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SAN MARCOS FREE PRESS.
X, H. JULIAN, Publisher. 8AN MARCOS, : TEXAS ' TEXAS WHS. Thonew hotel nt JloUbU.n, Texas, will cost 200,000. There ure SO txl.l Miloon keeper In Dallas, each pnyiisjj 0": licehe' to tliO State. . . . - . . . i ..i i i i . ..i .. . in i tifdnt over S5.ni were driven 'and laid aside the lest of its earnings States ma at o( r . , TJ Wesson mills of ehusettsNew Hampshire, loik, North from Tcxa. this .uar. , "J 2, "Lave paid a dividend of 20 j North Carolina, Ohio. Pennsylvania, . (Junter & Munsen, of Sherman, ceWtlallj tilt. Troup factory of theiRhoJe Island, South Carolina, t 1 en imid into the treasury-of to-day 55";- JHme fctute 24 per cent., while from , nesseCt Vermont and. Virginia. uai luai in ml ill Old' . - ,ti.,l iliviilf'llds 1 Tl,- Qt,,nni-ial rPlkr&CntatlVCS 01 (1...... III1IMMI IiMIiI III I'lllLlL- , U 1 I IT I 111 S 111 .M I 'Hi" I liam jmd llastly counties. f irolJI..so to oU per cent., the latter , tll0se States', were all bom within '-The Adjutant General of Texas having been earned by a Pulaski, : tfldr lixxxit. Of the States ch has hrcn on .a trip along the frontier. Term., mill hut year. . ; have one of tire two fS"."ae !r ' ShI iJc T discoveries of gold' A-ainst this, by way of comparing ; hcm are Connecticut, .Georgia, llh 11 a X . Ion' the froS neaAhc h nlative rrontaUenc of northern nois, Kentucky, Missouri Michigan i udalu, anil sohcri miUs, is set the assertion , ana West Virginia, (jaudaiupe anu wacomoum u Gf conaress sWnwn States are i-epresented by , . rr :i..... Hie hikbijie a: juisi xexus mi.", l.inlt. frnm iStaumont to the town of Sabine ras-s ana two iuu . beyond, but it will not be opened for . r enmn !. tn pome. i . 1 x . 1 . "The capital stock of the Tex . it "u".i ti l.oml.,1 uMui- earnings were about year. The net earnings VI (Ml INK . I .5OW,ini. . From several points in N'erth Texas we leam tha. the earthquake "that" was so severe in Arkansas was very plainly felt on Sunday afternoon of the 22d of October. At Sherman and Ureenville it was percepuuiy ien by the citizens of those places. ... . . .-l l 1 Dr. Curry, general agent of tlie j Pealodv trustees, wrote tne secretary of the Board of Education to the effect that the trustees, lookuig to the with- j drawal of all direct aid to public j schools, wish him to keep up a pleas ant connection with them by a liberal distribution of Peabody medals as prizes for special excellence, to be giv en to high schools or other schools of high grade. He places at his disposal for the Texas schools, 80 bronze med als and one silver medal for the Sam Houston Normal School. Dr. Curry says that, teacher training! is now the prime object .of the Peabody trustees, and that if the State Legislature will organize and support such schools the Peabody education fund will be cheer fully used in their aid. The institutes to be aided must continue in session a sufficient length of time to make the. instruction profitable. Cotton Manufacturinsr in tlie South. The development of cotton manu facturing in the south is one of the most notable and promising industrial occurrences of the day. Not merely because of the rapid growth of the business, but more because of its ap- j ,,t ,.f.,i,u. x . business, but more because of its ap- nest. The conditions would seem to rMoSSfncar the Selma & Nash-1 0; Georgia i; Ilhnois 2; Indiana, 1 ; be altogether in favor of the southern vaknUroad i Iowa' 0; Kana! 0; Kentucky, ; mills, so far as the supplying of their F n Coal Creek, in East Teunes- j Louisiana, 0; Maine, S; ilarj-laud, i; home market is concerned at least, tl llf.st coal is mmed, and exten- j Massachusetts, 3; Michigan, 1; Finl and it reiiKiins to be determined j gh.; operations are earned on there, j nesota, 0; lMisassippi.0; Missoun, 1; whether they have not also marked : T1 Warrior coal fields are estimat- Nebraska, 0; Nevada, , 0: Jsewhamp- advantages in tne competition ior con- , mi l.i. m. trol of the markets of the west. The larger part of the charges for freight, jobbers' commissions, storage, insur ance, etc., which the eastern mill owner has to pay, the