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WtiEB OF 1NU1UM;E..
7 ' l!kt Affrt. . ' 1 loulr tL-:rao Monthly. Ona can riot 'judge from the brief ao net J given what are the precise oau m of cU disasters, bnt th rois re. !n tobolieye that ignorance ia roJifio; th'ul ouuy persons have ouly a vatroe riroerine, can not reoognino it when fhey see it, and wo not acquainted with thA virioiw forms iawu.n com manded, or with the pomUiar dangers of handling it carelessly. Nitrogly Serine itself -is' a douse,, yellowish banid.but.in order to diminUhtbo Ul7 ,,l.-iir.lts nan; Una earta. danger i.v-o 1; ound mica, sawdust, or some kinulajr powder, ia saturated with it, and i thfla tha variona blasting-pvwuu re, wit hh dvuamiUJuica fowdoi.dnaUrfrend rock etc., wo formed. Theseconii Bounds can dwtnuwjwrM jrith com- cerino easily drains off from jthe powde and oozeB frorany( crevieo m the sel la which the compound is "Kept. Drops of It thus bedewing tho oJges of a box" may easily be mistaken 'fori oil escaping, . and if yorkmcn ignorantly eutlouvor null tho .bos ttightcr.or to open it for examination there will bo a disastrous explosion. Several have occurred in , past , years in this way. The victims knew, no doubt, that nitro glycerine (or the' compounds) , may :bo exploded by a blow (contact with lire is not needful), but they did not suspect thafthe iunocent-loyking oil was nitro glycerine, ,Why should, not .youth be taught in tho schools somewhat of the practical dangers of these substances which aro coming' into , duch" common use ? They would pursue ' the study with interest, especially 'if there wero judicious experiments. A Missouri story is that a teacher confiscated; small metal box which a pupil 'was playing witn in schbbliiburtaafltHnk lng it contained chewing-gum, tried break it open with a hammer. : It. was a dynamite tovpedo of the 'kind, 'used on the railroad track as a danger signal, and large bits of it had to be cut out of the lady's cheek, Would it not have been well if she had known somewhat of the aspect of torpedoes ? , Was it not more important to the journeyman plumber who threw the lighted .match into the pan of caniphene', mistaking it for water, by which the great printing establishment in Franklin Square was burned some twenty-eight years ago, to know camphene by Bight than to have memorized many of tho matters prominent in a school course? Surely workmen, especially "raw hands," in establishments where these things ate used, should be systematically, instruc ted in advance, and the courts are now enforcing this principle. Fibred Bank Note Paper. The fibred bank note paper on which Americans legal tenders, national bank note currency and government bonds are printed, is made at Dalton, Mass., in an old mill, whose existence dates bake to colonial times. If you should stop at the old paper mill, with proper credentials, you may, perhaps be al lowed to handle a sheet of the crisp fibre paper, or take a peep at the pulp press, where as the wet, grayish pulp is pressed between heavy iron cylin ders, bits of blue and red silk thread are scattered over its face and silken ribs laid on its surface. You may go beyond into the counting room, where each sheet as it comes from the drying room is carefully examined and count ed and then returned to the paper cut ter to be divided into smallar ; shee. If you trace this paper still further you will find that from, the - cutter's hands it passes again to the oounting-room, is separated into little pcokages containing 1,000 sheets each, the amount recorded in a register, and then packed into bundles and stored in fire and burglar proof vaults to await shipment to Ihe United States Treasury. From pulp room toi vault the precious paper ia watched and guarded as carefully as though each sheet were an ounce of gold. Its manufacture, is one of the greatest secrets connected with the government's money making. From the vaults of the paper mill at Dalton to the guarded . storerooms of the Treasury at Washington is but a journey of two or three days. In tho capacious vaults of tho Treasury build ing, among gold and silver and copper and nickel coins, bullion, paper cur rency and official records, you will find thousands of packages of the bank-note paper that is manufactured at Dalton. It comes in