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I. H. JULIAN, Editor.
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY. ITEMS OF INTEREST. Peraunal and Literary. Brain and Truth are among the strange names for London newspapers. Neither of thorn pay. The Lancet does better. Miss Emma Abbott will make her first appearance in America in the char acter of Marguerite, in Faust, with the Hess Opera Company, at the Park The ater, Brooklyn, September 17. The writings of Saxe Holm," are thought by the Editor's Table, in the September 8unday Afternoon, to be by two people ; the stories by Mrs. Lucia 6. Runkle, and the poems by Mrs Helen Hunt Jackson. According to theLeipsio catalogues sixteen thousand four hundred and seventy-three works were published in Germany during the year 1877. This is two thousand more than the average of the last eight years. Mr. R. B. Browning, the son of the two poets, is a not unskillful painter of ideal subjects. He has in the Royal Academy a picture of a Brass Worker an old man hammering on a metal plaque which has much merit. Charles Barnard, who edits " The World's Work " in Scribnet's Monthly, has just returned from the Paris expo sition. He reports that in novelties of material progress the Exposition is far inferior to the exhibit of .1876 in Phila delphia. ' , A London paper says: Bayard Tay lor has found a place in the affections of the Germans already. He pats the girls on the head, "talks Dutch " to the old women, and sits in eventide with the men, and hoarsely calls out "Waiter! s'more lager." : , Ralph Waldo Emerson has been seen in the streets of Boston in a shocking bad hat. He delights in old book-shops. In them he is perfectly at home; but, when he wants to buy any ordinary arti cle, he has a young friend in the city who does his errands, for he is not good at trading. Thackeray, when speaking about fame, would frequently tell the follow ing anecdote : " When at dinner in St. Louis one day, he heard one waiter say to another, Do you know who that isP' 4 No; was the answer. That is the cel ebrated Mr. Thackeray.' 'What's he done?' 'Blessed if I know,' was the reply-" ' 8cieace and Industry. Water absorbs its own volume of carbonic acid gas. A strong glue is produced by adding powdered chalk to common glue. There is in the Paris Exhibition an apparatus for cooking by means of the heat of the sun. The '25,000 flouring-mills of the United States turn out annually 50,000, 000 barrels of flour, 4,000,00,0 barrels of which ' are exported. The annual wages paid to employees amount to $20, 000,000. Last year 27,000,000 pounds of to bacco and nearly 2,000,000,000 of cigars were smoked, snuffed, and chewed in this country, an increase of about 8,000, 00 pounds of tobacco and 50,000,000 cigars as compared with the year pre vious. In a perfectly dry atmosphere the durability of wood is almost unlimited. Rafters of roofs are known to have ex isted 1,000 years, and piles submerged in freshwater have been found perfectly sound 800 years from the period of their being driven. A number of unemployed young men in San Francisco have combined to establish a laundry in opposition to the Chinese, who make laundry keeping one of their chief industries. Some unoccu pied publio buildings have been offered them by the Common Council without charge for their experiment. New openings for American prod ucts turn up every day. The Pennsyl vania coal companies send coal to Italy and sell it with profit at several dollars less per ton than is paid by the Italian iron founders for English coke, 200,000 bushels of which are sent each year to Mediterranean ports. Watermelons are looming up in the near future as an important American product. It is said that experiments in California have shown that sugar can be extracted from the melons at a cost of two cents per pound less than sugar cane. Besides this, oil is made from the seed and alcohol from the rind. One of the most valuable and en couraging triumphs of our exhibitors at the Paris Exposition, as that achieved y the paper manufacturers. There are 27 American exhibitors in this line, 25 of whom have received awards, and they uave won four out of five of the gold medals. The world's prize for fine Jriting paper was awarded to Byron W eston of Massachusetts. . The