southern mill is exempt from ; and the difference from s2 to $3 a bale in freight alone is dear saving. The Baltimore Journal nt' t'tmuiiinr tsiimatesthe actual capital now in vested in southern cotton mills at S50.000.000. of which nearly one- third has been invested within two i M'illS. , Touching the prosperity of thcse i southern mills, the Jvurual savs that ! ten per cent, annual dividends are the iimhsv ujn'i n-ii, uuu nils iiiivi .i iiij,i- imnmit lioin tnlr, tl frimi tlie t urn- 1 ...AAv-.... - ....v - - - ! :ncs for increasing the size and canne-' itv of tlie mills. Under more favora-; vf i:.: .1.., .1.. ; l l . l . or an average cf 14 J per cent ir!al .nuum: IcMdis this it has laid bv a nrplus of between S340.OOO and ."i.4Mp(HL r ovrr -?-i:r ctt if mtire capital: its stock is worth from ICO to 170. The Langk-y mill, of the -ame city, has a capital cf $400,000, Aith lO.tHX) sj indlts raid 821) looms: it has paid in tlie ra: 31 rears 4Ti l r cent dividends, or r.n averrge oi uroni i j jr cent. jr riiinam: last year it paid a uiviJtnd e: 2 per cent: j ! itock is worth Uom ICO to 1 i u. i ue , Uramuville mill. al of Aujnww. with n CTi-itnl of 5?C00.000. has 34,600 M.hi.Ucs una 1HH looms; this company ,.vs 10 wr cei.l dividends, and thou llllllt ill HI - - 4 1 . . 7o f ean.ines above i dividends, it ua built without a dollar's expense to the SlX-.theVudaJim-.: liMnHnpinOIcs, for making hue fab- V ut aUt of ailtMHJ: it Us aho; laid ride '" additional buquua l" i U 1 " S i The Enterprise was start- j i J,! ialt.77. with a capital of $900,000; , r cent. aiviuenuN OI .Uf. I.umu, frc ni Massau-husttts, who said in the j in,,.. f reiii-t-stiitauves tuaine aau U . V ! - vtf:ia ouicesa state ment fchow-; j fiftv of the leading corpora-; . " . - n t ri,;,,niuc ! llmr5luvc ; Lcwisto,,, d otto fomU it present surplus is $200,01)0. and its biiuivu ""'"-"i - i "'-v' . . : W. tivAVMr5ail!vo 5o on Tinslimnn: ;ftVu-!ige dividend of a little less than i : J rcr cut, ver annum only. ! j The cotton mills of the soutlinl-j reiUjv ve employment to something , ;uc 40.000 operatives. Coal in the South. . holding, is a stand-off to New lork, The few following facts with regard i as she claims, and for once, property, to the coal fields0 of tlie southern ! the exact ; Senatorial; amount VenUe Mates cannot fail to be read with in- j ton and Sherman, Allison and MeDdl 1 Dan Voorhees, Hamson, Plumb and In Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia , Windom were aU born in the Buckeye and Alabama there are fifteen thou s- j States. i an so na "wiles of territory rich in Kentucky is on y left by one, and Sck veins of the finest bituminous ! her figure is the happy one, if there coal in "h country, more than foul be luck in odd numbers. There are time ti e area of the celebrated coal seven Kentuckians m the Senatona Sdds of Peinsvlvania, and twenty list. Williams of Kentucky, Call of rim s the area of the coal deposits in j Florida, Walker of Arkansas, Jonas Sew England states. I of Louisiana, es. of Missouri. Saun- Temiesee leads all the other south-1 ders of Nebraska and Maxey of lexas. iennest.tt ie.f.iaix ix c,.e tw;,i ni-is of Illinois i cm states in tne development oi coal deposits, which cover an areaor ( ana i. v. xai0 " X one hundred square miles and i were born m Maryland; Senator llov ex Snd Jcro the state from the north- i gan of Alabama an Garland of Ar In If lotion l"insas were born in Tennesse ; Farley t GeSa the coal beds have only of California and Coke of Texas m been oS at one point-in the Virginia; Hawley of Connecticut in north wesl "corner of ti e state. The North Caro ina ; Brown of Georgia m coi iimila -To that of the Sewanee South Carolina; IngaUs of Kansas m coal ib siwiai iu i Massacllltsetts;- pugh 0f Alabama m m The immense coal fields of Alabama I Georgia; Kellogg of Louisiana and ire .Sdinto three sections, known Sawyer of Wonsin in ermont; S tne Warrio?, Cogsa and Cahaba McMUlan of Mmnesota in Pensyka Sld The Coosa fields have been nia; Grover of Oregon in Maine; Sla SWworked, owing to the want ter of Oregon in Dimois; Miller- of of transportation facilities. The