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President Arthur IaMgwrated.
' Washington, September 21 The president and member of the cabinet assembledln the marble room shortly fore 12 o'olook Chief Justioe Wait, in bis full robes of office, sooompsnied by his associates justices, proceeded from . the supreme oonrt room to the marble room. The doors were immediately closed and without any formality Pres ident Arthur rose, and standing on one aide of the center table and Chief Jus tioe Waite on the other, took the oath of offioe. The president's manner was calm and composed and his response, "So help me God," was in a firm tone and without tremor. The president then read from nis manuscript notes the following INAUGURAL ADDBE8S ! For the fourth time in the history of the re pa duo its crnei magistrate nas been removed by death. All hearts are wild with grief and horror at the hide ous crime which has darkened our land, and the memory of the murdered pres ident, his protracted sufferings, his un flinching fortitude, the example and achievements of his life and the pathos of his death will forever illumine the pages of our history. For the fourth time the officer elected by the people and ordained by the constitution to fill a vacancy so created, is called to assume the executive chair. - The wisdom of our forefathers, in view even of the most dire possibilities, made sure the government should never be imperiled because of the uncertainty of ham an life. Men may die, but the fabric of our free . institutions remains unshaken. No higher or more as suring proof - oould exist of the strength of popular government than the fact that though the chosen of the people may be stricken down, his con stitutional successor - is punctually in stalled. He was without spot or stain, and with the exception of the -horror which mourns the bereavement. All the noble aspirations of my lamented predecessor, which found expression in his life, the measures devised and sug gested during his brief administration correct abuses and enforce economy, to advance the prosperity and promote the general welfare.to ensure domestic tran quility and maintain friendly and hon orable, relations with the nations of the earth, will be garnered in the hearts of the people and it will be my earnest en endeavor to profit by bis example and ex perience. Prosperity blesses our coun try, our financial policy is fixed by law and is well grounded and generally ap proved; no threatening issue annoys our foreign intercourse, and the wisdom, integrity and thrift of our people may be trusted to continue. For the present we may be assured of the continuation of peace, tranquility and welfare. The gloom and anxiety which have en shrouded the country must, make Jthe repose especially welcome now. No .. demand for speedy legislation has been heard, and no adequate occasion is ap parent for an extra session of congress. The constitution, defines the functions and powers of the executive as clearly . as those of either of the other repre sentatives of the government and he must answer for the faithful discharge of the discretion it presents and the performance of the duties it imposes. Summoned to their high duties and re sponsibilities and profoundly conscious of their magnitude and gravity, I as sume the trust imposed by the consti tution, relying for aid on divine guid ance and the intelligence of the Ameri can people. ' ' After the reading of the address by the president, Secretary Blaine stepped forward 'and grasped the president's hand and after him the other members of the cabinet and the others present shook hands with the president who ar ' rived at the capitol soon after the cere mony of taking the oath was concluded and in company with General Grant shortly afterward left the same. It is authoritatively learned as well as indicated by the president's inaugural address, .that there will be no session of congress until the regular session of December. , , - ARTHUR'S FIR8T OFFICIAL ACT. Washington, Sept 22. A meeting of the cabfnet was held immediately after the ceremony of administering the oath was concluded and the following proclamation was prepared and signed by President Arthur: By the president of the United States of America: - i A PROCLAMATION. Whereas, In his inscrutable wisdom it has pleased Almighty God to remove from the United States the illustrious head of the nation, James A. Garfield, late president of the United States; and, Whereas, It is fitting that the deep grief which fills all hearts should mani fest itself with one accord toward the throne of infinite grace and that we should bow before the Almighty and seek from Him that consolation in our affliction and that sanctification of our loss which He is able and willing to vouchsafe. " " Therefore, in", obedience