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San Marcos free press. [volume] (San Marcos, Tex.) 1877-1892, December 15, 1887, Image 1

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I. H. JUIL.IA.N,
Prove All Things 1 Hold Fast that which Is Cood."
PROPRIETOR
VOL. XVI.
SAN MARCOS, HAYS COUNTY, TEXAS. THURSDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1887.
NO. 52.
Marcos
San
BUSINESS DIRECTORY.
BANKERS.
i loVer NATIONAL BANK OF 8AN
VJT Maroos, JNortu siue i'laza.
TiMRST NATIONAL BANK of San Mor-
JJ cos. Sonthenst Corner rlaza.
LA WYER8.
r B. MoBUIDE. Att'y and Land Agent.
O . Office over First National Bnnk, San
MnrcoB. -
O.
T. BROWN, Office over Green'B Bank.
. . NOTARY PUBLIC.
' H. JULIAN, Judge Wood's New Build.
1 . ing, UpBtairH.
DENTISTS.
D
R. J. H. COMBS, Judge Wood's New
Building, upstairs.
DRUGGISTS.
OWARD & CO., South Bida Publio
y Square.
TD AYNOLDS & DANIEL, North side
Lli Plaza. .
DRYGOODS.
E
D. J. L. GREEN, at the old stand of
Green & Price, Southeast Corner Plaza,
DRY GOODS & GROCERIES.
TD T. TALBOT, Next door to First
I. , National Bank.
JOHNSON & JOHNSON, Mitchell Build
ing, North side plaza.
AlLEY & BRO., Southwest Corner
Plaza.
ARCHITECT AND BUILDER.
S. MACKIN, Near Northeast corner
JJ . Plaza.
GROCERIES.
E.
W.LEA VELL, South side Publio Plaza.
riHOMAS TAYLOR Eaut Side Plaza.
HAUDY
AUDY 4 CO., North side Plaza
TINWARE.
M
B. OWNBY, Northeast of Publio
. Square.
FURNITURE.
JW. NANCE, Southeast Corner of Pub
. lie Square.
WA TCHMA EER8 &JK WELERS. .
"W.
H. ROBBINS, North side Plaza.
GROCERIES ifc HARDWARE.
M. GIESEN, South side pluza.
MILLINERY.
MRS. RICHARDSON, between First
National Bank Building and Nance's
Furniture Store.
SADDLES A NDr II A RNESS.
J.
R. PORTER, East Side the Square.
1"' r e e Press
fob Printing
OFFICE,
fS" North Side o Ttaxa. j
We will duplicate Anstin and San Antonio
work in style and price.
JACOBS
SAN MARCOS :
Joirni.Min: of mii akr,
One Uor Btal f Ileal! Urns
Nl.rr.
We offer for sale a Nicely Selected Stock of
3D2."5T GOODS,
NOTIONS, HATS. BOOTS, SHOES, SHIM'S,
UNDER WE AE, BLANKETS AND QUILTS, TEUNK?,
AND SATCHLXS, AT EXCEEDINGLY LOW FIGURES.
O Ij O T I 3NT G- !
We make a specialty of
FIKE JEWELRY FOR LADIES AND GEHTLEMEN,
Sach as
Watches, in Gold, Silver and Nickle, for Ladies and Gentle
men, Chains Sleeve Buttons, Studs, Rings, Lace
Pins, Ear Rings, Braclcts Scarf Pins, etc.
Oar G-c9 tr not I be c.I'eJ Cbetp Jrwey,botSo'j-l Gold and the
M I u l 4 rVVl D irg IV-tv-l J-wl-r. rr -H rive yrxi a
C-ir , : .. . -.r '..-1 r, ; r - L :!.--ri to b of r,-i
i C:,
2-
PURELY VEGETABLE.
II tots with xtrordlnry effloaoy M th.
tiver, dney3,
1 - and Bowels.
AN EFFECTUAL SPECIFIC FOR
Malaria, Bowel Complaint,
Dyspepsia, Blok Headache,
Constipation, Biliousness,
Kidney Affections, Jaundice,
Mental Depression, Colic
Ho Household Should be Without It,
and, by being kept ready for Imme tlatouBo,
will save many an hour of suffering ana
many a dollar In Ume and doctors' bills.
THERE IS BUT ONE
SIMONS LIVER REGULATOR
8 that yoa gebth gwiuln with red "Z"
oi front of Wrapper. Prepared only by
J. H. ZEILIN & CO., Solo Proprietor,
Philadelphia, Pa. FBICS. 91.00.
ERRELES
Is prepared solely for the
cure of ooniplalots which
Ives tone ana strengiu in
Iim ntj-rlna nnr&ns. Slid
corrects rtanrerons displacements and firregulsrl
tlrs. Ittsnfirrt-atvaliielnclianffeofMlo. Tnauseof
HKUElEa.aVB) WKJt ILK TM aJ nunn-iiru6-nancy
greatly relieves the palus of motherhood and
HMmMH innnHv rnA,Arr. It ASKlRta nature tO
safely make tie critical change frum girlhood to
token at all times with perfect safety. Price,
TOR 8ALB BT ALL DMJOOISTS.
j.B.MBLLDIinaOO.,8olerrop..tiT.LOVLS.
