Newspaper Page Text
PI ! ! ClllttHTM.it ASU Vl l'll. Ring, Chriatnua chimea, rlnf merrily 1 Your muaio eeeme to ear "lieatir youreeleea rlh eheerllr To welcome Cnrielmaa Day. Hurrah ! hurrah for Chri.tiueal Hhout. hapur firto mJ boye Hurrab! hurrah for (Jhrialroael And all hie aocial Jove. Leave wrinklud care foraaken While C'hriatniae ruignaun carta ; let aonif and Hence awaken The aiiirit of beaming mirth. Hind fut the laurel almiiug In leafy, dark array; U't HiiKura del't be twining Featoona and garlanila ((ay S Make tiaate and bring the bully, Adorned with bunion red, Now ia the time for Folly To turu dear Wiwloin'a bead Fur old ami yuung- together Are brimming oer with fun, And everybody clever, And woudruua thing are dons. Bold youth. lmwtuoue ruahee lieni-ath the imeilctoe With lauding K'rla, whneo bluahea Ho awiftly come aud go; Tho atolen kiaeee are pluaiiuree Aa ewuet aa eweet can be Who would notateal auch troamroa When every thief oea f roe ? Except, iierulianoe, when wily Don Cupid take bin aim At youthful bcarta, and alyly 1'luya out hia naughty gAme. O, tnen I ween the Iokkch Of wounded aud of "lain Ennuru moro claape and croaaea Tlian warriora e'er obtain. While manhmid'a form dixcloaca Tlie Klury "f "0"nj While maiiieu'a oheelca have roaoa Outrivnling thoao of June; Come eiuiahiuo or oume ahadowa, Come f rot or Hummer' glow, Kir Cupid apee.la hi arrowa From lii atro' g. unerring bow; And while tlin (slum ' are ringing To bring old ChrUtmas in, Love to Inmwlf ia ainging "Mv chimia will aoon begin." The ChrUtmua bell reminds ua, In muaio blithe and clear. How Timo bat almied behind ua Witti every circling year; Hut bridal bulla huve voices Mcllifluoua in their tone, Anil mated lovo rejoices To cull them hia alono. THE C1IIUSTM.1S FESTIVAL. It It vIIiIhuk, Mornt ami Surlal Mynlfleanrr. Tho year is full of anniversaries. From tho Hint of January to tho last 4uy of December wo huvo annual festi vals and anuuul feasts, or days that (night bo so observed if wo commemo rated nil the events which took place upon them. Couturios ago, when these things were moro cured for than they re now, n goodly hotof fusts nud feastH buil to bo given up in consequence ol the interruption to lubor which their Constant recurrence occasioned. And Bow-a-ilays we observe but very few. The Christmas festival commemorates pie birth of our Savior, and has been so Observed for more than twelve centuries. But it is important to notice thut the 5th of December is not to bo taken as the actual day of tho Nativity it sim ply commeinorutes thut event; tho actu al duy is unknown, and tho difference of Opinion on this subject is remarkable. A similar diversity of opinion prevails Bs to tho year. Tho early Christians placed the bap tism of Christ about tho beginning of the fifteenth year of tho ltomuu Empe ror Tiberius, and hence, reckoning back thirty years, they placed his birth in the forty-third year of the Julian period, the forty-second of Augustus, aud the twenty-eighth after tho victory of Actinia. This opinion generally prevailed until the beginning of tho sixth century, when Diotiysirus Exiijns invented the present stylo. No less than ono hun dred and forty different opinions have been advanced as to tho exact year when tho event took pluce. Some of theso are preposterously absurd; others deserving of attention on account of their show of probability; but all of them open to tho criticism of chronolo gists. Tho taxing under Augustus, how flror, fixes the date within u eircum ajCtribed limit, and the precise yew is of no positive importance. The day of tho birth has offered an gport unity for a diversity of opinion which has placed it iu every month of tho yiur. The Egypt inn Christians hold that it fell in January, and accord ing to the new stylo of reckoning. lCus da which Mill adheres to the old etyle, has her Christmas festival in January. Wugcnseil insists on the birth having occurred in February ; llochart iu March : ftiul Hiivertl author., ipiotcd by Clement of Alexandria, iu April. Other learned men have placed it in May. Kpiphauiiis speak of Mmcho placed it in June. Mild of others who held that it happened in Jul-. W'ugeiiseil, not quite suro as U February Iwiiig the right month, Mtg gct that it Illicit be August, l.iuht foot plseo it n the loth of Scptemln r: Scaligcr mid other in IMoImt; others again in Xeniber; tin Iatin t linn h bi IKvctiiU r. At ouc ix-riHl the ."th of remili r di-clarvd t l the pr tX aiiui. rsitry, and th fi"st w m jnirl at rj.rn ou that tliy in the fbart h cvntury. Tli 2Mb of lW-mhT a at I. 