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.. TFX1S "PISUIHDLE."
yni. HUM s.aaeewa lews Malta rwir-now nsier ..Crow"' 11lCorrPudenc of ,h olobe-Democrt' Antonio, Tex., January 18. ... I'll. -.-M.pfl of red prane land cdv- 5 with mcsuite and buffalo grass .nmetimes rising into abrupt but. S or breaking up into deep " , ridzes covered with ravines jagged Scanio rocks, seamed with canyons, T0r" .nervals intersected Lv itt lS inerVftll intersected by brackish streams this is the fflle of Texas, the home of the rote the jack-rabbit and the prairie fl tile native heath of the cowboy. There is no timber worth speaking f except the raesquite shrub, which Lliesfood for beast and fuel for Ian The seemingly harmless rivers, Icarcely running the dry season, when Lllen by heavy rains or a suddenly bursting waterspout, are transformed into foamiug torrents which sweep mcn and stock to destruction. SOIL AND WATER. The Tandhandlo comprises some gfty counties, which aggregato about 65 000 square miles of territory, and lies north of the 82d parallel of lati tude and west of the 100th degree of longitude. A few years ago it was considered a desert, and the "Staked plains" was a synonym for all that tras sterile and forbidding. Now capi tal is pouring in, cattle feed upon a thousand hills and sheep innumera ble crop the nutritious grasses of the valleys. It is impossible to compute the outcome of this vast scope of ter ritory, or forecast its influence on the commerce of the nation ; and all this mainly because in building a railroad 'i 11 A 1 'i. across us souuierumuBb pun ii wita found that plenty of good water could be obtained at a depth of from twenty to fifty feet. The adventurous cowboy had long turned his wistful eyes to ward the "Staked Plains," but the water problem baffled him. It re mained for a much-abused corpor ation to open this vast scope to the settler. . This was done when the Texas and Pacific Railroad was built from Texarkana to El Paso. PHENOMENAL PROGRESS. Developement is the order of the day here as well as elsewhere. First a tent, then a board shanty, then brick and niorter. First the cowboy, then the owner of a herd, then a cattle king. The cowboy is a wild, rollicking, generous-hearted, enterprising fellow. With his white jacket, leather overalls, broad-brimmed hat, high-topped boots and heavy spurs he is the ideal of the picturesque. With his well-trained pony, Winchester carbine and six shooter, with plenty of lariat at his saddle-bow, he counts for something on these Western plains. Two of tliein recently roped and captured alive a full-grown panther. I saw a fierce catamount which had been cap tured in the same manner. You may know a cowboy by two things he wears a leather band buckled around bis hat and always rides in a gallop. cowboys' hardships. hi a climate so changeable as that oi iexas, where an hour may bring On a fievfifl "nnvtlipr" r.lm.t nlwavs freezes to the bone, any one exposed to its rigors, often without a tent, and with only a single oil coat and a limit ed supply of blankets, standing guard at night in the pitiless rain to prevent a stampede of the herd, and out fax beyond all shelter for weeks during &e "round-up," the cowboy's lot is not to be envied ; his life is no sin ecure: hedpspi-TOamnro stttti nn.t.li v than toe gets, and less blame than is usually pestowed on him if in seasons of hi- bmty he is guilty for grave indiscre "ons, and has some fun at other peo pie's expense. , The cattle king is, usuallv, the cow y grown wealthy, and settled into a "uerer and less dashinjr. style of lite. je has learned to take care of what be makes. Many young men came to this country a few years ago with out a dollar, and are now worth their COOL HUNDRED THOUSAND. True, we only hear of the successful 0ljes. Many, doubtless, gave way to fcliisky, their worst enemy, and have either "passed over the divide," or are still spending their earnings in the bar rooms or at the gambling table. The cattle business is not a hnp fcazard affair. It has its system, its J-llished custom, its code of ethics, fbose who succeed in it get things ?ovu to a fine point The "round-up" u the all-irnnortent event to the cattle In the spring they find that "ie snows and fctorms of winter have altered their herds far and wide. Ate first thing in order is to hold a invention, at which the country is divided into districts, in each of which re to be a "round-up," or collec ts of cattle. Each proprietor of a fceri U expected to have a repres4nta- live at all the "round-ups" in his vi cinity to look after his interests, and see that his YOUNO STOCK IS BRANm n. Of course, each calf follows the cow to which it belongs, elso the confusion