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San Marcos Mit Free Press
I. PI. JTJLTA.TST, PEOPEIETOK. "Prove All Thing I Hold Fatt that which Is Cood." VOL. XIII. SAN MARCOS, HAYS COUNTY, TEXAS, THURSDAY, JULY 17, 1881. NO. 32. Free Press. rCBUHBKD TUI TBOMUAT IT ISAAC H. JULIAN, To whom all Letters bonld be Addressed. OrriCE-Ronn side or rua jurmoF hub scrip tion. One TM. in advance... f 8 uiw mouths l Three month. 60 Tho above rate. Include Ib prepayment of noHUiza by o. 8auil. ooples etmt f re. Biuijle eoplo. 6 cents. ADVERTISING RATES. Lemtf and Transient Advertisement will be cbarcod On. UolUr P squar. for the first tusortion, and Fifty CouU por equare for eaoh additional insertion. A square is the snace of one Inch. Fractional snare will be eonntoda. full squares. Advertisements for three months or more will be charged at Uie loiiowmg nw i jV'o, of Sytart. 3 moa I 6 mo lyr. due etnmre, 4 00 8 00 10 00 16 00 85 00 40 00 8 on 18 00 15 00 25 00 40 00 65 00 1 on 20 oo 2.1 H) 40 00 Two squares Three aquarea One-fourth column One-balf column... One oolum 00 00 100 00 vrlv advertisers allowed the privilege of qanrteriy ensnge. Biwiness Cards, one Inch or leas, one year, in nnuinfum ninwtirv aha vaap an. vwub m j - - Local and business notices will be charged ten conts per line each insertion. Advortisoments for Schools, Churches and Benovolont Sooieties, half rates. Marriage and Obituarv Notices, of over ten linos, charged as advertisements. Calls upon candidates, their replies and their circulars, and all notices or a personal character, (if at all admissible into our col uinnOi will be charged aa advertisements. A cross mark upon the paper indicates that the time for which the subscription was paid has expired. All advertisements and subscriptions due in advance. rtnr terms for annonnoina candidates are : S10 for state and district offloos, $5 for county offices, and $2 GO for precinct and municipal. Terms, cash. Any of our frionds would do us a special favor by Riving us the names of any per . sous within their knowledge who would be likely to subscribe for the Fbeb Pbess, so that we may send specimen copies to such persons. iixCoBHumoiTioxi for the Feia Pats should be lent Id on Monday to ensure Insertion tbe seme ek,nnd all advertisements and business nollcee Dot later than Wednesday noon. 'FoMTiraLT no communication published unlesa the writer's real name accompanies II, not for pub lication unless deslrod ; but for onr own benefit and protection. HTAaraTAKiut. Persons who desire to subncr.be fr the Fi 1'hehs for three months can send Soots, in postage stamps Incloed In a letter. We ean use them. . GENERAL DIRECTORY. OFFICIAL. coxaaasSMAN 8tb nisTaiCT! Eon. James F. Killer, of Goniales County. so atoa - 35tr DisTaicT: Hon. Geo. PfeulTir, of Comal Co. asraassNTATivcs Olar distmot: lion. Sterling Flatter, or Hsy Co. Hon. J. 2?. Slagner, of Caldwell Co. DISTRICT OOCBT 16TH DIST3IOT. Hon. I.. W. Moore, Presiding Judge, Lad range. J. M. Bethany. Attorney, Austin Co. TIBIU Or HOLDINO OOCET. Hays. 2d Mondays in March and September. ooukt orrioaaa. Ed R. Kone, Judge County Court, Jas. G. Burleson, Dlst. and County Clerk. Owen Ford, County Attorney. B. E.Barber Sheriff. J. M.Turner, Deputy. C. g. Cock, Justice of the Peace Pre. No- 1 .David Lynch, ' ff. M. Wyatt " " " " " J.O.Rowe, " " " " "4 W. W. Slack, " " 6 J. H. Patterson, County Treasurer. K' S. Fortson, Assessor. a Joe. C. Bve, Surveyor. T.J. MiCarty, Cou'r Proclnot Ko. 1. J.B.Ratllff, " " " J.B.Burleson, " " " ' W. R. Wood, " " " J, H. Turner, Constable prnclnes Bo. 1. Tims or boldiso Count ad PaaoiHor Cooars County Court for Criminal, Cvil and Pr ibate bus iness 4th Mondays in January, March, May, July, September and November. Commissioners' Court 2d Mondays In February, May, August and November Justice Court Preclnot No. 1 let Friday In each month, Ian Marcos. Precinct No. 2 ad Friday in each month Mt. City. " " 3d Wlmberley'a Mill. 4 4th " Dripping Springs. tows orrieaas. Vsyor-C. 8. Cock. Council W. D, Wood, 0. W. Donalson, T. P. Dsiley, D. A. Gloier, Wm. Glesen. Msrshal-r. M. Prince. Council meets the Brat Tuesday In each month. JVIA.il..!. ARRIVAI, AND DEPARTURE OF, TO AND FROM SAN MARCOS POST OFFICE. Malls from Austin arrlt-e at 2:30 P. M.i doao at 2:00 P. M. " " San