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San Marcos free press. [volume] (San Marcos, Tex.) 1877-1892, March 16, 1878, Image 3

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I. H. JULIAN, Editor.
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY,
TIIE CALIFORNIA CHINEE.
r.lebrntlon of the Celestlnl New Year by
the llaatlien nt Oakland A gunila)-
Ncltoul lu run nun.
ronkluiiil (Cal.) Correspondence Chicago
' Ttmcs.l
The Chinamen celebrated the advent
of their Now Year "allee same as Meli
can man" his independence, with tom
toms and crackers at midnight, and to
day many a fair hand has reluctantly
turned to homely service in the absence
of John, who has gone to celebrate.
Our own Celestial said, "I not go this
time ; I spend heapee money last year,
I heapee foolee;" but a chum came
along, and he could not resist the' pros
pect of a few clays of jollification. The
Chinese Y. M. C. A. kept open house
during the day, and this evening their
doors were thronged with Caucasian
visitors. The appearance by gas-light
was very pleasing and especially novol
to a newcomer, fresh for Yankeedom,
In the centre of the room stood a table
laden with Chinese fruits, confectionery,
and curiosities, intermingled with jon
quil blossoms whose sweetness filled the
air. The cover was of rich, plushy
scarlet, embroidered with golden drag
ons and those grotesque forms which
only Chinese ingenuity and skill can
design and produce. Above the table
revolved a large and brilliantly illumi
nated air-castle, bearing hundreds of
nodding figures, fantastical in shape
and barbiirically gorgeous in color.
At the rear was a sideboard
spread with Chinese comfits and
delicacies, and the dearest little cups
and saucers that gave promise of a de
liriously fragrant beverage if so small
a quantity as they held may be called a
beverage. Two Chinamen received
ed them- to the table of curiosities, ex
plained all the mysteries, presented
bright red New Year cards, then offered
seats and served refreshments. These
were arranged in good taste, and wore
highly palatable, with the exception of
of a" certain dried fruit, which was ex
ecrable. Having taken a portion of
this, knowing that many almond-eyes
were upon me, I was obliged to swal
low the detested morsel without winc
ing to the utter disgust of the inner
mat The delicate rose-like aroma of
that,- tiny sip of tea beggars description,
and I refrain from discussing the merits
of that charming decoction. By re
quest they sang "Precious Jewels."
All carried the air, keeping excellent
time and harmonizing well, their soft,
liquid English producing a pleasing ef
fect. The attention paid by the Meli
cans was duly appreciated and good
feeling prevailed. Before leaving, the
callers shook hands with each, wishing
him a happy New Year and all manner
of prosperity. The 1st of February is
not only the Chinaman's New Year,
but his birthday also; every John
among them reckoning his age from
the beginning of the year.
ilt was recently my privilege to visit
the Chinese school held in the parlors
of the First Congregational Church.
Mr. Sanford, Melican superintendent,
called the school to order, and a Meli
can miss presided at the piano. Chi
nese hymns printed in muslin were sus
pended from a frame, and a young Chi
naman, baton in hand, turned over the
sheets and announced the opening piece.
The piano struck up " Shining Shore,"
and the Chinamen joined in singing, the
leader pointing to each word as they
snng. The long meter doxology fol
lowed, after which the superintendent
announced, "I Need Thee Every
Hour," from the English cards. Sev
eral hymns followed, during the singing
of which I took occasion to study the
dress and general appearance of the pu
pils. They were notably clean, cheer
ful and intelligent, very courteous to
teachers and officers. All were young,
scarcely out of their teens, and, with a
single exception, wore queues that reach
ed nearly to the feet or were wound
around the head. The front part of the
head was shaven closely, leaving on the
back a plait of hair from four to eight
inches in diameter. The upper gar
ment was a shirt-like affair, having a
slit in each side, immense flowing
sleeves, a narrow collar, and closed on'
the right side with three gold buttons.