little iron safes, such as are used by the Adams Express Company, and each package and every sheet is carefully counted before the manufac turer and express company are relieved of further responsibility. The paper that arrives' to-day may lie in the Treasury storerooms for year?, or it may be sent to the Bureau of Engrav ing and Printed to-morrow, to return in the course of a month's time, a legal tender or band note. New York Sun. Bill Xje on Six. J. James. Laramie Boomerang. e are once more pamea io u- Bonnce the death of EoZ Jesse James, We are nno mora nained to speak of him as the Honorable Jess James because it is possible he y not be dead yet, and we do not de- ere any personalities raked up m cbe.houldbe stiU at large. The rrdar terai-annual death of Jee James h.. been a cause for national forrow for some time. His ebituary ts been vntten seven or eight times by the faltering baud that pons these I lines, and we ute tl young. Death !. 1 ....... J" . v. una marten air. Jimei for it .om. good many times, and now be Las been ogaia butchered to make a Missouri holiday, " ' The soil frow'Malne to California I'm been drenched with his gore, aud the green grits wave above hie ashen in every iKirtiou of our great laud. No man has. perished ironi the face of the earth souUqnitiously as Mr. James, aud nt, America 'i citizen has yielded np hia youug life under such varied and pecu liar' r.irMimtfinpin ' Lay him low whro the boboliuk blos soms ' ou the sweet potato vine, and plant him in the valley whoro the pecan waves. :v I . ,.,.... 1 Born of humble uud pbsoure parent?, he rapidly roso to tUo , proud omineuco of rAmonqvi's loading thief and , uinr doner.," When death marked him as, its victim thelast'timo he was'as promi nent u man as Henry Ward Beecher or Uoscoe' Oonkling.' 'His ' geniu -took a different Bhopt,'it U true, but he won a name as a plunderer which throws the proudeht achievement of our modern bank onshiers book into' cold and clam my obliviefi. ' Death has once more stilled tho puke of a man who, wero It not for his little eccentricities as a hu man "butcher and grand larceny 'con noisseur, would haver made ad elegant humoriat or statesman. .r . ( . Had he pleaded emotional insanity, instead bniakingan outlaw of himself he might now be tolive, loved hd res- pected. Bnt ho wasr.: ignorant of the law,' and thought when a man murdered all the first-class passengers on a train, he would be dealt ' harshly; with and, ostracised. r That is vhere he commit" ted a grave error.' lie went from bad to worsei' and soon he lost all respect for himself. Yellow fever 1 and the James boys have been a great 'fccourge' to this country." The mortality from these combined ' diseases has ' been frightful, m Now that 'Jesse is dead once more, we feel hopeful tliat the country may be: populated without serious, de lftv. Tlei-fif.ofora it has been an uo-hill job, and such men as Dr. Hayford have ien a limes as , luougu iney,, wnuiu sink down and die of discouragement. But now there is hope again. The yel low fever is subdued, and Jesse James again reclines on nis bier. , ... ; ; The census should show A rapid ad vance in the next five years, and boom n i "li i n. .n . in a way inat wm muu.v iuo uiuor na tions sick. Cottonseed for Milch Cows. I have fed cottonseed meal and oil meal daily and freely to my cows for years, and have never round tnat iney gave any unpleasant taste to the milk, ftreflm or butter. I should suppose it would be impossible in the new process of making up oil meal for the market, or this lnavfls a considerable less per centage of oil in it, I am told, than the old method. Cottonseed meal I find makes richer milk than oil meal. I should think that feeding two or three pints per day would make a difference in favor of the former of at least half a pound' of butter per week. This is not, however, a matter of . careful ex periment with me as yet, but simply of observation. " In addition to this differ ence in the quantity of butter, cows keep fatter and in better condition on cottonsed meal than, on oil meal. In NnvAmW. 