Newspaper Page Text
1D: II WW. JL JL WJC I. HJJUIjIAN, "Prove All ' Things I Hold Fast that which Is Cood." . ) ! I PUORIETOR. voLvii. SAN MARCOS, HAYS CO., TEXAS, DECEMBER 15, 1877. , NO. 6., i y Oilier fhQ :: , ...., , ... ..!, . . lit I" Free Press. 1'UllliSIIliD EVISliY SiTOliDAY BY Isaac h. julian , To whbm a' I Letter houtil be AUdreated. Office South side of Plaia. RATES OK SUBSCRIPTION ! Hue year. In advanc JJ Hlx tannins " 1 1! Three months " JS RATER C ADVERTISING. One quer,ou InMrlton $1 M oh addltfon I in.eriton uuder an moiilU, 60 cim per enure. I mo. 3 moil. I 6 mm. U mm Squire I 2 50 6.00 I T OO 11 00 S .1 4.50 T.lif HOD 91K) N.OO I 1X00 in ik) I 15.00 1 00 1 10 .110 IB 00 I r.00 SO no 36.00 4 " i calm. AO .00 35.00 B0 .00 loc .oo 15 U0 15 00 I 45.110 35.00 M OO I Oil W On Inch In apace constitutes square. : Legal and transient advertising payable etrlo'ly In advance. f.r.c.1 notice. 10 canta per line each Inaerllon. Aiinuniiclug candidates lor offlaa, county, $ 6.00 For Dlitrlot or State otllees '. ....... 0 Obituary uotic'ee ol over ten Htiee charged at advertising rates. BUSINESS DIREOTOBY. Nev paper. iKSTTRXUI FREE PRESS, I. H. JULIAN, L..ai. i.i,i.tul,..rnnd Pronrletor. office aouth east corner Main Plaia, next door to the poat olfloe. Hanker. lftTGHBLL, GLOVER CO., Mltchell'a Bolldlng M nrjr iod) and tJrooerleej. DO'UI.SON JOHNSON, North aide Main Plax. r v. HIKCHIXS CO., Weat aide Main ' , Plain. ill P. DAILKY 4 BROS., Weat aide of the Main 1 Plaia. OTEIN O Plata. oTEl.1 A GIE4EN, South a de of the Main DRIOna C. H., North aide oi it I'laza XIT B. PUT, South aide Tlaaa. ) J. C. SMITH, North Side Plata lirieerlti. DR. L'OCUKHAH CO., north alda of the , plata, adjoining Harper's .talile. Q a 0. UE1NKUS, Weat side Plaia. QHAKLES BOCK, South aide Plaia. Dro((l I.e. I1AYNOLD3 A DANIEL, north aide ol the Main It Plaaa. QTW Gtt kHlt, Travis' Corner. t Phrtlcla li. U8. WOODS A III.AKKHOllIC, office In ffooda aed Duiiiel a Drug mure. DR8.:DKST0N, PENDLETON, office opposite Donaldson A Jouiieuu'e store. Dentin. D R. J. U. COMBS, ofltce Kortb aide of of the Maiul'laia. Lawfirt. JJUTCHlSOX.t FIUNKLIN, ill tbe Coort-hnnae. v B. McBRlDE, oflice lu the Court Bouae, U. oTEULING KISHBK, offlce lu the Court Bonae. O I. BROWN, offlce over MitcbeH'a atore. Land AreitanaSomrr SMablic. IH. JUUAN, offlce Paaa Paua Building, next a door to do.i oflice. Hetele. T RAVIS HOUSE, weat aide Plaia. ejoardlnarUouae. Q WISl.VN. Weat aide of public aquare. HiUlnerr Stare. JJ B0FHEINZ, aonth aide Plaza. tSakerr and Canfectlanerf. rpHEO. SIMO,.xtdoorareat'o4 Poat OBee. Wagon and Carriage Maker. 1 H. BAD, rear of Devlnney A Co.'a Black. J, anitk Shop. Blackaaiita. i THOMPSON, I. . cor. Aaetia A MontiUie ate. e Carpenter Ac Unilder. TOGELSANO, Ian Aataale etrwt. Mr err and Sale Stable B. BALES, faa Astral at net. . CaklaM.llakart. WiED, eaat aid f Flera. tratebanaker and Jeweler. B B0SKTS. at die plaa. GENERAL DIREOTOEY. - .,, . , OFaVICIAI.. . , orixuaiMMAX 6ra di.tuct: :l ... Hon. Ouatare Schleicher, ol UeWlttC. aToa-31aT nirraibrt .,; Hon. L. 1. Storey, of Caldwell Co. mtiiTTivee 64TnTaicri no. J. V. UutcUlne, of HayaCo. Hon. W. M.Ruat, of OnadalnpeCo. , laTaiCT couat 6ti ouraior. , Hon. L. W. Moore, Preaiding Judge, LaQrange. rmaa or uouiiKa ooutT. Bare. Id Mondaya In March and September. oouarr onoaaa. I ' Sterling Fluher, Jndge County Coarl, F.J. Manlove,, County Aiwruey. ,, ' Kd. J. L. tlreen, Clerk.' Jaa. A. Wren, Kherlir. C. 8. Cock, Dvputy. ' C. W.arooma, Juelloa of Ihe Peace Pre. No. 1 1. H. Uriiedlova. " " " " " I U.O. Little. - " L. Stnltb. " ' " M. A. ilolfeaui, County Treaaurer. A. Heatan, 4aaeMr. Ben.C. ll.rdlu, Surveyor U. P. Hopklua, Cum'r Precinct No. 1. f). K. Wooro " " " ' J. It. Burleaon, ' s. J L. Baaeuiore, " " . " 4. Geo, 11. Ward, Constable. TiMKa or nm.niao Coourr kd Paaoixor Cooar Crimiiuil County Court let Mouday In each mouth. County Court for Civil and Probate business lat Monday in February April, June, August, uc tober and Deremlier. Cummlsslonara' Court 3d Mondaya In February, Mav, August and November. Justice Court Precinct No. lat Friday In each month, San Marcos. Precluct No. 3 3d Friday In each month MtCity. 