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I. H. JULIAN, Editor.
TUBLISIIED EVERY SATURDAY. The Papal Funeral and Election. There is no reason to suppose that what may be termed the established post-mortem programme will be chang ed in the present case. As soon as the death of the Pope has been formally cer tified and proclaimed the bells of all tho churches in Rome will toll, and the ofll cial known as the Cardinal Caniorlcngo will assume authority as a sort of Papal Regent. Twenty-four hours after death tho body will be embalmed, carried to the Sistino Chapel and ( robed. Tho re mains lie in state there three days.when they will be removed to the Chapter's Chapel and inclosed in three coffins securely sealed, and then placed under tho dome of St. Peter's. Tho funeral ceremonies continue nine days, and during tho last three are exceeding ly imposing. At their conclusion the triplo collin is deposited in a small vault in the wall of tho great Basilica some distance above the floor, where it is kept a year, and then transferred to the spot selected for final burial. This spot is usually chosen by the Pope himself, and Pius IX. will take his long roposo in front of tho high altar of St. Maria Maggioro. His tomb, finished several years ago, is a superb affair, radiant with many-colored marbles and exquisite mosaics a tomb fit for a king. On the third day after tho Pope's doath the Cardinals meet and the ten cpngregations assemble. The fourth day the Conclave assembles in the Paul ine Chapel, the doors of which are forthwith locked anl guarded. None of the members are permitted to leave or communicate with the outer world until their work is accomplished. A two-thirds vote is required for a choice, and there are four modes: " Scrutiny," "access," " compromise," and "in spiration." No voting by proxy is al lowed. Twice each day, as long as the conclave lasts, each Cardinal present writes his own name, and the name of tho person for whom ho votes, on a slip of paper ; then advances to the altar, kneels and repeats a prayer, and deposits the ballot in a consecrated chalice, repeating another prayer as ho leaves the altar. When all have voted a short pause intervenes, and then the ballots are taken from the chalice by officers appointed for tho purpose. They are cc.unted and compared with the number of Cardinals present. If the requisite two-thirds is obtained, the for tunate candidate is declared duly elect ed. If not, the slips of paper are at once burned, and the little cloud of smoke escaping through a small flue tells tho anxious crowd outside that no election has occurred. Then the same process is repeated. This is the " scru tiny." If votes be added to those al ready given to one candidate, so as to make tho required two-thirds, it is called "access." If the friends of two closely matched candidates unite on a third, it is called "compromise." If by a sudden move ment in the College.whether impromptu or prearranged, a name is proposed and carried by acclamation, it is called "in spiration." Pius IX. was elected in this way. Formerly it was understood, though never, we believe, laid, down in canon law, that the three great Catholic powers, France, Austria and Spain, had the right to vote upon tho election of one candidate, which was exercised through one of thuir Cardinals in the conclave. This right has lately been the subject of discussion in tho Vatican councils, and has doubtless been annull ed. At any rate it may be considered certain that the choice of the Sacred College at the coming election will be Pope, with or without the approval of the three powers. There are, we think, G2 cardinals now living the full number being 70 of whom 3iare Italians and 26 born be yond the frontiers of Italy. That an Italian will be chosen is almost certain. The last German Pope was Stephen X , elected in 1056. The last French Pope was Gregory XI., elected in 1370. The last and only English Pope was Adrian IV., elected in 1154. The last and only Portuguese Pope was- XXL, elected in 1276. The last Greek Pope was Alex ander V, elected in 1109. The last Spanish Pope was Alexander VI., elect ed in 1402. The last and only Dutch Pope was Adrian VI., elected in 1522. Since Adnan there have been 3" Popes, all Italians. Pius IX., the 37th is the 257th in the official list of Popes. Italy hav ing monopolized the Papacy for more that 350 years, is not likely to abandon her claims now ; and her majority in the conclave can easily enforce them. As suming that an Italian will be the next Pope, the following have been named as the most prominent candidates: JJorichini, Valletta, Simeoni, Franc hi and