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San Marcos free press. [volume] (San Marcos, Tex.) 1877-1892, February 23, 1878, Image 2

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I. E. JULIAN, Editor.
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY.
C UIUtKNT TOPICS.
Tiik English IIouso of Commons on
tho 8th voted tho supplementary appro
priation of 6,000,000 asked for by tho
Ministry. Tho voUs upon division stood
328 yeas to 124 nays. Previous to the
voto being taken, Sir Stafford North
cote, Chancellor of tho Exchequer, com
municated to tho House tho Information
that the Hrltish fleet hu4 been ordered
to Constantinople for the purpose of
protecting British lifo and proporty.
Ho also communicated a summary of
the terms of the armistice, as given by
Minister Layard. According to this tho
lino of demarcation fixed by tho armis
tice )) laces in the Russian hands almost
all of Bulgaria and Koumoliu up to the
lines of Constantinople and Gallipoli.
Three days' notico is to be given before
the resumption of hostilities. Another
article of tho armistico stipulates that
tho Turks are to remove their arms,
etc., on evacuating places with
in ' the neutral zone which
will divide tho two armies.
Sir Stairord Northcolo said it was (juito
evidunt from this that, although the
.Russians have not occupied Constanti
nople; lines, they have occupied tho out
skirts 'close to them, and as the lines,
under tho provisions of tho armistice,
aro thoroughly dismantled, tho Rus
sians are able, after giving three days'
notice, to advance upon Constantinople
without hindrance.
A London dispatch of the 11th says :
Tho Forte has refused to allow tho
British Hoot to approach Constantino
ple, and ponding further negotiations
tho fleet remains in Bcsika Bay. Prince
Gortachakoff has ollioially informed tho
Towers that Russia contemplates
tho occupation of Constantino
ple for tho protection of tho
Christian population, and it is
significantly added that tho Sultan has
invited tho Grand Duke Nicholas to
spend a few days in Constantinople.
Orders have been issued for tho dock
yards at Chatham to hasten tho com
pletion of all war vessels under way, and
hands aro working over time.
The bill for tho improvement of the
Mississippi liiver, prepared in accord
ance with the memorial of the St. Paul
Convention and introduced in the IIouso
by Mr. Knapp of Illinois, provides for
an appropriation of 017,000 to secure
a depth of live feet from St. Paul to the
Dcs Moines Rapids; $:380,O0O for im
provements thence to the mouth of Illi
nois River; $500,000 for securing a
depth of eight feet thenco to tho mouth
of the Ohio, and $500,000 for 10 feet
thence to New Orleans. Tho bill directs
that tho most serious obstacles to navi
gation shall receive attention first, and
thoso of less importance subsequently.
. The system of improvements proposed
is on the plan of tho United States En
gineers, involving dykes and movable
dams. Inasmuch as it was found im
practicable to secure the appointment
of a special commilteo to takechargo of
tho bill, it was placed in the hands of
the Committee on Commerce, who arc
said to be friendly to the measure.
Tiik vote in tho House on tho 4th up
on the motion of Mr. McMahon to sus
pend the rules and adopt a resolution
instructing the Conmiitteo on Ways and
Means to report a bill at the earliest
practicable moment, imposing a grad
ual tax on incomes, shows that a
largo , majority of tho members
are in favor of such a meas
ure, although tho necessary two
thirds were wanting ll!5 to 88 to
order a suspension of the rules. Inas
much us the Ways and Means Commit
tee stand six to live in favor of an in
come tax, it is in -t unlikely that such a
measure may be put through in the
regular course of legislation during the
present session. The Southern members
voted almost unanimously in favor of
Mr. McMahon's resolution, and a large '
majority of the Western members are
also ou record in the atlinnativc.
Tin: House Committee on Pacini
Railroads have agreed to report a bi.l
t'Mcudiiig fur lo years the time of com
pletion of tin- North PaeiSe Railroad.
The bill reduce the laud grant in Wash
ington Territory, taking away such
onion of laud a. was heretofore em
braced in the appropriation for the cou
rt nut ion of the road from Fend d'Ore- i
ii'o to I'tigi t Sund.