Ca-! California in Indiana. . haM fides are not so extensive,! The recapitulation by States is as Seh oualhy of the coal is un-! follows : Born m .Alabama 0; Ar- ssed for domestic purposes. The j Bllli . . .j- , . j covering an area equal to d.uuu, " 1. .i -1.1 square miles, mere are in me&e win fields 1,020,000 acres, which will av erage four feet in thickness, and al lowing one foot of surface for water, there will ltmain one ton of coal to the cubic yard, or over 0,000,000,000 tons. To Fill a XewspaiKT. Tram Cliawbm" Journal. It is a common fall acv among the j peneral public that it must oe a vey ; .. t i tUiilCUlt Ilia HIT IC nmi ueo iu an j lUiilClUl IHtUlt l IV liim i'v o f.nrh dav"s raver. So far from this lin tlie case, the ingenuity of edit- Crs and sub-editors is continually oil Hit? SUeiCIl IV f I'lUC 1' l.-,,..;.-,. tli ,--rtf mmnr LU'li V L V A- - - - - , tb. A.-- In the office of a ! leading dailv newspa !. 1 ... nper there is often : i . . I comer for tlcni. The calculations' 'rf the r.litor. moreover, are liable to U nmt in a hmidred different ways, Q tt.-iT-ni rnrn. r.r Idisattr cccurs, or an imr-ortant debate j 6nddtr.lv aries in Parliament, or 1 great uan dies, or there is an j extraordinary and nccxpe-eted inffnx r f ji.Tv-rrU-trfr.? rrbars a cocibm- :io:i cf tLett ro:d all the arrange- ments c ciV.ce tie ccrresxding- Jv uii'.ral Sentni.Thelr Ordinal Orlfcln. There are seventy-six Senators in the August, December aud occasion, all r July Wv which represents the upper house of legislation. As each State has two Senatorial reprcscnta- t vM. the - seventy-six, e subject of interest and their authentic lirtu-piace . means uninteresting. ,Jnt fourth of the thuWj States there are only thirtj -eight states in the Union, though very few vours ore awnre w u but fourteen of that number are ted . by tive-born JnJ m the Senatorial ouuu. a uiu Senators not to the manor born, but n0 uoubt to tlie mauuer nuuiuut.. ... t 1 xhese states are Alabama, Arkansas, Califoniia, Colorado, Florida. Indiana, t t- t ..:-;.,o riimpsnta. tnrs are foreicmers: Jcnes, j Democrat, of Florida, is an Irishman; Xevada is a "Welshman. Eight of the Senators are natives of Xew York State : Miller and Lapham, Teller and Hill, Conger, an NVyck, McPherson and Angus cameion nin'r, o never left in omce- r 7wMt vim.W Kansas, u; camoiiiia, u, voiuiauu, u, Pnimecticnt. 1: Delaware. 2; luonda, r 'X ' X V,m4, Pornniti 9 ( lino. H ! I Jvprrnii . 0 North Carolina, 2; Ohio, 8; Oregon, 0; Pennsylvania, 3; Rhode Island, 2; SoutirCarolina, 3; Tennessee, 4; Tex as, 0; Vermont -4; Virginia, 4; West Virginia, 1; Wisconsin, 0; Ireland, 3; Scotland, 1; and England, 1; To tal, 76. An analysis of the 293 members of i the House shows the birthplace as 1 follows: Alabama, 5; Arkansas, 0;jcombatwas fierte mi passea fimu i California. 1: Colorado, 0: Connecti cut, G; Delaware, 2; Honda, 1; Geor- : i-i.tii: o. t.i;., to. w f;ia,x, xmuuio, -, , . ' J " ' ' ' ' . ana, 2, Maine V, Maryland, ,4; Jiassa- chusetts, 13; Michigan 1 ; Mmnesota, u, -uissisMppi, o, iisboun, o, cunis-; lork, 3 ; North ii ; Oregon, 0; diode Island, L; . . Carolma, 10; Ohio, 2i Pennsylvania, 40: Eh i- , l: . T The total number of Senators and , Representative ox foreign l-irth ui j lo branches is 25 5 Gators and , w-pjixT Writer. , - . , , , m The new complaint h poW fori that the e verv -car vortng men ti the pres, and fone ol the old otcs are "color llind."" Thev caiss in their mighty toil that irubtile Savor, that crailic q-aality, tLtaron:a cf descrip- tion, which is best labeled "color. t While tlie justice of this complaint is freely admitted by the cilitonal pro fession, they claim that outsider can not possibly estimate the difficulties which lie in thb way of securing news writing of uniform descriptive excel lence. The man who can write cor rectly, concisely, rapidly and praphic ally, does not multiply himself to any great evtent. The first then of these qualities are indispensable in daily, and indeed periodical work; tlie latter certainly is very desirable. But when one has to keep time with his pen to the modulations of tlie press in the basement, wliile it