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San Marcos free press. (San Marcos, Tex.) 1877-1892, November 24, 1877, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86088181/1877-11-24/ed-1/seq-6/

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The Story. '
" "" ,','
Tlioy met each other in tlio ifludo
hiiu Hfteii up iiernyei;
Aluck tlio (Jay ! uluck tliu nmld I
hho IiIuhIk'4 with Hwltt mirprixo.
Mux ! iilim f tlio woe that come from tilting up
tlioeyea. '
The pull won full, tlm path wuh stoop
He readied to nor his linnd L
Slio felt lior wiirm young pulnos leap,
Hut did not uuderetiuid.
.Aliwl uliut tlio moo tluit comes from clasping
huud with limid. -
bhomitbCKldoJilmintliowooil ,
ilo wooed KiMi words and Hlglm;
Ah love in Spring hooiiih Hwoot and good.
And maidens nro notwlso. , :
Aiun! Klnitl tlio woo thnt comes from listing
luvor'a sighs. . I .
Tlio Suinmor-Hiin hIioiio fnlrly down,
Tlio wind blow from tli Bout'n ;
As IMtie eyes ffuzod in eyes of brawn,
Klii l:Un foil on her mouth.
Alus? Idas I tlio won (lint comes from kisses
on tho mouth.
' ' '.
And now tho Autunm-tlino is near '
The lover rows away;
With breaking heart und falling tour,
81m lt tlio llvolong day.
Alas! iilns! for breaking hearU when lovers
rovo away.
. Ella Wheeler, in the Chicago Tribune.
Tlio Corn Harvest. ,
The loml trilled songs of birds begin to fall,
JliMlied are tho aurolings lit ovo mid morn ;
Through thustftl afe'tho downs of tlilstlos Bull,
While wraiths of bloom on autumn breezes
, ' borno. 1
Tho forest slowly gutfior rlohor huo,
And the far distance volls ItHelf in bluo.
The miiilo glows a gold and scarlet flame,
Tho beeches redden in tho warm, rich sun;
Some jwtiar us tumlor green as when spriug
, came,
Or In ru to sober rtissot and to dun.
The slreums-tlow ouwurd, thick with dcu
leaves strewn,
And nil thelroddios iniiko a plaintive tune.
In tlio deep woods, whero dropping nuts nro
heard,
And golden pawpaws shlno from leafy floor ;
Wlieiu tho luished spaco U waked by scarce
a bird,
The squirrel gather in his winter's store;
While sad leaf lnuttorings overhead
hound like a requiem o'er summer dead.
Where curls tho quiet smoko nbovo his homo,
The Inrmor idly puffs his ousolul pipe,
Or by. hi clder-4iilll, whero Into bees come,
lie Walclics tho Juice oozing, amber j-ipo.
Jiegirt by plenty, ho hath little fear
Of bleak Decembor dully drawing nour.
His latest harvest o'er, bo smites content
Behold, across the fields, in ordor'd line,
.Like a groat host camped with many u tont,
Jn bright array tho yellow corn-stacks
shlno. ...
Sweet to his eye tho sight of labor's spoil,
Sweet, too, tlio rest tliul eoineth after toll.
When life's Into sun is sinking wan and low,
Our autumn como, when wo can work no
more, ,
-Smoother tho dying stream of life would llow
Could we with huppy eyes tho past explore,
And in its dim fields, hali-forgotton, ilnd,
Jtrlght, gloaming harvests of tho hand or
intid.
Then would tho ebbing pulso of llfo grow
sweet,
Mkc this lato sun that smiles so fair and
. fiitnt;..t
Thou wo the sivlft approaching doom could
'meet '
Without regret, or four, or weak complaint;
i,ie tho brown loaves that down tho cur
rents stray,
On the (lark stream of silonco float away.
Will. Forsyth, in the Indianajiulit Herald.
DEATH IN THE PIT.
The Hurrlhle Disaster nt tho High IJInii
tyra Colliery, Sculllliid, by Which U30
Lives were Lost.
Krom tliu London Telegraph, Oct. S3.