Tiik House Committer on Judiciary
hae nded on the proposition for a
Sixteenth Amendment ti the Constitu
tion as prvenled and advocated hy the i have N-gun the hearing of arguments in
.it IViuale Suffrage Convention. The regard t the various jending pnjKi
.ti: Yc.i l.vndr, Frve, Hut'er, tioti for lej.n-!.tion on the Mibiect of
Cor '"T an
I 1-
ipta:n-
Kie:t, i
Hurtrldee, Stenger, McMahon and Cul
berson 6. Harris, of Virginia, who is
opposed to female suffrage, being ab
sent, there is no probability that the
ommittco will at any time hereafter
take favorablo action on tho subject.
Tub new Tension bill, as agreed upon
by the IIouso Committee on Pensions,
authorizes the Secretary of tho Interior
to restore to the pension rolls the names
of all invalid ponsionors now living
which wore stricken therefrom on ac
count ef disloyalty, and to pay them
pensions from the 25th of December,
186H, at tho samo rate to which they
would have been entitled had they not
been stricken from the rolls ; and no
payment will bo made on account
of any pension provious to December
25, 1868, nor to the representative of
any person not alive at the date of the
Massacre of this act. The bill further
provides that all pensions on account of
death, wounds received, or disease con
tracted since March G, 18G1, which have
been granted or shall be granted on ap
plications filed provious to January 1
1880, shall commence from the date of
death or discharge from the service of
the United States.
Dki.koate Cannon's bill for the ad
mission of Utah as a State will be report
ed on adversely by the House Sub-Con
mittee on Territories. This detorniimv
lion is based on the fact that the admis
sion of Utah would clothe Mormon
priesthood with State sovereignty.
The Pope died at about 5 p. m. on
Thursday, tho 7th of February. His last
words were "Guard tho Church '.
loved so well and sacredly." Tho Car
dhals and other dignitaries of the
Church were present at the last moment
A Conclave of Cardinals assembled im
mediately after tho Pope's death.
The official account of the death of
the Pope states that his Holiness re
mained calm throughout. At 11 o'clock,
when his distressed breathing was
painful to witness, he took a
crucifix from under his pillow and
blessed tho bystanders therewith.
At 3 :.'30 p. m. the body became livid.
Cardinals relieved each other in pray
ing by the bedside. Cardinal Bilio re
cited the office for tho dying, and at tho
commencement of the fourth office the
death-rattlo ceased. The physicians
state that the immediate causo of the
Pope's death was paralysis of the lungs.
A Rome dispatch of the 8th says in
reference to the Pope's death : Tho
Conclave will assemblo immediately at
tho Vatican. The Pope left instructions
which will be unsealed to-day, pr&sentc
cadavero (in tho presence of the dead
body of the late Pope), by the Chamber
lain, and read to nil tho Cardinals now
here. Prince Chigi, Marshal of the
Conclave, has assumed his functions
and given orders for tho customary
walling up of the doors of communica
tion and tho removal of persons
now living on tho same floor
on which the Conclavo assembles.
The remains are to be temporarily de
posited in the choir chapel of St. Peter's,
and will finally be placed in the crypt.
Tho Conclave will decide whether tho
funeral shall bo public or private.
ArsTuiA's plan of a conference of the
European Powers to consider tho ques
tions at issue between Russia and Tur
key has at once met the approval of
Germany, England, France and Italy.
The Czar is pledged to refer certain
points to a conference, though there is
no allusion to this fact in the peace pro
tocol, and some of the Russian official
organs take ground against the confer
ence project. Russia will necessarily
accept the Austrian . proposition, since
it has been so promptly and directly sus-
tained bv the Powers which signed the !
Treaty of Paris, but objects to tho con
ference being held at Vienna.