8 3d Wlmberley'a Mill 4-4tb " Dripping Springe. towk orricxu. Mayor-.l. B. F. Kerr.' Council W.O. Hutchison, W. B. Fry, L. W. Mitch ell, U. P. Hopklna, P. it. Turner. Marshal 1. B. Dailey. CIIUKC'IIK. METHODIST. Preaching at the Methodlat Church every Sabbath, nev. J. B.uuiett, raator, CHRISTIAN. Preaching at the Christian Church on Ihe second and fourth 8abbathaln each mouth by Elder J.J. Williamson. PRRSBTTERIAN. Preaching at Ihe Preabyte. rlan Church on the flrat, second and toirrt Hb batbln each month by tbe Itev.W. L, Kennedy. PHOTE8TANT EPISCOPAL. Servicea aeconn Hundav In each month at 10U o'cloik, a. si., and 1 p. m., t St. Mark'a Church.) hev. Mr. Ajres, Hector. AN ADDRESS TO THE SICK. Do you want to purify the' aystra t Do you want to get rid nf Biliousness t Do you want something to strengthen you? Do you want a good appetite t Do you want to get rid of nervousneas t Do you want gond digasllnn f Do you want to sleep well ? Do you want to hullo up your constitution T Do you want a brisk and vigorous teellug f If you do, TAKE SIMMONS' LIVER REGULiATOR. J. H. ZEILIN & CO., Sole proprietors-Simmons' Liver Regulator, Philadelphia. THE FAVORITE -& TT,imo liwmpHo la warranted not to contain a single pat tide of Mercury, or any lnnrioua miner al aubmaucp. but la PUKKLV VEOET. Alll.H, containing those Siulhern Itfots and Herbs, which an All-Wise Providence baa rlaced In ennntrlea where Liver jisease most prevail. It will cnan m DtsASousao a na- aAKflBMRNT or THR l.lvaa D Bowxu, KKOULAra th Livaa aud raaraxT CHILLS AND FEVER, rnnnoxv livek kebclatoh la eminently a Famllr Medicine; and by being kept ready lor Immediate resort will save many an hour of eultering and many a dollar In time and doctors' bills. - After over Forty Teara' trial It la atlll reviving the most unqualined tesnmonlala to Ita virtues from persons ot the nignesicnaracierana rvspun slbllity. Eminent pbystciaua recommend It aa tbe most EFFECTUAL SPECIFIC FOR CONSTIPATION. "HEAD ACHE, PAIN IN THK SHOUL DERS. DIZZINESS, SOUR STOM ACH. BAD TASTE IN THE MOUTH, BILLIOUS ATTACKS. PALPITATION OF THE HEART. PAIN IN THE REGION OF THE irmVEVS DKxPON'DKNCY. GLOOM AND FOREBODING OF EVIL. ALLOF WHICH AUK THK OFFSPRING OF A DISEASED LIVER. COLIC IX CJflLDRES. Per childre eomplalnlrg ef call, headache, r aick eteoa. ach. teasponlolOTMre will gtv relief. Children, aa well aa edalia eat eeeactineo Ms wiach eepaer, r l aea. IMg whieh a)ee di(Mt well, predaeingmr at ach. keartbvr, T reetlssaese; goad aloee e Liver Crgwlator will give relief. Tbteappllee perexM f all age. II I tbe cheapest, pareat aed bt Pasaily Medici I tkwcll IT HAS NO EQUAL. CAVTIOM! K.T . pwwdera r Prerarwi OTr UT. B .kfil.ATO . trw-wmrwe. ertaft Tr nart. axasatp assa Be ier I gal. J. 2L ZSlLIIi & Price pmiaeipiii,a. WJ IT tU VICIsOUT. sptlMr TUB WOKllUKAI4V ... t ., . .i .' i "! - " f. 0.; M tta GalMtto hiipmlml. , , ' ': nl: lij I : ' i . Let parasites ol pise and power '''' , 11(11 bend lb aappl knee The inatltwta t Ika alv are tkaira, They care lot te be tree t But fraedui'atUtrdlealhaBplatUU .: . (Deery kltt all yo can), ' . la tk horHy.hanoed ao f toll, A TU Mbl Workliigmanl i ').' ,i ... , . . Th band that guides tbe gliding plow, Or makaa the lurnac glow 1 . . That aurba tha fiery Iron etaed, , . Or alrikaa lb stedgea blow, ' Is working out, through all Its toll, IL Great Creator's plan, , . And earning honest bread Ik while God;blesa Ihe Woiklugmant Tbe throbbing pulse of labor keep . Th world's maohln Id play, And drive the ear of Progreaa an Mora rapid everyday, Bob not the toller ol his need, . . Let Justice lead the van, Well doea be earn hit scanty meed, . Th boucat Worklugmaol ..I Tha Sbylocka and the Shoddy I lea Btlll press lb worker down Aud uiueterlug, call him Communtat When e'er be asks his own. . Though g I Ided frauds may smirk and aaeer At labor when they can ; Bo pnrse-proud anob waa ever peer Of au houeet Worklonmau I Washington, D. C, ) Deo. 3, 1877. J The lesult of the long contest of the last week in the Senate is the ad mis sioo of Butler and Kellogg and doubt less ot Eustis. This gives a Democratic guin. With three doubtful Senators, Davis, Patterson and Conover, it is manifest that the Semite cannot blook the way of any reform the House muy inaugurate. ; ; , "' Among the interesting incidents of this memorable coolest dodo have cre ated a worse impression, aud none will ultimately have a more damaging effeot on the Republican party, than tbe bru tal uttaoks of Edmunds and Cookling on Patterson, Conover and Butler. Without the courage to attack David Davis, who was equally non partizan, they hurled at lesser men their inde cent intuperation. .It is not of inuoh permanent consequenco that Edmunds should have done this, but iu the case of Cookling something better was to have been ezpeoted. But the arro gance of nature aud habit was given lull sway. The man Patterson muy have deserved all that was said of him. Senator Cookling, however, had no right to say it of Senator Patterson. Patterson, by the way, in his apology in the Senate for his oourse, bitterly attacked Mr. Hayes and his South eru policy, yet the next duy (Saturday) he voted with tbe Democrats and against his own party, to cobfirui certaio Dem ocratic appointments of Mr. Hayes. Senator Cocover's votes were erratic to a degree, and threatened for a time to preveot tbe admission ot any of the contesting Senators. . On the whole the verdiot of common sense people must be that the Senate has done itself discredit, and that to the Republican Senators most of that discredit is due. Our old friend, the bill to authorize the Government to bur the Freed men s Bank building in this city, reappeared in the House on Saturday. - This tim. one other building, in Florida, was added. This has long been, koowo as a scandalous scheme for saddling upon tbe Government tbe debts of the bank rupt institution, taking there for it worthless or depreciated property. At a very large meeting of Mexican Veterans in this'ciry on Saturday night, further discussion was had of the plant to be adopted to secure pensions for service. Tha petitions sent to Congress on this subject are numberless. One from Norfolk, Virgioia, is aa exceed iogly humerous document, and waa printed in fall io the Record- It is be lieved by tutor that the bill will pass at this aeatioa. The Dai If Pott, Democratic morsiof paper, will appear this week. It pro mise to be livet aa well as able, aad ought to hive a gooi support. . Mexlcna Caokrry. - - si .' correspondent1 lately sent as' a translation from ' the German about Turkish cookery and table-manners, from wbioh ho " branobed oat " upon Mexiosn habits in tha lame depart ments, with wbioh ho became quite familiar long ago as a prisoner io M icO. We find this part of bis artiole tbe most interesting, so give it to the exclusion