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San Marcos free press. [volume] (San Marcos, Tex.) 1877-1892, January 25, 1883, Image 2

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SAN MARCOS FREE PRESS.
I. IL JULIAN, Publisher.
BAN MARCOS,
TEXAS
kxas Torus.
MerUlian lilada: During the
year j"t cosed there were 124 requi
sitions for fugitives issued by Gov
ernor Roberts, aud dining the name
period only sixty-thrco warrants for
nrr'btrt on requisitions from other
state. This thows that the rascals
are trying to Ktaway from Texas, in
stead of coming here, as in former
times.
k'a,,rian Sun. A capitalist has
bought C0, 00 acres of lamlhi Stevens ,
ouiily, near urecKcunuge, uuu jo
fencing it in. The commissioners
court has granted him permission to
fence the public roads by obligating
himself to make large - public gates
and keeping parties nt them at all
hours of the day to open and close
them. It. is btated that the closing of
this vast body of land has caused
many to leave the county and kept
thousands of immigrants from settling
there. He paid 2 per acre for th
laud, and has fenced it with barbed
wire. In one direction it is fifteen
miles across it.
lit. Pleasant Xcws : While south
ern farmers cultivate cotton and sugar
estates for commission on merchants
and not for themselves they ean never
grow rich. Western wheat growers
tried it and were bankrupted by the
"cent per cent." they paid, and there
can be no popular prosperity where
the habit prevails. The cash system
is not only honest.but safe and profit
able. Mortgages are thieves that steal
by day and night all profits of indus
try, Wherever farms and homes are
hedged inby mortgagescropsare blight
ed, roses never blossom, houses are
never repaired or painted, and the
country goes to decay. When will
Texian farmers show that their own
ers borrow nothing and pay no usury.
Panola Watchman: There are a
great many things 6een and unseen,
in heaven and on earth, that we do
not understand, but what puazles us
most is: We do not understand how
farmers can afford to raise cotton for
eight and ten cents and pay eighteen
and twenty cents for bacon and lard.
We don't understand why they will,
as, intelligent men, risk everything on
cotton and pay ten cents a pound for
beef. We don't understand how they
ean afford to sell corn at from twenty
five cents to a dollar, and pay such an
enormous prices for meat. Weden't
understand why they dbn't plant less
cotton and more corn, and put the
corn into meat. If they would do
this they would get more for their
cotton and get their meat for just
about half what it now costs them.
Hon Long the Rational Debt Will Lait.
From the Nw York Mail and Kxpren.
A month ago it was thought that
the reduction of the national debt for
December would not be more than
$8,000,000 but the Treasury Depart
ment reports that it was more than
$15,000,000. The reduction during
the first six months of the present fiscal
year exceeds $81,000,000, while the
reduction during the whole of the fis
cal year, which ended with June 80,
1882, was $151,000,000. The total
debt is now $1,020,407,693.31. At
the rate of last yeur's reduction the
debt would be extinguished in about
twelve years. It is not expected that
the payment will continue to be as
rapid, as it has been, but it is not im
probable that the burden which
reached its maximum in August, 1865,
when the total natioualdebt was $2,
844,049,626, will be obliterated sev
enteen years hence, when the year of
1,900 is ushered in. Crop failures
and panics may retard the payment,
and changes in the tariff may reduce
the income of the government from
the $410,000,000 estimated as the
reeeipts of the present fiscal year, but
economy may effect a corresponding
reduction in the $895,000,000 expen
ditures of the government, estimated
as the cost of the national establish
ment for the year ending with June
20, 1883, so that the end of the pub
lic debt may prec ede the end of the
century.
The Stfithern Pacific Ad Importii
Suit Decided.
Louvn.LE, Kt., January 12. In
1856 a project was formed for build
ing the Southern Pacific Kailroad, to
run across Texas to tk Pacific coast.
The first link in the transcontinental
chain was from Shreveport, La., to
is. ..i. ii TV. v- i.. . -. .
