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"Free P an r ress, viareos I. II. JULIAN, "Prove All Things i Hold Fast that which Is Good." . PROP.BI.ETO.tf. VOL. IX. SAN MARCOS, HAYS CO., TEXAS, SATURDAY, AUGUST 14, 1880. f N0.39. lig-liiJIaBaBgaB Free Press. PUBLISHED EVERY SiTCEDAY BY ISAAC H. JULIAN, To wnoin n't Letter thoultl be Addressed OmcB East side of Plata. BATES OF SUBSCRIPTION ! 0.Ter,lnd. JJ 81. month. " J Star. month. " ' BATES OF ADVERTISING. One square, one Insertion 1 00; wch addition - I mo. 3mos. 1 S mot. I H mos fSoo.r. I JJO I $4.00 I 6.00 t 10.00 i T. 4.00 6.00 10.00 1 00 I S.Of 8.00 H.00 10.00 UMm.'. T.OO 10.00 10.00 80.00 0 ,, 14 00 SO.OO I so.oo sc.oo .. Hm IIm s-q w-qq . . ... I... ni.i rmr. SH Cards in Business Directory, oo. J'. ilg.l and Tr.n.l.nt Adv.rtlsemente wll b cu.Jod On. Dollar per square for ib. Sr.. 1 aerllon, ana rmy us. .?-:- " ;-,f on. tional Insertiou. a equ - inch" Fractional squar.. will b. counted fall ""'.nd Bu.lne.s Nolle., will be eh.rged tn V -Has f.r a. rants Dr una wr bou . - m Announcing candidate, for oU... county, $ 6.M For DUtrioi or oiaw uuiu......... -v Obituary notlcet of over ten line, eh.rged we-balf.dvertUlnKr.tee. BUSINESS DIEEOTOEY. New. paper. SAt MARCOS FREE PBKSS, I. H. JULIAN, u'dlter, Publisher and Proprietor. tide Main Flat, nearly opposite tb. Court Hiuse. Educational. 10R0NAI. INSTITUTE. B. 0. RMnsevall, A.M. J President. . Banker. IT0HELL 4 GLOV11R, Mitchell's Building. Hoarding- Heme. B3. HEATON, East side of Plata. Dry Good and Orocerles. JOnSSON A J MNSON, Mitchell Building, North aide Plaza. QEO. T. II ALONE, aouthitde Plan. p R, T0RNKR, W.st side Main Plata. J.DVILET, Woatald. of the Main Plaia. yM. OIESEN, South side of the Main PIaa. nmadSl 0. B., North aide of th. Main Jjpiexa. y B. FltT South siae Plana. ' J'.LL'ON A SMITH, North Side Plata. , TJAILET A BR0., S. W. Corner Plata. A B. f KERR, North aide Plata. IA ft. GOCRBHA.M A CO., east aloe" oi me plat., opposite Court Home Groceries and. Ilurdwnre, CI V DONALSON, East aide Main Plata. Drnmlsli. RAYN0I.DS A DANIEL, north side of the Main Plata. ' PhriXi a tin. D ,TtS. DKNTON A PENDLETON, office near N. W. corner ruouc square. VdD enlist. D ,B. I. H. COMBS, office North side of of the Main Plata. Lairy.'). p B. MINOR, Office In the Court Houss. JjUTCni30N. FRANKLIN, in the Court-house gTEELlNd FISHER, office North side Plata. T)R0WNAC0PFlELO, oftlce In Mitchell Build- JJ lug lijtanaBBB"1"""' . rH. JOLIAN, office Fa Pas Bulldln. east , aid. Plata, nearly ooposlle the Court House. . . . M.ta.V PlbllC. Hotel.. WOOTTON BOTRU on the Antln road, one block East of Public Square. Bakery and. Confectionery. T7KITZ LANCE, South aid Plata. tore, and Tinware. QZO . BEXNE, West aide Plata. j H. K1S I HAM", Kaat aid. Plata. Blacksmith. P THOMPSON, on. aqaar. .orth f Plat. the AaMi.road. Carpe.fert and Builders. J C. sMWEM, reald.se. Ike Inatli.t.. Livery and Sale Stables. ALES A SON, Sea Astasia aireet. Watchmaker and Jeweler. B. aOBBlXS. cut Hit plata. Merchant Taller. J TJCGGEB,erer Jokaasc'a stars. PI. at Market. J F. A KOXI, ssru side plats. Boot and Shoesssher. y CklfCO.wvTT y . M. CKOW. r e,s Ptasa. toddle and I)araea Shoo. C kV TOW tT, g. W. etrsir plat. GENEEAL DIEEOTOEY. coxoaasSMAX Or. niiraicri Hon. Columbus Upson, of Bexar county. S.VAVOa 31(T DlSTaiCTt Hon. L. I. Storey, el Caldwell Co. ' airaesKXTATiras ln Disraicr: lion. 1. M . Holmes, of Guadalupe Co. Hou. W. F. Delany " " DisraioT oolnrr-- Ura diitsiot. Hon. L. W. Moore, Presiding Judge, LaG range, Tim or sou)ia oouar. Hari. 2d Mondays In March and September, count ornoats. Ed B. Kone, Jndge County Court. II. O. Uardlu, District Clerk. Kd. J. L. Ureen, County Clerk. O. T. Brown, County Attorney. J as. A. Wren, Sii.rllT. C. S. Cock, Deputy. O. W. Grooms, Justio. of the Peace Pre. No. 1 R. MauloT., , ' W. M. Wy.tt, " ' Z. Smith. H. A. McMeant, County Treasurer. A. Hesteu, Assessor. Joe.O. Ere, burreyor. D. P. Hopkins, Qoci'r Precinct No. 1. 