Tho little colliery village of High
ltluutyre, near Hamilton, to-day was
tho scene of a most tcrriblo colliery dis
aster. l!y this catastrophes, unparalleled
in the, history of Scotch mining, it is
rock ivied thnt fully 200 lives have been
lost, though tho number who have por
ished can only bo approximately deter
mined. , This morning about 0 o'clock
the -men employed at Messrs. Dixon's
.collieries, High Blantyre, departed to
their usual work, 12(i men descending
tho shaft of tho pit known as No. 2,
while 107 entered pit No. 3. Statutory
communication exists between these
pits, and it seems that before tho disas
ter occurred a jiumber of men were en
gaged removing stoops in tho splint of
the lower seam of No. 2 pit. This op
eration is always regarded us hazardous,
nnd it smears that, with culpable and
almost inexplicable recklessness, the t
hands employed lo-iay uiaue use oi
naked lamps. While tho men
wvie engaged in blasting in j
the splint of No. 2 pit, about 9 o'clock, .
an appalling explosion of fire-damp oc
eurred, which spent itself in tho shaft (
of No. 3 pit. Tho explosion was at-;
tended by a sound resembling the loud- .
est thunder, flames burst forth at the j
heaJ of the shaft of No. 3, and dense j
volume of smoko rolled up from the'
entran-e Xm pit No. 2. Fragment ol ,
coal and timber and clouds of dust were j
then scattered around the heads of the
Mi:.t'., l.irge quantities of debris being
shot for a great height into the air. j
The deafening sound of the explosion
immediately attracted a large crowd to
the seen vf the calamity, and with all
jHisilile t-Xrity relief gang were or-
gani.-od, and evciy eiTort was made to
re-i'.ore ventilation to the mine. An :
hoo-r, however, elap.-cd before air could ,'
n in Le admitted to the pits, and all
efforts to descend the shaft of No. S
were found to be Impracticable. Four
men then strevo to ontor No. 2 pit, but
were unable to proceed along the splint
seam from tho .damp, and after per
severing at the imminent risk of their
lives, wero brought up in a fainting con
dition to tho surface, ono of them,
named Thomas J.aidlaw, being, it is
feared, very seriously injured. Not
withstanding this, however,
ANOTHER RELIEK OANO
was immediately formed, and the now
party of volunteers, after advancing a
short way from tho lootoi tne snan,
found the bodies of six mon, dreadfully
charred and disfigured, which wero at
once drawn up to the bank. Although
a constant stream of water was poured
down the shaft that the rcsorvo party
might be in a measure relieved from the
noxious effects of tho damp, tho new re
lief gang wore finally forced to desist
from their perilous mission, anu so so
riously wore several of thorn affected
by the deadly atmosphere wnicn tney
had been inhaling that they had, on re
turning to the surface, to be covered
with earth to free them from tho influ
ence of tho choke-damp. Fresh bands
of volunteers at once took up the task
of exploring the workings, and several
other bodies, mostly mutilated boyond
recognition, wore recovered. The cloud
of smoke which at first floated over the
scene of the catastrophe cleared away,
and as the nows of tho disaster spread
like wildfire through the surrounding
districts a vast concourse gathered
round the pit-heads, the wives and chil
dren of the men who wore in the pits
exhibiting heartrending emotion. Very
faint hopes are entertained that any of
tho men in tho pits have escaped, and
tho choke-damp was at first so strong
that it is feared that all tho 233 men
who descended the shafts in tho morn
ing must have perished.
ADDITIONAL PARTICULARS.
Further details respecting the explo
sion at Blantyro make it only too sadly
evident that tho disaster is by far the
most terrible that has over occurred in
tho annals of Scotch mining, and has
been scarcely less fatal to human life
than tho worst catastrophes of that kind
that have happened in England. The
colliery which was the scene of the ex
plosion is situated not far from the left
bank of tho Clyde, about three miles
from Hamilton, and perhaps ton from
Glasgow. Tho mine has been regarded
in the district as one of the best venti
lated and safest, and it is only dne to its
owners to state that the unsolicited tes
timony of colliers who have worked in
tho pit from tho time it was sunk is that
no scientific appliance for securing
thorough ventilation and general good
working condition has boon omitted.
ACCIDENTS FROM FIRE-DAMP
have b en extremely rare and trivial in
tho Hamilton coal-field, and so great
has been tho confidence engendered by
this stale of matters that naked lights
as well as Davy lamps have been in reg
ular use in this as in other collieries in
the neighborhood. At present, since
there, can only bo conjecture concerning
tho cause of the fearful disaster of this
morning, it is impossible to say whether
It has been brought about by tho pres
ence of naked lights in the workings.
