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.7 ' It ' an r Free resSo I. H. JULTA.lSr, PEOPEIETOE. it Prov All Thing I Hold Fast that which la Cood." VOL. XIII. SAN MARCOS, HAYS COUNTY, TEXAS, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 9, 1884. NO. 44. s TV T viareos Free Press. rnuans avast tmubsdat ar ISAAO E. JULIAN, - To whom all LetUra should l AdJnul OFFICE-North Side of Plan. It AT J& OF SUBSCRIPTION. Oat joor, in advance, u:. ..,,., the " i .. V w ri - - - -- ThrM lUOntUI ' .. w. 1 uu 60 The above rate inolad. th. prepayment of postage by us. Samples oopies iteut (re., tiiugle oople. S cents. ADVERTISING RATES. Legal and Transient Advertisement will ba charged Una ioiiar per square lor ins first insertion, and Fifty Oenta per square for each additional insertion. A square ic the space of one Inch. Fractional squares will be counted as iuu stiuBna. - Advertisement, for three months or more will be charged at the following rate, t No. of tsvuarti. 3 mow 6 mo. lyr. One square., HI 60 800 10 00 15 00 85 00 40 00 8 00 12 oo Two square. Three square. One-fourth column One-half column... One colnm 1U00 15 00 25 00 40 00 65 00 80 00 25 00 40 00 60 00 100 00 Yearly advertisers allowed the privilege of quarterly change. Business Cards, one inch or lees, one year, f 8. Cords in Business Directory, one year, $2. Local and business notioee will be charged ten cents per line each insertion. Advertisements for Schools, Churches and Benevolent Societies, half rates. Marriage and Obitnary Notices, of over ten lines, oharged as advertisements.. Calls upon candidates, their replies arid their oiroulars, and all notioes of a personal character, (if at all admissible into our col umns), will be charged as advertisements. A cross mark upon the paper indicates that the time for which the subscription was paid has expired.' All advertisements and subscriptions due in advance. - Our terms for announcing candidates are : $10 for state and district offices, $ 5 for oounty offices, and $2 50 for preoinct and municipal. Terms, cash. Any of our friends would do us a special favor by giving ns the names of any per sons within their knowledge who would be likely to subscribe for the Faas Pbess, so that we may send specimen, copies to such persons. AtLOoaomoiTiom for the Faes Paasa ibooM be eent In on Monday to ensure Insertion the ism week, and all adTertlsemeats and business aotlcee not later than Wedneedej noon. Po.iTivLt no communication published unless tha writer'i real name accoaspanlee It, not forpsb llcatlon Mien deatredr aaflt nd protection. Stamm Tas. Persona who desire to subscribe -for Ibe Fnas Paces lor three months tan aend 60 eta In postage (lamps Inclosed Id a letter. We can ase them. GENEfiAL DIBECTORY. OFFICIAL. ooKoaasSHiii Sra DiraaiOT! Boo. James P. Miller, i.f Oouialee Coauty. asAioa-lftrsi viaraior: Han. Geo. PfeulTer, of Comal Co. aaraasixTATivna Star distmiot: Hon. Sterling Fisher, of Hajre Co. , Uon. J. H. Stagner, of Caldwell Co. district eotwr ISta DisraioT. ' Hon. L. W. Moore, Presidios: Judge. LaOraags. J. M. Bethany. Attorney, Auatln Co. tisius or noun:, oauav. Hats. Jd Mondaya In March and September. ooosri aerrfoaaa. -Kd B. Kono, Judge County Court, Jaa. O. Burleson, Dial, and County Clark. Owen Ford, County Attorney. B. B. Barber Sheriff. J. M. Turner. Deputy. C. S. Cock, Juetlce of the Feaea Pra. Mo; 1 DaTld Lynch. " " " " W. M. W.alt - " " " " J.C.Bowe. " " " " " W. W. Black, " " ' " J. H. Patterson, County Traaaurar. eV I. Fortson, Assessor. Joe. C. Bto, Surveyor. T.J. MeCarty. Com'r Preclaot Ho. 1. J.B.Bat!lB " " 1. B. Bnrleaou, ss.se "I. W. B. Wood, " J. M. Tumor, Constable precinct Mo. 1. Tims or nomina Coonv in Panciaor Coonve County Court for Criminal, Civil and Prabate bua inele th Mondaya In January. March, May, July, September and November. Commissioners' Court d Mondays la February, May, Ausnat and Horessbsr. Justice Court Precinct Ma. I lat Friday In each month, tan