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Free Press, Marcos PBOPBIETOE 'Prove All Things I Hold Fast that which la Cood." NUMBER Iff. SAN MARCOS, HAYS COUNTY, TEXAS, THURSDAY, APRIL 20, 1888. 15TH YEAR. San T TT .TTTTTATST 1 TO ADVERTISERS. The Free Press KceoxiiUod br Ueo, P. Ituwell & Co., ax Ahead ah au Advertising Medium. Tba well knowu advertising rrodot o( Ooo.P.ltowoll A Co.,of New Vork Uity.have issued an.nunual Newspaper Directory for thirty yearn or more, aud thane publication Jiave bneu generally rocognlaed as authority tin to the mutt tor of newspaper olroulatiou. In tho regular issues of the Directory they linve iuoluded all the newspapers publibhod in (he Uuitod States aud Canada. Quite Recently, however, they Lave issued a con. dnnsod list It gives only the beat nowspa pore as advertising niodlnms, aud hence 1h praotiually bettor, because uioro convenient, than thoir Urger Directory. Four-fifths of tho nowBpnpers of the United States are praotioolly "counted out" by intelligent ad vertisors, who only want to kuow the beat. Ilenee the value of tho work nuder notice. The publishers iu the profuco woll Ray: "It sifts the wheat from the chaff. It di rects the attention of an advertiser toward papers which he should aud ought to use, and tends to iutereept a portion of that pa trouage whioh goes to publications which oohI groally in excess of aoy powor to bene fit which they possess. It takes the general ground, that the best is the cheapest." We need scarcely say that ou this plan, tho Fbhb Pbesh is given by this book (see page 158) as the advertising medium of Ban Marcos aud Hays county, it being the only one on the Ut. we reapecuuuy invito io attention of advertisers, both at home and , abroad, to this fact, f - I ADVERTISING RATES. Legal and Transient Advertisements will be charged Oue Dollar per Bquare for the J first insertion, and Fifty Cents per square I for each additional insertion. A square in I the space of one iuch. Fractional squares I will bo oountod as full squares. Advertisomunts ior uireo uiumun r mui I will beoharfied at the foUowing rates : No. of Square. 3 iuob 6 mos 1 yr. 1$3 5(t 4jj(J 00 $12 00 8 00 12 00 20 00 10 00 15 00 25 00 15 00 25 O0 40 00 23 00 40 00 60 00 40 00 6.ri 00 100 00 One snnare .... i Torn ftimares $ Three squares 3f One-fourth oolumn t One-half column... v nna nnlnm Yoarlv advertisers allowed tho privilege i " . . 4 Uuuiuess Cards, one inch or less, one year, ' i tyS. Cards in Business Directory, oue year, 52. Local and business notices will be charged j ton cents per line each iuKertion. ) Ad wtisomentH for Schools, Churches and Benevolent Societies, half rates. 1 Marriage and Obituary Notices, of over ten -.linos, charged n advertisements. . Calls upon candidates, thoir rnplios and "thoir circulars, aud all notices of n personal V-'character, (if at nil admissible into our col . niuus), will be charged as advertisements. A. cross mailt upon the paper indicate that the time for whioh the subscription ww -J paid has expired. v All advertisements and subscriptions aw in advance. . , Any of our f rionds would do us a spci lal 'favor by givin- us the names of auy er ':how within their knowledge who wonK be ' . likely to subscribe toe tbe Fiikk Pkess, so ' that wo may sond spociinen copies to si ch f persons. k1 Our terms for annonnuiug candidates sr-? , ;-$l. for state and district offices, for '.'-fcounty offices, and $3 for 'precinct and ill .'Cnicipal. Terras, cash. GENERAL DIREOTORY. $ OI-'FICIAa. I OOKOKMi KTU niRTKICT! I Hod. It. W. Mooro, of Favslte County. J' binatoh-SSth distkiot: Hon. W.H. Burses, of Guadalupe Co. I HKPRB8KSTATIVC8 91 ST DISTRICT! I Hon. Oeo.T. McUehee, of Hnyii Co. In.... .1 I. Klllnoll. f Cl(twll CO. DISTRICT OOUllT2SlIU DIHTBIOT. Hon H.TalohiouoIler, Prenlrtlng Juilse, LaOrang j. M. Bethany. Attorney, Autln lio. .... TIMBU or UOLDINO OonftT. ' Hav.. lat Mondaya In March and September. May ! eontlnue three week". r & oovmtt orrioaas. 