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m MARCOS FREE PRESS.
X. TL JULIAN, Publiahsj. BAN MARCOS, TEXAS TEX AH TOPICS. The Texaa & New Orleans railroad has issued bonds for the purpose of ac quiring the Sabine and east Texas road. Colorado County renders for as sessment 7,800 horses and mules, 4-1,-0G0 cattle, 1,408 sheep and 1,402 hogs. Ellcs County pays taxes on 13, 875 horses and mules; 31,023 cattle, CO jacks, 2,183 sheep, 8,280 hogs and 101 goats. The Texas & Pacifio railroad has contracted with one firm in Texas to move one million bushels of corn dur ing September and October. Heavy and protracted rains have prevailed throughout Western Texas during the past few weeks, resulting in unprecedented floods and great damage to property, live stock and growing crops. The Concho and Colorado riv ers and tributaries have been higher than ever before known. The town of Ben Ficklin, in Tom Green County, was entirely swept away by the flood and about forty persons known to have been drowned. Dallas Times : It is said that Jay Gould has secured the control of the eoal trade in Texas, having bought or leased the mines in the Indian Terri tory, which have heretofore supplied us wito fuel. "We do not know that he has purchased or leased, but it is high ly probable. Such being the case, God help the poor ! The people once suf fered under the price of a dollar per barrel, but if Jay has his claws on the mines we will, next winter, be thank ful if we can get coal at one dollar a quart. Dallas Herald. "Chronic grumb- ' lers have exhausted all means of killing the cotton crop," remarked a prominent farmer of this county to a Herald re porter yesterday. "First they said that the crop would be ruined by the drouth if there was not rain. The rain came in due time, and then they said there was too much and that the crop was ruined sure. Then they talked and fretted about the boll-worm. When this turned out to be a great bugaboo they said that the weeds bad taken the crop. Now they are complaining that there is so much cotton that it is actually break ing the strong plants down, and the next cry you hear from the croakers will be that the crop will go to waste because enough labor cannot be got to ick it." Educated Men. In the great city of New York, many men of fine education find it bitterly hard to keep themselves in bread and butter. While a skillful workman can always command good wages, those who are "willing to do anything" which means tney Enow now to uo mtie or nothing have no chance at all ; there are a hundred applicants for every . vacancy. "No small number cf the searchers for places," says a reporter who has examined the subject, "are native Americans. With neither trade nor profession, they are forced to take whatever offers and nothing offers Many cf them are educated men, who can conjugate a Greek verb without difficulty. But greek verbs, however ornamental, are poor Btock in trade. A thorough, classical education, however desirable it may be, is of little use in the employment market unless backed by some useful, practical knowledge. College graduates are standing on every corner looking for work. If any person should desire to ride up Broad way in a coach drawn by a score of ac complished collegians, he would have no trouble in employing them, even if he offered them no more than their board." A man who "had pawned his clothes to pay for this advertisement," advertises that he wants work of any kind where he can earn his board. What a sad story the pathetio appeal tells of that hope deferred which mak eta the heart sick. Cattle Xillionaim. With the present high prices of beef, and the cow literally jumping over the moon, Wyoming cattle men are reaping a rich harvest, and many of them will make almost independent fortunes this tummer. The rise has been so rapid and the transfers are made so easily that large transactions are made every day in which the buyer does sot see a hoof of bis porchaie and very likely does not actually use mora than one half of the purchase money in the trade before he has sold and made an enor mous margin in the deal. A year ago a Laramie plains cattle man was offered a large Utah herd and ranch for $70,000, which offer was ac cepted at the moment butlater rejected. Since that the Utah man sold (15,000 worth of the herd, then sold the ranch for $4,500,afterward put $9,000 more into the bunch and last week sold it for $140,000. In other words, the Utah man is to-day ahead over $110,000 because his last year's offer was not accepted. Several years ago one of the most prominent cattle men in Wyoming, who can to-day easily command $1,000,000 for a cattle trade without impairing his 1)11 R1T1 RAH went to Boston to negotiate a loan with Massachusetts capitalists. lie met an old man who knew more about per cent, than he did about Wyoming and Colorado cattle, and began to talk business. He said that he was making large profits, on his present investments, and, therefore, ho wanted to put more capital into the business, very naturally, to increase hia income. Mr. Moneybags asked what security would be given. "I would secure the loan by mortgage on my herd, sir." "Where are your cattle?" "Some in Wyoning, some in Nebras ka and and some in Colorado." "How much, land have you under fence?" "None." "How much