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5AN MAECOS FREE PRESS.
r. H. fULIAN, Poblianer. BAN MARCOS, - TEXAS TEXAS TOI'ICS. Sixteen thousand boxes of fruit W been shipped from Tyler this season. Tullna is putting on more mstro in. ... t, illiiminatinff with the puufcau mm j w electrio light. The number of sheep In Coleman l- .....nt snor.O. valued at 174,030 dollars. Tr Tpxas brothers, eightlfeettall have applied for positions on tho New York police force. The cash balance in tho State Treasury has, according to late reports, reached the handsome sum of $1,500, 000k Tho experimental farm of the Tex as Pacific Railroad Company, near Baird, seems to be doing very well. The wheat, corn, oats rye, barley etc., have thriven and done well. The Texas Wool Journal, says that Throckmorton county has 17,957 sheep. The amount of land owned for grazing purposes is 7,980 acres. Some of the sheep owners own no land. Tho following are the Democratic Chairmen in their respective di&tricts : First district, E. P. Hill, of Houston; second, district, John Brooks, of San Augustine; third district,. II. Turner of Marshall; fourth district, R. M. Hen derson.of Sulphur Springs; fifth dis trict J. W. Booth, of Decatur; sixth district, M. A. Otis, of Cleburne; sev enth district, O. C. Sweeney, of Galves ton; eighth district, A. H. Phelps, of Lagrange ; ninth district, L. C. Alex ander, of Waco ; tenth district, Gen. N G. Shelly of Austin; eleventh district. C. K. Bell, of Hamilton. It was the intention of the Natches, Red River, and Texas Railroad Compa ny to have begun on Monday, August Uth actively the work of grading, track laying, etc., on their road, but the re cent strike of all the hands except Mr. M. J. Greanys may interfere somewhat with their plans. The strike cannot entirely stop work, as by Monday the company will have a big force of con victs that they will put to work and the construction of the railroad will be pushed vigorously forward to Trinity ,in time to handle this year's cotton crop. Giddine Plaindealer: The three ent law passed by our last Legislature has brought a great revolution in tho kind of cash used for change! The South has never before been Yankeeized with pennies copper cents, but now that the railroad companies are subject to fines for taking more than the regu lar fare, they have brought into the State to use in making change when fare is paid, a largo amount of pennies, and this introduction will soon place the pennies in common use, and when hereafter, we want but ono peach, we will not be obliged to take five ; and when the urchin wants to go fishing he will not be compelled to tie five fish hooks on his line when he wants but one. The Texas & St. Louis Narrow Guage railroad, which is being built through Arkansas and Northern Texas, is making rapid strides toward comple tion. It is now completed forty miles beyond Waco, Texas, on its way to the Rio Grande, and northwardly track laying has reached the Red river, twenty-five miles from Texarkana. By September 1st the road will be in op eration from Pine Bluff to Camden, Arkansas, and from Clarendon, on the uiaauoa u vu vtvuusu9 vu ti-iV i White river, to a point which will cross ! the Memphis & Little Rock. It will i also be finished by the same date from Bird's Point, Missouri, opposite Cairo, to Jonesboro, Arkansas, a distance of 125 miles, making a total of 572 miles. Track-laying on the other part of the line is progressing at the rato of fifty to sixty miles per month. The entire road acrofs Arkansas will be completed i by October 15th. Contracts are let for nine hundred fn ight cars, fifty caboos- " j M. fiftr stock-cars and ftr looornrv tires, in addition to those already in ! ... I use, wtach will give the road when . . .... . vdih cmcers, except more o. complete an equipment of sixteen hnn- J Witi flo,ooo a year and pension when dred freight-cars and seventy locoxao- i they retire; with a library, a body serv tive. The Pullmans are building the ant, three or six month's vacation every entire passenger equipment, which will j tbe respect of all mankind. indaie six sleeper and cars for eight foil trains. The country thronga which this road passes is frapidly filling cp, and land is increasing in value at a wonderful rate. Land, which before the road was started, could have been bought at 75 cents an acre, is now sell ing at from $5 to $8 "per acre. The timber along the line is both fine and abundant. More thsn fifty new saw mills have been put in operation with in . . The company is also build- i i .nti.n enmnress in East IDg Wg" vw..w- r-- Hf T.nnl.1. where the cotton which will come over this line will be handled and prepared for eastern shipment. Benjamin Harvey IHH. The wires convey to us the intelli gence that Georgia's greatest statesman t.. Viaah relieved of his bodily suffer ings-tbat ho has passed over into the mysterious future. The tongue that U- wont to thrill audiences is stilled, thn Una that spoke words of fire are for ever hushed, tho stately form that was admired for its gTandeur is prostrate. Tim thers us all into the granary of tho dead, bat the sickle cuts off only rmflfl in manv vears a mortal possessed of a soul like that of Benjamin Harvey Hill. Born of chivalric southern blood, and educated in a circle where man's honor was held priceless, it is not un natural that Ben Hill, possessed or genius ard burning with the nres mat belong to his nativity, made a name