1 Rd R. Kone, Judge Connty Conrt. J Jaa.G. Burleson, Diat. and County Olerk. i 8. H. MoBr.de, County A'lorney. i Jas A. Wren Sheriff, J. M. Turner Dnpoy- , , f C. 8. Cock, Ju.iloe of the Peace Pre. No. 1 E. A. VauRhn, " " J , U. C. Hubbi, " J W. W. lck, " " 6 f 1. H.Patteraon, County Treasurer. ", y K. S. ForUuu, Aaaeaeor. i Otto Srooa, Surveyor. ? W. L. Own Oora'r Preolncl so. 1 1 E. Vaunhn H. C. Hubbi, ' " " ' 4 Peter Scbmitt. " " " W. b. Steel, !ontable precinct Ho. 1 . i j.Noien, ' JeppHenaon. " 1 8. H. Stone, " Tiama or soldiho Cooiitv ad Paaoinor OooaTa County Courtfor Criminal. Civil and Probate bua nesa 4th Mondaya in January, April.July.Octo- k Oommlaaloners'Court-Jd Mondaya la f ebruarv. Mat. Ansuat and November. JnatloeOourt, Preclnet !o. 1 Laat Monday lo each month, at San Marcos. , Proclnct No. Idfridayln each month Mt CIT. . iSd " Wlmberley'a Mill. 44th Sat. Dripping Spring. Town orrieR.a. Mayor Hammett Hardy. - .. " Ronneil-W. D. Wood, O W. Donalaon, r.fd Jjhnion. D. A. Glover, ltd. J. L. Oreen, P. J.C. Smith, Dan Holbelnt and Roger Byrne. rarshal Wm. H. Lt.iI. ireet Commlaaioner J. W. Danforlb. . Council meen the irt Tuesday In each montn. Publlo Seheol Trnateos meet llrsl Tuesday In each sasnth .1 tbe MaTor'a office. CHirKC!!:. METHODIST. Preaching at h. Methodist ml w -. ...kV.ik Umm 1 R n.Hlr. Pillftf. uaday Scboolat a. as. Slnginr at S o'clock p. m. 1 ' prayer M ..ting W eane.daj . Toung ..'a pray- 1 ar ma.iing .. Monday slrbt. ' BAPTIST. Preaching at the Baptlat Ch.rch .very Snndav. R. W. n. aVverlev. Potof.' Sunday Srhl attul.au as. Toang aatn'a prajer-; meeting Tolay nih. Coagregattaaal prayer-, 'xneetlng Wednesday nlghl. ' PRr.RmUI.-sms la4 ad 4th Saadsys , acS sio-lh. pat-r. Sa.dav feho.1 every Sabbath .t Praver Urt- j Ing nfft Tt.rsday at f M P. All a'. I.rlted I le.ttrad. f CHlTIA,t. Flder Pseter. gsaday rhl at a. a. A e.rdlal l.vttallM ; tieded t all. PKOTISTAjrT BPICOPAL.-VT.5.B.rs!lev. rastor. !W.mcsthe4adthfdaya ia each aisotb. Pandsy echo! every Sunday. I CATHOUC- svrvioe lh f aaday la aa siib. ( lev. Fslfcar ra:lh paatar. AKEIVAL ASI P f.PAItTt' !: f,P. Ttl ASfl' MOM SAS MAa.ro PyT OFFICK a is trim arrt' at !t . . a t'" nTs .iiJV3 . , '. na ir a-T.r ".; a. aa. ei.d a at s : r'- sitt".s at Tii p sa. Lai,.,. jra a 11 . a'es at ;t.t. T. M. lvmi'i ri.ea. n tla lf. v-a T:t-y 4-.s-tT .? at. P-ldsy , at it. M. Arr'v. n'ay ill ii-nif al f. sirvs V- . drt' n-'i.-v r-a a.Tr.le'lv' . arj t" IP. P. tx'H J'.-r 4sr:sv"i sd t at.4 -at.fe aa' ir-1 s- (wUn -hi'.v a a.':Ter-a mi its pr sftl ass.1 T r K A .?t T DR. N- M. NYE D ENTIST, Johnson Bulldlnr, on the Square. Speoial atteution given to Diseases of tba Mouth aud Facial Neuralgia. Offloo In New Brannfola the last Thursday and Friday in each month nirbly BUSINESS DIRECTORY. BANKERS. GLOVER NATIONAL BANK OF SAN Marcos, North side Plaza. FIBST NATIONAL BANK of Ban Mar cos, Southeast Corner Plaza. LA WYERS. SB. MoBHIDE, Att'y and Land Agent . Office over First National Bank, San Marcos. X0TARY PUBLIC. IH. JULIAN, Judge Wood's New Build . iug, Upstairs. DENTISTS. D K. J. H. COMBS, Judge Wood's New Building, upstairs, DRUGGISTS. RAYNOLDS 4 DANIEL, North side Plaza. DRY GOODS. ED. J. L. GREEN, at the old stand of Groen & Price, Southeast Corner Plaza. DRY GOODS & GROCERIES. I3 T. TALBOT, Next door to First . . National Bank. J OHNSON & JOHNSON, Mitchell Build ing, North side plaza. . DAILEY & BKO., Southwest Corner Plaza. ARCHITECT AND BUILDER. JTl S. MACKIN, Near Northeast corner in . Plnza. g so Series. R 7) W.LEA YELL, South side Public Plnza. r MHOMA3 TAYLOll East Side Plaza. T "AltDY & CO., North side Plaza TINWARE. M B. OWNBY, Northeast of Public . Square. FURNITURE. JW. NANCE, Southeast Corner of Pub . lie Square. . VA TCIIMA KERS & JR WELERS. W. H. BOBBINS, North side Plaza. GROCERIES & HARDWARE. w M. GIESEN, South side plaza. MILLINERY. MRS, RICIIAEDSON, between First National Bank Building and Nance's Furniture Store. SADDLES AND HARNESS. J. R. PORTER, East Side the Square. Our Clubbing List for 1888. W. are prepared to club tb.FRBI PRESS to new or renewing .ubsoribsri with the following publi cations t the rat es specified below, if ordered at the fame tlm. with our paper. In the ttrat column we give the regular price of each publication singly, in th. second ' the price of lb. same end the Fata Pas is together. With the Singly. Free Preaa. .. OS f 1 S6 . . I IS 3 no Anstin Statesman..... Qalveston Hews S. V. Weekly World.. St. Louis Republicac 1 00 76 1 00 J 90 8 00 IN N.T. Ledger... Sew O'leanaTlmea Democrat.. 