land do you own?" Not a foot." "Whose land does your stock graze on?" "Government land." "How often do you soe your cattle?" "Once a year." "Don't you have a herder with them ?" "No sir." "Well, young man, I would as soon loan you money on herring in Boston harbor." A Cheyenne man who don't pretend to know a maverick from a madomus, has made a neat little margin of $15,000 this summer in small transaction and hasn't seen a cow yet that he has bought and sold. Cheyenne is wild over the market and Sixteenth street is a young Wall street. Millions are talked of as lightly as nickles, and all kinds of peo ple in all professions are dabbling in steers. The Chief Justice of the Su preme Court has recently succumbed to the contagious excitement and gone to purchase a $40,000 herd. Everywhere the excitement is as bad as it ever was in mining stocKs in tne old palmv days of Comstock. How long this thing will continue is a mat ter of pure speculation. Whether the laboring classes of the "States" will eat porter house steaks when they taste like a government bond, or quit all at once and knock the bottom out of the Chicago market, no man knows to a dead moral certainty. Of course all is smooth sailing now, but we doubt the propriety of fooling with this thing right along for six months, for one of these days buyers will insist on a deliv ery of the goods and sales cannot be made immediately enough to omit the universal kerplunk. We may not be using the correct terms, perhaps, but our meaning may be readily gathered. Boomerang. Egyptian History. BY EUOENB LAWRENCE. Egypt ia the most interesting of countries, because it is probably the oldest. We borrow from it nearly all our arts and sciences, and have only improved upon what the Egyptaina taught us. Oar alphabet and the art of writing came from the banks of the Nile. It was carried to Phoenicia, then to Greece and Borne, and then to Eu rope and America. The Egyptains in deraonlv under the protection of foreign power. Harper's Young People. A rieasant Experiment With Salt. Do you want to grow salt and at the same time have an interesting, hand' Near the Crater of Yesnvlus. Arriving at the edge of the 172 ora ter from the west, one crosses the oratei plain and arrives at a low, semi-circular ridge, with an average height of about twenty feet. Ascending this rimlike heap of scoria, one observes ocoupying its irregular bottom f uma-roles and yel low patches of decomposing lava. The vented the lever, by which all engines complete crater of July is formed of are moved, and electricity ana steam ridge, together with the southern made useful. Egyptian glaBB-maJters, Dortjon 0f the former cone of eruption. gold-smiths, painters, weavers, builders Within this space rose another cone of and stone-cutters, miners, gardeners, eraDtion . whose center was occupied by and even poets and historians, have the main vent. On this occasion it was taught the arts to Western nations; nossible to approach within a few yards Moses studied in the Egyptain colleges, t tne eat mouth, from which issued and Joseph and his father looked upon j.Qe column of vapor and momentary its Pyramids and temples with wonder. affa ot flui(j jaVfl fragments. Thus it The land of Egypt is a deposit of wiU be seen that there aro at present mud brought down by the floods of the three cones and craters one within the Nile from the mountains of Middle 0tner. TbiSf however, wa3 rot the most Africa. Every year the river overflows interesting point. In the lava of the its banks, and renews the fertility of gj.eat a we discovered a great cone the soil by a new deposit, ana tneso or lava tunnel about eight feet high, regular inundations have been so pro- twenty or thirty feet long and fifteen vided for by embankments and canals eet broad, but with a general slopo as to be seldom dangerous. The Wile downward. The roof was composed of scarcely ever sweeps away the flocks java about ejgtt months old, but much and harvests of the farmers, like the decomposed. The whole cave present- Mississippi. It would be well if the ed one glistening forest of stalactites; Mississippi could be made as useful as somQ fcliree hundred about were count- the Nile. pa fiisn stalagmites. Most of these This flat land of mud rests on rocks were from two to three feet long, and and sand. On each side of it is a de- a few twice that length; many, how Bert, bare, hot, and stifling. A desert ever, with a uniform diameter of less divides it from Asia. It is isolated from than an inch throughout, and tubular, the world, and here for several thou- divided by seyta, reminding one of the sand years the Egyptain Pharaohs ruled Orthoceras in structure. The colors over an obedient people, and these peo- most various and beautiful; birds's-egg pie invented and practiced those useful blue, aqua-marine, salmon, white, yellow arts which they were afterwards to teach and reddish brown, and many variega to others. . The first King of Egypt is ted in these colors. The effect was, the suppose to have been Menes; he reign- eyes quitting the rugged and fierce ed about 3000 b. c. llurty-one dynas- Bcene8 around seemed to rest on some ties or families of Kings follow Menes, fairy cave. On attempting to approach and the Egyptain kingdom had lasted tne entrance the gust of hot air redo more than two