Marcoa. . Preoinct No. S Id Friday In aaab month Mt. City. . wimberley'e Mill. ttb. Dripping Springs. Town owceaa. Mayor-C. 8. Cock. Council W. D. Wood. O. W. Donalsoo, T. T. Dsller. D. A. Olover. Wm. Olesen. Marshal-r. M. Prlaoa. t . Cenifcll sseeu the first Tuesday In oaoh loath. MAIUI. AERIVAI. AKD DBPAMTUBM OF. TO AND FBON BAN MABOOS POST OFFICB. alalia frem Austin errle at I J. T. 4 eloaa at tS " ss t Antonle anle at t-M P. M., clooe at t:0S P. M ..... at Ullng, arrlree at W M eleoee at 11:. P. M. Aboa malls errlvaaod depart dally. .... Blanco, Tta Wlmborlay-departa TMeday aadFrlday at A. M. Arrivaa Thursday as Balurday at T P. M. General Delivery freea S A. M- te U .. and Iraaa lp M. to P. M. aaeept darUf dletribatle of alU and oa (uadaya aad halidaya. Open m Baadaya thirty mlnawa after dtetribaltea of aewh I the prtaetpal Bails. ALBBBT HI ATOM. P. CHIIRCIIM. MBTRODIST. Preaeklaf at tho Metkedlrt Church Sabbath, Be. Bweur Barrla, r. Saaday aVkMl at t atack, A.M. Cteea asaMiac ar yaaag Men'e Prayar MeaUag at o'clock P. M. Prayer Meellsc oai Wednesday. reiBTTBBlAMaarvteaa lad aad dak Saadara aseath. Be i. B- Preach, paste. e cheat et the Praahytertaa Chareh ovary aabbash aiM.s.m. Pravar Meettag avarf IhamdaF PkOTBtTABT BMKOPAUaarvtoaa lat aad d Saadayaeach Baata, at lev a'ataak, a. a, aad 1 a, (at Bt. Mark's Charch), a ta Bav. Mr. - P. at. au are ameiissiiisi, BAPTUT. Prsaektag at Iba VUpttat Chasvh a tao Bn aad third Buadaya ta aaak asealh. a. J. M. Beadsa. paetev. CATBOUC, aasiteaiAtt Baaaaptaaach ajaath. aev. Fathar MaraaaH. sMst. "isnty-mm "haaaata. B.W. mt tad aad dth FftaBsi)rts)t. pW$t FHHETIHB. aa Banas laaae Ba. Pr asuts led ewe ts ka aaah ssi ash. Ed. B. Kaaa, V, M4 A loan asaaa Cheat at Ba. Ua.Basea MTaaaaap re, - air aua It a. H. P-i re Latre (sf l.fs lt a-i r " ym la var aMark. 4. W. Ba -il.i. IW. Baparw. - F. Baas late Udaa. Ba. Ua r . P. Bara.B. .t B- ' aT Chaaaa fMaaaa. BaaB aa. C C Btaaae, ana-, t eaaaes eaaey I BUSINESS DIRECTORY. BANKERS. E D. J. Is. GREEN, Southeast Corner rlaza, at sVatone's old stand. D. A. OLOVEB, North aide Plaxa. LA WTER3. W OOD t FOBD, Wood s New Building Upstairs. o T. BBOWN, Officio MitcheU Build lug, dpstsira. TISHEB k BOSE, Office In Wood's New JL' Building npstaira. NOTARY PUBLIC d O'L AO'T. - B. JULIAN, Judge Wood's New Build. tog, Upstair. - PHYSICIANS d SURGEONS. D B. E. de 8TIEQEB, offioe at Baynolds at iMtnlel'a Drugstore. D BS. WOODS A BURLESON, Office at Baynolds dt Daniel s drugstore. D B. WM. MYERS, Offioe at Fromme's Drugstore, Southeast Comer rlaza. DENTISTS. D & J. H. COMBS, Judge Wood's New Bonding, npstaira. D B. N. B. MoLEAN, Office in Judge Wood's Building, with llr. Combs. DRUGGISTS. R. FBOMME, South side Plaza. RAYNOLDS k DANIEL, North aide Plasa. DRY GOODS. GREEN ft PRICE, at Malone's old stand, Southeast Corner Plaza. DRY GOODS dk GROCERIES. JOHNSON t JOHNSON, MitcheU Build ing, North side plaza. L. J. DAILEY, West Side of Main Plaza. D AILEY ft BRO., Southwest Corner Plaza. E I. IOLEHART, East side of Plaza. , Opposite Court House. BOOTS rf SHOES. B. HANKLA, Manufacturer and Deal , er, North side Plaza. G ERH. LAUMEN, East side Plaza. WHOLESALE GROCER, M ABTIN HINZIE, Southeast Corner Plaza. GROCERIES. rpAYLOB ft BRO., East Side Public Square. A. J. 8WASEY. South side Plaza. GROCERIES & HARD WARE. G W. DONALSON ft CO., North aide , Plaza. FURNITURE. J. WARD, East side Plaza. T W. NANCE, near Southeast Corner of O . Publio Square. WA TCHMAKERS A JB WELER8. W. H. BOBBINS, North side Plaza. CARPENTER AND BUILDER. ' F. PATE, residence near the Coronal . Institute. STOVES t TINWARE. THEODORE HERRING, East side pub lic square, next door to post-office. M ABTIN HINZIE, Southeast Cor. Plaza. SADDLES A HARNESS. Q W. JONES ft CO., East Side Plasa at . Iglehart's Store. o. 8. COCK, Southwest Corner Plasa. LIVERY A SALE STABLES. B ALES ft SON, San Antonio Street.. MEAT MARKET. S. L. TOWNSEND, Southwest Plaza. BAKERY A CONFECTIONERY. F BITZ LANQE Sooth side Plasa. Ba aaah pratestl va acaiaat chill e aad am aad athar dte aaawaf a esalartal typaastataaa Haa- is lliant Bit tare. H raltevaa t taam. Bsdasf aad ! - allataasa vtak aarteiaty aad areeapstieae. A cAaaaa as rastfr4ac aa at t a afl asaaa ataa-afiaaaaaaad a.al.