1 SO 8 10 3 10 3 60 Ml 3 00 3 50 4 M 3 10 3 10 4 so 4 M 3 li 3 k 3. 3 M I 30 lit 4 Mt 3 1i 3 a. 3 1. 4 3 3 ee Louisville (Jourter journal. Texas limngs Farm aud Ranch betroit Free Preaa Saturday Kvanlag Past Sew York Obeervev Atlanta Constttulloa American Aarieulturls.... BdentlBc America a Cetitury Magaxlaa-. St. Hicholaa Harper's Toang People Youth's CosspeiiioS) ..... Atlantic Monthly IJppioctt'a Macatlne KclacUc Maaastne I'hrrawleaical Journal Petervm'a Magastae Popalar Seterte Meotily .. BarpM'a Mowthly Waekly Baaar Oadey'a Lady'. Hk Iewtreai'a MnatLly aelUa'e Magaaiao SsHea Deis Oar little Ore Haaa. aa4 Farm 1 60 1 60 1 00 1 I 00 3 16 1 SO 1 60 3 M 4 00 3 00 1 M 1 T 4 00 5 00 3 00 t a. i e. 4 let 4 M 4 M 3 a. I as) 1 M 3 e. 1 M SA tmrAny 1krr rr or Periodi cal not Mof-f in Ike a-rt ltUfr nificd ft proportion" tr rotr. or or .Itrrd Kforaft'f f phUAtr price, frtr orhttrof rnt-f poulogt fitpaid i U rT'. j fVi aaaaey haws cei hy f .'.'. viTr , aiei petty kle tte aaa.U. aeea. it eV4ir- . It s-wry esewiOeTa.1. avail y awatal Vt. reaSe-eref Vser S trn. j Ti- aae r-ir.; 's? ?-' xa-atw ;'.i a a"l M a aarejjv le a ' r-.. .v-1 : - - t "'- v r,-4 .) mx ta- r-w . A r- My rn"'Vxl Ve, , i iv c rv are a ., . f' mrtfam t. I w- ete-l e. tut Is TWrd solely forth. Ciiruul ooli-pialiits wucn afflktall wi.aiauklnd. 11 Rlvoa tune aud strength to hi.iI.. Arwatis. anu nrrvcts dangemn. displacements and IVri'KUlarU ties, ftisnfaroalvsliieliichaiignafllfe. Iheuseoi ltt:KUI Ll.'S rr.nsi.i. .-vsj"uri. v"t saucy (rvatly relievos Hie palus ofwiillicimHxl ana tromotvs speedy recovery. It senilis nature to .file make til a critical chanac from girl hcKd to arnmanhood. Itlaploaaantto Jie Uito ai;d niay b. BAEea MAI! timca Willi uvriccteAirir. , 4 tvw i f IOfI.I JIT ALLrilU'OOITa. JJJ.MKluaXl)UUUCO..t3oia'rup.,bT.LOUlB. TEE CATJSE 07 EKEUMATISM. It if claimed that rheumatism It sometimes inherited but it is mora like ly that the persons presumed to inherit it are physlcaly constituted the same as their parents and naturaly susceptible to it. If children are ditforentl con stituted from the afflicted parout they do not "inherit it." Biliousness Is as much of an inheritance as rheumatism, as persons of a bilious temperament an most susceptlblo to it and they of coarse get their temperament from their parents. Other authorities claims that rheumatism is caused by the preseuce of uric acid in the blood. Others to taking cold when their is poison circu lating in tho blood, others that it is purely and solely a disease of the ner vous system. It is well known that when persons have acute or inflamma tory rheumatism the bowels are usualy oonstipatcd and the urine scanty, but is that not caused by tho rheumatism rather than tho causo of it, for when the bowols are kept open and the in flammation kept down, a cure is soon produced. The Inflammation must bo kept down until the parts are restored to a healthy condition. This is not theory as a great many severe cases have been cured in that way. The in flammation being deep seated and mostly in the joints, it is difficult to reach and but few external application? will relievo it, there is ono however that will, and that is Chamberlain' Pain Balm, one application is usualy sufficient to reliove the pain and only the worst cases require more than one or two fifty cent bottles to effect a cure. It is the most penetrating liniment known and promptly relieves tho ago nizing pains both of rheumatism and neuralgia. When the parts can be reach ed and the Pain Balm applied directly to the seat of pain, as in cases of burns and -toothacho, it relieves instantly and in cases of rheumatism only a fov, moments are required for its effect to be felt. To keep