would be insurmountable. Each brand is registered in the records of the county, and is all that is necessary to settle ownership. J. lie branding is not confined to the spring "round-up." During the sum mer their are frequent neighborhood or local "round-ups" to collect beeves for shipment and brand calves brought tviui cukvr wo tspruig urauuiug, A yearling or older brute, which has escaped branding, is called a "maverick," and the owner of a herd with which it is found is at liberty to put his brand upon it, but the rela tions of meum and tuum arb strictly observed, and no honest man will brand as his own cattle whose owner ship he has any reasonable means of ascertaining. Occasionally a cattle man becomes unusually energetic in branding "mavericks," but he is spot ted. THE CATTLE BUSINESS in Northwestern Texas is not carried on without risk. Occasionally, hard winter or extremely dry summer cause the loss of much stock, but the in crease is so rapid and the profits are so large that losses which would break up a dozen wealthy farmers at the North are borne with perfect equanim ity by the cattle kings. Any one who is fairly posted as to stock rais ing, has a few thousand dollars to start with, and is vigilant and indus trious, has the chances largely in his favor, and this when he has divided the results' of the closest figuring by two. At Colorado City, 488 miles west of Texarkana, on the Texas and Paci fic Railway, is found one of the cen ters of the cattle and sheep trade. It is situated on the Colorado River, in Mitchell County, and is surround ed on all sides by the FINEST GRAZING LANDS. j Two years ago the first house was built, and the population is now about 2,800, having more than doubled during the past year. The railroad reached the town site in May, 1881, and there has been a steady boom ever since. The town was laid out by the railroad company, and the lots were sold on liberal terms. Since that time real estate has advanced 500 or 600 per cent. Brick and stone are rapidly taking the place of boards as building material. An elegant stone court house is nearly completed. The business men of the place have evidently come to stay, and everything is tending toward permanency, tfhere are two banks, that of F. W. James & Co., which is the older, and is a prosperous institution. The Colora do National Bank has just been opened, with a paid-up capital of 03,000. A. W. Dunn is its Presi dent, and W. H. Hendrix is Cashier. It has quarters in an imposing brick block -just erected by Mr. Dunn, on Oak and Second streets, the business centre of the town. Mr. Dunn built the FIRST HOUSE IN COLORADO CITY, and is himself a fair representative of the skill and enterprise winch make towns prosperous, and is also one of the typical cattle kings. He began with a sman capital a iew years ago. He has dealt in merchandise and cat- . 1 Ml.ll J.1 1 J nnnl tie SO SlClUlUiiy inai uumi me jjuou year his sales aggregated $1,000,000. During the year 1882 Colorado City shipped 75,000 beeves and about 800, 000 pounds of wool, besides what was done in stock cattle and sheep. The total business of the place for the year amounted to about $10,000,000. This will be largely increased during the present year. It is difficult to buy a lot, even at a fabulous price, in the business part of the town, though there are plenty of speculators on the ground. To show what Colorado has to depend on for its large volume of frorlo. T mvfl the following names of owners of herds, with the value of their stock: Dunn, White & Stevens, $300,000; Winfield Scott, $450,000; T. P. Stevens, $200,000; Estes Bros., $400,000; Peacock Bros., $500,000; C. M. Mann, $280,000; Mclntyre & Barnett, $200,000; Tom Dents, $150,000; Martin & Cochran, S 100,-nnn- Malm & Catlin, $150,000; c:,. C,n.. S150.000; Dick Robertson, $50,000; Peck &McU hams, $75,000, and G. K. Llluns, $50,000. THE LIST mi "ht be continued. These consti nlr a fraction of the whole number who trade at Colorado City. Besides, there are as many, or men handling Wen as there are handling cattle, thougn uiey iwk so hre amounts ol capiuu imi. Most small capitalists go into sheep. There is, at rr;sent, intense activity in the cattle and sheep business in w. ronntrv. Trades are rapidly consamated, money turned over quickly, profits are heavy and the boom daily increases. English and American companies by the dozen are buying lands all over the Panhan dle country, preparatory to placing large herds upon them. Whoever wonld go in to win had better take time by the forelock. The land will soon be all taken up, the business may pass into the hands of the few, and many who are over-cautious about investing may get left. Railroad Fare In Texas. 