-" SaMils f aaa, hv aB Bravaaataa OLD XEWSPAPSIIS tfTB VTBAJrTPO Yat aak cheap at th eSc. Pram the Ceerlee Jaaraal.) L0YI'S XE12II56. I thooght it meant all glad eoetatlo things, Fond glance, and touch, and apsaoh, . quick blood aad brain, And strong desire and sweet deliuiona pain, And beauty's thrall, and atrange be wild, .rings, Twlxt hope and fear Uk. to the little sting. The roae-thorn gives) aad then the utter gain. With all my sorest striving to attain. Of the dear bliss feng-eooght poaaeadon ..give. Now. with a sad. keen slant that My often sinking soul, with longing eye Averted from the path that still allure, (Lest seeing that for which my sore heart sighs, I seek my own good at th eoet of yours), I know at last that love means aaoxinoe. Cabxotta Pbbbz. Wauwatoba, Wis., Sept. IS. WHEN MY SHIP COXES 15. Summer and winter are one to me, And the day is bright, be it storm or shine, For far away, o'er a sunny sea. Sails a treasure vessel, and all is mine. I see the ripple that fall away, A she cleave the azure wavee before; And nearer, nearer, day by day, Draws the happy hour when ehe come to shore. ' 'But what if she never comes?" yon say, "If yon never the honor, the treasure, trainr It has made me happier, day by day, It ba eased full many an aoning paint It ha kept the spirit from envy free, Ha dulled tn ear to we woria ruae din. Oht best of blessing it's been to me, To look for the nour when my snip comes in. Edwabd S. Band. TEMPERANCE COLUMN. OOMOUOTXD BX MBS. A. O. atOSHBB. The Sumptuary Subterfuge. Galveston Christian Advocate. An epidemic broke oat in a seaport, rifflrmntirjc its commerce and dood- -- a, n a. iiner its Eraverards. An invest isration ldiacovered the fact that the disease won introduced from a neiarhborinfir port, and also that the city was foul with filth, which generated a deadly miasma and fed the fatal pestilence. Quarantine laws were at once enacted, and health officers appointed to in spect the streets and the premises of every citizen, anil require the removal of all the garbage tnat could generate disease. The markets were placed nnrlflr inspection, and butchers! or hucksters who offered diseased meat or decayed vegetablos for sale had t.hftir licenses Dromntlv rovoked. Similar regulations were adopted throughout the land, until quarantine and sanitary laws were in force in Averv well regulated citv and town. These laws trenched at every point, on the private ngnts 01 citizens, xi would seem, where health and life are involved, the laws of self-protection would impel every citizen to employ proper safeguards to shield hiB home from sickness, yet the law assumed a degree of supervision over the food the citizens should eat and even the atmosphere they should breathe. It erected barriers in the track of trade and travel, and at cer tain times closed every public thoroughfare against the ocean stea mer and the iron horse. Against these invasions of private right no protest from the politician was heard on the ground that such legislation van anmntuarv in its character, for everyone recognized the necessity of regulations wlucn would preserve me health and lives of the people. There is an epidemic in this country more destructive to health and more fatal to life tnan any piague that ever spread its pall over the doomed inhabitants of any land. It requires no sanitary commission to trace it to its source. The still house and the saloon are the fountains which send the streams of disease, and death upon the nation. It is estimated that 60,000 men and women die every year from al coholism in the United States. Hard on the heels of this vast army of dead men a host of 600,000 moderate drinkers and confirmed drunkards are moving on to the