the bowels opun al ways use St. Patrick's Pills us they nro absorbed into the blood, not through it, purify it and thoroughly cleanjo ti.e whole system. Chamberlain's Cough Remedy Will cure a severe cold in less timo than by any other treatment. It re lieves tne lungs, opens the secretions, renders the mucus less tenacious and easier to expectorate and aids nature in restoring the system to a healthy con dition. Ti freely used as soon as a cold has been contracted and before it has become settled in tho systom, it will often cure what would have boon a sever cold in a single day. It is a cer tain cure for crow For Sule.by Kaynolds & Daniel. WD I f r ppnfa TUP i tit JJEaJflu W ifii-flfUJAntM 7S A LINIMENT PERFECTLY HARMLESS.AMD SHOULD BE USED A rV MONTHS. BEFORE. CONFINEMENT. SEND FOR BOOK 70 MOTHERS i tl-D ATVFTFT tYTPfri II ATflR Co. Htnill AUA wwawm -ana- I. ATLANTA.GA. . j3 For sale by all Druggists and Dealers. THE DIRECT LINE raosi WESTERN TEXAS AND MEXICO, TO ALL roim IB TBS Will HIT. TOT & HIST ta VI THB International & great Jpern rABazBRcaa .Can Take Their Choice of Routes, VIA TAYLOK OH PALESTINE. Oi via lee v. LaCia. laoa I-wtiib a Sarvaaaa Ran-arav. C I oee e'nectl am at Uttl ack lr all Princioal Cities in the Southeast. a tae Cola Detvet at St. Loals with Iiprees traiaaiaati iireciinf. Pullman Palace Sleeping Cars Wtawea HAS JemK. AraTI5. HfrTOS a. ttlt't'Dt, ee el. rial fmM Tars ketweaa SA ASTOSIOaa' IT. LOllt. antkaat Caaaca. ar rev TVl-M. aUtaa.Se, apaly I. aay ef ta TVH yrM, av La I . T. SrnsrS. faa..rT A r-ml. sieavta ! B. VT. MH ri LOl Glf, Cea. faee. 1 rtr At ri'aa, Teaaa WANTED IIS bui u a, -nv aacaj n - "j 1 1 i v THE OLD l'KINTISn ritF.SS. A sonn to the rwsvs. ths Pnntlu( Prosal Of lbs good old-fiwhtoned kind. Ere the Riaut niauhine, with iu pnlse of steam, Elbows It out of mind. In the c'ays of yore Our fathom boar U his sturdy limbs have wrought j Of Iron or oak, Hi. teacliliiR. "poke . Tbe language of burniug thonght. A son to the Press, th Printing Pnil As the carriage rolls ni'rrily along His stout sides grotin, as the bar pulls home, i .a At... itMiMinin'i unlior And tbe crisp, wet sbeot On its errand fleet Ily anxious hands Is apod. Though oft elsewhere It may sorrow bear, ... To tbe priuter's home bnugs bread! Then here's to the Proas the eld Printing rreiwi rrt.A..l. l.t ilavi Ka nnmhfimti now. lll'll)U ! WW . - -. A fond heart weaves of tbe laurel leaves A Rarland to deea nis orow. Though the giaut machine With his pulse of steam Has doomed bis form to decay, His stout old frame From our hearts shall claim Ueuierabrnuue for mauy a day. THE SWEET NAME OF NELLIE. It has Been Immortaliicd and Cher- lshod In Prose aud Poetry. Cblcato Mall. Considerable interest and disoussion have hfiBn caused recently among the youug peo- pie of the city by the action of a young lady residing on tho north side m cnanging her given name from Heine w uoieu. Quite natundly the chief interest has been uroniwd. on tho nart of the young ladies to whose name the appellation is prefixed, but fhA vtmno men have also some reonug iu regard to the subject, and was shown In the letter written by a vounu man on tne woki side who had a sweotheart by tho name, as printed in the Mail. The name Nollie is Mweet and gentle iu sound, and 11 cannoi db said that it is not beautiful. Wlion abbreviated into short 'Nell" it elves ono an idea of a ronipiup, kittenish young lady, whom young men scorn at all tiinew doliVhtod to meet. .However, nemo changes her into a young lady of sweet and gantle disposition. To abbreviate ner r,..n,n hv eullinr her Nell, even afkr mar- riBgo and by her husband, would appe:ir al most to be a sacrilege. Tliore are otuer reasons that might bo urged ngiinst its sdopt'on, aud tlicy m-.gbt prove quite a si t-ioi-.H ono. The first verses In wiucn tuo name Nellie appeared, and which were sot in music, were nt about the time or me flood, so the young man behind the wusio counter says, and they bad been sung of in varioitH and sundry kinds of metre ever since that time. cw verses wuu muiu ... lesB melodious musio