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TV XT ' an ! t. trees tress. viarcos I. H. JIIIjIA-lSr, "Prove All Thln? i Hold Fast that which Is Ceod." PEOPIIETOR. VOL. XIII. SAN MARCOS, HAYS COUNTY, TEXAS, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 1884. NO. 0. ' ' - - - ' . Free Press. HJBLIBHSD BVIAY TBOIlBDAf T ISAAC IL JULIAN, - fo whom all Letter should be Addressed. - OFFICE-North Side of Pla:i. B4TSSOFSVBSOKIFTW. Que year. In edvanc $1 00 Si, ntontb ' i..., i ti Tbree aiotilli H . - T BATS8 OF A.DVKRT1SIS9. Op. square, .u. Insertion $t 00 i eaeb addltlea I Insertion nnder.oe month. 60 .eats ner Sonera. 1 mo. I Imoi, II IBM Square 1 " " X olm i.eo 1 1 t.0 5.00 TOO .oc J oo S.OO 10.00 11.00 10.00 80.00 60 00 1,10.00 MOO 60.00 TOO 10. 11.001 so. .00 00 K.00 76.00 ao.ool S6.00 tharied On. Dollar per nt for tb. rs( ln eerllon. tnd Fifty Cents per eqnar for eaoh aaoi- Inn. I Inaarllon. A MUrl I ID IPM Of .n. t i .-A TnniiiM Advertisements win ne Incb. Fractional square, will b ooaotad ai full "Laoaf and Business Kotleea will b. eharnad ton cents par Una for tba liret Inaartlon, and eight cent par Una for aaeb additional Inaartlon. Annononluceandldalea foroUlse, eounty, 6.00 For D'strlot or State olBeee 10.00 Business Cards, oaa incb or lent, an year, 48 00 ' Carta la Business Directory, on year, ,1 00 . Our Clubbing List for 1888. Wa ar. praparad t. olub tba PBKB PBB88 to new er renewing subscribers with tba following pabll cations at tba ralai specified below. If ordered at th. same time wltb oar paper. In the Ural eoliuan we giro the regular price of aeb publication singly, Id the seeond the prlee af the earn, and the Faal Pass, together.' Singly. Lltlell' LWIng Age, ,8 00 Oalvcston Sews 1 60 X. 1. Weekly Tribune J 00 flt Louis Republican . 1 00 M.T. Ledger ...j S 00 . The Graphlo (weakly) 1 60 Louisville Courier Journal 1 60 Texas Kifllngs 1 60 Farm and lUnob 1 0l With th Free Preen (8 M S 60 3 6S 3 90 66 3 80 3 05 3 66 1 60 8 SO Detroit Free Press i t. Turlington Uawkeye 3 00 3 SO Saturday Kvening ran.. , Obloago Ledger Jew fork Observer ... , Atlanta Constitution.... ' Prairie Farmer c Texas Stock Journal American Agriculturist . American Farmer clclentltlo American .... Southern Cultivator Sunny South Ceutury Magazine- .. .. tit. Htohola Harper's Young People.. Voutb's Conjpauinu...... Atlantic Monthly ...... I.tppincott's Magailoe... l-cleetio Mag-axlue : Tbrouologlcal Journal I 00 1 00 3 00 3 86 4 10 3 05 , 3 40 4 80 3 06 I :s 4 80 3 16 4 16 6 65 4 65 80 3 S6 -6 15 4 46 0 26 3 66 3 65 4 80 " 6 60 1 66 6 16 6 15 6 15 6 16 .. 3 15 .. 1 60 . a oo .. 3 oo .. 1 6U .. I 00 .. 8 10 .. 1 60 .. a 60 .. 4 00 .. 00 .. 1 60 .. I 76 .. 4 00 ...S 00 ...6 00 .. 1 00 .. "t Hi .. a oo .. 6 00 .. 1 ) Peterson's MaKaiuic A vpleton' Journal f'opuUr science Monthly The MiotocoMiR ' WaRIlne of Attirrlcali Hlalory. Prank Lcsllv'a llluMraud News oauer . .. ;. . 4 60 4 00 . -lilioi.' jountai.ra ou . Oliliniiey-CorHer; 4 00 " olbir publications . - . at "iruport!onalo ': I rittert Harper's Monthly.. . Werkly.' ., " Bar ffoilvy's lady's ll'k Ili.ninreHt's Mmitlily llnllou's Magasine . Onldxn ! 4 00 4 H 4 on 1 00 1 0. 1 60 5 00 6 16 6 ir 8 06 8 55 8 Si 4 16 a nx 3 nO 1 SO Our l ittle Ones inai mi d nn an tneaiwve. .ny oinei pa per or periodical turulibod at proportionate rates. We will slo send any of the a), ova singly, or any 'ether paper or periodical at publishers prices, free of .barge.. . Tba many losses caused by failure, robbery of, and mitir thofts out nfihe itialln. make It absolute ly iiAecexiiary o eenil by po.ul order, registered lot- tr or drarr Tne safe arrival of all publications gnaranared. If after reasntiable time any subscriber falls to receive tbe publtoatlon sent (or, notify us by postal card that the error If any, maybe promptly cor rected. Onr resnonsllillltv ceases