same doom with footsteps as unlaltenng as me ap proach of death. There may be no prsna on the door of each man who descends into the inebriate's grave, for many a drunKard lazaiil is too poor for any outward semblancti of n! Kill thera are ahadows of des- pairas dark as the valley of death in the hearts of tue wives ana we wia-i owa, the children and the orphans of tha rat armv of dnuikarda who throne the thoroughfare of life or aleep in the unmarked grave 01 uie sot Lt the Dohtical economist calcu late the loss the prod active force of, the nation BoaUins in Uie oeaw 01 , 1 3WnoaineB, taken from every rank I of life, aad in the drpt-eciAUoo of toe , bdHDw and working force of the nation, caused by the drinking bab it of COO, 000 moderate aad erofinn ed drinkers, and the sain will swell to hundred of million of dollar every year. Tb records of crime show thai three foorU of the eaaes of men ' alantrttrr and Border which dlarkesi , the dorket of ocr oanxrU are d-rectly or iJ;rect.'T ccmB-UJ an Us Us Bale iaJ net ot ntraceting btrwa., Whiakey Ld iV he besrma v fe laAltar bead Im or ekaveg para- graph in the reports of the deadly affrays which appear in every issue of the daily - press. In counties where these fountains' of vice are closed by local option, the grand ju ries have seldem oeiore them a ease of manslaughter or murderj while in others, where the saloons are licensed, true bills by the score are found for desperate affrays or actual murder, and the trials which follow often burden the courts for weeks. The bill of costs for the police and courts mnat be paid by the people. The drink curse has brought more bankruptcy on our people than all the commercial crashes known in oar financial history: ' The support of the saloons is a heavier tax on the consumer than the protective tariff, which is now one of the leading is sues between the great political par ties that divide the nation, They drain the laborers' wajgea more re lentlessly than all the monopolies in the North or South. They breed more lawlessness than, all the com munism that pours in with the tide of immigration from foreigh lands. They are the source and inspiration of every vice that festers in Ameri can life. They cause more crime than avarice or prodigality, passion or revenge. They create more pau perism than misfortune, sickness or old age. They have slain more men in modern days than have died in battle, have dug more graves than the pestilence, and desolated more homes than any other cause that wars on human happiness. No man defends the drinking hab it of the nation. All sensible men pronounce it the great American curse. Yet when the people, weary of the woes the liquor trafilo entails on the individual and the nation, appeal to our statesmen for relief, they are informed that all such legislation is sumptuary in its character and that the only deliverance the land can have from this curse must be brought in moral suasion. For nearly two. generations the people have appealed to moral sua sion, and in the face of all the moral forces employed, the liquor power has grown to such colossal propor tions that our great financial parties dare not voice the moral sense of the people, but are found obsequiously biddincr for the suonort of the beer and whiskey marnates of the nation The demands of liquor associations are potential in every convention, and their trail is visible on every plat form. Drunkards were never made so rapidly nor died so fast as at the present day. There is not a village in the land where the threshold of a saloon or the pavement of a street has not been red with blood shed in a drunken brawl. The evil is grow ing every day, and moral suasion is powerless to arrest its course. Liquor will be sold as long as law licenses the saloons, though every wine cup were dripping with the blood of bro ken hearts; and men will slake their fatal thirst though a picture of the drunkard's doom, painted in the col ors of helL should flame from