1886. I had a cow put into my stable in quite lean condition. She was then fed ,three pints of . cottonseed meal per dayj'and in four months she had gained a good condition,, of .flesh, besides increasing her butter one pound more per week from the first of Decem iill turned to pasture than she tVio nrflvious ' winter, when. fed the same rations of oil meal. I am greatly in favor of cottonseed meal, and trust the manufacturers will not adul terate it hereafter, as many either of these or the dealers have done of oil meal, by mixing plaster of Paris or some other nearly as injurious substance with it. The English Agricultural Gazette states that a Mr. Carringtou, who bad been feeding cottonseed meal to his dairy cows, found on changing i r.il mftal that there was a decided falling oil m the 'quantity' of milk given by them. After a few weeks' trial of this ho returned to cottonseed meal, and there followed in two days a marked increase' of milk.- From this trial, we see that with equal quantities rt pntfnriRAf1 and linseed meal fed to cows, that the former produces the most milk. As Mr. Carrington sold his milk he make no experiment witn it, as x did, about butter.. V. Alden in New York Tribune. The Hanging Hardens of Babylon. Xitocris. the spouse of Nebuchadnez zar, is described by M. Baudrillart as j the soul of his worts, ana 10 uer is j uihnf ia flfmVn of the lake named, after her, which served the doable pnr- sfl of a fortification and a dam against . the Euphrates when in flood. The fa- j mous hanging gardens are also attrib uted to female influence, to the longing j of a Median Princess, born in a more . elevated region, for the coolness ardj shade of her native mountains. There . nf these eerdens. about four ; i English acres each, on terraces nppo?-. 1 .i k inmn an ri ve red with moid I U , , . ..,,.. tr to thick enough for the Is. u or.nT contained . hvdraul.c m.-1 hohow. ana J0 l. i auMlitT of ! j cL. tl TuLl wr- " ra .Diiances. inelnd-! :th ffilpStiion of ingirngntLetrj , Tr SIdSSp. i m fjf " Iniuc I , or Hyde 1 art- Narrow lrape from Ittlrrgs. Wble our shrbs were lying quietly at tho foot of this immense and won derful creation of ice, ;t happened that the bergs immediately to the tteaward of us commenced wbirliug alcu in all direciions, acted upon ither by differ eat icUof the tide cauoed by a quiet avalunche at somo short distaneo away, or else by n vast bodily prtsure out ward from the glacier itself. However that may bo our danger was imminent Tho wind wai blowing strongly, so we double-reefed the topHsiln, cast off, and made vail.': Tho only putwige of egress was between two gigantic bergs that towered loftily ''about our mnstbends These irero'faat closing together; wo had to run the gauntlet,' and not ond moment too ? oon ; in fuct, .ten vecouds later 'arid I believe' we should all1 have perished, uiid "the ship have beeii smash ed into pieets.' It was a sight to 'he onoe .'8eta and ever remembered.1 Sir James Boss, standing near the men at tho helm, dirocting by tho motion of him htUid, perfectly eelf-poHBetsed, mure handsomol' nnd noble looking in bis then" cool ' and ' commaudiiiff attitndo When ever, every 'cyo fixed upon him, or pamf ally watching the closing dis tance between the "majestic arbiters of J a fearful deem. Our breath' was held as each and all see'med to' iawuit the in evitable llat of. the ungel of destruction. Moments beoamo hourj as the 1 vessel's length forged through Crash, crash I not a word, not a. movement. The lofty giauts had closed on our quarters, throwed one of our boats inboard on the deck; crashing her and her davits; the ship; checked, staggered for bnb Imoment; the noise'' of her rushing Through the water reverberated up the sidea of the beigs.' when, just as we ex- peuitu w uo oYuruoruo ana ' uung into eternity, our noble vessel, that seemed to share, in the exquisite tension of the moment, slipped through clear of the splendid masses, that, losing all their terror, now commanded our admiration with full liberty of breathing action re sumed. Life was "before us again. The very ship was endeared to her crew from that moment ?