wken paper arrives vlth dates correctly orediled, whleb ia evldenoe the publisher baa been paid. GENERAL'; DIEEOTOBY. OFFICIAL. oonanassmM 8n pistuot: Bon. James Fl Miller, of Qonisles County. . . asAToa-35TM distbiot: Hon. Geo. Pfeuffer, of Comal Co. . K aaraasamativaa lr Dtaraior: Hon. Sterling Fisher, of Hays Co. lion. J..M. Staguer, of Caldwell Co. . oisTBioT oouar 16rn DisTaioT. Hon. L. W. Moore, Presiding Judge, LaQrange, J. M. Bethany. Attorney, AnatinCo. Tinas or houhxo oonar. Han. Sd Mondays In March and September. oouht orvioaa. Ed B. Kone, Judge County Court. Jas. G. Burleson, Dlst. and County Clark. Owen Ford, County Attorney. H. B. Barber Sheriff. J. M. Tomer, Deputy C. S. Cock, Justice of the Pesee Pre Ho- Pavtd Lyncb, 1 1 . - w. u. wyan - ., - J.C.Rowe, " " " ,- W. W. Slack, J. H. Patterson, County Treasurer. H- 8. Portion, Assessor. Joe. C. Kve, Burveyor- T.J. MoCarty, Cou'r Prceinst He. 1. J.B. Ratlilf, .. j. J. R. Burleson, - " . " 3! . W.B.Wood, ' - '"4. J. F. PltU, ConUble Precinct III Tim as or soldi an Corarr am PaaoisKrv Cocavfr Connty Court lor Criminal, Civil sod Pr-batebea-Inesa 4th Mondayaia January, Marsh. May, July, September and November. Commissioners' Court Id Monday, la February, May, August and Hovember. ' Jaatiee Coart Predaot Be. Wat Friday la each ; aaeutb, San Marcee. Product He. 1 Id Friday In each moat Mt. dry. ' 8 Sd Wimberley'e MilL - 4 41k " Dripping Springe. rows omcsae. ' Mayor C. t. Cork. - -Council W. O. Uulcblaon. O. W. Donalroai, T. P. Dailry. D. A. Clover, Wm. Gleaee). Marshal r. M. Prince. Council meeta'tbe Aral Taaday4a tart aaatb. - ARR1VAI, A5D DEPABTCBB OP. TO AHD FROM 6AH IfABfOd OFflCI. Mills fraea Aasrie arrive at 1.15 P. M eaaea) at 3-w P. M " Sea A sua la arrive at 1-15 F. M-. cbea iulg". arrives al 11 M, alaass si MM. T. M. Akve mails arrive and Opart dally. Blanee, vie Wlasbertey pertt Mealay aad FHday at . A. M. Arrive. Taeaday ae4 Ssaaday as 1 P. M. Ctanl Delivery areas 8 A. M te 11 M-. end frees I P- P. M . Pastofllce epe .. Svadav a (rear after diatriW- AI4tCT HtATOW. P. Oil Ht'llfJ. MfTaOWrr. PTehlrc e I. Mbadlel Chare every Sabbath, a. " Bevrtv, Porta. Saaday Srbeat e 0 e'rter. A.M. CaM airal- er poena; area's Prarer MeMrne; at 8 e'eaac P. M. Pre jar Meevrag ee Wi4a.'Say. rsOTinn rnaCOP al arvla lei mm 84 Sawders each aaewb. ea l.a e'caeesi. a. , aW w, (a at. Bark's Cbartbi. S. Mr. ; AI)B. j lmT-fw.il. at th Sap CVwv . a tbe ra mMi .air. Swaaaye la ear eaeenV ! 6Vr. i. BvaaVaa. peat sr. , t ATftruc, vmM ab aaala ia aA eaeb. aWv. Foafcev land, paar. ITaTe are alee aid CVm ttttnm -m-4 nenfiam. M tby ba a prie aa aa rvgvlaa aoaaia'a- Mociirrtui. ( an If areas Lodg. fa. 141 ejects Salarday an at kafora full oaa. A. 0. Daalerlk W. . Albert Hea'oa Secretary. aaj Harass Obaptar Ha. 1M, Meets Tuesday in of before full eioeo. p. J. 0. Smith M. K. U. P. Albert Beaten. Secretary. Bays Lad K. .1 8. Ha. 188, meets lad and alb Frldaxa of aaab monlk. J. V. Hntohliie. Dlotator. T.J. faal, Heperter. L O. O. P. Mountain J,de,e Ha. 1(4 maata every Monday night. J, T. Holland,. H. U. Albart Union- f aoratary. Parkins Bnaampmant Ho. 64 maats 1st Snl and Sib Friday af aaeb month. J.Ward. CP. Albart Uaalon Secretary. Order of Chosen-Friends. Basil Deller, .0.0, Albert xieeton, aecreieri. BUSINESS DIRECTORY. BANKERS. TjID. J. L. GREEN.. Boutbeaut Corner JQj Plaza, at Mulone'o old ptaiid. J" A. OLOVEE, North side Plaza. lAWFEJtS. "TTTOOD & FORD, Wood'i NewfinUdlng VV Upstairs. t; f T. BROWN, Office ia MHoholl -BuUd- V Ids, upstair. - TpiSHER & ROSE, Office in Wood's New Jjuiiaing upstairs. . AO TAR Y PUBLIC & O'L AO'T. In. JULIAN, Judge Wood's New Build. . inpr, upstairs. PR YS1C1AN8 & SURGEONS. "P.R8. WOODS & BURLESON, Office at JL Raynolds Daniel's drugstore. "TR. WM. MYERS, Offloe at Fromrae's L Drugstore, southeast Corner Plaza, DENTISTS. DR. J. H. COMBS, Judge Wood's New BuildiDg, upstairs. DR. N. B. MoLEAN, Office Wood's Building, with Dr. in Judge Combs.. DRUGGISTS. FKOMME, South side Plaza. RAYNOLDS - Plaza. & DANIEL, . North side DRY GOODS. 