Pecei. Morichiul is 72, and rather liberal than otherwise. The othors were at one time all ranked with the Moderates, but since Simeoni was made Cardinal Secretary of State, and Poccl Cardinal Camerlongo, tttey have been intensely conservative. There is a say ing in Home that "Whoever goes into the Conclave Pope will come out Car dinal" meaning . that tho candi date which seemingly has the best chance at the outset is generally beaten. The provorb is likoly to be voriflod in tho present instance. Meanwhile wo may remark that tho Conclave assembles at a fortunate time. Were Europe un disturbed by wars and rumors of wars it is quite possiblo that an effort might be made by Franco, Austria or Germany to dictate the choice of the Sacred College, or interfere in some way with its deliberations. But there is no danger of such interference now. When all eyes are turned to the city of Con stantino, transactions in the city of Romulus, however interesting and im portant, will pass unnoticed and almost uncarcd . for. In the shadow of Europe's drawn sword the great election of the church will be held in peaco. St. Louis Republican. Photographic and Phonographic Possibilities. Some time ago the Scientific Ameri can suggested that by tho uso of stereo scopic photographs and the phonograph an audience might be apparently ad dressed by a person who'was not pres ent among them. Mr. Wordsworth Donisthorpo, in a communication to ' Na ture, says : "Ingenious as this suggested com bination is, I believe I am in a position to cap it. By combining the phono graph with kinesigraph I will undertake not only to produce a talking picture of Mr. Gladstone which, with motionless lips aud unchanged expression, shall positively recite his latest anti-Turkish speech in his own voice and tone. Not only this, but the lifc-sizo photograph itself shall move and gesticulate pre cisely as he did whon making the speech, the words and gestures corre sponding as in real life. The mode in which I effect this is described in the accompanying provisional specification, which may bo briefly summed up thus : Instantaneous photographs of bodies or groups of bodies in motion are taken at equal short intervals say quarter or half seconds the exposure of tho plate occupying not more than an eighth of a second. After fixing, tho prints from these plates are taken ono below anoth er on a long strip or ribbon of paper. The strip is , wound from one cylinder to another so as to cause the several photographs to pass before the eye successively at the same intervals of time as those at which they were taken. Each picture as it passes the eye is in stantaneously lighted up by an electric spark. Thus the picture is made to ap pear stationary while the people or things in it appear to move as in nature. I need not enter more into detail be yond saying that if tho intervals be tween the presentation of tho successive pictures are found to be too short, the gaps can be filled up by duplicates vr triplicates of each succeeding print. This will not perceptibly alter the gen eral effect. I think it wili be admitted that by this means a drama acted by daylight or magnesium light may bo re corded and reacted on the screen or sheet of a magic lantern, and with the assistance of the phonograph the dia logues may be repeated in the very voices of the actors. When this is ac tually accomplished the photography of colors will alone be wanting to render the representation absolutely complete, and for this we shall not, I trust, have long to wait." The Opium Habit. Opium-eating is the live issue in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia. A lo cal paper has been investigating, and reports that the habit is frightfully pre valent, insomuch that the drug-stores of Staunton, a place of 10,000 inhabi tants, retail about 100 pounds a week, many of their best customers being young ladies of "the first families," while storekeepers in the country find their trade in the drug so increased of late that they are now purchasing of wholesale houses at the North. The ex citement aroused by the exposure has been fanned by the rather tragic death of a Harrisonburg woman, who had sent two horses to be sold, in order to raise money to buy morphine, and was so overcome when she saw the man re turning without having made the trade, that she fell to the floor and died in a few hours. A public meeting was held at Staunton the other day to organize public sentiment against the vice, and a petition to the Legislature is being numerously signed asking for a heavy tat on opium. The introduction of the bell-punch,wbich has raised the price of "drinks," is held to be partly