Makes Child-Birth Easy
The time haaeome when ihe ter
rible agon of tulorilloal period In
woman' ll'e can be avoided.
dlmiiigalahed iliyslclan lio spent
44 years in this brunch of practice,
lift to child-bearing wonwp this
Ivzicv. Tiia Mothkr's ainn. and
to-drt thiTt- are tbnusand of women
' wb baviug uacd thin reuedr befoie
confinement, ri e up and call bis
name bleaxed. We ran prove all wo
claim bjp living witness, and any
one Interested, can call, or have
tbelr husband do so, and see the
original letters, wblcb we cauuot
publish.
All druggists sell It. For port louUrs address.
UiAnriELO Rkooistok Co., Atlanta, Qa.
ROLLINS ACUE GURP
HEADACHE.
Nothing relieves a Headache to promptly as
Collins' Ague Cora. It cleanses (he stom
ach, promotes action of the liver, and purifies
the. blood, aiding you to perlect health.
MALARIAL FEVER.
A few doses of Collins' Ague Cure rill
quickly break up the worst case of Malarial
Fever. No other remedy possesses the power
of so cempletly eradicating Malaria from the
system. CHILLS and FEVER yield at
once to Its iullueaue, au d the cure is permanent.
BILIOUS COLIC.
Immediate relief and a speedy cure for the
Worst cases of Bilious Colio is found In the use
of Collina' Agne Core. As a radical cor
rective of all Bilious Disorders it has no "quaJL
DIARRHCEA or FLUX.
Flux. Diarrhoea, and all Summer Complaints
re completely checked and cured in a few
hours by Collins' Ague Car. Trt it.
Bald mryirhare by all ealen at SO ota. a Bottle.
tfrAsk yonr Dealer for a Copy of the COLUHS
PRESENT CENTBHY ALKABAO, or Addrsos
COLUKS BROS. ORUQ CO.. ST. LOUIS, HO.
OK CO,
SAN ANTONIO :
oi poi'tii liiOHM i ni:i;i',
No allien I i'ormrr MlllUtrj
Plna.
tier a x7i
MOTH EB'.S
AtBny.
This is the 'nd. then, of striving; this is
what comes of it nils
Darkness aud foes just behind one; before,
a impuasnhle wall.
What does it twitter how stunubly one may
have butll'd for truth.
When with his wen pons all broken he sit
by the grave of bis youth?
What did it profit in past years that ono did
the best that he knew.
When iu the gloom of the present , virtue
herself seems untrue?
Why Hhould one fight any longer when
nothing temains but defeat?
Surely auoh lubor were u.-1osb and idle the
stirring of feet
Abt but the soul that is f lilhful knows it is
good to have fought;
Kuows ft is good to have noted, whatover
the doiutr bos brought.
This is tie orown of the conflict, this the
reward of all strife
Faith in one's self aud one's motives, no
matter bow darl a ted the life.
Flesh may be bruised and defeated, but
saint is never dispraoed;
Spirit is always triniuphaut, whatever sharp
puin it nas laced.
Here, at the en 1 of my conflict I - counsel
not i et with despair,
Though to all seeming my struggles are his
who but beatetn ttie air.
Durknet:snd fm nm about me. yet I stand
with inv. ba-k ti th i wall.
Facing whatever Fat sends me, and facing
Fate thus 1 shall lu ll
Ocar Fay Adams.
"Too Many r Wee."
'Mnmuin, is there too many of wee?"
The little girl asked with a sigh,
'Perhaps you wouldn't be tiwd, you see,
If a few of your childs could die."
SUe'jwos only throe years old the one
who spoke in tnat strange, saa way.
As she saw her mother's impatient frown
At the children's boisterous play.
There were half a dozen who round her
stood,
Aud the mother was Bick and poor,
Worn out with the care of the noisy brood
Aud tbo light with the wolf at the door.
Only a week; and the littlo Claire
Iu her tin v white trundle bed,
lay with bine eyes closed, and the suuny
nair
Cut close from the golden head.
"Don't cry." she said and the words were
tow
Feeling tears that she conld not see
"You won't have to work aud be tired so
When there ain't so many of woe."
SuutUorn Bivouac
St. Nicholas pob Deoembeb.. The
Christmas number of St. Nihnlttt inoaziue
has been issued by the publishers ut New
York. The uumbcr opens witu a story frjm
tho pen of Frank B. Stockton, oilled the
Clocks of ltondituie, which is told with tho
characteristic skill of the writer. The Bal
lad of the ISlaoknrnith's Souh, which follows,
written by Mary E Wilkins, is a very clever
piece of verse, accompanied by pleasing il
lustrations. Frances Hodgson Burnett, the
authoress of Little Lord Fauntleroy, has be
RUu a new Rtory in this number of St. Nich
olas, entitled Sara Create; or What Happened
at Mrs. Miuchin's. According to the way
it begins, the balance of the story promises
to be very entertaining. Three Miles IIikU
in a Balloon, by Edward Duffy, is given in
this number, being a description of the trip
into the sky last summer on board the big
New York World nir ship. Poetry and lit
erary brio-a-brac fill out the remaining paes.