to sacred duty and in accordance with the desire of the people I, Chester A. Arthur.preai dent of the United States of America, do hereby appoint Monday next, the ,2Cth day - of September, the day on which the remains of our honored and beloved will be consigned to their last resting place on earth, a day to be ob served throughout the United States as a day of humiliation and mourning, and I earnestly recommend all the peo ple to assemble on that day in their respective places of divine worship there to render alike their tribute of sorrowful submission to the will of Almighty God and of reverence and love for the memory and character of our late ohief magistrate. In witness hereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the city of Washington, the twenty second day of September; in the year of our Lord. 1881, and the in dependence of the United States, the one hundred and sixth. Signed Chester A. Abthub. Seal By the president: . James G. Blaine, Secretary of State. Washington, September 22. The following dispatch . nas been sent by the secretary of state to the governors of the several states and territories t ' You are respeotfully invited to be E resent at the funeral ceremony of the tte president James A. Garfield, at Cleveland on Monday, September the 2Gth. at 2 o'clock p.m. Signed James G. Blaine. Lire Stock la the Argentine Republic ' It need hardly be said that the main source of wealth in the Argentine Con federation has been the rearing of stock, and at the present time the JPampa con tains 60,000,000 sheep and 20,000,000 of cattle. It may not, however, be gen erally known that the cattle are all descended from eight cows and a bull whioh were brought to the new Spanish colony in 1553, by two Portuguese brothers named Goes. It is only with in the last few years that any endeavor has been made to ameliorate the origin al breed by crossing them with Short horn bulls whioh have been imported from Europe. This cross is improving the milking qualities ' of the cows, but it is only in the neighborhood of Bue nos Ayres that this amelioration is ap preciated, for.on many of the large grazing farms of the Pampa there are not more than half a dozen milch cows out of 2,000,000 head. The occupier of the farm, or estancia, to give it the local name, looks only to the hides and to the meat, which, when dried and salted, is sent to Cuba and Brazil, where it is consumed by the blacks. A farm of this description is estimated to bring in 25 or 80 per cent, on the capital invested, and a square league of land, equal to about 5,400 English acres, will keep 8,000 head of cattle, a third of which will be sold every year at an average price of 2 8s per head. One of the largest farms in the Argentine Republic is the colony of Ocampo, situated on the right bank of the Pavana, about 875 miles to the north of Buenos Ayres, and managed by M. Jules Andrieu, who has written a very interesting pamphlet descriptive of agricultural enterprise in that coun try. This farm covers a total area of 100,000 acres, three-fourths of whioh consisted of prairie land and 20,000 acres of woodland when it was first taken in hand by its present owners, who have broken up a large proportion of the former and converted it into arable land. - They find, however, that wheat does not pay so well as maize, which yields a profit of $25 per acre, on an outlay of little more than double that sum. M. Andrieu's book contains, too, some interesting information with regard to the price of labor in the Ar gentine Republic, the list of it being that laborers earn from 2 to 3 a month, according to their capabilities, exclusive of a lodging or of rations, whith are estimated at about 4s a week more. A pair of working oxen is worth 8 and a horse 2, the cost of their keeping being almost nominal. Against these advantages have to be set the risk of having one's crop destroyed by grasshoppers or by the extreme neat or drought, so that the Argentine Repub lic is not quite the agricultural paradise which it has so often been described. London Live Stock Journal. The Boot of the Cotton Plant. The value of the cotton plant (Oos Sypium herbaceum) has been increas ed by the discovery that the bark of the roots yield a promising dyestuff. , Mr. W. C. Staehl reports that when the bark of cotton root is exhausted by al cohol of the specific gravity of 0.84, a dark reddish-brown liquid is obtained, whioh, when distilled to recover the spirit, leaves a resinous matter whioh amounts to 8 per cent, of the original weight of the berk. The new product thus obtained appears black and shin ing, but when pulverized takes the col or of cochineaL It dissolves in 14 parts of alcohol, 15 parts of chloroform, and 122 parts of benzol. It dissolves also in caustio alkalies, and