8t Louis Railroad Review. The three oents per mile rate. to which the railroads of Texas are by law limited, is perhaps not too small for most of them. Where a road runs through a populous eootion of country and has a large patronage it can afford to carry passengers for three cents per mile. The reports of most of the Texas roads show that their revenues have grown much larger Jnsteadof smaller Bincethelaw went into effect; and in this instance, as in others which have oome under the observation of railroad men during the last few years, it has sufficiently appeard that reductions in rates of fare result in more travel. When these reductions are reasonable the roads making them will show great er gains. But the trouble in Texas is that the State is very large, and some sections sparsely settled. Many of its railroads, too, are long lines extending thorugh sections with a small as well as those having a large population. On these lines there ought not to prevail the same rate for all divisions. The Texas & Pacifio, for example, can make money on its eastern division when it can get three cents per mile, but on the western half of the line ten cents per mile is not an unreasonable rate. What is needed is a revision of the present law, a readjustment of rates and a clas sin cation of roads. Upon some of these it should be lawful to charge six or eight, or even ten cents per mile, while on others the rates could be fixed at three or four cents per mile. If th: revision is maae tne Texas rairoaa companies would be satisfied, and some encouragement would be furnished to capatalists to invest more meney in new roads in the State. Valuable Tin Discoveries iu Alabama. From a late number of the Ashland Banner, Clay County, Alabama, we learn of the discovery of large and valuable lodes of tiu bearing rocks, at the Broad Arrow Mines, near that place Within the last year Mr. G. W. Gesner, of this city, having secured proprietary rights to the above lands, has erected machinery for crushing, stamping, and washing the ores, and is now engaged in working on an extensive scale. The ore has hitherto been found chiefly as a finely disseminated oxide in gneiss, as in Germany and other localities, but indications strongly point to the existence of the compact oxide, cassiterite, somewhere in the lake. As the locality is readily accessible by railroad to Talladega, Alabama, and thence about twenty-live miles to Ash land it is confidently expected that this discovery and enterprise will be the means of attracting attention to a section hitherto little known. The country is well wooded and watered, of a mountainous character, and emi nently adapted for mining pursuits. It is worthy cf mention that this U tho first attempt in the United States to work tin ore on the snor, whwrw found. PUIS. M ('.i Kriflacba r.nfl relievo all tho troubles licl- it t.) ii hilioua Pi:ito of tlio cystem, Buch as irjs Nausea, Drowsiness. Wstress after eating, ' -i'int:i.Silc, As. While their most remark-,x-1 ujtxsa has been shown in curing a:;d i cuUto the bowels. Even if ihey only cured ArV t'iry wonld be almo-t priceless to thow who 1 1:.' r from this distressing complaint ; but fortu- - i . J fi.irl hnm nnHthAU who nv.ro try thorn ill find theso ltttlo pills valu iri o many ways that thrr will not be wUUng u! to do without llicm Is Vie bana of M many Uvtk that hem is whew w make our prcat boU Cur pul cure it while C-rtcri Litile Livrr Tills tt pmallaod Tf ry e.sy to t..k. On or two puis Uiake a dose. Tn. v a"! frutly Testable and do not pripe or mnrr. but v tli.ir f.-ntle artiun hm nl fn vini t Menu: fiv f.ir ft. buhl H cviTvwliT or cnt by bujL CAUTEtt CO- Hew Yvrk Cut. M m w.,k made at home by the Imlustrt riT fl u. knin.u nam before the I XpMle. Capital no le. Welll whole time to the bi ,. ' t J.H E -III pay T rly JAZ make nnMi pay. by cnrwW al -. l.Uy outfit aad term. free. T ''' l! and boBorably. Addra Tar Co., iru Maiae. Cheapest Bibles V; CURE IW:kV. vet Carter's Little Liver Pills are eqiiallr ,a!uui,!o ):i Constipation, curing and preventing ninmr. while they also correct HEAP ACHE STRENGTH to vigorously push a business, strength to study a profession, strength to regulate a household, strength to do a day's labor with out physical pain. All this repre sents what is wanted, in the often heard expression, "Oh! i wish I had the strength I" If you are broken down, have not energy, or feel as if life was hardly worth liv ing, you can be relieved and re stored to robust health and strength by taking BROWN'S IRON BIT TERS, which is a true tonfe-a medicine universally recommended for all wasting diseases. jot N. Fremont St., Baltimore During the war I was