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SATURDAY, PUBLISHED EVKHi CUItRENT TOPICS TI...;n...l'riTivtf V.I. I. IS. fif TjOlllNl- I lvr.l'Kr.ar.iwJ ana, recently bad a protracted interview with the President regarding Louisiana affairs, and received tho assurance "IjjYegjjsteni. jrho meeting was pre the A'dmlnistratwnVas 0f a meas tt1 tntnrfnrrinna bv the United States Courts, or otherwise, with the action of courm ur hio ww 'u"" Louisiana, anfl'tnat whilqthe President regrotted tho prosecution of 'Anderson' and j Wells, it would np$ , alter .his course toward the State or, the people of Louisiana.-'"''It was a matter which involved their h6nor",' arid he trusted tboir honor:., Mr; ' Ellis' full? Wormed tho president of tlwi.jtoflditio' of af faire in Louisiana, jand (corrected what ho (Ellis) considered'.crrom and mis statements of Secretary" Sherman' and others in regard to tho Boturning Board trials. ''.,'. " " ,,' .' . The House Committee on Banking and Currency havb (Ibthorlzcd" their Chair man, Mr. Buckner,' 'to , -report his bill, which proposes to substitute for Nation al bank notes a new . description , o; Treasury noteB which shall bo receiv able In payment of customs dues and all claims , or demands against tho United States, ; except obligations made ,payiiblo in coin . by'; existing laws, and shall bo receivable at par for 4 por cent.' bonds. The Comptroller of the currency,' in an argument against tho proposed bill, urges tho objection that its enactment would be an infringe ment of vested, rights, and that tho Gov ernment has no constitutional power to take this action in regard , to National banks while their charters continue in existenco. '"' ' Tue new Topo is Joachim Pecci. He was chosen on tho third ballot, taken between 10 and 11 o'clock ' on Wednes day, tho 20th of February. Ho has as sumed the titlo of Leo XIII. tie was tho choice of the moderates, who divid ed their votes on the first two ballot between him and Cardinal Franchi. Previous to the third ballot Cardinal Franchi prevailed upon his supporters to give in their adhesion to Cardinal Pecci, which assured his election. The customary announcement was made to the public from tho Grand Gallery of the Vatican Basilica, and soon afterward the new Pope, clad in his Pontifical robos, appeared and pro nounced the benediction to an assem blage of 20,000 peoplo. Leo XIII. is an Italian by birth and is C8 years of age. Ho was created Cardinal in 1853, and was the Chamborlain of the lato Pope. The Indiana Democratic State Con vention, held on tho 20th, was presided over by ex-Gov. Hendricks. The plat form adopted favors the substitution of Treasury notes for National bank-notes, making greenbacks a full legal-tender, except where the contract speoilically provides for paymont in coin, taxation of United States notes in common with other . money, tho plac ing of our National debt among our own people, the restoration of the old silver dollar, the repeal of the Resumption act, the repeal of the Bank runt act. etc. The nominees for State ' ollicors are : John G. Shanklin for Sec Mahlon D. Manson for retarv of State. Auditor, Wm. Fleming for Treasurer, Thomas W. Woollen for Attorney-General, and J. II. Smart for School Super intendent. The Houso Committeo on Tublic Lands have agreed to report a bill for feiting all land grants to railroad cor porations which have failed to fulfill the conditions upon which such grants were made. It is estimated that the bill, if passed, will restore to the public domain about 100, IXK),(HH) aeres of land. Among tho roads enumerated are the Northern Pacific, Texas Pacific, Atlantic and Pacific, Little llock and Fort Smith, St. Louis and Iron Mountain, New Orleans, Baton Rouge and Vicksburg, and sever al others. An official stntetnent to Congress re garding the receut war against the Sioux shows that the estimated cost of the war is ?J,312,5;Ut and the whole number of persons killed were 16 officers and 267 enlisted men. There were twe officers and 123 enlisted men wounded. Official notice has been published of the withdrawal of all offers of reward for information as to illicit distillation in various Southern States, as more ef- lective methods for its suppression in those localities are now being put into operation. 