'iCth ibvi.bsl to iC tin lppro-7ria,t- w-av.n f. tho auni vvrwry : atid. ttlitns-b M.rH!ia oLjvti-u may l" ui g.sl against thin boiug the real day, or even the actual month, the commem oration may m well bo observed then um at any other timo, especially us it him been recognized for ao long a period, und any chungo would only be from ouo doubtful day to another still moro doubtful. There woa, in tho days whoa Chris tianity was beginning to spread among the l'nguu nations of Europo, a desire on the part of luissiouunua to accommo date, in nil that wiih innocent aud unob jectionable, the now religion to the cus toms of tho people among whom tiiey preached. Whether or not they woro l....l.'lt,..1 J t elil-i it in iinnnMiaiirU fri 111- " ..... uuiro; thut they did ao ia on establislieil fact. It was tho practice among all idolatrous nations to celebrate the be .innimrof the vear with rejoicings in o W f lionor of their fablod deities. Logs were burnt und beasts were slain, nnd houses hung with evergreens. To yield up these practices was uncongenial to a semi-bui barons people, nlthongh they were ready enough to change their faith. To meet the predilections of these races, the Christmas festival might very well bo held iu December, und tho hospituli ty uud merry-making be still .allowed, though for a different object thnn thut for which they were originally estab lished. It needs 110 great antiquarian research to show that tho Yule log blazed m honor of Northern deities that the ivassuil bowl was quaffed in prauo of Wodin nnd Thor that the mistletoe was collected, cut down with a silver uiife by white-robed priests of heathen ism -that HciiiidinnviuiiH, and Anglo S ixons, und Druids, nnd ancient Ro mans, nnd Greeks, and Egyptians cele brated customs very similar to' Christ mas customs long before thcro was any Christinas festival to keep. Hence we lind a number of curious superstitions about Christmas and the Tew- Year superstitions which have iiad their origin in Paganism, though some of them hava been adopted, nnd, us it were, christened by the Church of the Middle Ages. Hamlet says: "Somp any Hint nevor 'Blnt that scoon romea Wherein our Savior'a birth la celebrated, Tho bird of diiwiiin;; xliiotb all night long: Ami ttioy nay no Hplrit Htlra abroad ; The night aru wholcaoino ; then no planets ntrlkp, No fairy tiitaw, no witch boa power to charm, Ho hallowed und no ifracloun 1b the time." It used to be asserted that lit Christ mas time not only was the cock "merry,", !mt the owl for twelve days was spright ly, and conducted itself after a fashion singularly nt variance with its usually exclusive habits. At twelve o'clock ou Christmas Eve all water was said to blush, and for a moment turn to wine; the bees in their hives were heard to iing; dumb animals were gifted with speech, nnd that, oxen knelt down iu adoration ; the dead trees put forth ten der buds of hope, and subterranean bells were heard singing sweetly and softly for tho birth of our Lord ! These quaint superstitions wero held with tenacity by many honest country folks, after they had been banished from the popular mind. It to averted that after tho alteration of the style, the ox en still persisted in udhering to the old Christmas Eve, and one good man went so far as to statu that ho had witnessed the two oldest oxen full upon their knees at twelve o'clock, and "make a cruel moan like Christian creatures." I'er- ; Imps if the good man had watched every ! night, he might huvo seen the same thing: tired oxen will rest themselves, ! and are not always silent. The Christina. superstitions already ; mentioned were not of riny baneful in fluence; but it was supposed that, in revenge for the restraint put upon them j I nn Cliristiniis iliiv. the Dowers of dark ' ness became afterwards the more rani iputit. Ohms Maguus, Metropolitan of : Sweden, declared that aluiut Christmas time there was a strange mutation of : 1 plained. men into animals, in the cold, northern oiuladiTTwill wear i ''hy 'Wt you see, w,Vo had so parts of the country; that in a certain ! vcsts 0(.tlv hk(, the gentleman's this . many ChriKtnii trees, nnd they arc to place, and on a certain night, then; wa j winter. When a married