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7. H. JTJLIAH, Editor. PUBLISHED EVKKY SATURDAY. CURRENT TOPICS. A syndicate of JmiWnt financiers in Europo havo proposed o loan the Stato of Louisiana $12,950,000, for which the State must call in and pay off hor pres ent debt at par with interest to date of retirement. The Stato must then issuo tho same amount of ' bonds to the syn dicate, bearing 6 per ceit. IntercBtj principal and interest made, payable in 45 years. Under this arrangement the State would be required to pay only about $550,000 per annum on account of principal and interest, instead of $800,000 now required to pay interest on Stato bonds. ,' It is believed, how ever, that this proposition can not under tho Constitution and present Stato laws be accepted. It is estimated, according to official advices received at tho Treasury De partment, that the yield of tho precious metals in Nevada and California will aggregate for the present calondar year $38,000,000 of gold and $27,000,000 of ailver,' as follows : Mines of the Corn stock Lode-silver, $20,000,000; gold, $17,000,000; rest of State of Nevada, $G,000,000 silver, $1,000,000 gold; Stato of California, $15,000,000 gold and $1, 000,000 silver. .' The bill introduced by Senator Wal lace to authorize a long bond for invest ment of savings, directs tlw Secretary of tho Treasury to issue in lieu of an equal amount of 4 per cent, bonds, au thorized by tho act of July 14. 1870, a sum not excooding $100,000,000 United States coupon bonds in denominations of $25, $50 and $100, in equal sums, each denomination redeemable in coin of tho present standard value after sixty years from datoof their issue, and bearing in terest' payrtblo semi-annually in such coin at a rate of 3C5-100 per cent, per annum. These bonds aro to bo exempt from all taxation. The romaindor of tho bill is as follows: " The Secretary of tho Treasury shall kcop said bonds for sale at tho different Sub-Treasuries f tho United States, and shall disposo of the same at par and ac crued interest for coin, or for United States legal-tender notes at tho rate at which tlioy may then stand in tho mar ket, and such legal-tender notes shall be reissued, but tho proceeds and coin received for such bonds shall he applied to the redemption of outstanding 5-20 bonds of the United States." The official returns of the Ohio elec tion shew tho following result on Gov ernor: Bishop, Democrat, 273,213; West, Republican, 249,031; Johnson, National Greenback, 1C.703; Bond, Workingmcn's party, 12,515; Thomp son, Temperance, 4,850; scattoring,183. Bishop's plurality over West, 24,182. The recommendation of Mr. Simon Cameron a3 Minister to England by the Pennsylvania Republican delegation is said to be the cause of no little embar rassment to the Administration. Presi dent Hayes, it is stated, having deter mined to appoint a Pennsylvanian to tho English mission, notified tho Repub lican delegation of that Stato of his pur pose, at tho samo time requesting tbcm to unite in recommending some one for tho place. They had a meeting and with singular unanimity agreed upon Simon Cameron as tho man to receive tho appointment. It was an open se cret that both President Hayes and Sec retary Kvarts favored the appointment of Mr. Woyno McVeigh, who it was thought would be acceptable to all par ties, whilo it was equally well known that Ex-Senator Cameron would not prove acceptable to tho heads of the Administration. Political circles seem to be about equally divided in opinion as to whether or no Mr. Cameron's namo will be sent in for confirmation. Senatoh Withers of Virginia has introduced a bill for the relief of own ers of property in the late Confederate States, which was sold under what is known as the " Confiscation act." The bill provides that the Government of the United States will pay to the former owners of iwh property the amount of money received for their land at the sale and receive in return a quit-claim convevancc of ownership, which title can be transferred to the purchaser. The Mexican question, U is stated, bas lately occupied the attention of the Cabinet, Governor Hubbard having made a formal appeal for Federal pro tection againt bonier raids. The Gov ernor in his communication gives in de tail the ieceive raids and the last failure of the Mexican authorities to sur render four criminals under the Extra dition treaty. The facto here given, it 1 ...Ll.