runs off the first half of tlie paper, he does not pause verv often or long in tlie hope of draw ing" "the aroma of description" from the bottom of his ink stand, as it were. There' are maiiy men w ho, wliile they even do excellent work if left to their own time and way, . notably fail when they attempt to provide music for a press that runs seven nights in a week. The best newspaper style is not formed in a day or year. Supposing a young man fresh from college, joins the "press gang" of a first-class . office. The words of liis commencement stage oration are still ringing in his ears and they represent the highest ideals of 6tyle. He is eager to produce them in an editorial; for he looks down on mere news-gatliering as beneath the high estate of one so learned as him self, and does not always remember that there is no present vacancy in the chair of the managing editor. He would not be human if he failed to work considerable "high felutin" into the items which he wiites. The inex orable blue pencil cuts all of this out, and tlie j-outli soon settles down to hard facts and the business of his own department, coming in time to have a horror of florid "newspaper English." Then comes the danger that he will go to the other extreme and his work become devoid of all color, on the same principal that the traditional Yankee, once noted for asking ques tions while abroad, now travels with his hps so closely sealed that the na tives have hard work to find out what he is like. But if ' the beginner has anything in liim he will gradually leam his forte and come to weave into his work a color of his own that is all the more acceptable for its originality. The man who sees a thing well can usually describe it well. Habits of rinse observation and well-trained memoiy make up the foundations of success of all bram workers, aiici the journalist who can store up any bit of color he may chance upon, for instant use when it is most needed, is fortunate, indeed. He is like the lawyer", who when he was congratu lated on the exceeding appropriateness of a story he had told a jury replied: "Oh, well, I have been waiting fifteen years for a chance to tell that story." And doubly fortunate is the news chronicler who, seeing and remember ing events well, also senses their cor rect relations to each other. That the tone of our periodical news writing is improving no one will deny. The quality of men who devote them selves to it is constantly rising, both as regards character and education. The reporter is a growing power, and he will yet come to stand on a par with the best of editors. Indeed he should be able to play tlie editor at any moment, and not only be allowed but expected to make editorial com ments on the events which are occurr ing in his own field. Tlie Papa WorU. A Bear-Fishter's Revenge. A tent was pitched near Hot Springs, Ark., and the announcement; of a show brought a crowd. AVhen all the money obtainable for admission had j pstiPf-i ft monster bear. The been received, a stalwart T1 snectators screamed with excite- . - , mentt audit seemed to be a ouestion of life or death with the negro. Bleed pviiansted. he finally crot the ; ff gtagt amid overwhelming ! applause. The assembly insisted np- ! acijej its height, the negro appeared, j carrvinj, a Dag. After acknowledging j tve 'kindness of the spectators, he i ii i .i . . i fi v a j 1, for tLe M;t. Some: rot 1 1( rntn(T ,:,, til4 cf tt itll lbtir Ahe rom:o J who married a man ; cmploved in a bank applied for a di- Vhcn she disied that it was vorce when the discovered that it tras i a sand bank. GaU City. . , Oxr hundred and eleven widows! flirt with the WHAT STANLEY HAS DUNE. Edward King wntes to Uie IW Journal from Pans under data September 21): Mr. Stanley in Pans much improved in health 2 ter his journey of nearly 40 day ijZ St. Paul de Loando, and he leavS tliis aftemoon for Bmssels, whc.re v will make a report upon his rcigsioj and his labors in Africa elurinn the last three years and a lialf to the'Su l-etary General of the International African . Colonization ' Association This body was formed at the instance of the enterprising Kiugof the Bel