man goes to , be seen even where quite a Christmas a "utheriii" of a hugo iiinltitudo of 1 bed he will have to put a chalk ni.irk on forest that we thought a ship got up wolves, that wero chunked from men- j j'! v? ort rTrlV'V L-" ' iu the ort of 8 wonlJ ,Mi men w h had made , w of themselves "L S and i VJ ; nt Christmas and who, during that ' P,.r in the right hand pocket for a pinch , th"n ,ljc ,ir- Come, let s sec the (nnk nL'ht. ra-'ed with such fierceness against i of tine-cut and finds nothing but a piece ; its." mankind that the ,veople suffered more hurt from them than they ever did from "natural true wolves." The winter sea- miii in the north is very well known to be A.-v. -re enough to remlcr the wolves m U.ld iu theirdepreLitMUHa!i to bring thetu nenr. and even into the towns iu aetvii -f foiM: and this no doubt origi- U.iKsl th. fable At Chri-tina time, or ..n tin Evt? of the New Yt-ar.it was aim- poW iible for a nud Jen to summon, 1 . , , , 1 by vrrtain charms not hor o.n p-raoa alcbancs, whkh are ullowble witchery her fu'ire hii-Unl t lir aide; and disaial stories were told, with tragical cndingMui to what became of those presumptuous wenches who thus sought to find out before tho time who was coming to woo them. Another super stition took the form of requiring every "spinster" to finish the work upon her wheel before Christmas, lost nt her wed ding day her wheel slould follow her to church and twit her with idleness. She might, however, conjure down the sprite of tho wheel by Bpriukhng a little salt over it; for suit, in all superstitious prac tices, was held to triumph over every thing evil. It is curious to trace these supersti tions clinging around tho Christmas A 1 1... a. .! !,. ..Innutnrf f IfllflW tllttf. l' 7 'even superstition became subordinate to tho good influences of the season. Over everything, However auia. auu u..H- ons it was supposed to be, the great Christian fostivul wrought powerfully for good. Tho ancient hospitality was conduct ed on a niusrniflcent scale. There were ea open houses kept by all w 0 hal the wherewithal to givo ; the cooks mid turn spits had heavy work to do; and logs blazed bravely in the hall, where knight and squire, baron and bishop, serf and vassal, the traveler aud stranger, master nnd servant, sat down together nnd made merry. But thoro was always something in the feast to toll of its commemorative character. The carolers who sang of "comfort and joy dwelt on the events related in the Gospels or embodied in tradition ; the boar's head, tho Yule log, the evergreens, were nil supposed to be significant of Christian mystery; but most of all, nnd best of all, was the spir it of good-will and charity which pre vailed, nnd dealt an ampler lorgesso to tho poor on this than any other feast day. A St or H of Andrew Jackson. Tho keeper of a boarding-house here, when Andrew Jackson was president, waited on hira one day and complained that a Tennesseonn, who had been ap pointed by him to n clerkship in one of the departments, would not pay a board bill. "Get his note," said old Hickory, "for the full amount, interest included, pay able in sixty days, nnd bring it to mo." "That will be of no use," replied the boarding-house keeper, "for ho never pays his notes." "Do as I tell you, sir," said Jackson, and turned away. . Tho next day tho boarding-house keeper reappeared at tho White House and handed tho note to the president, tlo took it, read it, wrote "Andrew Jncl xon" across tho back in his well known autograph, nnd handed it back, saying : "Take that to the bank of the Metrop olis, and tell them for mo that nt its ma turity it will be paid by either the draw er or endorser. They will discount it for you." A few days afterwards the man who hud given the note met his creditor nud tauntingly said : "Well, I don't suppose you have been able to negotiate my paper?" "Yes," replied tho boarding-house keeper, "I had no trouble in getting it discounted at legal rates of interest." "Who in thunder is willing to dis count mv notes?" asked tho Tennes- seeun. U'ri.n l,onl- ni f1n Al olvnmilisi llix- I . , . , t, ; counted the one you gave me, upon the ; ., i; , . t ... it tha assurance that if you iliil not paj it the : iiiiIoiu.r U'ollkL 1 "But who would endorse my note?" , T 1 i 1 . t 1 "General Jackson, and he sent word to tho bank tllut if yon dia not j)ay the ! note he w ould. . , .... 