Many of the boys wore three of these
garments, that next to the body being I
white, the second light b.ue, and the
outer navy blue. Some were made '
of very nice worsted trimmed with silk, j
others of coarse cotton. The stockings ,
ere of white cotton and hong about j
'-he ankles in unsightly folds. The foot ,
was encased in the customary resetted
black or blue slippper with wooden '
Ies. Prayer was offered by a teacher j
j-thU service is sometimes performed j
a Chinese by a convert then all pro- j
ceodod. to their work, somo to Study
Bible lessons, and moroto read in prim
ers and books used in day-schools. Each
teacher had charge of throe or four pu
pils. The first read his lesson and
changed places with tho second, after
him the third. Whilo one read to the
teacher the others read by themselves
aloud, making, to unsophisticated ears,
an intolerable jargon, which, however,
did not seem to disturb tho membors in
the least. Nearly an hour was spent in
this manner, after which volunteers
quoted passages of scripturo, many of
them rendering in English and translat
ing into Chinese. Eighty Chinamen
were in attendance, and 25 white teach
ers, both male and female. All the
evangelical churches carry on Chinese
schools, and with gratifying results.
The sentiment in Oakland is decidedly
in favor of the Chinaman. - He is the
favorite house-servant, and nis employ
ers can not commend too strongly his
tidinesss, celerity and general efficiency.
A Story from PerslaA Spec!
men of Oriental Justice. 1
The Rev. Arch-Priest Cuciago shiver
ed perceptibly, spite of tho warmth of
the reception-room in the Bishop's resi
dence, when he came down to welcome
the reporter this morning. Contrary to
his usual custom, he wore thick and soft
robes of brown '..cloth, bordered with
Persian silk embroidery.
" Ah," he said, in his quick, vivacious
French, " vour country is cold, but the
faithful of your country know how to
give a warm welcome to the stranger
guest from the Orient."'
"Is not the Nestonan priesthood
recognized in Persia?" ' .
"The patriarch of the iNestoriau
Church is practically an independent
sovereign, having ,his seat in Koordis
tan. His jurisdiction ecclesiastically ex
tends over the Nestorian Christians of
Persia, and its policy on the part of
the Cabinet at Teheran to cultivate his
good will. He, too, has to pave the way
to favor With gifts,' and the Shah finds :
him a useful ally, particularly in his re
lations with Russia,
" Tenez," he said. " I will give you
an instance that occurred a Short time
before I started for Rome. A wealthy
Christian had a very beautiful daugh
ter. By chance a Mussulman or high
position saw her, and desired to add
her to his already extensive harem. He
applied to her father for her, and was,
of course, indignantly refused. A few
days afterward the house of the Chris
tian was invaded by a horde of scoun
drels, headed by the rejected lover, and
the girl abducted. The Christian, mad
with grief, bought his way to the foot
of the Cadi, and laid his grief there.
The Judge ordered the parties to ap
pear, and the defendant was instructed
to produce the abducted maiden. A
day was fixed, and tho defendant ap
peared with a veiled Mohammedan
woman, whom he represented and
swore to be the Christian girl. The
woman, on her part,swore that she was
the daughter of the Christian, that she
had long desired to embrace the Mo
hammedan faith, that she had been, a
consenting party to the abduction, had
since become one of the four lawful
wives of the abductor, and had been re
ceived into tho Mohammedan fold.
The Christian was at once nonsuited,
heavily fined for attempting to inter
fere with the faith of a child of the
Prophet, and driven out of court.
Within an hour a host of Mohammedan
officials swooped down upon his house,
confiscated every thing he had in the
world, and drove him and his family
beggars into the street. This is by no
means an isolated case, either," added
Monsignor. '
" How many Christians are there in
Persia?"
" About one million. The total pop
ulation is twelve millions. They are
mainly agriculturists, raising rice, bar
ley, cotton, tobacco, etc., for the Rus
sian market."
"Are taxes high?"
"High! They are simply crushing. A
man raises a crop and has only about
one-twelfth of it for himself after the
local and goneral Governments have se
cured their share. The life of the peas
ant is that of abject slavery, and yet the
Government is always poor, on account
of the peculation of officials."