- Did she not seem almost to share our joy and relief when, as it were, passing through death's icy grip; she so nobly plunged again into clear water? But a fresh scene had arisen before our eyes. Countless ice bergs of enormous magnitude had gathered round in all directions, oblig ing us again to yield obedience to their sway, unable to thread bur way to the rpen sea. ' Most fortunately the my teri ous commotion in the water had ceased, and these colossal monuments of arctic solitude had became motionless. Wo looked of their summits with a mixed feeling of wonder and awe, and, gazing among the tortuous passages formed by the accidental variety of their positions, were fully impressed with the certainty that no such mighty display of marvel ous panorama would ever again confront our astonished; senses. Commander Cheyne. , The Area of Texas. Washington, April i. Early in the present session of congress, Senator Maxey introduced into the senate and Mr. Wellborn in the house, bills provid ing for settlement of the boundary be tween Texas and the territories north of that state. Senator. Maxey 's bill authorizes the appointment of a joint commission, representing the United States on one side and the state of Texas on the other, who' shall ascertain and determine "which is the true Bed Biver from the confluence westward of the North fork of Bed . Biver and the Prairie Dog Town Fork of said Bed Biver ; that is to say, which of these streams is the true Bed Biver.'" ' By the act of Juno 5, 1858, provision was made for a joint boundary commis sion which began and Continued its labors until sometime in 1861. The field work was at that time completed and the preparation of the report, maps, etc., of the survey , was iu pro gress at tho; land-office in this city, when in January, 18G2, the secretary of the interior directed the immediate termination, of the ' commission. Tho maps and drawings of. the Mirveys being in an unfiLished condition, the report has never been completed. The senate committee on territories has been inquiring into the subject, and after a conference with the secreta ry of the interior, recommend the pass ago of Senator Maxey's bill. Tho State of Texas lays down on her maps the area between the North fork and Prairie Dog Town fork of Bed river as "Greer county," and the interior department lays down tho same area as territory un der the control of the United States, and treats it as such. It is manifestly proper and to the interest of all con cerned that this boundary should be ascertained by a commission in which both the United Stite? end Texas are represented, and then permanently I established. The trouble grow3 out of the phra seolorr of the treatv of 1828 between the United States and Mexico, fixing ihe boundary line lttween these two i republics. The committee cite so much of that treaty (January 12, lb as ; bears in that rint, vir : ' men in that part of the State are now "The boundary line between the two J ssil to be confining thtir farm opera countries wes-t of the Misiiipi i fchall tions to fields bordering the highways begin on the Gnlf of Mexico, at the'ia execution of. a tdnihr harvest of month of the river Sabine, in the sea, frreenlacka. If the thing is worked in continuing torth along the western the way Western tricks on farmers are hank of that river to the 32d degree of J plied, some- Yankee fanner will find latitat; thence by a line doe uorth to J himself safely yoked to a strange wo the degree of latitude where it strikes man, and the man in the case driving U Bio Boxo f Xachitochea, or BJ i away aloa and without leaving the r.iver; thence following the course ef 'greenbacks. Better take the money in the Rio Boxo westward to a degree oj j advance, young man. lloDgitude 100 weal "from London and '!W frow..!Uuntto, Tho boundary of Texas was the en me when admitted iuto tho Union, DfcembiT 27, 1813. It will bo observed that tho treat v wait s no reun-uto to two ptougs or fqrks in tho river, but simply rvquirrts tUe course ot the river to be followed from tho point 'where the line runs due north from the in tersec.iou of the 231 parallel with Ihe west bank of the Sabiuo strikca the Bed lUver webtwardly, or up lied Biver to' t he "' 100th degree of longitude, so thut when the point of confluence of the North Fork ond Prairie Dog Town Fork is reached it is 'a question of fact, which, in the 'Judgement vxfth6 Vmh mittce, can best be determined by an actual survey, which stream should bo followed westward, as the true Bed Biver from Jthkt 6hfc toJtLf " 100th lcgKo west roiigrfudol II I fi. i r Tho bill takes the poinfwhere a lino drawn due north from the i intersection of , the JWd, degree of latitudo. with tho west bunk of the' Sabine 'strikes the Hod Biver as the. initial point, of the proposod survey, because there . is no question that, nor is there any question as to what is the true Bed Biver from that point to 4thp cohllueuce. 