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Mar 1 1 : : , : 1 1 II COS i i t .Y.;!M fMH.KiTJl H' . ; M S PROPHIETOK. I. H. JULIAN, "Prove All Things! Hold Fatt that which to Cood. SAN MARCOS, HAYS CO.; TEXAS, DECEMBER 8, 1877. NO. 5. VOL. VII. Free Press. PUBLISHED EVERY BJ'i'UKDAY BY ISAAC 1J. JULIAN, To whom 'i Letter .liould b. Audrssd. Office South side of Plaaa. , R VTEi OF SUBSCRIPTION : On rr, In advenoe . Six monihe ' Three month H ...fl 00 ... 1 U KATM ? ADVKETIBINO. Oa. qBar, on. lnartlon $1 00 1 ih addition- 1 insertion nnder on. aontb, W nt Pr aqua re. i bo. 8moa, moe.JJLlmoe f 11 u 10 00 18.00 S0.00 85.00 ttojio 1OC.00 On Ineh lu apace eonatttutee eqnare. Legal and tranelent adverUalng payable Irlo'lj In advanee. r- notleat. 10 neat. r lint ..oil In.ertloii. Announcing aandldatea lor .Oka, county, $ 6.D0 For Dlitrlei or State offloee, l' Obituary notice ol over tan lined oharged at rivertialngrate. BUSINESS DIRECTORY. New.paper -trF.ST TEXAS FREE PRESS, i. H. JULiaa. IV ..... ......II. I... . dtnnrlfitnr-flfflc BOUlll aaat corner Main Plata. ! ooor lo th. poit olBoe. Banker.. JJITOHKLL, GLOVER A CO., Mitchell'! Building orr oil ami Orecerie. DONAI.80N JOHNSON, North aide Main p"laa. . ' T V. HUTCKIS8 CO., Wait alda Mala ' , Plata, rn P. DAILEY A BROS., Wait alda of tha Main 1 Plaaa. yTKlS A UIES8N, South a da of tha Main O Plata. BRIGGS C. H., North aid. of tha Mala P'"- B. FRY, South aid Plaaa. p J. dTSHlTH, North Side Plate. G rocerle). it nirfinnHiU A CO.. nonh aid of tb n L nlaia, adjoiutng Harper'a aUble. k 0. ME1NKRS, Wait ilda Plata. DHiRL.ES BOCK, South alda Plata. Drnrt;i: .. KAYJOLDS A DANIEL, north aide of tba Main Plata. 0 TTJ OR VMM, Travta Corner, Pit f a I c I . DRH. WOODS A BLAKBMuBK, office In oode a-d bauiel a Drug alura. DR :uksTON;A PICNDLETON, offlc oppo.lta Diualdaoa A Jouaevn'a atora. Deallit, 1R. J. II. COMBS, ofnoe North ilda of of tha 17 Maiu Plata. Lirri. TirrCHI30N.FANKLI, lu tba Court-bona. o B. McBttlDR, office In tba Court Bouae, TEbXlNO FHHER, ottlce lu the Court Bouia. Q, J, BROWN, office oer Milchell'a atora. LfdAMM!'! MUC. T H. JULIAN, oMca F.a Paaaa Buiidiug, next lAN.oMca I , noil onlue. At door to voal Uatelx PRAVIS HOUSE, weat aide Plat. atrdlna; Mow... WtSt.VN. Waat eld .f public eqaere. c. ItiUiaarf Mre. JJ HOFBEISZ, aoatk aide Plaxa. ttekv.rf ae teif!Ciiairf . IJHEO. StMON.B.atSowaraat:.! PeelOSlca. Waajoai aaidl Carriaf. Blak.r. H. RAO. rear of iMriuey A Ca.'e Black , aalth Skap. Black.aalta. TOOMPSON, S N.aw.AwU.AIulai. Ma. C.raa.lar a StallA.r. TOOEUASO, ial Aataaf. rU a Urarf e.l Bala kiaklc.a B. BALES. Saa Aataat. atrawt. CaMalaJ.kn. W 1 ID, aaat M Fkaaa. W.irkaaktr a.d Jeweler. BOBBINS, aaat Po- ( 1.50 i 6.00 1 4.(10 rt.00 110 v.ur low 16W 6 IK) 1100 10.011 00 15 HO 16.00 16 uo M.OO 46.00 16.00 1 M.oo smo 1 Square . 