A Vienna correspondent telegraph
ed on the loth that Russia's reply to
Austria's proposal to hold the confer
ence in that city is received. Not only
does it reject Vienna as the seat of the
conference, but it declares that certain
points in the peace preliminaries are
not to be referred to the conference at
i all. Russia's alliance with Turkey
I is icgarded as a fixed fact,
' and great alarm prevails in
Vienna as to the final outcome of
j this complication. Orders to prepare
Au-tri:i"s U'st iron-cluds for sea have
i been issued, and it is expected that the
1 mobilization of the army will bo de
creed. I he lurki-li Ionics, in
.accordance with the peace pre-
liminaries, have evacuated M'iddin,
Ku-tchuk, Silistira. Itelgradschik and
; Krzerotim, and other places design.it
! ed. The neutral zone i 12 miles broad.
! The Senate Committee on Railroads
the SojlLcru Trun.'oi.'.iiK n:l Railroad.
He committee have agreed to hear
three persona on the Bide of the Texas
Pacific Company and three repaesonta
tlves of the Southern Pacific Railroad
Company.
The Southern Educational Conven
tion was in session at Atlanta, Ga., on
the 7th and 8th. Virginia, North Caro
Una, South Carolina, Florida, Geor
gia, Tennesseo, Missouri, Alabama
and Louisiana were represented
by State Superintendents, College
Presidents and eduators. Resolu
tions were passed favoring the creation
of a National Educational Fund,- from
the proceeds of wild land sales and oth
er sources, to be applied under the State
laws on a basis of illiteracy, and a mo-
morial was made to Congress to hasten
such legislation.
A Russian paper estimates that about
40,000,000 bushols of wheat will be ready
for shipment from Black Sea ports as
soon as there is anabsoluto assurance of
peace. The Turkish blockade of the
Russian coast is already raised, and the
exportation of the accumulations of
breadstuff's will probably soon begin.
A Washington special of the 10th
says : In a conference yesterday of the
House Committee en Foreign Affairs
with Secretary Evarts, at which Minis
ter Foster was present and made a
statement reviewing the Mexican situ
ation since the accession of Diaz, the
Secretary intimated that this Govern
ment is favorable to the recogni
tion of Diaz, but the interests of
American citizens in the nature of con
cessions and claims must be first adjust
ed, regarding it easier to accomplish this
before than after. On the border ques
tion Mr. Foster took tho ground that the
present policy of solf-protection is the
only one which will insure security to
tho lives and property of American citi
zens along the Rio Grando.
PERSONAL AND POLITICAL.
The President has nominated Joseph
W. Huston, United States Attorney for the
Territory of Idaho; Thomas Adainson, of
Pennsylvania, Consul-General ut Itio de
.Janeiro; Krnest L. Oppenheim, of New
York, United States Consul ut Uuttenbcrg;
Kdward Wheeler, Collector Internal Iteve
nuc, Arkansas.
Harkv Genet, another well known
member of tho New York Tammany Hing,
who absconded about the time set for his
trial, has returned and given bail.
An investigation of the charges pre
ferred against Doorkeeper Polk of t he House
of Hepresontutives was begun on the 5th.
Pkofessors Riley, Thomas and
Packard, United States Kntomologie.il Com
missioners, have asked the appropriation of
,f2.'),000 for the next year, to enable the Com
mission to continue its labors in the South
ern States, and to attempt the eradication of
the army-worm, which now does so nmch
damage to cotton.
Col. Nathaniel C. MacRae died in
Cincinnati on the 5th, in his 72d year. He
was born in Prince William Comity, Va.,
graduated at West Point in 1S2I1, was placed
on the retired list at the breaking out of the
rebellion, at which time he had full rank of
Major and a brevet of Colonel.
Miss. Clayton, of Hartford, Ct.,
clever and pretty, has started out as a tem
perance revivalist. Another woman, a Mrs.
Malloy, is conducting meetings in Athol,
Mass.
Du. Lunsfoui P. Yanuell, Sr., of
Louisville, Ky., celebrated as physician
editor and author, and well known through
out the country, died on the 4th, in his 73d
year.
(Jen. Grant was splendidly enter
tained at n party in Cairo, Kgypt, given him
by Gen. Batcheller, formerly of Saratoga,
but now an American Judge in Kgypt. The
entertainment was attended by many
Egyptian dignitaries.
