to
the verge of the farthest north. I pro
diet a great increase in the consump
tion of our corn bv Great Britain over
the 6,(MK),000 bushels which it reach
ed last year. It is the roost natural
and spontaneous of ourcereal products.
Our present cropouchtto be 1.500,0(X),
000 buahels against 200,000,000 bush
els ot wheat. It is but little inferior
o wheat in nutritive power. It costs
liss than ono-halfon the seaboard, and
much less than one half on the farm.
It can be cooked, by those who con
sent to learn bow, into many delicious
forms of human Icod. Why should
not the British workmen hive cheaper
food? Why ihould not our farmers
have great market? Why should
not our carriers have the transporta
tion ? Let ns remember that commer
cial exchane es mnst have pome element
of mutuality. Whoever obstructs the
means of payment obstructs also the
facilities of sale. We mnst relax our
bamns revenue system so as net un
necessarily to retard the natural pro-rvaiN-e,
o trade. We mnst no lonrer
legislate! arant the wants of hamani-
t end tbe bewqefnee o uOv
The e'ertinn in w York, lihingb
only for State officers, has relations
to national politic! to which I know
yeu will expeot me to allude. ; The
eoudemnation by the peopio ot . tue
greatest political onme iu our history,
by which the result of the presidential
election ot 1876 was .set aside aod re
versed, is general and overwhelming.
A voice We . know that you got
robbed. "" ' '
Mr. Tilden (exoitedly) I did not
get robbed- .The people got robbed.
Cheers. 1 had be I ore me ou one
-ide a course ot laborious services on
which health and evon life inisbt b
perilled, aud on the other a period of
relaxation aod ease, tint to the peo
pie it wis a robbery of the dearest
rights of American citjxeos. Ap
nlause aud cries ot 'That's so t' 'That's
so I' from the crowd,
Her sister states, continued wr,
Tilden. might afford to hive the voice
of New York frittered away or its ex
pression deferred, it could not Change
hiatorv: it could not slier the univer
sal judgment ot the civilized world ;
it could not avert me nigral retrtouuon
that is impending. But New York
herself can not afford to have her voice
unheard. The declaration of indepen
dence, the bills of riitht aod tho State
constitutions all contain assertions of
the right pf, the people to govern them
selves nod to change their rules at will.
These declarations had ceased to have
any meaning to the American mind.
They seemed to bo truisms which there
was nobody to dispute. The contests
known to us were contests between dif
ferent portions of our people. To eomt
nrehend the significance of these de
clarations it is necessary to curry our
selves back to the examples ot humuo
xperience in view of which our ances
tors acted, t iipy Had ?eeu tne govern
mental machine nada small govern
mental iclass, sometimes with the aid
ot tho navy, able to rule arbitrarily
over millions of unorganized, isolated
atoms of human society In forming
tho government of the United States
they endeavored to take every precau
tion against tho recurrence ot such
evils in this country.- They keptdown
thestandingnrmy to a nominal amount.
They intendad to limit the functions
ot the federal government, so as to pre
vent the erowth. to danKerous dimen
sions, of an office holding- class and of
corrupt influences. . The preserved the
tate governments as a counterpoise to
net as uenter-t ot opinion auu as organ
ized means of resistance to revolution
ary usurpation by the federal govern
ment. . Jefferson, the leader ot liberal
opinion, in his first inaugural, rocog-
tnzcd this theory. Hamilton, tne re
presentative of tho extreme conserva
tive sentiment, in tho Federalist, ex
pounded it with elaborate arguments,
Madison, the father of the constitution,
culorced these conclusions.
A voice How about the returning
board? '
Mr. TilJen There were no return
ing boards in those days. The people
elected their own President, and there
were no Louisiana and Florida re
turning boards to rob iheui ot their
rights. The increase of power in
the federal government during tbe
last twenty years, the creation of a vast
office-holding class, with its numerous
dependents, mid the growth ot - the
means of corrupt influence, have well
nii; It destroyed the balance of our com
plex system. It was my judgment in
j 870, that ptihlio opinion, demanding
achuueeot administration, needed to
embrace two-thirds ol the people at
the beginning ol the canvass, iu order
to cast a majority of votes at the elec
tion. If this teuden ;y is net arrested
its inevitable result will be the pranti-cu-l
destruction of our system. Let the
federal government grasp power over
tho crest coroorations of our country
and acquiro the means of addressing
their interests and their fears; let it
take jurisdiction of riots which it is
the duty of the State to suppress ; let
it find pretexts for increasing the army,
and soon tlioe in possession of the
government will have a power with
which no opposition can successfully
compete. Applause. Ihe experi
ence of France uuder the Third Napo
leon shows that with elective forms
aod universal suffrage, despotism can
be established and maintained. In the
canvass of 1876 the federal sorernment
embarked in the contest with unscru
pulous activity. A member ot the
cabioet was the head of a partisan com
tnittee. Apenta stood at the doors ol
the par offices to exact contributions
from official subordinates. Tbe whole
office-holding-class were made to ex
haust their power. Even the army,
for the first time, to the disgust of the
soldiers and uany of the officer, was
moved a boot the country as an elec
tioneering instrument All tnts was
done under the eve r f the beneficiary
of it, who was tnakinr the air vocal
with profeino of civil service reform,
to be bf-e-ua after he himself exhausted
all the immoral advantages of civil
scrvic abves. Pnhlie opinion, in
some States waa overborn by corrupt
influence and by fraud. Bat so stronr
m th desire for reform, that tbe
Democratic candidates feoeivod 4,300-
000 suffrages. This was a majority of
the popular vote of about oOO.OOU, ami ; .