continue to come with a frequency which leads one to think that the young ladies bv that name are not nn the deoroase. .notwithstanding the fact that oue Chicago young lady did have her name changed. From the Btory whioh may bo gatuerea from the tenor of the verses tne young ladies with that name are like tho good little boys they always die young, or else are about to reoeivo a proposal of marriage. The songs soem to have been written by npreft lovers to commemorate the death 01 some loved one, or else charm and fascinate some young woman while he tolls his tale of love to her. Thoy were always young women of surpassing charm aud boauty, adorned with all the gifts that nature could endow them with. Another pertinent feature of the song is hat the Nellie always seemed to live in tbe country by a babbling brook, by the moun tain side, or else she raked tho bay. bhe was in all things the embodiment of rural simnlicitv. V.vnrvone has heard the song "Nellie Grav." This oue song proves the three foregoing statements. Nollie lived in a pleasant oot- aoe beside a gentle streamlet Merrily the birds warbled in the willow tree which stood near by. But one morn she said she was "going," and now beneath the bending willows the eentle streamlet's waves moisten the flowers that bloom o'er Nellie's grave. Of her tbe loving swain sang: She grew in form and beauty, Her counsel was the guide Of all who were in sorrow. And many tears she dried; Whenever the sun was shining O'er flow'ry meadows gay, I d'lily went a-roaming With charming Nellie Gray. She called me ber own Willie, And I was happy then, My life seemed full f imnshine While ia tbe willow glen; She often aiioke of home above, I listened loug each day To tbe sweet voice, those words of loye, From charming Nollie Gray. Then romes a hoat of others, and many famous among tbein are "In tbe Hazel Dell My NeU i Sleeping," "Nellie Lost and Gone," "Bright-Eyed Laughing Little Nell of NamtganseU Bay," "Nellie Lost and Found," ';Ncllie, I II Be True to Thee," "Nellie, Darling. Do Kay Yrs," "Nellie Brown," "Nelly Gordon." Xelii Bit b a voire l;ke a tnrtle dows, I Lear it i& de meadows and I bntra it ia le grova. XcLly B!y Iwb a heart warm aa a -np of t. And bifftr dan do fweet potato down ia TODesacv). Wb-n Kelly Wm Rkinrj tbe IUt" U I ,wrtp be ta!e4 r?oioo of U.ia kind, U.a ' tX't re 'it chick rati: Wl,-a X'!'y r-V.nz h bar. So rrft'vi I tu?iL cf tba Jy, S-w-i 1 vl hum f.vt AmI Mw n a ) asrw. At! .1 al Li Hit ns" 'f Mer, Oh. nothina with ber can compart)! ' Not I knew that my fate it was threj 80 often it seems I see har iu my dreams, My Nellie when taking the hay. Dickens Littlo Noll la "Old Curiosity Shop" Las brought more tears to the eyes of readers than any character in notion, either before or after the Curiosity Shop" was written, and she will live in tbe hearts of the people wherever the name Dickens ia known. Weaning Dabtes. When a baby ia nursod by its mothor tbe first groat trial in its life is tbe process of being: weaned. This is a grievous mattor, both to mothor and child, if, as is often the case, it is done suddenly And without any previous preparation. Some weeks beforehand the baby should be taught to drink milk from a cup, and when tbe time arrives one of tbe accus tomed meals should be withheld and a drink of milk, oatmenl gruel, or bread and milk given instead. The next day two should be substituted and so on until it has its natural food only at night, if it is aooustomed to wake and take nourishment. Then a cup of warm milk should be given for it, made a little cooler each night until finally it is given cold. This gradual procoss will bo found easy compared with tho heart rending method of making the change at once from natural to artifical food. How long a child should be nursed depends upon circumstances which vary in each case. Many women cannot stand the strain upon the sys tem for more than a few months, and as a rulo it should not be prolonged beyond a yenr. When a mothor who is nursing a child has a pain in her back, frequent headaches and a sink ing feeling that sometimes passes in to actual iaintnesB she should relin quish tho tnsk as it is beyond her strength, and ner exhaustion wui leu on her child. While she is nursing die Hlionld have more than ordinarily nourishing food; milk, if she can take it, plenty of meat and always at nicrlitn lnrt'e cunful of COCOft. a bowl of bread and milk, or oatmeal grnel, ... . m . 