A kcel was fought at Matamoras,
Mexico, on the fith, the principals being
Hon. Nestor Maxan and M. de La lVn.i, both
residents of Hrownsville, Texas. Maxan
was seconded by Win. Kelley, and Pena by
'' Combe. Two rounds were tired without
cllcct, when Pena announced lifmseir salis-
tied. Maxan, however, demanded another
j round, which resulted in his receiving a fa
i tal wound through the body, causing death
, in a few minutes. The cause of the duel is
not stated.
I The Jury in tho case of (Jen. Ander
' son, late of the Louisiana Heturiiing Board,
on trial at New Orleans, on the Till render
ed a erdict of guilty, accompanied by a
' recommendation for mercy.
The President has nominated the
following Indian Agents: Charles A. Haf
; fee, of Minnesota, Chippewa Agency, Mm
r exit a: Jim. W. Ioiil'I.s, of New York,
Yankton Agency, Dakota; Sunin l S. Kly,
Pennsylvania, pawnee Aircncy, Indian Ter
ritory ; riiilcmou It. Hunt, of Kentucky,
Kiowa and Crow Acency, Indian Territory.
I The Ilmisc Committee on Education
', ar.il liliir have agreed torrport a 1 ill tdi
, tribute the proceeds of alrof public lands
among the wveral Slates for the ptirjocof
education.
Tiik Senate Committee on Commerce
will report adver-y on the nomination of
Geor.-e Wiiluiason as Collector at New t'r
leins. Lor is Mostplaimt and Ja. Prince,
the colored juror in the Anderson trial at
N.-w r!en, state to repon-iMe parti
tht their verli.-t. "Guilty, Imt reeom
nx nI. ! to the mercy of the Court.' wa
giken undVr the iiapn -i.-a tL.t tl.i wu
tantamount to an acquittal, and
that they were so informed by the other
Jurors. Anderson hm a dispatch signed by
John'Shorman, Stanley Matthews, Garfield,
Hale and Doty, of the visiting Republicans
earnestly protesting hi Innocence of any
fraud, and denouncing his trial and convic
tion as the exhibition of bitter sectional
partisanship.
The House Committee on Elections
will report In favor of seating J. H. Acklcn,
Democrat, from the Third District of Lou
isiana, in place of C. B. Durrull, the sitting
member.
The Vico-Presidentand Speaker Ran
dall are strictly enforcing the rule prohibit
ing sales of liquors, Including lager beer, in
the Capitol.
Cardinal McCloskey sailed from
Now York on tho Oth, expecting to reach
ltomo on tho 22d, live days uftor tho assem
bling of the Conclavo.
Theodoue S. Faxton, of Utica, East
N. Y., who began life us a stage-driver, has
recently endowed three charitable Institu
tions In that city to the amount of over
$100,000.
Wm, C. Benney, a prominent resi
dent and churchman of Amcsburg, Mass.,
Is missing, and his name is mentioned In
connection with Irregularities la managing
funds Intrusted to his charge.
Snt Peter Coates, the great English
spool-cotton manufacturer, is visiting New
Orleans.
The President has approved the
joint resolution extending the thanks of
Congress to Henry M. Stanley.
The Senate has confirmed Frederick
Salomon, of St. Louis, as Surveyor General
of Utah Territory.
Theokoue Roosevelt, recently nom
inated by the Bresldent for Collector of tho
Port of New York, is dead.
Hon. Charles M. Conrad, ex-Mem
ber of Congress, ex-United States Senator,
and Secretary of AVur under President Fill
more, died at New Orleans on tho 11th,
aged 73.
Hon. Gideon Welles, ex-Secretary
of the Navy, died at his home in Hartford,
Conn., on the 11th.
SENATOR TUUKXAJ OX SILVER.
Abstract of His Spoeeh in the Senate on
the MlitnU 1(111.
In the Senate, on the 7th, consideration of
tho Silver bill was resumed and Senator
Thurman spoke in favor thereof .
