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San Marcos Free Press, PEOPEIETOB. "Prove All Things I Hold Fast that which Is Cood." I; EC. JULIAN, SAN MARCOS, HAYS COUNTY, TEXAS, THURSDAY, JANUARY 28, 1886. NO. 7. VOL. XV. Free Press. PUBLISHED BVKBT TnTJBBDAY BI ISAAC H. JULIAN, To whom all Letters should be Addressed, OFFICE North Side of Plaza. RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION. ,Ouo year, in advance $ 2 Six mouths " 1 1 Threo mouths Tho above rates iuclude the prepayment or postago oy us. ouiupien uupiua aoui no , Siuglo oopius li eouts. ADVERTISING HATES. Logal and Transiout Advertisements will be chargod Uno JJOIlar per squire lor wo first insortion, aud Fifty Cents por square for eikoh additional insertion. A square is . the space of ouo iuoh. Fraotiounl squares ' will be oouuted as full squares. Advertisement for three months or more will be charged at the following rates : No. of Stiiara). 3 IUOH G mos lyr. One square Two squares Threo squares One-fourth column . One-half column... , One coluni $4 50 8 00 10 00 15 00 25 00 40 00 $8 00 12 00 15 00 25 00 40 00 0f 00 $13 00 20 00 25 00 40 00 60 00 100 00 Yearly advertisers allowed the privilege of quarterly cltange. Utisiness Cards, one inch or loss, ono year, $8. Cards in Business Uireciory, one year Looal and business uotioes will be charged L .. i.. linA AArh InunrHon. Advertisements for Schools, ChurcheB and Benovolont Socioties, nair rates. Marriage and Obituary Notices, of over ten linos, charged as ad vertisomonts. Calls upon candidates, their replies and their oirculnrs, aud all notices of a personal , character, (u at an aamiHuimo mw uui vu " .......A will v nhnrirnd cut advertisements. itiuuoy, ' " r . k mia nidi lr lmnii the unuer indicates that tho time for which the subscription was : paid nas expiroa. All advertisements and aubscriptions due Any of our friends would do us a special .favnr hv mvintf UH me utuuea oi uuv sons within their knowledge who would be J. ..Uq..h:Ka fnn fl.a Vnv.v. PnWflfl. BO " that we may send specimen copies to such , persons. GENERAL DIRECTORY. OFFICIAL. coxaBM 8th mbtbiot: Hon. Jame F. Miller, of Gonulei Counly. sekatos 25th distbiot: Hon. Geo. Pfenffer, of Carnal Oo. BPBeBTATIVIB 918T DISTRICT! Hon. J. H. Comba, of Hay Co. . Hon. J..M. Jolly, of Caldwell Co. mvnrflf nniTRT 2SmD niBTBIQT. Hon. H. Telctamueller, Presiding Judge, LaGrange. J, M. Bethany. Attorney, Austin Co. , mil Or HOLDINO OOOBT. Hin. 1st Uondays In March and September. May .-coniiuue iDrflBjwueii. OODNTY OVFI0SRB. Kd R. Kono, Judge County Court. Jus, O. Burleson, Diet, and County Clerk. Owen Ford, County Attorney. H. E. Barber Sheriff. J. B. Dovls, Deputy. C. B. Cook, Justloe of tho Pejoe Pre. No. c.L.iciKo. ; , ;, ;. : r s : W. W. Slack J. H. Patterson, County Treasurer. K' 8. Fortson, Assessor. Joe. C. Eve, Surveyor. T.J. MoCarty, Cora'r Preolnot Ho. 1 en... Lightfoot. " ;; J J. R. Burleson. " " f Peter Bohmltt. " " " B. n . fviBiiiBi vu".'-' " - - TlMKS Of HOLOIHO CODHTT AD PBOIllO OOOOTS County Court for Criminal, Civil and Probate bus- Jness 4in Monuaysin January, uiu,'uii Buitunhar anil Nnvimhar. HSf.Dll.UU. Commissioners' Court 2d Mondays In February, May, Auaust and November. Justice Court, Preolnot No. 1 Last Monday In Aacn monm. at aao Binjui. Preolnot No. a ad Friday In each montn Mi. liny " " 3 3d " Wlmberley's Mill. i 4th Sat. Dripping Springs, town orrioaas. jnayor n m. ui.. , . Council W. D. Wood, O. W. Donalson, John Williamson, D. A. Glover, Kd. J. L. Green. Marshal T. M. Prince. street Commissioner Samuel Watklns. Oounoll meets the first Tuesday In eaoh month. Merchant's Kxohange, meets tba first Friday night in each month over Giesen'a store. Pobllo School Trustees meet first Monday In each month at the Mayor's office. IHAILs. ABttlVAL AND DEPARTURE OF, TO AND FROM SAN MARCOS POST OFFIOK. Maila from Austin arrive at 8:46 a. m. and 8:30 p. m.; olose at 8:15 a. m. and 8:00 p. m. Malls from San Antonio arrive at S:S a. m. and 6:45 p. m.i close at 8:15 a.m. and 6:16 p. m. Luting, arrives at 12 M., closes at 12:46. P. M. Above mails arrive and depart dally. Blanco, via Wlmberley deparUTueadayand Friday at 6 A.M. Arrives Monday and Thursday at 1 O If orrici souas. General Delivery from 8 A. M., to 12 M., and from 1 P. M. to 6 P. M. except during distribution of mails and on Sundays and holidays. Open on Sundays thirty minutes after distribution of each o the principal -ALBERT H4T0N.P. M. (Jlll'KlillH. METHODIST. Preaching at the Methodist Obareh every Sabbath, atev. Bockner Harris, Pastor. Sunday School at o'clock, A.M. Class meetlug or young Men'a Prayer Meeting at I o'clock P. M. Prayer Meeting on Wednesday. CHRISTIAN. Be regular Pastor. Sunday School at a. m. Prayer meeting Terv Wednes dsyniitbt. Ladles's Aid Society, S p. a. every s'riday. A cordial Invitation extended to all. FRE3BTT IRIAN. Servtoee 2nd and 4th Sundays each month. Rev. 1. B. French, pastor. 