Antonio aril's at 3:30 P. M., close at 2:0t P. M Lullng, arrlres at 12 M., elosss at 12:45. P. M. Above malls arrive and depart dally. Blanco, via Wlmberley departs Mondsy and Friday t A. M. Arrivea Tuesday and Saturday at t P. M. ptkb aocas. General Delivery from S A. M., to 12 M.. and from IP- M. to 5 P. M. except d urine distribution ef nails and on 8ondya and holidays. Open on Ssndaya thirty ml lutes after distribution of each el the principal saalls. ALBERT BEATON, P. M. t:iit;Kjiit. METHODIST. Preaching at the Methodist Cbarch every Sabbath, Kev. Buckner Harris, Pastor. Saneay Srhoolal 'clock, A.M. Clasa meetlug er yoanr Men'a Prayer Meeting at S o'clock P. M. Prefer Meeting ea Wednesday. PROTESTANT EPIRCOPAL. Services let and Saadayaeach meath, at 1SH clock, a. ., and - (at St. Mark's Chrch), hw tbe Kev. Mr. Allea, BAPTIST. Preach lag at the Baptist Cbareh a Ue final sa4 third Saadaya ia each aaonth. i H HeodoB. pastor. CATHOUC. aonleea 4tkj Saaday la each wieath, ev. Fataier Moraadi, pastor. CHRIST! Al Sorvtooa rvory lad aad 4th Inaday WMota. Be. J. L. Pntcheit. paator. PRESBTTRE1 AN.-Sornree Sad ad 4th laadays at saoath. Bo J. B. Froaca, paator. MM. IK I i Ladn Ma. Ml aieeta Satardar on ar at. Aioan . . . .. . aL avr ' ' .lo O.r. Hooatala Mi. I'd woeta T I"er aarha. i. T. Boil, J. al" tnw,. . tToa.aw We. eul W aod Vh "eye- c. . Soaw C. r. Alaort See. oeervaart. .r of CVoar frleaoa. Saaaa D-T. C C. y oaroai .v-oa. W t STO-AOyj Q r-TTh:'v aa Saroa Chapter . 1S. Toeeday or pC IfSslPlf aaeeaal o aAvwol. .it am r. J. C. Santa . B. B. r. , Ml I I g.sa the T l-ds. K ad . . It, d o2T.JL.JIc fi, Laa. y sW T BUSINESS DIRECTORY. BANKERS. D. J. L. GREEN, Southeast Comer flaxa, at alalone's old stand. D. A. OLOVEIt, North aide Fbuta. LA WYER8. -ITTOOD tt FORD, Wood's New Building 1 V Upstairs. r T. DROWN, Offloe In MituheU Build- V. ! Ins, upataira. T7USIIER A ROSE, Office In Wood's New JJ llmlding upstairs. NOTARY PUBLIC ct- G'L AO'T. T II. JULIAN, Judge Wood's New Build L. I log, Upstairs, l'Jl YSWIA NS tt- SURGEONS. D It E. de BTIEOER, offloe at Reynolds a, uaniors Drugstore. D RS. WOODS A BURLESON, Office at ltaynolds & Daniel's drugstore. D R. WM. MYERS, Office at Fromme's Drugstore, Southeast Corner Plaza. DENTISTS. D R. J. H. COMBS, Judge Wood's New Jiuildwg, upstairs. D R. N. B. MoLEAN, Office in Judge Wood's Building, with Dr. Combs, DRUGGISTS. E FltOMME, South sido Plaza. RAYNOLDS Plaza. & DANIEL, North side DRY GOODS. REEN & PRICE, at MiUone's old stand, VJT Southeast Corner Plaza, DRY GOODS & GROCERIES. JOHNSON A JOHNSON, MitoheU Build ing. North side plaza. L J. DAILEY, West Side of Main Plazo. DAILEY & Plaza. BRO., Southwest Corner T7 I. IGLEHAItT. East sido of Plaza, J-Ls. Opposite Court House. BOOTS rf- SHOES. JB. HANKLA, Manufacturer and DtJhl . er, North Bide Plaza. ERH. LAUMEN, East side Plaza. WHOLESALE GROCER, M AKTIN HINZIE, Southeast Corner Plaza. GROCERIES. T BAYLOR & BRO., East Side Public Square. A J. SWASEY. South side Plaza. GROCERIES '& HARD WARE. G, W. DONALSON & Plaza. CO., North side FURNITURE. WARD, East side Plaza. J W. NANCE, near Southeast Corner of , Public Square. WA TCI1 MAKERS dt JE WELER8. w H. BOBBINS, North side Plaza. CARPENTER AND BUILDER. F. PATE, residence near the Coronal . Institute. STOVES 6 TINWARE. M ARTIN HINZIE, Southeast Cor. Plaza. SADDLES & HARNESS. C S. COCK, Southwest Corner Plaza. K. McMULLEN, East side Plaza at , Iglehart's Store. LIVERY A SALE STABLES. "pALES A SON, San Antonio Street MEAT MARKET. s L. TOWNSEND, Southwest Plaza. BAKERY A CONFECTIONERY. -JjmiTZ LAKGE South aide Plaza. HOSIERS toe rift, covaaaereial I Tatfca aeeda of th traveler aad oew set tler. Hosteller's Stomach Blttora ta pereliarly adapted, etoee tt eireaittheoa taedlaeettv organ, and brace ta phy sical eoenre to -health ral lrSaca It laasaree aod pro eeotaasalartal few. iporlM. v . beol'bfvlly late to kt I- ITeo'i ert.sM-d. aad tfealera ejasrtally. ArTi ortvo re. ooally rm oil eearta t t will bt rsa to .rveaa away too orvta' hat varta n. ot ottoev eos. ...a'ora. oi'as t, oar, at ooe roa, 1 Co, Aaeraot. . Simoa BollTtr. The name andfame of Simon Bolivar, at on time and Dot inappropriately styled "the Washington of South America," art not aa well known in this oountry as they should be. Like so tnuny great men in