IftlBUkU, ACA. J I1IUC UJ10 VaiJJtrJU Uiuv.u hwui
nistbed the enterprise Lroke down reason she followed one with
1.1 J i'ii .1 1 3 iL.t'. it,.
tvcuniariiV. and the road was several
femes sold out by a Sheriff. After
tie war, in the year 1666, the enter
prise was revived, uud the loan of
$150,000 was made to the road by a
Louisville syndicate. Tho enterprise
failed. In 18G8 the road was sold
and bought in by the Louisville feyn
dicate, in older to secure their debt,
they assumiug to pay other pri
or mortgages and debts to the amount
of about $500,000. They took charge
of the road and put about 8,000,000
more into it, obtained the passage of
a number of laws by tho National
Congress and the Texas Legislature
in aid of the road, and at last succeed
ed, in" 1877, in Helling the property to
tho Texas Pacific Ilailroud Company
for 3,000,000 in land grant bonds.
Gould aud Vaiiderbnt afterward put
$28,000,000 more into tho road, and
it is .now completed and forms a
great ' trunk line from ocean to
ocean. Stockholders in the old com
pany who sold out in 1808 waited till
r J ... i l.i. i., 41,
1873 and tuen Drougnt muu m
Louisvillo Chancery Court against the
Louisville syndicate to recover the
road and all the profits the syn
dicate had made upon it. The case
has been fought vigorously on both
sides. It was argued and submitted m
last November. To-day Chancellor
Edwards returned a verdict in favor
of the defendants. The Uhanceucr
holds that there was no fraud on the
part of defendants purchasing the road
in 1808; that they were compelled to
purchase to save their debt. He ako
holds that the suit is defective, because
the trustees of the corporation, who
properly represent it, are not parties
to the suit; also that the delay of. the
old stockholders, from 1868 to 1873,
before suing was such negligence as to
prevent them from afterward asking
the aid of tho Chancellor to recover
back from defendants the road, which
they had made valuable during their
delay by the free use of money, time
and energy.
liow to Ennoble Fanning.
Poets have sung the praises of coun
try life, but, with the exception of
Bobbie Burns, very few of them have
gathered their inspiration behind a
plow. The practical farmer sees little
poetry or romance in his pursuit,
and the glory and honor are
Administered on the homeopathic plan
in minute doses. Farmers are apt
to look at these things in a very prac
tical way. They cannot 6ee that
farming is the surest and quickest way
to irwlPTinndence.when thev know that
men of no greater ability than they
possess make a fortune in a few months
by stock-jobbing or contract work.
They fail to discover the great honors
and glory which await the faithful
tillers of the soil, when the officers of
the country are filled by lawyers, poli
ticians or any other class capable of
making spread-eagle speeches. It is
all very well for poets to sing, artists
to paint and orators to eu.'egize the
charma of the farmer's life, but, while
these glowing fancies fail to material
ize, the farmer's enthusiasm is not
likely to get above a normal tempara
ture. The plain, unvarnished truth
is, that toil is not ennobling. The
man who swung a flail from Bunrise
to sunset through the winter months
was respected for his industry, but he
who invented the trashing-machine,
which does the work of months in a
few day, was rewarded with fortune
and honor, because he emancipated
millions from the slavery of toil.
Farming will be ennobling when
brainB are recoenized as more impor
tant than muscles, and intelligent sys
tem takes the place of mecnanicai
routine. It will be ennobling when
farmers are elected to make the laws
which they pay to have executed, and
are not used as the instruments ot
political wire-pullers. The time is
corniner when farmers will learn their
strength and assert their power. Labor-saving
implements give the farm
er more time to read and 6tudy. He
will in time learn that it is pleas
anterand more profitable to govern
than to be governed.
I fieht for y the soldier;
I pry for 11, y the prieit;
I legislate for U. y th lawyer;
I py for all, ay a the farmer.
This epigram may sometime be
completed, when the farmer can add,
"I govern all." Wnttrn Plourman.
Clark MiLLs.the sculptor, is dead.
Among his distinguished works are
statue of Liberty on the dome of the
capitol and the equestrian 6tatue of
Gen. Jackson on Lafayette square,
Washington, and a similar statue of
Jackson iu New Orleans. So evenly
are these statues balanced the horse
stands on one hind foot and bears the
whole weight of the bronze casting.
He began life as a plasterer and for
several years worked at his trade in
Washington.
A Norwegian- woman, living in
Nebraska, had never seen nor
heard much about bears. That's the
due
the other dav. wnd that's the reasoa
bruin gave her a hug that broke three
ribs.