A Baby like a Wale of Wind.
Why is a newlyborn torn baby like a
gale of wind ? Because it begins with a
ssuall. Cold gales induoe cough and oroup.
Taylor's Cherokeo Keniedy of Sweet Gnm
and mulleu will cure it.
The Trollopa family of England
have writted 275 books, as follows:
Mm. Trollope, Sr.," 115; Anthony
Trollope, 100; Adolplius Trollope, 50;
Mrs. Theodore Trollope, 10.
Many imitators, but
no equal, baa Dr.
Sage's Catarrh Bcmedv
The desk in the Senate Chamber
which was long used by Roscoe Conk
linff will be occupied by Senator Wir.
E. Chandler dnnnj the coming ees-
8 on.
100 Doses One Dollar
Is Inseparably connected with Hood's Sana
parills, andtstrueof no other medicme. It is .
an unanswerable argument as to strength and
economy, while thousands testify to its supe
rior blood-purifying and strengthening quail-
ties. AbotUeofllood'sSarsaparillacontalns
100 doses and will last a month, while others
will average to last not over a week. Hence,
for ccouoBiy, buy Hood's Sarsaparilla.
Senator Infills says that he will,
.. . n. . . , . -mUs i ' lease vo ui peupi wwmousj ijuig uua in
live in Washington this winter "in tie trmmrmrrfA to t iTnndUu
S ime old place on the extreme SOUth- danger, our surplus revenues have eoo
ea8t corner of repptctfbility.H I tinned to aocumulate, the excess for the
n0WS THIS!
We offer One Hundred Dollars Re
. r r-ii u 41..4
waruior any c m vauu.u
not b Cared by taking IlsJI a Catarru
rw V 3 f'TIFW A- rV.
Care. t. J- tUL-MSW, :
Prop r,ToIeiio, O. ,
i-i i
Flail's Catarrh Care is taken inter-
naJly, actinK d'rtcUy opon the blood
and Buncos rarfacea of tbesjetem-t
price, 75 cl per bottle.
Soll by all
' ;
Drogjifcts.
THE MESSAGE.
President Cleveland's Recom
mendatlon to Congress.
HIS TALK ON THE TARIFF.
THE ".SURPLUS IN
THE ONE
THE TREASURY
SUBJECT.
Do Holds Congress Beepontlbl for the
Lara;. Surplus, and Bays That "By Next
June There Will Be One Hundred and
Forty Million Dollars In the Treasury.
To the Congress of the United Btatees
You are confronted at the threshold of
your legislative duties, with a condition of
the National finances which imperatively
demands immediate and careful considera
tion. The amount of money annually ex-
acted through the operation of present law,
from the industries and necessities of thr
poople largely exceeds the sums necessary'
to meet the expenses of the government
When we consider that the theory of our
institutions guarantee to every citizen the
full enjoyment of the fruits of his Industry
aud enterprise, with only suoh deduction as
may be his snare towards the careful and
economical maintenance of the government
which protect him, it is plain that the ex
action of more than this is indispensable ex
tortion and a culpable betrayal of Ameri
can fairness and justice. This wrong in
flicted upon those who bear the burden of
National taxation, like other wrongs, mul
tiplies a brood of evil oonsequenoes.
The publio treasury which should only
exist as a conduit, conveying the people's
tribute to its legitimate objects of expendi
ture, becomes a hoarding place for money
needlessly withdrawn from trade and the
people's use, thus crippling our National
energies, suspending our country's develop
ment, preventing investment in productive
enterprise, threatening financial diaturb-
ance, and inviting schemes of publio
plunder. This condition of our treasury Is
liot altogether new; and It has more than
once o late been submitted to the people's
representatives in the oongress, who alona
can apply a remedy. And yet the situation
still continues, with aggravated incidents,
more than ever, presaging flnanolal con
vulsion and wide-spread disaster. It will
not do to negleot this situation, because its
dangers are not now palpably imminent
and apparent. They exist .none the leai
certainly, and await the unforeseen and un
expected ocoaaion when suddenly they will
be precipitated upon us.
On the Sotb day of June, 1885, the excess
of revenues over publio expenditures after
complying with the annual requirement of
the sinking fund aot, was $17,159,733.84;
during the year ended June 3 J, 1886, such
excess amounted to $49, 4x0,545. 20; and dur
ing the year ended June 30, 1867, it reaohed
the sum of $55,567,840.54.