ad. ranee of their times, he was misunderstood and baselr maligned, so that his latter years were passed under a cloud; but his fame baa ino partially emerged, and is likely to shin brighter and brighter. Although be longing to an ariatooratio Spanish family, he Imbibed republican ideas, whioh were con firmed in him by a study of the politi' nil Institutions of tbe United 8tatee and the influenoe of the first revo lution in France, and when be returned to his native land, he set about giving it re publican institutions, and was largely suocessful in bis efforts. That be was I sincere, disinterested republican and patri ot, though the fact was for a time called in question, there is no longer any doubt A monument has recently been erected to him in New York, and this has suggested the republication of a tribute to Bolivar by the poet Whittier. For some reason it has not been Included in the later edition of his poems; perhaps because too warlike in its tone to suit the deliberate Judgment of the Quaker Poet, or otherwise not up to his standard. But from its subject it will eontinue to be read with Interest Ed. Fbxe Pbxsb. TO SIMON BOLIVAR. A dirge is wailing from the deep dark sea of Mexico : To where through Pampas solitude its kingly waters now : The dark Sierras hear the sound; and from each mountain rift, Where Andes and Cordilleras their awful summits lift; Where Cotopaxi's fiery eyes glare redly up on heaven; And Chimborazo's blasted peak the upper sky hath riven ; That solemn dirge is sounding from the mountain to the wave ; The wailing of a People o'e their cherished ana their brave. A noble one hath passed away, a hero at whose word The nation started as from sleep and gird ed on the sword ; The victor of a hundred fields where blood was ooured like rain. And Freedom's war cry rang above the bat tle-cry of Spam. Well may that wail be loudly poured above that warrior's bier 1 Well may each patriot tremble now in agony ana fear : For who shall stand as he has stood; with willing heart and band To wrestle well with Freedom's foes ; the saviour of his land? How died that hero? In the fields with banners o'er him thrown ? With trumpets in his failing ear, by charg- nic squadrons blown f With freedom's foenien flying fast and fear fully before him? With chouts of triumph in his ears and brave men bending o er him ? Alas! Alas! he died not thus! no war note round him ranc. No warriors underneath bis eyes in harness ed sauadrons sprang I Alone he pe .-iBhed; in the land he saved from slavery's ban; The victim of unhallowed wrong ! a broken hearted man, Ah 1 let the tears flow freely now ; it will not wake tbe sleeper I But higher as you pile his tomb his slumbers shall be deeper : The priest may light his taper well, the fun eral chant be spoken Tbe quiet of the dead is not by idle mock eries broken. But let Columbia's Banner droop about that fallen Chief And let each mountaineer's dark eyes be dimmed with earnest cnef. For none shall stand as he has stood; with willing heart and hand To wrestle well with Freedom's foes; the saviour of his land. Hott Many Is Four Dozen E&rs! "Is yer larnin ennything at skule, Thomas Jeffe'sont" "Yes, fader." How many am two times two dozen aigs V "Four dozen. All good 'nnBt" "Yes, fader." "No, dey isn't Yon nebber seed four dozen all good aigs in dis town. Yer pergress back'ard, sab.. Yer knowd more'n dat afore yer went to skule, sab. Two times two dozen aigs ain't more'n about free dozen and a half, sah. D'ye heah met" Kentucky State Journal. Above His Business. In Scotland there is a branch of the legal profession known as "Writers to the Signet" A young gentleman was apprenticed to one of these writers. The youth thought himself a very fine sort of person, much above ordinary apprentices. One evening the master desired blin to carry a bundle of papers to a lawver whose residence was not far fT. Thsj nar.ket was received m au ..m anrl o foar minrjtesi after, tbe master saw a porter ran into tbe ! outer office. Pretty soon the youth walked out followed by the porter 'hTtbe master followed, i : Golpin was already in the rear, , J- -. . . oiJrnrnn tb to encourage lm and overtaaung wre Irer, bim of the packet and walked in to rear of tbe apprentice. Tbe lawyer s reached and the doorbell feUow velTaT mrrcL- without