1 KEEN & PRICE, at Malone's old stand, JT Southeast Corner Plaza. DRY GOODS & GROCERIES. XOHNSON & JOHNSON, Mitchell Build- tf ing, JNortli ude plaza. L. J. DAILEY; West Side of Main Plaza. DAILEY & Pluza. BRO., Southwest Corner E 71 I. IGLEHART, Eust side of Plaza. Opposite Court House. BOOTS tf SHOES. I B. IIANKLA, Manufacturer and Deal- O , or, North side Plaza. ' ERH. LAUMEN, East side Plaza. WHOLESALE GROCER, M ARTIN HINZIE, Southeast Corner Plaza. G KOGERIES. A J. 8WASEY. South side Plaza. GROCERIES & HARD WARE. G W. DONALSON , Plaza. t CO., North side FURNITURE. J. WARD, East side Plaza.' JW. NANCE, nearly opposite Hinzie's . Grocery Store. WA TCIIMAKKBS A JE WBLSRS. W. H. BOBBINS, North side Plaza. BtOVES at TINWARE. -jjr-ARTIN HINZIE, Southeast Cor Plaza. EO. HENNE. East Side Plaza. ' ' SADDLES dt HARNESS. 0. S. COCK, Southwest Corner Plaza. WK. McMCLLEN, East aide Plaza at , Iglchart's Store. UYEItt et 8ALE8TAHLES. J) ALES &. ON, San Autouio StrcoL. MR A T MARKET. s. L. T0WN9END, Southwea Plaza, BA KER Y at COXFKCTIOA ER T. JpiUTZ LANUK" Sooth aide Plaaa. Hl. UB1XD COXBIXATIO. 'M. THE SAN MABCG3FBEE PBESS steal tb LearienO WEEKLY COUEIEB-JOUBNAL Oa yesa? ser ealv S as Tw pee Oar Bute aar. SeSSKSCSJCKSSS? evtw I of b Hearth. I hr.Ta-lbraneia. ale.ee tare VaM. aad brieta 1ar vl tb lad Pi, Tb-ee arfca V Ire e 1 .- a apy arar- THK Central Hotel) MAIMPLASA. ... SAN ANTONIO, TEX. 1.50) pr Ittty. Situated on the Mala Plata, In the vary (eater af tb city, between tne vepote, wltb .treat oars in (rout running to all Poblic Plaoas and Plaaaare Re sorts. Husars I. all Trains, and Tail Hlaaee to all poluts. Telephone connections with every pert of tbe ally and variaus points norm, eua neat, awe trio Light. Semi-dally Mall Delivery. Is the meet eon venteut to bueiuaaa and plrasure, and bring under the oldest management Is tbe brat place to obtain Information about (ha country, Owning oar ewa irtiprovemaats wa can furnish flrst-elaaa eeeommo- dations at 01.60 per day, thus savlug to onr patron. at least f 1.00 par day. Knglleb, Uerman, rrencn and Spanish spoken. Quests will reoelve Ike best attention. dsll Oa L n. BAKEH, . FropV, Printing Outfit. :; FOR SAI.& Tb. Choapoat Y.t I 5CT' portion Of 6, MSWlU'Ai'JU KtiU JUB PRINTING OUTFIT (except Newspaper Press.) It oonsiBts of 160 to 200 lbs of Bour geois; about 100 lbs of Nonpareil, (both sec ohd hand, but good, and very ooiuplote and weU sorted :) some FIFTY FONTS more or less as may be wanted of GOOD HANDSOME DISPLAY AND JOB TYPE, "of nil sorts and sizes i" a pair of chases for a six, seven or eight column paper, wan Column and Head Rules, and an abundance of Leads and Dashes all complete and good: Brass Galleys; Cases; Job Chases ; Com posing Sacks, &a, &e. - Also a good UOVELTY. JOBBER! 10x14 inches inside of chftse. All of which will be sold AT A BARGAIN FOR CASH, being entirely surplus to my offloe. Impros- sions of type and other particulars will be sont on application. Don't fail to write me, for I am preoared to offer the ormtemt bar. gain in Printing Material to be found in ttoptau or euevttor. Address L H. JULIAN, ' Proprietor Fbbx Pans, San Maroos. Texas. - THE "0LI RELIA11LE" WATC HMAKBR JEWELER, OPTICIAN, and dealer la all grades of . . CLOCKS. .WATCHES, JEWEL- EY.' SILVEEWARE. FANCY 00DSAND NOTIONS. NORTH BIDS OF TUB PLAZA. All good warranted a represent ed all work to gite satisfaction, or money refunded. HT All goods sold as low if not lower than can be bought elsewuere in Texas. "A Merciful Man is Merciful to his Beast." ONLY 25 CEXTS 2,500,000 ALREADY SOLD. . . : A TREATISE ON THE z& HO R-SE lfe AND BIS DISEASES ' -BY- B. KENDALL & CO.. rVLL. OF Valnabie and Practical INFORMATION, AND CONTAINING AN INDEX OF DISEASES. Which gives the symptoms; Cause and Best treatment of each ; a Table giving all the principle drugs used for the Home with the ordinary dose, effects and anti dotes when a poison, a Table with an en graving of the horse's teeth at different ages, with rules for telling the age of the Horse ; 05 Engravings nhowing the important points in tba structure of the Hone, also illustrating varioas diseases. A valuable collection of receipts many of which would cost a boras owner three to five dollars each. . Every Farmer. Should Own TJus Book PRICE 25 CEiYTS 25 Remittance may be made in currency mi nt or sUmf., Send all Order, to . 12 FREE PKESSCTS. WESTERN NURSERIES! YW eal.r Igail aotl ai S oil - ii,-... twt tWev be e S I rr-e. Mr WIUhi m I.O. , Hals csa T tKA. asarsaead area asiswii t ir " GrewlA, (Ha aad aad efK.tv MS I mmm. TVaraaa-k aia I at of Pee . Meee. , aaiia. aval Arfte Tvvw, eVra raa e ttr. ASaa fan 1 1 naia a4 sv asm n..e. ad w nxaj .ai ai a. n. ear. ruaasa la ASavSies n aire .rx sa, r lAMiA aiu u iiiiauiuus 1' 1 I 1 I U Mm Uk.US-SSl Wm,rrij, llara Co. 7ea nariuLT new. i a NOTHIXa A5D 80ME1PH0. T FBAJfOM SU W. B1APU. It is nothing to Bl the boautf said, With a careless toss of her pretty bead; The man is weak if ho can't refrain From the oup yon say is fraught with pain, It was aomethinaT to her In after years. Whan her eyas were drenched with burn ing tears, And aba watched in lonely grief and dread. And startled to boar s staggoring triad. It is nothing to me, the mother said; I have no fear that my boy will tread The downward path of ain and shame, And crush lay heart and darken hif name. It was something to bar when that only ' - son - ' . From the path of right was early won, And madly oast in the flowing bowl, A ruined body andp4 sin-wrecked soul It is nothing to me, the merchant said, '. As over his ledger he bent his head; I'm busy to-day with tare and tret, And hare no time to fume and fret. It was something to bim when oyer the wire A message came from a funeral pyre A drunken conductor had wrecked the train, And his wife and child ware among the It is nothing to me, the young man cried: In his eye was a flash of scorn and pride l need not tne dreadful tungs ye tell," I can rule myself, I know full well. -. A eras sometbing to bim when in prison -. ne lay, The victim of drink, life ebbing away. As he thought of his wretched child .and wife, And the mournful wreok of bis wasted life. It is nothing to me, the votof said The party's loss ia my greatest dread Then gave bis Tote for the liquor trade, Though hearts were orushed and drunk ards made. It was something to him in after life, When his daughter became a drunkard's ;:- 'wife, V ' ' And her hungry children cried for bread, And trembled to hear their father's tread. nothing for as to idly sleep While the cohorts of death their vigils keep, ; To gather the young and thoughtless in . , ; , ; . . i i i . . n Ana gnna in our uuusi a grift or Biur It is something yes, all, for us to stand, And clasp by faith our Savior's hand To learn to labor, live and fight, ' On tbe side of God and changeless right. Written for Ike Fans Panel. . Reminiscences of Texas Teteran The ' Santa Fe Expedition, etc, . 