1 CirTAl Eai recently had a con- ierence with the members of the Sen-1 ate and House Committeos on Missis sippi Levees, at which, he explained to them and others prcscnf his views re nnctlnir the deoDouinir of the channel of the Mississippi River by moans of his jotty system, wlilon no claims woum be attended with practically the same rosults which have proven v successful f tha mnnth of the river. Cantain 1- 1.1.1- t.I.. n.f nlv ftaUS nOlUS Mint 1110 pjawiu opens tfj0 ehan,nel but n the sams time dispones' with4 the elaborate" hd'oostly ure of some kind to be submitted to Corigregg, 1 A itvriENT decision of the Supreme 'Court of IHinoiH, that) ho financial "of ficers of Chicago have no power to bor row fiioney in advanco of the collection of taxes,, has 'croatod considerable stir in that City. .' According to the Chiqago Tribune the municipal expenses for 1878 will be $4,000,000 while the disposable revenue will, bp only $400,000.' To meot tho emorgoncyjit suggests that 'the public schools, police, forco, and. similar neccs sary'branohes of the city. Government should be maintained by voluntary con tributions. ' Other authorities assert,' however, that .there is nothing In the decision, 'in question, to prevent the city from making an assignment ami w v. tli6 taxes as levied, and that. it has. a perfect right 1 to pledge its revenue as security for money1 to carry oh its busi ness. . The Mayor says that he will continue to, run thq departments, and, while large reductions may bo necossary, the municipal organization! will be kept "p-:, : The National Convention :of ,t,he Greenback Party was teld at Toledo, O.i oh the 22d. : .Representatives were present from nearly all of the States. Judge Francis W. Hughes, of Pennsyl vania, presided. No business was trans acted except the adoption of a platform. The organization is to be known here after as the National' Party, and a general organization of local as sociations is strongly urged. It is de manded that all money be issued by the Government direct, and that it be a full legal tender for all debts, ' public and private ; silver to be placed on the same footing as gold ; . Congress to regu late the volume of currency, fixing a minimum amount por capita ; the adoption of a graduated income tax, and the taxation of all Government bonds and money equally with other property; no more grants of pub lic land except to actual settlers in limited quantities; the encouragement by the Government of our agricultural and mineral, mechan ical, manufacturing and commercial re sources, to the end that labor may be fully and profitably employed, but no monopolies should , be legalized; the abolishment of all useless oilices ; a re duction of the hours of daily labor, etc, etc. Thomas C. Anderson, late member of tho Louisiana Returning Board, was sentenced on the 25th to two years' imprisonment at hard labor in the Penitentiary. Pre vious to passing sentence, in answer to the usual interrogatory of the Court if he had any thing to say, Anderson said that he considered his case a cruel per secution under the form of law, but that he was in the power of the Court and ready to receive sentence. Judge Whitaker answered that the accused had had a fair trial before an impartial jury, and that the verdict was fully justified by the evidence, lie uien sentenced Anderson, in consequence of the recommendation of the jury to the mercy of the Court, to the lowest term under the law two years' hard labor in the State Penitentiary and costs. A susponsure appeal was granted returna ble on tho following Wednesday. PEKSONAIi AND POLITICAL. T. S. Marvin, of Dyersvillc, Iowa, a well known live-Mock dealer, has abscond ed, leaving behind him debts amounting in tho aggregate to about $M0,0U0. .Some of the securities upon which he borrowed money are fouud to be forgeries. The Senate has voted to restore the franking privilege, and it is believed the House will concur. Ex-Gov. Wells of Louisiana has pub lished a letter containing serious, charges againt the various parties engaged In hi