11- or anything she mncies oi a line nature. If tho baby bus to be weaned before it has cut the four first teeth its dint must still consist principally of nnlK. If tins is lounu too consti pating, a toaspoonful or two of warm molasses will somotiraes remedy the difficulty. Good Housekeeping. The Origin of"Mr." and "Mrs." Tho oriffin of Mr. and Mrs., which are now comon property, is not with out interest. In oarlior times the or dinary man was simply William or Johnthat is to say, he had merely a Chriatinn name without any kind of "handle before it or surname after it. Some means of distinguishing one John or one William from another John or another William became necessary. Nicknames, derived from a man's trade, or from his dwolling place, or from some personal pecu liarity, were tncked on to their Chris tian names, and plain John became John Smith. As yet there were no "Misters" in the land. Some John Smith accumulated more wealth than the bulk of his fellows became, per haps, a loaded proprietor, or nn em ployer of hired labor. Then he be- cran to be called in the Norman French of the day the "Maistro" of this place or of that, of these work- men or of tnose. in time me "Jium tre" or "Maister," as it soon became, trot tacked on before his name, and he became Maister Smith, and his wife was Maistress Smith, But grad ually the sense of possession was lost sight of and tbe title was con ferred upon any man who baa attain ed social diritinction of any kind, whether by mere possession of wealth or by holding some position of more or less consideration and importance. It is only within comparatively mod ern times that the term came to be an almost indispensable adjunct to every one's name when mentionod in ordinary conversation or writing. Maistress Smith soon becaino Mis tress Smith. Exactly how and when the term got corrupted cannot be said. Maister Smith, however, re mained Maister Smith long after bis wife became Mistress Smith. The Triumph of Dradlaagh. Mr. Bradlangh's parliamentary oaths bill has the advantage of being extremely ehorL It consists of only two clauses; the debatable part of it inded, of only one. It enacts that every person, upon objecting to being sworn, shall b permitted to make bis solemn amrmation instead oi Liking an oath in all pluces where an oath is or shall be required by law. Tbe affirmation is to be of the same force and efft-ct as the oath, and the penalties for a false affirmation aball be the pf;na;tic- of perjury. Tuns, in form, tbe provision ia alraoft identical with the act for en aiding Quakers to affirm; it only x tnd that ability to all r-ron, wbetbr belonging to one religions di-notiiication or not It applies to jurora and witneru?. and also to all other pa-rennt Lo may ts now eav'Ie.l on to tile an tb: to tb who Live tte tb? oth of a'.;xn. and tvs-n. we s-n; . t.t -,; r tin ! irj-'f 1 t iv'i Tjij ' MIobsou's Choloe." Did you know that this familiar phrase, "Hobson's Choioo," preserves tho memory of a very good aud use ful man. Thomas Hobson was born in 1514; he was" for sixty years a carrier be tweon Jjondon and Cambridge, con veying to and from tho University, letters, packages and nlsopassongors. In addition to his cxpross business, be had a livery stable and let horses to the University students'. He made it a rulo that all tho horses should have, according to their ability, a pro per division of work and rost. Tboy were t ikon out in regular ordor, as they stood, beginning with tho one nearest tho door- No choice was al lowed, and if any man refusod to take tbe animal assigned bitn lie might go without anv. That or none. Honce tho phrase "Hobson 'a Choice." In the spring of 1G30 the plague broko ont in England. The colleges