the wall of every bar-room in the land. lne plea or sumptuary legislation is the subterfuge by which the de mands of a wronged and outraged people have been persistently evaded, that political leaders may ride on the ballot into place and power. If it is legitimate to enact sanitary laws in a crowded population, to establish a quarantine against yellow fever, to prohibit the importation of opium from China, or of rags from any of the infected ports of Europe, most certainly the State can legislate for the restriction or prohibition of the liquor traffic, which multiplies evils equal to any other that may afflict our race. If the State can enact laws which will command the arrest of a man who has shed human blood in a drunken aJray, and can try him for crime, and imprison him if guilty, or break bis neck, it has also the right to refuse its license to the cause that impelled him to his murderous deed. To license the saloons, knowing that whiskey fills man with the murderous frenzy, and then to hang him for the drunfien deed, is the most stupend ous folly that marks .our modern civilization. It is worse than folly it is a crime. There can be no question before the American people more important than the solution of the liquor prob lem. Parties and politicians may evade it for a time, but the people, weary of the rule of the rule of the liquor interest in political conven tions and leirialauve halls, will de mand, in tones that may not be) dis regarded, that statesmen shall con front this gigantic rune and provide relief agminet the evils it has so long entailed upon the land. A private dispatch to a twramisiant ' land firm of Austin, from Washing ton, say that the secretary of the in terior has revoked his Late order to bar all settlers moored from from Greer county try the lat of October, A U gerBor t not bere, o&aal ififosnitBtsoi easBot sow be obtained eotKxraing the BBaiter, bat it m sap- posed that each ixforanattoa is aWw lr awa.UBg Us roverraor's return TLae rrrocatoa e the ressH of the rovenvwB remeat eorreaapondene nth the secretary f iU iatenor. Clrealar Letter. Ooataixs, Tex, Sept 20, 1881 To th Honorary Commissioners and Gt liens of Uis&ghUi Congression al District i Th opening of the great World's Fair and Centenial Cotton Exposition" occurs on December 1, 1884, and con tinues open until alev 81, 1885. As you will observe, the time is now short until then. You each and every one are invited to send exhibit of all th product of your section the field, garden, forest, and quarry the work of th artian, mechanic, as also the handiwork of our fair ladies. Everything useful or novel i the relics of antiquity, or thing more modern, of endless enumeration, will be made welcome, and a place made tot their merit or novelty on exhibition. It is expected that no portion of this great state of Tens, but will send some evidence of it products and prosperity, and thus show the immense visiting people of all portions of the civilized world the unlimited resour ces of this vast empire, and what it can do now almost in its infancy, and thereby foresee what the future has in store for it, only requiring energy and enterprise to develop. In fact, every neighborhood, school house, and community should be represen ted t its churches also. These if nothing further will exhibit the won drful rise and progress, out of the wilderness and home of the Comanche of so few years since. Everything like school statistics, maps of sections or counties, photographic scenes, of internal improvements, manufactur ing establishments, farm scenes, courthouses, homes, etc, everything at all suitable to present is wanted. Every article is taken to and returned free to the party sending, except perishable articloB. There will be ample car transporta tion at your several depots, on or about November 1, to which you are invited to bring your products, as they must reach New Orleans and be in place by the 15th of November. Yours Respectfully, B. T. Knox. Commissioner