looking behind bim. , -Hereitu lot rem: exciaunea voice which caoaei the youth to tarn around. H- conform, as be befceid ' - bis matter, made luxa peecu- Jferr after that araa b. tbov. Lis Lavjit- tWrlt'ea for The Pus Paaaa.l Reminiscences of a Texas VetcraaTnt KanUFe ExpeditiOB, etc. BT a atmSUED, eomraaraa. LXXVL Wild and picturesque was the scene presented by the train of roadside fires each with a bevy of mon huddling around the red-glaring and fitful lights, the lengthened and flitting shadows coming and going, which' was wild and spectral, and if any civ ilized person had seen us then, they would have guessed from our dirty and ragged appearance that we were a lot of captured savages or bandits These flitting fires extended perhaps for a mile or two, for onr men being weary and using an occasional oppor tunity to warm themselves were scat tered for a great length. The night beinardark made the scene more ghastly, combined with the freezing, howling North wind. The sufferings, the horrors of that dreadful march can not be effaced from the memory of those who endured them. It strongly reminds us of the "witch scene in Macbeth," or "Der Wolf Schulcht" in the opera "Der Freischutz." The dragoons informed us that they met Col. Cooke's command at the city of Chihuahua, showing they were many days in advance of us, be sides that we were told that the cap tain of their guard took the route alone? the Bio Grande, where there were numerous settlements, and pro visions could be had ; they evidently had a humane officer. Salezar took us the nearest route to El Paso regard less of our sufferings, and probable chance of perishing. Thus we marched on through the night, completely chilled, and being so sleepy we walked along like a set of drunken men, some sank down by the wayside and wished to be left be hind to peribh. A stupor of perfect indifference to life, came over many of us, the stronger had to do all they could to rouse and assist the weaker Daylight come at last, and with it the hope that the sun would warm our limbs. A halt of nn hour was called to get up the straggling prisoners to be counted ; I used this short time to get a sleep, perhaps those in ad vance did the same. As soon as it was ascertained that we had escaped we were were ordered forward again. Towards noon we passed the Dead Man's Lake, which at this season was perfectly dry. The coldness of the weather and having nothing to eat prevented that thirst which in a warmer season would have been in sufferable. During that day's journey I was fortunate enough to get some few drinks from our guards canteens, be ing so young they pitied me, and on my entreaty they allowed me to quench somewhat my thirst Before noon I showed one of the guard a sun-glass, the only thing I had which had escaped the search which we bad to undergo. I explained to the Mex ican how with its power he could got his spunk aglow to light his cigarette. All the Mexicans carry flint steel and spunk with them and a pouch of to bacco to make their cigarettes as they go along. This idea of lighting spunk with a glass was novel to him. I told him I would give it to him if be would let me ride, to which agreed and dis mounted from his horse. He then got in conversation with his com rades and I took advantage of it and got a long ways ahead of him, and by this means I obtained t least a six hour ride before he overtook me, but he was not angry. This rest helped me very much. Some time towards evening, a fee ble old man who took out with the expedition a small lot of goods, and tbe same maa, who while at Camp ! Resolution, while on guard was shot by an Indian through the fleshy part 0f sjje thigh, this man, Golpin, offered on,y .hirt to a guard to let bim -, horse still threw bim farther back, Salezar, not wanting to be , ... . . 