ot the othdr.Eo,' Free Press. ... . . ,;.', '. (,.' ,. r About eating meals without knife, fork or spoon. Thin indeed miy ap pear strange to the descendants of the Anglo Saxon race, but let mo assure your reader, that in the greater por tion of Mexico you find no table, ohair, bedstead,' knife or fork, and jot these people don't starve or suffer. , Permit me to iuform your readers that the principal food of nearly nil classes of Mexicans is beans, next mutton, goat meat or beef, also cheese made from goats milk ; butter they do not know how to make. Hogs are there only fattened to make lard, for all dishes in Mexico are beans, a sort of hash of goat or mutton, but all so much pep pered that it is an old sayiog of Texas that a buzzard will notoonsumeadead Mexican. In lieu of a knife, fork or spoon, the Mexicans tear off pieces of Tortillas, that is bread made from In dian corn, baked in it pancake shape and not seasoned with salt. - The ouri ous reader may, perhaps, be interested to learn how the Mexicans prepare that bread. In the first place tbe shelled oorn is boiled in lime water till the husk comes off.then it is washed ond rubbed up and smashed between a flat stone aud a kind of stone, rolling pin to a fine pulp, a portion of which the women then flatten In their hands in around shape like a panoake, bako it in a square iron plate, uo salt or any lard or butter to it. Cako after oake is piled up to keep them hot, for cold they are tough and unfit to eat, Now, as stated, these cakes are toru iu . pie ces, iu each hand you take a slice of it, form it into scoop fashion, dip up the beans or meats, the latter all cut fino, and all dishes in Mexico are seasoned and fried in plenty of lard, and with so much red pepper that every dish has a red appearance, and . hot as h 11, to one not accustomed to it,. . It keeps a woman, who has to prepare bread iu this tedious manner, busy Iroui morning till night to furnish a good sized family. And the Mexicans would not do without their tortillas no more than we would eat a meal with out our bread. They make, also, ex cellcut flour bread, but that is rather more used for breakfast or for tbe sick.' - I also will mention here, that the Mexicans have uo bacon, bam or pick led pork. They have a small and in ferior breed of hogs, and their whole aim is to fatten thorn so much that they can make as muoh lard of tbem as pos sible, for all their dishes.beaos, mutton, beef or goat-meat, so to say, swim in lard, and is seasoned to death with red pepper. Tbe leaner portions of tbe hog are made into sausages, also peppered to death. This singular diet must at least be healthy, tor they seem to be healthy and enduring, and men and women of great age are frequently to be met with in Mexico. C. E. The Library of Congress is prepared with a full representation of the latest books, documents and periodical to answer the numerous drafts that are made upon it in every fbld of inquiry. Large additions have been made to tbe librarv. MDCcially in works on political economy and finance, and there are few publications, either periodical or permanent in this direction which are not found in the collection. Tbe entire number of volumes is now about 815,- 000. Thi library is espeoially rich in periodicals, nearly all the Knglisb and American reviews aad magazine being taken, with many of th Boat valuable in foreign language. The files of tbe newspaper alon now exceed 5,000 braoi volant. A Rtoelavl ?ra blent not eaajr f , r . . Melutlon. There are poUtloal ana social matter! of a very important oature wbioh de-; . pend upon, the proportion of males to ,. female iu th poptioq. i For .many Tear the general