thousand five hundred ien w;th hydrochloric acid vapor al years when it was conquered by Alex- m0Bt prevented one from making an ander the Great. The Assyrians, Per- attempt at an entrance. However, these sians, and even the Ethiopians, had beautiful and interesting prizes deter conquered it before, but had been dn- mined me to make an endeavor. Nose ven out by the rising of the people. and mouth muffled, and having placed For two thousand years the Egyptains both my friends; one on each side o were free and united. The oldest the entrance with a strap, made a dive modern kingdom counts scarcely eight down some steps. The effort was at hundred years, and our own govern- first almost suffocation, stinging of the ment nearly one hundred. conjunctiva, and a profuse perspiration, The Egyptains were a dark-oolored To grab a few of these stalactites near race, and came probably from Asia, at hand and return with them was the They lived alone upon the banks of work of a minute, then the hearty pull the Nile, shut out from the world. All up by my friends, a fit of coughing, and Europe was then a wilderness filled with a little fresh air restored me. This was wild beasts and a few savage men. AH repeated eight times, during which : was waste and desolate. The savage was able to obtain all the best speci people who surrounded Egypt were mens, some thirty examples, and reach like our American Indians, ignorant the extremity of the cavity. These riira nrara oarriari Anrofnllv t.n WbtVIah. and treacherous. Had they been able wnere tbey have been placed under they would have broken in upon the glass in a dry atmosphere, since they I m mm Y 1 A 1'J i" industrious Egyptains, sacked and were highly deliquescent, a qualitative ynmA m't,-. on,1 rnhhfld thorn of anaiysiH gives uie umei vviuyuuvu us all they possessed, iney wouiu nave 8UiDhates of soda, potash, iron and cop- destroyed temples and palaces, nouses per. Nature. and gardens, ships factories, and left us some ornament? The process is novel chemical experiment that may be tried by any one, says the Troy Timts Put in a goblet one tablespoonful of salt and one spoonful of bluing; fil the goblet two-thirds full of water and set it in a position where it will have plenty of warmth in the sunshine. In a little while crystals will commence forming on the outside of the glass, and it is a novel and interesting sight to watch it gradually growing day by day, until the outside of the goblet will be entirely covered over with beautiful white crystals. Another variation of this beautiful experiment would be to take a goblet with the base, broken off and fasten it in the center of a thin piece of board, which may be round, square or oblong. After the crystals have formed on the glass, set it on a tiny wall bracket and place a bright holiday or birthday card in front of it; this will hide the base on which no crrttals will form. After this is done. fill the goblet with flowers or dried grasses, and yon will hare a vase which will cost comparatively little, and in re ality adds to the bnc-a-brac 01 a room. Los a, pointed finger nails are fash ionable among women, bat they will never be popular with married men. without any of the Egyptain inventions and improvements. But fortunately the deserts and the sea for two thou sand years at least kept the savages away. J.ne country grew ncn ana flourishing; the banks of the Nile were lined with fine farms as fertile as those of Kansas and Dakota. The wheat was full and white. The gardens of Egypt produced beans, onions, cabbages, and were filled with flowers. Countless towns and cities sprang up along the Nile. Some of them were as large, per haps, as Chicago or New York. The rich lands swarmed with people. The families of the Egyptains lived in com fortable houses; the children were usually taught in the temples to read and write; all were taught to work; they were well dressed and very neat; and when Joseph governed the land with discretion and good sense, there was no part of the Western world that could equal the intelligence and civiliz ation of Egypt Its cities, temples, palaces, farms, and gardens were the wonder of the ancient historians. To-day Egypt is an impoverished country, distracted by civil war. Alex andria, once one of the mc6t magnifi cent cities of the world, lies in ashes, and the people throughout the land are suffering all the horrors of famine amidst their plundered and mined homes. Long ages of misrule and ig norance have brought the fruitful and prosperous land to this terrible condi tion. In the days of Joseph the armies of Egypt might have withstood the orld. 2tow the conqueror is at ner rate, diao.