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San Marcos free press. [volume] (San Marcos, Tex.) 1877-1892, December 13, 1888, Image 1

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San Marcos I
Free Press
I. H. JULIA-TST, "Prove All Things I Hold Fait that which Is Cood." PROPRIETOR-
I5TH YEAR. SAN MARCOS, HAYS COUNTY, TEXAS, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1888. NUMBER 50,
DR. N M. NYE
DENTIST,
Johnson Building-, on the Square.
flntckl tteotkH pji ven to DineMoi of the
. u.h and Facial Xanrnloria.
- "
mr81y
BUSINESS DIRECTORY.
BANKERS.
LOVER NATIONAL BAKK OF 8 AN
JC Marcos, stna siao rum.
T71IB8T NATIONAL BANK of Ban Max-
J ooi. Bontheast uornerriagA.
LA W7 RS.
n MoBBIDE, Att'y end Land Agent
L5 . Office over First National Bank, Ban
Jiarcos.
NOTARY PUBLIC.
T H. JULIAN, Judge Wood'a New Build-
X. i8. UpBUiw.
DENTISTS.
TV- J. H. COMBS, Judge Wood's New
J Building, opgtatrg.
DRUGGISTS.
T AYNOLDS & DANIEL, North side
JlX Plaza.
DRY GOODS & GROCERIES.
-T) T. TALBOT, Next door to First
JT . National Bank.
JOHNSON JOHNSON, Mitchell Build
ing, North side plaza.
DAILEY fc BBO., Southwest Corner
Plaza.
GROCERIES.
R
W,LEAVELL, South side Public Plaia.
T
HOMA8 TAYLOB East Side Plata.
jPAEDY 4 CO., North side Plaza
FURNITURE.
JW. NANCE, Southeast Corner of Pub
, lie Square.
gggggngew-jx ggg l-UJ
WA TCHMAKERS &JK WELERS.
H. BOBBINS, North side Plaza,
GROCERIES & HARDWARE.
W
M. GUESEN, South side plaza.
MILLINRY
M
R8. RICHARDSON, between First
National Bank Building and Nance s
Furniture Store.
SADDLES AND HARNESS.
f B. POETEB, East Side the Sqnar..
Our Clubbing List for 1889.
W ar prepared to club the FREE PBBSS to new
er receiving subwribars with the following pnbli
ettloni at tie ratal specified below, if ordered at the
me time witb ear paper. In the flrat column we
give the regular price of eacb pnMleation singly,
la the leoond the prlee of the same and the Faaa
Fiats together. . .
With the
Singly. Free Press.
Austin Statesman....
Galveston News
X. T. Weekly World.
St Loslt keoublloao
$ z 6
3 00
! ?
1 26
. 1 00
1 00
4 o 1
s 10 j
K.I. Ledger S 00
Hew Orleans Tim Democrat.. 1 SO
Louitville Courier Journal 1 SO
Texas Sifting 1 SO
Farm and Hanch 1 00
Detroit Free Pre ...'. 1
Saturday Evening Peat 1 00
Hew York Observer S 16
Atlanta Cooetttutlon 1 60
American AgricaUurist 1 60
(dentine American 8 80
Century atagesiue- 4 00
St Nicholas S 00
Barper'e Young People 1 60
Teutb'e Companion 1 T
Atlantic Monthly 4 00
Llpptncott'e Magasin S 00
Bcleetie Magailne ( )
Phrenological Journal 1 00
Peterson's Magailne t 00
Popular Seienee Monthly S 00
Good Boottkeeplng S 60
Barper'a Monthly 4 00
' Weekly 4 SO
" Baxar 4 0.
Ooaty's Lady's Bok S 00
ttomoreei'e Monthly S 00
Ballsu'e atagasiee 1 60
Uoldre Dave S a
S 10 '
S S4
S 16
S 30
S60
4 60
5 00
t C
S 35
' "
!I5
t 60
s o
4 6
3 40
40
Oar Little Onee 1 60
Home and Farm 60
S&'Ahu other paper or periodical
ot included in the ahore f,Hr
nUhed at proportionate rate, or or
dered eparatelg at publisher price,
free of charge and pottage prepaid in
all canft.
The many leaoe. eaaard hy failare. robbery of
ad petty tkofla oat of the maila. k. it aelato
ly aeeeaaaary ta aewd eeenH treble aama by aaatal
wrder, regiMcred totter a ra.
Tae aaft arrlTo) of all poWtoatiaM gaaraaio4.
IfetW a roaeoaakt Uai ear ntvnkn faile to
"rta the paMteatlaa M tor. eMtify a by uetl
aard Ual taw error. If any, aaay W inaptly -rotted.
" VIhy eroM wbe pasr
oMih dot, eernvtir trii. wVk to orido
raHefcr baa awaa aad
rrte
oe ike I
PATENTS.!
Cewta.ad Tiwdr avai. 4 all paw a I
"f". aoard -r IOrt a I rr.FS.
ts or r icg iiex-rotiTi c. . ra-vifT or-1
.rcX- ltmHtornn.ill a:"e t-
"" eaa tct mitamii
T - COST lb.
a. aM. Iwm r. arhb r - aaa 1
" a" f aaa. frea afttoie Oar
" eltiw year eera Sim, eaajaay . or
"to lUn
A . OOVT afc CO,
No. Universal Remedy
has yet been discovered ; but, as at leant
four-IUths of buuiau diseases have tlmir
source in Impure Blood, a imidicine
which restores that fluid from a de
praved to healthy condition ooiucs as
near bolng a universal cure as any Hint
can be produced. Ayer's SarsaparUln
alTucts the blood in each atago of its
formation, and is, therefore, adapted to
a greater variety of complaints than any
other known mediulne.
Boils and Carbuncles,
which defy ordinary treatment, yield to
Ayer's Sarsaparilla after a comparative
ly brief trial.
Mr. C. K. Murray, of Charlottesville,
Vs., writes that for years he was at
flic tod with boils which caused him
much suffering. These were succeeded
by carbuncles, of which he had several
at one time. He then began the use of
Ayer'a Sarsaparilla, and after taking
three bottles, the carbuncles disap
peared, and for six years he has not had
even a pimple.
That insidious disease, Scrofula, is
the fruitful cause of innumerable com
plaints, Consumption being only one of
many equally fatal. Eruptions, ulcers,
sore eyes, glandular swellings, weak
and wasted inusclos, a capricious appe
tite, and the like, are pretty sure indi
cations of a scrofulous taint in tho
system. Many otherwise beautiful faces
are disfigured by pimples, eruptions,
and unsightly blotches, which arise
from impure blood, showing the need of
Ayer's Sarsaparilla to remedy the evil.
All sufferers from blood disorders
should give Ayer's Sarsaparilla a fair
trial, avoiding all powders, ointments,
and washes, and especially cheap ana
worthless compounds, which not only
fail to effect a cure, but more frequently
aggravate and confirm the diseases they
are fraudulently advertised to remedy.
Ayer's Sarsaparilla,
PBEPAEKD B7
Dr. J. C. Ayer & Co., Lowell, Matt.
Sold by sll Druggists. Frio 81 ; aix bottlet, t&
CBOUF.
RMDl RRtDWO THAT WHi PBOTt rXTEnV
ESTTSU TO YOUNS MOTHERS.
BOW TO GUARD AQAIN8T THE DISEASE,
Croup Is the terror of young mothers
especially during the early winter
months, M it is then most prevalent.
To post them conoornlng the cause,
first symptoms, treatment and how to
prevent it, is the object of this article.