1 ler our prom. ordered Km toJr" IWTUn cbarch feoaive mas. Horn Lorr.bU was this . Brother Leandro Oarza :wulloaet cf barbarity! Then b , , ... rVjw Mr h u nrimn ra on cuuwb. uu w m ... , ... w -J J v roadawd. I After datk a bait was ordered, for a rest for our cuaras ana weir horses needed rest to proceed forth' er. Long before daybreak we were ordered to resume our inarch again. That night was fearful cold, some of oar men could not sleep on account of it only the weaker portion of us, totally broken down, slept After we started again our guards offered us rides, they being so cold they wanted to warm themselves by walking, but few accepted the offer for the same reason We had not travelled Terr far, be fore we ' passed the two wagons in which the baggage and camp equip age of the Mexicans was carried, and and in one of these Salezar and tbe redoubtable Don Jesus, were snugly stowed away. continued. From Mexico. JnrxNifl, June 22L 1884 Ed. Fbki Press. I received yester day two numbers of the Fbxe Pbess, bv the same mail, one of them con taining the announcement that you had received a note from me stating that I had written you a long letter for publication, and that I received vour paper ii-riffularily. It is true that your paper comes irregularity, in fact several numbers never came to hand,but you are no more to blame for that than I am for the failure of my letters to reach their destination I have written three or four letters to you containing items that might have been of some interest but notwith standing all this, I think you asser tion is rather hasty. If men allowed themselves to be deterred from settl ing in new countries, on account oi . i l M such small things, as bad mail facili ties, you would not now be enjoying all the blessings, and advantages that you so much boast of in our beloved old San Marcos. As much as I esteem Hays Co., if this country could have some such people to settle it and go to work to develope it, as first settled there, it would not be long before there would not only be an improvement in postal affairs, but we would have many advantages that never cun be enjoyed there I know of no country that possesses so many natural assan cages as can be found in almost any part of the country, from Eucinal, (about 7 leagues above this,) on down to Altinura. Which is, about 5 leagues above Tampico, altogether a distance of 75 or 80 leagues. Traveling the route above alluded to you are all the time in sight of the main Tamaulipas mountains and in manv places pass over spurs run- ning toward tue coast, wuica is ... . i ? . from 15 to 20 leagues from the main road, between which minor ranges of hills, are extremely fertile valleys, in many places well watered, and a climate much more recrular and desirable than can be found in any part of Texas. There are many towns, villages, heciendas and raising having ranches, but stock always been the business of the people, the argricultural resources of the country ore almost entirely undeveloped, the little farming that has been carried on, done with stick plows. The thinking, intelligent property owners of this country realize, and acknowledge,- that they are far behind the age, and manifest much interest in progress, and development Many of them are already trying to begin farming on a different scale. L being an agent for the Avery manufacturing co., of Louisville.Ky., have sold some plows, to different parties, and many, others, declare an intention to buy, but only on condition, that 1 will teach their people, how to um them. There is no other way to introduce farming implements, and machinery into this country speedily and successfully, because the people axe aware that their mon;y would be poorly invested to bay something that they would not know how to put to suocest.f'ul Besides the desire manifested improvement there is :ri,:, tr, r-'i - . , religion. At &aa t ernanao, iius puce fjitnenis) and many other places in J w " , I rerretiiig that church, is popular, v - tWy esteemed, and accoopLahing ' . ..... macb ia th. way of etAlbtaing the ' 'rople oa the subject of the Bable . . . iLnin, Lhe' 'people and religion, besides having a sabbath school and a regular apppointment twice a week in the town by his appointments at ranches in the oountry. I know several of the mem bers of his church who seem te be very earnest devoted christians, one in particular, who is wealthy, baa promise from me, to accompany the minister to his hacienda. He wishes me to examine his place and advise him, the kind.and number.of farming implements he neods before be orders Us bill Thore is also a considerable or ganization of the Society of Friends in the State, having missionary representations at several placos, all under the supervision of Bev. Mr. SomL A. -Purdy, our corres