'dlouco, micticallv. tho 'only actual inrvey need ed to bo made is of tho North Fork of Bed Biver, and Prairie Dog Town Fork of said river.' ' ' 'v '''. The third section of Ithe bill, makes provision for the United States to pay for the commissioners on their part and Texus to pay for those on her part. New Orleanj Times-Democrat. Krupp's New Guns. ; Novel artillery experiments of an apparently highly iuportaut character took place a few days ego at Messrs. Krupp's great shooting-ground near, Meppen. Trials wte mado with botfi new cannons and "projectiles. A Jew shell, called a "torpedo shell,? was fired from a.2lpentmetreran.) This shell is stated to afford a praotical solution to a problem which has long, engaged the attention of , artillerists, namely, to construct missiles which, after piercing the object aimod at, : shall explode with torpedo-like effect. "Of the new guns experimented with the most important was the pivot cannon, specially destined for the equipment of gunboats. The pivot, upon the top of which the cannon is fixed, is prolonged right down into the hole of the vessel, where it is turned, and so moves with it the cannon above in any direction. This contri vance, it is asserted,; quite obviates any rebound, even after the firing of a heavy charge. It also contributes greatly to insure the succcess of aim, and at the same time gives increased velocity to the projectiles. This pivot system may, it is stated, even when the guns are of a large bore such as thirty, thirty-five and forty centimetres be emproyed for the equipment of small gunboats. It is estimated that the cost and equipment of ' each of these pivot gunboats would not bo more that a tenth of a large frigate, and it is insisted that they would be far. more effective instruments of destruction, on account of their swiftness and the facil ity with which they are managed. Ber tin Cor. London Standard. Amole 1 Plant That TielOs Soap. These cacti grow on the American Continent from mount Shasta on the north to a similar latitude in South America, and from Pacific coast to the east of the Bio GtandtS, through New Mexico and Western Texas. The Flower stalks are destitute of leaves, but are plentifully supplied with branches about eighteen inches long, from which flowers of white and yellow colors are suspended in the flowering season. The bulbous root is from one to six inches in diameter'and from' six to eighteen inches long. A saponaceous juice is expressed from tho root, aud tho fibor of the leaves is hackled for tho manufacture of matress es, cushions and chair seats. The veg etable soap extracted from tho root has been used by the Indians, Mexicans and others for many years as a hair wash, and exceeds in purity our manu facture from animal substances. Cattle eat the leaves in the spring as a purgative. And cut into bits and thrown on water where fish abound the effect is stupefaction of thej fish, when they can be easily taken. The price among the Indians and Mexicaus, who sell it in Tucson, is five cent! for a bunch of two stalks inter laced (mancuerna). For cleaning flannel3 the aniola is found vastly superior. Tucxon Citi zen. A Toirxo farmer near Springfield, Maes., to working in a field near the highway the other day, when a man and woman come alontf in a carriage, and the man aked the farmer if be would marry the woman if he would give him $500. 'Barkis was willin'," and the three went to the nearest justice; the knot was tied, the money paid, ana tne man and woman drove away, and have not been heard vl since. All tne young WIT AND WISDOM Jano," he said, I thinkif you lifted your feet from the fire we might hare some heat in the room." And thej had not beon married long. .... , 4 . 1 . , ; A LorisviLLK bill collector, m he says, called upon a creditor. 