The origin of oroup is a common cold,
children that are subject to it tako cold
very oaeily and croup is almost sure to
follow. The first symptoms of orortp is
hoarseness, It Is a peculiar hoarseness,
easily recognized and once heard al
ways remembered. Usually a day or
two before the attack, tho child be
comes hoarse And gradually shows
symptoms of having taken cold, and
this is where the) mistake is usually
nmrln tli a tnnthar thfnkinrr ho.r child
h , rt k mU ive. t igX
, ter.tion until awakened In the nleht
by the violent coughing of the child,
finds it has the oroup and re mo in be rs it
has had a oold or been hoarse for a day
Or two. Such oiroumstanoes often oc
cur, and in many cmm the mother has
nothing in the house That will relieve it,
and may be several miles from a physi
cian or drug store. You can well im
agine the situation and her distress.
The time to act is when the child first
becomes hoarse or shows symptoms of
having taken cold; if Chamberlain's
Cough Remedy is freely given from
that tima on, all tendency to oronp will
disappear and all danger be avoided.
The remedy prevents fully ten thous
and cases of croup every year. It is
'the main relianoe with many mothers
throughout the Western States and
: TanHtnries! thev have learned its value
and how to use It, and in those families
erouo is seldom known because it ' is
-lwara nrevented.
2 ?S The best treatment forcroup is Cham
? eo berlain's Cough Remedy used as di
s 60 rected with each bottle. Careful in-
,0 : auiry fails to reveal a single cae where
! IS it has ever failed although agreat many
4 is ' tevere and dangerous oases have been
s so onred bv it Can any mother who has
4 so iginall children auora to Dewunoui idcd
I !5 ! a remedy. It costs but fifty cents, can
m the afford to take the chances torso
trivial an amount.
A Good Liniment
When you ncW a good liniment try
Chamberlain's Pain Balm. It euros
Cnr.im t.amd Rack. Rheumatism.
Neuralgia. Cuts, Brusca. Burns Scalds
anH TLhacha, fiO ceni and doUar
botUaa.
For Sale by Raynolds & Daniel
titat
-1 saav 99 A" " f -i r
VaMHSUISEASE
ijjiu Poveeful. Tciac
tPf AIIGlE'UF'I-I-FE
far a T aJIlrragf 1 1 " '
for T-.f-
i n.DMsr.uxiA
The President's .Parting Counsel to
Congress.
A BLOW TO TRUSTS AND MONOPOLIES
The Tariff Policy Introduced In Bis Mee
auge ol Laat Voar Adhered to Our For
eign Ralntlon. lit SatUfaclary Condi
tion Tli. aokrlll. Incident Rafarrad
to A B.vl.w of th. ABalra of the
Nation.
To TH OcmnRKaa of Tn Uxmo 8tates: As
you aaaamble fur th. diaebnrge of the dutie. you
bare aiwunird aa the rupraanutaUvea of a frt and
svneruua peuplo, your mooting is marked by au
Tutemtlng and linpreaaire iucidunt. VNIUi the
expiratlou of tli. proaeni awwlon of the cnuKrvaa
the flrat oeutury of our oonatltutional .xiatenco aa
a nation will be oomnleUMl. Our aurvtraJ fur 100
yeara la not autDcitint to auure ua that we no
lungor bare dangera to fear In tho niaiutananc
with all Its promiiMMl bleHHinga of . guverutneut
founded on the freedom of the peopla. The time
rallior sdmonialiea ua to aolierly iuqiiira
whether In Uie past wa hat's olwaya
dov.'ly kept In the course of safety,
anil whether we have before us a way plain aud
clear which leada to happlnoHS and periMtulty.
The citiwn of our rupubllo In Its early day rig
idly Insisted upon full compliance witb the let
ter of this bond, and saw atretchlnc out before
him a clear field fur individual endeavor. Hla
tribute to the support of hla government waa
measured by the coat of Its economical mainte
nance, and he was secure in the enjoyment of
the remaining rocotnprnaa of hw atoady
and couu-nted toiL In those (lava the
frugality of the people was Btamped upon their
Bovermneut aua wua euioreeu oy tne iree,
loughtful and intelligent aullrage of Uie citi
zens. Combinations, monopolise aud aggrega
tions of capital were either avoided or sternly
regulated ttnd restrains!. The pomp aud glitter
of governments less free, offered no temptation
and presented no delusion to the plain people
who,Ride by side iu friendly competition, wrought
for the enuoDieuieni aim uiguuy oi muu, tor tne
Solutiou of the problem of free government and
for the achievement of the grand destiny awuit
Inif the hind which (1ml had riven them. A cen
tury has passed. Our cities ore the abiding places
01 wealth anu luxury; our msumncturee yiem
fortunm uever dreamed of by the fathers of the
republic; our business men are madly striving in
the race for riches, and immense aggregations of
capital outi uu tiie imagination iu the muguitude
of their undertakings.
When the exeriment of our government was
undertaken the chart adopted for our guidance
was the constitution. Departure from the Hues
there laid down in failure. It la only by a strict
adherens to the direction they indicate aud by
restraint within tho limitations they llxthatwe
can furnish proof to the world of the lltua-M of
the American people for self-government. The
equal and exact justice of which we boast ait the
underlying principle of our institutions shuuld not
be couflnel to tne relations of our citizens
to each other. The government itself Is under
bond to the American people, that In the exercise
of Its functions aud powers it will deal with the
body of our citizens in a manner scrupulously
honest and fair, and absolutely just. It bos
sgred that American citizenship Buall be the ouly
credtuiitil necessary to justify the claim of
equality before the law, and that no condition in
U?e "hall give rise to discrimination In the treat
ment of the people by the government.
We view with pride und satisfaction this bright
picture of our country's growth und prosperity,
while only a closer scrutiny develops a sombor
sliadiug, upon more careful inspection we flud tho
wealth aud luxury of our cities mingled with
poverty aud wretcnedneRS and uureuuiiieiativo
toll. A crowded and constantly Increasing urban
nomilafiou siiL'ircHtH tho imuoverishinent of rural
s ct o : aud discontent with agricultural pmwilts.
Tiie farmer's son. not satisfied with his futher's
simple aud laborious life, joins the eager chase
for easily acquired wealth. We discover that the
fortunes realized oy our mamiiacuirers are uu
longer solely by reward of sturdy industry
and enlightened foresight, but that they
result from the discriminating favor
of the government, and are largely
built upon undue exaction from the masses of our
people. The gulf between employers and the em-
floyed U constantly widening aud classes are rig
dly foriniug, one comprising the very rich and
powerful, while in another are found Uie toiling
poor.
As we view the achievement of aggregated cap
ital, we discover the existence of trust, combi
nations and mouopolies, while the citizen Is strug
gling tar in the rear or is trampled to death be
neath an iron beeL Corporations, which should
be the carefully restraiued creatures of the law
and the servants of the people, are fast becoming
the people's musters. Still congratulating our
selves ui on the wealth and prosperity of our
country, and complacently contemplating every
incidont of change inseparable from these condi
tions, it is our duty as patriotic citi
zens to inquire at the present stage
of our progress How tho bond of the government
mode with the people has been kept aud per
formed. Instead of limiting the tribute drawn from our
citizens to the necessities of its economical ad
ministration, the government persists in exacting
from the substance of tho people millions which,
unapplied aud useless, lie dormant iu its treasury.
This flagrant Injustice and this breach of faith
aud obligation add to extortion the danger at
tending the diversion of the currency of the
country from the legitimate channels of business.
Under the same laws by which these result are
produced, the government permits many millions
hiore to be added to the cost of the hviug of our
people and to be taken from our consumers,
which unreasonably swell the profit of a small
but power! ul minority. The people must still be
taxed for the support of the government under
the operation of tariff laws, but to the extent that
the mass of our citizens ere inordinately burdened
beyoi.d any u eful public purpose, and for the
benefit of a favored few, the government, under
pretense of an exercise of ita taxing power, en
tera gratilusly Into partnership with these favor
ites to their advantage and to the injury of
vast majority of our people. This is noti-quality
before the law. The exiting situation is lujuri
oils to the health of our entire body politic. It
stifles in those all patriotic love of country and
substitutes in its place selfish greed and grasping
avarice. Devotion to American citizenship for
iu owu sake aud for what it should accomplish,
a a motive to our nation's advancement
end the happiness of all our people, is displace I
by the Assumption that the government, iustead
or being the embodiment of equality. Is but an in
trumeutaiity through whicn especial aud indi
vidual advantages are to be gaiued.