pondent is evidently not conversant with Quakerism or he would know that Friends do not nse such titlos as "Xtev., nu tue aiiowaoiuty oi M . IV 1 !! .a "Mr." among them is a modern innova tion. En. Fkki Press. whose head quarters is at Matamoras, where he publishes a papor in the interest of his society. Mr. Purdy is a thoroughly posted, very intelli gent christian gentleman, well quali fied for the position he occupies. His paper is of course published in the Spanish language, but might nevertholsss be of interest to you. He has boon in this oountry about 13 i years, understands tne language well, is well posted in regard to the former history, and the present con dition of the country. An exchange of papers with you, would be a pleas ure to him, and no doubt of interest to you. I formed the acquaintance at his house some months ago of Miss Julia Barringor, from North Carolina, an accomplished, intelligent young lady, and since that time two other young ladies have come to his place. All of whom I learn, will romain for some time with Mr. Purdy studying the language parparatory to entering the Missionary work in this country. I feel very flrrateful to you for having the kindness to send the Free Press bo promptly. It has boen of crreat mterost and the means of enabling us so keep posted in local affairs of Hays county and will will ingly do what I can to reciprocate. Yours respectfully, Jno. T. Towmsend. JihtENis Tamaulipas Mexico. Louisiana and Texas. Bev. Henry M. Fiold, the disting uished traveler and able editor of the New York Evangalist has written a series of most interesting letters of his recent Southern and Western tour. The following extracts of his etter dated San Antonio, Tex., March 3, will be found interesting t "Why do you go through Texas 1 1- - ..l. S 1 A l n .l..n. Dr. Kendall, when giving some sug gestions from his own large etpen ence for our journey tnrougn tue Southern States to the Pacific coast. "California is familiar ground com pared with the new empire of Texas. might have found one reason for dispatch in the very size of the State itself, which is like the ocean for vastness. One does not "slow up" at sea, where there is no coast on the horizon, and only now and then a ship in sight and as the traveler in Texas is generally "at sea, tnere is nntmuch to detain him on his lournev, However, I hope we have not mode such haste as not to take in some impressions of a state which is truly an empire. But one is not in Texas as soon as be is across the Mississippi. He is still in the extreme eastern part of Louisiana, with a long journey before bim to reach its ' western border. Indeed, it takes some hours before he s across all the mouths and bayous the vast ganglion of river currents and inlets from the sea, which make tbe delta of the Mississippi. For a time we kept along tbe banks of the central stream, with the spires of New Orleans still in view, and as these faded from sight and we found ourselves . "By the lone river. Where the reads quiver And the woods make moan." There was a majesty in that mighty flood which drains the wbole interior i of a continent onlv surpassed by the ' majesty of the sea into which it poors. For hundreds of miles along tbe Gulf of Mexieo the country is a vast lowland, bke Holland, with a nataral ricbnoM of soil which might make it equally jrodactiv if cultivated with the same care. Bat alasl tbe war baa made terrible havoc with tbe industry of the South ; and although ; ; .i i . . v SjOtXte OI tne puaaaatuSDa to ajtu.niia, : wd ialy i the Tech. country "Ijttl .J L?? . n 1 1 rrr. nu-n mrm ikhiv. mt m i e- - UTXtA rLi reoeroa. ttarM. tbers ar. others which Lavs fUlB it to utter decay. Hus is a 1 .i . w. .wi, r.'aovaon reoenUy. On. had aixteea national loss t for the very name of Old Louisiana had a rich, aristocratic sound, as associated with grand seigneurs, like those of France, who lived on great estates, and exercised a prinoely hospitality. But of many of these baronial estates, there remains now only the tradition. Senator Gibson told me that be inherited plantation whioh before the war never paid less than $40,000 a rear, and sometimes $75,000, and on which now the only human being was one poor old negro woman I And yet for all this, he did not hei- . . i 11 At A At tate to say