of Cambridge were closed, and among the precautions taken by the authori ties to avoid infection, Hobson was forbidden to go to London. He died in January, 1C31, partly, it is said, from anxioty and fretting at his forced leisure Hobson was one of tho wealthiest citizens of Cam- bridffo. and did much for the benefit of tbe city to whioh bo left several legacies. . His death called forth many poems from members of tbe University, officers and students, among thorn two by the poet Milton, thon a student at Christ a College Wido Awake. Oysters as Food. Chemists say that a quart of ovb- ters contains about the same quanti ty of actual nutritive substance as a quart of milk or a pound of very loan beef, or a pound and a naif of tresn cod-fish or two-thirds of a pound of bread. But the usos of the nutrients vary; for instance, tbe loan meat and cod fish aro most flosh formers, con sisting largely of protein, while the bread, with its starch, Ljiis but little of these, and sorves tho body as fuol and supplies it with heat and muscu lar energy. Oysters come nearer to milk than almont any other common food material, both in amount and proportions of nutrients. Thoir values for supplying the body with material to build up its parts, repair its wastes, and furnish it with heat aud energy are pretty nearly the same. But the cost of tho flosh-forming matorial in oystors is vory high. When they are twffntv-flvo cents a qunrt, the protein that is contained in them costs $1.08 a pound, while tho cost of urotein in milk, at soven cents a quart, is C3 cents a pound; is salt cod-fish, 43 cents; in mackerel, 79; iu wheat flour, 11; and in beef from 63 conts to $1.0fT. Therefore oysters are classed as delicacies rath er than as staple food. But tho de mand for these delioucies is steadily increasing, and under the efforts of tbe shell fish commisHioner of New York tho supply of oysters will soon .enormously increaso within tho wa- tors controlled by that State. uood Housekeeping. I)lH?iistcd With Old Casus. "Cusus Belli bas been tho cause of more wars in this country than all the other foreigners put together," 6aid the driver of a Blue Island ave nue cur as he leaned heavily on bis brake. "Who brought on tho revo lution? Casus Belli. Who started tho war of 1812? Same cuss. Who was it that made ns fit the South in 'Gl? Casus Belli. I see by the morn in' paper that the same beast is fig ged n' on a war with England over a moss of fish. In tho country where I was reared a follow named Boh t wick usod to go round stirrin' up fights between his noighbors. Ho had heaps of fun while it lasted, but one day late in the fall an nncle of mine and tbe Kendrick family sqnatlod themselves in abriiBh heap, and when Bostwick came along they fulled him so full of boles that be fill to pieces when they picked bim up. I'm for choking the gizliird out of this Belli, even if he does come from Ro man and Italian stock. -He's got no bns'ness in a free country. He's wuss'n Satan. How old is ho, any how?" Chicago Herald. Walter Crook, tho senator-elect from Dayton, is an older brother of Oen. Crook, tho Indian fighter. . Tho Brooklyn Republicans will celebrate Abraham Lincolns birth- d.ty with a banquet, and Col. Ingcr 1 soil will respond to the toast "Lin- !,.ln " Rev. R. Hi-tar Newton, who re cnt!y returned to bi ehnrch in New York City after a yetr's alnee in Europe, is in mnch LttttT b alth than wlun be arrive.1, and Lopes soon to be well as ever. Frederick Elliott, who waa ar-iK-ict'-I cvcs'il to the I.lard of St ' Hflena. b-is riTsl urid rt-fnrnoJ H hi, boroo in In'lnnij'ia. Heasy St IIfcln. i. f" l.aml tiat b won dT tht Nr-'on i,nril a lor. a be i ti; ,! on that 1 r-.ry r.rV Mr. I":l-rn Un.lc-1 on t! i land art nul.t HI be rr-. I it in Uiv ily tnr.c 1 V. i sum I tiev ALL 8 OUTS. San Francisco bas a publia school especially for Ceinose. It is thontrht transatlantic) tele phoning would bo possible with a sil ver cablo. Tho worn on of Paris have adopted for the winter season a waggle ia thoir walk. The art of waggling gracefully in furs is being taught ia the