Newspaper Page Text
SAN MARCOS FREE PRESS.
I. IL JULIAN, Publisher. BAN MARCOS, TEXAS kxas Torus. MerUlian lilada: During the year j"t cosed there were 124 requi sitions for fugitives issued by Gov ernor Roberts, aud dining the name period only sixty-thrco warrants for nrr'btrt on requisitions from other state. This thows that the rascals are trying to Ktaway from Texas, in stead of coming here, as in former times. k'a,,rian Sun. A capitalist has bought C0, 00 acres of lamlhi Stevens , ouiily, near urecKcunuge, uuu jo fencing it in. The commissioners court has granted him permission to fence the public roads by obligating himself to make large - public gates and keeping parties nt them at all hours of the day to open and close them. It. is btated that the closing of this vast body of land has caused many to leave the county and kept thousands of immigrants from settling there. He paid 2 per acre for th laud, and has fenced it with barbed wire. In one direction it is fifteen miles across it. lit. Pleasant Xcws : While south ern farmers cultivate cotton and sugar estates for commission on merchants and not for themselves they ean never grow rich. Western wheat growers tried it and were bankrupted by the "cent per cent." they paid, and there can be no popular prosperity where the habit prevails. The cash system is not only honest.but safe and profit able. Mortgages are thieves that steal by day and night all profits of indus try, Wherever farms and homes are hedged inby mortgagescropsare blight ed, roses never blossom, houses are never repaired or painted, and the country goes to decay. When will Texian farmers show that their own ers borrow nothing and pay no usury. Panola Watchman: There are a great many things 6een and unseen, in heaven and on earth, that we do not understand, but what puazles us most is: We do not understand how farmers can afford to raise cotton for eight and ten cents and pay eighteen and twenty cents for bacon and lard. We don't understand why they will, as, intelligent men, risk everything on cotton and pay ten cents a pound for beef. We don't understand how they ean afford to sell corn at from twenty five cents to a dollar, and pay such an enormous prices for meat. Weden't understand why they dbn't plant less cotton and more corn, and put the corn into meat. If they would do this they would get more for their cotton and get their meat for just about half what it now costs them. Hon Long the Rational Debt Will Lait. From the Nw York Mail and Kxpren. A month ago it was thought that the reduction of the national debt for December would not be more than $8,000,000 but the Treasury Depart ment reports that it was more than $15,000,000. The reduction during the first six months of the present fiscal year exceeds $81,000,000, while the reduction during the whole of the fis cal year, which ended with June 80, 1882, was $151,000,000. The total debt is now $1,020,407,693.31. At the rate of last yeur's reduction the debt would be extinguished in about twelve years. It is not expected that the payment will continue to be as rapid, as it has been, but it is not im probable that the burden which reached its maximum in August, 1865, when the total natioualdebt was $2, 844,049,626, will be obliterated sev enteen years hence, when the year of 1,900 is ushered in. Crop failures and panics may retard the payment, and changes in the tariff may reduce the income of the government from the $410,000,000 estimated as the reeeipts of the present fiscal year, but economy may effect a corresponding reduction in the $895,000,000 expen ditures of the government, estimated as the cost of the national establish ment for the year ending with June 20, 1883, so that the end of the pub lic debt may prec ede the end of the century. The Stfithern Pacific Ad Importii Suit Decided. Louvn.LE, Kt., January 12. In 1856 a project was formed for build ing the Southern Pacific Kailroad, to run across Texas to tk Pacific coast. The first link in the transcontinental chain was from Shreveport, La., to is. ..i. ii TV. v- i.. . -. . IftlBUkU, ACA. J I1IUC UJ10 VaiJJtrJU Uiuv.u hwui nistbed the enterprise Lroke down reason she followed one with 1.1 J i'ii .1 1 3 iL.t'. it,. tvcuniariiV. and the road was several femes sold out by a Sheriff. After tie war, in the year 1666, the enter prise was revived, uud the loan of $150,000 was made to the road by a Louisville syndicate. Tho enterprise failed. In 18G8 the road was sold and bought in by the Louisville feyn dicate, in older to secure