810. SBHABO. LVI. XINDAIX'S MABRATTVB OOXTINUED. "They then started for their camp, While our officers were in consulta tion one of them reminded Col. Cooke of the peculiarity ho had observed in Lewis's conversation, and told him av that his suspicions were aroused, for tue very countenance 01 tne man forboded evil. Col Cooke went after Lewis, and held a private consulta tion with him. On returning he said the officer must be wrong for Lewis hod pledged to him his Masonic faith for the correctness of bis state ments. That day our arm and equipments were taken from nsj "We were among strangers desti- tate of the very necessities of life entirely broken down physically and well nigh mentally, two hundred and fifty miles from our companions, and there were no means on the route of supporting nature in an effort to to reach them ; added to all these, we had the assurance of one of our companions, who had ever been con sidered a man of honor we bad his pliguted faith that we were among friends, and would be treated accord ingly. Could we, would anyone else have done otherwise than capitulate, upon the terms offered t It is pain ful to denounce one with whom I had associated as a brother officer and fellow soldier upon a .dangerous ex pedition, one whom I Lave . looked upon as a man, as a Texan ; it is pain ful, I aay, to denounce any one thus situated aa a villain and a traitor, but the facts are too conducive William P. Lewis betrayed his associates to a cruel and inhuman fcaemy. He has the mark upon his forbead, and will yet be found, recognized aa the Judas of the nineteenth century. "Just before dark we were formed, and the Mexican faith began to show itself While we were forming, how ever, tbe treachery of Lewis becom ing apparent, Col Cooke called to him and in the hearing of the betray ed, as well as bis newly found associa tes!, denounced him ia language which, if he had any soul at alL must have reached it Ha reminded him of his pledged honor, which had been forgotten, of his pledged Masonic faith which had been broken, and de clared that bat for him las former aeavocialea would have died in the ditch. "After we were focrned, our kntvea, vraU Jsr, aad indeed every article of ;pTvil ITrTriy Wire takra from oa, LfMW with s!1 sear l-vnire exflrrH i w aa iai il ai CAU i I.WA.4 i ark We wtre then formed double file, marched nearer tbe ranobo, or town, and there en camped for the night with our guards ill around us." Such fa Lieutenant Lubbock's ao oount of tho agency of Lowis in .induc ing the Burrendor of his former friends and companions. The bo me officer then goes on to speak of the arrival of Armijo, on tho day after the sur render, saying that the petty tyrant waa much esaunoratod on seoing that the (betrayed prisoners wero not tied. By bis orders they wore thon bound four, . six, , or eight together, as many as tho dincrent lariats would confine. , The cries of the more open friends of Armijo were : 'kill them! kill them!" . . ; After nightfall a consultation was hold more immediately in the in tercet of Armijo, and directly witltin the hearing of the Texans, as to tho pro priety of executing them all on the soot or Bonding them' all forthwith to the City of Moxioo as trophies of thovalor of the Now Mexicans. The patty in favor 01 uio latter course Drovoiled bv a maionty of only one 4. . W. V - er vote! , So far as the writor has beon able train information of tho traitor, Cnpt. Lowin, it was rumored that he was despised by all Americans in Mexico, that from .Santa Fe he took his departure for Chihuahua, whero most wealthy American merchants and Mexicans resided, that he mot no encouragement there, and itwos sup posed that from thence lie went to South America to avoid all intercourse with and to meet none even of hag lishmen, his own coimtrymon, in orn der to hido his shame, disgraoe, and treachery toward his intimato mantis. I may be mistaken m tue rumors heard about lain, -but certain it is no clue of his further life conld bo ascertained, that he left New Mexico after betraying us, only to save his life and got a share of the goods the the Texanfl had. That all his filthy gain by his betrayal did him no good, is evident, for he did not tarry long in the Republic of Mexico, and nono know hiff fiual fate, but I suppose " it was not a good one. lie lucked evon the courage of a Judas, the be trayer of Jesus Christ, to hang