is precipi tated from these solutions by acid. Hy drate of potash colors green. Sul phuric acid dissolves it with a red-brown color. The Man he Waited, A while ago an editor wanted an as sistant and had many applications. The first young man said he had enjoyed two years experience in the business, and thought he understood it thorough ly in all ita branches. But he didn't get the job. Others, with similar quali fications, presented themselves, but were refused. One young man said he had worked in an office, wrote a dear hand and knew how to prepare copy, and wasn't afraid to try any job, though he might not be able to carry tt through, mm he didn't know the whole business yet; and the editor said: "You are the man l wank a want a man wno does sot know the whole business. Then I shall be able to tell him some thing and can run the paper that way." It ianl always well to know too much. DECLARATION OF PURPOSES. Tto rutfcra mt UU finar. ADOPTED BT THI RATIONAL ORAXQE AT ITS SEVENTH AMNl'AL SESSION.' . PREAMBLE. Profoundly impressed with the truth that the National Grange of the United States should definitely proclaim to the world its general objects, we hereby unanimously make this Declaration of Purposes of the Patrons of Husbandry : . GENERAL OBJECTS. 1. United by the strong and faithful tie of Agrioulture, we mutually resolve to labor for the good of our Order, our country and mankind. . 2. We heartily endorse the motto: "In essentials, unity; in non-essentials, liberty ; in all things, charity." ' ' SPECIFIC OBJECTS. '', - 8. We shall endeavor to advance our cause by laboring to accomplish the following objects: To develop a better and higher man hood and womanhood among ourselves. To enhance the oomforts and attrac tions of our homes, and strengthen our attachments to bur pursuits. v To fester mutual understanding and co-operation. To maintain inviolate our laws, and to emulate each, other in labor to hasten the good time coming, ; To reduoe our expenses, both individual and corporate. To buy less and produce more, in order to make our farms self-sustaining. To diversify our crops; and crop no more than we can cultivate. , To condense the weight of our exports, selling less in the bushel and more on hoof and in fleece. To systematize bur work, and calculate intelligently on probabilities. To discountenance the credit system, the mortgage system, the fashion sys tem, and every other system tending to prodigality and bankruptcy. , r, We propose meeting together, work ing together, buying together, selling together, and in general acting together for our mutual protection and advance ment, as occasion may require. We shall avoid litigation as muoh as possi ble by arbitration in the Grange. We shall constantly strive to secure entire harmony, good will, vital brotherhood, among ourselves; and to make our Or der perpetual. We shall earnestly en deavor to suppress personal, local, seo tional and national prejudices,: all un healthy rivalry, all selfish ambition. Faithful adherence to these principles will insure our mental, moral, social and material advancement. . BUSINESS BELATION8. . 4. For our business interests, we de sire to bring producers and consumers, farmers and manufacturers, into ' the most direct and friendly relations pos sible. Hence, we must dispense with a surplus of middlemen, not that we are unfriendly to them, but we do not' need them. Their surplus and their exac tions diminish our profits. We wage no aggressive warfare against any other : interest whatever. On the contrary all our acts all our efforts, so far as business is concerned, are not only for the benefit of the pro ducer and consumer, but also for all other interests that tend to bring these two parties into speedy and economical contact. Hence, we hold, that trans portation companies of every kind are necessary to our success, that their in terests are intimately connected with our interests, and harmonious action is mutually advantageous; keeping in view the first sentence in our declara tion of principles of action that "Indi vidual happiness depends Upon general prosperity." We shall, therefore, advocate for eve ry State the increase in every practible way of all facilities for transporting cheaply to the seaboard, or between home producers and consumers, all the productions of our country. We adopt it as our fixed purpose to "open out the channels in nature's great arteries, that the life blood of commerce may flow freely. We are not enemies of railroads, nav igable and irrigating canals, nor of any corporation that will advance our in dustrial interests, nor of any laboring classes. In our noble Order there ia no com munism, no agrarianism. We are opposed to such spirit and management of any corporation or en terprise as tends to oppress the