8 an day School at the Presbyterian, Church erery Sabbath at SO a.m. Praver Meeting every Thursday at f :J0 p, as. All an invited te attend. LOTHIBAN. Bev. O. Krensenstelo, Texas Syn dleal MuMlonary, rlll preach the Sret Sunday in each month at the Preabyteriaa cbarcb. Preaching at II A. M. All GermaM cordially Invited. PROTISTA NT PISCOFAL.-Be. N. B. Fuller rum. SOTicee the 2o4 end 4i Sudaya is) each toots. Baayaay eched every Saaday. BAPTIST. Pmchlng at the Baptist Chnreh oTerySandav. Saaday aVhwe4 at a. h. Bev. t. W. Araald. PaatM. CATBOUC. milm 4th laaday la askch Beena. Bev. rathav esnlth, P NOCiirriEN. Ku (ircei Mrt H m-rU let ItT!T lihtla aKiaMeit. Ja. . Pntebeai.tr, W. B. Bam. In 1 y. a Mame Ckaaner We. 1s. lei TeeeJat HcktnMctmeii. P.i C. taulk, M. E. U. P j .0. C. Wnan.toerrtary. irareLarfre K. af -. V. Uiell Pn f B't-kM e eet. W. O. IrcctOT. We it ; I. i. fi, aVaeiiav. I. O. O P. awale Utn, Te, iMary ev ar jM. The. Sara a. X. S. i k. Preanta, tecratary. 0-er CVeM frieWa, OaTev, C. C-: A'V-rt . Mm ewp ar mtrtif artv. IWIwCuKhLwaiHI Tlra-vAev akak. C,K.aa-piaaei;aVW.ani Cine J Ta L mr mrmt al eark bmbkb. AU. B-Kaaw, ai Avavrer pfraai. Vaveanav DO YOU WANT A Good Home Paper ? IF 80 Subscnbs for Old UleliaUs ' SAN MARCOS FREE PRESS. It has been conducted by its pres ent proprietor for over Twelve Yanra fin H nxlnbi'tfl a dean, straight forward record of which any paper might well bo proud. ALWAYS DEVOTED TO Pure Jirsfluiaa Democracy, UNIVERSAL EDUCATION, TEMPERANCE, LAW A.ND ORDER, PRACTICAL . CHRISTIANITY IN ALL DIRECTIONS, the Material Interests of its Town and Section, the News of the Day, Local and General, and last but not least, to the Choicest Original aud Selected Literature. Always, too outspoken in its advocacy of the Right and rebuke ot the wrong, its motto is "If a free thought seek expression, Speak it boldly speak it all I" The tool or toady of no man or set of men, it will, as heretofore, con tinue to stand by the rights and in terests of the People, confidently dying upon them tor support ana vindication acainst the opposition and enmity incurred by. its inde pendent course. Terms as heretofore, $2 00 per year, 2 copies $3 50. Sample copies free on application. Local and traveling Canvassing Agents wanted. Address: ISAAC II. JULIAN, San Marcos, Texas. BUSINESS DIRECTORY- BANKERS. ATIONAL BANK OF SAN.MAKCOS, norta Hutu .rutzit. TJUKST NATIONAL BANK of San Mar- JL1 cob. Southeast Corner i'laza. LA WTEIiS. O. T. BROWN, Office over Green's Bank. NOTARY PUBLIC & G'L AG'T. H. JULIAN, Judge Wood's New Build . ing, TJpHtairs. PHYSICIANS & SURGEONS, D B. WM. MYERS, Office nt Froinme's Drugstore, Southeast Corner i-iaza. DENTISTS. D R. J. H. COMBS, Judge Wood's New Buildiug, upstairs. DRUGGISTS. R. FROMME, South side Plaza. J3AYNOLD8 & DANIEL, North side LV Plaza. DRY GOODS. GREEN & PRICE, atMalone's old stand, Southeast Corner Plaza. . DRY GOODS & GROCERIES. J OHNSON 4 JOHNSON, Mitchell Build ing. North side plaza. D ALLEY i BRO., Southwest Corner Plaza. GERH. LAUMEN, East side Plaza. Southeast corner Plaza, GROCERIES. r I BAYLOR 4 JACKSON East Side Plaza. T ARDY A CO., South side Tlaza GROCERIES & HARDWARE. GIESEN, Sontb aide plaza. FURNITURE. J. WARD, East tida Fiaza. JV. NANCE BKO , near Southeast . Comer of Public Square, WA TCJI3fAKKi! 