result ill doubtless open up to our paper "Miuacturera throughout the country uu-ge ana valuable foreign trade. Messrs. Eberstein. of Dresden. Sax. ony, have invented a walking-stick for naturalists and tourist. The handle contains compass, microscope and whistle, beneath is a thermometer on ope side and sand glass on the other, jo a measure. Near the end is a knife "We, which, when opened, will serve clip off plant which are beyond ch by hand. At the extreme end is spade (for botanists), a hammer ffor fKdogfcta), or a hatchet (for glacier unbers). A hollow is the stick is for a bottle containing ether for killing cu rious insects. ' ' School and Church. Mr. W. W. Corcoran, of Washing ton, has added to his many generous be quests to the University of Virginia one of $50,000 to endow a new chair of Natural History. The World's Convention of the Young Men's Christian Association at Geneva, Switzerland, is reported to be successful, and more than well attended by delegates from America and the Christian nations of Europe. t The Bishop of Mauchester,England, rebukes the clergymen who marry when they have not "livings" that give them a fair support. He says that many clergymen do not have meat as often as farm-hands, and are glad to get cast-off clothing. The oldest minister in the world is believed to be the Rev. Dr. Ingram, of Unst Free Church, Shetland. He is over 100 years old. He has always been a total-abstinence man, and is said never to have tasted intoxicating drink. He has a son who has been 40 years in the ministry. The Rev. Dr. Lyman Coleman, of Lafayette College, at Easton, Pa., is be lieved to be the oldest college professor In active service in America. He was graduated at Yale in 1817, and is now in his eighty-third year. With the excep tion of seven years employed in preach ing, he has spent all his active life in teaching. He has traveled at intervals j Ki. i i i uuu wriLieu several uuutu). The Established Church of Scotland in England is declining, and will soon cease to have any existence. Its com municants in London number only about 200, while those of the English Presby terian Church number . 10,000. Dr. Cumming had only between 90 and 100 persons hearing him on a late Sunday moraine:, and vet he preacnes witn mucn of his wonted eloquence and vigor. The translation of the Bible into the language of the Dakotas has been com pleted. Dr. Riggs, the venerable trans lator, writes from Constantinople that the preparation of the Turkish Bible for the press is at last finished. The Old Testament is printed both in the Arme nian and the Arabic characters as far as Isaiah ; the New Testament is already printed, and it is expected that the whole Bible, in both characters, will be published in September. Foreign Notes. Lady Carrington, one of the rich est brides of the day, started on her wedding-tour in a simple print gown. In the coming; autumn several pil grimages are expected at the Vatican from France, Spain, Austria, and Bel gium. From Spain the Alfonsists and Carlists will go in two separate bodies. A leading Bristol paper contains this week the following advertisement by a well known hairdresser there : " The comb used by the Prince of Wales last Friday is for sale. Apply to ." The Berlin police have been obliged to interfere to save the lime tree in Un-ter-den-Linden, pierced by some of No- Dling'S snots, irom oaiDgtorn iu pieces by relic hunters. It is now enolosed by an iron grating. . ' Princess Louise, now Vice Queen of Canada, is described as a woman of strong character and decided will. She has an intelligent and determined face, which suggests her mother's. She is very cultivated in literature and art, and pleasant in her manners. Mile. Dodu, a young telegraph op erator, who distinguished herself during the Franco-German war by an act of courage and devotion, has been decorat ed with the Cross of the Legion of Hon or. Shut up in a chamber through which the telegraph wires conveying dispatch es to the German army passed, she de stroyed the connection at the risk of her life. There are some people who grow more proud and exacting when fortune shows a disposition to frown. Patti is one of them. Overtures have just been made to her to sing dunng the next op era season at St. Petersburg. The sala ry