responsi ble for the spread of the erU. HERE AND THERE. v " A woman in Fairfield, Me., has a growth of natural hair, eight foet and one inch long, and has rcfusod, it is said, $2,000 for it. It Is Btated that a portion of the clois ters of Canterbury Cathedral is roofed with zinc, which after 33 years' expos ure to the woather has beon pronounced by tho architect to bo in good condition. A writer on the war credits Gen. Lee with the assertion that " If I had been Stonewall Jackson at Gettysburg I should have won that battlo, and if I had won it I should have established the independence of the South." Louis Henderson, a jealous young man, of Pottsvillo, Pa., threw vitriol over his sweetheart because she wont to the theater with another party. Hor clothing was badly burned, but she was not injured. A year ago a sohool-boy in Cayuga County, New York, carelessly broke a pane of glass valued at 10 cents. Three trials of a suit have resulted, the last de cision reversing the other two and giv ing a judgment of $33. In opening a bed of marl at Tarboro S. C, recently, a stream was found about eight feet below tho surface, in which was an Indian canoe containing tho skeleton of a man, with tho rem ant of a paddle in the hand. The families interested in a recent St. Louis wedding were of mixed and per tinacious religious beliefs. As a com promise, tho ceremony was performed three times, one each by a Baptist, a Catholio an.d an Episcopal clergymai There is likely to be a contest over Brighara Young's will. One of the chief Mormons offers to show how tho prophet took from the Church $2,500, 000, one of which was when ho charged in a lump $50,000 a year for 18 years' services as prophet, seer and revelator. A London advertisement : " A genj tloman of high birth having run through all his money is reduced to extreme in conveniences. He has never worked and doesn't know how. Moreover he does not like it. He will feel obliged to any lady or gentleman who will under take to support him." Quite a romantic event took place at Waxahatchie, Tex., the other day in tho marriage of Nicholas Sims, a wealthy farmer 70 years old, to a Mrs. Dunlap, 60year9 of ago. They had been plighted lovers in their Tennessee home 40 years ago, but separated, and Sims has been married once and his bride twice in tho interval. The latest wrinkle in advertising is an Englidh institution " The Conti nental Advertising Refreshment Plate Company." Tho dishes, emblazoned with advertisements, are to be exten sively distributed among the European hotels and restaurants, and tho average cost to advertisers will be about 4 cents per plate for each advertisement. There is nothing like presence of mind. A well known surgeon was per forming a difficult operation at one of the London hospitals tho other day, when the unfortunate patient suddenly died. After a short interval, said the Doctor to the assembled students : " I will now show you, gentlemen, how I should have completed tho operation had the patienl not succumbed." The Staunton (Va.; Vindicator, in an article on the opium habit, says : One physician tells us of a case in which a lady, a confirmed opium-eater, sent two horses to a neighboring city to sell, the proceeds of one to be invested in mor phine. By somo difference in price the sale miscarried, and in two or three days the man returned. When she saw him coming down the road leading both horses she fell to the floor in an agony of disappointment and died in a few hours. The sudden disappearance in Scot land of Dr. Richard A. Robertson, of Titusville, Pa., is exciting the attention of the detectives, and there are many indications of foul play. About a year ago he met a stranger in New York, who made . him believe that a legacy of $48,500 was waiting for him in Ireland. He hasten ed over to Glasgow, and fell in with some pretended solicitors, to whom he paid $2,500 or $3,000 commission for documents which were to put him in possession of the property. He then re turned home, and last month sailed again for Scotland to draw the money, but since his arrival there has been no trace of bis whereabouts. When he left home be took with him a considera ble amount of money and jewelry. There is a common impression that green wall-papers only are poisonous. Mr. Seebold, of Manchester, England, has analyzed not less than 60 or 70 kinds of paper for covering walls, and be found that 10 only were bannlesa, al thnncrh tha colors were not rreen. but nink. bios. red. brown, etc The cause i of the ill set of children and delicate ' persons, which In many cases perplexos skilled ohvsiolans. mar be the poison- ous mineral contained In the Innocent- looking