him self, but he condemned himself an outcast from society. C. E. WASHINGTON LETTER. I From Our llegulsr Correspondent, Washington, Jan. 2G, 1884. Some few years ago the square just west of tho Whito House contained many old-fashioned and historic build ings, prominent among wnicli stood the old wur and navy departments, These old departmental buildings were points of much interest to the visitor; they were excellent examples of the American architecture of near ly a century ago, and presented striking contrast to the massive mar ble buildings of the Government of to-day. They were curious old struc tures, of almost corresponding size and plan. Thoir walls were of plain brick, punted a dingy drab; on the interior thoy were dark and dusty, while brick floors addod to the gone ral rusticity. One by one these old buildings have given way to the steady march of the new State. War, and Navy Department building towards completion. The old War Depart ment was demolished about four years ago; only tue old Navy building now remains. But its destruction will bo- gin on tho eighteenth of next month. In many respects this is the most im portant and interesting old building of them all. - Many associations of the early days of the Government at tach to the place. It was the first Departmental building constructed by the Government Its two lower stories were built in 1798, and at that time there was enclosed within tho walls four departments of tho young Government State. Treasury, War, and Navy. It will be but a few years before all the old historic land marks of the Capital will have passed away to make room for tho new city. The new State, War, and Navy De partment, which ia built of granite and is to occupy the entire square, will be tbe largest and handsomest departmental building. It already forms an imposing flank to the kft side of the White IIkiac, and wiH greatly enhance that executive enntre of the city. This executive aection coruprixca three aquarfes which bar Pennsylvaisia Avenue and c,uo it to 1 detvcnle an angle around tbe ntt of Government buildings. Ia Ux cen tral avitare is aitOAted the White House, onv-n-!d by a r-arotL'ri ' ' l ;park wrtb fW, forattiiia, axd ings. At tbe right of this park ia the Treasury, while on tbe square at the left is being reared the new structure. At night especially this section pre sents an attractive soene. From the Treasury depends a bolt of electrio lights, and the White Houso iaradi ant with the glare of the many gas lamps upon its porticos and about the grounds. The north, south, and east wings of tho hew building have al readv. been built and the debris of the old Navy Department will be clearod away in time to permit the commencement of work upon its west wing by the first of April. Tho con ventional massivo pillars and columns of the present departments will be missed from tho new building. . It is of modern architecture, and illus trates tho departure which has beon made by the Government of late voters in its Btrueturos. The new af Pension building, . the National Mu seum, tho Bureau of Engraving and Printincr. and tbe Agricultural De partment aro all brick . structures. They are also examples of this arohi tectum! departure, and afford a pleas- ing change from the conventional marble of the Interior Department, the Post Office Department, and the Capitol. The showering of reports from committees proves that Congress js buBily at work, although the routine proceedings on the floors of the two houses are as yet of no particular in torest A largo part' of tho general legislation which will be considered at this session is already reported or. in a very forward state in commit tee. But the most important bills have yet to como in. Tho appropri ations and tho ways and means com mittees are botu of tuem suont as yet, and tho banking and currency