The annual, contributions to the sinking
fudd during the three years above specified
amounting in the aggregate to $134,05 V
820.94 and Meduoted from the surplus as
stated, were made by oalllng in for that
purpose outstanding throe-per-oent bonds
of the government. During the six months
prior to June 80, 1887, the surplus revenue
had grown so largely repeated accumula
tions, and it was feared the withdrawal of
this great sum needed by the people would
so affect the business of the oountry that,
the sum of $70,864,100 of suoh surplus was
applied to the payment of the prinoipal and
Interest of the three-per-oent. bonds still
outstanding and which were then payable
at the option of the government. The pre
carious oondition of financial affairs among
the people still needing relief, immediately
after the 80th day of June, 1887, the re
mainder of the three-per-cent, bonds then
outstanding, amounting with prinoipal and
interest to the sum of $18,877,600 were
called in and applied to the sinking fond
contributions or the current Uses! year. -
Notwithstanding these operations of tho
treasury department representatives of dis:
tress in business circle, not only continued,
but increased, and absolute peril seemed at
hand. In these olroumstances the contribu
tion to the sinking fund for the current fis
cal year was at once completed by the ex
penditure of $27,634,283,55 In the purobase
of goverament bonds, not yet due,
bearing 4 and 4 1-3 per cent interest,
the premium paid thereon averaging about
m per cent for the former, and
8 per cent, for the latter. In addition
to this the interest accruing during the cur
rent year upon the outstanding bonded la
df btedness of the government was to some
extent anticipated, and banks selected as
depositories of public money were per
mitted to somewhat increase tneir de
posits. vv n.ie the expeoien tnus employed to re-
present jwv auwnuiuiuc; ra om m ufiv oa
Dooember to $55,2M,70I.19, and estimated
to reach the sum of $:i3,l,0iM on ths 30th
of June next, at which data it is expected
that this sum, added to prior accumula
tions, will swell the surplus la the treasury
to (I (O.OOO.UOO. Toere seem, to be no assur
ance that, with such a withdrawal from
tM of toe people's circulating medium, oar
tines commaoitv mf not, in the near
future, be subjected to tit same distress
which was quite lately prodoaal from tne
tme causa, and while the f unctions of oar
Bttonal treasury should be few and aim pie.
and wb.le its best eoadiuoa would be '
reached, I believe, of iu eoUre dieeoooM-
bjsine- InUrest. jet.
when, by a pervenioa of Its perpoe, it I
fclly bo!ls nwoer aseiessly eabtrac from
tbe chuia-es of traia, taere (en, to be
rMoa 1 the claim that sorae tof lUmste
snans th'xiil bdvil by the govern isit
t rvr la aa erawy, witboet waet
"I'trmck myJ te pUc
If socfa an emarrory ai-wt there bow es-
iata elmr aaa aadnalitei ezarvtivw
wer ot raiiaf. HeretsTor tbe redeap-
i Mm of three per e ut, boeyte vaica
payal4e at tbe optina f tbe rarer meat,
! kaiaffYMsama, for tbe 4 tbef" exiat
: ct tbe xxnes ef ar reveaase; bat
' I Texts Ware aU bees retired, aatl
; BaUevtsaatataalaaZ tbe aavajaeatnf wbw
we have ta rrK te tuaaS wpsa. Tae enav
tr In oa V tae svc f B4. wtecb far.
aael tbe wiraaaa far CTpeavlitare M tbe
Krtaisi of twtds bas bai are. 'r aaa4
Vt tti trivit year, ee tbat Uatre at aa ueS
if le the! avreettna.
Is V wee M.1 sta a oi laatjuatea tae acZ"
pretense ot any exnnog sxeoutiva power to
restore, at this time, any part of our surplus
revenues to the people by iu expenditure,
eonslsts in the supposition that the store
tary of the treasury may enter the market
and purchase the bonds of the government
not yet due at a rate of premium to be
agreed upon. The only provision of law
from which suoh a power could be derived
Is found in an appropriation hill passed a
number of years ago; and it is subject to
the tusploion that it was intended as tem
porary and limited In its application Instead
jf eonforrlng a continuing discretion and
authority. No oondition ought to exist
' whiob would justify the grant ot power to
a single official, upon his judgment of its
necessity, to withhold from or release to the
business of the people, in an unusual man
ner, money held in .the treasury and thus
affect at his will the flnanolal situation of
the oountry; and if it is deemed wise to
lodge in the secretary of tbe treasury the
authority in the present juncture to pur
chase bonds, it should be plainly vosted and
provided as far as possible with such oheoks
aud limitations as will define this official's
right and discretion and at the same time
relieve him from undue responsibility.
