OCR Interpretation

San Marcos free press. (San Marcos, Tex.) 1877-1892, January 11, 1879, Image 3

Image and text provided by University of North Texas; Denton, TX

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86088181/1879-01-11/ed-1/seq-3/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Jt,ijpH' Vuttltk WlW Jan.
From tSo MUef cl lar-&Me JTT Tl
jbo managers ol the merchants ana
Banufaotnrerj excursion to Mexico lave
postponed the daj; for starting uatU the
aarlv part of January. 1 This notion is in
aoBohtance with $hq' urgent desire ptya,
...Vl- nf nromlnont bnsinrsi man of
this.dtynd other places,! who. based
tboir request fur toe postponement on
two grounds. ' In the first ; place,' busi-i
dobs wen will, during the next month,
be engaged 'In' taakiDgjup 'the; annual
bW sheet,: and Would likevj&give
the matter of bloshltipj tiie; gear's
transactions their 2 porfcmai fetteniwn.
In the second place, many seriously ob
ject to being in a foreign country dur
and iris
aunoal social pleasures incident to the
season. It a with' great 'reractknee that
tli4mauagaraof . the .expedition, .have
consented to he-change, or, the greund
that postponements 'are i-usually1 tfisas-1
trous to anything of the kind: 1 One
thing that will proveore. ssfytf$orj ,
to all parties conoernedwill be the op
portunity thus afforded tq inquire into
the true state of things i&Mexjoo, which1
Minister Foster's letter has called 'jjnto
question. Tberei ar0 indications; that
the Mexican government will take of
ficial notice of the communication, it
having been sen tj through the state de
partment, and the result may be graver
than the writer probably anticipated.
As to the advice to American merchants
on matters of commerce exclusively, the
other government has nothing to do, but
it appears that the Mexican cabinet may
see fit toTegard the general tone of the
letter as discourteous to the administra
tion of uffuirs in our sister republic. In
vie Of -tho tact that the government pi
the tlni'ted States has de&med improper
to recognize' the existence of "thepres
ent government of the republic of Mex
ico, the communication ia (regarded bs
vefy ill-advised by those" "inost familiar'
with existing, relations between tlio two
countries.' 'Thoro is one Jhing agreed,
howeverj that the loading officials anjd
business imeo) Mexico wiB sp$r nk
painslb outdo the . grand programme
determined ' upon for tho reception, of
the excuisiiJnfets. : The' precisb' 'date
that tho steamer will i'.Jeave Galveston
will be announced in a few days. It
will be between the 1b and 6th of Jan
uary, according to the convenience of
the line. -The exact date will be known
about month' ahead,: bo that all ' can
make their arrangements advisedly.!
.. ,v. . ,ii ... ... .... -! .... . "-l; -
' lA 'Silver 'Discovery.
Thor isr great excitement in Mason
county on account of the discovery of 'ik
rich silver ledge on the Perinales,about
two miles below the i faUs.oxbsairig., the
bottom of a deop canon otfiDri'Hachen''
berg's ranche. A few days ago" several
men with a teatflippeJJJjJ iolir village
and inquired for tho .owner pf this
ranche. In. their interview with J thd
Doctor they first proposed to(bny it.
But when they found tint it was not for
sale, they asked for a lease to grant them
the privilege to seek for minerals' oh the
land and to work, the same1 if they are
found. On close interrogation they said
they supposed there was silver on -the
place. The Dootor rather abruptlylold
them that as long as he Supposed there
was silver on tho place ho would put no
such restrictions on his lands, but if they
gave him positive proof that thore was
silver there,, he would negotiate with
them for theit discovery" They said if
a lease was grunted to the'rh', even on his
own terms; they wpuld take him to , the
place where the mine was? inTprder to
relieve his mindof all doubts. They
then stated that there were four persons
"connected by consanguinity oonoorn
ed in the discovery "of a silver ledge on
aid ranche! - tears ago., one ot thfc par
tyhis name I have forgotien--when
boy, fefl into the handsel Ihe. Comaij
ehes, and lived with them several year
Fourteen years ago he, with a party of
Comanches, took silver out of this ledge
and run it into balls. The youth fired
some of these balls into a tree close to
the tains as one of the maiks to design
nate the location. , He .made other pri
vate marks near the month of the ravine
for -the same purpose.'. This ledge , was
ear that Comanche trail raining over
the east end of Hackenberg's ranche,
towards the head of the falls of the Per
foalea. After this person left the Co
ranches he frequently attempted to find
the spot, but he did not succeed until
tour years ago, by the aid of his present
"ociates. It was known by many that
ing the I Ways : jverwoarpairijtea
toenjiy hii CbriBpas torkey nt hoipe.