offered is $2,500 a night, witn iiDerty to sing as many nights as she pleases during the course of the season. To this offer the prima donna has sent her an swer. She will not let the St. Peters burg public hear her voice under $4,000 a night. Neither side has given way.so Patti has taken a house in Wales. Bap and Mishaps. At Kokomo, Ind., Mrs. John John wiu fatal lv burned while endeavoring to kindle a fire with kero sene. Near Marion, Ind., a child of John Webster fell against a board and stuck a splinter into the brain through the right eye, causing fatal injuries. . . Tarn Krtr. and two crirls. children of Jacob Stiellle and Fred. Schwark, while bathing in JAKe aticnigan.six muea weav of Michigan City, Ind., were drowned. The house of Richard Tomer, a farmer living near Waseca, Minn., burned to the ground. Mr. Tomer, and a neighbor's child 10 years of age, stay ing in the house, were suffocated in the flames. Seventeen threshers at work upon the farm of John Miller, west of Urbana, O.. were poisoned by eating of pork sup- . a - a . A witl, n V filar. posed to nave oeen mkiw It was thought all would recover. At Lavorte, Ind., the wife of Albert Hudson attempted to commit suicide. Her husband married her because be thought she was rich, and a week after ward, finding that she had no property, be began to maltreat her, which drove ber to desperation. Near McCoBnellsTine, the wife of Samuel Thompson, during a period of temporary insanity, as is supposed, out her infant's throat with a butcher-knife and then attempted to take her own life in the same manner. There were slight hopes of her recovery. Odds and Ends la Bhyuie. To many a sohoolboy's tend delight, Now comas the fe.tlve apple green; Her early puts soma out of sight The pain begins at 8 MS. -Oil City Derrick. The doctor eame at hall-past nine, And gently dealt htm castor-oU; The patient said he muatdeoltne, For (ear It might the apples spoil. Chicago Tribune, The huckleberry days have oome, The blackest of the year, When every face Is dark with stains And smeared from ear to ear; When fair Mallnda quaffs the fruit And then, with fondness rash, Pops her Augustus on the mouth '' And soils his pluk mustache. HI. Louie Journal. The man who takes a bitter pill, 1 A wry face clearly shows; But he who lingers at the still, Will soon show a wry nose. And If he roads while lie imbibes, ' And knowledge tills his head, Himself and nose, like learned scribes. Will both soon be well-read. If. J. Republican. " Of all the poets, darling one, Who've rhapsodized of lovo, Which one evokes your ardent praise, All other bards above?" And as he took her In his arms And kissed ber o'er and o'er, She spake in tones of ecstacy, "O, Tommy, give me Moore?' Yonkert Gazette. Upon the geeensward with my most adored, I sat, and we whispered ourlove, While the sweet little birds repeated our words In the great drooping willow above. A modest surprise beamed out of her eyes - As I pressed her dear form to my breast When dropped from the wilier a big cater plller Down her neck I Just Imagine the rest I . Puck. " What Is the difference," said she, " Between the moon and you?" " I can not tell , my treasured one," Said he, with Interest new. ; , . He gave it up and queried what; ,. She answered, sparkling bright, " The moon gets full but once a month, 1 But you do every night." , Boston Traveller Who ever read a swallow tale, Or wore a coat ef arms? , Who ever saw the water pale Or gave great falls alarm? Who? Who ever rode a wild saw horse? Or ever heard sand's tone? Who ever saw the sun's rays course, Or heard a pane full grown? Phew I Backeneack Republican. There is no picnlo ant, however lowly, That for a livelihood must toll and beg, But lifts the largest man up, grandly, slowly, When it goes browsing up his trowsers leg. There Is not a little bee, however humble, That gathers summer's sweets for winter's store, But has, by prodding with his tiny bumble, Made great men writhe and howl and groan and swore. Bawkeye. A Busy, Brief Life. Eight years ago, in a small city on the upper Wabash, one of the present Com monwealth staff was accostomed to see daily, passing to and from his employ ment, a section repairer of the railway telegraph line. He was a young man, twenty-four years of age, of quiet habits