In considering the question of purchasing
bonds as a means of restoring circulation the
surplus money aoounyiladng in the treasury,
it should be borne in mind that premiums
must ot course be paid upon suoh purobase,
that there may be a large part ot these bonds
held as investment which cannot be pur
chased at anv price, and that combinations
among holders who are willing to sell, may
unreasonably enohanoe the odst ot such
bonds to the government
It has been suggested that the present
bonded debt might be refunded at a less rate
of interest, and the difference between tbe
old and new security paid in cash, thus find'
ing use for the surplus in the treasury. Tho
success of this plan, it it apparent, must ae
pend upon the volition of the holders of the
present boudt; and it Is not entirely certain
that the inducement which must be offered
them would result in more financial benefit
V the government than the purohase of the
ondi, while the latter proposition would re
duce the principle ot thi dobt by actual pay
ment instead ot extending It. -
ti The proposition to deposit the money held
by the government in banks throughout the
country for use by the people, is, it seems to
me. exceedingly oulectlonable In principle,
as establishing too close a relationship be
tween the operations of tho government
treasury and the business of the country,
and too extensive a commingling of their
money, taut fostering an unnatural rellanoe
in private business upon public funda It
this scheme should be adopted it should
only be done as a temporary expedient to
meet an urgent neoessity, Legislative and
exeoutive effort should generally bo in the
opposite direction, and should have a ten
dency to divorce as muoh and as fast as can
safely be done, the treasury department
from private enterprise. Of course it is
not expected that unnecessary and extrava
gant appropriations will be made for the
purpose of avoiding the acoummulation o(
- any exoess of revenue. Hucn expenditure.
besides the demoralisation of all just con
captions of publio duty whioh it entails,
stimulates a habit of reckless improvidence
' not In the least consistent with the mission
' of our people on the high and bonofloent
! purposes of our government. I shall doem
it my duty to thus bring to the knowledge
oi my oountrymen, as well as to tne atten
i tion of their representatives charged with
j the responsibility 'of legislative relief, the
! arruvlty of our financial situation. The
: failure of the congress heretofore to pro-
vide against .the dangers whioh it was quite
evident the very nature of the difficulty
must necessarily produce, caused a condi
tion of financial distress and apprehension
! siuoe your - last adjournment, which taxed
: to the utmost all tne autnonty and expe-
! dient within executive control; and these
appear now to be exhausted. If dlsastqr re
sults from the continued Inaction of oon-
: grow, the responsibility must rest where it
; belougs.
i Though the situation thus far considered
Is fraught with danger, whioh should be
. fully realised, and though it presents tea-
! tures of wrong to the people, as well as
peril to the oountry, it is but a result grow
ing out ot a perfectly palpable and appar
ent cause, constantly reproducing the same
alarming oiruamstanaet a congested Na
tional treasury and a depleted monetary
oondition in the business of the oountry. It
need hardly be stated that while the present
situation demands a remedy, we can only
be saved from a like predicament In tbe
future, by the mreoval of its cause. Our
genuine of taxation by means ot which tbh
needles surplus is taken from the publl.
treasury, consists of a tariff or duty levied
npon importions from abroad and interna
taxes lived on tbe consumption of tobacoo
and splr.tuous and malt liquors.
It must be oonoeded that none of tht
things subjeoted to Internal revenue taxa
tion are, striotly speaking, necessaries ,
there appears to be no just complaint o
this taxation by the oontumers of these
articles, and there seems to be nothing so
well able to bear the burden without hard
ship to any portion cf the peopla But our
present tariff laws, tbe vioious, inequitable
and illogical sourAo of nnueoeesary taxa
tion, ought to be at osioa revised and
amend-! These laws as their primary and
plain effect, raise the price to consumers of
all articles Imported and subject to doty,
by precisely tbe sum paid for snob duties
Taus the amount of the duty measures the
tat paid by those who porobase for use
these imported artiolea liany of .these
things, however, are raised or manufactured
in our own country, and the duties now
levied upon foreign goods and products are
called protactioa to these home snanufeo
turera, becaues they reader tt possible for
those of our people who are manufacturers
to make these taxed artiolea and sail L a
for a price equal to that aeraaatei for tbe
imported goods that have paid oustoas
duty.
bo it happens that while evnparatively
fewaae tbe imported article mill Mists of
of oar people who aa and never eaw aay of
tbe foraia prodocta, parrhaes an-1 aa
things of the earn kind snayie ia this coaa
try. Bod pay therefor aearly or quite tbe
same pnoe which tee datyalls to toe Im
ported artiosea Tboea wbe boy harnrts
pay tbe doty tbergsd tbareoa iae tae pafc
1m treasury, bat taa great ssajonty of esr
ertiams who bay domestic artirtes of tbe
eaiae class, pay a earn at least appr-ni- j
tnatly equal to this doty to tbe boeas saaaa- I
factarsT. Tea, refer ea as to the aparatena I
of oar tariff law as aot stale by way af
tatryaa. bat ta orter that we arty be
enaetaatiy reminded cT tbe saw ta srbtch j
tary impose a bartea aa tbonst wbe ena-
prolex, as wa as tbose I
ssavtai ertfceae, aa4 (bat i
tax rpoa all awr pwn.