4JE WELEHS. J IL ROEBLXS, North aide Plaza. S TO TES at TIX WA K E. rpHEOIORE HERREK1. N3rtbejCor-j Free Press. tmwm. ISAAC S. JULIAN, - aiiwubw 8AN MARCOS, TEJCUAJa THURSDAY, JANUARY, 2H, 1880 Prohibition The Real Issue. A favorite dodge of the advocates of tho liquor traffio is to raise false issues. For instance, we every day hear them descanting on the alleged efforts of the prohibitionists to dictate tothepeople what they shall dnnic, and they go on to say that ere long such interference will extend to what they shall eat and wear, and as to how they shall conduct thomselves in the private rolations of life goner allv. And they wax eloquent on these assumed contemplated attempts to regulate such matters by law, and the outrages on porsonal liberty invol ved therein. It is possible this sort of talk may mislead the weak and unthinking ; we therefore denounce it as false and unfounded mere 6tufif and nonsense. No such ends are or ever have been contemplated by the prohibitionists. It is the public liquor traffio alone against which they direct their bat teries. People may drink at their homes, or in private as much as they like, and however much the prohibi tionists may condemn the practice, and use moral suasion to correct it, they never for a moment claimed that they had any right to correct such prac tices by law. They well know that it would be impossible to do so, and a real violation of personal liberty, utterly inconsistent with our demo cratic institutions to make the at tempt. Interference of this kind would constitute a"sumptnary law in m, J.Uel the proper sense of the term time for such things has long passed, ... j :l A;.nr.W .i-liitil-iua . tn t.fuw 1 r " , , . about them, and no one does so but the saloon influence and its patrons, in nrrlor tn mifilrtiio4 the iuTiornnt and v.uw a cust prejudice on tho prohibition CaURe. .ii- i.v- i! t(T! J3Ut tlie open puuiio i.yuux as exhibited by the saloons is a very .... .... i , if 1 1' 1 different thing, ana ne must do dhuu indeed who does not see that it is a fair subject for regulation or suppres sion by law. It affects not merely the whiekv dealer and his patrons, but all other classes of people, lead- to the worst results to society. It destroys the lives of its victims, beg gars families, and turns homes into scenes of discord and wretchedness. It is a totally illegitimate business, returning nothing to the public weal to atone for the manifold evils which it inflicts, on society. For it is easi ly demonstrated that the saving from criminal court expenses, nearly en tirely the result of the traffic, if it were abolished would vastly over balance the proceeds of the licenses paid by the saloons, however high thev may be placed. ' Besides the traffio paralyzes labor, leading to to idleness and dissipation, mclud ... it j in" gambling, tue lnsepuruuie uu- junct to the saloon business. Above all, these saloons with their giiaea trappings and games of chance, mev- tably attract the young toon and bovs to certain ruin. Surely then society has a clear rijjht to suppress this great fountain of "evil, and only evil, and that continually." Now when you hear the advocates of this traffic descanting about "per sonal liberty" and ''sumptuary laws" as beinjr aimed at by the prohibition- I'cto iimt. pall tlinm to a halt and hold - iu. :i i,t ; ;a nni nn. lliUUI W IUD uuiub biiub jh ig uw j , . , . i v a tempiatea oy anyway , p. people by law from exercising their reserved rights" of drinking at home oosition to that belongs, as we have . said, exclusively to the domain of moral suasion. And we say with Mrs. Saxon, if you think yon mtut drink, it ib vastly better that yoa should do so in private Apropos, why should any drinking man desire to parade the babit in public 1 We daily see . men prominent for their wealth, position, public officials and even ii -,a church-members, going ,n and oat of iliaca olnnni. tnairm!r all the time - o that they can gratify their propensi- i :. .oll In rnnii tV.at thft effect can not be bat most pernicious ' The Southern Kivo'ifW tor FebTa , . V trv, wtJ contain an trtK-le byJa lge to the young and others who are in- f&rim drrihir.g an intfrw be fJ Viv tia.r iiimDV It 19 a , - ,c '... TV IT mkaiM.- . ( great rtyt'ery to u why thy ahon'd act Ibna, Suppoc.cg tLey can recon- cilo their own weakness with thoir oonsoioDoes, why should they aofc BO Asta totrmt others who have not formed suou habits, to ruin, by iu .... .i duoiwr them by tueir example, w bocotna frequenters of those gilded haunts of drunkenness, gambling and fonoral crime. Whose "porsonal lib erty'' would be iufringed by tuoir i oi tjr nuuiu ia ."