their debt, they assumiug to pay other pri or mortgages and debts to the amount of about $500,000. They took charge of the road and put about 8,000,000 more into it, obtained the passage of a number of laws by tho National Congress and the Texas Legislature in aid of the road, and at last succeed ed, in" 1877, in Helling the property to tho Texas Pacific Ilailroud Company for 3,000,000 in land grant bonds. Gould aud Vaiiderbnt afterward put $28,000,000 more into tho road, and it is .now completed and forms a great ' trunk line from ocean to ocean. Stockholders in the old com pany who sold out in 1808 waited till r J ... i l.i. i., 41, 1873 and tuen Drougnt muu m Louisvillo Chancery Court against the Louisville syndicate to recover the road and all the profits the syn dicate had made upon it. The case has been fought vigorously on both sides. It was argued and submitted m last November. To-day Chancellor Edwards returned a verdict in favor of the defendants. The Uhanceucr holds that there was no fraud on the part of defendants purchasing the road in 1808; that they were compelled to purchase to save their debt. He ako holds that the suit is defective, because the trustees of the corporation, who properly represent it, are not parties to the suit; also that the delay of. the old stockholders, from 1868 to 1873, before suing was such negligence as to prevent them from afterward asking the aid of tho Chancellor to recover back from defendants the road, which they had made valuable during their delay by the free use of money, time and energy. liow to Ennoble Fanning. Poets have sung the praises of coun try life, but, with the exception of Bobbie Burns, very few of them have gathered their inspiration behind a plow. The practical farmer sees little poetry or romance in his pursuit, and the glory and honor are Administered on the homeopathic plan in minute doses. Farmers are apt to look at these things in a very prac tical way. They cannot 6ee that farming is the surest and quickest way to irwlPTinndence.when thev know that men of no greater ability than they possess make a fortune in a few months by stock-jobbing or contract work. They fail to discover the great honors and glory which await the faithful tillers of the soil, when the officers of the country are filled by lawyers, poli ticians or any other class capable of making spread-eagle speeches. It is all very well for poets to sing, artists to paint and orators to eu.'egize the charma of the farmer's life, but, while these glowing fancies fail to material ize, the farmer's enthusiasm is not likely to get above a normal tempara ture. The plain, unvarnished truth is, that toil is not ennobling. The man who swung a flail from Bunrise to sunset through the winter months was respected for his industry, but he who invented the trashing-machine, which does the work of months in a few day, was rewarded with fortune and honor, because he emancipated millions from the slavery of toil. Farming will be ennobling when brainB are recoenized as more impor tant than muscles, and intelligent sys tem takes the place of mecnanicai routine. It will be ennobling when farmers are elected to make the laws which they pay to have executed, and are not used as the instruments ot political wire-pullers. The time is corniner when farmers will learn their strength and assert their power. Labor-saving implements give the farm er more time to read and 6tudy. He will in time learn that it is pleas anterand more profitable to govern than to be governed. I fieht for y the soldier; I pry for 11, y the prieit; I legislate for U. y th lawyer; I py for all, ay a the farmer. This epigram may sometime be completed, when the farmer can add, "I govern all." Wnttrn Plourman. Clark MiLLs.the sculptor, is dead. Among his distinguished works are statue of Liberty on the dome of the capitol and the equestrian 6tatue of Gen. Jackson on Lafayette square, Washington, and a similar statue of Jackson iu New Orleans. So evenly are these statues balanced the horse stands on one hind foot and bears the whole weight of the bronze casting. He began life as a plasterer and for several years worked at his trade in Washington. A Norwegian- woman, living in Nebraska, had never seen nor heard much about bears. That's the due the other dav. wnd that's the reasoa bruin gave her a hug that broke three ribs. MEAT OX THE IIOOF. The Creat Call. H.M ta Territory. 