0. K. Moore " ' 1. Peter Schmidt, " " " S. 1. B. Peal. " " " 4. John H. Patterson. Constable. . Timet or holdiko Cooarr au Paaoixor Cooara Criminal County Court 1st Monday in each month. County Court for Civil and Probate bualness 1st Monday in February jlpril, J uue, August, Oo tober and December. Commissioners' Court Id Mondays In February, Mar. Auauit and November. Justice Court Precinct No. 1 1st Frldsy In each month, San Marcoa. Precinct No.S Vd Friday In eatfi month MtClty, a 4u winiDeriey'o mil " 4 4lh " Dripping Springs. tows ornciu. Mavor H. B. Coffleld. Council W. 0. Hutchison, T. R. Fourqurean, L. W. Mitchell. D. r. Hopkins, p. a. Turner. lf.r.h.l w. II. I.v.ll. Council meets the first Tuesday In each month. en ukcii:. METHODIST. Preachln at th. Mothodlst Church every Sabbath. Kev.A. A. Brown. Paator. CHRISTIAN. Preaching; at the Christian Chut on on the second ana fourth Sabbaths in each month. PRESBYTERIAN. Preaohlnir at the Preabyte risn Church on Ihe second and fourth bao- batbln eaeh month by the Rev. W. L. Kennedy. PKOi'KSl'ANr KrleCOPAL. Services every sourtn Bunday in eocn montn at lo;j o'clock,, a. a., and T p. m., t 8t. Mark's Church.) BAPTIST. Presetting at the Christian Church on the tuird sunaay in eacu montn, uy Ktucr a II. UurroURUj. MAILS. ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE OK, TO AND FROM SAN MARCOS POST OFFICE. Maila from Austin arrive at 12 SI. ' " San Antonio arrive at 3 P. M. Above mails arrive and depart daily except Sun days. Luliug arrives Tuesday and Friday at 4 P. M. DeDarts Wednesday and Saturday at 7 A. M. Segulii arrives Monday at 6 P. li. Departe Tues day at 7 A. M. Blanco, via Wimberly departs Monday at A. M Arrives Tuesday at o r., ll. . orncK nova: Rertster and Honey Order dep't from 8 A. M., to 1P.U. General Delihery arom 8 A M., to 6 P. M. A. Vom Stein, P. M. "SUNSET ROUTE." (THE TRUE SOUTHERN PACIFIC.) Galveston, Harrisburg and San Antonio Railway, THE ONLY ALL-EA.IL LINE TO SAN AIYTOIVIO. Passenger Time Schedule. GOOD NEWS FOR THE TRAV- JiLlJXU ruUMU. The large and increased travel via the "SUN- SEI'ROUTK," renders necessary ADDITIONAL ACCOMODATION fur Its patrons. The Manage ment have therefore deemed It necesssry to place a Night Train on their schedule, whujh leaves Houston for San Antonio at 5:35 P. M. (Sundays excepted;) arriving at 9:30 o'clock A. M. Gn this train will b found Sleeping Cars and elegant Day Coaches, which have been fitted up exclusively for this ruu. Berths in Sleeping 1r. bave been placed at tne mooerate price oi fi mi and f 1 00, according to location. TetAINS WESTWARD. San Antonio Dally (except Bunday) Leaves at 7:00 am 4:lopm I.nllng :.15 a m f.uz p m Columbus 12:50 p m - 12:4'i a m Bouston 5:0., p m 7:55 a m TKAIN E AS rWABls. Houston S:4.i a m 6:S5 p m Columbus 1:11 p m 11:30 a m I.ullng 4:15 p m 6:30 a m Ar. Ar. " Mai Ion o:m p m n.us a m " San Antonio 7;00 p m 8 JO m an-Art anv Ticket Asrent in the United States orCsnada for Tickets Over Thla Line, and yon will get them. They will al.o Check your Bag gage Through over thl. sellable and Ever Popu lar Koata. First-class In every respect are the Dining Halls and Lunch Counters on this line. The .Ugant Parlor Care .1 tne waaan Manu facture ara roc a. Day Express Trains. T. tr. PEIRCE. J... G. P. A. HoBilon. Texaa. AS. CONVERSE. Supt. BMHIS' PITEUT FOOT POWER ftUCHINERT. CIRCCLAK 9ANH. bCHOI.L SWS, HTHK1. FOKMER. MOkTISKRS.I KNOXKR.I, Ac, For aetaal workshop basin... CONPI.KT OUTFITS for Mechanic .tn Amalesra. acaisaa o TRIAL " ewenurs Mav wfttn read tails, ane ses4 for Dewriptlra t,ataloas ap. Pries Ust. W. F. A Jos lllisoia. BIG PAY, AT WslTEP. WE W.!tT A UMlTEP sanber seuvs tsergetic U escag la plsaaast ssd prvfitahlc attsaas. Gad aea ariD ts4 this . rare chases TO MAJCE MONEY. Seek wi !ses Maer ttls .drertisseat bv Icttsr, esclsciac sta'P isr rep'y. aastisg what kaslssas thay have so safsfed Is. Bass bat tkm ark neas sees sps'r- .eras. ruiAT, baktxt a co. BsyZlry Atlasta,Ga- mi If r r. ST 1 Trfi3 PAPER '"CXTaT ' w Unbelief. There It no unbelief1, . Whoever plants . seed benealh lha sod, And walta to see it push .way th. clot, TratUlnGud. Wbotvor says, when clouds are In tb. sky, "Be patient, heart! light breaksth by aud by," Trusts tha Moat High. Whoever teas, 'nealh Winter's Held of snow. The silent harvest