In accordance with the usual practice
at coal mines it has been customary to
send a man down tho High Blantyro
Colliery before work is commenced
every morning in order to see that all is
safe, and there is no doubt that tho in
spection was made as usual this morning
by tho foreman, and ho returned with
the report that every thing was in good
order. Tho ' miners accordingly de
scended to their work about C a. m., 108
men and boys going down by No. 2
shaft and 123 by No. 3. Work was be
ing chiefly carried on in tho southwest
portion of tho mine in tho vicinity of
No. 2 shaft. At that point the miners
were " working backward," as it is
termed, in the splint coal seam, and
taking out tho " stoops" as they ad
vanced. All went on as usual till about
9 o'clock, when those who wero about
the mouths of the shaft wero 6tartled
by hearing rumbling sounds, as of thun
der, below, and almost immediately af
terwards A VOLUME OK FLAME
shot up the up-cast, instautly destroying
the pit-head frame and knocking th j
.ide of the shaft itself to pieces. Several
persons who were at the pit -head at the
moment, among them Mr. Watson, the j
manager, were badly hurt. At the same ,
time dense smoke was seen to be rising j
from No. 2 shaft, and it became pain
fully evident that a serious explosion of ;
some kind had occurred in the work- ;
ing, although, of course, the full extent
of the disaster was not yet realized. In
a very short time a dense crowd had
gathered on the pit hill, including hun
dreds of women from the neighboring
village, in a state of wild excitement
anj anxiety as to the fate of their bus
ba u'.-s lathers, brothers sons, who were
down in the workings. Colliers ana
viewers from . the neighboring mines
soon gathered round also, and, with the
least possible delay, exploring parties
were formed. It was found to be utter
ly impossible to descend No. S shaft,
which Was choked with shattered tim
bers and debris of all kinds, so the first
gang descondod the down-cast, up which
smoke was still rising. Bofore thoy
went down, however, the cage hadbeon
drawn up, and fifteen minors who had
been working in what is known as the
north face" the side of the facings
opposite to that whore tho stoops were
being taken out were brought up.most
ly uninjured. The effect of the oxplosion
had not been felt in that quarter and
they had only boon alarmed by tho sound
of it, and had at once hastened to the
foot of the shaft. '. Tho exploring party
made their way for some distance into
the splint coal working on the southwest
face, where they at once porceived that
the explosion had occurred; but their
progress was soon
ARRESTED BY CHOKE-DAMP,
and they had to withdraw, some of them
being drawn up insensible. There was
no lack of volunteers, however, to con
tinue the gallant effort to save life. Ere
long nnother party descended, and in
the course of a few minutes they had
brought six bodies to the surface. All
these bore terrible traces of burning,
and the condition in which they were
found boded ill for tho prospect of any
more mon being discovered alive in that
part of the workings. For more than
an hour attempts wero prosecuted to
ponotrato tho workings at this point,
but at every descent the rescue parties
found tho fatal choke-damp gaining
ground, until at lost it met there at the
foot of tho shaft, and then began to
ascend. ; Finally, however, it was found
necessary to close the shaft and to give
up all hope of saving the people in that
direction. A few more maybe saved,
but at least 20G, it is dreaded, arolost.
THE TERROR AND AGONY
exhibited amongst the wives and chil
dren of the imprisoned miners were of
the most heartrending character. . Ef
forts were made to' restoro communica
tion with those below, and at length
these were so far successful that one
man was brought up alive to the sur
face. This survivor, who escaped from
No. 2 pit, stated that he was working at
the face when he heard an explosion.
Not, however, suspecting any thing un
usual, he made, his way leisurely to the
bottom, when the sight of dead bodies
all around opened his eyes to the ap
palling extent of tho catastrophe.
Every effort was made to restore the
ventilation which the explosion had
stagnated, but more than an hour elaps
ed before a current of air would llow as
it should do from No. 3 pit along to
No. 2.
Six several times the reserves return
ed at great risk to themselves, and on
each occasion they managed to bring
up a dead body, each of which was
dreadfully burned and mutilated.
THE CHOKE-DAMP
eventually became so bad that they were
forced to desist. Some of the party in
deed very narrowly escaped, and so
overcome were they all that they had to
bo covered with earth to free them from
the choke-damp before they recovered
full consciousness. To promote a cur
rent of air.streams of water were poured
down the shafts, but along time elapsed
before there was much improvement in
the atmosphere below. The bodies that
were recovered were terribly scorched
and blackened, and the mn who went
down stated that there was every ap
pearance of the explosion having been
so tcrriblo as to justify tho worst fears.
Dead bodies were strewn about and
every thing was a mass of confusion.