nd small' matter to fbrero the
thore was a silver mino of extraordinary
Holiness on that mriof the
that had been 'worked Cv Melicatfs and
Indiftps, and more tUaonerpcrson was
wTToars in wngent searc or it. I oven
know - of an Austin banker that took
great interest in finding this ledire.
When these persons 'f bund tho ancient
mafka o the trees, Jib lede whs cosily
found. I New fiarks! were made afad' tko
lwlgo cjirefull cevti-cdwh eaitlnad
heavy stones. The Doctor, after having
hoard; this statement fran them, cava
thenV a lease to work the mine. He went
with, too of tueis,Jeeph It VnuRhan:
6ntftfP sdi
Vverjpiar,iM4 jiWHffthoso ancient
marts Iwu.uiowjj exposed lodge,
true to a word as thev stated. On ex-
aniinatioA iiwas' fohhd that tho lodge
S7lAUHPa. a ArMASL U 1ikHkV nulnn in ..n
- Tf ' v ir,VT r r" r? '
oblique eottrsbttiidKvas qply djacoveotfil
t. i.'i 11 1 f: ilH m .j j I
vj 11s cxpoBUTo-10 rne sunaee rronmne
hillside.) ..The lcdgeisdjbqbo.ibout
three feet wide) and although it has been
workedjo thedeptbj) several feetthey
hav nevar gone beyond iho depth of it.
The-silver -is mostly -in a eryslhlized
nietalio'stateC, and prononnoed by Mr.
Vaughau to bo thoriohest in the United
States. .tanFtold that they will com-!
menpe Work n the mine in a few days,
asi00n s they can get tho necessary
tools frpm Austin.
.". i ft ii
ui WfajStoU'titewart'ii Body?
VThhV is an age of surprisos. We very
much' regret-,C6say but we have evi
dence In' oilj' ppsseseiga which points
strongly to 'iWliitelaw Reid, He v. Tal-,
mage and George Francis "Train as the
violators of Mr. Stewart's grave. It is
hard to think of these gentlemen, who!
1 ' 1 1 p -
have heretofore occupied such high po
sitions n sqciol' ari4 jb'tot. eiolesis
ghouls, grave-robbers and numan Jiye-
uas, and yet the evidenco against thorn
'oannbfc weli W set aside. -Fqr instance,
on une uignii-'oi ine oiwrage-jarr xai
mago left home at the usual hour, about
half past ten, informing his wifo that he
was going over to New-York to piok up
a few facts for hia next sermon., Mrs.
Talmage. remarked: that thing wais .get
ting a trifle thin, or .something to that
effect, but finally gave her consent, and
Mr,' Talmage went oil' whistling "O I'm
otio of he Boys Myself. His hdurlfor
returning from, these nooturnal. excur
si6hs, Mrs1. .Talmage states, is about 3 a.
m.il Did the gentleman: return at that
hour on. ithat fatal imorning? He did
not. 1 He did not get. home until after
daylight. Perhaps the! gentleman can
acdount for his strange tardiness on this
morning of all taornings, and we know
of no better place, for him to do this
than in the open' court, f - .! - '
! Now for Mr Train. A spade was un
doubtedly; used! 'to remove the earth
from the casket that . held the remains.
Now"j observed One week', before ; Mr
Stewart's remains were stolen Mr. Train'
stepped Snto a hardware store in New
York ' and purchased a short-handled
spade, telling tho salesman that he
would call on the following 1 Saturday1
and pay for it. ) The salesman said they
did a strictly icash . business, 'but Mr.