ol th. future grew, God's power must know. Whoever lies down on hi. coach f sleep, Content to lock etch sens. In slumber deep, Knows God will keep. Whoever says, "To-morrow," "The .knows," The Future," trusts that power slons, . Be darea disown. Th. heart that looks on whan the ey.llda olota, And dares to livo when life has only woss. God's comfort knows. There Is no unbelief; And dsy by dsy, snd night unconiolontly, Th. heart lives by thst faith the lips den;; God knoweth why. Th. Watchman. VVASIII.KU'I-U.II l,FiTTEK. Washinoton, D. C. ) July 28, 1880. j" Under an order issued yesterday by Mr. Hayes General Hancock tempo rally assumed command of the do part merit of the south, in addition to his duties as commander of the de partmeut of the east. No espeoial sig nificance attaohes to this, perhaps, but your correspondent thinks it adds em phasis to the popular demand for gen eral Hancock's resignation from the army. The candidate of a great party and as I think, the next President of the United States, should not remain in a position in which the wiles or caprices of a professedly unfriendly administration may at any moment uso that position to injure his stand ing. General Hancock should resign when he accepts - the Presidential nomination. The Evening Star, of this city, a sort of back stairs organ of the ad ministration, says of the contemplated trip of Mr. Hays : The tact that the President intends to visit California, and while it is true lie expects that he will bo called upon to address its citizens, it is not truo that bis trip west means a political movement in .anybody's interest. And this means that Mr. Hayes will make Garfiejd speeches in Cali fornia. As Garfield fought the anti Chinese bill demanded by the whole population of California and Mr. Hayes vetoed it, I hardly see anything to be gained by this advocacy. It is officially announced that a de mand has been made by New York Radicals,' for the removal of collector Merritt, and that Secretary Sherman refuses to consider the demand. -He says he has not howeyer talked with Mr. Hayes about the matter. It is said here that general GarQield de sires the change, and that Mr. Hayes is inclined to over rule his Secretary of the Treasury. Only Secretary Sherman of tho cab inet was in town yesterday. The remaining- members were away, and very many of their suborjina'es also. More .extensive arrangements are beiug mado than ever before, for what known as "election leaves, tins fall. The first exodus of this kind will be to Maine in September. Eve ry Maino man in the departments will be given a leave of from ten to twenty days, without loss of pay, and be fur nished with a half price ticket to that State. These leaves being in addition to the regular annual absence of thirty days, they amount to a clear swindle of the people who pay taxes. This ad ministration wished or pretended to wish to break up the practice, but as stated above, is deeper ia the mud than any previous one. Dem. The steamship Rothesay ras cleared from New Orleans on Monday last for far the Continent with 113,007 bush els of grain in bulk. This is said to be the largest cargo of grain ever tak en from this part. The vel was load edb7 Messrs. Seligmatn, Ilellmio & Co. at Gordon & Gomila's elevator iq Gretna Freetown. Tbe grain trade of New Orleans promises to realize in the immediate future the brightest dreams of those who bars devoted themselves to buildioc up this branch of our commerce. Tbe waco Telephone prints an ac- eouot of another ruttiof affray is bir-rooa. It U a (artwork kao wior j baring that matt of lbs deadly affrays file time occur ia drickiar siloont, or aaeig ssso is state Lio s. Gslrestoa News. t ia'eiica Ivlr. sVasiialVsj inciter of Accept. Indianapolis, July 30. To Hon. John W. Stephenson, president of con vention, Hon John P. Stockton, chair man, and other members of the com mittee of notification Gentlemen : I have now the honor to reply to your letter of the thirteenth instant, inform ing me that I was unanimously nomin ated for the offioe of vice-president of tha United States by the late demo cratib convention which assembled at Cincinnati, O, - As