ina ne rejoioea tost me war had issued in the removal of slavery, even though it had wrought a present financial ruin j for out of all this ruin be saw the hope of some thing better to come. Though lor a time cultivation has ceased, the soil remains as rioh as evor, and in time will be occupied by new cultivators, who will make the country to bios- som as tue rose, in tue woras ox the song which Whittier puts in the aa -BP al . mouth of the negro boatmen t Do yam will grow, de eotton blow, We'll hah de rioe and eorn ; O nebber yon fear if nebber you hear Da driver blow his horn." It was midnight before we were oat of the State of Louisiana, which is bounded on the west by a river that descends to one of the posses to tbe gulf. As the traveler crosses tho Buine (or did cross it when other countries reaohed hd to its left bank, to enter the "Empire of Texas" a portion of America not unworthy ta be named beside the groat European States, since it is larger than either Germany or France. As wo recall these, memories of old Texas, some will ask, "But what of the new T" It is only within our day that the new life has been born. At the beginning no man dreamed whereunto it would grow. It is a vory instructive historical faot that after Texas had gained her independ ence, without our help, and came to the door of the American Union ask ing for admission, she was refused. She came again, and again was reques ted. It was not "till the third time of asking,"less than forty years ago, that she was received ; and even then sue was thought by many of our prudent statesmen not worthy the having that she would bring us only trouble and vexation. And indeed the first result of annexation was tbe Mexican war. And again, as if to disappoint us a second time, no sooner was the madness of secession abroad in the South than Texas, which ,had strug gled so hard to be admitted into the Union, took herself out of it, and fought it to the bitter end. This seemed to demonstrate the folly of the political ambition, whioh in add ing to our domain to increase our greatness, had brought upon us such accumulated woes. But God is wiser than men, and events whioh seem ominous only of evil are sometimes turned to the ?reatest good. Tbe second birth of exas did not come till after the sec- onu war, wueu wio jjiuuigui dvu ucuakj back icto tho Union, and came to stay ; and tbe territory that was at first annexed to emarge the area of slavery, served to enlarge the area of freedom. From that moment Texas entered upon a new career of prosperity. Northern capital bogan to flow in, building railroads in every direction, along which towns and villages have snruntr ud. and by which every part of the State has been opened to settle ment and cultivation. AW kUS MAU.O U.UJV wuw wuv w v v.mm A I At,A anmA li'ma tliA 1 .1 Q e9 VntAinm immigration that was coming to our shores, turned strongly to the South west nd tens of thousands from tne Old World chose Texas as their home. The new settlers were from tbe strongest races of tho old world. Germans, especially, have come in vast numbers. Who can sav that thev will not yet establish here a New Germany greater than the Old f Tbe territory is greater than that of tho Fatherland i in the course of tne next century it may have a larger population. But without making comparisons, we can set no bounds to its growth. Already we near tne tramp of millions coming to take possession. Unless this career of progress is checked Texas has a fu ture before her bound oss as her own imperial demain. May this American "empire" be forever consecrated to religion and liberty I Dralk at 115 Tears er Are. Pierre Cot tee, a celebrated half French negro, died in Ticcennea, Indiana, on Saturday aged 115 years. He was born in that country and was never farther than ten miles from Vincinnes. He claimed that he born in France and that he was in tbe French Revolution t but bis niece, 100 years old, says not Cottee bas been weak-minded since 1833. He never went to bed without rolling a log against the door of bis bedroom, and kept two large bowie knives ou a table near bv to protect himself. He carried the brick for General Ham i sai aiu wauaiuu, vuu. ..a a tv A fishing Prty frott Sbtlbvrine w j killed tbe Urgent ratUenaies of tbe reornty. C rattles and the other twelve.