It act avryassd ta eettrwy relaevw tba
uia f as? tbs tararioa: R avast be nte 1
Wy pest ia wee1 a tea a-iajre of taa geeara
snsat taoasns; Be aa a reas jt aeiel f aar
tariff tbe Uterile cT Aseannaa taW aa
gar4 at saaaeetare earejH be aarfanf
It easy be et J prntm.
er ty aay ether eseja. tejt ratW tram Che
law should be devised with espeoia preen,
tion agafuat Imperiling the exlstenoe of our
manufacturing Interests. Dut this interest
should not mean a oondition, whioh without
regard to the publio welfare or a National
exigency, must always Insure the realisation
of !nunente profit Instead ot moderately pro
fitable returaa At the volume and divers
ity of our National activities Increase new re
cruits are added to those who desire a con
tinuation of the new advantages which they
oonoetve the present system ot tariff taxa
tion directly offered them.
Bo stubbornly have all efforts to reform
the present condition been resisted by those
ot our fellow-oitissns thus engaged that
they can hardly oomplata of the susplolon,
entertained to a osrtain extent that there ea
lata an organised combination all along the
line to maintain their Ad vantage. We are ia
the midst of eentennlal oelebrattons and
with becoming pride ws rejoice In Ameri
can skill and ingenuity in American energy
, and enterprise, and in the wonderful seta
ral advantages and resources developed by
century's National growth. Yet when an
i attempt is made to justify a scheme whioh
' nn-iKlt. - K 1.1,1 ..-M Mnn.
sumer In th land for th benefit ot onr
manufacturers, quite beyond a reasonable
dumandfor governmental regard. It suits
the purposes of advooaoy to call our manu
factures infant Industries still needing the
highest and greatest degree of favor aud
fastening care that can be wrung from
federal legislation. It 1 also stated that
the lnorease in the prloa of domes tlo manu
factures resulting from the present tariff is
necessary in order that higher wages may be
paid to our workingmen employed in manu
factories, than are paid for what is celled
tbe pauper labor of Europa r
All will acknowledge the foroeof an argu
ment which involves ttv welfare and liberal
compensation ot our labor is honorable in
the eyes of every American oltizen; and aa
it lies at the foundation of our development
and progress, it is entitled, without nffeota
tion or hypooraoy, to the utmost regard.
The standard of our laborer's life should not
be measured by that of any other oountry
lee favored, and they are entitled to their
full share ot our advantage. By th last
census it Is.made to appear that ot the 17,
SU.'.OTO of our population engaged In all
kiniiaof industries, 7,670,403 are employed
In agriculture, 4,074,234 In professional and
personal service, (Ii,(M4,o74 of whom are
domestlo servants and labors,) whlls
1,810,SM are employed in trade and trans
portation, and 8,857,119 are classed as em
ployed in manufacturing and mining.
For present purposes, however, the last
number given should be considerably re-'
duced. Without attempting to enumerate
all, it will be oonoeded that there should bn
deducted from those whioh it includes 475,
143 carpenters and joiners, 285,401 milliners,
dressmakers and seamstresses; 173, 7S8 black
smith, 13.1,750 tailors and tailorestes, 10d,
478 masons, 76,241 butchers, 41,800 bakers,
22,083 plasterers, and 4,801 engaged in man
ufacturing agricultural Implement,
amounting in the aggregate to i,214,0ii3,
leaving 2,'S28,08U persons employed In such
manufacturing industries, as are olaimed to
be benefitted by a high tariff. To these tbe
appeal is made to save their employment,
aud maintain tlielr wage by resisting a
change.
There should be no disposition to answer
suoh suggestions by the allegation that they
ore In a minority among those who labor,
and therefore should forego an advantage,
in the interest of low prices for the ma
jority; their compensation, as it may be af
fected by the operation of tariff laws,
should at all times be scrupulously kept in
view; and yet with slight repletion they
will not overlook the faot that they are con
sumers with the reett that they, too, have
their own want and those of their families
to supply from the earnings, and that the
price of the neoesiariea of life as well si
the amount of their wages, will regulate the
measure of their welfare and comfort. But
the reduction of taxation demanded should
be so measured as not to necessitate or jus
tify the loss of employment by the working
man, nor lesoea his wages, the profits still
remaining to tbe mauufaaturs,r after a
necessary readjustment should furnish nn
excuse for the sacrifice of tbe lntereeted oi
bis employes either in their opportunity to
work or in the demlnutlon of their compen
sation. Nor can the worker in man uf su
ture fall to understand that while a high
tariff is olaimed to be necessary to allow
tbe payment of remunerative wagers it oer
tainly resulted in a very large increase in
the prioe of nearly all sort of manufac
tures, whioh, in almost countless forma he
needs for the use of himself and his family.
He reoelves at the desk of his smployer bit
wages, and perhaps before he reaches his
home Is obliged in a purchase for family
use of an article whioh embrace bis own
labor, to return in the pay m it of tbe in
crease in prioe whioh the tariff permits the
bard earned compensation of m any days of
toil.