eighth congressional district, Texas. How Celluloid Is Hade. A roll of paper is slowly unrolled and at the same time saturated with a mixture of five parts of sulphuno acid and two of nitric, which falls up on the paper in a nice spray, This changes the celluloise of the paper into a fine pyroxyhne (gun cotton), The excess of acid having been ex pelled bv pressure, the papor is wash ed with plenty of water, until all traces of acid have been removed: it is then reduced to pulp and passed to the bleaching trough. Most of the water having been got rid of by the means of a strainer, the palp is mixed with from 20 to 40 per cent of its weicrht of camphor, and the mixture thoroughly triturated under millstones. The necessary coloring matter having been added in the form of powder, a second mixture and gnnding follows. The nneiy divided pulp is then spread out in thin layers on slabs, and from twen tv to twentv -five of the layers are placed in an hydraulic press, seperat- ed from one another by sheets of thick blotting paper, and are sub jected te a pressure of 145 atmos pheres, until all traces of moisture have been got rid of. The plates thus obtained are broken up ana soaked for twenty-four hours in al cohol. The matter is then passed between rollers heated to between 140 and 150 degrees Fahrenheit, whence it issues in the form of elas tic sheets. Blaine's Keatock v Marriage. Atlakta, Ga., Sept 21 The Con stitution of to-day says editorially : "Mr. Blaine's statement regarding his two marriages will be read with interest There is one weak point, however. He claims that his Ken tucky marriage was a secret one, and it was not until six months later that he awoke to the fact that the laws of Kentucky required a license. Hence his second marriage as an act of pru dence. While Mr. Blaine might be excused for ignorance of the law, what became of the Kentucky preacher who married him and who did know the law! In the light of the confess ion, for such it is, the libel suit against Mr. Shoemaker will have to fall to the ground. Mr. Blaine's own conduct has brought all this trouble to his door. There are those who will believe bis story. There ar those who will not believe it, and there are those who will not be eon- Lrinced until Mr. Blaine gives the I name of the alleged Keotociy prmcb- Her who so conveniently performed 'a m.-n.fr. n.r.nwi a in erwilalion ofj i the laws of his State." The wafer table of the new eapitd, which are being made of fin Burnet rranite, will be placed in tbebailding ia shoot tvo bmbus um. ad m-, tenor walla, boilt of the Oetraeai3e itoMalready loom p above lb liaei oTlhe water table. There ar 5 soea at work oo Use baiUiBg end at , th quarries. The betMing hs to be: fiasabaxi, aoeortLrtr t the cob tract.1 by January lfAastia Capital Th Llvtar Spaabk. Baa tea Barald. The Spanish is th only foreign lan guage of any great practical import ance to th people of th United Sbttaa. Of the continental conn trie south of us, all of th republic, 15 in number, witn a toiai population oi about au,uuu,uuu, are opanisu. xno rwmainino' countxv. Brazil, with a population of about 10,000,000 souls, ia Portuguese. Between tue vanou American republic commercial. rnlifJnal' anrl social interoourB will hereafter be nearly a intimate as . a a at between th states ox our own union. Each race must, from business neces sity be able to speak the language of the other. Hundreds of young mon in St Louis New Orleans and other inula centre, ar already atudying Snaniah for business purposes. The most important foreign markets for our surplus manufacture will ner afta ha in RnAniah America i hence the agents of our commercial houses must know the language of th coun tries where they would sell. Tn anmn of our western cities it ha been thought advisable to teach the . a am 1 1 Crerman language in ine puoiio scnoois, because of the Targe number of Ger man, in the surroundinc' communities. But this is nneessary, for the