(i" j kee,pinr out of suob placos aud grati- tying tuoir passion lor eiroug unu in private? ETERNAL JUSTICE. a . BT CBABLBS MACKAT. The man is thought a knave or fool, Or bigot, plotting orime, Who, for the advauoeinout of fail kind, Tu w'anr than his time. For him the hemlock shall distil; For mm tue nxe oe Darcti; For him the gibbet shall be built; Ifnr him flm arnica nrRimred: H Him shall the soom arid wrath of men Purene with deadly aim; " And malice, envy,' spite, and lies, Rhi.ll Anannmia Ma nnmn ' J But truth shall conquer at the tost, - f or round ana rouna we run, And over the right comes uppermost, And ever is Justice doiie. Pace through thy cell, old Soorotes, Cheerily to and fror Trust to the impulse of thy soul Ani) lar rhfl nnittnn flow. They may shatter to eurth the lump of clay That Imliln A lialit divine. But they oannot quench the fire of thought kv anv Riinn uaaaiv wine: They cannot blot thy spoken words J) rom tne memory oi man. By all the poison ever was brewed HitiA thnn itn nmirNA lieiran. To-day abhorred, to morrow adored, So round ana rouna we run, And ever the truth comes uppermost, Ana ever is justice aono. Plod in thy cave, grey Anchorite: Tifi wiser than thv neers: Augment the range of human power, Aua trust to coming years. Thoy may call thee wizard, and monk no cursea, And lnarl tlion with iliHriraise: Thou wert born five hundred years too soou k or tue coimori oi tuy aays. But not too soon for human kind: TiniA hnrh rflwftrd in Rtoro: And the demons of our sires become TIia snintn that we adore. The blind can see, the slave is lord; fin rnimd And rnilnrl ve nin: And ever the wrong is proved to bo wrong, And ovnr m Inutuia done. Keep, Gahlefi, to thy thought, rBihV noni to hear: Thoy may-gloat o'er the ueneless words f "n? . A from tuo ynun wi They tany veil their eye.j, but thoy cannot I Tlirt ennto mpriflmn MnW! ThA lianl nf il nriont mav tread thee down. T -t7raTltrwork thSe woe: jjut r,ever a truth has been destroyed: rni.. Mn.. Anwofl if nml .mil if. ni.itnf4 Thpv mav curse it and call it crime: Pervert and betray, or slander and slay . Its teachers for a time. But the sunshine nye shall light the sky, As round and round we run; And the truth shall ever come uppermost, And justice shall be done. And live there now such men as these With thoughts like the great of old? Many have died in their misery, And left their thought untold; And many live, and are ranked as mad, And placed in the cold world's ban, For sending thoir bright far-seeing souls Three centuries in the van. They toil in penury and grief, Unknown, if not maligned; Forlorn, forlorn, bearing the scorn Of the meanest of mankind. But yet the world goes round and round, And the genial seasons run, And ever the truth comes uppermost, And ever is justice done. The New York Observer says: The snirit of rum, the character of many of those who are engaged in the traf fic and the desperate opposition which those mast be prepared to meet who are endeavoring to rid so ciety of its enormous evils, are all il lustrated in the following dispatch rom ues Moines, xowa: Tho nath of the officers who at tempt to enforce the prohibition law in Tmiraiannt.alwavHRtrown WltUrOBCB. On Wednesday night Deputy-Sheriff Pierre went to the liauor store of Lorenzo Ill,in the Des Moines House, with a search warrant Xs'ot uncling nnv contraband roods in the bar room, he tried a door leading to the cellar but found it locked. WUon the barkeeper refused to open the door Pierce broke it open. Descend ing the staircase by a dim Jignt ue auva n. hpi r kprr in the cellar and start- Lrl fnr iL but. vra ked into a nit about - - , nine foot deen. the bottom of which WM Bet witQ 8takea. Pierce , , hig ftrmg M on tho si(es 0f the hoi anj by the aid ied him, ho was rescued before falling .- ,.1.1... rr.. ffi- onm that on the stakes. The officers say that the pit had been freshly dag, and had every appearance of having been es pecially constructed for a trap. A 6hort time before his death, Al exander IL Stephens dictated to hi . atmannonqm a akr-trh of the lata UCD. xue article was urtRatis- factory; and be began a econ.L Thia 'article, prepared w.th gnat eare.Ur. SU pbcna was not able rKj-sonilly to m . J lhe o i v: t Tv l . a jufciitra AJivuuivj iur icuiuiij. a tch of Lee by SUphena will Lave a vprv Tu-rnY.Ar intf-rehL ail;.LI IU AVJ n.lil II IU. II. . reaL'vo to tht rvnstmcti'n of the atscm saw SAX The Glurlos of .Their Depths. Sub-Aqneoua For the benefit ofJpartioB who often desire to seud