that is immortal. Not alone in Geor gia, but throughout the United States and the civilized world, the name of Ben Hill has become a household word. He was moulded after the fashion of one of Virginia's greatest statesmen and orators, Henry A. Wise; bold and den ant because of his advocacy of truth, and thus a leader of men ; great in his eloquence, convincing in his logic, pro found in thought, and thus not only a political leader but a statesman. Ben Hill was already known as a great man in Georgia long before the war. He was a powerful stump speaker, a brave partisan, and was early in life honored with a public position by the people o his state. The impress of his genius was felt for Georgia's good in the legis lative councils, and then his towering genius lifted him beyond this sphere and into the federal councils at Wash ington. He was an original secession ist, and belonged to the Davis school, thus incurring tho enmity of hiscotem poraries, Stephens and Brown. He was defeated in his first race for con gress in nominating convention for the ninth Georgia district by Garnet Mc- Mullen, who died before he took his seat. Hill was made his successor, and his first speech in the house was made in opposition to Blaine's proposition in the amnesty bill regarding Mr. Jeffer son Davis. This gave him great dis tinction, and he has remained the brave political defender of the south. Had he lived, his term as senator would have expired next March. As it is, his place must be filled by appointment, and the probabilities are that General John B. Gordon will be named to fill out the unexpired term. Peace be with the ashes of Ben Hill ! He was a true and brave man, swerving neither to the right nor the left for policy sake, an honest and sometimes on indiscreet leader, but the embodiment of nobility. Justin Statesman. The Judges. Says a Washington letter to the Plila delphia Press: For high-toned per ouibites. privileges and luxuries, the jolly old owls oa the Supreme Court bench would take the premium at the world's fair they would take the cake, tho oven, the baker and the farmer's wheat field. In the first place every one of the Judges has a room in his house furnished by the government luxuriously a perfect library in itself. Tli walla are covered with book cases filled with law books of great value and usefulness, the floors are richly carpet ed, a treat, massive desk occupies the center of the room,moroc;o lounges and CUBITS AUVilrO J UU IU ICpUOCj tUZli the body servent ia just without the door awaiting the tinkle of the silver easv cncira invite you to repose, ana hpll. These, including the bodv serv ant, are paid out of Uncle Sam's pouch. If you go dine with a judge, or a sec retary, an assistant secretary, or an as sistant anything, or a Senator, behind your chair you will probably find a waiter, paid for by the government as a messenger or a laborer. Each judge has bis own man. Tho Supreme Court has more officers and men than any similar institution in the world thrice over. One thing the judges have not . a ' 1 1 - J .1-1 except vu uhts uj cerruuujr, uu ma i rarriapp Manr. in.1i1 neiu-lv All nf them, drive theirown private carriages, Vm n sill -fVt MetAAta sa sirAnf - 1 tie Supreme Court Judges can walk along the Bowery paths leading to old aire with the jolly idea that they are lady as well as wise. Sir John Lubbock on AnU and Bees. Few acientiflo workers have spread their interest over so wide a field as Sir John Lubbock; and yet it is not diffi cult to traoo a certain thread of contin uity running through all the subjects to which he devotes his leisure with such excellent effect. For example, his researches into the origin of civil ization and into the habits of Fnts and bees, diverse as they appear, Lave still this point in common, that both deal with the evolution of social communi ties from lower sporadio types of life. Indeed, he holds that, though the an thropoid apes approach nearest of all animals to man in bodily structure, the ants may fairly rank next to us in social organization and in general intelli gence. They even show certain indi cations of progressive development within their own class; for some ruder species live mainly by the chase, like hunting savages; other more highly evolved types have domesticated the aphides, and so resemble the pastoral races of mankind; while still higher kinds, such as the harvesting ants, have reached the agricultural stage of civiliz ation. Their marked division of labor, their institution of slavery, their elab orate architecture, and their regular roadways, all bring into strong relief the analogy of their nests to human so cieties. When Sir John Lubbock began lus experiments he intended to conduct them chiefly with bees and wasps. He oon found, however, that those sting ing and flvinc insects were unpleas antly excitable in temper, and that ants were much easier creatures to ooserve from every point of view. To ants, ac cordingly, the larger part of tne vol ume, in dflvntad. The particulars about the different modes of fighting adopted by the various species, their manner of building, their athletic games, their drunken actions, are often ludicrously quaint in their suggestivemss of hu man analogies. Even more so are the facts as to their domestic animais, which Sir John Lubbock has very spe cially investigated. Besides the aphides, which they milk as cows (to adopt the usual simile), and whose eggs they