pnweculion. Th charges are generally de nied in toto by the persons accused. Tue Ohio Prohibitionists held a State Convention at Columbus on the SIt and nominated a full State ticket. The Senate has rejected the nomina tion of Williamson, to be Collector of Cus toms at New Orleans by a vole of 16 yeas to ST nays. Edward L. Goopwik, City Clerk of Xew Britain, Conn., and formerly of the Police Court there, was arrested on a charge j of the minppr ristlon of SO.OX while i Tolice Ork, and took poison and died, I,T,SO!. u known cattle j Breeder of Springfield, Ky., has failed with ' liabilities amounting to about fJotyMi. The curious case at Foughkeepsic, X. Y., In which Richard P. Morgan sued Mrs. John H. Hutser for $1,084, which he claims she authorized him to spend for Jier In get ting s trosieau for her granddaughter Ells, for her marriage to the ssn of ex-Governor Bovorldgo of Illinois In 1873; has been de cided In Morgan's favor to the amount of $2,139, which Includes Interest. Mrs. Rutzor claims that hpr property has so greatly de preciated that sn enforcement of Judgment will ruin her. Lum Bino, a prominent Chinoso mor chuntef San Francisco, and connected with officials of high rank m his native -countryi has recently returned from China. He states that W fhree-or f mir months a Chinese war vessel with American . olllcers and Chinese crew will visit thls"c6iinlry, bringing as pasHongers a -.Chineie . Consul and a largo number qf; VUinese array officers of rank, who will make a tour of observation through fhn'driltlifru1 ' ' ' "' . iv "oflinlnl telcirram from' Zanzibar announocs the death there of MM. Mars and Cretpel, Who were sent by the King of the Belgians . to explore the interior or inca. CiApe. Richard M. .WAiiEl a well known river man and Superintendent of tho Cincinnati and Louisville iiau wne uom partyi, died at' Ms home In' Coirtgton, Ky, onthol!tbfSBA08.5. ' ;'11 Fol k great-nephews of Goorgo Wash ington have BHlted Congress to purchase from thorn, for the Government, a large number of relics of our first President. They risk $12,000. Professor Henry recom mends ttife purchase. '" Cot,. John D. Logan, the founder of tho Sun Antonio Herald; Is dead.' ' ' Mrs. Pitman's ashes have boon taken frnm Tr. T.e Afovne's crematory at Wash- Ing'ton,; Ta., and weigh a little ,over four pounds. .They were. sealed in a glass urn and forwarded t? her husband at Cincin nati. ... ,, Mrs. Isabella.. Bekcheu Hooker made an address before the Senate Commit tee on Privileges and Elections on the 22d, on the subject of woman suffrage. A num ber of ladies wore present. : . JosEi-u C. Duncan, the defaulting President of the Pioneer Bank of San Fran- cisco, who some months ago absconded with nnuln arnhlfl monev. was arrested on the 24th in a house where he had been secreted for several days subsequent to his return to the city. ' i RoifERT H. Morrison, of Sturgis, Michi, late Grand Treasurer of the Grand Lodge of Odd Fellows of that State, has ab Bcondod with tl,778 of tho Lodge funds in his possession. It is believed he has gone to Europe. : He leaves a wife and two chil dren. It is supposed his bondsmen are good for the deficiency. A Socialist meeting was held in New V'k City on the 24th, at which the red flag of the Commune was conspicuously dis played. H. W. Taylor, First Comptroller ot the Treasury, was stricken with paralysis whilo at his desk in the Department at Washington, on the 25th, and died two hours afterwards. Taylor was appointed by President Lincoln during tho administration of Secretary Chase. LATE NEWS ITEMS. A shooting affray occurred in the streets of Bryan, Texas, on the 19th, about 4 o'clock p. m. Four men were engaged, armed with both guns and revolvers, and some 16 shots were fired in all. : One of tho party, Irwin by name, was killed ; another, Bush, was fatally wounded; and a citizen and looker on, named Morrison, was also se riously wounded. It was an old quarrel that was being settled. ' J. J. Moore, formerly a postal clerk on the Union Pacific Railroad, was arrested at Riverside, near Fremont, Neb., on the 18th, charged with stealing a $5,000 money package from the mails in August last. The money was