-der rages within, and peace and prosperity caa re tarn to her bor-j Sociology. There was a time in this country when that myth of the present day called society constituted the basis of virtue, intelligence and good breeding whose laws neither wealth nor noble ancestry could disregard. An age snobbery and obsequiousness, founded on the accident of wealth or political influence, has rudely pushed aside the barriers that fenced out vulgarity and vice, and now society has become a base counterfeit and a sham. Saratoga and Long Branch saloons of fashion are adorned by the flashing sport and the vulgar millionaire, who vie with the political bummer and ward politician for the smiles of beauty and the favors of the bon-ton. Statesmen and diplo mats hobnob with vulgarity, while modest worth is discounted in the prer ence of unlettered audacity. Brilliant programmes of fetes and displays of fashion jumble together in promiscuous confusion the representatives alike of virtue and vice, until the line that di vides them has grown dim beneath the tread of fashion. The dross of wWr gold has burnished more vulgar men into respectability, and the wantonness of society has thrown open its gates to the herd, without password of counter sign. Lntu public sentiment ahall have drawn aline in the social fabric, ex eluding the patrons of vice from public recognition, public morals must rest upon a plane of depression and humil iation, bociety that is not based on virtue and intelligence is a sham, and it should be vigilantly guarded against any association, either public or private, nith the vicious or depraved. Why public opinion should tolerate vice and immorality in a man, and not in a wo man, is one ol these nddles that en courages skepticism in religion and ucenuousress in moraU Ualxetton Weekly J out naL The New Kutlonel Bank Bill.. The work of prepartioa for of the new onnenoybrownbS 7 going on quite satisfactorily JT J1 Bureau of Printing and Engravi, Under the recent act of Congrea, thorizing national banks to renew tt charters, all banks doing so must h in their old circulation and turn new. This new money is to differ? many respects from the present natin al bank notes. Th plate from hU the face of the note is to be printed Z been engraved new and differs mate? ally from the old. The backs an. t v printed in brown instead of green and black, as the old ones. They will b printed of course on the fibre papet which has made counterfeiting of iZl national currency bo difficult, but it j. not improbable that there will be dim culty in obtaining the fibre paper fast enough to print it as called for. TW. will expire within the next vew ,. charters of probably one-third of , national banks, and they too of a ch. which have a large circulation, the smaller ones of later date having but a small circulating medium. In addi tion to this demand there is another in the printing of gold certificates nnde? this bill, for which there is now a vigorous demand in New York- so great indeed, that Secretary Folger after arriving there the other day and interviewing the bankers and business men, telegraphed back, urging that the printing of these be begun as soon as possible. Then, besides this, and per haps greater than all, is the demand for this same fibre paper for the new 3 per cent, bonds to be issued under the bill in exchange for the old 6 per cents.. so recently converted into 3 1-2 per cents. All these will make an immense demand for this paper, and as only one mill in the country makes it there may be some delay in obtaining a sufficient quantity to meet the demand. The manufacture of this paper is a pro found secret, as carefully kept as the combinations to the great vaults where the government millions lie awaiting further - river and harbor bills. As stated above, it is made only at the Dalton mill, which dates back almost to Colonial days. What its combina tions are nobody knows except those intimately connected with its manufac ture. The secret of the paper making is jealously guarded, as is also the pa per itself. From the moment it is made until it gets into the treasury vaults it is carefully guarded. It comes here in small iron safes, the sheets care fully counted, and all the precaution against its loss being taken both by the government officials and by the express companies which carry it. Qualifications of a Drug Clerk. "Want to hire a drug clerk?" asked a bright eyed youth stepping into the office of a prominent apothecary on Dearborn street. "Are you a competent man?" in quired the proprietor, rising and clos ing the door with an air of secrecy. ' "Well, I should say, yes" replied the youth. "Had any experience?" "Three years." "Where?" "In Milwaukee." "Ahem what would you do for a plain wink at the soda fountain?" "Dash with sour mash," "Two short winks and the tongue in the left cheek?" "Fill the glass half full with Jamaca rum." "In case a man calls for a banana syrup with a doleful look, and his hand on his watch pocket?" "Give him cognac and ginger." "Three winks and a jerk over the left shoulder with the thumb?" Put in Old Tom gin, and have the same ready for a friend of the man a who will be in directly." "What if the man says JJaraboo ana spits to the left?" "Fill with old crow dashed witn pep permint and tansy." "Ihe examinaition it satisiacrorj. You may come on in the morning, lae new international code of sigals is not published yet. If any change is mda I will give you a key. We have to oe verv strict in the examination of pre- scription clerks where the health, yes. even the lives of individuals stake." Chicago Cheek. are Dallas City is building five ptblia school houses at a cost of $3,000 eaca. Ran AnUnini. rMh'nF hiffh School at a cost of $34,000. Corsicana has jM bnilt two school houses at a cost oi COO each, and Austin needs one u tee eastern part of the city at a cost of $15,000. Twentr-three counties in Northers Texas will raise 200,000 bales of cotton this year.