-i M is stated, put the wnoie suDjeci, oi border difficulties on a new basis, and the Administration is inclined to regard it as constituting a new and very serious cause for action. The Senate Committee on Privileges and Elections havo agreed to make a thorough investigation of tho Louisiana nnsn.nn il have renuested Messrs. Spofford and Kellogg to present in writing tholr views as to tho scope ol tne investiga tion, which will Includo the question of the legality of the Legislature by which each claims to be elected. ,' The Commissioner of Patents has completed his annual statement of the business of his oflico during tho past year. Tho total receipts from October 1, 1870, to October 1, 1877, were $709, 044, and tho expenditures for tho same time $004,090, showing an excosss of re ceipts over expenditures of about $105,000. The number of patents ap plied for was 18.G29; , trade-inarks registered, 1,324 ; labels registered, 579. Tho number of patents allowed but not issued on account of failure to pay the final ; fee, owing, it is stated, to tho severity of Jthe times, was 4,271. Patents issued, 14,242; trade-marks and labels, 1,517. This is a reduction of about 10,000 jn the number of pat ents issued as compared with the pre vious year. No radical change in the patent system of the United States is at present contemplated. Returns from all tho counties in Iowa, except Lyon, in which the vote is very small, give Gear (Rep.), 121,207; Irish (Dem.), 79,134; Stubbs (Green back), 33,503; Jessup (Prohib.), 10, 437. Gear's majority over Irish, 42, 133. The Legislative returns show that tho Republicans will have a majority of 71 on joint ballot. The President on the 29th issued a proclamation designating Thursday, November 29th, as a day of National thanksgiving and prayer. The Chairmen of the principal House Committees are as follows : Ways and Means, Wood of New York; Appropri ations, Atkins of Tennessee; Judiciary, Knott of Kentucky; Banking and Cur rency, Buckner of Missouri ; Post-offices and Post-roads, AVaddell of North Caro lina; Elections, Harris of Virginia; Pa cific Railroads, Potter of New York; Claims.Bright of Tennessee ; Commerce, Reagan of Texas; Public Lands, Mor rison of Illinois; Public Expenditures, Hatcher of Missouri; Military, Banning of Ohio ; Indian Affairs, Scales of North Carolina; Naval Affairs, Whitthorne of Tennessee ; Territories, Franklin of Mis souri ; Railways and Canals, Schleicher of Texas. PERSONAL AND POLITICAL. Senor Mata, Diaz's representative at Washington, hiv gone homo, having been unable to secure the recognition of the Diaz Government. Dr. John Poisai., Chaplain of the House of Representatives, was once a shoo makcr, and studied theology while working on his bench. Jf DHE Kei-LEY is the senior Republi can and Speaker Kandall the senior Demo crat in the House both from Pennsylvania. Pkof. Todd, of Tabor College, Iowa, pronounces the Colorado "petrified man" to be a fraud in fact, a twin brother of the Cardiff Kiant, chiseled out of stone, with the evident purpose of " chiseling" a credulous public George L. Fox, the well known pan tomimic actor, died on tho 24th at Cam bridge, Mass. (Ji:een Pomare, of tho Society Is lands, is dead, and her oldest son, Araianc, has been proclaimed King. Gen. Gkant arrived at Paris from London on the 24th, and was received at the railway station by Minister Xoyes and oth ers of his countrymen, together with several French olllcials. The wife of Wm C. Gilman, the con victed New York forger, has become insane and is now an inmate of an asylum. (iil man has been transferred from Siug Sing to Auburn Prison. Sami el J. Tti.DES arrived home from Kurope on the i'lth. His friends in Sew York gave liiin a cordial reception. Gen. Grant was received by Marshal and Madame McMahon on the 2.th. The latter acted as Interpreter between her hus band and their punt. Du. William E. Minsev, a noted her of Joneslioro. Tenn., died sudden- ; ly on the 2.TJ, while on his knees by the bed side, engaged In prayer. ! Senator Blaine's daughter Alice, agvd l while playfully handling a loaded ' revolver a few days ago, was accidentally : sh.it, the ball striking between ner eyes anu pacing upward. The wound was not con- sidered fatal, but came very close to be . Ing so. Senator Morton was reported sink ing on the h, and hi phyicians had given up all hope of hi recovery. Edwin Ada, the well known actor, died at Philadelphia on the th. He was . bora at Medfnrd, Ms b. 3, 1SU, and , made his Brst ar pearsnoe on the stage in I Bortoa in In'CL j Hon. Sobieki Ko$s, ex-Memlier of i Congress from the Sixteenth Pennsylvania District, committed suicide by shooting on the 24th ult. at his home near Condersport. Ho had been In ill health for some months and was very despondent. Gen. Bedford Forrest, tne iamous rnnfflrinrntn mvnlrv ofllcer. died at the resi dence of his brother in Memphis, on the 2th ult. Minister Noyes gave a grand dinner and reception in honor of ex-Prcsidont Grant, at Paris, on tho evening of tho 2Mb. TELEGRAPHIC NOTES. The Manchester Savings Bank of Al legheny City, Pa., has been forced to suspend on account of the determined run of de positors since tho failuro of the Allegheny Savings Bank. Ttie ofilccrs assure depositors that thoir occounts will ultimately bo paid In full. Wood's Museum, Chicago, was par tially destroyed by fire on the morning of the 23d. All the living animals on exhibi tion were suffocated. Tho theater portion was leased to Tony Denier and was entirely burned out. Total loss about $50000, most ly insured. G. W. Alexander and John W. Car rlngton, Jr., both Chicago real-estate deal ers and speculators, went Into bankruptcy on the 23d. Alexander owes $278,000; Cari' rington, $160,000. Assets of each nominal. The tow-boat Grand Lake, on the night of the 21st, when about 11 miles south of St. Louis ran down two small boats con taining a party of emigrants on their way down the river. Mrs. Mary Crowley, wife of James Crowley, his brother Martin, aged 13, and two small children were drowned. Tho others of the party escaped. ' Twogood & Elliott's private banking houso at Morion, Iowa, has suspended with liabilities amounting to $150,000. Assets not known. The transfer of the Sioux from Red Cloud Agency to the vicinity of the Missouri Itiver was begun on tho 25th. The march will probably occupy a month. Two com panies of tho Third Cavulry perform escort duty. In the two-and-a-half-mile race at Baltimore on the 24th, Ten Broeck.tho favor ite, was beaten by Pierre Lorillard's Parole, Tom Ochiltree coming in third. Time, 4:37 3-4. Poolsold on Ten Broeck at $1,200, to $400 on Ochiltree and $335 on Parole. The fuvorito was In bad condition, and elenrly unfit for the race. A horrible double murdor, committed doubtless for the sake of robbery, occurred about six miles north of Cincinnati, on the Clrcleville pike, on tho night of the 20th The victims wore Edward McVcy and wife, aged about 70 y.cars each, and they kept the toll-gate at that place. The only other occupant of the house was a girl named Alice Dean, aged 15. Sho was awakened by the firing of pistol-shots in tho adjoining room, occupied by the old folks, and was so badly frightened that she got up and crawled under her bed. 'Whilo lying there, shivering with terror, a man came into her room and searched through tho bureau drawers, but went away without having dis covered her. After all had becomo quiet she Jumped but of tho 'window, ran to a neighbor's and gave the alarm. Several persons ' hastened to the toll-gate, and upon entering the house found the old man lying upon tho floor with a bullet through his head, and tho old lady partially reclining in a chair, shot in two places. Both were dead. The murderers had attempted to cover up their crime by burning the house, but tho bedding which they ignited did not burn. Rewards aggre gating $2,500 were offered for the arrest of the murderers, and several suspicious par tics were taken up for examination. Twohundred and fifty lives were lost by reason of the explosion in the High Ulan tyre colliery, New Glasgow, Scotland. Grove Kennedy, a notorious Ken tucky outlaw, was captured by Marshal Hunter and a posse of 12 men. near Bards town on the 27th. Wesley Geyer, a suspected horse thief and bad man generally.'