reason that all uermans wno come nere to become American citizens are ex- Koted to, and do learn our language, enchmen, Italians, th Swiss, the Dutch, and others who come here to live, conform to our customs and language. But in the case of Spanish America it is different We must go there for business purposes, hence must be able to communicate in their language. Hereafter American colleges wm ao well to exohange the dead Latin and Greek for the livinsr Spanish. Life is too short to devote six year in the grammer scnooi ana college w aeaa subjects or dead languages. The vnunc man who unfortunately wastes years of valuable time in such grave- like occupation goes xortn zrom uib college course handicapped in the raca of life. Business men have no place for him no use for his imprao- . a a a VT A AJ A tioable Knowledge, ns must nint throw off the load of rubbish whioh he is carrying, and, at an advanced age,' commence anew to compete with those much vonmrer in the nmnfinal affairs of life. American schools and colleges should at once substitute the living and useful Span ish for the dead useless Latin and Greek. Properties or the Mesqult Tree. But few persons who see the scattering growth of mesquite upon our praties know the varied use to which its timber, bark and bean can be applied. The wood is regarded aa the best for fuel, as it burns slowly and emits the most intense heat The Mexicans ar specially partial to the mesquite aa a fire wood. The bark is regarded as yielding more tannin than the red oak; and the wood of the larger trees bearing a close resemblance to mahogony in color and general appearance, is largely used in cabinet making. The bean of the tree is the delight of cattle, and growing a it does, in prolific supply in dry seasons, affords excellent food for all kinds of stock. The tree is first-rate as a post timber, and besides possessing those other qualities, it emits a gum as good, if not superior to the gum arable, which even now is prepared and used as a mucilage by many of our business men for office purposes. Why may not such benefits be developed and become, some future day, an article of commerce. Added to all these valuable uses of the mesquite tree, it is in many instances a graceful and ornamental shade tree for the yard. This should be considered as one of the future if not speedy resources of our country. Th Colorado Clipper, Democratic, and a supporter of Governor Ireland, says: The tirade of abuse now being heaped upon Wash Jones by some of the Democratic press of the State is ftkulated to benefit rather than in fore that gentleman. Colonel Jones has a record as a citizen soldier and ta teaman that is unimpeachable, and the party would do well to attack the principle he advocates, and let his record alone. The nnjust abuse of a Klitician always redound to his nefit While we ar not support ing Colonel Jones, we dislike to hear of papers claiming to be Democratic peVing mm of themselves by making slanderous statements in regard to bis character which th publio know to be false. We do not claim for Gover nor Ireland anything above Colonel Jones ss in point of ability or intetrrity. both graUemen stand unimpeachable, and to make an un just attack oa a man just because yon think yoa bav tarn down mwardly and impolitic. Give tL1 eolonel a chance, this is s free country ' . . . ... . , ana n) nas a ngnt so aavocava mm pnDcjplea. Tbrta ban ired Cubans amv at Key Wet saoBthly A lot of bora stock left Saa Aatoio for AJaeka late'y. Th Tra Wife. Oftentimes I have seen a tall ship glide by against th tide a if drawn by some invisible bowline, with hundred strong arm pulling it Her sail war unfilled, her streamers wer drooping, she had neither side-wheel nor stern-wheel still she moved on stately, in serene triumph, as with her own life. But X knew, that on th other aid of the ship, hidden beneath the great balk that swam so majesti cally, there was a littls toilsome steam-tug, with a heart of fir and arms of iron, that was tugging it bravely on and I knew if the little) steam-tug untwined her arm, and left the ship, it would wallow and roll about and drift hither and thither, and go off with th refluent tide, no man knows whither. And so I hav known more than one genius,' high docked, full-freighted, idle sailed, gay pennoned, but that for th bare, toiling arm, and brave warm-bee tin -j heart of the faithful little wife, tUt nestle close to him, so that no wind or wave could part them, would have gone down with the stream, and hav been heard of no mora. O. W. Holmes. Hew to Spoil. 