committee has made no sign. Two tariff bills aro soon to be submitted to the committee on ways and means, One by its chairman provides for horizontal reduction of twenty per centum in existing rates; tho other by Mr. Hewitt, is based on a compari son of existing rates and the various tables that have been in use or pro posed for adoption by the Govern mont. - Lsnox. Sectional Difference. It is much to be regretted that the "free grass" question should have pro duced a division of Bentiment repre sented by a sectional character. It is said that the south and southwest stockmen are iu favor of a herd law compelling tho foucing in of stock, and that the north and northwest are opposed to any such measure. If the sectional lines wero drawn . sharply, and did such sentiments overwhelm ingly prevail respectively, the fact would be calamitous iu more than one aspect. There are agitators within and withont who have never ceased to harp upon the strings of discord, hoping to engender a sufficiently strong sectional difference to produce a division of the State.' While tho majority of Texans are unquestion ably opposed to any Bacriligeous at tack upon the unity of the Common wealth, it has been often said that this is, when analyzed, more of a senti mental feeling than a practical prin ciple, and that if irritating and dis cordant causes be not held in check, such influences in the end will surely prove powerful enough to disrupt the atate.-rlIowiton Post. A Preulrforio Reservoir, ' New York Sun. "I've seen a good many wonderful things in my travels,' said John Gregg, commercial traveler, "but the Walled Lake of Iowa rather lays over everything I ever saw. Just imagine a body of water covering nearly 300 acres, with a wall built up all around it, not a stone in which can bo loss than 100 pounds in weight, and some as heavy as three tons, and yet there's not a Btone to lo found within ten miles of tho lako. The wall is ten feet high, about fifteen feet wide at the bottom, and may be five on top. The country is praine land for milec around, except a heavy belt of timber that encircles tbe lake. This timbor ia oak, and it ia plain that the treua were planted thtirc. They are very large. The belt ia probaLly half a mile wida The water in the lake is twenty five feet deep, aa cold as ice and as clear as crystal What I would hke to know is,, who built that wall, and how did they bold the water back bile they were building it And how did they cart those immense siu&tvs fur ten miles If ever Ton go to Iowa don t faJ to visit Walled Lake. You will find it iu Wright ucty, ICO milee from Dnl-aaue. The cars will t-ke you ahaoei to it". Tbe "Boy rrr-avrb" -UnifH hie sp- rvroarhicg siiamafre says be dow J nt know tie lady -from Adam'' w.th : - . . . nul-Til'"ra T"1 j The 29th of January just passed waa the anniversary of the birth of Thomas Paine. It was observed 'by some persons in many portions of the United States. The character of this man has been execrated by the Chris tian church oo account of his bittor attacks upon tbe Christian religion. His works havo been considered per nicious, and have boen interdicted by Christian people in their ' families. Bob Ingersoll is a greater orator than -Tom Paine was, but not half tho logi cian, and bis attacks upon Christiani ty in some instances have beon coara er than anything Paine ever said, yet he has boen taken by the hand in a public assembly, by a Christian min ister, and complimented for the good work he had aooomnlished. Paine was a patriot and did signal service for his country during the revolution ary war. Ingorsoll is recognized as a gontleman, and is the associate of . tho great men of the country, while the name of Paine makes Christian people Bhudder. Of the two Paine was the most loveable character, though Ingersoll is a genial and very generous man.' xr