Train pulled' 'drit a pocket blackboard
and showed him that the age had evo
lute'd")jiypqd Jl&cash ayflejai, inti
mated that if he was not permitted to
purohaes) the-, spade ointruenbiiiiia8
pjrinipla hi uhd put,$h gschtjfl
wire between the establishment and its
patrens; and ' it. would oortainlyi shoot
t&eVlNittgara'of bankruptcy before sun
set the next day-j,. He was permitted fo
take the, spade. As .if additional cvi
deneei were needed - against- Mr. Truinj
our attention has been called to the fact
that oh the' day' Before the, ghastly rob
bery he was seen ; sitting otv his accus
tomed bench' in Madreon square, and
was heard to repeat the. following lines
from the graveyard seone in Hamlet
"Apick-uwd aoda pd..i . r
id-i ji rjr -mJ hpdmg ihwi ''I' ' J
. phfi'torJijfirtoWin(l , "
l,' iwcftiwetfcet." . ,
Now let us turn our attention to Mr!
Whitclaw Ec'id.,'. will perempmbered
that a copy of; thaeio.Yark Herald
was found the morning of the robbery
at or near the violated tomb. . Now,
mark the following facts : On the even
ing preceding the morning of the das
tardly outragb Whitela Eeid was seen
eoing'into the Trlburu beer saloon
reading a copy of the Xew Tork Her
aid of the same- date as the one found.
A few moments later Mr. Eeid emerged
from the saloon, looking cautiously
about" hlnl' and, wl en he supposed no
one was watching, placed throe earda
mon seeds in his mouth and walked
nmiDv tVlT.
These are the rock-ribbed and evr-)
lasting facts. We leave the rst to the ,
police and Jndpe Hilton, who offered
the reward. Address as asuaL '
Of all tho wonderful storiea that myl
a. 1 iL'.U.J... J A . it. !l
Krunv-gittuaiuoinur unuu iqwu hit mow-
wvWanbVila Uttft gii.'thc'-t
1-wWtM 'was IbouV-i. dark,' lay in
New Engla6cTrridn'My Wth, 1780.
Thjs was during our(royo)ution. y will
remember, and -the same, year in which
the trlflfoT."firpdfet; Arnold, rtternjjted
Q" jKtry Jhjcquntey to its enemies."
For seyeraij days, before the 19th the
ai was full of vapocs, as, we often see it
whorVflrerf are raging in the woods near
us, and the sun and moon appewed red,
an4 their, usval clear, light did rpt reach
us, especially When 'rising and setting.
The winds blow ohfofly from the south
wc;and ' hdrthca,, arid, ' the , weather
was cool and1 clear.'1 'The morning of
the 19th Vas. ploudy ani in' many places
slight '. show ore fell, sometimes accom
panied by thunder and lightning; but
as the sun arose it did not increase the
iigtjj54 the! darkless deepened and
deepened; iintil , tho children standing
bofore the tail clocks could not see to
te(l time; and older people peering over
tho almanac were not able to distinguish
the letters.'' The hirtli hang their even
ing' song and flew to their nests in the
woodsjthe poultry hurried " W" their
roosts, while cattle in the 'fields uttered
straig) Vries and leaped the stone f ehces
to gaitf their stalls, and the sheep hud
dled together bleating piteously.
Color, which you know depends upon
the light of the sun, filled many with
usto&shuient.by its unusual appearance,
for tlje clouds were in some places of a
light red, yellow aiid brown; the leaves
Oil tho trees and the grass ir the mead
ows were of the deepest 'green1, verging
oh 'indigo, tlie brightest silver seemed
tarnished, and everything that is white
in the sunlight bore a deep yellow hue.:
, The shadows, which bofore noon fall
to the westward and after noon to the
eastward were observed during' the
darkness to fall in every direction. . " i
-The rain, also, was unlike any other
iain, and it set all the people to wonder
ing as they dipptd it from tubs and bar
rels ; for a Bcum formed on it resembling
burnt leaves, emitting a sooty smell, and
this same substance was seen on streams
and rivers, especially on the Merrimaoj
where it lay four or five inches thick,
fpr many miles' along its shore.