8jeiel Corre.potde o( the Olobe-Demeer.t. WieniTA, Kan., January G, 1888. The late order issued from Washing ton by Iudimi Commissioner Price to the Government Agent Tufts, at Mus kogee, I. T., warning all white herders ranging in the Cherokee outlet to re move their stock within twenty days has caused no little consternation among cattle men in this section, a lare number of whom reside in this city, and have herds running into the thousands on the Cherokee strip. It is a fact that Major Drum, Mr. Tuttlo and other heavy dealers and owners of cattle in the Indian Territory, having first perfected ia u-ith the head men ! and chiefs of certain Indian tribes, i have gone to great expence and fenced largo areas of lauds belonging 10 cer tain reservations, converting the same into immense pasture fields. That in these fields enormous herds of cattle are being held. . As a sample of the extent of the fenced acres in the Ter ritory, your correspondent being this fall with a party of gentlemen in the Indian Territory on a hunting expedi tion : The party entered the eastern rrntoa nf n. nucturfl field at 8 o'clock in the morning, and traveling westward during the day passed through the western gates at 0 o'clock in the even ing, and yet this is only one of several large pasture fields in the Indian Ter ritory. It is said that Major Drum alone has sixty miles of fence. The fences are built of cedar posts and three stran of barbed wire. The cattle business of the Indian Territory has grown to immense proportions, there being at present no less than 200,000 head of cattle on the range. It is al so a source of considerable revenue to the Indians, who charge what is called the "Indian tax" of 50 cents per head per annum on all cattle ranged in the Territory, the tax being payable to the tribe on whose reservation the cattle are ranged. The late trouble seems to be entirely with the Cherokees. The complaint as to the fencing of lands is said to have originated from one Phillips, formerlv of Kansas, who now resides in Washington D. C, and claims to be the attorney for the Cher okee tribe of Indians. It seems, how ever that Phillip's relations with the Cherokees are not altogether harmo nious, as Chief Busby has lately reduced Phillips' annual salary from $6,000 to S2.000 per annum. When let alone the Cherokees are a quiet and well-disposed tribe, about half civilized, in fact as much so as is pos sible to civilize any Indian tribe, and on the revenues given by the Govern ment and the annual tax-money de rived from cattle men, get along very nicely. Certain meddlesome parties, however, insist in keeping them dis turbed. The cattle business of the Indian Territory from a small begin ning of afew years ago has now grown to immense proportions. Instead of beinc discouraged and hampered by the Government, it should be encour-1 aged ana protected in every possible manner. The great Territory range is now one of the great meat centers of the world, and yet it is only in its in fancy. For this business the Territory presents great natural advantages soil, climate, nourishing grasses and water in abundance. The government al policy is entirely wrong. Call back the "melish," and give the cattle men a chance. Tiie "Old Fashioned Heg. At a dinner the other night, says H. W. Grady, after the trash had been disposed of, two roast pigs, each with an apple in his mouth, were brought in and set in front of the host and hostess. I had not seen such a thing in years, but it was a 6avory reminder of many a lavish board under which my youthful legs had twined about each other in ecstacy. There's a good deal of sentiment in the memories that hang about the hog. Where is there a festival that compares in solid enjoyment with Mhog-killing time" on an old planta tion? How many a time have I sat on the warm side of a big fire in the cold of a December dawn and licked my frozen chops as Iwatched the sleek carcasses beingdrawn and quar tered, or hung over the huge scalding pot, like a voung Macbeth over the witches caldron 1 How the glories of those festive occasions come trooping into my mind as I write! The first trophies that come to the youngters who were happy enough to be presest, were the bladders that, blown up and tied, operated as gun or impromptu foot ball, or dried and laid away, were ex ploded on Christmas as the opening gun. Then come the tails to be roasted in the embers of this fire or that, and stay the demon that was that, and stay the demon that as while the hogs were laid on a rail-pile I to freeze goring the night. The next ' .nmo tl.A ciinrn-ribs W1UI men crisp and clinging fat, and