Joseph Gilmour, the hoursman of pit
No. 2, was found dead near the engine
at the bottom of tho shaft. The work
of exploration was vigorously prose
cuted, and up till 3 :30 o'clock in the
afternoon three more bodies wero re
covered. They were brought up by the
No. 2 shaft, near to tho bottom of which
thev had been seen lvin. Tho bodies
were those of young lads aged from 12
to 14, and they presented a shocking
sight when brought to the surface. They
were literally incased in mud ; the faces
were all blackened and charred. Two
of them, named Boltou and Henry,
were pony drivers, and they were
found lying beside their dead charges.
The third lad was identified as a son of
of a man named Gilmour, whose corpse
was removed from the same pit at an
earlier hour.
LATER NO IIOrE.
In spite of the great exertions made
by large bodies of willing workers the
men imprisoned in No. 3 pit have not
yet been reached, and there is not the
slightest hope of their being got at for a
considerable time. Although their fore
knockings and shoutings were in the af
ternoon heard from below, it is not ex
pected that a single man in that pit of
the l'j" mi-TS who entered it in the
morning can be got out alive. From
No. 2 pit 20 of the 120 miners empioycu
in it have been saved, but all the rest
have perished, so that altogether up
wards of 200 men and boys have met their
death. As already mentioned, 13 dead
bodies have been taken to the surface,
and further explorations reveal a fearful
spectacle at the bottom of tho shaft.
No fewer than 40 corpses still lie thoro,
strewn in all direction within a short
spaco, burned and mutilated beyond
recognition. It was doomed advisable
not to take these bodies to the pit-head,
although that might have been done,
but rather to continuo the exertions be
ing made to roach No. 8 pit.
The feeling produced over the coun
try by the terrible catastrophe can
hardly be imagined. Soon after the ac
cident occurred tho news had spread
over the wholo of Scotland, but from the
very dostructiveness of its character in
the loss of life it was noi creuueu.
Thousands of people crowded to the
scene of the explosion during the day,
arid those who were ooservers oi me
frantic rrrief displayed by the widows
and families of tho miners will not soon
forgot it. There is scarcely a household
in Blantyre in which there is not the
deepest mourning for lost relatives, and
the keenest svmpathy is felt all over the
country for the bereaved.
Oh, Ye Tears."
Here is a storv illustrative of the fact
that, tfinrs are a powerful Weapon in tho
hands of a matrimonially inclined
modern Niobe :
Thoro was a Southern merchant, a
handsome, dashing fellow, who
astonished all his relatives a few years
ago by marrying a very plain girl, the
aistor of his business partner. The mar
riage has turned over reasonably happy,
but it has always remained a mystery to
the society belles, who were ready to fall
into his arms at a word. It was tears
rand not "idle tears") that trapped
him. One evening he called at his part
ner's house and found only the young
lady at home. Very artfully she led the
conversation to her own atlairs, ana
told him that she was a perfect slave to
hersister.tyrannized over and ill-treated,
and that life had become sucn a Duruen
to her that she should rid herself of it
unless she could chango her home. The
visitor tried to comfort her, but in vain.
Marriage was very far from his thoughts
then, and he had no love to give any
where. Niobe's tears fell faster and
faster, and at last they came in an hys
terical torrent. His ejaculations ot
sympathy were in vain, when she cried:
' Oh, whero shall I go? who will oner
me a homeP" . " I would, if I dared of
fer it, poor girl," said the male victim,
and quick as lightning came the re
sponse: "What would my sister say
if you married me?" What could the
man do under such circumstances? A
tolerably fair face was lying on his
bosom, a pair of grateful, loving eyes
she did love him dearly were looking
up into his own, and a delicate little
hand had sought and found his. He did
what anv disengaged gentleman would
have been likely to do, pressed his suit,
secured her unreluctant consent, in
formed her sister of it, married her, and
did his best to make her happy. She,
in her turn, made him a good wife. .Lit
tle by little he discovered her stratagem
but he never told his wife of it.
Couldn't Leave the Dog.
"Yesterday, a poverty-stricken family,
consisting of a man, wife, andthreo
children, applied at the office of Mayor
Moore for passage to Jackson County,
Indiana. They had footed it from
North Carolina. All were in tatters,
from head to foot. When the chief of
the family walked into the office the
mud "sqashed" between his bare toes.
A good deal of sympathy was manifest
ed over the hard lot of the unfortunates,
and Clerk DeBcck proceeded with alac
rity to fix them out with railroad passes.