He iirifueu that silver umlKokt nail been tne
metallic money oi the world for thousands
of years. They were also tho money of the
Constitution. Tliey were the metallic money
of the Colonies, and afterward of the United
sjtates.from the Declaration of Independence
until silver was demonetized oy mistake una
without the knowledge ot the people or Con
gress, or by the enactment ot the liovised
Statutes iii 1874. Uoth metals are suited to
perform the functions of money, mid silver
dues perform that function iuuouk the lare
majority of the human race. Silver is espeei
ullv siiio'd for Himill transactions, and mav
therefore ho properly called tho money of
neonlo in humble circumstances. It follows
thai the burden of proof rests on thoso who
insist that silver should be demonetized.
It U argued that to rehabilitate tho dollar
of il- Ki'ains would defraud the publicered
itors. This can not be ti ne, for the contract
is to pay in cither gold or silver of the standard
value of the United States on July N, 1S70,
when the silver dollar of ilia (ruins was lull
lettal tender, with the right of unlimited coin
age, nud it Is simply impossible t hat u person
performing his contract, entered into by both
mirtii's. but with full knowledge of Its terms
and ell'ect, can thereby be guilty of fraud or
dishonor, tloth houses ot Congress have by
overwhelming majorities decidod that no
such fraud would be perpetrated by paying
the pnbliecreditors in silver dollars of 4lii
grains. I f remonel izing silver would bring it
to par with gold, tho publio creditor can not
lose. It is said that to coin a silver dollar of
412'J grains and make it full legal tender,
would defraud individual creditors who have
loaned money or sold property to other indi
viduals since silver was demonetized, that is,
ince June2J, 1ST. This is a great mistake.
Kvery creditor of the foregoing description
Is compelled by law to receive greenbacks in
pavmcnt unless Ids contract expiessly pro
vides for payment in metallic money, and
these exceptional cases ure not affected by
the bill under consideration. Now, no one,
1 think, doubts that-if the coinage of a dollar
of 412 gruins be restored, uud it is made lull
legal tender, its value will be ut least ei)unl to
that of the greenback; bence no possible
injury to tho individual creditor, such
as that above supposed, can occur. If,
as has been asserted, the uver
age duration of individual debts in
the United states is about two years I think
it is less then it is easy to see that the pas
sage ot this bill can not injure any considera
ble number of creditors, if, indeed, it should
injure any, for it is certain that in the next
two years not over titty million silver dollars
could be coined, nud nearly all such dollars
would be absorbed by the payment of cus
toms duties, and would be used for nothing
else. It is urgued that if this bill puss silver
will be a less vulualile currency than gold,
und will expel gold from the country. In ac
cordance with what is culled Greshani's law,
namely, that the least valuable currency
drives'out the more valuable: and henee sev
eral amendments have been ollrred to in
crease the number of grains in the silver dol
lur. so as to make it an equivalent, as It Is
said, of tin gold dollar. This objection to
tin bill rests upon the assumption that the
silver dollar of 41-'.', gruins, if made full legal
tender, will be of less value than the gold
i dollar.
Mr. Thurman argued that this assumption
j was incorrect, and said: If the greenback,
j u liich has no intrinsic value, no circulation
outside of the United States, and is a limited
I legal tender hen-. Is yet within less than two
per cent, of par 'with gold, why should not '
I silver monev, which has an intrinsic valni
i nud which circulates mer the greater part of
.the globe, if Indorsed with the full legal
; tender faculty, rise to par with gold? Ksh
daily if we line the metuls at l.'i '.is-lnn lo 1,
while most other nations using both give but
li 'a for I. One reason why greenbacks have
Ihh'ii and an- depreciated, is the lad that t hey
have not biM-ii receivable in payment id cus.
tonis duties, or of intcreat on t he public del it ;
lint make the siUer dollnrof 41-', grain- toll
i-u:il tender and it Hill lie recei Hlilc lor bol tl
tlii-sc purposes, and it must closely iippmxi
niate. if it d'M!. not n-uch. par with g'.l.l. I
ledicve that it will reach it. Hut Mipi.-o it
docs uot.a.id -upMiM (.ix-sham's law to nave
its !! cl ; to hiit extent would gold I -
Mdled trotii the country by silver? Mainle-l,-
ioy -o tar a-sdver Mipplicd it. Tim-c hun
dred million ot dollar-in gold roiiUl n, h
iliiicnout by an iue of j.'.o.imi.imi in silver.