the back bone with its unutterable marrow. These elemental delights past, then came the more intricate process of cutting the leaf lard into little white blocks that were thrown into the pots from which came the sweetest aud purest lard, and those dry brown bits into which all the savor and the es sence and tho soul of the hog seemed imprisoned the cracklings! (Stop a moment!) pardon this emotion. There its over now. And from the crackling the fatty bread and the head cheese, and the chitterlings, and the smoked jowls, and the brains, and the liver, and the shoulder, and the feet, first boiled aud then fried in batter. And after this the over-worked sausage-grinder, that wheezed and soughed as it was well nigh choked to death with chunks of fat and strips of lean, or strangled to death with red pepper and salt, or tickled to death with sage I nevertheless filled pans, pots and skins and maws with odor- ous sausage, unui n mu&u uuc itom been astonished at what it had done. And then the mince meat, which is at once the meeting point and tho re sultant of all the edible felicities. And last of all after every part and par ticle of this precious animal, save and . - . . 1 i vii. 1. ,1 except the brain ana nasieus, uu lpn nhsnrbed with thanks and praise the old 6moke-house with its earthy smell, its "dim, religious light," its "smouldering fire," of hickory chips in the pit dug in the centre of. its dirt floor, its winding rat noies naunieu the winter -through by keen young sportsmen, and its vague and black ened rafters beyond the aspirations of all save the most daring climbers, and their slender cross-sticks from which were clustered festoons of sausage links sweetening in their skins as nuts in their shells genial middlings on white-oak splints and hams that ripened and grew flavorous in their seclusion, absorbing month after month the aroma of the earth, and of the sifted ashes that were sprinkled over them, and of the sweet chips that burned beneath them, and of the odorous smoke that floated nliont th em. and of the nierht winds that stole through the loosely-shingled roof above them. This may all be very foolish. It is fashionable now to berate the hog, mainly, I think, because hog-killing has become a business now instead of a sentiment, and because hogs are killed in slaughter-pens rather than in the open woods, and sausage made of beef rather than pork, and hams sweetened in a night with sugar and cured in a day with chemicals rather than with the gentle influences bred of air and earth and forest in the long and patient vigils that nature requires of all things she brings to perfection. Be this as it may, the hog in all its particulars is appreciated in high life. The late Senator Hill loved nothing so well as a plate of chitterlings. I have seen Governor Herschel V. Johnson eat a pig's ear with infinite relish. What were GovernorBrown's collards (I refuse to spell it coleworts) to that great and good man, if under lying historic love for this fine escu lent there was not an unconfessed love for hog's jowl. I once saw Gen eral Gordon rushing through Wall street, when we beth had more stocks than was healthy, with a bucket of hog's brains that he had bought from a down-town butcher for his table at the St. James. Gov. Stephens dotes on broiled ham, and the nearest to death Gen. Toombs eVer came was from indigestion caused by overeating of head-cheese : so that a little more hog's head might have prevented se cession. More than one historian holds'that Lee's army was never whipped until the bacon had given out and it had to fall back on beef. From singing-school the lover comes, His girl upon his arm, And sitteth by her father's fire, And waiteth to get warm. A foot at half past one is heard, The twain doth quickly 6coot, For fear of being too well warmed By her fond parent's boot. Colorado paid $13,000,000 for im ported provisions last year, or more than half the gross amount of bullion taken out of her mines. This does not include the money paid outfor clothes, whisky and tobacco, which about cleaned up the balance. J. C. Cofield's Point Honmas plan tation, in Louisiana, has finished grinding. The result is 1,100,000 pounds of Eugar from 850 acres of cane. This is the largest crop of sa- par made on the Houmas place since the war. About the time a bov beirins to speak of his mother as the "old lady" is about the time that a boot-iarlr Viae chance U make a great man of him. Tu journalist, like the carpenter, i xaakee a bring by means of his ads. j