copies abroad, we com pilo below for our columns, perhaps the threo bost descriptions of tho San Marcos Rivor Sprites which have as yet appoarod. . Noithor gives a complete idea of tho scone, but taken as a whole, thoy probably oomo as near doing so as is possible in a written description. Tho first was written by the editor of the Fbbr Fkes3 mainly before ho had begun tho publication of this pa per in tho suinmor of 1873, and was oommunicated to tho columns of tho Richmond, (Ind.) Telegram. Wo copy below as introductory to tho fuller descriptions which follow only stop ping to remark that bo many years ago tho utilizing of these Bprings for the wator supply of the town and for irrigation, as is now realized, is uore dearly predictod : The San Marcos ltiver is a great natural wonder, well worth going a long distance to BOO. ' About a uair. muu uuvu wo iuwu iv surgos up from the rocky base of tbo moun tains, a full-born river, as Minorva spraug armed oap-a-pie from the head of Jupitor, in classio fablo. Fifty, yards above you have no traoo of its existence tue uasty vnllev is as silent as was the Highland pass ore the whistle of Koderick Dim UUod it with the sorried ranks and waving ponnons ot his clansmen. Descending, after passing anvnrnl minor Br.rinss, you all at ouoo be hold the river boiling up from tho bowels of tho earth, filling a large basin in tho hills and woods, and tlion roiling granaiy oeuanward. But tho half has not been told; the water is tho purest spring water, oloar as tho very air, rovoaliug every usn ana nubble for many foot below. Its depth is seldom found loss than midsidos to a horse, while it is often twenty feot or more. It abounds in line black bass (here improporly styled trout) and other fish. It affords am ple power for r11 sorts of maohiuery. It could be usoa in irrigating uie vaiioy uuiuw, and could readily be conveyed to Bupply the town with water. During the drient season it is cot often known to fail an iota; on the ooutrary, it is said to run stronger m sum- is owing to the moltiug of the ice aud snow at its far subterranean source, but wnero that is, is yet but conjecture. Bo that as it mav: it is oertaiuly au inestimable blessing tn n thirstv land like Texas. During the ooldoat days of wintor, steam nn f rom a boilinu cauldron rises from the surface of the water, as in smaller springs, Tue fino.it view of the river is to bo had by going on a boat on its uppor waters. Tho manv-colorod flowers, Dlauts and stonos on y . . . . 1 1- ...i j it the bottom ftlVO out iroin n oryHini uuihus all the varying hues of the kaleidoscope, forming a fairy world of wonders of incom parable beauty. Tuo Han fliarcos is inacoci a joy, giury and blessing forevermoro, to all the lovoly region round about. Bishop Doggett, of tho Methodist church South, visited San Marcos in the Spring of 1877, and wrote a lotter to the Richmond (Va.) Christian Ad vocate descriptive of a boat trip he made to tho head of tho rivor, from which wo make tho following oxtracts: I witnessed at the ford where we crossed, a eurious scene, reminding me oi tue names of the hippopotamus. A number of cattlo were feoding in tho stream above u, wading nearly to tteir baoki, plunging thoir heads entirely under 'he water, and gathering the crass which crows at tuo bottom, l was not aware that horned animals ever indulged in this spocics of grazing. After angling with moaerate iuck in one of the bayous, in which, on account of the singular transparency, the fish and the fishermen were perfootly visiblo to onoh other, we axcended the river iu a skid to its fountain-head. It has no preliminary or tributary streams. It bursts immediately from the limestone ledge at the bottom ot the ridge, and boils up with immense vol ume, like a vast cauiuron uuuorneatn inn surface, with a violence which agitates the mass of water, for a considerable distance, and which threw the boat from the ascend ing column. Its average dopth, for the dis tance specified, is fifteen or twenty feet, and its width about fifty yards. Above the point of emergenoe, is neither chusm or depression. Tbo earth is level and culti vated up to the mountain out or wnicn it bursts, laterally and perpendicularly. Its temperature is uniform, winter and summer, at about 60 9 Fahrenheit. The water has a slight alkaline taste. It is as transparent as tha