1124 times before ho got ui money. IVrMverance will saw a tree down with a hair pin. An old couple wero walking down the street the other day reading uigns, when they ran across one which the old man read thus: "Johnson's Shirt Store." "Well. I declarer cxclaimod tbo old lady, "I wonder how he tore it?" ( "ft ; , . I. in i . I . ; Bewahe of little things. A black feed," no larger than n ' pin-point, ' will grow an onion that may taint the breath enough to break up a betrothal, ruin a Sunday-school, and shatter the good tutentious of, a aewiDg-pirclejy. i Nevf.k go into a newspaper office ,to slioot tho editor.' Ifybii'.d("yon had better take your coffin along. Many editors, havo skeletons in their closets, aud. it 'is no. uncommon thing for "ghosts" to bo found uboot tho haunts of printers. !!'. t 1 - He was sitting on - the club-house steps, when a gentleman came up to him and asked him if there was a gem tleinan with ono'eje named Walker in ' the club, I don't know," was the an swer, "what's tho namo of the other eyo.?r... , .i," Tub laziest man Is, on a western pa per. He spoils photograph "ltograph." . There, have been only three, worse than ho, ,,Oho.lived;out in Kausas and dated his letters "llworth," another- spelled Tennessee "10aC," and the other wrote Wyandotto "Y&." -r v v i . . i ,, . - ;mSee here," said a fault-finding hus hiin.l tn hia wife, "wo must have thincs arranged in this houBO so we shall know just where every tlnug is Kept. wuu all my heart," she sweetly answered; "and let us begin with your late hours, my love; I should dearly like to 'know where they are . kept." He let things run on as usual," ' , . - The Medical Student's Primer. What place is this ? This is the Pathe logical Society.- How does one know it is Pathological Society? You know it by the specimens and the smells. ' , , What is that on a plate? It is a tu mor. It is a very large tumor. It weighs one hundred aud twelve pounds. Tho; patient .: weighed eighty -eight pounds. Was the tumor removed from the patient? No, the patient was re- ' moved from the tumor. Did they save the patient? No, but they save the tumor. ' ' ' What is this in the bottle? It is a tapeworm. It is a long tapeworm; it is three-quarters of a mile long. Is that much for a tapeworm? It is, indeed, much. for a tapeworm, but not much for the Pathological Society. , Leaving iMan In the Lurch. Tf wm nn a Ktreofc car. A man with a very hoarse voice looked across the aisle at a man witn a country satcnei Deiween his feet, and said : 1 , , : "Wintry day, isn't it?" , ' "Hev?" called the other as he put his hand to his ear, .'.,.' , - .. i. ; "Seems like winter, doesn t it? , shouted the man with the hoarse voice. "Hey? hey?" asked the deaf man. "ITfl. savs " becran a man who :was standing up, "he says it seems like win ter." ' '" " ' " At this moment the hoarse-voiced man rose up and slid but of the car. As he did so the deaf man rose up, laid two parcels on the seat, and called out : "Speak louder I'm deaf I". '''," ; "Ha aavB it seems like winter I" bawled tho man standing up. "Who says so i He turned around to the hoarse voiced man, but that person had skipped. : "Who says so?" demanded the deaf man. , "I I why, I say so." ; "Well,' what of it? Haven't I sense enough to know that this is winter weather? Don't try any of your , guys . on me or I'll knock the top of your head off." Then the deaf man sat down nd the "middleman" sneaked out and dropped off the car and said he would spend the rest of his life in looking for the hoarse voiced man. ' ' . After Twenty Years. A man in Missouri the other day was trying to raise $50. He exhausted his resources in vain and was about giving up in despair. A sudden thought struck him. Arising he girt his loins about him and hied hica to Little Back. Leaving the train ho made his way to the State House, inserted his fingers ' into a crevice in the foundation and drew out a $100 bill which he bad se creted while a prisoner at Little Bock during the war, nearly twenty years before, but whose existence he had quite forgotten, even daring previous occasions when much in need of money. "As I took the bill from its hiding place," says the old man or the reporter "a flood of recollections poured over me. For a moment I could see the hungry faces around me, I could tee ragged forms, and I could Lear th . half plain tive, half regretful voices around roe. I felt for a moment as I must have felt when I placed the money in its bidi place; and, upon my word, although I Lad eaten a hearty dinner, I felt for a t;me as though I could eat a roasted mule."