The arrogance of this aaxiiniption I uncon
cealed. It appears in the sordid disregard or all
but personal iniereata. in the refusal to abate for
the b- neflt of others one iota of Hellish advant
ages and In combinations to perpetuate such ad
vautagea through effort to control legislation
and iiupropeily influence the suffrage of the io
pie. The grievauce of those mt included wlthui
the circle of tlie-w beneficiaries, when f uily real
ize.!. ill eiirrly arouse uxilati and "lis
content. Our funner. longulTering and
patietil, struggling in th. race of life wlih the
f..r,ll n.l nuL Uliref .lil tlDff loll, will DO full to
ae. in tpileof misrepre,,t,'u" "1 misleading
fallavi-. that lliey are obl.ge.1 to acrv-i a. n j
prHw for their product aa tired in f n-um mar- ,
let, abere llier o.mp-te with tu fanner, of U:
world: that llieir laud" .re d-ritning la value j
whiie ib.-ar de. i.K-rvasr; aud that, without ,
couipeiiMting favors Uiey are wr-d by Uie m- (
tMMol lie' government lo pay for tie- be "Hit ;
otfcer uk b ruba -d f the thiug they i
wwd. luat tli. acoc'y return of I
tajeir laiw fail to fiu-ut-. the.r urpnrt
or kavr o imivm f-w at-cumiuaitoti. Oar 'rk- i
InruM. ralraochl-J frmn alt iW'i.He aud no I
kn.rer InhteursJ by th cry that lhr r are
evxjner-d by a J " revi of mir tana la. t
wul reaeooabiy A-uai..l tiinnirh acj tsi
rdVreiii i,.ymei.r'ije UnH '4 living lo I
lanriMwf eoka f.ir te-i"i and lie-ir ,
catvlrva frun tb-of r-Tjel.l et-viuele, I
awl ae .m d. to to-ar Jaao-eient tero'l t
the kau ol ialnf ckmm. th-r erf our
c bsa K.ae- mf'ar. aaai eip-dilor-a ww j
i m,,rx I t-y Mlar-a sod flse4 anmaes
wul Nfee4 ar th- lir-i aa4 ) r-m M cb-aae
w.ti..a Umtuumnrv tut taaiiaaa iv a4 j
KU.iMtAM rftaj. to. eft. iaibsr
omhwa jtwi: ei-r osar law tuer. aaj
br alea u 4iowaveait at Uw wan o.ner rroaa '
a a.nwul. we malia ifce 't tbaa
ejrf-eve f asr
tae utrv'M a4
pal it Mf tae pmtrrtt
ar fe- mrm e j
m A wt-m '- rvtl t owitw tb 4
eevitr vM7 4 e.fu
.rKie.l')'""' n"l lr
onm.M f fe-rry aaJ iw .
e.ae-f -4 T ai "--
...a w4 cv tt WKtrf "
. - ii.- an a l ai tat lm
r e Ma !
J0T te r. ut ito-y
i.l jr,. . - to--" r I-
tenJtrf e- l' I"- ''",r"-
hi v--rt t mm4
leMHTof JrtcUrUtoahlir aTahaiueraaslDipd
alt lob.
A lust and sanalbto rev It ion of our tariff laws
hould be mad. for th. rtdlef of Iboaaof our
oountmnra who auffer under preeaut oondiUooa.
guuu a rwrlaioa sboulJ rooelv. the
support at ail who lor. ins
luetic aod equality to A mar lean clliasnablpi of
all who mailt, that In tlila juauoa and equality
our govenuent finds Its etrougth aod lu power la
Erotect the cltuutn and hla property; of aJI who
nlleve that the contacted oompslaaoa and oom
fort of many aicord belter w Ilk the spirit of our
institutions than colossal fortunes unfairly
gathered In the hands of few; of all who appre
ciate that the forbearance and fraternity among
our people, which recognla. th. value of every
American Interest, are thai surest guarantee of
our national progreaa, anurof all who desire to
m the nnxliiria of American skill and luireoultr
lu euery market of Uu wrld with a reaultanl
reauiratlnn of American eosimeroa,
Tba necearlty of the reduction of our revenue at
so apiuirvnt aa to be generally coucuded, but th.
means by which this and ahall be accomplished
ud the sum of direct henrfl,u which ahaU result
to our cltlsena, present a sontroveray of th. ut
most Importanne. There should be no scheme ac
cepted aa satisfactory by which the burdens of
the neopl. are only apparently removed. Ex
travagant appropriations of public money with
all their demoralizing consequence, should not
be tnloratexL either a a mean of relieving th.
treasury of lu present surplus or aa furnishing
pretexts for resisting s proiier reduction iu tariff
ratea. Existing evils and Injustice, should be
honestly recognized, boldly met and effectively
remedied. There should b. no cessation
or the struggle uutll a plan la perfected,
fair and conservative toward existing Industrie,
but which will reduce the oost to consumers of
th. necessaries or life while it provide for our
manufacture rs the advantage of free raw
materials aud perraiU no lujury to th. Interest
of American labor. The cause for which th.
battle Is waged is comprised within lines clearly
nil distinctly defined, aud II abould never be
compromised. It is the people's cause.
It can not be denied that the selfish aud private
luteresM which are so persistently beard when
efforts ore mad. to deal In a lust and compre
hensive manner witb our tariff laws are related
to. If they are not responsible for, th. sentiment
largely prevailing among the people that the gen
eral government ie the fountain uf individual and
private aid; that it may be expected to relieve
with paternal care the distress of citizens and
communities, and that from tne fullness of IU
treasury it should, upon th. slightest possible
pretext of promoting th. general good, apply
public funds to the benefit of localities and Indi
viduals. Nor can It be denied that there la
growing assumption that, as against the govern
ment aud iu favor of private claims aud Inter
ests, the usual rules and limitations of business
principles and just dealing should be waived.
These ideas have been unhappily much encour
aged by legislative acquiescence. ltellef
from contract made with the gov
ernment is too easily accord od In favor
of the citizen. The failure to support claims
against the government by proof Is often sup
plied by no butter consideration thou the wealth
of the government and the poverty of the claim
ant. Oratuities lu the form of peuslous are
granted upon no other real ground than tho
needy condition of the applicant or for
reasons less valid, and large sum
are expended for public - buildings
and other improvements upon representations
scarcely claimed to be related to public needs and
necessities. The extent to w ill h the considera
tion of such matters subordinate and postpone
action upon subjects of great public Importance,
but Involving no special privute or partisan inter
est, ahould arrest attention and lead to reforma
tion. A few of the numerous Illustrations of this
condition may be stnted. The crowded condition
of the calendar of the supreme court, and the
delay to suitors and denial of justice resulting
therefrom, has been strongly urged UHn the at
tention of congress with a plan for the relief uf
the situation approved by those well able to
judge of Its merits. While this subject remalu
without effective consideration many laws have
been passed providing fur the holding of terms
of inferior courts at places to suit the conveni
ence of localities, or to lay the foundation of an
npphcatiou for tho erection of a new public build
lug.
Repeated recommendation3 have banu submit
ted for the amend uient aud chungeof the law
relating to ourepiibllo lands so that their spolia
tion aud diversion to other u B than as homes for
honest settlers might be preveuted. While a
measure to meet this conceded neces-ltyof re
form remains awaiting the action or congress,
many claims to tin public lunds und application
for their donation in lavor of stales and individu
als have been allowed.