in Canadian bank bills, and an effort to negotiate them in Chicago a few days ago, by another party, led to the ar rest. The money was all recovered. August Schieffer died at South Bend, Intl., a few days ago, from eating diseased pork made up into liverwurst. A portion of the man's arm.no larger thau a pin-head, on being placed under the microscope, re vealed four well defined specimens of tri china:. Mrs. Sehicfler, who also ate of tho liverwurst, is likely to recover, but two oth ers of the family are thought to bo beyond hope. A prospecting party from Bismarck, headed by Pat Rufferty, was attacked by In dians on Clark's fork, about the 1st of Sep tember last, and six were killed. J. W. Kover was hanged at Reno, Nev., on the Iftth, for the murder of J. N. Sbarpe, near Winncmucca, in April, 1875. Christian Reilly, alias, Reilburger, was shot and killed while endeavoring to burglarize a house in Chicago, on the morn ing of the l'.Kb. He was an old offender. John Gumbinger, aged 27, fell in love with Maggie Leider, aged 1?, the daughter of his employer, Michael Leider, a wealthy saloon-keeper at 1S08 Market Street, St. Louis. Maggie reciprocated the attachment, but the father became enraged and ordered John to leave his house. A few days sub sequently the lovert went to the Lindell notet and engaged a room, and on the following morning, February 19, they were discovered dead in bed, she with a bullet-hole over the left ear, and he with a similar one in his right temple. Both were dressed, and he still graped a revolver in his hand. They were both persons of intel ligence and attractive personal appearance. There seems to be no doubt that the fatal act was fully premeditated by both he to first end her existence and then bis own. The London Time of the 19th savs : " Tufted States bonds have surprised many people by advancing, instead of falling, on receipt of the news that the Silver bill had passed In a manner that will Insure its be coming a Uw in its present shape." The Havana ferial Gazrtle says that all the insurgent leader have given in their adhesion to the peace conditions. Friends of the Cuban cause In America deny the assertion,. ff" .,.'i j: . Three moa, named England Triplett and Crawley, were killed by the sxploslqn of a boiler in a steam sawmill pwned by Mi. Shields, two miles from Palmyra, Mo., on the 10th. The mill was entirely demolished. The Insane Asylum at Winoski, She boygan County, Wis., was totally destroyed by Are on the night of the 19th, and four In mates, Lucretia Toothaker, Mrs. McDonald, August Althrop, and Billy Doe, an Indian, perished In the flames. ! j '' Ambrose, a negro, who was" arrested upon a charge of beating a whlto boy so that he dled,"was fakSh from the Jail Jt Colum bia, Texas, on the 20th, by a mob of masked men, and hanged. """...' J! ' Col. Joseph M. Harks of Lawrence burg, Ky., was shot three tunes and fatally wounded by Joseph Fraser, on the 21st. The shooting was the result of a quarrel. The boiler of the Mound City Flour ing Mill," situated east mf Blgolow, Holt County, Mo., on the 22d exploded with ter rific force, entirely demolishing the mill and instantly killing J. McWIlllams, M. Ackley, 3. H. Caldwell and Wm. Anderson; and, it is thought, fatally Injuring James Dawson. Doc. Shockey, a notorious desperado, charged with tho murder of a mall contract or at Lake Charles, La. was being taken from Texas under a Governor's requisition, when be , was rescued from . the Sheriff's posse by a party of several masked men heavily armod. '' ' " .' ' ' V Lewis Hill, alias Henry Williams, was hanged at Isle of Wight Court-house, Va., on the 22d, for an, outragootis assault upon a respectable young white Indy of that county.. . ,', ' The revolution in San Domingo con-. tinues and President B'aes is besieged In San Domingo City. .... , ' (" , A daring express robbery was com mitted ,-at i Allen Station on the Texas Central Railroad, about 25 miles north of Dallas, on the night of the 22d. JuBt as the train halted at the station, at 9:30 p. m.,five masked and armed men boarded the express car, 'while another Jumped upon the locomotive and covered the engineer with . nis