.was warned by his neighbors at Greenville, Darke County, O., to leave thetown.aud failing to do so, he was called from bis house on tho night of the 24th by a party of masked men and rid dled with bullets. Geycr had been for 20 years a resident of the town, was a property owner, and had a wife and seven children. Francis Robinson, known as Mile. Seville, of Emerson's Minstrels, killed him self at Ingersoll, Ontario, on the 2(lth. Five new cases of yellow fever at Fer nandina, Fla., were reported on the 20th, and weather very unfavorable. Eight hun dred families were receiving charitable as- sistance. Ten Broeck won the four-mile race at Baltimore on the 20th, his competitors being Ambush, Barricade and Algerino. Time, 7:41 1-2, 7:40. The American masons recently im- ! ported to London have Joined the strike of their Knglii-h brethren. A telegram from Havana, 20th, says that Don Thomas Estrada, President of the Cuban Republic, together with the Secre ' tary and several other members of the Cuban Chambers, have been taken prisoners by the Spanish troops. I The Missouri Supreme Court has overruled the decision of the Circuit Court, I by which the Hannibal and St. Joseph Kail ! road was placed In the hands of a receiver, I and the regular officers of the road have been reinstated. i - WAR XEWS. Russia has ordered the mobilizing of ; all Cossacks not yet In active service. These will amount to 01 regiments. The Turkish . lows in the late battle at Aladja Dagh are now placed at 1S.OO0 men and 40 pins. A tdi-patch from Eneroum, S!d, says that 1 Mukhtar Paha occupies a strong and se ! cure position at Yienikai, west of Soghanln Parb. A Russian official dispatch of the 25th 'claims aa important victory by Gen Gourkho's detachment, co-operating with a portion of the Imperial uuaru, ooiween nnmil.Dnbnik and Tellche. A number of Turkish officers, about 8,000 infantry and a wholo, reglmont of cavalry were captured. . The Turkish reports, M-hiin Brlinltflnn that the Russians secured some advantages, claim that the attack on Toliche was repulsod. Sulolman Pasha also etiilmsto have repulsed an attaeK by laitus- gian battalions on Kustchuk. Dispatches of the 27th state that Er zeroum is preparing for a siege. The in linhituiits are arming and relnforeemonts are hastening from Trcblzond. Tt was renorted on the 2stn mat is- mnil Pasha had effected ft junction with Mukhtar Pasha, and that the army was con centrated In a strong position ut ii.oprih.oi, where u great battle was Imminent. A dispatch via St. Petersburg, utn, ... i I.., i f says: Kars is conipioieiyiuvcsieu,iiiiuui;ii. Tergukasoffhas occupied Boyazid. On Sun day the Russians carried a Turkish position west of Plevna, capturing one Pasha, several ofliccrs and seven companies ol soiuiers. MnWhtnr Pasha teleirranhed on Saturday that tho Russians were encamped within three hours' march of his headquarters. FORTY-FIFTH CONGRESS. The Senate hold a brief session on the 23d, at which Souator Wallace Introduced a bill to authorizo a Government bond for investment of savings, to pay 3.U3 per cent, interest; Sir. IiiKiills, a bill to enable Indians to becomo citizens of tho United States; also, a bill eqnulizinK bounties. Adjourned till lliurs day House not in session. The Senate was not In session on the 24th. In tho House the Colorado contested election case was argued nt length by Mr. Harrison for tho Democratic and Mr. Uarilold for the Republican contestant. In the Senate, on the 25th, Senator Mitchell submitted a resolution authorizing tho Com mittee on Privileges and Kleetions, in tho caso of Kellogg and Spofford, claiming a sent from l'xmisiunu, to send for persons mid pa pers mid to administer oaths, that the com mittee may decide upon the merit of tho title of each contestant. A numbor of unimpor tant bills were introduced. Adjourned till . 