" Have any good results followed the
Shah's visit to European States?"
"I rather think, yes. We have no
reason to complain of the Shah. He
has always conducted himself en bon
gareon, and if he could have his way
there would be equal rights, but the
mollahs are too many for him. He has
two many fanatics around him, who de
stroy the effect of his good intentions
and decrees. He actually has tnea u j
govern tiui. uis iwuiu, -
fromies far exceed his performance,
lis ideas of enlightenment are erode,
and he is too fond of pleasure to see
that his good intentions are Carried out." j
Dtiroti Xctcs.
Caring for tho Dead Pope.
Roue, February 10. At 4 o'clock
yesterday afternoon the corpse of the
late Pontiff was removed from the Iron
bedstead on which ho died, vested in
full pontificals, and placed upon a bier.
A golden miter was upon the head, the
hands were crossed, and a crucifix was
to be seen upon the breast. Tho fea
tures were calm, the lips closed, and
upon the faoe appeared that smile which
in life gave so singular a charm to the
conversation of Pius IX. At half-past
five the body was ready for transport.
The ante-chambers were crowded with
Princes, gentlemen of rank, noble
guards, and privy chamberlains, the
entrance being rigidly restricted to
those personages holding position in the
Papal court. A few Cardinals came to
see the corpse and' knelt in prayer.
Bishop Clifford was amongst the visit
ors, and Cardinal Bartolini, after kiss
ing the forehead of the deceased Pope,
sobbed aloud. " :,' . .
About 6:30 the procession began to
move. Between files of Swiss Guards
marched the palafrenieri in red liveries,
with clergy bearing torchos. Then came
mace-bearers and a detachment of Swiss
Guards preceding tho bier, which was
surrounded by Noble' Guards and, Peni
tentiaries : with, torches. . ' Monsignor
Ricci (majordomo) followed, and then
came Monsignor , Maochi ' (maestro di
camera), Monsignor Sanmimatelli (al
moner), Monsignor! Negrotto, Casall,
pi . Bosogno and Delia- Volpe (privy
champerlain), Bishop Marinelli (sacris
tan), Monsignori' Vanuentelli and Sao
chetti (foriere), and Serlupi (master of
the horse), Duke Cattelvecchi, Prince
Altieri, and other officers of the Noble
Quards; Cardinals, two and two, with,,
torchos, reciting psalms; 'Prince Orsini
(prince assistant at the throne), Prince
Chigi (marechal of the Conclave, in a
black robe), Prince lluspoll (master of
the sacred hospice), and (Signor Caval
letti, (Senator of Home). 'After these
walked Princes, Nobles and Camerieri
Segretti,' wearing their collars and
orders, a detachment of Palatine Guards
terminating the procession.
: The sad cortege passed through the
ample halls aud corridors of the Vati
can, the Sala Ducale and the SalaRe
gia, some ladies and gentlemen, by
special favor, being permitted to stand
in the passages to view the proceedings.
The Basilica had been closed at 5
o'clock, and at 7 the body was brought
into the Chapel of the Sacrament by
private access, being received by the
Chapter of St. Peter's. The corpse was
placed on a platform erected in front of
the altar, with the feet toward the gates.
Prayers were sung by the choir of the
Cappella Guila, and Canon Folicaldi
performed the absolution. Cardinals
and all now withdrew, leaving the re
mains of the Pope in the custody of the
Noble Guard. '
St. Peter's was reopened at 6 :80 to
day, and -immense crowds thronged in
to look up the body; which will remain
for three days in the Chapel of the Sac
rament. The embalming began at 8 o'clock on
Friday evening, and was finished at
4 :80 yesterday morning. Dr. Cecca
relli and eight assistant medical men
performed the operation. All the bodi
ly organs were found to be perfectly
sound except the heart, a portion of
which showed some slight signs of thick
ening of the walls, tending to cause
an impediment to the circulation. , The
flesh of the body had no appearance of
emaciation, and the skin was white and
healthy. The legs bore marks of the
wounds whence the humors had free ex
it to the last. The viscera was careful
ly removed and deposited in a jar, which
was closed up by the Polish Penitentiary
with a seal supplied by the majordomo.