A plan in aid of Indian msuagemont, recom
mended by those well informed as containing
valuable features in furtherance of the solution
of the Indian problem, has thus far failed of leg
islative sanctlou. while grants of doubtful expj
diency lo railroad corporations, permitting them
to pas through indiau reservations, have greatly
multiplied.
The propriety and necessity of the erection of
one or inure prisons for the confinement of United
States convicts, aud a postnfllce building iu the
national capital, are not disputed, liut these
needs yet. remain unanswered, while scores uf
public buildings have been erected where their
necessity for public purposes is not apparent.
A revisiou of our pension laws could easily be
made, which would rest upon just principles aud
provide for every worthy applicant. But while
our general pcu.lon laws remaiu confused and
Imperfect, hundreds of private pension laws are
auuually passed, w bicu are the sources of unjust
discrimination and popular demoralization.
Appropriation bills for the support of th.
government at e defaced by items und provisions
to meet private euds, aud it is froelyliassnrted by
responsible and experienced parties that a bill
appropriating money for public Internal iniirovo
nient would fail to meet with favor unless it con
tained more for local and private advantage than
for public benefit. These statements can be much
emphasized by an ascertainment of tho pruKr
tiou of federal legislation which either lieais
upon Its face its private character or which iiKin
examination develops ueh a motive power.
Aud yet the people wait and expect from their
chosen representatives such patriotic action as
will sdvauce the welfare of the entire country;
and this expectation can only be answered by the
performance of public duty with uuseiiish pur
pose. Cur mission among the nations of the
earth and our success in accomplishing the work
God bos given the American people to do require
of those entrusted with the making and execu
tion of our laws ierfeot devotion above all uthi
things to the puhlie good.
This devotion w ill lead us to strongly resist nil
lmHttiei ccof constitutional limitation of fed
eral power, and to persistently check the Increas
ing tendency to extend the scope of federal legls.
lution Into the domaiu of state and local Jurisdic
tion, upon tho plea of subserving the public
welfare. The preservation of the partition lie
tween prop, r subjecU of federal and local care
and regulation is of such importance under the
constitution, which Is the law of our v. ry exla
tence, that no consideration of expedioocy or
aenilment should tempt us to enter up.ni iIoii.k
ful grounds. We have undertaken lo discover
aud proclaim the richest bl.waiug of free gov
ernment, with the coustiiuiion a our guide, le-t
is follow th war It p ints out. It will not mis
lead us. An 1 surely no one who has lakeu uMn
uim-ir the solemn obligation to upK.r. and
preaenethe constitution cau find juiiflrutinu
yr solace for disloyally in the excuse thnl he
wandered and disols-yed In search of a better way
to reach tb. public welfare than the constitution
offers.
What has been said la deemed not Inv.p-opri-ate
at a time when, irom aeentury's liei.ht. we
view the way already irod by the AmerH-an poo
i le and attemiKlo Una-over their future ih
Tiie seventh preaideol of the United Klal.n tile
snl iler and statesman, and at ail threw Hie firm
and brave friend of tiie people- in vimlic-lion of
hi. enura aa a nro'lor of pni.llMr r it Ills
aud champion of true American cltizs.uihip. de
clared "Tims ambition which leads me on si an
anu deur and Bled determine! U ra
Oore to the people unimpaired the Mere.1 tnist
I hey hare confldVI to my charge. Tu heal I ho
wound of Ui. cooUtutioo and to preserve it
from further violation To persuade my country
am en (ar aa I may. that a ie as iu a M-k-ut'el
g.nrernmenl supported i y powerful Hpo-"
aiidariiMocrali.-aleatal4U.hia.-ot thai th-y ai.l
Aud happtB-M. or their lihe, M' pnAt-U m. b it
in a pla a ytem. voej of poenp- prole.-ting all
aod cranio favors to a- diieuamg ll lV
n.gn like 1M Jew 'if been. ncaneei ud not Jt
.ifHIlM treatise and beauty they rrolnbol
to id a It at awn a rorineot that lie.
rrwi'i- yt our pei-v" rvsq.un.-i-h o a ouly
uasW h-a our fttaJ.-s star r-mar. for aY to
one, mm led. ta-ueparao. aaH frew."
la lerrauaa-- of a roiiutol pHwrtofrto re I
qiKnag I be prwievl fr Uo to Umr Iv gie
toltounniu tofurwiaim. of the Male of tin
(atasv I aa-e the mtafaeUoai to Hmar tint
rw of la year U Cote siie
iaa e rtrmm at Vwetie Lraaqility aa-lat
rT wti. aS tar a-'. 8ao rat to aoeatl .
OUT ! ..-ew ,
lm,f-w: trr iitraajw teros
, d new a by - and whw. 4
4 aey. roaaatere aad r 1,J t
tn'ltiitiienouajs ilr wrulnaia
ii r.v- aJ aetiwanewt a-w a r.aa
,Ut a uai tj Star of a-te a-rrtatra
a- Tte ie l -eeg ayt,-. '4 et. ie
tmmm IS IfcSal aaawea ai av w v vw (
ut a. asw mmfOi aa:efc ad;-t
Wa hy fraa ti"l traaJaa-Ml Tmmm i
t-a i,aaea tergal trA aw4 tlel art. K-Iv .
r-a-t, t Uj r.rr '4 tam-u l'-e-i w a
aer i.-ar'y aw4 . 1 1 aat l I i -1 p t Wit ,
It Mat aaleea T t in e fw-l4 I .
hvr a amy are aat aausacbaily ma .-eS i
ftmm aaaiLer wee fDf treats to ae a-.wv
l.t'4MMS' ioa.SS.iSrn v --
SconveoUoa" oodcluded' un3 mfautorlr wlta
bar majesty's rornuaDt on th. lou of rwnruv
ry laat, for Ua removal of all oauses of misuse
nanttandlng waa aubmltted by nv for th. ap-urovalc-f
the senale.
Tlii treaty baring been rejected by tb. senate
I tranainitied s measa-a to the oongreas oa lha
Vi of August laat, reviewing the tranaaatioB and
uhmittlug forcoaaidaraUon certain recommend
a lions forirgislatloa ooncerulug tb. Important
nueations Involved. Aftaa-wards, on tli. I -Mil of
Kantembar. lu rwponan to a reaolutioa of vS
at, agaia aammunioated fully all the lnformav
Uoa in my pa tu Hon aa lo th aotion of th. gov
ernment of lnada affecting th. commercial relay
tiuo betwe. tho Dominion and lb. Uoltod Butts,
including th treataieut of AoMrloan flahlnf
asl In UK pons and water, of British Rorta)
America. The ooniiminloatlona bar. .11 been
nulilUhf-d. d Iherefora enenad to lb.
knowledge of both house of oongreea, although
two were addressed to lha senau atone. Uont
meut upon or repetition of their ooutonU would b.
auprfluoua,and 1 am not aware that anything has
ainoe occurred whiuh should b. added lo the facu
therein stated. Therefore, I merely repeat a ap
plicable to th. present time th. statement which
will be found in my mistage to th. senate of
Bept IS last, 'That ainos March S, lan7, no
on, has been reported to th. department of eUt
whereiu complaint has been mod. or uufrlentlly
or unlawful ti-ealment of American ressela on tb.
part of the Canadian authorities, In which repar
ation waa not promptly and aallafoctorily ob
tained by th Uuited buttee Ounsul general at
Halifax.
Having essayed In th. discharge of my duty to
procure by negotiation th. aotUenieot of a long
standing causa of dispute sod to
remove a constant menace to the good relatione
or the two coiiutriea,and oouUiiultig or the opluloa
that tli. treaty of February last, which failed to
receive the approval of th. senate, did aupply
"A satisfactory, practical and dual adjustment
upon a baxta honorable and just to both parties of
the difficult and vexed question lo which ll re
lated;" and having euiwequeutly aud unavall
Ingly recommended other legislation to cougre
which I hoped would suffice to meet the exigency
created by the rejection of Ui. treaty, 1 now
again Invoke the earnest and immediate atten
tion of th. congress to th. oondlllon of tills Im
portant question as It now stands before them
and the country and for th. settlement of which
I sm deeply solicitous.