1 T H.o Tliinea Aft M ! lid flf 'IVvilH spoke on the Colorado caso. He held that neither JSelford nor Patterson presented a prima farit cuso, and that tho seat should bo tieeuireu vacant. Thrn wns nn session of the Senate on tho 2flth Tho House, ponding tho announce ment of tho Standing Committees, transacted no business of interest. There was no session of either houso on the 27th. In the Senate, on the 20th, bills were in troduced: by Sonivtor Matthews To nmend thollankruptact; by Senator Hereford To provide for tho coinnge of silver dollars nnd making them a legal tender; by senator Saunders To establish tho Territory ot Lincoln; bv Mr. tinrland To provide for paying liinll contractors in tho South ern States before tlio rebellion ; and oth ers. A number of nppointmeuts were confirmed in executive session In the. House, under the Monday call of States, &'0 bills were introduced, among them the following: by Mr. Hewitt Providing tor the appointment of Commissioners to the Paris Exhibition; bv Mr. Cox For tho re moval of all politicU liabilities; by Mr. Scales To refund direct taxes collected in the insurrectionary States; iiIho, to refund all special taxes paid by distillers of fruit; ly Mr. Gibson To improve tho navigation of the Mississippi; by Mr. Glover Resolutions of the Missouri Legislature for the repeal of the itankruptev law, removal of tho National Canitul, and uid to the Southern Pneillo Hail road, etc.; b ' Mr. Clark Appropriating SI, (HiO.' UU to deepen the Missouri Itiver; by Sir. Dan-all Appropriating ;),0O0,000 for levees of the Mississippi Hiver; also, to relieve the Louisiana and Texas Itailroud from cer tain conditions requiring it to be a free high way for the use of tho United States; by Mr. Ittiier For the reorganization of tho army; by Mr. Wells-To reimburse the State ot Texas for money expended by that Stato for defense of the lronticrs; also to repeal the act exempting deposits in the savings banks from taxation; by Mr. riiillips To reimburse the State of Ivansus for expenses incurred in repressing tlie rebellion nnd Indian hostilities; by Mr. Cannon Forthc admission of Utah as a state ; by Mr. Kidder Fertile admission of Dakota as a State; also, establishing a land dis trict in tho Black Hills; also, to organize the Territory of Pembina. Additional bills for the coinage of silver dollars, and milking it legal tender were introduced by Messrs. Illuming, Kwing, Jones, Ifright, Hunter, linker, Sparks, Morrison, Kiuipp, Fort, island, Culberson, Cummings, Oliver, Phillips, Wilson and others. Additional bills to repeal the resumption net in wholo or in part were introduced by Messrs. Southard, Durham, Bright, House, Cobb, Baker, Mor- Ilubbel, Culberson and others. Additional bills tor tho renei 01 nmwro-nnifra lntrouuceu uy jiussr. muivuifiro, ........ Whittehorn, House, Ilibrell, Clark. Hatcher und others. Tho Speaker at a lato hour an nounced the Standing Committees, lifter ..... u.l I .111 11'...l.....l...r WHICH tne iiousu uujmn uwu mi i uviiivwmj. Carlyle on the Book of Job. I call the Book of Job. apart from atl theories about it, one of the grandest things ever written with a pen. One feels, indeed, as if it were not Hebrew such a noblo universality, different from noble patriotism or sectarianism, reigns in it. A noble book! All men's book! It is our first, oldest statement of tho never-ending problem man's destiny and God's ways with him here on earth. And all in such free, flowing outlines; grand in its simplicity, and its epic mel ody, and repose of reconcilement. There is the seeing eye, the mildly understand ing heart. So true every way; true eyesight and vision for all thing3 no less than spiritual; the horse "bast thou clothed his neck with thunder?" he laughs at the shaking of the spear. Such livinglikenesses were never since drawn. Sublime reconciliation; oldest choral melodv as of the heart of mankind ; so j soft and great as the summer night, as the world with its seas ana stars.' i nere is nothing written, I think, in the Bible or out of it, of equal literary merit. To Make Chocolate. Take 1 ounce of chocolate, scrape it, and boil it about H :..,. in I nint ef Vltpf! vhpn .11 111 lAt.J . t. X j'lu - , smaoth, add a pint of new milk ; let it ! boil, stirring it well, or mill it with the j stick or mill, which, passing through the lid of the pot, may be worked quick ' ly with both hands, so as to give a fine j froth to the chocolate. HERE AND THERE. The San Francisco Alta estimates that the drought has cost California $20,000,000.; A woman ia Wareham, Mass.. beine distrustful of savings banks, has hidden away in her house 800 silver half dimes, the result of many years of saving. the' has two bank accounts, but says she keeps a