best dancing schools, Borry Bowden, a twelve-year-old colored boy of Macon, Go., baa the . . i . i , .I- largest mourn or anyuoay in woe parts. He can bold two ben's eggs in it at onoe without difiiculty, and ia very proud of it. Not many moons niro. seventy pul pits in tho city and en virions of Phil adelphia wero ocoupied oy wpmen. It bas become a moral necesity that woman be freo to cive the world uejr truest, bravest thought. ' Lieut. Ballon will probably pose before the people from the section that grew him as a martyr to trah. This is a favorite dodge wjth men who porpotrate slander on the people of the Sooth. San AmVonio Times. . The Advance read carefully the letter Lientenunt Ballon wrote con cerning San 'Antonio. It wasA.very word tbe truth, line for line. Snn ' Antonio is not the South. It is only an outside prooinct of hell attached to Texas for judical purposes.-- ytaco Auvaooo. At the meetint? of the American Societv of Naturalists at New Havon recently, Prof. Brewer made the rer mnrkablo statoment that the averago longovity of tbe domestio hog is un known, because the poor beast. Lafl never been given a lair show. A Salt Like mother aroso in tba nirrbt nt. Hi nolicitation of her dourh tor and rubbed fifty cents worth of cough medioiue on tho latter'g rheu matic limbs. Tho cure was imme- rlifLfa. hnt the twins returned as soon as tho mistake was discovered, A Prudent Manaorer. Eastern Rnilway Manager: "What's the price of coal now?" Assistant: "Nine dol lurs a ton" "Uiupbl Send word to :- the passenger, brakemen, to nse coal mrv nnnMoiiHlv. We don't want anr mora car stove horrors." Omaha World. , Farmer M. II. Glad man, of Hop kins, Mo., bas found a seven-inch vein of shoe blaoumg on Ins farm, It lies four feet below the surface, and when moistened and rubbed on the shoes makes a fine polish. Mr. Gladman now is hunting a treo tha bears ready made shoe brushes. Thfl Arabs who are to be imported by Mr. Barnum from the Paris Hip- S . m ..'.. .lIltMlllMI. CI It . f pOUrOIIlO KlvO ts yvij uiTMWUK mttvi.. TliArc ia about two hundred of thorn and their entortainment is to tbe life of tho great desert what Buffalo Bill's Wild West show is to t.he Irontiojr life of this country, A peculating student at Cornell University was electrified when te went to obtain a $10 note, part of whioh was protruding from the pock et of a vest hanging in an unoccupied room. A professor bad conneoted tho vest by an elcctrio wire with the signal bell. The victim made a clean breast of his depredation. The Marshall Herald Bays: Gen, Mo Cullogh will probably be the next treasurer of Texas. It is about the time for F. R. Lubbock to step down and out. And the Nacogdoches News: Tbe foregoing expresses our stinli ments. We have, nothing against Lubbock, but tbis thing of a life ten ure in office ought to cease. He has hold offico for abopt thirty-five years, and, while he is a good one, other old patriots deserve some of the hon ors. We hold that the rich as a class are rich because they have taken that which belongs to somebody else. This great battle we have under taken should and will be carried on until every reasonable demand of mind, body and soul shall be grati fied. We baye repudiated tho doc trine that (Jod is respooBioie lor pov erty. The reason why some peopla are on top of the heap financially is not because they are superior to otb-r in brains. it because they are inferior to others in conscience. Rev. Pentecost. After six months of earnest search General John Meredith Rerd baa sue rsWed in findinc lLrou'h tbe kind ; indication f bia learr.eJ frienX Mr. Coot of the BriUh mnatum, an art I togrpb of Ponce de Ln of tVbr t 'ary 21. 121- And tl ronh tue ooor ' toy of the d.atitvnialit-d director of ! tho arrl.it at Sr jlf.. Otn. Read bavs o!U'r.-l a f.imi of the KgnaUjra r..li !.a i ah. ct Lo f.irsri.r I to Ga. ! Jn.f- Grar.t W.Vti. one of fe edi U1 "AT.lt t'.tt AnTCa L-'j- JTr.r.y-i! D CXti VSTT." It wH t n-. t rnfct le lHT4y f l'tn.rr ls.-n. el.irh dl n"r .te ihtj ..lun.e tf lLt ya'rt'. j utt r ; 4 I a arvKW 71... ; t rt -i. -.!,.