1 oe tittle-, elTet could only If to CXN I
iwi .iv.of gold, the place of w hich vomM Ise
taken li silver, andtlie volume of tiienie
tMiie nionev mould I the same. Itut would
t he f"i. . in ffoid lie e.ellel No, tm-le-
:.tM! was all the metallic iiiotm-j
t hat the ,sHintry th--1.-.. If it le-d-
and it n. i mope to atelv and cenaiiny
tllilltlll -"cle yx UH-tlt tlr" crd'i:il I-
Citi-m o t. ',. e of silver to llie J ...,.,,
el eii souiil ls4 lime gold out. Hut. in
truth, me rale Dot lia.f of $. ." f K..1.I ;
an.l im-r mecon-elcr how slow mill t tt
.rr- of coiuuir over doiir-. m mill to,.
thai mr mrr in no iiiiue.life dnirer f l.e-ii:i.
oi:rgoi.. If rroel 1-exiw-ilisl, n mill it.t t
muck by iier c-anemy as by our .mill
A tether the r '.r f tbe l"nff-I
riitarr tu re net , lut it I Ley muuH
oy must agrco that with ui metallic mone
ill not be .horn ot ittj fuuctlon. thm n, I
circulating medium.
Another set of reaaonen argued that
silver would io out of the country should tha
dollar of 41'i grains bo coined; that, aatll.
ver was undervalued In tile dollar of 4i'ji
grains as compared with lta valuation In thl
States of the Latin Union, it will leave her
and How into those States to open their tutnta
to an unlimited coinage of five franc nieces
but lie thought they would not do so. '
Another objection to tho bill was that If It
should become law, we would be flooded with
silver; that Oormany would pour her surplus
silver on us, und our mines would produce
ho much that we would have more than we
knew what to do with, lie had no fear of
(iermany. It was said that she had $so,ujo,.
boo to snare. Suppose it was all poured into
the United States, we could absorb It ail with,
out injury. Jlut It would not be poured into
this country. Uermany could not spare her
silver. Hut If she could, the greater part of
It would be much more likely to go to Asia
and to Itussla, Austria and Spain, to say notli.
lug of the Latin States, than to eomu to the
United States, which undervalues silver, u
compared with the rest of the world. Ho did.
not think we hud any tiling to four from an ex
cessive product of our mints. Ho hud not been
considered an inflationist, but he knew of no
valid reason against enlarging our specie b.
sis, and, if wo are to have and muiutuln specie
paymunts, it must be enlarged.
Another objection to the bill was tho well
known argument against bimetal ism; aM(j
most gloomy pictures had been drawn of the
ruin that would befall our country if we
udopt bimetalism. He argued that It was by
no means certain that the standard value
was less variable in a monometallic than It
was In a bimetallic country- An absolute un
varying standard of value was an iinpossl
bility. Hud there ovor been a more prosper
ous country than tho United States from 1789 .
to lMttiy I)id any nation ever exceed the
progress we made in population, wealth,
education, refinement und general well-bo.
lug of the people in these 72 years? And yet,
ftunng an iiiat jienuu, o imu oiuiuiHiisui;
for we gaye no preference to gold over silver,
or silver over gold. Those metals lluctuatoa
then as tlioy liuvo ainco, and probably ever
will do. Hut no American statesman of Unit
period thought of demonetizing either.
And now let us turn to Kuropo for a mo
ment. VVIiut do wo hear? Tho wiiilings of
thousands of laboring men, women and chil
dren thrown out of employment. The cries
of anguish of thousands of other men, who
but a year ugo were rich, but now bankrupt.
In a word, the same notes of sorrow that no
utfect our eurs In our distressed lund. nut
from what countries do they mainly come?