reserve in case of the banks' failure. A man whoso manner did not indicate insanity ordered a steak in a Sacramento restaurant. He deliberately cut oil a- piece of the meat, four inches by two in size, and tried to swallow it whole. It stuck in his throat and choked him to death. ' " ... . Atlanta's offer to Georgia is, if she is selected as tho permanent capital, to give the State any ten acres ot unoccu pied ground in or near the city,, or the City Hall lot of five acres in the heart of the city, and to build a Capitol as hne as the one at Milledgeville. Thomas T. Tkentis, United States Consul to the Seychelle Islands, made Miss Thaver. of Waitsfield, Vt., believe- for six years that he intended to marry her. Recently he returned to w aitsneia with a wife and two children. Miss- Thayer has brought a suit for damages. It is said, in an articlo in uarper s' Monthly, by a writer who has lived ten years in Alaska, that the land there is- worthless, and the seal fisheries iiKeiy to soon bo exhausted. There are, ac cording to this authority, only 100 white persons in the country. If you belong to the "tonies," you must cive no note naner, and use large- elegant cards, about four inches by three. You are at liberty to write on both sides of the card-board. The- envelope fits closely over the card, and has a monogram in color on the back. The Davenport Democrat says an other outrageous swindle is working its way into Iowa. The plan is to give a . farmer 50 rods of new fence, if he will put it up along the road where it will be seen and serve as an advertisement,, get him to sign an order, etc. Thus far the dramatic season throughout tho country has been finan- -eiallv bad. Out of 40 traveling com panies that started from New York in. September, tho Sun says that seven have already collapsed, while many more are struggling along on the verge- of going to pieces, and very few ot them, are doing well. It is related of a young man en gaged temporarily to act as private sec retary to a certain railroad official in Pittsburg, that he made a special effort to be early the first morning, reaching tho office at 7 o'clock. ' To. his surprise he found his chief there, about to light his second cigar, having finished his mail and read the morning papers. " Well, vounsrman." said Mr. , "I'd:. like to know where you have been spend ing the forenoon P" A secret drawer in an old bureau in New Orleans was found to contain an explosive machine, intended to demol ish any body, but the owner attempted an oponing. Age had destroyed the effectiveness of the device, however, so that when the drawer "was pulled out. there was no explosion. The contents consisted of old papers, of no value or interest, and it is supposed that the ar rangement was a result of somebody's insanity. Fernandina, Florida, i has a large ea-bull, Manatee, or Lamantin. It was captured near St. Lucie, en Indian Riv er, is 10 feet in length, and is estimated to weigh about 1,000 pounds. The Manatee, or sea-cow, once numerous in South Florida, is now comparatively a rare animal. Its food consists of ma rine plants and algas. They are mam mals, and the females show great affec tion for their calves. The Manatee is perfectly gentle, and submits quietly to the handling of his keeper. An ingenious use of carrier-pigeons is on record. They were employed in Belgium to smuggle tobacco into France. Each bird carried from ten to fifteen grammes of the weed, and two dozen pigeons per day were regularly dis natched. How lontr the new industry j had been established is not stated ; but i one day it came to grief. A bird was j too heavily loaded, and he dropped with his burden, exhausted, into the seine. A police inquiry resulted, and the whole business was exposed. Where there are reasons to suspect that watc la contaminated by sewage impurities a convenient test, known as the sugar test," may be applied. A half pint of the water should be placed in a clear, colorless, glass-stoppered bottle. Put in a few grains of the best white lump-sugar, and expose the bottle to the daylight in the window of a warm room. II the w.yer Is pure it should not become turbid even after a week's exposure. If it becomes ciouuy anu turbid there b reason to believe yo j suspicions are correct.