pre served through the winter, they keep several other domesticated insects, be lnnmnff to over 500 species. Most of them, including the two commonest, a hfietle and a wood-louse, have lived so long in their underground homes that they have become quite blind by disuse of their eyes; many of them seem to produce secretions which the ants eat; while others appear to act as scavengers, or to emit agreeable odors. In some cases the insects are so helpless that they have to be fed by their masters. Equal ly curious are the relations subsisting between the different kinds of ants themselves. One small species lives in the walls which partition the nests of a larger neighbor; and these occa sionally carry off the larva3 of their in voluntary hosts as food. In another case a smaller kind seem to be kept like cats by its bigger kinsmen'. Such instances, together with the common theft of pupse, help to explain the origin of ant-slaver; for stolen pupa) are of ten kept for awhile before being de vouredjust as among cannibal savageB slaves may have arisen from the habit of. keeping and fattening any surplus captives taken in battle and not imme diately required for food. The facts as to the eggs occasionally laid by workers, both among ants and bees, from which males are always hatched, seem full of significance for the solu tion of a famous problem in evolution how worker bees can inherit their instincts from an unbroken ancestry of queens and drones, none of whom ever possessed them. If the worker's eggs hatched out workers, they would, of coarse, enter very little, or not at ail, into the pedigree of the nest or hive. But through their male offspring they may really contribute regularly to keep up the standard of instinct in their race. , , , . Sir John Lubbock has watched his ants, bees and wasps hour after hour with unceasing fidelity, and has chroni cled their movements with the minutest patience. Moreover he has employed direct experiments far more fully than any previous investigator in this field devising most ingenious plans for get ting the insects unsonsciously to dis play their intelligence or siupiuij, their moral feeling or their unscrupul ous selfishness. On the whole, both aa regards bees and ants, the results of these admirable researches is rather derogatory to the intellect and the mo rals of the social insect. Their good hmp ira all of the most common- istio sort; there is little Individual feel ing, little spontaneity of effort among them in any way. They are very Indus trious; they will fight recklessly for their hive or their nest; they will ao cept death unhesitatingly for the com mon advantage; and they will even turn themselves into living honey jars on behalf of the community to which they belong. But they exhibit few signs of personal affection; they are utterly careless of one another s lives; and they seldom perform any act; in short, members of an insect phalanste ry which knows no ethical principle ex cept the collective good. As to intelli gence, Sir John Lubbock rather inclines to the belief that ants possess some rude means of inter-communication; and certainly it is hard for any one who has watched them clopely to resmt the conviction that they talk to one another somehow with their antenna). The experiments on the perception of color by bees conclusively prove that these insects can distinguish all the prismatic hues as well as we ourselves, and help to throw light upon the origin and development of colored flowers. Altogether the book is as interesting as it is valuable ; and the lucid simplicity of its style, unencumbered by any un necessary technicalities, is sure to make it a popular favorite. St. James' Ga zette. . Snake Stories. This, says the New York Tribune, is a sood month for snakes in Pennsyl vania, and the papers of that imperial commonwealth are full of their doings Here are a few of them: Marearet Kane, Mauch Chunk, walk- inff in bare feet, stepped upon a vicious copperhead, which at once immodestly buried its fangs m the calf oi her leg She was stupefied with liquor, and a A fosfonfid on the wound. The toad obligingly absorbed the poison and died, and the little girl recovered Mrs. Benjamin Ritter, of Strasburg, waa encased in the familiar act oi ad iustine a switch of false hair when she heard a hissing sound proceeding from the back of her head. What she had supposed to be a coil of hair proved to be a black snake, which she promptly dispatched. Sauire Clouser, of New Broomfield whose veracity has been unimpeached for vears. set a box trap for squirrels A scrairrel sprang the trap, leaving room, however, for a mouse to enter. A coDoerhead snake followed and de voured the mouse." which so increased the snake's bulk that it could not re treat. Squire Clouser came within an ace of being the third victim, but es caped in triumph with three kinds of game. John Bossier, of Donegal, heard an ominous rattle while working in the harvest field, but paid no heed to it. A moment later a huge rattlesnake fast ened on his hand. He sucked tho poison from the wound, drank three pints of whisky, took a powerful emetio m1 i Anirur well. Another paper says that a Hillsboro county, N. H., farmer has not been obliged to buy any Paris green this year, although the potato bu rs were never more plenty. A blacksnake, fully six feet long, goes along between the rows and plucks the bugs clean fiom the hills. This the snake continues until his appetite is satisfied, and he does his work so thoroughly thai the farmer has not had to pick the bugs at all. ' The snake can bo seen at his work nearly every day. American Sewspapeis in 1SS2. The American Newspaper Directory, which will be issued next month by George P. Rowell & Co., of New York, will contain the names of 10,611 peri odicals in the United State and Terri tories, which is a gain of 344 in the year just passed. The number of daily papers has increased in a somewhat larger proportion, and is now represen ts bv a, total of 996. ajrainst 921 in 18S1. The largest increase has been i-r, Van? Vnur 111 (lailiAn. 