"Thank you," said the stranger. "God
bless you for your kindness ; but how
about the dog?" "Oh, a dog!" ex
claimed Mr. DeBeck. "Have you a
dog in the party?" And then he pro
ceeded to explain that it would be im
possible to grant a pass for the dog, as
they wouldn't admit him aboard the
train, and advised that the dog be left
behind. The stranger called up from
the midst of the waiting family a gaunt,
sore-footed hound. He hesitated a while,
and then went over and held a consulta
tion with his wife. He came back to
the counter and remarked, "I guess I
will walk," and the sorry party, includ
ing the dog, took its way out of the build
ing. The incident was quite amusing,
while there was something of homely
tenderness in it that the faithful fel
low, who had followed his friends so far,
was not deserted in the hour of tempta
tion. Cincinnati Commercial.
Teai sie fires in Iowa are doing a good
dcil of damage.
What it Should Cost a Woman to
The following extract from Jennie
June's New York fashion letter to the
Louisville Courier-Journal will bo found
especially interesting to those imp,
cunious young mon who are contom
plating matrimony the coming season:
An indignant individual of the male
persuasion addressed to me recently
what he evidently considered a highly
sarcastic letter on tho score of a remark
In one of my lottors, to tho effect that
the majority of women naa not more
than from two hundred and fifty to five
hundred dollars per annum to spend on
their entire wardrobe, ana tnerefore
could not be expected to spend that sum
on one dress alone. "Not more than
two hundred and fifty to hve hundred
dollars ner annum." he reseats, "he
should rather think not," ' and he adds
that perhaps I am not aware there are
plenty of people with families who actu
ally live on these sums and less. Quite
true. But, then, they do not dress, at
least only in such clothing as the people
who do, give them, and they do not read
fashions, and naturally fashions are not
written or created with reference to
them.- It is undoubtedly true that some
women spend too much on dress, but it
is only true of a comparatively small
number. The majority spend too little.
There are men who make and lose
hundreds and even thousands of dollars,
who complain of the cost of a necessary
dress or a pair of shoes purchased by
their wives.
Complaint isrthe normal condition of
those who hold possession of money
against those who have to spend it.
Women in the country, the wives of ,
well-to-do farmers and proprietors,
spend altogether too little on themselves
and their dress. They grow old before
their time with hard work, and they
look older still from the poverty of their
personal belongings. The subtle influ
ence of becoming dress, the refinement
of habitual association with the fine in
stead of the coarse, is unknown to them.
The clothing of persons ought to be
representative of their position, and a
man should be ashamed, who has money
to spend upon lands or horses, or his
own pursuits, to grudge that which his
wife needs, and which sho would prob
ably have were sho riot tied 'to him.
Two hundred and fifty dollars seems a
largo sum to some men, who can very
well afford it, for a woman to expend on
herself. But how much will it buy of
ordinary clothing? .
Ono silk dross fljj
Ono woolen costume
Ono indoor dress
Summer dresses, making, trimmings una
belongings 40
Two wrappers W
Shoos, including slippers 20
Hats for summer and winter 15
Underwear, corsets and liosiory 25
Cloak, shawl, or some other outside gar
ment 25
Total ?250
This is a very bold estimate. There
is surely nothing superfluous, and the
prices are such that good materials
could only be secured by having the
garments at least partly made at home.
Yet there is no margin for ribbons,
lace3, gloves, handkerchiefs, perfumery,
nor any of those small items of personal
expense, such as stationery, which so
cial life involves ; nor does it mention
furs nor gifts of any description for
birthdays or holidays.
No doubt thrifty women could save on
some of tho items mentioned, but it
would be by adding to the burden of
their lives the burden of cutting and
making their best as well as their com
moner dresses, by buying low-priced
stuffs and the sacrifice of their taste to
their economy. This may be all right,
but they should at least have the credit
of it ; nor is it always economy to spend
five dollars instead of ten in the pur
chase of materials or articles of use.
Many women are forced into waste
ful habits by never having money
enough to buy a really good thing. It
is always a smaller sum than they need
that is doled out to them, and so they
are always in arrears with their necessi
ties, which have no element of durabili
ty, afford no satisfaction in the posses
sion and are the dearest in the end. The
conditions of our daily life are very dif
ferent now from what they were fifty
years ago, and it must be remembered
that women neither make them nor can
they change them.. Men make much
more money now than they did then,
but they seem to consider it their ex
clusive right to save it or spend it as U
pleases them, and exact from their wives
a rigid system, which has not the com
pensation of former times, when the
products of the spinning-wheel furnish
ed them at least with comfortable cover
ing, and the march of civilization had
not proceeded far enough to awaken so
cial competition.
SrEAKixo of the Black Hills editors
as poker nlayers, the Deadwood Miner
says if a fence-rail was to be put op as
a blind, the editors are so poor that not
I one of them could straddle it.

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