atmosphere, and one could apparent ly read an ordinary newspaper at tue bot tom. Every object is perfectly distinct, as in an aquarium. The marvel of this .:onlortai river, now-- ever, is not it abrupt origin or its crystal clearness, but tba wealth of sub-apiatio veg etation. Its margin is not only lined with overhanging hhrubs and clustering heaps of wild crwfeOH: and its surface lu many planes, floating with wavy trcssoa of long and silk en grass, springing from it depths and floating in the current on for tweuty or URIPHIC PICTURES OF THE MARCOS SPRINGS. current on lor tweuty w i gqQ vegetation as we had never dreamed iu entire bottom u cohered bcIore,' lh, Tftriai,n of shales and eol unbrokefl twaue of dohcate- lwiMeringl There were thirty feet, but with an almost ly tinted and beautifully variegated vegrta- lon blooming tiearatn the surrace, uudor hoae m taroayiue foliage the lit be and ague fithes perform their graceful motions; and whose cryktal cave the imaginative Greek ould have peopled arilti luntrtung water- nymphs. I doobt if any water-soene of the aame extent, abounds with more tnuen4 ent beauty. It is a gnoiae, original gremi. house. It is nature's own eooaerTatury whore her rarest productKios era rrowved in amaranlhina frenhne, a)neaa4 la a fram. work of rofttic granleur, an t seen Uinooch sorfar of perpetual prmty. Coold the Saa Marcos natural museum be rrprodtmd in the EsMera 8tat and ia a bigbcr WU trada, it would attract the attention of the fahioBbl world and aronas ts etithoai. ane of rival artKta. On mot be incur ably obtae to look rata this mirror of ne tura, atd not be trttj'-ruA with its mx- ve m;rj A 8PLEKDID Xr-T DECP.rPTIOX. We are not aore but the f o" the lsUt in the fell, kadi cvra tie , fine effort of the bishop. It is un questionably tho most complete and flnishod description of the springs and thoir environs which has yut ap peared. It was written by Mrs. Ma ry 0. Billings, who with hor husband, liov. Jamos 0. Billings, a TJniversalist minister, spent several days last spring in our town, and first appeared in the Christian Loader, of Boston: Sau Marcos i"a oharmlntl town, or rather village near a background of hillx, the latter dotted here aud mere wnu pretiy uoiutgew and mora ambitious structures, which we at the North would call "villus," This is a oouulv neat and can boast or a flue oourt-honse built of stone, symmetrical in proportion and crowuod with a handsome dome. It is surrounded by a plaza, or square around which tho bosinosii of the Dluoo centres. This is principally witn tne ranchmuu and farmers, who uoine in here for thoir supplies, aud to ship their corn and cotton on the International road, which pusses through hero north and south. There are two banks, several mills, an ice factory which supplies the town with this luxury, and one of the finest natural water privileges to bo found in the country. All that is needed is capital and energy to devel op this delightfully situated town of Sua Maroou into a thriving and wealthy city, TEH SAN MA1I00S BTVSB. . ' is one of the grand and wonderful attrac tions of tho plaoe. If it wore advertised and well known abroad it would attract hun dreds of people to make a nearer acquain tance with its bounties. Aud first it is util ized to supply the town, being brought from a reservoir and distributed in pipes through the main atreets. Purer, swueter water was never drunk. We took a holiday. Starting for a long walk of more than a mile, up to tho head of tho river, which broadouiug out Into a min iature lake flows from springs, issuing be neath tho hills. Onward we rambled over tho embowered footpath at the base of the hills. Sometimes down on the brink of the river, and then following a track over some rocky steep, from which, peeping through the tangle of vinos and ' Bhrubbery, we caught glimpses of tho lovely dear water be low. We olauiber down the rocks, and gather long tresses or Spanish mass droop- j ing iu profusion from the overhanging trees: we find lovely yellow and sourlot! beans strewn on the ground, whioh prove to be seeds of the southern laurel, a suruD sim iln.r tn nna of tho same name growing in New Englaud. but bearing a diOForent blos som, those of the southern species being of two colors. And such lovely wild flowers neenincr out at us all along the way, from tha crnlden lantana f cultivated