29 of all imrts. 1 14 . " .v.. F Illinois and Missouri show a percentage issues. California, Nebraka. Nevada, Oregon, Sonth Carolina, Tennes!e, Vermont and West Virginia have fal len behind 1SS1 in the total nnmber periodicals issued. In Georgia, Maine, and Massachusetts the suspension have exactly counterbalenced the new ven tnres. In every State not mentioned above, and in the Territories there Las been an increase, A Chicago preacher says all news papers, except religious ones, should be sur pressed. Now, don't be disgusted with him and consider Lief a bigoted old a is. When yoa come to consider that the papers he sees are Chicago pa pers, jou can at least feel that be has some excuse for Lis idea . Bat ton PotL A Blind and Deaf Kent nek Un, Though Morrison Heady, of Kea tucky, is blind as a bat and deaf U post, he is a marvel of mechanical d. terity, of inventive genius, and of dear and quick cogitation. One Beeing hha walking the streets of Louisville with head erect and strong tread, holding! little boy by the hand, would not su pect his disabilities, nor, watching hia at the counter of a hardware store, pm chasing a knife, would .an observer think anything of the matter, unless he happened to note that the dealer spoks no word, but only touched the hand of the customer. Among his inventions is a leather glove with the letters of the alphabet painted on it. You can talk to him as fast as you can touch those let. ters with the end of your finger. Att. other invention is a mechanical writing machine, with which he can write and others can transcribe. The machine pricks its way along the paper, and he can read his own writing by the sense of touch. Others can use the machine to write out for him anything not pro curable in blind type, and he can then read it with his fingers and indirectly have access to the literary gems which would otherwise be a sealed book to him. Usually a blind man can hear but it is useless to read to Heady. His speech is as clear and sharp as that of g man of education, combined with great force of will and perfect faculties. Since he cannot hear himself speak, the faot is a remarkable psychio puzzle for the best of us learn accuracy of pro nunciation and distinctness of enuncia tion by dint of long practice and study, educating ourselves by the aid of our ears and eyes. Among his other ac complishments this ' man numbers the art of poetry. Several years ago he published a volume of poetry. We have just received a pamphlet of 20 pages containing some selections from his unpublished compositions. At ev ery point he is a master. Iambic pent ameter rolls from his machine aa easily as iambio tetrameter rippled from Scott's pen. The reader who has never seen this man's poetry will be incredu lous, but a glance down a few pages of hexameter will convinoe any one that Heady can write any sort of poetry he likes. New, Orleans Picayune. Told in llis Own Way. A Colored man named Bob Tomp kins was on trial last week before an Austin justice for assault. Old Mose was one of the leading witnesses for the State. Tho main point was whether or not Tompkins had given any provoca tion to bring on the row. "Now, tell the jury all you know about the affair," said tho justice. "Kin I tell de jury all I kbwns in my own way?" asked old Mose. "Yes, tell the jury what you know in your own way. Old Mose turned solemnly to the ex pectant jurymen. "Gem'mens ob de jury, you am de meanest lookin' crowd eber I seed " "Stop!" howled the attorney for the State. "Your Honor will incarcerate the witness for contempt of court 1" howled the attorney for the prisoner. The foreman of the jury got up and asked the court to protect the jury from insult. "Witness, if you insult the jury again I shall certainly rosort to extreme measures." "I'm not gwine ter consult nobody ef you don't interfere with me," said old Mose, sullenly. "Proceed." "Gem'mens ob de jury, youaai de meanest looking crowd eber I seed out side ob a jail " The prosecuting attorney jumped up and down. The foreman of the jury once more howled "You honor 1" The constable laid his heavy hand on the collar of old Mose, when the latter calmly repeated to the jury : You am de meanest-loo kin cro" I A V eber x 8eed ontside ob a iaiL Pern waa de berry words de prisoner to used when he fust come inter de Mr room, and which led to de row. The foreman tat down quick, ij" attorneys doubled up like jk-kmj" with suppressed laughter. fli smiled. The spectators roared; ww old Mose, with a surprised look of ieh innocence, once more said eop ticallytothe cowed jurymen: , eber I aeecf outside ob de jail- A Sifting $ ' A ExraicTOBT child: I decUre exclaimed Mrs. Tidinice, 'I neTer J. a girl like our Sary Jane. I ort eenaoost two bull days on be Ulhia' dres, and donl yon tlik. got it wet the fast time sle pit it