Near Uie close of th. month of October, lost,
occurrence of a deeply regre table nature were
brought to my knowledge, which made It my
painful but Imperative duty to obtain with as
little delay an possible a new personal ohauuol ot
diplomatic Intercourse in this country with th.
government of Ureal Britain. The correspond
ence in relation to this incidnut will In due course
be laid before you aud will disclose the unpardon
able conduct of the official referred to iu his In
terference by advice aud counsel with the
suffrages of American citizens in Uie eery crisis
of the presidential election, then near at hand,
and also iu his subsequent public doclaratious to
Justify hi action, superadding impugnment uf
the executive and senate of the Uulled Hlates,
In connection with important questions now
pending in controversy between the two govern
ments. The offense thus committed was most grave,
Involving disastrous possibilities to the good re
lations of Uie United Slate and Grant Hi Italn,
constituting a gross breach of diplonntlc privi
lege and invasion of the purely dome-tlu altairs
and essential sovereignty of the government to
which the' envoy was accredited. Having first
fulfilled tho just demands of international com
ity by affording full opportunity for her ma
jesty's government to act In relief of the situa
tion, I considered prolongation of discussion to
be unwarranted, and thereupon declined to fur
ther reeognlze the diplomatic character of the
pesson whose continuance In such functlun
would destroy that mutual confidence which is
essential to the good understanding of the two
?;overnmeots, and was inconsistent with the wel
areaad self-respect of the government of the
United 8 tales. The usuul InterchniiKO or com
munication has since com ioued through her ma
jesty's legation In this city.
The president then calls attention to th. neces
sity of action for the protection of the fur seal In
dustry In lielirlug sea, and hojics soou to submit a
satisfactory solution of tiie.inutier to the senate;
ftlso to tho importance of establishing ton tiomP
dary lino between Alaska aud British Columbia:
the desirability of reaching an agreement with
Ureal Britain In regard to alleviating tho danger
to lire and property on the great hikes hy reci
procal action, which has not been rescued be
cause Canada has not acted concurrently with
us; the protection of our citizen of French origin
from the cluluis of that government for military
service In w hich connection he sees uo occasion
fur us to recede from our position on tho subject.
He refers feelingly and nulogistlciilly to the late
emperor of Uerinany, uutl then culls attention
lirielly to the statu of affairs iu Hainoa. referring
congress to the stotcmeuta already laid before it
ou I bat subject.
I announce with sincere regret that Hnytl has
again become Uie theater ot Insurrection, dls
order and bloodshed. The titular government of
President Salomon has been forcibly overthrown,
and he driven out of the country to France, whom
he has since died. The tenure of power has beeu
so unstable amid the war uf factious that has en
sued since the expulsion of President .Salomon,
that no government constituted by the will of
the Hnytlau people has beeu recognized as ad
ministering responsibly the affairs of that coun
try. Our representative has been Instructed
to abstain from interference between
the warring factious, and a vessel of our navy
has been sent to Haytleu waters to sustain our
minister and for the protection of the persons
and property of American citizen. Due precau
tions have been taken to enforce our neutrality
laws and prevent our territory from becoming
(tin have nf milltarv siiimlies for either of the
warring factious. Under color of a blockade, nf
which no reasonable notice bad been giveu and
which does not appear to have been elllcliuilly
maintained, a seizure of vessels under the Ameri
can ting has beeu reported, aod hi consequence
measures to prevent and redress any molestation
of any of our innocent merchantmen have beou
adopted.
Proclamation was amy maae on mo vtu any oi
i I u .f. n . I . iMi...nllnnal
IMiiRluwir, lew, ... mid .... ,-..
of the treaty of June a, 18HS, with Hawaii under
which relations ot sucn specuu anu ueueucuu iu
tercourse have been created.
ti,a nmaidnnt then announces that so far the
Chinese government ha not made any claim on
the mooer anpropriateu tor inuemiiny w cimnn
for injuries infliuied by mobs in this countr;
-y, anil
hopes that the cessation of the influx of Chinese
into this country will remove a cause of unkind
feeling. He also refers briefly to our relations
with japan, uoren, rersia auu ouier niumn,
and urges tho conclusion of a reciprocity treaty
with Mexico: congratulates Braif on the total
abolishment of sluvnry, and slates our relatii.ns
with Chill, Peru, Veiiecuela, and oilier Kouih
American countries, none or wincii are aiiyuiiug
but friendly. Of the "All-American" congress he
As authorized by the congress, preliminary
steps hav. been token for the assemblage at Uil
capital during the coming year or tb represent
live of South and Central Ainerban statoa,
together with thoae of Mexico, llaytl and Han
Douiinso. to discuss sundry important monetary
and commercial topics. KxcepUng lu those com
where, from reasons or contiguity ui territory
and the existence of a border hue incapable ot
being guarded, reciprocal commercial tree tie
nay be found expedient, It la believe.! Uiat froesr
mutual exchange of product can be moat ad
..ninvivHi.lv ar ran red bv indeisfiident but co
operative legislation, lu Uie mode hut nieuliuoed
ii. enuir,.! uf our Uxatioo for r. v.-noe will It
v I wars retained In our uwa hands. rvui.-tel hy
coaveotluuai agreauieuta wilb uIIkw guvaru-
inenu.
u lih the ranld Increase of Immigration lo our
shores and the facillibtof modern navel, ahsiae
of t lie generou privilege affir..d lir mirnit
urallaiion bias cb fisr their can-ful re.laion.
The eay and iinguanled manuer bi which cvtiiii
cat of Amerh-au citl-iinp can he olsaloeri ha
i IlK-ed a rlaaa. Ulitorlilnateiy urr. in aval.
I hemselvea of lha oj.H-i unity lu bnent alvdvel
from allegiaiMW lu tlasr aaU.a btu.1. and yet l,y a
rnr-m rMnlMM. tu ak'aiM & V iit dulv arel
coatriiwiiua of aervhw la th .-o.ii.lry f laew
proposed adopihss. Ibua while evailmg Us dutaa.
of cltixeerslilp to Um LiaU.sl Hll.-a. Uiey tny
make pr np cUIra lor H aamasai pnn"
and .lesnan.i lis liiusrveullua 111 lle-w uek-.ir In
temateaiai t ooioleU-.a of a sslisv
arise, and the cx-rp ". nf I. taurav
parlnes ,1 dtsi lnsea Um rrea inmiwaaw.
ti lcilrof lltqueat.aTt wlik l. have beat raivt
fmr law resrulailng tie. it 4 tapirt aawuw
I. carefully revlal. and la HtaUl III of ca
trai bureau ar regtatraU t at tne .Mai at aarat
Mr.e-.rly r-oaiiieeW. B Una -- f-UI ymr
tarular nf eay-h Caar Bal.Haiiaalwt Ibe
t.ul Stale woud be mvl aul anajaarty as
.Vied an I re.-wriel. an.1 ibea nr it .4
afMTinal- c-l--bl. 't.el bejetetneal aad tmfmt
nrvtiaalallie anuid Ie. avsVl-d
Tbe rerwcaaissilna "4 lb naatilar w ' a
wuMIre of esw w.,-le I aaar aalwaaal
iBtrat It anWiber m Ml penacttl
oaawdar orW-ea is bln.4 be gfuw lba t at
all auu atr. lor lav rad. t W tbe vtr.
av-a it a-vl as He aw a-y I" vtieta aa
Uaaa a rxai-rl swaU avwai) a. "arw
axae rtl l.y a aaiary rnTaea I evt'4e lb as
rwaafe-a Ie M-v m eavafort. aaal -a datrrlas!
bp as-sn- I Me eni at iHrrlh 'brnr
a.rtaadu.at-ageaKkr. e- a7a V a et a.w
ara ilwlril I levat tb ee. . aal.lili-a
pavM.af.aw aad ay nv. that I be irrwtl
f , W aav '4 at i ' ar at
a-nl ev vK9ai fe atr " at.
in abmaS ar avw b tntt a at
fer
A mm
V'Vea aaMa. I a aia --. mm - -
baaned avaalar af aeretara tf r
rnaara.aafVUj li
a.ar) a. Ifi. ISw aaaaru' asaoa f
Wathlntrlon as nrealiTenl of ITi United Bute a
tharllv of New York hav bevu made bv vol
untary organisation of I he IUrmt f Utat kioai
ty, and believing that an opportunity- should b.
afforded for lb prloii of I he liilereat fort
ihrnuaboul Ih ootintrv wllh Ihwovvul. I r -aueot-
fully reoomiiHiud fitting ami oo oerute nutlou by
rongraaa mi behalf uf lit. pau4v of lb Uulled
Btates.