and unobtrusive manner, and apparent ly with a plodding and uneventful career before him. And yet, within this brief period, his pen supplied the English reading world with the com pletest and most graphic news of all the great events making the current history of the civilized globe, and won him aa enviable reputation on two con tinents. During this eight years he crossed the desert of Khiva, chronicle the bloody deeds of the French Commune, endured the hardships of a Polar expedition, post ed the world on the Carlist campaign, braved the terrors of the Asiatic desert, followed the victorious Russians from battle to battle, portrayed the unspeak able horrors of the Bulgarian massacres, crossed the Balkans with Ghourko, was in the front at Shipka Pass, wrote the well remembered account of the strug gle over the Gravitcha redoubts, saw the fall of Plevna, accompanied the Russians to Canstantinople and there surrendered his young life, a victim to disease. His experience in Khiva he preserved to the world, in a volume un der the title of "Campaigning in the Oxus," while his adventures with the North Polar expedition are embodied in a book entitled "Under the Northern Lights." ... The hero of this busy, brief life was Mr. John A. McGahan, newspaper cor respondent, and at his death, was cor respondent of the New York Herald and London . Daily Newt.Topeka Commonwealth. A Business-like Epitaph. In one of the churches of London is said to be an epitaph quite as utilitarian as that famous one in a Paris cemetery which states that the widow of the late Mniuionr y mrill narrv on the busi ness at the old stand." The Londoner is even more business-like in his gnei, announcing to the world his loss in the u -nrH. Hera lies Sarah iviiu ww i wa u Smithere, the loved wife of Thomas S mi there, marble cutter. This monu m..i orwt! hv her husband as a tribute to her memory and a specimen ... . - I . 1 - Of his ait. Monuments OI iue aauie njm Vnr tha find, time since the Franco- rnpm.n war tinmhftr of German offi- cen wui uw uictcu. a neuvers of the French army on the in vitation of the French Government. 1 1 " a. Ik. .ntnmn tna E-nn.li nffinara Kara been aUe&dins? Gef man army maneuvers for several jean. rw Ann. V. Flaker. lalelv retorned ' from medical study in Europe, has been i appointed lecturer of diseases of cb.il 1 dren at the Boston University Medical , School. A Bashful Yoinf Kan. This morning a strong, healthy-looking young man entered the County Clerk's office and gazed respectfully around. Harry Thomson, the chief deputy, stepped up and blandly inquired of the stranger if he wished any busi ness transacted. The young man when spoken to start ed back as though dreading an assault, but he soon reoovered himself and said in a whisper: " Yes, sir I called to see I want to have a little talk how much is it, any howP" He had a soft cloth hat in his hand, and kept turning and twisting it about as he spoke ; his face had grown terribly red, and big drops of perspiration were standing on his brow. ' "What is it you want f" asked the Clerk.: . . . The man looked at him pleadingly, but struggled in vain for utterance. His eyes bulged out, his face grew redder, and the veins in his neck and on his forehead swelled till they looked like great knotted cords. He twisted the hat convulsively, and then straightened it out again, and then he pulled the new lining out of it, and dropped it on the floor. Then be picked it up all dusty from the floor and wiped his steaming face, leaving a dirty streak after eaoh wipe. Finally, it seemed as though the Eoor young man had quite recovered imself , for he looked cheerfully around the room, and . then turning to Mr Thompson, remarked in a pleasant and confidential tone: , Well, it is real warm for this ' sec tion, isn't it P". ., . I . "Very warm, indeed," replied Mr. Thompson t " 1 ; " "It is a : good' deal - hotter than we have It down in tlje valley,: and somehow I've always had just the other notion about it that the higher up you got the oooler " ' " 4 ' '-; 'i , "Yes, 11 said Mr. Thompson,' fbut about that business of yours PVt :i ! Another fiery blush that looked as if it would scorch the collar off hia neok followed this remark, but the stranger held up bravely.