Two from gold-monometallic Kngland and
gold-monometallic Germany while bimetal
lic France, the lund of silver its well as gold,
enjoys a prosperity hardly exceeded by uny
people on earth.
It had been argued that our foreign com
merce would bo destroyed, would be dis
jointed, by tho passage of tho ponding bill.
Had wo not carried on business during the
pnst sixteen years with an interconvertible
paper currency, and was not the balance of
trade in our favor now? Again, it hud been
argued that national credit would be destroy
ed. How destroyed? By the United States
paying our bonds us we promised to pay
them. Tho United States needed no stieu
prop its a singlo gold standard to support Its
credit. The resources of this country were
too well known tor her credit to bo injured.
He longed to see our indebtedness held at
home and not abroad. There would then be
no annual drain from America to enrich Eu
rope. A telegram this morning informed us
that fllUO.OOO worth of our bonds were on the
way home from Kngland. They would be get
ting back there soon, whether this bill passed
or not, as tho interest upon our bonds was
greater than that upon uny safe Kmopoan
stocks. If our bonds should he sent home,
they must find purchasers in the United
states; and suppose they should find such
purchasers, would not every one in the' land
bo glad that our bonds were held at home?
The Knglish debt wns held by Knglisbmen,
tiie French debt by Frenchmen, and be hoped
thutthe day would come when the American
debt would be held by Americans.
Our eurrrency would continue to lie small
paper money, und the problem for Congress
to solve was upon what basis it should rest.
We could not maintain a paper currency con
vertible at all times into coin, unless we em
ployed silver us well as gold for its base.
Unless silver should be made full legal ten
der, the ideuof specie payment in tho United
States would soon bo ubundoned. livery op
ponent to nil irredeemable paper currency
und every friend of specie currency should
insist upon the full renionetization of silver.
If this bill should become law, its tendency
would be to put a stop to the demonetization
of silver in other countries. Should we post
pone remoiietizutioii of silver till u compact
with oilier nations bo made, it would never
lie reniouetizeil. Ho hoped that our country
would be ranged by the side of the bimetallic
States. Let the commercial world know that
we do not intend to ubundon the use of silver.
Silver whs an American product. Many mil
lions of dollars und the labor of thousands of
men were employed in its production in this
country; and to destroy or cripple this indus
try woiild bo cruel unit unjust.u
A Dead-Letter Komunce.
Until recently there has come to the
Dead-letter Divison of the Post-office
Department, with the regularity of the
daily mail, a letter bearing the post
mark of an Eastern city, and addressed
simply "Philip Gregory, Esq.," on the
envelope, but without any direction to
indicate whither it was intended to be
sent. These letters were dated with the
day of the month and year, beginning,
" My own darling Philip," and ending,
" Your faithful and all'eetionate Mary."
They were strangely tender, always
trustful, never upbraiding. They ever
bore the assurance of her faith in his
love, and the belief that he would some
day come back to her. They were in
tho handwriting and language of a re
fined and cultured lady. As the years
went by, the lines grew tremulous with
age, but the love they uttered was young
and strong; and constant. At last they
came no more, and a loss was felt in the
musty dimness of the dead-letter files
; by the toilers there, as if some old friend
had been stricken by the hand of death.
There being nothing in them to indicate
tho residence of tho writer, they were
destroyed, being of "no value." Thus,
every day in the year, from the morning
of maidenhood to the evening of old
age, did this "daughter of tears" send
forth a letter to her lost lover, hoping
one might chance to reach him ; but he
never came, and she went down into the
shadows of the Unknown, trusting him
still. If it was a form of insanity, I
would there were more of it in the
world. Citvtland HfaM.
Hf.ke is an advertisement from a b
tie Michigan girl which appears in the
(k-ne-ee lMmral, and that pip1"
vouches for its genuineness : LoT.
Maltese cat ; green eye ; very slender;
x w,-et prowl: jt ej by the name of
Lldr Jan rirev nr Muum (av:
long : Lillian roli. A suitable re
Ward Will be given.'

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