3 " 4 " S colm I4 w, GENERAL DIRECTORY. orriciAtv ooxeateeaax Ova pwruort Hob. Ouitave Schleicher, ef D.WIUC aaTO-81T Manisti Ban. L. i. lore;, .1 Caldwell Co. ,, .BM.aaaTa.iTU MTaieTU0Tt oa. f. f. Huiehini, of Hiji Ce. Bon.W M.Buit.of OuidalepaCo. ' ' . . aiaraior oooar lira .iitbiot. , Han. L. W. Moor., PraaldingJudga, LaGraag. : , .t imb or aouiixa coobt.' HT. M Mondaji In March aad Saptaaib.r, oooitr orrioaaa. Sterling Flaher.Jndga Count j Court, P. J.. MaoloTa, County Attorney. Ed. J.L.Uraan, Clark.' " ' lu. A. Wran. Sheriff. C. ft. Cock, Dap.tr. C. W.Oroome, Jaitlc of the Peace Pre. No. 1 I. M. Breedlor., , ' " " " " a. a. i.ima. ; . -- - L. Smith. " " ' " ' U. A. MoXeana, County Treaaurer. A. Hoatou, Aaaeaaor. Ben. C. Hardin, Burnjor D. P.Hopklna, Cooi'r Precinct No. 1. , D. K. Moor " " S. i. B. Burleaon, " " "I. j.L Batimora. " ! , " 4. , , Geo. H. Ward, Conatabla. Tiau or Mot.ni ka Cooiti o Pbboikot Coobth Criminal County Court Ut Monday lu aaen month. County Court for Clll and Probata b.tlneaa let Monday in Kebruary April, June, Auguai, w lobar and December. CvmmiMlonera' Court Id Monday! la February, Maw Aiina atid Movanbar. Juatlca Conrt Preelnol No. 1 lit Friday In each month. San Marooa. ... Precinet No. 1 Id Friday In each month MtClty S Sd ' Wlmbarley'a Mill 1 44ih Dripping Spriuga. tow orricaa. Mayor A. B.F. Kerr. Council W.O. Butcblaon, W.'B. FryL W. Mltch- ell.f D. P. Bopklue, r. . Turner. Marahal A. B. Dailey. ciiUKcni-:t4. METHODIST. Preaching at tba Metbodlat Church ry Sabbath, juv. ..B.uineit, raiior CHRISTIAN. Preaching at the Oirlitlan tiurcb on th arcond and fourth Sabbalbaln each month by Klder J.J. Willlamaon. , PRE8BTTERIAN. Preaoblna: at tb Praabyte rlanCburch on tha flrat, aecond and third Hab batblu eaeb month by th Bv. W. L, Kennedy. PUOTK.TAirr RPIHCOPAL. SerTieea aecona Sunday In each month at 10X o'clock, a. ., and T p. m., t St. Mark' Cburcb.) Be. Mr. Ayraa, Hector. ASKIthe recovaied dyepeptle, BilNoua aufferera, Ictlma of Fever and Ague. the mercurial dlaaeaed patient bow they re maarad huallli enrer tnl anfHta and food aonailte. they will tell ynu uy laainz ilM(IN'S LIVER atta- -j REGULATOR. Tbb Cuatraar, PoaaaT ahd Ban FiaitT MtDiowi , la thb n win, For DYSPEPSIA. CONSTIPATION. Jauodlce. nm... aii.v UK ATkAf 'UK ftulla. Dvorea. alon of Spirit,' SOUK STOMACH, Heart burn, Tbla unrlralled Ronlhern Brmedy ie warranted . . .nla -..llrla flf UxHOltaY. OT any uuarmna mineral auoaMiwc, uy. Purely Vegetable, containing thoa Southern Roote and Herba, which an allwtn rroviuenee uaa piacau trlf-where Liver Diaeaaee moat piavail. will t.ri ai . lb.- loraaiveaaent af (U Llverand Hewrla. THE HYMPTOMSof Liver Complaint are a blt iar ,.r had taaia In the moulb: Palo in the Back, Atdra or Jointa, often ml. taken for Kheumetinni: ko aaiurh' liaa of Annetite: Rowela alternately coatlv and lax; Htedncue; Loaa ui Memnrv;, WHO a painiui aenaaiion i ua.,.. failed to do imethlng which oogbl to have been done; KeDlllly, l.ew apini. a mica yellow appearance of tbe Kkin and Byea, s dry Cough oilen miataken for Conaumption. Bnmatlmaa man i aflheae aymntoma attend tne dlaeaae. at other very lew; but tbe Liver, the largeat organ lu tbe body, la generally the aaat of the dlaeaae, and Ifuot negulated In time.arrat Buffering, wretcbedueaa ana aaeaiBe win . I can recommend a an efflcacloua remedy for dlaeaae of tb. Liver, Heartburn and Dyapepala, Simmona' Liver Regulator. LawiS O Wcanaa, 1626Maater aL Aaalalai.t Poatmatler Philadelphia. We hive teated lu vlrlnee peraonelly, and know that for Dyapepala. RlllonaBeaa, and Throb bln Headache, it la tbe beat moUlelne tbe world everaaw. We have tried forty other mdiclnea before Mnmon'a Liver Regulator, but none of them gave .a mora tb a