Th eanort nf th amratarT of th. treasury x-
blklla lit netail Lh enllditioa of our national
flaanoes and th operatloa of the several
branches of Um govaruuxMit related lo hla do-
uaruiuanL
Tbe letal ordinary revenues of th jtovemmont
for lh. flMMU year eaoeu jun. au, innn, aintHiuura
tn A-ru iWAU7i ;u. of wbicb t4ltt.lsll.t7S IIJ was re
oslvad from oustums diuVa and lliM.'l'M.ICI.IIS
from Internal revenue tattoo. Th total ramiptt
from all eounwai .xoeedod thoae forth. fiocol
year ended June Seiner, by r,Hox,W.ia Th.
ontinarv oxiteadlturee of lh flsoal year ending
June JO, iwa, wnr. iwnKt-n, leaving a
surpliuiof tlia.Ols.lU.0. Th. deentaae in the
xpeuditure. as oomporea with th. flanal year
MidadJuu an 1HH7. waa aM.J7R.lJO SO. notwith
standing payment of mora than vo,0PD,0U0 for
pensions In nxoans ot what wo paid for that
tmrpose In th. latter menUoned
year. Th. rwreuuea of the government
for th. year ending June tVO, 1H89, aoertaind
for th. quarter ended Beiit. 80, 1HK8, and esti
mated for the remainder of the time, .mount to
$rT,000,000, and the actual and estimated ordi
nary eipenditiirea for the same year are f!)-
mil, Vlt I. ulin..l amf.a nt Sill tSSt.
OX). The ratlmaud recelpU for the year eudlng
June 80, IBM), are t-'ir?,lJtl,nj0, and th. etttinated
ordinary expenditures fur the aaine tint, are
f J7;U7,4S8.S4, showing surplus of llul,,-
611.00.
Ths foregoing sUtemenU of surplus do not
Uks Into accouut UM sum ueoeasary to no ex
pended to meet the requiremenU of th. sinking
funii act, amounting to more wan .ii,wv.uvv au.
Dually.
Ths cost of collecting customs revenues for the
lost fiscal year waa S.44 pnr cent.) for th. year
1SH5 it waa 8.77 per cent. Th. excess of Internal
revenue taxes co'leotud during Uie but Usual year
over thoae collected ful th. year ended Juiin Su,
1H87, was f5.4XII.174.su. ami th. cost of collecting
the revenue decreased from 8.4 per cent, lu IHH7
to less than 8.8 per cent, for th laat year. The
tax collected on oleomargarine was 87VI.0I8 04
for th. year ending Juno hu, IHo7, and $801,188 .88
for Ul. following year.
Referring to the purchase of bonds which has
beeu go'ug since April butt the presideut gives
the total amount and cost, and savs th saving lo
the govuriimeut represented by the transactions
aggregates about ftf.lUOUu. II. thou pro-
At first sight this wou'd seem to be a proflUble
and sensible transacUon on the part of tho gov
ernment, but as suggested by the secretary at th.
treasury, uie surplus liltia expeuuesi tor in pur
chase ui I onils was money drawn finni the hio
dI in excess of anv actual need of the govern.
uieuland wasso expended rather Ihuu allow It
to remain Idle In th. treasury. If this surdus
tinder the 0jeraUou nf just and nquliabl. laws
had been left In the hands of tho people It would
have been won b iu their business at least 0 per
jent. per smmm. Deducting from the amount
of lutore t iism the principal ami premiumjipoa
Um bonds, and thu time they bad to run. at the
rate of tt oer cent., the savins of 8 per cent, made
for the Httiple y Ihe pun-hose of luvh Iwnda, the
loss would uppe.ir to Ira AToO.OOO.
This calculation would seem to demonstrate
that If exceptive and nnueceasary taxation is oou
tlnutst, and Uie goveruniui t is forced lo pursue
tins policy uf purchasing iu own nouns at ui.
tireuilum which it will lie necessary lo nay. the
us to tho people will be hundred or million or
dollars, bluce the purchase of bonds was under
taken, as mentioned, nearly all that hav been of
fered were nt last accented. It has been mad.
quite apinireut that the government was In dan
ger or tviug Miiujecten to coiiiuiiiaiion to raise
their prices, a appear by the instance cllml by
tiie secreuiry of the offenngof bond of th r
value of onlv sJu.tKIUo often that the aifsreoale
of sums demanded for I heir pui-cliase, am. Hinted
to more than l.7'J0.liu. Notwiinstaniiiiig in.
large sums paid out in thn imri haso of Ihii.iIs, the
surplus In the treasury on the Xln h tlay of Movniii
btHV IHSH, was S.U,blo.tll, after dmlm-llhg !,
tsm.Ouo jast drawn out fur lh pay uwnt of sui
sloiH. The secretary of tho treasury's recom
mendations, th. most Important of which
bi that th. colunge uf sliver dollar
he siisnended. are Indorsed. Also lenoi u
of the war office and the operations of supply
ing heavy ordnance, etot, are summarized, and
the secretary's recommendations adopted and
urged upon congnw. Ituforemx) is inuile lo th
imprlsoued Aiacli, and the report from tliiini Is
stated to lie sutisluctory, but ho opprwes return
ing mem to tneir reservation.
The dentil of Oeu. Sheridan In Augunt last was
.national .miction. Thn army then lost the
grandest of IU chiefs. Thn country lust it brave
aud experienced soldier, a wise and discreet coun
sellor anuamouosL ana eeusuno mau. immi
who In any miinnui- came within the rnngn of his
rwiratuinl aasoclatiou will novnr fall lo itav de
served aud willing liomngn to bis greatness and
tho glory of his cureer; hut they will cherish with
more tender souslbdity Ihe loving ineinorir of his
simple, gmierous aud conshlernt nature.
The renort of the secretary of th. navy demon-
states very Intelligent management lu Hint im
fKiilnnt depn: tmeiit and discloses Ih must wit
sfactory progress iu the work of reouiali ucllft
the navy made during the past year. Of thn
ships in course of construction, five, via.: the
Charleston. Bultlmore, Yorktown, Vnsuvlu. and
the Petrel, have In that time been luunchod and
are rapidly upproaidilug ooinnletlou; and in ad
dition to the almva the Philadelphia, the Han
Kranclsco, the Newark, the Bennington, thn dm
cord and the Hoi resbolT torpedo boat are all tin
dor contract for delivery to th deinrtmniit dur
ing thu next year. Tho progress already made
aud being made give gotsi giounti lor uie ex
prctatfuu that these eleven vesel will be Incor
iiorated aa a part of the American navy within
the next twelve monlh.
The report shows thst notwithstanding th
large expenditures fur new constmctiuu and lb
addltlouul labor they Involve, ths total ordinary
or current expenditure of the department for Ibe
three years eudlng Juno 80, IM8U. are l.-ss than by
more than 8U per cent, than such expenditure
for the three years ending June SU, I MSI.