1 1 It is hardly necessary to Bihl that the . ., : 1 1 .. ), ... i. note was promptly paid by the maker. ... .. . ( j-.....,,, ;,. luishtngton Letter to hutlou Jour-1 i f chewing-gum an; a stiil, of a Mil IJSrSJl'; ; dollar pnubacks'in the left hand ' pocket of his vest that is. if he ii nn editor, h.' will and ho will rush ba k home in Earns time a gem bcill- 1 "Sylvjxia' sends in nnig. Als! must we Kf K unoun r nean 1 . . .n.i .. t n- pn. ntit lnr.r V an. .fr,a, T m,lHi. We've rentwl mr uiariiuent for a numlwrof years, an J he roquirea all th fuel and rxerr men 01 wio-rr room iu ore cnjih uent. We'll give rou a rommcnd-; tion. though, if that" wUl help yon any. i Joliet III.) KrjUbUcan. ' ' THE CHRISTMAS SiiTT. A atom For Children. It was Chrittmoa time, and of course the Aubreys wero going to give a party a children's party. . And of all the festive gatherings I ever was at, I think, those at tho Grange, where the Aubreys lived, were without doubt the plensant- est. All sorts of merry gnines wero m oludod, ond a magio lantern with the most wonderful slides you can imugine; snap dragon and forfeits, nnd blinil man's buff, and hot boiled boans to music. The Joyces came, and the Beiininghums, nnd Leonards, and ever so mnuy more, including of course, Nod Gower, Tom Aubrey's school-fellow, who had no friends in town and must consequently have stopped away all the holidays if somebody had not asked him to visit the city. ' The preparations for tho party were, I think, almost as amusing as tho party itself; the sly business that was going on to get up little surprises I b then tho quito deligl: pleasant suggestions that wero offered iu debut 0 were a great deal more cheer ful than debutes held in another place, of which you will hour more as you grow up. When Tom arrived from school with Nod sly follow, Tom ho came iu the back way, crept iu at the laundry door, and created quite a surprise by his sudden appearance, when Tom arrived, he had his suggestion to offer, and he did it in such tine offhand style, that if it could not be recommended for imita tion on the score of elegance, was nt all events hearty. "A jolly Christmas ship," said Tom, "that's tho time o'day. How is it nono of you girls thought of that!" "How did you think of it yourself, Tom?" "Never you mind about that," Tom replied. "Salute the Admiral atten tion !" Ho pointed to Ned Gowor, a delicute looking, and yellow com plexioned lad, of whom I told you, and Ned, looking rathor shy, it must be owned, said : "It was I that thought of tho ship." "Bravo, Admiral I" "But where can we find the ship?" This from all the children in a breath. "I am the ship builder," said Ned, "and with Tom's help it looks almost as' handsome" he turned to cousin Jessie, who well deserved the compli ment, and added "as you." They all laughed at this, for tho lit tle fellow put it so oddly. But they were far more anxious to see tho ship than to listen to fino speeches. "Whore is tho ship?" "Where?" says Tom, "'in dry-dock, of course, waiting to be rigged as never yet a vessel has been rigged, that I have heard of. Come, look sharp. Jones." Jones was tho groom, stableman, nn-der-gardner, and what not ; he was out side in the passage with a great box on his shoulder grinning with good hu mor, knowing well the treasure that the box contained. . Admonishod to look sharp, ho left off grinning and brought in tho box, placed it on tho floor, took off the lid, and-brought out Oh ! enchanting sight I As fair a model of a ship as you could wish to see, bristling at every port-holo with can non ; light tapering masts and cross trees, a slender jib-boom, and every- thing just as in a real ship, with all the ' 1 tackling, taut and trim, aud every inch ' ;breezo. You may well imagine what rapture I J ..,?.. .. i the OTninco 01 tins snip exeite.i, ana 6 1 , ship builder. After a little while every- if ! body wanted to know why it should be , . J 1 called a Christmas hhip, and Tom es- ... r j Th.. gills had Wen thinkiug of Ret- j lfaP 'h-tmas tree and were ''l'ute prepared with showy little articles j with which to decorate the ship: but it : W1W to l, kept a profound secret from j papa. lit iiad been in the aca-fanng lin. an.l tin's m-niilil lw a rharminf nr- i prise to him. Jones had been rantion- ,n thl "ngular lonnula. dehvrcl by Tom. "Jone. keep dark;" and Jones, though Le flaxen -headed, had laid, ltrk I sm