lemnorary rener; dbi me Regulator not only relieved, but cored ea." KO. Tauiaaara an. Maaaciioaa, Maoon, Oa. Micrf-ruaeooLr at J. II.ZMI.I afcCO. PHILADELPHIA. HcobUIm tor medical (UnnU, ew nlteel la i hft Mm hppr propitioo In olhtr prt-p.r- -.1 . f-ik.a.iM a araaaulel pf U I TotltfB. ikorpUoobl AltratlT.n. e-rt-ln Cor- . r . i., m .a.. L.d. Bu.k alanal rtKllTe of all imparl aocM. bM 4uud4 lu , taal it to -garde d tha KFFECTUAL SPECIFIC For all dteeaa. af the Uver, StMack and t .laa. .......na w u v l d. rnttPMiwra. Abaiiioua ku, - - . DfHPKP.1 A, MKNTAL DK PkESAION, BMT LKKHIH, JaliNDICK. RaUEA, SICK HEAD CHK, COUC. CONS11PATIOM aad B1UOUS- IT HAS NO EQUAL. aiUTWJV! . . t .. m laLltatlaaal aATaaaJ aa A . Itrr w, m - tk pabtM, w. areaM coaticai lb. canaaHy t Hay a Peseta r Preparael .lalNOVr UT. ER RUt.ULATOB aataa :a mmr eagrav. wrapper, wub Trad "ark. .laaa aad Slgaaure aabrvkea. J. H. ZEIXeXN & CO., ahllaa.l.hia. TawnlaMe aaeiuiaa. , Uvar Bega- . aaa aan Daetava Mite. I aw It he vrytbtB fmr wbie) It la ieaaaadi. aad . .. al i. a. tall. I kit aeed H tm Ceeae aaal nl.vttlaraH4 tJerwea, artvla; tbeea aaaai' Half a untie a a " - iir i na i w- ' awe taal IrMek. a ketae tba beat Bead id aa) kaai ww all aa-apiater ' eena-aa -K T r.rua. AavatPrtiaaaeTa aVaava-iav. lNMIlafilllKf SeatUIr For the Faab Faaat. A REN iSltl BMA iXCK. ., , PtdUxtM 1 irVMefaHM1. ..:t "" ). , . .r MlAa rBBBoa, th leavea war green aad ertataoa, yo. remembeti Wkeu, .a vi. bonny atoning, alitor May, ' Amid tba goldea aanllgkt Of Bepteaiber, " Throagh Ibeloaj graaaa. aklppln. lad lb way Toward tb apriag, ka babbling aleer .old ''' water, v: . Ya. bad eapreaeed aa earn eat wlih lo tI.w) Mai thinking mother'. aalachleMoviag daagklar ' Would play . Joka oa aa. aedal. a yea. ... It wee . niarah-laud aad a kraak went tinging . AboT. lu nioaiy bed, bath day and night, Each tiny ware a ileal, of glory bringing To where tb. Illlee blouomed, waxen whit. Sh knew tb plllalla and tb firmer ptacaa, Though bid from vlw by graaaai green and long, And iklppra ahead lo grace, Ilk. any queen of gracee, While .a you followed, aaelog nothing wrong. I thluk I a, yon now, aa an that doming You walked aedately, with majeatlo Iread I A apatlaaa ware the clotbei, your form adornloaf Ab waa tb gloaay beaver on your head. Sh raaohed th apt lug and, turning beckoned to jo.; When, quickening yoar pace, you followed on. Then aame a aereatn, and , yo remember, do yoa t One moment you were tbere,the next ware g.ne. Only your bead above th. .tiff, green ruib.ee, Now marked where yoa . moment eluce bad been, Yonr bat went bobbing down among tha bnabaa. While peal ol laughter awelled Into din, . And then It took myaelf and (later Mary To drag you from your muddy bathing place. O, bow undignified Vou looked -how dreary I A with her handkerchief aha wiped your face. Ton called on acme one it waa got youi mother liiataad.amoiiauraaidooearih to roam. . , Your clothea were ruined and yo. bad no otbar, For ear you were an hundred mller froni bom. How long you alood and In tba auullght drlad you, While May'a light ttngere bruabad,tha mud away, 1 ben on tbe train at midnight homeward hied yoa To teach It while tba ahadowayat were gray. ' My friend, tbla life la full of hidden plana , Unwary feet may illp at any time. , And many ar. th airen forme and fauaa.. That aeek to lure ua Into airj and crime. Strength 1 not alwayi triumph, for tba weaker By better knowledge gain where atranglb I fulled. " ' ' ' ' Only tha faithful, careful, eaVneal aeaker jlu reach tbe goal wltb garmanli yat anMilcd. CAtvaeT'iB, Txxat. For tbe Fata Paxes. AllOAI, COI.aUKl:. BY SAM HOUSTON DIXON. , lit !.