of 1,250,000 of the white oitisens. It ''
was a vote 700,000 larger than General ' ;
Grant received in 1872, and 1,300,000 '
lante"r than he received in.l8bU For 1
all that tbe rightfully elected candi- :
dates of the Demoeratio party were ;
counted out and a great fraud , trl- .
uiAiphed, which the American people
have not eondonsd and will never eon-
done. " Prolonged applause and.
obeers. Yes, the crime will never be
condoned and it never should be. I do
cot denounce the fraud a affeoting mv
rmraonul interests, bat because , it
stabbed the very foundations ot free;,-,
government. Loud cheers. I swear ,
in the presence ot you alt, ana 1 can
upon you to bear witness to the oath, : '
to watch, during the remainder of my
life, over the riahts of the citizens of
our country with a jealous care.,. Such ;
a usurpation must never occur again ,,
and I call upon you to unite with me ' ,
in tne atiense oj our snorea ana pre-
cious inheritance. TI e government of '
the people must not be suffered to be- ) '
come only an empty name. Loud up- :
plause. The step from an extreme
degree of corrupt abuses in the eleo-,
tious to a suDvcrsiou oi tne elective
system itselt is natural, no sooner
was tne election over man tne wnoie
power ot the office-holding class, led '
hv a cabinet minister, was exerted to
procure, from the State canvassers of -
two States illegal ana irauuieni certi- ,
ficates, which were made a pretext tor ,
a taUe count of the electoral votes. To ,
euable these officers to exercise the-
immoral courage necessary to the parts :
assigned to them, and to relieve them .
from the timidity which God has im-. ,,
plant(,d in the .human bosom as a limit ,
to criminal audacity, detachments of .
the army were sent to afford them shel
ter. The expedients by which tho
votes of the electors ohosen by the
people of these, two States were reject
bcl, and the votes of the eleotors hav , ,
iog the illegal and fraudulent certifi
cates were counted, and the nwuaoe '
of usurpation by the presltientot the11
Seuateot dictatorial power over all tbe
questions in controversy, and the men
ace of the enforcement of his pretend
ed authority by the army and navy,th ,
terrorism ot the business classes, audj ,
the kindred measures by which the '
false count was consummated, are '
known, Tht result is the establish
ment of a precedent destructive of our
whole elective system. Applause. ; ,
Tbe tomptation to those in possession
ot the government to perpetuate their .
own nower bv similar methods will al-'
ways exist, and if the example shall be '"
sanctioned by eucoess, the . suecessioh ,
of government in this country will
come to be dutermined by fraud or .
force, as it has been in almost every
other country ; and tho experience will
be reproduced here whioh has led to.'
the goneral adoption of the hereditary,' :;
system in order to avoid confusion anil
civil war. . .
Tbe magnitude of a -political crime , ;
must be measured by its natural and
necessary oonsequence.' Our great re- '
public has been tbe only example in
the world ot a regular and orderly
transfer of governmental suoeession by J-
tho elective system'. To destroy the
habit of traditionary respect for the .,
will of the people, as declared through
the electoral tortus, and to exhibit our
institutions as a failure, is the greatest
possible wrong to our owo country. It
is also a heavy blow to the hopes of
patriots struggling to establish self
government iu other couutrics. It is .
a greater crime against mankind than
the usurpation of December 2,1851,
depicted by the illustrious pen of Vie- '
tor lingo. The American people will
not condone it under any pretext or
for any purpose. Cheers, Young;
men, in the order of nature wo who '
have guarded the sacred traditions of
our free government will soon leavo '
that work to you. Within the lite of
most v.-bo hear me our re pu olio will
embrace a hundred million ot people.
Whether its institutions shall be pre- ,
served in substance and in spirit aa
well as in barren forma, snd will con
tinue to be a blessing to the toiling
millions here and a good example to
mankind, now everywhere seeking a
largershara in tbe management of (heir
own affairs, will depend on yon. Will
yon accomplish that duty and mark,
these wrongdoers of 187G with the in
dignat.ion of a betrayed, wronged and
sacrificed people?
A voice You bet we will t Laugh-.
, .
I have oo personal 'feeliof, bat
thinking bow snioly that example wi'l ,
be followed if ecndoneJ, I can do do
better than to stand among you aod do
battle for thai taatnuBenreof free gov
ernment. I avail myscif of the nee,
aion to thaaV yon. aid to thank all in
oartp ad errantry whobave accord
ed to their snpport, vt rronl t
Bsyaela, but for the cm I have repre
.Jed. and which baa emhraeaH thm
hirjes nd holiest ir.fereara cf barr.ar
ity. fJContinvd arplanae j

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