in jured in the stomach by a piece of a shell, and have suffered from it ever since. About four years ago it brought on paraly sis, which kept me in bed six months, and the best doctors in the city said I could not live. I suffered fearfully from indigestion, and for over two years could not eat solid food and for a large portion of the time was unable to retain even liquid nourishment. I tried Brown's Iron Bitters and now after taking two bottles I am able to get up and go around and am rapidly improving. X). Decker. BROWN'S IRON BITTERS is a complete and sure remedy for Indigestion, Dyspepsia, Malaria, Weakness and all diseases requir ing a true, reliable, non-alcoholic tonic. It enriches the blood, gives new life to the muscles and tone to the nerves. fiiiBce itiUTDF All ELSE FAILS. Befit Couch Syrup Trmi-h nood. Use In time. BoidbydruKniHtB. mmmmmMBLE-.-wmm NORTH-WEST COR. CAPITOL REV.A.I.H0BB3 Writes: A n thnrnn frh trial of t P U IEON TONIC, I take pleasure in statin mat J. nave dbbu :he y BLOOD 9 trrpatlv benented DV use. Minister.1) and Pub lie Speakers will find it of the ETeatest value where a Tonic is neces sary. I recommend it as a reliable remedial asrent, possessing un doubted nutritive and restorative properties. VMWMtca iyea vu 4 nJ e sssssmmmmssssssssssssssaw nammm P2STA22I) 8? TSS DR. HARTER MEDICINE CO.. 213 V. JUCI EX., ST. UQX8. slilDHAR MAKE HEWS LAY relcsV-le. KotFir r ea ari ana saa lay y U Initio, m J erery.kere. ee era kr saaU lae I TUTT'S E)(PL-CT0nAHT Is eompoMd of Utrbul aud Mueiluiuoua prod uct., wluoU permeate the eubetanee L.MUKS. expectorates Ue acrid matter thai ouileou iu the brouohial Tub, and lurms m eootMug eoaUnf, whuU relieves the lr ritatlou that oum the couch. It cleaaaca the lungs of all Impurities, strengthens them v hen enfeebled by disease, iuior. eta the circulation of tbe blood, and braces thj nerroua ay.tem. Wight cold often end In consumption. It Is daugerons to neglect them. Apply tho remedy promptly. A toatof twoiny years w'lrr.mts the awruoii that no remedy has err r le-n fonnd that Isaa prompt in its effect mhh TUTT'S EXPECTORANT. A. single dose raises the phlegm, auUluee inflammation, aud its us ee.iily cures the mot obstinate eough. A pi eaaant cordial, chil dren take It readily, t'vr Croup It U Inralnable and ahoulit ha In every family. In HV.anii it ltottlea. TUTT'S PILLS ACT DIRECT- ON THE llVER' Curve Chills and Favor, lyspepsla. Sick Headache. llUloas Colic .Constipa tion, KheumaUem, riles, l'alpltaUonof the Heart, llilness, Torpid ldver,and Female Irregularities. It you do not "feel rory well,Masinglepillat bed-time stlmulatesth I tomaeh, reatores the appetite, imparts vliror to the n.ti.m Trl.UK. S5MiirrrM..lV.i. v WRITE FOR TUTT'S MANUAL FREE." LAW1EIBACK Diseases of'K.Klneya a Bladder, Rheumatism, SoiaUoa.EPliepsy.i'ar a In la'Mnrvoua Debil ity and all Weaknesses resmltliiK irom overwor. Indisoretlon or Excess es, permanently cured by THE HOWARD GALVANIC SHIELD! uaivanio juecincuy, 'furnished by our appllan. ices Replaces the Force land Vigor drainea irom tlio system, and thus cure 'without DrueginsT the Stomach. Illustrated Pamphlet Freel , TEI BOWABS ILICTSWfACh NXTIO IHSOLSStl.byUaU. 7 LlfV address AMERICAN CALVANIC CO. 312 N. Oth 8t. 8t, Louis, Mo. Plain English! IS HERE EXPRESSED I rlTRABtwuiK QUR FREE ClROULAR TELLS THE REST V&!0&& ., Kansas, Juns Kth, 18BJ. IIATtRTS ttlEMIDT TO-UTOW-l uwm ui. I o-...o- directed and thej completelr cured me. In about one week from the time I commenced nalns them I oeaaj to sleep well and I oontlnutd to ut .all the box wits constant lmrrovementand aince that time (Oct. I bate felt like a new man. I trulj hope that manT of the .ullerers will llnd out that you have a speolno lot nervous wouknenn and he cured by the same. Kespeotfullr Vours, 1 , .. p. B. You will not publlxh my name but persons Tlalt Jng you may be referred to me and I will answer them. To every younsr, middle ae or old man troubled with nervous or physical debili ty or Impotence sealed circular is sent free. Send full address on postal card to HARRIS REMEDY CO. 8t. Louis, Mo. We want your addreae. You need our remedy, end and be couvlncod of this. SQUARE-, AUSTIN TEXAS. A. combination of Pro-toj-ide of iron, l'vruvlan Mark and l'hophorus in a jMlatablo form for Debility Xoa of Ajrpe titc, JProttlratUm of Vital J'owcr it is indiapenBO hie. P?IF I E Syduatry m says:- T It. . t ronaider It o mnaf. (excellent remedy for the debilitated vital forces. I Wit 1 vmmm PERFECTION la ROASTING and BAKING k only attained by !"; FER STOVES nd RANGES Am l"'l TTiaary Sne sal Crm -"a tr.r...r ra t ratry.amy. M Iwrw m4 l'"5r utA hre ere fMrr. ar Wlotl7 re aa4 tM-al- 1- CVi lueie.stae.