(:; , Tbe Coogress of tha United Stateo, in its session of 1862,. passed an sot providioK for tbe endowment of Na tional Colleges io each State, now gen erally koewn in some States, as Aitri- cuUural and 51 echini ieal ColUes. To each State agreeing to provide build nira and suitable aeootnpaoiments for the practical study of agriculture and tbe moohanioal arts, 30,000 acres o laud were grunted for each Coogressiou al Dibtriet. Section 4th of the set read : '"The leading object (that of the Agricultur- u' and Mechanical College) shall be. without excluding other scientific and classical studies and including military tucttcs.to teaoh such branches of learn io- as are related to agriculture and tbe mechanical arts, in such manner as the legislatures of the States may respectively prescribe in order to pro mote tbe liberal and practical educa- cation of the industrial clauet in the several pursuits and professions of life." Under this act, some States here originated independent institutions, and others have made the Agricultur al and Mechanical College a apecial department. Tbe State of Illinois has established ''Illinois Industrial University" at Champaign. Lai d and Buildings ra ted at 1400.000 are ownd, besides 25,- 000 acres of land in Minnesota aud Nebarska. The endowment . fund amounts to 1332000. There are four Colleges: I. College of Agriculture, embracing two schools; 2. College of Engineering, embracing four schools; 3. College of Natural Scicoce, em bracing two schools; A. College of Literature a.d Science, embracing two schools. Aod three schools, one each of Military Science. Commerce, and of Domestie Science aad Art The laat catalogue says: "It has bee. tbe steady aim to give to the College of Agriculture the largest development practicable and to meet the fall de- maud of the oountry for agricultural education as fast as it arises. The in stitution unites, as far as possible, theo ry and practice: theory explaining praoti". and r radios' illustrating theo ry." , The Presidont writes that tbe Meohaoioal Shop aod Prill House cost 18,000; Stook Baro,. HO.OOOj.Horti oultural Uounit IS.OOOi Model Farm House, 12,500; Gardener s House, 11,. 500 ; Green House, 12,500; r: I : : , In the Meohsnioal School, the stu dent is required to oonstruot machines orpurt8 thereof, of his ow. design and from his ow. working drawings. The students in clsss servioei under com petent teaoliers, use the machinery and tools of the ; Maobioe and Patterji Shop and: the Foundry, acoordiog to the most approved methods of modern practice. !.., Massachusetts divided the funds arising from sale of lands appropriat ed by Congress; gsve part to the Bos ton University Ld psrt to a new insti tution, called "Massachusetts Agricul tural College," at Amherst, where that well known, well endowed and thriv ing institution oslled "Amherst Col lege ' flourishes. Qualifications to en ter this college ire the