- He leaned on the desk in an easy careless sort of way, and be gan to toy with a mucilage brush. " The fact of the matter is that I want ed to " . i Here he paused again and meditative ly jammed the muoilage brush into the ink-Btand. " What the devil are you doing with that brush?" asked the clerk somewhat impatiently. I " Oh, by George excuse me!" stam mered the man as he withdrew the brush, spattering the ink all over the clerk's shirt bosom, and, as if it had been- mo lasses dripping from his fingers, thrust the brush into his mouth, daubing him self with ink and mucilage, and then bolted from the office. "' " That's about the worst case I have seen," remarked Mr. Thompson, as he wiped a big ink-spot from the starboard side of his Roman nose. " Crazv as a bedbug." said Alderman Orndorf. who had been an interested speotator of the whole scene. "You ought to send a policeman after that man." " No. he's not exactly crazy," replied Thompson ; " I knew from the start that he wanted a marriage license, and I thought I'd have a little quiet fun, but he's broke the line now and gone on with the hook." Vrgma (Nev.) Chronide. A Big-Headed Boy. AlViArt. Pacta ia t.hn name of a remarkable boy, who lives with his mother in a small frame house a short distance south of Lakeport, N. Y., a lit- t.la hum Int. nanr Onnida Lake. He will be fourteen years old on the fifteenth day oi January, ioi, ana is ponooinr xuim ri nrif h t.hn arnnntinn of his head, which is of enormous size. It measures twenty- eight inches in circumierence, eievuu inches from the front to the back, nine inches across, eighteen and a half inches from ear to ear, over. The forehead is four and one-half inches nign and tne face ten and one-half inches long. The head, which is twice as large as that of the average person, is covered with Klanlr haii A nnt.hnr nitlimlftritV is the uiima ....... " eyes; they are inverted, and he can on ly looK up. tie can not e nuy tuiug below the level of his eyes. The lid that tha ave. instead of being the upper one, as is generally the case, is tne lower one. ine raw uuiij f ij senta no unusual appearance. The boy is five feet one inch in height,and weighs aDOUl eignty pounus. no iu feotly healthy condition, and eaU regu larly and in large quantities. After each meal ne smoaes, auu wuuiu p.,uu w habit continually were he allowed to do mr. ia was thrna veara old before he could raise bis head, and five years old before ne couia stana on uis iocu. nuu kU infannv nntil nearlv six VeaTS old he was almost a skeleton in form, but now he is nearly as well deveiopea as an or hnv nf M aim. In oonseouenos of the strange position of hia eyes, he has never oeen aDie to acumro . iwuuii . . . . . i I . . n . L. 1 nri rirtaa nnx Know ids i ei Lei n ui iuo m- ni.M H la. however, auite apt. and is quick to catch the meaning of any thing spoken Wlinin nia nearuiK, wa not express nin.se u, auu, wihuuij his mother what to say. His bead, which is very heavy, increases in dimensions she advances in age; and when he reaches maturity will prooawy oe one half larger than at present. Here is an opportunity for an enterprising show- twnmhl. akirta of red flannel ana made of aerre or Quaker flannel, and P..- . a . a have side plaiting eogea wiui narrow torcboa lac. This plaiting is set up about aa inch from tM bottom of the skirl. . ; Uncle Remni as a Hirderer. Unole Remus met officer Jarrel on Broad Street yesterday. ' " You ain't hear talk er no dead nig ger nowhar dis mawnin', is you Mars . Willis P" asked the old man earnestly. " No," replied the polioeman reflect ively. No, I belleve not. Have you heard of any P" " 'Pears unto me dat I come mighty nigh gittin' some news 'bout dat size, and dat's w'at I'm a huntin' fer.' Bekase ef dey is foun' a stray nigger layin' 'roun' loose wid 'is bref gone, den I wanter go home an' git my brekfus, an1 put on urn clean oloze, an' 'liver myse'f up tor wunner dese yer jestesses er do peace, an' git a fa'r trial." "Why, have you killed any bodyP" "Dats w'at I'm a'quirin' into now, but I wouldn't-be sustonished ef I ain't laid a nigger out somew'eres on de sub burbs. Hit's done got so it's agin de law fer tor bus' looso an' kill a nigger, ain't it, Mars Willis P' , , "Well, I should say so. You don't mean to tell me that vou have killed a colored man, do youP" "1 spec-1 is. Mars Willis. I spec' I done gone, an' done it dis time, sho. Hit's bin sorter gro win' on me, an' it oome to a head dis mawnin' 'less my name ain't Remus, an' dat's w'at dey bin er callln' me senoe I wuaole er nun fer tor scratch myse'f wid my let' han'." " well, if you've ruled a man, you'll have some fun, sure enough. How was ItP" ' . "Hit wuz dis way. Mars Willis: I wus layin' in my bed dis mawnin' sorter rumenatin' 'roun', when de fus news I know'd I hear a f u s 'mong da chick ens, an' den my brissels nz.yl done had lots er troubble wid ' dem chickens, an' w'en I hears wun un urn Sonawl my ve'y shoes cum ontied.' 