Another peculiarity was' the vapor; in
many localities it descended to the earth
from high in the atmosphere; but at one
point a gentleman saw the vapors, at; 9
o'clock.'rising from this springe and low
lands ;'one column, ; he,, particularly no
ticed rapidly ascending far above the
highest hills, then it spread into a large
white cloud 'and sailed off to the west
ward, a second cloud formed in the
satue wy,from .the Bme springs, but
did, not rise as high as the firati ana m
third formed fifteen minutes afterward.
At U .'quarts S tep the nppprigostrbloiid
was of a reddish hue, the second was
green, indigo ftnd ..blue,' rind, ttie , third
was almost white. ;!',;," 'i ,1.,',';.,'.''1','',,. !
.,So unwhojespni, was, .this vapor that
small birds were suffocated in it, and
nuihy of them so. frightened aiid stupe
fied that they flew into the houses, add
ing to tjiei eirs of ignorant people," who
considerod p bad sign for a bird to
enter a dwelling. . ";' "";-'- i ,
The commencement of the darkness
Sv'as between tch and, .eleven ifa the fore
noon (when the "men were busy in the
fiejds and offices" and workshops, the
women, spinning, weaving and prepar
ing dinner, and! the ohildreh at ' sqhool,
or helping their fathers aid mothers at'
home), and it continued until tho mid
dlo of the followinsr nirht; but the de
gree of darkness-waried; in some places
thedisk of the sun, was .seen when tne
dankhess was the most dense.' ' '-" '. ;
Lights were seoW burning in all the
houses, and the people . passing out of
doors carried torehes nd . lanterns,
which were: curiously reflected on the
overhanging clouds. - I
Thousands of people 'fere snrA'tpat
th,eed of 4he .world had co'nfe; many
drtrrirtcft Ibeir work and fell on their
knees to pray, others confessed to their
.1 . 1 - . llM t. . J Jama ..
, - .
fellows the wroifgs they had done and
endeavored fo.make restitution;, 4
' The" Irieeting-Iurtlses "were crowded.
and neighborhood prayerTneetings wcro
formed, and the ministers and old church
luenbers prayed Jong prayers, mention
ing the nations and individuals of Bible
times who had been destroyed' on ac
count of their sins, and begging that as
God had spared the great city of Nine
veh when it repented, so He would for
give ti cm, cucer tnem again oy ur
light of the sun and give victory to their
It is said that the Connecticut legis-
ktore being ia sewkm, the members be- -
frigh tewed when they could aoi
see each ptliers faces, and motion was
made to adjourn, w lea Mr. Davcu)iort
arose and, said: , .. t(.
Mr. Speaker, it is either tho day of
judgment, or it, is, pot, , If it is, I desire
to he found doing my duty, , If it is not,
there is no need of djoiuniug. I move
that candles bo brought, and that we
proceed to brwiiiefc".,,1 ,., , . , - ., 1 :
kAU the shivering, frightonod people
began now to look forward to pveuing,
hoping that as the. nioon -rose full ' at
nine o!4ock her light would pouuta-ato
the gloom; but, ail the oliiWren uwho
ceased to ait. tip and see her, grew very
sleepy, their strained eyes-were not re
warded bsJior, beautiful ..beams, for at
eight 'in the evening the darkness was
total; one-could not distinguish between
the earth and' the hoavCnS, and it '.was
impossible to see a hand ibefore one's
faool J' -i yi'-' ' .Vj :vi til a j
'Then all the weary children werc-sont
to bed after the most honest prayers
that they had 'evtr prayed, and the old
people1 Sat up to' watch for the light iliat
had never1 before appeared sd glorious.
' And nbvet'flawriWd'si'fairrr morning
than the 20th"6f Mayj for tHe'silri"that
opened ho flowers' and mirrdred itself
in the dew-dros brought the eolor again
to the children's faces, ' and fillod- dvory'
heart vJithfcohfldence: w v ",
"The1 birds sang'' joyously'Aue' cattle
returned to their pastures, the places of.
business liwere':,bpemed, and every one
lwent"about'lnWUKiiie8srmore gcntlb
toward1 man'and 1 more'gr'ateful toward
ood: ;r1'i: , 'Ji,;n"j.