roine lived to-day he would have frionds, where ho bad bitter enemies in bis day and genera tion. What does' it all provef . The world movos and Christianity is more tolerant than it was when Paine was -in the flesh. The Christian religion stands on its own morils. and is not afraid of the Paines or Ingersolls who attack it The Christian world has come to the conclusion that evory man ought to be permitted to -enjoy his own religious views, and that Christianity does not advance itself by intolerance, or pcrsocuuon. San Antonio Times. ' ' Mr. George Banoroft, the histor ian, who has now reached bis 63d year, is apparently as well and strong vb ever, and his venerable white , head is frequently seen at social gath-' . . onngs, and he still takes his. daily horseback ride whonevor the woath- er pormits. No one hore is treated with as ranch honor and respect ' as Mr. Bancroft, and at his advanced " age it is wonderful how ho still pre serves tho fountain of youth within him and keeps abreast of the. times. Except for his snowy white hair, and board and 'a certain muffled quality ' in his voice, ho seems as youthful as ho could havo beon thirty? years ago. u I He has his quiet joke, bis little pleas antries and courtosios as much as any younger man, and delights in tho so ; cioty or young people. In 1834 ho published tho first volumo of his His tory of tho Unitod States, and in 1881 the eleventh and twelfth, volumes made thoir appearance. f. .., ; . ., ' . 1 Domestic Kcclpei. ' ! A good way to prepare baked apple ' for tea is to cut out the core before baking. When ready to, sond to the table, fill the space left in the applo with sweet cream with a little powder ed sugar in it Quinces are also ex cellent prepared in the same;, way. . in these butter may take the place of cream if more convenient ... . A nice sauco for ton can be made of figs. - Let them soak in cold wator or, better still, in a little sour cider, all night Then let them bou gontly until they are tender. Just before taking them from tho fire add sugar - to your taate. If you do not use ci der, tho juice of one or two lemons should be used to prevent the sauce from tasting insipid. " Potato Soup. To one quart of sliced potatoes odd two quarts of boil ing water, boil till tender, add butter, pepper, salt, and milk to suit the taste. ho soup is bettor to boil the pota toes in small quantities of water and add milk sufficient to make it the right consistency. To be served with crackers or broad. The potatoes look nicer cut in half inch squares. To Keep Lemons Freh- The best way to keep lemons is to put them in butter milk. Said a man at an hotel who makes hia breakfaHt off lomon juice and an egg, to a Syracuse reporter: "Leave an orange or lemon in that etnff one, two, or three months and when you take it out it will Le as fresh as a daisy. This is a pickle that I've got a patent on, and J want you to understand it can't be beaten-" Joel Fowler's Tallnjr Off. A Socorro, New Mexico (special, da ted January 23d saya At 1 o'clock this morning, Joel Fowler, a notorious Socorro dt-tporeV-do, waa taken from jad in spite cf Lis frantic appeals for mercy and rrit for help and dragged to a neiLbor troe and hauigtxL The crime for which he was Lan? was the murder of a man named James E. Co!& Sxne time iu November, Fowler with a number of drunken eoaa-arjons, look poaaeeaion of the town, marched through the street firing into win dow and mjdrixg cbiits dvco ar. J sing at the mouth of revolver. CVIe interfered to prpTttt bhLbd, and was stabbtal to daaUi by FonU r, w bo waa amatiod, fjuad gu-tj, an 1 ava-U-ooJ to tar .g ou tLe 4ll ir.-L An ar1"l was fc.km, and the cam al- jjoamavi lid use n'lt tvtrn. tx r i Jaail to be Lis terti-Ji vv-L.-n. Tow was wotti fj.iii.rvi 1 vnr.i 1 Lave b1 L, wravlih to i w.l-e w ivv: aa be h dt.e iu otL'- ca.-ev .-4