The Dlngracn of Texni "TherinopyhB had its messeneef defeat; the Alamo had none." Ty is the legend emblazoned on ett Texas celebration ; UvoluntartfyBprin to the lips of every Texan at t? slightest mention of the Alumo tl it is the text from which sermons a preached on the prowess and heS deeds of the brave men who WiJ and bled and died within those old historic walls. And tho transition t other scenes of valorous achievement is an easy and a natural one, and San Jacinto, Goliad and other noted ficldi are descanded upon until the listening stranger stands awed under tho retical until he fairly imbibes a portion 0f the patriotic fervor of those who y the Btory, and exclaims, What a gloti ous people they must be! What a his! torv havo thev! How generous ft their admiration and applause of acts of heroism! How graceful for the blessings of tho blood of the martyrs named, what a heritage was left them! How rich in public lands, and public coITers filled to overflowing! Oh! brave and generous Texans! It is in other parts of the state only not in San Antonio, however, flint ni stranger thus exclaims. Here he looks within the sacred walls, stained by the blood of heroes, and sees casks of beer where Crockett fell, andpackages of soap and lard piled high where Bowie's life went out through gaping wounds, and a pyramid of axle grease where Travis fought unto the very death, and then the stranger's lips do curl in haughty scorn as he claims, "What vain and idle boasters these Texans are ! To hear them talk one would think they were constantly in a high f .ver of patriotic fervor and admiration for the heroes they vaunt as kith and kin, and yet here is the scene of their greatest boast, their "cradle of liberty," their almost sainted Alamo, converted into a ware house ; a standing monument to the niggardness of a people who can boast by the hour of the greatness and glory of themselves reflected from the ancient pile!" WhileTexas was poor, its treasury bare, and the tax-gatherer met with dread, there was some excuse for con fining our admiration to words, but in all the galaxy of states to-day there is not one with a lighter resting debt, or with better filled public vault than the Lone Star state, and we can no longer point out the Alamo to a stranger without bringing us into con tempt, without causing derisive smiles by the tales we tell. If the next legislature will not re mqve the cause of our disgrace in the eyes of our neighbors, let them be merciful enough to place an embargo on the use of the word "Alamo," and tear the name from the historic pile, so that visitors from abroad will not be attracted to the evidence of ow shame and parsimony. Bill Nye's Adriee to a Correspondent. She may be giddy, but she's just about sized you up in shape, and no doubt if you keep on trying to lore her without her knowledge or consent she will hit you with something and put a Swiss s.unset over your eye. l)s not yearn to win her affections all at once. Give her twenty or thirty years in which to see your merits. on will have more to entitle you to her respect by that time, no doubt. During that time you may rise to be President and win a deathless name. The main thing you have to look out for now is to restrain yourself iyiiy rnrm1p wVlO do DOU want to mary you. The style ot freshing will, in thirty or forty years, wear away. If it does not, probably the vigorous big brother of some "young lady of 17" will consign yon to the silent tomb. Do not try to tirninnndfi with a voitnz lady unless she gives her consent. Do not marry one against her wishes. Give the gin t a chance. She will appreciate it; and, even though she may not marry you, she will permit you to sit on uie fence and watch her when she goes i to marry some one else. Do not be de spondent. Be courageous, and some dar, perhaps, you will get there. A present the horizon is a little bit fog As you say, she may be so giMJ that she dosent want steady company. There is a glimmer of hope m twt She may be waiting till she gets or the agony uud annoyances of teething before she looks seriously into uw matter of matrimony. If that should turn out to be the case we are jo surprised. Give her a chance to grow up, and in the mean time go and ieg the organ-grinder's profession, ana t yourself so that yom can prond i ior family. Sometimes a girl CJ. . years old is able to discern tha young intellectual giant like yon not going to make a dazzlicg of life as a husband. Brace BP try to forget your sorrow, may be happy yet Lrtimt t,