as a house and summer garden plant with us at tho Northl to tho wee bfuo forcet-me-nots. We nee orreat bunohos of prickly-pear cactus; one or two Spanish daggers wo moan noth- inc more danuorous than a plant by that name callod by us the "yuooa," often grow iaa in'Toxas to a cicantio size. In Gon znloa we noticed two of them growing like tronical trees with scaly boles, bare, except ing at the top, where they were each crown ed with a event cluster or swora-oiuucu loaves pieroing straight upward. Onward we saunter, with that happy feel ing of abandon that makes a holiday trip so enjoyable. Now we descend to the river's brink: we hear what seems to be the loud nine of a bird's noto. We liston, nud walk softly, watching with interest the rooky pool, where the flags and lilly pads mako good hiding places for aquatia birds; when lot wo hear a stir, a plunge and then a chuck, and Mr. Frog an iramonso fellow is out of sight! Everything is on a large scale in Texas, even to thoso green-coatod gentry Of the marshy pools, we toss a Dit or grapa vino into the crystal expanse, watching the crlassv rinplos oirolo out and out, moralizing in thniiaht for an instant on tho analogy it boars to the effoot of iufluonce in the world of mind, when we discover a fish darting up to inspect the strange objoot Like a flash another and another swim swiftly and grace fully along, until wo count five. Wo hold our breath lost we frichton them away, but in onothor moment they disappear. No farther ooaxing can induce them to show themselves again. Now we come to tho mountain springs that bubble out fro below the rooks oloar and sparkling, while the rivor expands into a hike, smooth and glassy, with its islands of wator-cresses and lily-pads, ono Kina oi tho lattor being of oblong shape, cut sjnare at tho ends and lookiug as if crimped by a machine. This plant is peculiar in its growth, its .roots being on the surface of the water, their fibres stretching from plant to plant, leading a floating life, unless on tanglod with stationary vegetation. TTIS BEAUTIES 07 TBB VKDEBWOBLO. Thronch the kindness of friends we were treated to tho most charming boat ride down this rivor that it has ever been our good for tune to enjoy. Language fails to describe it fully. It can only be thoroughly appre ciated by actual experionoe. Little islands of floating vegetation here and there; sprincs bubbling out from under the hill side rocks, which tower up stoop from the brink on one side, while on be other there are stretches of cultivated gardens ana fluids. The water is clear and of such re markable puritr that iu gliding along its glassy surface everything is visible on the bottom to the dopth of thirty feet I And such a revelation of the beauties of this nn- dorworldl It exceeds anything that our imagination could picture! It was as if we were floating over a fairy land; a new strange aud enchanting region, for removed from this every-day world, in which we as prowy morula live! Every rock or inequali ty of surface down in those depths of crys talline was covered with such growths of actual I v 1 groat mats of variegated foliage, sweeping TJP lowarus uu lonace, cacu oiunver in kves as bri-htly tinted and beautiful as blutoms! There were large patches of j mo, dazzling in their vivid colors. Ex-. quiMM plumy ferns, and carious vegetable tho jqjJ Sunday gathering of anar growtha; long conns of strange plant, to I .. . . . nnanimnnalw ue. reaching np towards the light, somewhat i RensUini! certain ST-xaen of the tartar I aai ever sod aeain a gleaming down there j of superb tints that would einie an artiat to apit-h of ArHim in '"fe ! Ir 1 "v wtt tZlLZ ; ing nv-ms wee points of bruliarT Irk- j ling aa (broagh the raavoarp4 of the ) rocks. There were email eaaij shells, wit , rTJt r .ithi. amxaaboo and nncompl.memUry jduri. We saw tba wv4ilis pnahr-g jpitheU were Dot wanLDg. ; tbeir way to the air, tbr white stem, lock, i !,.. aJr toUe. tbey er an ! aw down , bV,w brir nfaat bad t twrrwnal. be-, fo. that in our leas clear watora these plants may blossom below as well as on the surface. In a place near the ecntro of the river the water Is too deop for soundings. Not far from there seveial springs boiled up to the surface, and oar little boat would be pushed back each time when the oarsman attempt ed to approach, whioh he did in order to show