MEAT OX THE IIOOF.
The Creat Call. H.M ta Territory.
8jeiel Corre.potde o( the Olobe-Demeer.t.
WieniTA, Kan., January G, 1888.
The late order issued from Washing
ton by Iudimi Commissioner Price to
the Government Agent Tufts, at Mus
kogee, I. T., warning all white herders
ranging in the Cherokee outlet to re
move their stock within twenty days
has caused no little consternation
among cattle men in this section, a
lare number of whom reside in this
city, and have herds running into
the thousands on the Cherokee strip.
It is a fact that Major Drum, Mr.
Tuttlo and other heavy dealers and
owners of cattle in the Indian
Territory, having first perfected
ia u-ith the head men
! and chiefs of certain Indian tribes,
i have gone to great expence and fenced
largo areas of lauds belonging 10 cer
tain reservations, converting the same
into immense pasture fields. That in
these fields enormous herds of cattle
are being held. . As a sample of the
extent of the fenced acres in the Ter
ritory, your correspondent being this
fall with a party of gentlemen in the
Indian Territory on a hunting expedi
tion : The party entered the eastern
rrntoa nf n. nucturfl field at 8 o'clock in
the morning, and traveling westward
during the day passed through the
western gates at 0 o'clock in the even
ing, and yet this is only one of several
large pasture fields in the Indian Ter
ritory. It is said that Major Drum
alone has sixty miles of fence. The
fences are built of cedar posts and
three stran of barbed wire. The cattle
business of the Indian Territory has
grown to immense proportions, there
being at present no less than 200,000
head of cattle on the range. It is al
so a source of considerable revenue to
the Indians, who charge what is called
the "Indian tax" of 50 cents per head
per annum on all cattle ranged in the
Territory, the tax being payable to the
tribe on whose reservation the cattle
are ranged. The late trouble seems
to be entirely with the Cherokees.
The complaint as to the fencing of
lands is said to have originated from
one Phillips, formerlv of Kansas, who
now resides in Washington D. C, and
claims to be the attorney for the Cher
okee tribe of Indians. It seems, how
ever that Phillip's relations with the
Cherokees are not altogether harmo
nious, as Chief Busby has lately
reduced Phillips' annual salary from
$6,000 to S2.000 per annum. When
let alone the Cherokees are a quiet
and well-disposed tribe, about half
civilized, in fact as much so as is pos
sible to civilize any Indian tribe, and
on the revenues given by the Govern
ment and the annual tax-money de
rived from cattle men, get along very
nicely. Certain meddlesome parties,
however, insist in keeping them dis
turbed. The cattle business of the
Indian Territory from a small begin
ning of afew years ago has now grown
to immense proportions. Instead of
beinc discouraged and hampered by
the Government, it should be encour-1
aged ana protected in every possible
manner. The great Territory range is
now one of the great meat centers of
the world, and yet it is only in its in
fancy. For this business the Territory
presents great natural advantages
soil, climate, nourishing grasses and
water in abundance. The government
al policy is entirely wrong. Call back
the "melish," and give the cattle men
a chance.
Tiie "Old Fashioned Heg.
At a dinner the other night, says
H. W. Grady, after the trash had been
disposed of, two roast pigs, each with
an apple in his mouth, were brought
in and set in front of the host and
hostess. I had not seen such a thing
in years, but it was a 6avory reminder
of many a lavish board under which
my youthful legs had twined about
each other in ecstacy.
There's a good deal of sentiment in
the memories that hang about the
hog. Where is there a festival that
compares in solid enjoyment with
Mhog-killing time" on an old planta
tion? How many a time have I sat
on the warm side of a big fire in the
cold of a December dawn and licked
my frozen chops as Iwatched the
sleek carcasses beingdrawn and quar
tered, or hung over the huge scalding
pot, like a voung Macbeth over the
witches caldron 1
How the glories of those festive
occasions come trooping into my mind
as I write! The first trophies that
come to the youngters who were
happy enough to be presest, were the
bladders that, blown up and tied,
operated as gun or impromptu foot
ball, or dried and laid away, were ex
ploded on Christmas as the opening
gun. Then come the tails to be
roasted in the embers of this fire or
that, and stay the demon that was
that, and stay the demon that as
while the hogs were laid on a rail-pile I
to freeze goring the night. The next '
.nmo tl.A ciinrn-ribs W1UI men
crisp and clinging fat, and the back
bone with its unutterable marrow.