The operation was conducted in the
presence of the Noble Guards and the
Penitentiaries, the corpse lying on the
iron, bedstead alluded to above. The
process of injection was employed, and
was attended with perfect success, the
windows of the room being opened to
purify the atmosphere loaded with the
odors of the powerful aromatics made
use of. Photographs were taken of the
corpse before the embalming took place,
and a portrait sketch was made of it by PP1" to basin Jetrday
Petacci ' general inquiry was, " In which
basin was she found?" Manyexperi-
Toombs as a Soldier. enced mawkish feelings when they re-
I reflected that for two months pant they
The Atlanta (Ga.) Constitution says : had been drinking water in which a
In a conversation with General Long- j drowned girl had been macerating all
street concerning the Confederate Gen-1 the while. Numerous inquiries were
erals with whom he was associated, he ' made of the Superintendent whether the
said: "Do you know General 'Robert j water would be drawn eff, to which be
Toombs, of your State, was one of the ! replied, " What! ran 10,000,000 gallons
bravest and most dashing soldiers that ' of water just for one drowned person!
I ever saw on any field ?" 1 1 guess not ! Why, you're drinking this
M He was pretty bard to manage, was Delaware water all this time, and
he not r ! that is always flavored with about a dos-
" Yes, sir; at first. He had literally en drowned men." In order to accom
ao idea of subordination. He was born plish suicide, if such it was, the girl
to rule, and had been carrying out the ; must have climbed over the paling fence,
purpose of his birth pretty well op to nearly six feet high, surrounding the
the time be entered the anry. It was , barin.
hard for him to give up his lordly habits
even then.
"I remember a characteristic instance
in which General Toombs figured. I
sent out his brigade on picket duty onoe.
Of oourse, the discretion of plaolug the
brigades was in the hands of the proper
officers. Toombs had been out that day
dining with a Marylandor named Don
nis, who had boon one of his colleagues
during his Congressional career. They
had good old wine for dinner, and
Toombs was riding home feeling like a
lord.
" Suddenly ho ran against his brig
ade on picket duty. He was very much
angerod.
" Who put you tliero?' he shouted.
" Ho was answered that it was the or
dors from headquarters.
m " Well, by , my oraors are mat
you come back to camp. I'm not go
ing to have all tho picket duty of the
army put on my brigade. Come along!'
- " And suro enough, he led thorn back
to camp. .As soon as I heard of it I, of
oourse, ordered him under arrest. As
was the custom, he was simply ordered
to ride in the rear of his brigade. I
thought every thing was going off all
right, when suddenly an offioercame to
me and told me that we should have a
revolt in the army if I did not interfere.
I asked him what he meant, and he told
me that General Toombs was riding
along in the rear of his brigade and ex
horting the soldiers against the oppres
sion that - had been practiced toward
them and him. My informant said that
the soldiers were getting very restloss.
: " I ordered General Toombs back to
Gordonville. I kept him there a day or
two, when, having received a very hand
some letter from him, I ordered him to
the front again. He came as fast as his
horse could carry him. When he reach
ed us, General Leo and myself were to
gether consulting about the opening of
a battle, which was just then ponding.
A s Generat Toombs rode up and saluted,
I stated that I would take great pleasure
in sending a courier with orders restor
ing him to his command. He spoko up
rapidly, and said that as a charge was
imminent he would like to head it, and
hoped that he might be the bearer of
the orders himself.
" I, of course, assented. In a few
moments Toombs's brigade passed us,
hurrying to the charge, and Toombs fly
ing in the front like a comet, leading
them to tho assault. He was as dashing
a soldier as. ever went on the battle
field, and
fighter."
a hardy and impetuous
A Gliastly Joke on Water Drink
ers.