foreshadowed in the verbal remarks made by me at the time of the delivery of your lotter, I have now to say that I acoept the high trust with a realising sense of its re Bponsibillity, and am profoundly grate' ful for the honor conferred. I aooept the nomination upon the platform ot principles adopted by tho convention, which I cordially approyo, and I ao oept it quite as much booauso of my faith in the wisdom and patriotism of the great statesman and soldier nomi nated on tho samo ticket for president oi the United States. His eminent ser vice to bis country ; his fidelity to the constitution, union and law; his clear perception of correct principles of gov eromdntt as taught by Jefforson ; his scrupulous care to keep the. military subordinate to tho civil authorities; his high regard for civil liberty, per sonal rights and the rights of property; his acknowledged ability in civil as well as military affairs and bis pure and blameless life all point to him as a man worthy of tho confidence of tho people. Not only a brave soldier, great commander, wise statesman, and pure patriot, but a prudent painstak ing, practical man of . unquestioned honesty ; trusted often with impoitaot public duties, faithful to every trust, and in the full nioridian of ripe and vigorous manhood, he is, in my judg ment, fitted for the highest positiou on earth, the presidency of the United States, i Not only is he the right man for the place, but tne timo lias coir.e when tho best interests of tho country require that that party which has mon opolized the executive department 'of tho general government for tho Inst twenty years should bo retired. The continuance of that party in power four years longer would not be bene ficial to the public, nor in accord a rice with the spirit of our republican in stitutions. Tho laws of entail have not been favored in our system, of gov ernment. The perpetuation, of place in one family or set of men has never been encouraged in this country, and the great and good incn who formed our republican government and its tra ditions wisely limited the tenure of office; and in many ways showed their disapproval of long leases of power Twenty years of continuance in power is long enough, and has already led to irregularities and corruptions that are not likely to be properly expose I un. dcr the same party that perpetrated them. Besides it should not be forgot ten that the last four years of power held by that party were procured by discreditable means and held in de fiance of the wishes of a majority of tho people. It was a grievous wrong to every voter and our system of self government, which should never be forgotten or forgiven, . Many of the men now in office were put there be cause of their oorrupt partisan service iu thus defeating tho fairly and legally expressed will of the majority, and the hypocrisy of the professions of that party in favor oi civil service reform was shown by placing such men in office and turning a whole brood of federal office holders loose to influence flections. The money of tho people taken out of the publio treasury by these men for services, often poorly performed, or not performed at all, is being nted ia vast sums with the knowledge and presumed sanction of the administration to control the elec tions ; and even members of the cabi net ara atrollioa: abont the country making partisan speeches ioileid of being in their departments at Wash iocton JUcha-giog tha public duties for wbica they ara paid by the people. But with all their elemaees and abil ity, the difcriminating public will bo doubt perceire that their paramount hope aad aim ia to keep tbeaaselret or their satellites loeger in office, sod U.at perpetaaiiogtbe power of cironie federal oSce bolder fonr yean loreT will not beseSt lite Biii:iDsef so and wostea who hold so ofSse, bat 'earn their sJaily breaJ ty nearest ie- ,4ry. That the dteeera:ag frablie wi!l, b dealt fil'y caJc-nuaJ as they will also, that it is booause of their industry and economy and God's boun tiful harvests that tha country is com paratively prosperous, and not booauso of anything done by theso federal oflioo holders. Tbe