us the foroe of these subterranean springs. . It was with regret that we stepped from the fairy boat, leaving this mngio river for the terra firms of real life again. We shall never forgot this peep at the u (frrt6orfci,the marvelous beauties of which are pictured so vividly upon our mind. The Bible Ag-ainst the Liquor Traffic- The Responsibility of the Churches. ' Rev.W. T, Boiling- writea-rr tha" St. Louis Christian Advocate as fol lows : If there is an agent of Satan more to be despised, it is the pious fraud who sings his psalms and drinks his drams and prays and then defends this traffio. On him must rest the blood of broken-heartod women and tears of noglcctod and impoverished children. On him must oomo the gloom of utter night when the angel of tiod pronounces i "woo unto him that putteth the bottle to his noighbors lips, andvmkoth him drunkon, aaith tho Lord." Tho stronghold of whiskey is in the pale of the churohos and the blight and curstf" is upon many on tins aocount, & coward ministry and an impure annK- ing membership in too many placos guard tho saloon interest, and barter their lives and the hopes of men and women for a few dollars or tho emp ty pleasures of popular applause. The churches in this land can banish this accursed domon from among . thorn if thoy will, and if we do not, then the blood of souls must be upon our garments. Tho cry of "proaohersiu poUtics,"frightons some good men in the ministry from doing what tbey taint ougut to be aono, and thou this is increased by tho ad vice of tho pious (?) churoh member, who advises hiB preacher simply to preach the gospel and let the whiskey qnextion alone. On no one thing are so many curses pronounced, and about which are so many warnings given in the Bible as this very thing. Let's see: - "Woe unto the drunkards," "Woe unto unto them that follow strong drink," "Woe to men of strength to mingle strong drink," "They have erred, they are out of the way through strong drinks," "Strong drink shall be bitter unto them that drink it," "Woe unto him that putteth the cup to his neigh bor's lips." "Wine Is a mocker, strong drink is raging," "Look not upon the wine when it is red, when it giveth its col or in the cup, for at tho last it biteth like a serpent and stmgoth like an ad der." "Who hath woot who hath sorrow T . They that tarry long at tho wine, they that go to seek mixed wine," "No drunkard shall inherit the king dom of God." "The fruit of tho flesh : murders, drunkenness, revolings, and such like. They who do such things, shall not inherit tho kingdom of God." "Hero are texts enough to keop. . you preaching for many Sabbaths on one subject, and he who fails to use them should hand in bis parchments and relievo the Church of carrying him any longer. Surely we have carried tho curse long enough. Every man with a particle of pride in him must blush when he roads the remarks of Senator Cockrell, with reference to the drunkenness whioh disgraces tne ; United states Senate. No doubt they tell but half the tale of the revels held by our law makers in the upper house, for we have not one politician out of ten who does not get drunk, and hence the difficulty of prevailing upon them to do anything for the reliof of those suffering from tha curse of strong drink. Will we carry it longer? Will men stand idly by and see annhood wrecked, woman hood wrapped in woe, and the tender plants of childhood so cursed with want, and made beirs of appetite and a bitter life Surely it cannot be. Ministers will not falter. Pro fessod Christian men will no longer he to God, and vote to put men in , office who will champion the rum curse, and do what they can to ruin homes and damn the aouls of men. Brethren, lot ns awake and throw off this cursed thing and thus purify ourselves before God, and receive His blessing, for lie hates strong drink. The Chicago Socialist. M . . i tr. ' - CuiCaOO, Jan. 3 August Spies, an active member of the local Socialist orcranizAtion, read an address before -""" J. .. . . naopioi m too nenumefcin vi tut. meeting. The addreftS reminded those present that to-day vu the 2.1th anniversary of the accession of f-l-ror WULaV and that hi. reign been d; ".grace to civilization, Historical incidents were cited, with mon j, mnmcr, in f npport of . Va it 1 s TL Dr. Alary a.ker baa a rcsxicnce OawMm lm Kaa nrt Lw.1 thfra Journal - t