people and rob them of their just profits. We are not enemies to capital, but oppose the tyranny of monopolies. We long to see the antagonism between capital and labor removed by common consent, and by an enlightened statesmanship worthy of the nineteenth century. We are opposed to excessive salaries, high rates of interest, and exhorbitant per eeni profits in trade. They greatly inorease our burdens, and do not bear a proper proportion to the profits of produoers. We desire only self-protection and the protection of every true interest of our land by legitimate trans actions, legitimate trade and legitimate profits. . . EDUCATION. We shall advocate the cause of edu cation among ourselves and for our children, by all just means within our power. We especially advocate for our agricultural and industrial colleges, that practical agrioulture, domestic science and all the arts whioh adorn the home, be caught In thoir course of study. THE ORANQE NOT PARTISAN. ( ' 5. We emphatically and sincerely as sert the oft-repeated truth taught in our organio law, that the Grange! National, State, or Subordinate, is not a political or party organisation. No Grange, if true to its obligations, can discuss polit ical or religious questions, nor call polit ical conventions, nor nominate candi dates, nor even discuss thoir morita in its meetings. : Yet the principles we teach underlie all true politics, ail true statesmanship; and if properly carried out will tend to purify the whole political atmosphere of our country. For we seek the greatest good to the greatest number. -. We must always bear in mind that no one, by becoming a Patron of Husband ry, gives up that inalienable right and duty whioh belongs to every American citizen, to take a proper interest in the politics of his country. ' . On the contrary, it is right for every member to do all in his power legiti mately, to influence for good the action of any political party to whioh he be longs. It is his duty to do all he can in his own party to put down bribery, corruption and trickery; to see that none but competent, faithful,, and hon est men, who will unflinchingly stand by our industrial interests, are nomi nated for all positions of trust; and to have carried out the principle which should always characterize every Patron, that THE OFFICE SHOULD SEEK THE MAN, AND NOT THE MAN THE OFFIOE. We acknowledge the broad principle that difference of opinion is no erime, and hold that "progress toward truth is made by differences of opinion," while "the fault lies in the bitterness of con troversy." ; ; We desire a proper equality, equity and fairness; protection for the weak, restraint upon the strong; in short, justly distributed burdess, and justly distributed power. These are Ameri can ideas, the very essence of Ameri can independence, and to advocate the contrary is unworthy of the sons and daughters of an American republic. We cherish the belief that sectional ism is, and of right should be dead and buried with the past. Our work is for the present and the future. In our agricultural brotherhood and its pur poses we shall recognize no North, no South, no East, no West, i ' It is reserved by every Patron, as the right of a freeman, to affiliate with any party that will best carry out his prin ciples. OUTSIDE CO-OPEBATION. C. Ours being peculiarly a farmers' institution, we cannot admit all to our ranks. , a Many are excluded by the nature of our organization, not because they are professional men, or artizans, or labor ers, but because they have not a suffi cient direct interest in tilling the soil, or may have some interest in conflict with our purposes. But we appeal to all good citizens for their cordial co operation to assist in our efforts toward reform, that we may eventually remove from our midst, the last vestige of tyr anny and corruption. We hail the general desire for frater nal harmony, equitable compromises, earnest co-operation, as an omen of ' our future success. CONCLUSION. It shall be an abiding principle with us, to relieve any of our oppressed and suffering brotherhood by any means at our command. Last, but not least, we proclaim it among our purposes to inculcate a prop er appreciation of the abilities and sphere of woman as is indicated by admitting her to membership and posi tion in our Order. Imploring the continued sssistsncs of our Divine Master to guide ns in oar work, we here pledge ourselves to faith ful and harmonious labor for all fa tors time, to return by our united efforts to the wisdom, justice, fraternity, and po litical purity of our forefathers. WIT AKD TflZZZtZ, , "Oft to the ant. than alnrard." is all very well ; but if the itagsard will go to a pio-nio, the ant will oome to him. "BiddV said a lady to her servant, "I wish yon would step over and see how old lira. Jones is this morning." In a few minutes Biddy returned with tho information that lira. Jones was seventy-two years, seven months and twenty-eight days old. Cotton seed is selling at , seven dollars, a , ton at Belton, ; The wwwmvww s)MBa gr)rvw ws t wwwa m vva may be a scarcity of that very import ant article at planting time. Farmers should guard against this by not selling out too close. 