rimniT " i 1 ' pleasant work. dccoraUngj th ship with the trinkets suspending! . BULQnins them to every sail Ned called tbii "tacking" and altogether giving to the ship tho most extraordinary appearance you ever beheld in your life. It WM delightful to watoh how cautiously th work was dono, lest papa denominated the "enemy" for that time only should suddenly run down the faithful traitors. Consequently a man that U to say, a littlo girl was kept on tie look-out. But tho enemy did not veer in sight; there was indeed, at ono time a cry of, "Sail, hoi to windward," ex pressed in the unprofessional language of, "pa's coming down the garden ; but it turned out a falso alarm. Finally, the work was finished and stowed away under cover in the hack parlor. Honor bright I nobody to lift the cover, not even papa, till the word was given by Tom, who called himself "M. C," which might, as he remarked, bo taken for "Master of tho Ceremoni es," or "Merry Christmas." which ever you pleased. Then tho party time ar rived, and the Joyces came, and tho Leonards, and ever so many more. There was tea, of course, and there was great fun over it, and then Tom aud Ned disappenrd,. and nil was expecta tion. A shrill whistle a little flush comes upon papa's cheek, it sounds so like a boatswain's "Pipe, all hands;" then the doors they arc double door1:, you know fly open, and . there in all its glory, is the ship, with little blue lights blazing round it, and close beside it, in Jack Tar dress, is Ned. , Ned jerks his canvas ducks, pulls his forelock, and presents a letter to Mr. Aubrey, who is really surprised this time. But he opens the letter, and tears start to his eyes as he reads : Dear and Hoxoked Sib : Please ac cept my little ship ; it is not worth any thing, I know ; but making it I made it myself I have thought all along that you would be kind enough to take it from the friendless boy in the strange land, to whom you have been so kind. Ever, dear and honored sir, yours affec tionately, Ned Gower. Beforo them all Aubrey lifted the young gentlemen, in his sailor trim, right up in his strong arms nnd kissed him ; and then he thanked him, nnd claimed him for a brother seaman, and they all shouted till tho drops in the chandeliers trembled, and seemed to ring a fairy peal on their account. And this was how I first saw a Christ mas ship. It had "Gratitude" for its name ; nnd it was, ns I beforo remarked, the neatest, prettiest model you might wish to imitate. "A Frightful Example." "Twenty years ago," said tho passen ger with a red ribbon in his buttonhole, "I knew that man whom you saw get off at tho Inst station. Ho was a young mr.u of rare promise, a college graduate, a man of brilliant intellect and shrewd mercantile ability. Life dawned before him in all tho golden colors of fair . promise. He had some money when he left college. Ho invested it in busi ness, and his business prospered. He married a beautiful young girl, who bore him three lovely children" The sad-looking passenger, sitting on the wood-bos: "All nt ono time?" The red-ribbon passenger : "No; in bien nial instalments of one. No one dreamed that tho Poor-house would ever bo their, home. But in nn evil hour the young man yielded to the tempter. Ho began to drink beer. He liked it, and drank more. He drank, and encouraged others to drink. That was only fourteen years ago and he wa a pospcrous, wealthy mnn. To day, where is he ?" The clegyman in the front sent, solemnly: "A sot and beg gar." The red-ribbon man, disconso lately: "Oh, no; he is a member oj congress, and owns a brewery wortn $50,(100." Sometimes it will happen that way. KurllngUtn Hmrkeye. A iXEitov man's wife had impressed npon her littlo boy the necessity ejecting the skins of grapes, and W few davR afterward sho told bun )M wonderful storr of Jonah and w whah-. 'The whale is a very Urge mon ster.' said tho mother, 'and he (wallop ed Jonuh.' 'Did he swallow other men, too? asked the bov. 'WelL I nrTf he did,' continued the mother, who a little in doubt, and during ber heti tion a to the continuation of the 7j the boy interrupted, 'And did he ?pitu skins out, too, mamma?' . The post-office department has roW that a bnslwnd has no control over eorrsjondf nee of hia wife. I'D deeiMwi!l not prevent a can-Tin hi wife's letter aronnd inside pocket three week before ing it. Sorritto'rm Ucra'd. rupm iriim averv eroaa i.a. .4:. .