1 So I aea sorter riz up an' retch fer my ole niuskit, an' I crone, out er, de back- doV an, w'atter you reckin I seedP" , " I couldn't say." t " I seed the biggest! blackest nigger dat you ever laid eyes on, Ha shined like de paint on 'im wuz fresh,. ' He hed done grabbed fo'er my forwarde pul lets. Icrope up nigh dq do', an' hol lered an' axed 'im how he wuz a gittin' on, an' den he broke, an' ez he broke I jammed de gun in de small er his baek and banged aloose. He let a yell like forty yallar oats a courtin', and den he broke, xou never seed no nigger nump hisse'f like dat nigger did. He tore down de well shelter and fo' pannils er fence an' de groun' look like wunner doze yer harrycanes had lit dar and fanned up de earf." ' Why, i thought you anieo nimr" " He bleedzed ter be dead, Mars Wil lis. Didn't I put de gun right on to 'imP I could feel 'im give way w'en she went off"." " Was the gun loadedP" " Dat's w'at mv ole 'oman sav. She had de powder in dar sho, but I disre member wedder I put de buckshot in, er wedder I lef ' urn out. Leas' ways, I'm a gwineter call on wunner deze yer jestisses. ' So-long, Mars Willis." At lanta UonsMunon. Swimming for Girls. Tha miblin are continually reminded rt f ha tinmornna nnnt.rivA.nnAA. ftnnnnrts. stays, shoulderstraps, etc, and the va rious exercises that are nest caicuiatea to prevent round shoulders, a stooping anrkward trait, nnntrantad chests, and so fourth; but perhaps there is no kind of exercise lor giris more caicuiatea to attain those desirable objects than that nt amrimmintr. Dunne tha ant of swim ming the head is thrown back, the chest. well forward, while tne thoracic ana re spiratory muscles are in strong action, auu uu.u win 1 r" vw ties are in full play. Indeed, in a healtn point oi new, temaies wouia oi ten have an advantage over the strong or mt. un. owing to the larva amount of adipose tissue covering their muscles. and the comparative smaiiness ana lightness of their bones, they not only have greater powers of flotation than men, but, as a rule, can continue much longer in the water. They are, there fore, naturally qualified to become good swimmers; and Mr. Macgregor men tions that out of a class of thirty girls, whose instruction oommencea iaie ,ias. season, twenty-five were taught to swim in six lessons, and sir of them won prizes. It is to be nopeo, tnereiore. that girls will not M aeoarrea irom learning this graceful and healthful ao nmnliihtiiii. ait.tiar thrniiah lack of baths or of teachers. Such a practice . 1 a H 1 M -. .L ua... 18 particularly caneu iur a uib prnmu. day, as a set-off against the " girls of the period" to indulge in those literary and sedentary pursuits which are any thing but favoi able to the development of a healthy physique. Medioal Prtsl and Circular. Some time ago the ex-Empress Eu genie won an action she brought on the score of libel against several Paris pa pers. Her ton ia now as successful against the Biecle, which, having been adjudged guilty of insinuating that the Bonapartes had appropriated Crown property, was ordered to pay 400, but presented a bill of exceptions, to the ef th.. tha nlaWift kail aammed a false name Napoleon instead of Bona parte and the title of Prince, whereas UN SUUUW oarctuwi; - f- the forfeiture of the dynasty. But tha Court rejected this plea, and the SierU has to pay tne nae ana uuwt turn juug ment in tea newspapers. Filled Pxrrxa.. Cut the lids off two doxea large FT per. 1 001 ds and soak in salt water over night; slice fin a cabbage, mix with it 1 ounce whit mustard-teed and 1 ounce cloves, fill the peppers and tie the lid on ; cover with cold boiled cider vinegar.