country is comparative ly prosperous not boeause of them but in spite of them. This oon testis in faot, between tha people en deavoring to regain the' political power which rightly belongs to them, and to restore the pure, simple, economical constitutional government of our fath ers on one aide, snd a hundred thous and federal offioe holders and their baokers, pampered with plaoe and power and determined to retain tbem at all hazards, on tho other. Henoe the constant assumption of new and dangorous powers by the geucral gov ernment under the rulo of the repub lican party is the effort to build up what they call a strong government ; the interference with home rule and with tho administration of justice in the courts of tho scvorul states ; the interference with elections through the medium of paid partisan federal office -holders, interested in keeping their party in power, and caring more for that than for fairness in elections In fact the constant enoroachments which have been made by that party on the clearly reserved rights of tbe people, and states, will, if not ohecked, subvert the liberties of the people, and tho government of limited powers ere a ted by the fathers, and end in i great consolidated eentral government, strong indeed for ovil and tho over throw of republican iustitutitions. Tho wise men who framed our constitution knew there was a tendency in the di rection of a strong government and tho long continuance of political power in tbe same bauds in all governments, and consequent danger to republican institutions from that cause, and they took pains to guard against them. The machinery of a strong centralized gen era government oan bo used to perpet- uato tno same set ot men in power from term to term till itoeases to be a republic, or is such only in name.. Tho tendency of tho party now in power in that direction is shown in various ways. Tbe willingness recently manifested by a largo number of that party to eloct the president an unlimited num ber of terms was quite apparent, and most thinking people believe tbe time has come when it will be safest and best for that party to bo retired. But in resisting tho encroachments of the general government upon the reserved rights of the people and states, I wish to be distinctly understood as favor ing the proper exercise by the general government of the powers rightfully belonging to it under the constitution. Encroachments upon the constitutional r'ghts of tho general government or interference with the proper exeroise of its powers, must be carefully avoid ed. The union of Elates under the constitution, must be maintained, and it is well to know that this has always been the position of both tho candi dates on the democratic pcesidential tiokct. It is acquiesced in everywhere now, and finally and forever settled as one of the results of the war. It is certain beyond all question that the legitimate results of the war for the unioo will not be overthrown should the democratic ticket be elected. In that cvent.proper protection would be given in every legitimate way to every citizen, native or adopted, in every seo' tioti ol the republic, in tbe enjoyment of all rights guuren:eed by the consti tution and its amendments. A sound currency of honest money, of value and purchasing power corresponding aub .tantially with the standard recogniz- ea ry :nc commercial world, and consisting of gold and silver and paper toatrovcrtiblo into coin, will te DuainLained. The labor, manufactur ing, commercial and business ioteresU oi tbe co oo try will be favored and en couraged in every legitimate way- Tbs toiling millions of our people will be prolecteJ from tbe destructive compe lion of (be Cbioere, aaJ, to that end," tbeir immigralioa to oar shores will be properly restricted. The pab'Ie credit will be ecrupaloasly matntsieed and ptretjg-.heoed by strict economy is pablie ei peedilares aad tbe liber lies-aad propertof tbe people will be protected by a government of law aad , order, admiaiatstered atrinly ia tha I interest ol all tbe people, asd hot ef j corporal iowa sad rntiVrrl classes. I I do not doabt the dUcriaiMtiag joa I . ' . r .a - .. I