wall-paper of bed-rooms. A poor woman lay. very ill hi her scantily furnlshod home in Sheffield, England. The doctor was sont for and came. He at once saw that hers was a very grave case, and thnt she had, as ho thought, llttlo chance of rocovory even if she could get tho nourishment hor illness required. As ho was about to leave, the qnostlon was put, "When should we sond for you again, Doctor?" " Well," was the reply, as he looked at the poor woman and then at her wretch ed surroundings, "I don't think you need send for me again. Sho can not possibly get better; and to save you further troublo, I'll just wrlto you out a certificate for hor burial." And he did. After tho doctor doparted the woman got bettor rapidly. Sho has now com pletely rocovored, and goes about car rying hor burial certificate with her. At least, so says tho Sheffield Telegraph. A large number of tho so-callod Ha vana cigars which arrive in England are shipped from Gorman ports. A highor prioo is obtainable for dark than for lightrcolored cigars, the demand for the former being about three time's as large as for the latter. Owing in a groat measure to tho partial failure of tho to bacco crops of late years, light-colored tobacco is much inoro common than dark. In irdor, therefore, to render tho cigars made of light-colored to bacco salable at a higher price, aud also to improve the appearance of old and faded cigars, various infusions have of lato been prepared and largely sold un der tho namo of "Havana brown," " sap brown," and "condensed sauco." All these preparations are now oponly advertised, and directions given for using thorn. None of these infusions contain any thing particularly injurious, most of them consisting of brown vego table dios. A German paper states that if a piece of whito blotting-paper, satu rated with diluted sal ammonia, is pass ed a few times lightly over tho cigar, the coloring matter, if any has boon used, will como off on it, whereas the natural brown of the tobacco leaf will remain. While tho Grand Duke Nicholas was reviewing tho prisoners after tho taking of Plevna, his eyo caught tho magnifi cent Arab horse of a Turkish officer. He afterward sont ono of his Adjutants to the latter to ask if ho would soli it, orders having been given that the cap tured officers should retain their horses. Tho Turk replied that it was no longer in his possession, for immediately after the animal had been remarked by tho Grand Duke a Roumanian officer had come to him and ordered him to give it up. lie had refused and demanded the written command of tho Prince. The officer then drew his revolver, and, threatening to shoot him, forced him to comply with his demand. Fortunately for the Turkish officer, tho Roumanian had a squint, and by means of this phys ical peculiarity was soon discovered, and found to be none other than a staff officer attached to Gen. Skobeleff. He had forthwith to surrender his ill-gotten spoil, was severely reproved, and has beon obliged to leave headquarters owing to the odium into which ho has fallen. Evils of the Cramming System. Tho psychological mischief done by excessive cramming both in some schools and .at home is sufficiently seri ous to show that the reckless course pursued in many instances ought to bo loudly protested against. As we write, four cases come to our knowledge of girls seriously injured by this folly and unintentional wickedness. In one, the brain is utterly unable to bear the bur den put upon it, and the pupil is re moved from school in a highly excitable state; in another, epileptic fits have fol lowed the host of subjects pressed upon tho scholar; in the third, the symptoms of brain foij have become so obvious that the amount of schooling has been greatly reduced; and in a fourth fits have been induced and complete pros tration of brain has followed. These cases are merely illustrations of a class, coming to hand in one day, familiar to most physicians. The enormous num ber of subjects which are forced into the curriculum of some schools and are required by some professional examina tions confuse and distract the mind, and by lowering its healthy tone often onfit it for the world, while insanity may not directly result from this stuffing, and yery likely will not, exciting causes of mental disorder occurring in later we may upset a brain which, bad it been subjected to more moderate pressure, would have escaped unscathed. Train ing in its highest senee Is forgotten in the multiplicity oi suDjecu, ongina.uy S atnnted. and individual thirst of knowledge overlaid by a crowd of novel theories baaed upon yet nnprorea state-meaU-Jfae4a' MagtiM. THE INDIAN