A Philadelphia telegram of tho 24th
ult. says: The water drunk by Phila
delphians will not be so palatable to
many to-morrow. On Christmas Day
last, Maggie Lutz, 18 years old, left her
paront's house, apparently for a visit to
a neighbor's house. She was attired in
a new print dress, and her hair was
neatly arranged and clasped by a rib
bon. At night she had not returned,
and the alarmed household searched for
her vainly that night and tho succeed
ing days, and her fate, until yesterday,
offered food forjspeculatious more or less
ghastly and anxious. About 11 o'clock
this morning two young men, taking a
stroll along the walk skirting the
reservoir, saw what they presumed was
a dead animal of some sort floating near
the south face of the eastern basin. They
informed the Superintendent, whose lit
tle watch-house surmounts the center of
the wall dividing the east and west
basins. He procured a scoop-net, and
made several lunges at the object, until,
with a more vigorous effort, it sank and
reappeared with abound, disclosing the,
upturned face of a young girl, whose
form was neatly attired. With assist
ance the body was taken out, and, all
dripping, removed to the Twenty-second
District Station-house. The many pe
destrians who, passing by, beheld the
policeman's burden, soon spread the
tidings like wildfire. Some of Magis
trate Lutz's relatives visited the station
tion house, identified the body as that
of the long-lost wanderer, and it was re
moved to her former home. Hundreds
, THE SILVER VICTORY.
From the Chicago Tribune.
After several months of the most thorough
and exhaustive discussion of the silver que
tlon, after an unparalleled preiuure brought
to bear upon Congress by the money power
of the nation, and In spite of the declared
opposition of the most Influential members
oi the Administration, the main principle of
remonotlzation of the old silver dollar, giv
ing it a full legal-tomler function for all
debts, public and private, has been decided
affirmatively by more than two-thirds ma
jority In both houses of Congress. The
struggle has boen long and bitter, and the
result Is a notable triumph of the popular
will over the desperate resistance of the
money-lenders of tho country at largo over
two or three moncy-emtors. It has at no
time been a party question, slnco members
of both political organizations have been
ranged on cither side. If regarded section
ally, then the result Is a fair triumph of at
least thlrty-threo States over five, for only
New York, Mew Jersey, Masaohusett,Con
nectlcut, and Vermont van' bo counted aa
against sliver. It regarded from a popular
point of view, remonetlzation waa demand
ed by at lenst ten to one of tho voting popu
lation of the United States. So far, then,
the Congressional Indorsement of the prin
ciple Is In accord with every theory of pop
ular government.
The story of this legislation may bo briefly
told, though the discussion has extended
over a period of many mouths. The double
standard was abandoned by s revision of the
Coinage set of 1H73 which was made in 1874.
It was so clandestinely accomplished that it
was uot till two years later that it became
grnomlly known that the monetary system
of the country had been radically changed.
Moanwhlia many persons who had boon
members of Congress, and many others
otiioially connected with the Government,
were profoundly ignorant of what had been
done. As soon as it became evident to the
country that this legislation, in connection
with the Resumption act, was forcing; a fu
tllo but'disastrous effort to resume specie
payments In gold alone, there was an instan
taneous and universal cry of " Haiti" The
first step to take waa the restoration
Lot the old ' money standard, to the
abandonment ' of which., the peopio
hnd never consented.' Mr. Bland, of
Missouri, introduced a brief and simple bill
as long ago as last spring to restore the silver
dollar and provide for free coinage thereof
on t he same terms and conditions as the gold
dollar; this bill failed for laukot time before
tho expiration of the session. At the begin
ning of the new Congress, a bill similar in
terms was reported by tho House Committee
on Banking and Currency and has been
known by court oy na the Bland bill. It
passed the I louso by more than three-fourths
majority. In tho Senate the bill was so
amendod as to eliminate the provision for
free coinage, limit tho oolnage of silver dol
lars to WWO.OOO a month, secure to the Gov
ernment any profit that may accrue from the
purchase and coinage of silver, and provide
an appropriation for an International Com
mission to urgo the general adoption of the
double standard. It Is this bill, adopted in
the Senate after an abld and elaborate dis
cussion of several mouths, In which the
House has now concurred.