These elemental delights past, then
came the more intricate process of
cutting the leaf lard into little white
blocks that were thrown into the pots
from which came the sweetest aud
purest lard, and those dry brown bits
into which all the savor and the es
sence and tho soul of the hog seemed
imprisoned the cracklings! (Stop a
moment!) pardon this emotion. There
its over now.
And from the crackling the fatty
bread and the head cheese, and the
chitterlings, and the smoked jowls,
and the brains, and the liver, and the
shoulder, and the feet, first boiled
aud then fried in batter. And after
this the over-worked sausage-grinder,
that wheezed and soughed as it was
well nigh choked to death with
chunks of fat and strips of lean, or
strangled to death with red pepper
and salt, or tickled to death with sage
I nevertheless filled pans,
pots and skins and maws with odor-
ous sausage, unui n mu&u uuc itom
been astonished at what it had done.
And then the mince meat, which is
at once the meeting point and tho re
sultant of all the edible felicities. And
last of all after every part and par
ticle of this precious animal, save and
. - . . 1 i vii. 1. ,1
except the brain ana nasieus, uu
lpn nhsnrbed with thanks and praise
the old 6moke-house with its earthy
smell, its "dim, religious light," its
"smouldering fire," of hickory chips
in the pit dug in the centre of. its dirt
floor, its winding rat noies naunieu
the winter -through by keen young
sportsmen, and its vague and black
ened rafters beyond the aspirations of
all save the most daring climbers, and
their slender cross-sticks from which
were clustered festoons of sausage
links sweetening in their skins as
nuts in their shells genial middlings
on white-oak splints and hams that
ripened and grew flavorous in their
seclusion, absorbing month after
month the aroma of the earth, and of
the sifted ashes that were sprinkled
over them, and of the sweet
chips that burned beneath them, and
of the odorous smoke that floated
nliont th em. and of the nierht winds
that stole through the loosely-shingled
roof above them.
This may all be very foolish. It is
fashionable now to berate the hog,
mainly, I think, because hog-killing
has become a business now instead of
a sentiment, and because hogs are
killed in slaughter-pens rather than
in the open woods, and sausage made
of beef rather than pork, and hams
sweetened in a night with sugar and
cured in a day with chemicals rather
than with the gentle influences bred
of air and earth and forest in the long
and patient vigils that nature requires
of all things she brings to perfection.
Be this as it may, the hog in all its
particulars is appreciated in high life.
The late Senator Hill loved nothing
so well as a plate of chitterlings.
I have seen Governor Herschel V.
Johnson eat a pig's ear with infinite
relish. What were GovernorBrown's
collards (I refuse to spell it coleworts)
to that great and good man, if under
lying historic love for this fine escu
lent there was not an unconfessed
love for hog's jowl. I once saw Gen
eral Gordon rushing through Wall
street, when we beth had more stocks
than was healthy, with a bucket of
hog's brains that he had bought from
a down-town butcher for his table at
the St. James. Gov. Stephens dotes
on broiled ham, and the nearest to
death Gen. Toombs eVer came was
from indigestion caused by overeating
of head-cheese : so that a little more
hog's head might have prevented se
cession.
More than one historian holds'that
Lee's army was never whipped until
the bacon had given out and it had to
fall back on beef.
From singing-school the lover comes,
His girl upon his arm, And sitteth by
her father's fire, And waiteth to get
warm. A foot at half past one is
heard, The twain doth quickly 6coot,
For fear of being too well warmed By
her fond parent's boot.
Colorado paid $13,000,000 for im
ported provisions last year, or more
than half the gross amount of bullion
taken out of her mines. This does not
include the money paid outfor clothes,
whisky and tobacco, which about
cleaned up the balance.
J. C. Cofield's Point Honmas plan
tation, in Louisiana, has finished
grinding. The result is 1,100,000
pounds of Eugar from 850 acres of
cane. This is the largest crop of sa-
par made on the Houmas place since
the war.
About the time a bov beirins to
speak of his mother as the "old lady"
is about the time that a boot-iarlr Viae
chance U make a great man of him.