The message then takes up Ihe postmaater
general report, aud after going over the figures
aaya: The increase for correKindencn with for
eign countries during the p ut Hire, rears I
gratifying, and Is especially notable and excep
tional Willi Central aud South American state
and wllh Mexico. A Ihe greater part of mail
matter exchanged with Iheso conn tile i com
Bioreiul lu It character, this Increase Is evident
of ihe improved business relations wilb them.
T-ic practical oeniiloii of tlw pa eel s)t con
ventious, ao far aa nrgoliated. ho wrved tn ful
Oil lh moat favorable prediction a lo Ibeir
benefit. In January last a general (awlal con
vention wa negotiated with the Dominion of
Canada, which weut into operation u Mrt-h I,
and which practically make posfal tei llory
of the United State and Caaada. Umler II in. r
chanille parcel may now b traiismll led
through th malls at fourth claaa rate uf put
ago.
A bill, proposed by the postmaster gnoerai.
waa liilroouced at lh laat a.-! or Ih. con
gnws, by which a uniform land.rd in tb
amount nf gruaa receipt ivraild lis tit right of
a cnminunily to . public building lo It vrecUd
by tb government for aU4Hllc irpnna. If
waa deiii. mt rated lh.il.aju.la fnMii Ih public
oouveniem-H aud Ha prouKiiioM of Barmnay
among t-iiiaeti invaruauly .Itsturta-d by cbang
of leanings and of ail, if waa uv asure ? lb
higlMMI n-ofKny Mist of .Miod iMi-lnva ludg
m. nt. Itwaafounl that IIm govei niiarail a
paring In p-nlaal tli rnt nf from 7 lo 10 per
cnt. iersiiniimi whnt Ihe rraJ of mm-H pubtir
bulldiiig w.niM la. A very meal ad.aolatre r
nulling In u. U a la a.a.1.1 la- ih tweaibm
nf a large aiimber laila cnatanily inirudiM-d
rnr th nrva-ttoa of puMa- lauhliiig at plfui.
and InviSving xrt .. a. peainnti or pin
He aacilty. I Pit lnt Hit aaure will be
come a law at lb pretwMi tu mtm of .-ongmsi.
Of th l"ti aiimber .4 pnt mater ! M 7I ar.
of lit f.atrTh l-t Tlat. .4 ,xsir--, re.- ae an
ailowan.vt whatever I.N-eijanaaea in llaaaarvlrw,
and tbtroue.ialfct t Oted ny e-rrtar
aa relrai ! rnt"tlv unkva Tat rat
ot ertipnu alani may ! laat ansl .mttlr
wa. at am lla. Iia : but tbe tatr J baa tm
malaed avu Itiigv J thmin Ut er.eral re. tar
tiurtb.Ua rain of pkuaa. .b rert.ati.vt
bav an arHr e.rt lb rnvtaaalba at
ItMte n- lata wbib. H uaS.aiMvrllr lr ar I lav
I nun i ra -a.vi' A by I bet.. Sa4a utb-w re
autre itewu.t in tl,t auba. b iba a4 tatl
f.ana da rvAmaam way nveMe l lea, aa
equivalent, b. that abhti Ibe Saw arf gaag lb
rat lair -ted fur law
AanUarcbtaf -aaj nmpOrvaa ttna raa-ti
ttna arva la 4i iua I V gv-uat - lb e .bus
a an-bnrea. aast I raU )afjal alt.-na.pa aa tb
ravatbwl rnr-aaiatvebM-l at 4 Iba asasai tw
.a.al elaet diiiiH .le Pm, Wita
art '4 Ikt .trararW lea ibe relae? ea" .erra-e. bi
lb fraet. Is rv m mvlia. f i at Una
vttoa hi awe tnr Uawauvath ft ubtitua
fur Ua-a ua raair. fur ab ji.w fur as A) av
aud bautaa Muar k-araf bbr tWtul.
aataira kt b a area-lale fe IU tli al
y-tr t rv. r t ue-va. u.
Ww of uMrva wbue tae aru
f U aa latrtl ar.a ttt
fur Ibe .uT..t r--t nf but . ub
i tl t fo S ittrt. av aSJIi.a Ibiaaa'bau
url triasueP .
tV era.a ttv i.bvai.i.uf tb
gin i laiuiat a a raawetu t e uee aSueH t-t
abVlvur uwa (tlllvemtl eweauuav-
u inn.' 'f Ua i - . iui"p v ej-
h fa ar- - tM-"e t
yet ma lav aa a t"
we lu i anuii It vt a t he f ranvt -
- - f - br-j mrt reg-nt-t, uu4 t ivz
atr let atw au. I
uuiaieetl aast'l
I
roail ar mad DoalnWld by law. there UTiio au
thority rrMWd anywhere lo compel III owner of
railroad lo lak. and carry lie-United Stale,
mall. Tb. ouly alternative provided by art of
oongreas In ess. of refusal la for lha noatmaator
general to send mall forward by I amy .sprees.
This Is but su illualralliiiror III fining leghJatlna
reasonable and proper at th Umo of II. aaart
nient, but snig aluoa outgrown and requiring re
adjustment. In tbe report of th. aeemtary of th. Interior,
which will be laid before you, lb condition nf
lb various branrbe. of our domeallo affair eon
SMictad with that Uirtment anil II. opera Unas
dtiriug Uie past year ar fully exhibited But m
brief iWereoc. to soinn of Uv subjects dlsi litis
In Uiktable and Inlareatlug report ra ber. n
an ad a, but I command lb entire report lath.
St leu tion of tb. oongrens, and truat that tb
sauible and valuable reoommndt ions It eon
tains will secure careful oousklerathm. I ess not
loo strenuously Insist up, th Importance of i
proper measures to Insure right deposition of
our public kind, aoi aatly a a aiatlar of preeanl
tiistloa, but In foreoaet of Uvs cotunViKWeat
future
gni
leraUona. The bmait, rich
of
our ogncuitural plains Bav
long
pretwvvrt by nature te
wsoom. her untrammeled gift to peopl eivlllend
and free, upon which hould rest, in well distrib
uted ownership, the numerous bootee of snllgns
ened, equal, and fraternal cltlsena. They cam v
national posaeaslon with th waring .sample kt -our
eye of Uie entail of Inlqultle lu landed pro- '
prielorahlp, which other countries permitted and
still suffer. W. hav. no excuse for lh. violatloa
of priucl4es oogently taught by reeeon and ox.
ample, nor for the allowance of pretaxte which
hav. aouieUnie exposed our land to eoloeaat
greed. Lswa which open the door to fraudulent
acquisition, or admlnlstraUona which parnilU
favor to rapacious seizure by a f stored few of .a
panded areas that many should en
joy are acceaaory to offansos against
our nstloual welfare ' and humanity
which are not to be too aoverely oondnmned or
punished. It la gratifying to know that some
thing has been done at last te redress Uie In
juries to people and chunk tho perilous tendency
of thn reckloas waste of national domain Uiat over
b0,UUO,0UO acre hav. bean wrested from Illegal
usurpation, Improvldaiit granu and fraudulent
entries and clalma lu be taken for lb. homestead
or honest industry although but than Uie
greater areas thus uniiuatly fcatt -niuat afford
tirof ound gratification to right f nellug alUt.ua, a
1 1 a recompense, for the labors and struggles of
the recovery.