Tho bill now passed recolved an actual
vote of 48 yeas to 21 nays In tne Sennto, or
more than two-thirds, and, allowing for the
known sentiments of the absent Senators, a
full vote would have boen 62 yeas to 24
nays also more than tw-tlilrds. The vote
by which the House refused to table the bill
as It came from the Senate (which was the
test vote) was 204 nays to 72 yeas, which was
nearly a throe-fourths vote in favor of the
bill. If all tho absentees (41) would have
voted against the bill, which is absurd to
maintain, there would still have been more
than two-thirds majority for It. The bill
was accepted by the House, not because It
Ib satisfactory in its details to the silver
men, but becauso it provides a legal ac
knowledgment of the doublo standard, and
furnishes a basis for making this double
standard fully operative by .future legisla
tion. An analysis of tho vote in the House shows
that, of the 72 votes cast against it, 60 were
Republicans and 22 were Democrats. Among
these thero were only three Western mem
bors Garfield of Ohio, and Stewart of Min
nesota, Republicans, and Williams, Demo
crat, from Michigan. Thero were eight
votes from the South against the bill, viz.:
Bisbee, Republican, of Florida, Gibson and
Leonard of Louisiana, Jorgensen of Virgin
la, Metcalf of Missouri, Schleicher of Texas,
Swan n of Maryland, and Williams of Dela
ware. Of all tho votes against the bill. New
York furnlshod 14 Republicans and 10 Dem
ocrats, Massachusetts 8 Republicans and 1
Democrat, Pennsylvania 1. Republicans
and 1 Democrat, New Jersey 8
Republicans lond 3 Democrats, Ver
mont 8 Republicans, and Maine 4
Republicans. The extreme ' Inflationists,
under the lead of Springer, of Illinois, and
Ewlng, of Ohio, developed very little
strength in their effort to oppose the bill on
account of Its shortcomings, and this en
courages the belief that, if the bill be per
mitted to promptly become a law under the
sanction of the President, tho Grcenbackers
will be powerless to carry through their pet
schemes of an unconditional repeal of the
Resumption act, and the substitution of
greenback for National-bank notes.
But if the President interpose his veto, and
the veto shall have the eflect of preventing
the bill from becoming a law, or even the
effect of occasioning an Indefinite and
hazardous postponement of s final settle
ment of the question, no man can foretell
the extreme lengths to which natural resent
ment and Justiliable Indignation will drive
the representatives of the people.
The personal sentiments of the President
on the silver question have long been
known, but it should now be seriously con
sidered byhim whether he has a moral right
to place himself in opposition to the people
after It has been absolutely demonstrated
that they are represented in this question
by more than two-third in both houses of
Congress. If the original vote were less
than two-thirds, and it were a matter of
doubt whether the requisite constitutional
majority could be obtained to prevail
over tne veto, me rresiurm
might Justify himself In "sing
his Drcroirative. If prepared to give eonstitu-
I tional reasons for doing so. But the two
I thirds vote has already been cast; it is not
possible that the President can urge any
! reasons, constitutional or otherwise, that
have not already been ably presenUsd and
! overridden; and to InUrpose his veto un-
der these conditions will be to afsume the
! personal responsfbllltv for all the expense,
! disturbance and anxiety Incident to the un
I necessary delay a veto will occasion. It I a
i responsibility which no one man should be
i willingto take upon himself.
; The Virginia City (Nevada) Chief of
' 1 V. i 1 aIuhmH with
having liberated a Chinaman ia his cus
tody on the charge of murder and put a
paid Chinese substitute ia the place of
the prisoner. The substitute was dis
covered by a relative of the man mur
dered by the prisoner, the latter having
been fully identified by the same maa
! at the tlrc c: tlx "'rrr..

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