Th farmer and tbe agriculturalist, who
manufacture nothing but who pay the in
creased prioe which the tariff imposes, npon
every agricultural Implement, npoa all h
wears and npoa all be uses and owns, tx
ospt the lnorease of hi flock and herds, and
socb things as ia his husbandry produces
from the soil, is invited to aid in main
taining the present situation, and he Is told
that a high duty on imported wool is neces
sary for tb benefit of those who have sheep
to shear, la order that the price of their
wool may be Increased. They, of courts,
are aot reminded that the farmer who hat
no sheep is this schema obliged, ia hie par-
of clothing and woolao goods, to pay
a tribute to his (allow farmer at well as to
tbe manufacturer and merchant; Bar Is any
mratioa mad of the faot that tbs sheep
themselves an their households, I
must wear dothtnf and as other articles '
Bun u factored from th wool Tasy sail at ;
tariff prices and tho as ooosamer must
retara their share of this Increased prtue to
tb tradetiaaa.
I think it may be fairly assatasi that a
lance proportloa of the Wp svmI br th
farmers thrnarboot tb eoaatry are f oae 1
ia eretu Ikxi aariaf troa leeaty.Sr
to fifty. Toe duty ea this grate nf ioaportai
wool trbirfc taeet eavep) naij It taa Beats
tech B is 1 If f tbe vaiaeaf th-rtraeeU er
i teal re eeate If cf tbevalaecl
ajre thaa thirty eaast. If tae liberal at li
ra' of at srwad be aDewal fnraaaa
fl, tbe 4 sty tareoej treall be eixty er
treat r-twa east, aai thi say be lace
at tbe euawt eeaaaee-wwit of Its pora te
tbe fern, b ra af f.w 4 . E ft
aaa (toilers waaU taa reaves us the le
issas s pme of the ac4 fraaa tweaty-flve
steep ea4 $1t that fraat tb traal ef arty
sliai p. as! st -i ti ' taa at l'Uoa
ejliswia t abas aa air af its
pile IX asm rt tb faraxr raosir
U.M er a sast tariff araCt, tb waol lee res
h baJrW;l w tb sa-ewsmy taat seam,
wax ta aula ' w.4 a lkere te at,
earta1 St raaxae tb . ara .
Wertaarel et b aal at bar rea at aai
BBi real far aa tts eaat x vr .
m usil te ta etnaest af tae faraser tar.C
ervtv. bat a fartbar aaes bae besej aSd4
f-sr cha baa-fU af tb eaw traf raaer
tae (s-nnn, ef ain tar.ff mi
I u saiasUaii t 4a arc.sat wba taa
goods and. matnrial to clothe hlmaelt aqd
family for the winter. When be faoss the
t sdeinmii for tliat purpose he discover
that he la obliged not only to rsturn in tbe
way of Inoreaaed prices, hit tariff profit on
the wool he sold, and .which then perhaps
lies bsfore him In manufactured form, but
that he mutt add a considerable utn thereto
to meet a further increase In coat oatud by
tariff dnty on the manufacture. Thus in
the end U Is aroused to the faot that he has
paid npon a modorat purchase, as a result
ot the. tariff ichenie, which, when he sold
his wool seemed so profitable, an inoreas
In price more than suffiulent to sweepaway
all th tariff profit h received epoa the
wool he produced and told.
When the number ot farmers engaged la
wool raising Is compared with the farmers
In the country, and the small proportion
they bear to our population is considered;
wbtn It is mad apparent that in th oase yf
a large part of those who own sheep, the '
benefit of the-present tariff on wool hi
Illusory; and, above all, when it mutt be
oonoeded that the lnorease of the ooat of
living oauesd by such tariff becomes a bur
dsn upon those witu tfio.ierata m ns aid
the poor, the employed and unemployed, the
siok and well, and tne young end old, . and
that it constitutes a tax, wlUoh, yvltb relent
less grasp, Is fastened upon the clothing ef
every man, woman and obi Id ia the land,
reasons ore tuggested why the removal or
reduction of thu duty should be included tji
a revision of our tariff lawa
In tpeakiug ot the lnoreaaed eost to the
consumer of our home manufacture, result- r
ing from a duty laid upon imported articles '
of tbe tame description, t he faot is overlooked
that competition among our domestic pro
ducers sometimes has the offect of keeping
tbe prioe of their produots below the highest .
limit allowed by suoh duty. But Hit notori
ous that this competition is to often stran
gled by combinations quite prevalent at this
time aud frequently called trusts whioh have
for ths object their- regulatiodof the supply
and prioe of commodities made and sold by
members of tbe combination. The peopla
can hardly hops for any consideration in .the
operation of those selfish echemoa
If, however, iu til abunoe of such combina
tion, a healthy and free oompetlon reduce
lbs price of any particular dutiable article
of home production below tbe limit whioh
it might otherwise reaoh under our tariff
laws, and If, with suoh redtioed prioe its
manufacture continues to thrive, It is sa
tirsly evident that one thing has been dis
covered which should bt carefully sorutl
'nised In an effort to reduce taxation. Th
necessity of combination to maintain th
prios of any commodity to tbe tariff point
furnishes proof that some ons is willing to
accept lower prices for suoh odinmodity and
that such prioes are remunerative, .and
lower prices produced by competition prove
ths tarn thing. Thus wbero either of thee
conditions exist, a oaas would seem to be
presented for an easy reduction of taxation.