same as requir ed at Wea Point, with the addition of Algebra, through 'fimple equations. Then a four years' ooure of study is required to en til lo tb a degree of Bach elor of rSoietice. Students have the advantage of the Library, Museums and Cabinets of Amherst College, The instruction is agriculture and horticul ture includes every brsnoh of farming and gardening which is practiced in Massachusetts, and is both theoretical and praotical. Each topic is discussed thoroughly io the leoture room aod again in the plant house or field, where every $tudent ii obliged to labor. ' The amount of required work, however, is limited to six hours per week in order that it may not interfere with study. The catalogues of other States are before me, and all show that the lead ing object is being faithfully oarried out in States En?t of the Minsissippl and North' of the Indian Territory especially is this true of tbe States of Missouri, Kansas and Minnesota. " I now come to Texas. Seotion tO, article 7. of the new constitution roads : "Tbe Legislature shall, as soon as practicable, orgaoizo and provide for the maintenance, support and direc tion of a uoivermiy of the first-class, to be located by a vote of the people ol this State, and styled the "University of Texas,", for the promotion of liters, ture and the arts and scieuoes, includ ing an agricultural and mechanioal de partment. Section 13. The Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas, estsb lished by an act of the Legislature, passed April 17th, 1871, located io the county of Brasos, is hereby made and constituted a branch of the ''Universi ty of Texss"for instruction in Agri culture and the Mechanical Artt and in the Natural Science connected there with." It is for the citizens of this State to see that the act of Congress, aod the Constitution of Texas shall be rightly and literally complied with. The au thor of tbe bill passed by Congress, granting 30,000 acres of land to each Congressional District of a State avail ing itself of the Congressional munifi cence, Hon. J. S. Morrill, U. 8. Sena tor from Vermont, writes : "Tbe terms of the original act, are very explioit that at least one college ahould be established where the lead ing object should be, without exclud ing other classicsl studies, to teach those studies most nearly related to Agriculture and Mechanical Arts, in order to give a more complete educa tion to tbe industrial classes of our people, and something of military drill and Uctios were also included. The Katioaal College might be drafted o. a CTaawcal College, it tbe leading object was thereby msde as required ; but classics mlone mould not he a cost pliant wiik th late. I hope your Stats will strictly conform to the letter aad spirit of tbe law, as 1 earnestly desire to obtain a nrthen grant iron Congress to a similar end, and any evasion will be a terrible hindrtaos, and put olubs' into the hands of thoa ' who msy wish to defeat the objeot." ' ' Baylor Uritbuitt. "; skM laltej s Hwrcl Vestro , '' l A... U..JI l-iii. '. ,:. One hundred yean ago hot a pound w of ooal or a eubio toot of illuminating 1 gas had been burned ta the1 country. No Iron stoves were used, and no eon- 1 trivanoes for eeeamtftiiog beat were '' employed ontiTiT:-11 Invented the Iron frami "ure?l.nioh