Tu journalist, like the carpenter, i
xaakee a bring by means of his ads. j
The Dlngracn of Texni
"TherinopyhB had its messeneef
defeat; the Alamo had none." Ty
is the legend emblazoned on ett
Texas celebration ; UvoluntartfyBprin
to the lips of every Texan at t?
slightest mention of the Alumo tl
it is the text from which sermons a
preached on the prowess and heS
deeds of the brave men who WiJ
and bled and died within those old
historic walls. And tho transition t
other scenes of valorous achievement
is an easy and a natural one, and San
Jacinto, Goliad and other noted ficldi
are descanded upon until the listening
stranger stands awed under tho retical
until he fairly imbibes a portion 0f
the patriotic fervor of those who y
the Btory, and exclaims, What a gloti
ous people they must be! What a his!
torv havo thev! How generous ft
their admiration and applause of acts
of heroism! How graceful for the
blessings of tho blood of the martyrs
named, what a heritage was left them!
How rich in public lands, and public
coITers filled to overflowing! Oh!
brave and generous Texans!
It is in other parts of the state only
not in San Antonio, however, flint ni
stranger thus exclaims. Here he looks
within the sacred walls, stained by
the blood of heroes, and sees casks of
beer where Crockett fell, andpackages
of soap and lard piled high where
Bowie's life went out through gaping
wounds, and a pyramid of axle grease
where Travis fought unto the very
death, and then the stranger's lips do
curl in haughty scorn as he claims,
"What vain and idle boasters these
Texans are ! To hear them talk one
would think they were constantly in
a high f .ver of patriotic fervor and
admiration for the heroes they
vaunt as kith and kin, and yet here is
the scene of their greatest boast,
their "cradle of liberty," their almost
sainted Alamo, converted into a ware
house ; a standing monument to the
niggardness of a people who can boast
by the hour of the greatness and
glory of themselves reflected from the
ancient pile!"
WhileTexas was poor, its treasury
bare, and the tax-gatherer met with
dread, there was some excuse for con
fining our admiration to words, but
in all the galaxy of states to-day there
is not one with a lighter resting debt,
or with better filled public vault than
the Lone Star state, and we can
no longer point out the Alamo to a
stranger without bringing us into con
tempt, without causing derisive smiles
by the tales we tell.
If the next legislature will not re
mqve the cause of our disgrace in the
eyes of our neighbors, let them be
merciful enough to place an embargo
on the use of the word "Alamo," and
tear the name from the historic pile,
so that visitors from abroad will not
be attracted to the evidence of ow
shame and parsimony.
Bill Nye's Adriee to a Correspondent.
She may be giddy, but she's just
about sized you up in shape, and no
doubt if you keep on trying to lore
her without her knowledge or consent
she will hit you with something and
put a Swiss s.unset over your eye. l)s
not yearn to win her affections all at
once. Give her twenty or thirty years
in which to see your merits. on
will have more to entitle you to her
respect by that time, no doubt.
During that time you may rise to be
President and win a deathless name.
The main thing you have to look
out for now is to restrain yourself
iyiiy rnrm1p wVlO do DOU
want to mary you. The style ot
freshing will, in thirty or forty years,
wear away. If it does not, probably
the vigorous big brother of some
"young lady of 17" will consign yon
to the silent tomb. Do not try to
tirninnndfi with a voitnz lady unless
she gives her consent. Do not marry
one against her wishes. Give the gin t
a chance. She will appreciate it;
and, even though she may not marry
you, she will permit you to sit on uie
fence and watch her when she goes i to
marry some one else. Do not be de
spondent. Be courageous, and some
dar, perhaps, you will get there. A
present the horizon is a little bit fog
As you say, she may be so giMJ
that she dosent want steady company.
There is a glimmer of hope m twt
She may be waiting till she gets or
the agony uud annoyances of teething
before she looks seriously into uw
matter of matrimony. If that should
turn out to be the case we are jo
surprised. Give her a chance to grow
up, and in the mean time go and ieg
the organ-grinder's profession, ana t
yourself so that yom can prond i ior
family. Sometimes a girl CJ. .
years old is able to discern tha
young intellectual giant like yon
not going to make a dazzlicg
of life as a husband. Brace BP
try to forget your sorrow,
may be happy yet Lrtimt t,

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