Our dear experience ought aiiftlcianlly to org.
ths sly enactment of loeasmtt of rug Wa
lton which will confine the future rilsptMitkin of
our remaining agi (cultural lands to th. use of
ai:tual husbandry and genuine hollies. Nor should
our vast tract of so-called desert lauds be yielded
up to lha monopoly uf corporations or grasping
Individuals, as appear to be much the lendoooy
umler Um osisllug statute. These tends require
but lbs supply of water to tamim. ferUI.
ami pi-odiii-.tive. It Is e problem of
great moment how most wisely for the public .
gisud that factor shall be furnished. 1 oou n t but
think it perilous lo suffer either these land or
Ihe aourom of their IrrigaUoa to foil Into the
hands nf monopolies, which by suuh means may
exercise lordship over are dependent on their
treatment for productiveness. Already ateps
bavn beam taken Co secure accurate and suisnUfle
information of tne conditions which kt Uie prim,
bash) of inlnlllgmit action. Until Mils shall b.
Ralueil the count of wisdom spimars clearly to
e lu a suspension of further dls poaal which only
promises lo urenlo i Ighw antagonisUo to tho com
mon interest, No hurm can follow this cauliou
nry coiiduct. The laud will remain and the pub
lic good present oo demand for hasty disptajsa.
ion of national ownership and control.
I command aim the recommendations that sp-
iimpriaUi measure he takeu to complete Uu ad
iisliuent of ihe various grants made lo Ihe states
or ininrnal huriroveuienU, asd of swamp and
overflowed lands, aa well as lo adjiidlcet end
finally determine the valMlty and extent of the
numeroii private land clalma. All Uieae era
rlemenlH of great Injimtice and peril to UM set
tlers iiiMinthn localities affected, and now that
their esistancii la more pressing, we should fix as
soon as possible their bounds ami terminate Uie
threat uf trouble which aria front untasruiuty.
Thn condition ot our Indian population con
tlnuns to Inipmve, und thn proofs multiply that
the transforming change so much to be desired
which shall substitute for barlxtriam enlighten
ment and clvlll.lng education Is in favorable pro
gress. Our relations with these people during
Ihe year have beeu disturb d by no serious dis
orders, but rather marked hy s better realization
of their true Internet and Increasing confidence
end good will. These conditions testify to th.
value nf th hlghor tone of cousldoraUon and
humanity which has governed ths later methods
of dealing with theiii, and commend It conUnued
observnuua. AllulmenU In severalty hav. been
mailo ou sum reservations, uutll all thit en
titled to laud thereon have had their share as
signed, nud thn work Is still continued. In direct
Ing the nxismtlon of title duty I have not
aimed so much at rapid dispatch as
to secure just and fair arrongemente
hli h shall best conduce to Um object of tht
law by producing satisfaction with the results ot
the allotments made. No measure of general
effect has liecn entered on from which more may
be fairly hoped. If It shal I b discreetly edminis
U.red It proffers opportunity and Inducement
to that independence of spirit snd life which the
Indian ecullarllv needs, while at the sometime
the stability of title affords security against tb.
risks bi- iiievperiimee of affair or weakness of
character inny expo hliu to In dealiug with
nther. Whenever la-tnin urjon anr rtMrvaUiinlt
ahould he made complete, so that all are brought
to Ih same cnnauion, ana as eooo as possiia
cominuulty In lands should cease by opening
such as remain unallotted to enttlement, Ko
mlliarity with Uie ways of Industries and sue
cessful farmers will perhaps add a healthy emu
lation which will both Instruct and etimulate.
Hut no agency for th. amelioration of this peo
ple apiMutrs tn me so promising ss the extension,
ui gd by tho secretary, of such complete facili
ties of education a lisll at Uie earlieat possibl.
day embrace all teachable Indian youths of both
seies, and retain tbeni with a kindly and beoen
cent hold until their characters are formed end
their faculllc and disposiUoas trained to tbe
sure pursuit of some form of useful Industry.
1'rip.ii lly or th Indian no longer needs demon
stration It laostabllsbed: II remsins to make
thn moat of It, and whan that shall be dooe th
curse lil be lifted, the Indian race saved, snd
the sin nf I heir oppression mleemnd. Ttt tins
of its arrrimpllshinent depends upon the spirit
and lust I. e with which ll ahall be prosecuted. It
.-annul Ie. too soon for the Indian nor fur Uie In-
teiesis and good name ot tne nation.
Tim an-nis attendance of Indian schools In-
iToawsl nver OX) during Um veer and the total
.ni.dlnienl rearlied 18 .818. The coat of malalen-
siu e an not materially raised. The number of
teachable ndutnyouih is nnwesUmetnd at 40,000,
nearly Hire l luie to nrniiinene or tu.
.-hTil. It Is believed Uie idttacle. ks lb way ef
luati in-Uug all ar am-mnuotabln, and mat uie
m ixmvurj esuiniiiure would be a Piossure of
ernu.HTiy.
Th Kl.ais tribes on the rreat fitei latloa of
Dakota rnf nd In asm tut to Uie sot penaed by
rongrea at IU laat Kioe fin ojvmuig e pan.
Ilnn or tneir luu tu unia.nu.ui, usatwaa
aundlng modiibmiioe of lh term wa
aurged which Rkt moat of Ib-etr
ebJnriaNi. Their deruaed Is for Immediate
navmnnl nf th full Dikioof tl.SB ttracre for th
wit ire body of land, lu ocntpanry of which they
ere aaaea in retinuiiaui. I n ananonr of auoniur
aat bturnd tluiir fair undentanding of Um laa,
and I hah a. -tat wa undoubtedly a Utorouirhly
Intelligent as I belr catdty admitusd. It tut
Inaat graiifylug that no repmack of oninaa siwig
is In anr m.nuei u brought again tlMimn
uant however aiibialil liie favnralu rutrinkv-
tloe of lh aerm lal may nave bee aalituied.
I .-ofM-.it ia lh KiggwMtueof tne errviry tv.
aar.lln lies Tin tb. a), attain ladlaa. the Iaa rvu.
vrvalaai. let aiil.n-nia.aud liieivur T-y tuA4
la my inkw navdvu ImmudlaU aitaMuMS.
TlMennibee of nnaaSuuer addti so tun rotas
during lh- S-eul j ear vedvd Jua SU, ISNn, I as..
' 4 Mu-rnaau 7 Is te nt ueagraale as
tsjis eaaes Tba a aaaea af l. 7.19 rat leers
vera dnnevl fruut Ua rnibi duri ig Uaaruat fur
varVat laaa. auu oa la cbna of tu year Ua
umber f ueruut ? all flaunt re.-al.rng aaa
aaet was 4'VA7 tf I hi a l hare wwre u
vlvonuf Iba arnf ll. MI.7V UaJow af Uuut
wbe uar-e a laat war: Itvuv auidaareof tat
.tlru ear. at' a. KM kt.,aa of tud a lava,
luj buudred aad tut 4ifi.il ratea af aautbja
era taud tu iba buuesv-esrtva, raaglag fruuj
1? I 8 r ta av awualb Tb wre-al put far
auladwra IA - ural rata- at : .77.S..'
Iag an lisi.a a autr tat aaaauataag yaar vf
,., xs
Tu as pi ate arteadlag tba .abt'imu H
eaja-atua uf tbe f in I a Jurtg UujS
aaubul .tUsWte. .,- iba tutu.
uTuaaur.t afla.illt.Ktll. bT. bauag tlU
ymr reu nt tbe fcatl tdaarna uf tbv gavara-
l it I etraag
iaaalawaru
awu aa tar a. a.aaa. te Ut bnt uf at. n
aura tit aa) u. . an. . at ctns Tw rent tb4
lux ..SJerva taaea uf li ate are atuj cat aaa as
IB j a I 1 at att r" t vU puafcr b
tat l s S tv tu tat t in n seat au tb
,a 1 1 ii aaiaauv H tau IbaS uee eaetad
aat. tie; aat Ma auftriurti
ft Iba I
aval leva t ua l lira.
Tta faufe af Muaa asvaHag
tia't W UT ua Ii. ar tiag auu
u enrj a tu ut a I Tb
uu abtr-b ia J ui t
ui uu aauv-ale-v at tut
are aflat atavd bat Sua arwate a
to nub
uuar a lent
C're rVM Cfna.

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