still 1 bears his name; A the obokiDg and warming iq town and 'ooiatry were done by the aid of fire kindled apou j tbe brick hearth or io the pvsa. ' : Pine knoU or tallow candles furn ished tbe light for. the loag winter , eveuinga, and sanded floors sapplisd , the plane of rugs and i carpets, The , water used for household purpofMS was t drawn from docp wells by the creaking , "sweep."' .: " . -f No for rn of pump was Bled I this oountry, so far as we oa. learn, until after the commencement of the present -century. There were do friotion match-1 es in those early days by the sid ef ' whioh a fire could be easily kladl;; ' and f the fire " went out" upon the hesrth over night, and the timber was ' damp, so that the spark would ot "oatch," the alternative" retnaiBed of wading thiough the snow a mile or so to borrow a' brand of a neighbor. 7 , Only one room in ny house was warm, unless some of the family were ' ill ; io sll the rest the temperature wis at aero during many nights in the win ter. The men and women of a hun dred years ago undressed and went to . their beds in a temperature colder than , that of our modern barna and wood-; sheds, and they never complaioed. Th. Agw of tha Pre. Ideal.. As many of the young of to-day are hoping and striving td achieve great ness, and possibly aspire to hold high places in the land, it msy be of interest, if not positively consoling, to know that those who have held the noblest position known to our form of govern- , ment, atuioed it late in life Particu larly is this true of President. Harri son, who wss the oldest of tbe presi dents, being sixty-seven years of age when he was elected. That oourtly, and elegant old gentleman, President Buohsoan, was sixty-five when he be came chief magistrate, and next to him in point of years, was Zachary Taylor, tbo hero of Buena Vista, and the eleventh president of the United States.' John Adams', Washington's successor, was sixty -one, as also was 'Andrew Jackson, and both Madison and Mon roe, aod also John Quincy Adams were fifty-eight when they attained presiden tial honors. . Washington, Jefferson aod Martin Van Buren were each fifty- seven, and Jsmes K. Polk was forty-, nine, Fraoklln Pierce waa next to the. youngest, beiog forty-eight, while U. 8,. Grsnt wss forty-seven at the time of bis inaugural. Of the three vioe-pre- sidents, Tyler, Fillmore and Johooo, the former was fifty one, the latter fifty-nine, and Mr. Filmore fifty. ' A farmer may think he is making by1 pinching stock that is, by sot giving them whst they want. But he is los- ina- instead of Disking. If any animal does not receive the food it requires to keep it thriving, it is a losing be-i-ness for the owner. Saving tbe feed is losing the flesh and health aad thrift of tbe'-aaimal. Io cold weather stock oeed hr'roh nutrition feed to keep Bp tbe proper beat of tb system.' They. nut have carton, wbiub rich food aupplits. If tbey don't gel it, tbe cold born up the) f.t i. tbe system, just aa tbe fire burns the tallow i. the candle. Have the brat breeds of stnek, s. you ea. afford lo uke good care of them aad give tbeni food atteatio., aad you will maks pleeiy of mooey. The prevrntia ! one war would he a rich rerf for 11 the e.deavors ef every phiUarbr'.piat, sUtesmia and Cbrialiaa LadJ.