tendency has been , toward an exoesaof females; and if the statistics ot the recent past an to be acoepted as a key to the future, it not unlikely that by the time theronu- " lation numbers 60,000,000,' there will be 1,000,000 more women thaU men. But in social or economical Questions it is ever dangerous and fallacious to attempt to rduoe conclusions to a : mathematical form. Three elements may come into play, the extent., and force of whieh can not be anticipated or estimatedand' there is no certainty wh.tavsv thai tha nnnfiitinn whiflh ' produced a known result In the past will remain the same in kind and do gree1, aud produoe tho same result In the future. . The most that can be done ia to state the probabilities. .,'., In the Atlantic and Gulf Southern States there is a surplus pi females of : 167,220 of which about 67,000 are negro , women. In the Western Statea the white males exoeed tbe white females, but there are 12,906 more colored fe males than oolored male. The North- ra Atlantio State have 140,283 more female than men; Rhode lslsnd.with ita population of about 290,000, giving" an exoess of 5,000 females, 0C nt the rate of three per eent.t Muoh of thi disparity has been due to . the war and emigration and migration.! But even it there was no war the iooreaae of fe males would be marked and decided. Migration from the older settled states to the newer peopled state accounts to a considerable' extent, for the figures presented by tbe former regarding tbe excess of females ; but the returns of the Western States do not balanoe the loss of the New Eogland and Atlantio States. A great drain on the vitality of those who migrate is inevitable ... through change of climate and tho nnnrlitiona of existence. It has long ago been estimated that fully one-third of those who undertake pioneer work die in the firot decade. , The oensus of 1880 will, it iB thought, present a still further exoess of males. . But beside what may be called peculiarly Amen- can influences, which wilt become cf - less foroeus the country grow older, there are in the United States, as aotive - as in European oountries, causes which are roost potent in reduoing the number of males.- '"' ."' ' '' ; " Thn trns'irle for existonoe falls most oo- - : B heavily upon the .male population There is a growing reluotanco to raar riairn on account of the great and in-' creasing expense whioh it entails. Habits of life are engendered wnioh sap the hoaltby and vigorous growth of the population. , Year by year the fe male portion must contribute, there-, font, mora to their own support aa the difficulty of procuring a husband in- , crease. . - .. . - r -t . ' The Heaesa Itt the Scbaal. Tbe late Convention1 of Teacher in Belgium ha expressed the wish that henceforth sexes should not be sepa rated in school. The reason given for this reform are worth recording. First, to keep young men and young women at a distanoe from each other until the age when, ordinarily, they are married, is to trive them a muoh great- . er desire to become acquainted with each other. (That is the old principle of the sweetness of forbidJeo fruit. SsMond. it is to aire them abaolutely false ideas, for yoaog mse easily be come gods in the exoited imagination of the young women, whilst young women become ethereal and divio be ings in tbe mind of young men. (Dia Unce lend enchantment to tbe view.) Third, from thi double current op posed to reality arise astonishments aod deceptions which occupy a large rjlaea in most of th oonjugal trouble. Th reasons appeared eo weighty that they were adopted almost unanimously It is a Question whether the authori ties will look at the matter ia tbe same light.