POET-KINO. II Who Built Maa-nMMBt Towor for the Worship of tho Unknowa God. front tho San Francisco BuUottn. City or Mexico, January 2. I am going to tell you of a trip to the moun tain of Tezoosingo, famous in Azteo days as being the pleasure', garden and retreat of tho Indian poet-king, Neza huaooyolt. From Texoooo the trip is wildly picturesque and grandly beau tiful. The curiously constructed bath of Nezahuaooyolt is out from a solid block of granite overhanging tho brow of tho hill. The rook has a smooth sur faoo several yards square, and dropping from its center is a circular basin some three or four foot deep and a dozen or more iu clroumforenoe. Out of one side is cut a scat for the accommodation of tho bather, while, rising from the sur face a littlo bock is anothor having a porfoot chair form, with a rest on one sido for the arm. Protooting the outer side of this is a wall a part of the same rock into which seats have boon out, and various little niches In the form of miniaturo steps, which might have boon used by the old Indian monarch as re ceptacles for his toilet paraphernalia. Following along the still woll-prcserv-od path, we came to a chamber cut into the sido of tho hills, now unroofod and In ruins, tho floor being strewn with debris. At tho end of this vaulted chamber was a ralsedjplatforni a foot la height and soveral .feet square, hewn from solid rock, and on either corner, back of this, woro niches chisolod out, with fragments of cemont still clinging to their sides. We have since learned that botween those, above the platform, there still remained at tho beginning of the prosont century a largo calendar stono, which was latorjdostroyed by the neighboring Indians in search of treas ure. This curious workmust have oost its builders a vast deal of labor. Separating himself from the caros of his kingdom, Nezahuaooyolt camo for retirement to this beautiful mountain, and hero, four times every day for forty days, on bonded knees, he offered prayer and incoiiso to "tho all-powerful God, hidden and unkown." It is said that in answer to theso earn est petitions a vision appeared to one of his sorvants in attendance, directing him to go at once to his mastorjwith tho comforting assurance that the unseen God had beon ploasod to accept his prayers and offerings, and; would avenge him by the hands of his son, Axoquat zin, a boy of only 17 years. Tho king could not accept the supernatual vision, which was, however, fulfilled. Nezalmacoyalt, upon hoaring of tho fulfillment of what ho had considorod a false prophecy, retirod in humiliation to the garden of his place, and, kneeling on the ground, gavo thanks to tho un known God for his signal bonofits, proming to build a temple to his house, to abstain from idolatrous worship and human sacrifices, and to alono acknowl edge tho supremacy of the unknown God. Incompliance with this vow, ho built a tower nino stories high, the in terior of which he garnished with gold and precious stones, and the exterior ho covored with black cement, embellishod with stars. The workmanship was of tho most expensive order. In this su perb tower were stationed men, whoso duty it was, at certain hours of the day, to strike upon plates of fine metal, at the sound of which the monarch fell upon his knees in prayer. The Woman Walker. Miss Von Hillorn, the young woman who has accomplished so many remark able walking feats, is pleasantly describ ed by a writer in the Cincinnati Oow-mer-vil: "As she races around the track, sho looks like a fish darting through the water. She is as straight as an arrow, and her shoulders are very broad and square for a woman's. Her walking is not in the least like that of ordinary persons. It is like that of an Indian on a long journey. She seems to propel herself along with her arms and shoulders as much as with hf feet. The peculiar swing of her elbows and shoulders reminds one continually of the motion of a bird's wings. Her toes do not turn out, as civilized people's are supposed to. They go straight ahead, and the left foot perhaps points slightly inward." She is an excellent business woman, has invested her money in Bos ton, and takes shrewd care of it. She is a native of Freiberg, in Baden, and is a zealous and pious Roman Catholic. One good result of her exhibitions is said to be the inspiring of ladies to pe destrian exercise. A ladies' walking club has just been formed in Washing ton, iU members pledging themselves to eat aa oatmeal breakfast, put on a loose. light Bloomer walking-drest and take a long walk in the country at least three time a wees;. Not a mile of railway was built last year in Georgia, VIiiippi or Arkaa