U After tiieidarkiless was pavsed, several
persons traveled about to gather all pos
sible information concerning this, mem
orable day, and Dr. Tenuy wroto an ao
count of what he learned on a journey
from the East to Pennsylvania. ' " He
says the deepest darkness was in Essex
ounty, Massachnsetts, tho lower part
of t?ew Hampshire, and the eastern
portion of Maine "(where my grand
mother lived). In Rhode 'Islaud and
Conhectibut it' was not so great; in New
Jersey peculiai clouds were observed,
but the darkness was not so uncommon,
and in the lower parts of Pennsylvania
nothing unusual was observed. ,
'''It extended as'far north as the Ameri
can se'ttlettenis and westward to Alba
ny, "but its exact limits could not be
ascertained. v--'"! i-v'i -
J tin' Boston the darkness-continued
fonrteeh br fifteen hours, varying in
duration at other places. '': '"lv :
As it was impossible to1 attribute the
darkness to Hn eclipse, the .wise people
formed many, theories! -concerning it;
being convinced,, that it , was,, due, to im
mense fires in the woods, wipds blowing
in opposite directions, and to tho .ooudi-,
tion of the vapors; bnt.Hersohel says
f4 The .dark day in Northern ; America
was one of those wonderful phmjonjena
of nature whichj will talwaya. be, read
11-ifli infprHKt hut- which, lllliloHOllhv IS
at a loss toiexpl,"77a;4!yIi'V;-1
luater.in St. iclltaNommbet.
J ,Ll .ii'l" l " J..J ut: : -ri ,.f,v; ' i
Infantry vs. Artillery. ,
I Some curious experime'hts have been!
madei in England for the. purpose of
demonstrating the valne -of infantry as
opposed to artillery,! .The result, was not
such as was anticipated.. A half battery
of artillory was represented by threelogs
of .wood painted blook, each supported
by a conple'of tree tics-. The guns were
at full intervals and placed on a shelf of
tho target butt, about twelve feet above
the level of the range. In rear of each'
srnn, at a distance of somo. four yards';
were placed, resting i a blightly-injlirif
ed .position against the targot -butts a
brown- blanket, on a frumei eight-, ifeet
squara, These reprosented; the limbers
and teams. The gunnery were, supposed
to be kneeing in, shallow pits, i giving
some. slight protection, and. were .repre
sented by blackboards, four feet high by
twenty inches broad, the top diminish
ing like tlie summit pi a tomosym.
Thore were five gunners to each gun',
one gunner to each limber, and an offlc-
er, In order to give an air 01 realism to
... fc' m .
' experiment . nre of wood and straw
' ' ' '
7Bs kindled on one side of the guns, in
order that the latter might be partly
shrouded by smoke as they would be in
action. ' Opposed io' these guns were
two sections, each of ten picked marks
men. The range was 1400 yards, and
ten rounds per man were consumed in
independent firing and tea rounds in
volley firing. Two hundred cartridges
were fired, and but a single dummy gun
ner was tut.
A Texas paper says boldly that Texas
girls want leas restraint and more liberty
tJ ariinn : mora kitr.hra mnA Imi narlnr :
Ucwexerciae and leas soafa: more pud-
ding and less piano.
Tbe-tresnnW that trkejt tJ Bus-
sisA palace at Moscow is oho or the most
interesting sights. One -socs there all
the crowns of thti airs otJtawiia from
the time of the first Romanoff, also their
scepters and corbnutToucliilfs, many of
them presents from foreign, aosojrtiigns.
A magnifloent chair of carved ivory was
given by the" snjUu ofTTurkey." Here,
too, are coronation -nbos snarkiiug with
jewels, and an immeuse pair of boots '
which belonged to "Petur the 'Great
MSUy ofthe ancient jbwels, necliaoes,
oar-rings, etc, are kept bore in a glass
case.' ' In a large hall, arrahKod in dif
ferent groups, are all the'nresehta'whioh
have ever been made to RussUW" for-
yigu .jiiiiviil-b, utvur tauaarus, mower-of-pearl
bowls, amber oru'aments,' aid all
kinds of magnificent ' things: 'as well as
many common 'ones.; Here1, as rn7 every
corner of Europe, aro( souyenirs-of Na
polwii.,. His portrait, in ful emperor's
robos, is hung in one of the rooms and
underneath it are the-beds on which he
slept when he was in iMaseow.)' These
are in a ball which is devoted to ancient
equipages ,ud sftdOle Two of the lat
ter were sent by the, sultan to Catherine
II, and are coveted"" With pearls, emer
alds, rubies and other precious ' stones.