1 - ' "You smoke a great deal, One," said a friend to Gus De Smith. "Yes, re plied Gus, "particularly after dinner. I have got so in the habit of smoking after dinner, that the dinner fon't taste right when I eat it, unless I have a smoke afterwards." Texas Hitings. ', We have just read a handkerchief flirtation code, and advise all men de siring to avoid breach of promise suits to wipe their mouths with their coat tails. - A Connecticut saloon keeper lost a ' pocket-book containing several hundred ' dollars, and a boy found it and returned it to him. , Tears came to his eyes as he gazed upon the honest boy, and as he opened the pocket-book, unrolled the wad and took out a fifty dollar bill, he said, "You are a goot, honest poy. , Now I vill shake you for the drinxs, and he ' " pU UW U1IJ UUUK U1U UW IU 111 pocket and took down the loaded'dice, and beat the boy. , Ail extensive conflagration, 'caused by the protracted drouth, is I aging in the Dismal Swamp, destroying large quantities of valuable timber and do-, v. lug other tatnage. The smoke from the fire overhangs. Norfolk day and night. The dry weather prevailing in ' North Carolina below that point has in ' some sections so scorched the crop that -the farmers are cutting it off and stack ing it up for fodder, and the rice crop is entirely out off in that state. :- t An exchange has the following, which we know by experience to be "more . . truth than poetry:" "There are some peculiar, eensitive people in this world. A young rowdy will get ripping, raving, staving drunk ; shout, howl, fight, bruise, yell, smash and swear for hours; get grabbed by a policeman, and have his head softened and his nose mashed on the way to the jail, and then whine for an hour to have his name kept from the Eapers, out of regard to the feelings of is poor old mother, who is sick and near death's door.".; ,,'r, ., . ' .'. He came up a little late, stepped in without ringing, and, striding softly into an easy chair with the careless grace of a young man who is accustom ed to the programme. "By Jove!" he said to the figure sitting in dim obscu rity on the sofa "By Jovo I I thought I was never going to see yon alone . again. Your mother never goes away from the house nowadays, does she, Minnie?" "Well, not amazinclv fre quently," 1 cheerfully replied the old ' lady from the sofa, "Minnie's away so much of her time now I have to stay in. uofiiien jsemocrai. . Bachelors In History. ' In antiquity itwasconsidtaed unpatri otic to remain unmarried. Hence bachelors were subject to peculiar dis- -abilities in the Spartan and .Roman code.' They were obliged to pay extra taxes, and under Augustus they were barred from the inheritance of real es tate, exoept from their nearest relatives. Only one of our presidents was a bach elor, and he was a failure. Bachelors are not as successful in life as married men. It is said that one of Washing ton's associated patriots in the revolu tionary - struggle was a celibate. All had the influence of marriage and so- cial life. Hence the tendency against wedlock which marks the present day is among the worst features in society. Speaking of marriage, it should be a complete union of affections and of in tellectual power. It may be added that a man's wife should, to a certain degree, be his partner. She should know something of his risks and finan- cial difficulties, and in this .way the burden of life is often divided. Walter Scott concealed from his wife his con nection with the Bannatynes, which -caused his rata. It is one of the best features in General Grant's character, that he takes his wife along and gives her a full share of those dignities and honors which spring from national grat itude. -Ex. Keeping Sheep en Farms. The National Live Stock Journal thus sums up the reasons who every farmer should have a flock of sheep: "A farm can be stocked with sheep fox leas money than with cattle, horses or hogs. Sheep will come nearer to util izing everything that grows on the farm than other animals. Less labor will be required for getting feed and stock together. The returns will oome in sooner and often er than with any other farm stock except hogs. 'Less money is required for shelter and fenc ing, and leas labor is involved in herd ing, wbert outside pasture is accessible and preferred. And. finally, a hand sons income on the investment eaa be had without the sals of the