The ooujideratlons wliluh have been pre
sented touching our tariff law are intended
only to enforoe an earnest recommendation
that tbe surplus revenues of tbe government .
be prevented by the deduction or our ous.
torn duties, and, at the same time, to nv
phssixe a suggestion that in accomplishing ''
this purpose we may dlsoharge a double
duty to our people, by granting to them a
measure of relief from tariff taxation in
quarters where it is most needed, and front
souroes where it oen be' most fairly and
Justly accorded. Nor can tb presentation
made ot suoh considerations, with any de
gree of fairnesi, be regarded at evldenoe of
unfriendliness toward our manufacturing
interests, or of any lack of appreciation of
their value and importance.
These Interests constitute a leading and
most subetan'at element of our National
greatness, and furnish th proud proof of
our oountry', progress. Bit if in the emer
gency that presses upon us our manu
facturers are askod to surrender something
for the public good, and to avert dlsastsrV
tbslr patriotism as well at a grateful resig
nation of advantages already afforded,
rhould lead them to willing oo-operatlou.
No demand Is made that they shall forego
all the benoflts of governmental regard:
but they oannot fail to be admonished of
their duty, as well as their enlightened self
interest and safety, when they are reminded
of the fact that financial panlo and collapse
to which the present oondition tends, afford
no greater shelter or protection to our man
ufacturers than to bur other Important ea
terprlses opportunity for safe, careful and
deliberate reform is now afforded, and nont
of us should be unmindful of a time when
an abused and irritated people, heedless ot
those who have reilited ti-nely and reasona
ble relief may insist npoa a radical and
sweeping rectification ot their wrong:
Tbe difficulty attending a wise end fair
revision of our tariff lawa is not under
estimated. It will require on tbe part of
the congress great lubor aud care, and
specially abroad and National contempla
tion of the subject, and a patriotic diars- ,
gard of such local and sslflsu claims as are
unreasonable and reckleei of tbe welfare ot
th entir oountry. Under our present law
more than four thousand articles are sub
ject to duty. Vlany of these do not ia any
way compote with our own maaafaotarere,
and many are hardly worth attention as
subjects of revenua A considerable reduo
tion can be mad in th aggregate, by add
ing them to the free list Tbe taxation of
luxuries present no f natures of hardship,
but tbe necessaries of life used and eon
turned by all tbe pejpla the duty apoa
which ad Is to tb cost of living ia every
borne, should be greatly cheapened The
radical reduction of the duties Imposed
npnn raw material aaed in manufacturers
or iu tret importation, is. of coarse, an im
portant factor ia an affntt to reduce .the
price of tbtai necessaries; would aot only
relieve them from tb incranesd ecet causal
by tbe tariff on snob material, bat the man
ufactured product bdtag leas cheapened,
that part of Ci tariff now laid upon sach
product mi e nriensetioe to oar minuae
teres for tba present prioe of raw material
could be eccaalooaily modified. Bach re
daction, or free Importation, would serve
bid to largely reduce tbe rcveaaa
It is aot apparent bow sach change
eaa bare aay knjanoo affect apoa
ear nunafaeiarera On aa eootrary. It
weald appear to give tneat a beuer chance
la fnrte-a saartet with Use EaaaeiBoterars
4 other craaatriaa, abe aUaapea their ware,
by fry saeterial Teas r ppie might
bee tbe rpportatity af exwtlia taeir
aaMs brf.jod to limit of boat eonsamp
ttoa. eaviaf tbaa tae Vprea aa of mtar
raptMa ta baaraaa aad loss iui I by a
g'eUed 4mmU sav-xel avl a7 W;(
tbetr aapioyt tnnra rartaia aad steaiy
labor, atta taa teeaiaag awt and eoataai
m ml Tea qaestsoa ths UBparativsxy pre-
nui far araetta abotvi be approached in
a epent bit-bar tbaa rveaae-p t-aj eo
s4vt t tbe ligbt f that racar U palri
axi aety wha Beail caaraeaw-.si ta
ma-jy af tbaa Bseraelat with taa waal ef a
evaAiia- taKStia But tb etl rataaa te e
iaral party prktrf e&d pnaopes a-
aratitng at -r fa-ompt aatj e?ertir
femb H b r"T ps t-al part He aca r-
a tie g"e awatt bar, fcr r.
deaf; ( ear ss-uaaiit tar J
Bat tt aermtry te yjz: heat

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