revolver. The express messenger showed fight, flrifig several shots at the robbers, and it is be lieved wounding one of their number. He was finally overpowered, however,' and, covered by the muzzles of two revolvers, was compelled to open his safe, from which the robbers took the money-packages, amounting to about $2,500, and rode off. None of the passengers were molested, nor did they make any show of resistance. The Jury in the Rand murder case, on trial at Galesburg, 111., rendered a ver dict of guilty of murder in the first degree, the penalty assessed -being Imprison ment for life. The prisoner was at once removed to the Penitentiary at Jollet, on account of threats being freely made to lynch him by the exasperated citi zens of Knox County. J. W. Barron, Treasurer of the Dex ter, Maine, Savings Bank, was found lying senseless in the bank, with a rope around his neck and body, and wounded in the head, on the night of the 22d. He died in a few hours. It is supposed that he refused to open the safe and was killed In conse quence. The robbers secured less than $100. Charles Hay ward, a Bourbon, Ind., photographer, on the 23d shot his wife three times through the body, wounding her fa tally, and then shot himself through the head, causing instant death. They had been married over a year, and It was supposed lived happily together. They left a young babe. - i . .'V 1 Three deaths have occurred at Rich ford, Vt., from the use of poisonous well water, and others are reported hopelessly ill. One of the dead is AValter D. Estes, a well known lawyer. An explosion of dyna'mito at Parma, Italy, on the 23d, killed six and wounded 03 persons. A double tragedy occurred at Hunts ville, Ala., on the 23d. K. J. Harrison, son of P. L. Harrison, Tax Collector of Madison County, a student of the University of Ala bama, shot and instantly killed one Ostell. Harrison was subsequently attacked by Os tcll's brother, who shot him twice, mortally wounding him. The cause of the trouble is not stated. A horrible affair occurred at a wed ding at Choctaw Bluffs, Ala., a few days ago. Two men named Smith aud Johnson got to quarreling over a toast. Johnson was knock ed down several times and Smith stabbed iu the abdomen, and the bridegroom was mortally wounded by a bullet from Smith's pistol, which was intended for Johnson Smith then leaned against the wall, faint from his wound, when Johnson stealthily approached him and blew his brains out. At West Point, K. Y., on tho 24th, Michael Tobin shot and killed Peter Albers. Both were enlisted men, and Jealousy re garding a woman was the cause. The leading ladies of Jvew York so ciety are getting up an entertainment to be called " Glimpses of the Arabian Nights," the toilets to be worn in which will be composed of the richest fabrics laces and gems from private caskets. As a sample of the elegance of the cos tumes, it may be mentioned that the fair young bride of Schu Gulmolk, a young lady residing on Madison Avenue, will wear a deep rose-colored satin, with an overdress of honiton lace, valu ed at $5,000, while her diamonds will represent a small fortune; 850,000. The sweet strains of an Oriental mandolin will be accompanied by a faultless sopra no voice. The Moorish arbor, in which the tableaux will be given, is to hung with tropical frmts, made in wax. The ' draperies will all be in keeping with the 1 glowing descriptions so familiar to the ' readers of the Arabian Nights. THE EUROPEAN CRISIS. ? 'V " ( Prince Bismarck has mado a speech in the Reichstag, in Which be said that he did not believe in a European war, as the pow. ers who opposed Russia would have to u! sume the responsibility of the legacy left u Turkey. Germany was In favor of It,, toning the assembling of the Conference! which perhaps .will meet In tho first fori! night of March. Ho rejected emphat Ically all suggestions that It should Intervene, and declared that Germany was willing honor, ably to modiate, but did not Wish to exer. else the office of arbiter of Europe. Th London 27e4iu Jts eommonts. upon Bl(. marck's speech says that It simply elln. inatcs Germany from Prussia, and th . sue rests between Russia, Austria and $ng. land. - " , A special, dated Constantinople, 20th, reports the Czar has telegraphed that th Russians will occupy Constantinople if the Turks continue to delay signing the terms of peace, which fnclude the cession of An menia and the surrender of the Turkish fleet. The Grand Duke Nicholas, accom panicd by a detachment of troop's and Turk ish plenipotentiaries, on the 24th occupied St. Stofano, about 10 miles west of Constan. tinoplo, on the Sen ot Marmora. , Admiral Commorell, commanding a division of the British fleet remaining at Galllpoll, has placed Ills ships on both sides of the prom on.tory, so that their guns can sweep It from shore to shore, and boats patrol night, ly to prevent the laying of torpedoes" ' A St. Petersburg dispatch of the 25th' says: The situation has improved' through an understanding between England and Russia, whereby Russia will not occupy Gallipoll and England will not land troops on the shores of the Dardanelles. The ne gotiations for peace are making progress. To hasten, them, the Grand Duko Nicholas, by an agreement with the Porte, has trans fcrred his headquarters to San Stefana, Adrlanople being too distant. An Unfortunate Woman. ., A .case, has just been decided in New York that illustrates afresh the ease with which a sane person may be put perma-' nently out of the way in an insane asy lum. Miss Susafi Dickie was sent to the Bloomingdale Asylum in 1871, for no other reason apparently than bocause she was a rather disagreeable young person to have' around, and there she might have staid indefinitely but for a lucky accident. In order to settle her father's estate, it became necessary for the imprisoned daughter to be legally represented by somebody, and so form al proceedings were begun to have her declared judicially a lunatic. But unexpectedly the lunacy commission ers were not content to hear only one side of the case, and, upon having Susan's case presented, it appeared that she was a sane woman, who was simply "railroaded" into an asylum by her loving brothers and sisters, upon the certificates of doctors who hardly did more than glance at her, bocause they didn't like to have her around. Judge Brady, in affirming the justice of her re lease, makes the very proper sugges tions that in all cases there should be a trial within 30 days after a commitment for lunacy, instead of letting the case go upon the certificates of any two physi cians, and that some system of personal supervision should be devised by which persons confined as lunatics may be ex amined at stated intervals by other per sons than those who are accustomed to regard them as insane, and therefore in clined to still consider them so. I Love-making by Telephone. Mark Twain has a telephone story in the Atlantic Monthly. A young man in Maine falls in love with a girl in Cali fornia, and they say sweet nothings and finally quarrel through the telephone. Then: "Did Alonzo give her up? Not he. Ho said to himself : 'She will sing that sweet song when she is sad ; I shall find her.' So he took his carpetsack and a portable telephone and shook the snow of his native city from his arctics, and went forth into the world. Ho wander ed far and wide and in many States. Time and again strangers were astound ed to see a wasted, pale and woe-worn man laboriously climb a telegraph-pole in wintry aud lonely places, perch sadly there an hour with his ear at alittle box, then come sighing down and wander wearily away. Sometimes they shot st him, as peasants do at aeronauts, think ing him mad and dangerous. Thus hu clothes were much shredded by bullet and his person greviously lacerated. But he' bore it all patiently. " In the beginning of his pilgrimag he used often to sav: 'Ah, if I but hear the Sweet" By-and-By!' B toward the end of it he. used to shed tears of anguish and say : 'Ah, if I but hear something else ! 1 " At last, when confined in a New Tor lunatic asylum, he heard the beloved tones. She is in Honolulu, but of cor they get married by telephone, and au ends happily. How shall we utilize the Chines?" asks the California press. We WPP it never occurred to tbe California" to petrify tbe Chinese and sell the tea-store signs.