giaus shortly after the close of the Paris exhibition in 1878, and the firs act of the King after assuming the Presidency of the society was to sen! for tlie young explorer and to ask lim if he would put h;s experience and energy into the lalor of establish stations along the tracts on the "Daik Continent" where settlements were most avalable and likely to Irian forth good fruit for civilization. Af ter due reflection Stanley concluded to acce, i the kind offer, which wag eniinenty flattering in its character, and he understood from tlie first, as every one else . rauected with the as sociation under'. tood, that tlie object of the work was not so much imme eliate commercial gam as tl s civilizing and education of the save or semi savage populations. Tie company did not raise the flag of any particular ration, but adopted a banner its own, under which all Ma-. Stanley's marches have been made and all his efforts have been undertaken. . In connec tion with tlie central and parent soci ety at Brussels, it was arranged that national committees should be at lib erty to do as much they saw fit, and contributions in money and equip ment were made to the main expedi t'on by various geographical and other learned soe'eties. Mr. Stanly had told ie association that the Congo Piiver was the main .avenue of en trance to Central Africa, and that so soon as the elifficulties of getting around the great cataracts were sur mounted, and steamers were set afloat on the Upper Congo, the results for both civilization and commerce would be colossal. The young explorer, therefore left for Africa for the third time in January, 1679, and since that time has been faithfully occupied in building roads around the falls, in organizing stations, each o ie of which is solidly fortified, supplied with rough but comfortable dwellings, kept stocked with provisions and clothes from Europe. Guns and amimition do not form any considerable part of the outfit, for Mr. Stanley's boast is that one can go anywhere' in the coun try which he has settled up armed with nothing more formidable than a cane. The natives look upon him as a kind of demigod, for they have dis covered that civilization, to which they at first had such a dislike, means i gettmg more tood to eat and getting j it easier than in the old times. The 'explorer gave me a picturesque de ! srrii-ition of a banouet which he save some time ago to the 500 blacks and 28 whites diiectly Qr indirectly inter ested in the colonization scheme. The natives had never seen such a baro nial festival before. Stanley had pur posely determined to give them a Gargantuan spread which tliey should remember to the end of their lives. ! There were quarters of beef, roasted ? i fill 3 Jili whole; vast wooden tuus nneu ww i rice ; butter and cheese from Europe; !milk fronrthe cows which are kept at ieach of the stations; game in stacks. m pyramids, and mm m aw" heaps. The men were amazed, ana sat, until the order to begiu eating was given, with their fingers on their hps, in a dazed, rapturous mood. When they had the signal to "fall to" those nearest the precious food plunged madly at. it, but speedily found the men in the second rank crawling be tween their legs or leaping over their backs. But there was no quarreling; every one had enough, and all went away with highly increased impres sions in favor of the white men. "We have done w-onders since I las wrote you," said Mr. Stanley, '"and our greatest accomplishment is we building and roofing of a long, hay some, well-arranged, twe-story tease. The second story is looked upon the primitive populations in the Neigh boring villages as sQmetliing isysan ons and marical almost as a procj ofdivinitv. I have been hVeuii tent for about two years, and W fotmd it usuailv very conifortaue. we wish to get solid buildincs r: g as rapidlv as possible. e added witL a sigh, "tlie road is tt and is as nearly perfect as thing in such a conntrv can be. stations are established, and no ci thern is in the shchtest danger ci J ing assailed. I have done my pa- the lest cf Lvabihty, ana ne science is clean, and no- I Jj the association and ask it, vou do next?"