'J To spoil steak fry it ' ; To spoil tea or coffee boil it ' J To spoil custard bak it too long. To spoil house-plants water them too muoh. To spoil butter do not work ont all the milk. . , . . - , . To Bpoil a carpet sweep it with ft stiff half-worn broom. To spoil pan cakes bake them on a luke-warm griddle. ' . To spoil a breakfast grumoi au the while yon are eating. To spoil potatoes let them lie and soak in water after boiling. To spoil bread use poor flour and sour yeast and let it rise until too light and it runs over. . Ta snoil scissors cut evervthlnflT everything from a sheet of paper to ft par ox oast iron. - - To spoil garments in making cat them out carelessly and run all the seams. To spoil a school change teachers every time some on in the district finds fault : , if To spoil children humor thm to everything they happen to think they want . v A Taper Floor. The first paper floor ever laid has just been completed in the new rink on North Fennsylvania street . This flooring is made by pasting and press ing straw boards together under ft powerful hydraulic press, in th sam way as the discs of the paper car wheels are made. When these blocks are perfectly seasoned and dried they are sawed up into flooring boards and laid with the edge of the paper forming the surface of the floor. . This surface is sand-papered until it is as smooth as one vast sheet of ice, and tho adhesive quality of the paper- prevents any slipping of the roller upon the floor. ' The floor being with out joints, perfectly smooth and com paratively noiseless, with no slipping of the rollers upon it, new pleasure and fresh attraction is given to roller skating which has never before been obtained. Indianapolit Journal. ,. Testable vs. Perk. ' ' -We believe that the farmer should Eroduoe and consume more vegeta ns and less pork. We do not be lieve pork unwholesome in to to. It has its uses which we commend t but its abuse we condemn. Farmer, of all men, should hav th greatest variety of the most wholesome food t yet half their diet is pork and breads .. U it were not that they brfWs pure air and take much exercise they could not live on such food. God gave an flesh and sTrain for strenjrth. vegetables'for health, fruit for plea sure. While these are distinctively their offices, all ar essential to health. We hope to have quite anuterest awakened in gardening. In this th women can tak part J. IL S. Farmer's CalL What We Owe. Twenty-eight cent was th per capita proportion of th national debt in 1858. In 1865 th eost of war had swollen th per capita to more than sevrnty-eight dollars and th an Dual interest per capita was four dollars aad twenty -nine cents. Then th payment of th debt began, and oa the 1st of July last th per capita principal was scout iwenry-etgnt dollars. showinaT an averai? reduction of nearly three dollars per capita for each of th last eighteen year. The interest charge per capita is bow ninety fiv cents. Hon. 8. B. llaxey has his coat oS aad is hard at work to inrreaae th decnorratie aaajonty 1b Texas this falL He is on of th working mem ber of .the party. It is just a LtLm prenotis, this diarasaioa of a soe fiajaeor to him. The aearialatur to be elected this fa! is not the one to rbooae a Uaited States tttnr. Mea&tiitf aenatorie TrJi ta ev.rtt better act upoa the K '.-rf lUt Mr. Vlt-ier will be h.s oi ao.nri-r. Baasnc Tise. aa a aaary sail i