This empress used to ride astride, dress
ed in male costume, with her hair float
ing bvei her shoulders! Perhaps the
most curious' thing of all is an old car
riage whieh Was sent by queen' Eliza
beth to the' czar Boris . Godonuff.' He
.implored her to come and help him drive
the , Turks out . of ;Eurorp,,, whereupon
she sent him word she could not do that;
but she made him a present of this car
riage, on the front of which Boris is rep
resented conquering the Turks. The
palace is inside the, Kremlin wails.
Some of the rooms are as .large and
handsome as those in the St. Petersburg
palace; the hulls of St: Alexander and
St. George are particularly1 flue."' The
ancient part is curious; the ceilings are
low and supported by rafters "'that a tall
man can touch With tho hand ; 'btit raft
ers,' ceiling and walls aro covered 'with
paintings aud decorations? ' The rooms
which tho shall of Persia occupied are
exhibited but. hq did. not' sleep on the
bod, he preferred tho carpet; lhe only
way to get about coraforabjy.in Mos
cow in the summer is to walk where one
wonts . to go. The streets are paved with
cobblo-ston.es, and these Russian drivers
have up meroy. on you, but .rattle ypu re
lentlessly pver the, stones, at. the rate of
twelve .miles an hour, so you are fortu
nate; if you do not get a headache for the
;day',,.,As for conversation, that is u,ttor- -
ly impossible in a carriage. But what
a capital" place Moscow is for ladies to
shdp inil " Opposite the Kremlin is tho
Gastinni Di'or (strangers' court), an im
me'hse Square block of two-story build
ings. i'A' walk skirts all around the four
sides' 'irrldiir'urf arcado,. oloiigVbloh ore
mng4dKV8A-io1us; booths: In all directions
run narrow, dark,1 mysterious passages,
and th jfrtfo"f6flow them along you1 find
henr'b'ned with shops of every descrip
tion. "Theimildmg is all covered3 Over,
and is payed' with stone--gutters run
ning in the middle.' The walks are ob
structed jrith boxesand'' merchandise,
not to metn.beggjir-cydfen who sing
out their .story in a very plaintive way.
The,' shops are' small 'and mean-looking,
most of diem'ot'. more thaq six feet
square, and, tlie wares which are exhibit- -ed
aire extremely ' cpmmqn...Bnt( onco
let (he'rncrchant know that you under
stand what yon'are buying,' and jio rnm
magiis in all the dark liftle 'corners and
brings out no. enil'of , reasures',' in tho
shape of old silver mugs and tankards,
chains 'and crosses, brocades, jfipe 'Rus
sian laces,' unset eneraluV jUijrnoises
and aquamarines, beside strings o real
pearls and quantities of lapis lazuh arti
cles. , He charges a good round sum for
his goods, but will take machlcMf some
times half. , A . speciality of , Moscow is
the papier-mache , work, which I .have
Men nowhere else in ,roch triljiant col
ors. This, however, ia, quite, expensive.
The Kremlin by -the right of tho full
moon is a sight which,.' pays for many
weary days of IraveLi' Every done ia
the city stands oat "with wonderful dis
tinctness, and all the delicate gilt cross
es ghtter in the soft light Then the
river winds about the city like a great
snake, with the hundreds ef gas-lights
on its banks reflected in the water.
There are more than 1000 eharcbea in
Moscow. Cor. Bo ton Jdvertiter.
"Do yon mean to say portivrly
madam, said a lawyer to a witness,
"that the person referred to never k-ft
his aative village after the day of his
marriage V "I do" How do you know
he never did ?" "Because I saw him bar
rind in the village grave-yard the same

xml | txt