J . L ' . ' a I rV"T taasn; esprcnj for iatellireat self-f 0Tertst, tberrjore, d sot dsU lie f aeoess ol the democratic ticket. Its sucoess would bury beyond resurrection the sectionsl jealousy and hstrctl which have so long been the chief stock in trade of peatiferoua demagogues, snd in no other way oan this be so effectu ally accomplished. It would restore harmony and better feeling between all sections, and make us,' in fact aa well as in name, one people. The only ri valry then would be in the race for the development of material prosperity, the elevation of labor, the enlargement of human rights, promotion of educa tion, morality, roligion, liboity, order. and all that would lead to make us the foremost nation on earth in the grand maroh of human progress I am; with great respcot, very truly yours, , The lVeoervatlon ol bnoke - 1. Avoid s dry host as ruuoh as you would a damp atmosphere; tha ontf destroys as muoh as the other. : The former will affeot tho binding and the. latter tho paper. When reading, keep all books from the influence of the fire. Never keep any books near the oeiling whore the room is illuminated with gas. , j 2. Never wot your finger in turning over the leaves, but turn them ovcr from the head. Catch eaoh succeed ing leaf up by the fore finger! on the topoorner as near the foro edge ss possible ;. i-.f ..'i 3. Never put cards or folded docu ments into a book, as it will break the baok. Keop suoh things in a' portfolio. j ' 4. Novorreud during meals. Crumbs and ohocso are ruinous to books. - 5. Never, turn, a corner down ' to. keep a place, but put a piooo of paper projecting at the head as a mark. " v G. Neyer pull or push a book along tho table To avoid soratohes put book down flit and firmly, and take it up the samo way. ' ; . 7. Nover pull books out of. tho' Mielves by. tho headband, or. suffer thorn to stand long on the foro edge.' In doing the former, tho back is apt to be pulled or forood by the latter, tho back gets out of shape , 8. Always opon a book in a gentle man ner, and with a reverent spirit espe cially such as are newly bound snd never confine tho leaves with the point of your thumbs; indotng so it broaks tho baoks. Liy it upon a flat surface and open it lightly, and takiog few sheets at a time; go through tho -book until the roquisito freedom is obtained. 9. Always use a paper knifo or' folder to cut up tho loavos of uncut books, so that tho edges may bo smooth and even. r 10. Treat books gently, for they are friends that never change. We bene fit by their advice, and they exact no confession. " . Tbe Seed Corn tfutslloa. The reports thus far roceived are very favorable to northern corn for seed, in this country. Wo Lave heard of quito s number of experiments made the past season, snd in every one the yield and quality has been again the native corn by comparison.. How. ever, a question of the kind involved cannot well bo decided satisfactorily in one year; the season may have been unusually favorable lor tbe northern corn planted, and we would advise our farmcra to continue their experiments through several aeahooa, planting both native and northern seed, and carefully noting the results each year. The ad vocate of northern corn for .seeding claim that it will improve each year un til the fourth year, when it becomes s bout tbe same aa native ecro and should be renewed. The qaeitioo ol seed is a very important one, and we trust cur intelligent farmers trill make close ob servations and give tbe readers of the ex presatbe results of their xeperi- ments. A considerable qitatity of orn was raided ia this section the past season from northern seeJ, snd it isveryfiue. We would alv'se those raising it to save it lor seed next year. or as tweeh of ita p legible, as then will bo doabt be a large demand for it next planting season, and it will com mand a an ach kifher pried tbaa native eora. A little ear iq selecting only the best ears for seed would well repay faraxrs lor tleir troabla. 'e grais frots aebbias or the tips cf er thoi be pUsted San Aatoaio EprlaV , .... .." . A praCtieal . SOekjr. Ol Mtt ie. datr';.!rrtlnasir;WUateUr-?Bi ie iete.lectsil cohere.