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The Austin weekly statesman. (Austin, Tex.) 1883-1898, April 19, 1883, Image 3

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Kriiicniber that when sun and moon unite,
J hey briuK eclipse instead of life
Tlirvw thou no sliadow on that sacred page,
lione faults, U faults, arc sanctlned by age.
1 f mote there be 'tis better so, 1 deem,
Thau magnified by critics to a beam.
Not very blind are they who are devout;
Far Minder those who study but to doubt.
Who see not, yet believe, have faith more true
With old words erring than perplexed with
Th.m Lit tliv Rtnriv tstk-p for kpen research:
Those leave unchanged for households and for
Sea Shell Mormnrs.
The hollow sea-shell which for '-ars hath
On dusty shelves, when held against the ear
l'roclaiins its stormy parent, and we hear
The faint, far inurnmr of the breaking Hood.
We hear the sea. The sea? It Is thejjlood
In our own veins. Impetuous and near.
And pulses keeping pace' with hope and fear
And with our feelings, every shifting mood.
Ix! in my heart I hear, as in a shell.
The tmuimir of a world beyond the grave.
Distinct, distinct, though faint and far it be.
Thou fool; this echo is a cheat as well
The hum of earthly instincts, and we crave
A world us real as the shell-heard sea.
bugeue Lee Hamilton
Wasuinoton, April 13.
To the Editor of The Statesman: -
The early appearance of yellow
fever in Havana, and at other seaport
in the West Indies, has caused the
national board of health to begin
preparations for the
earlier than usual this year. Quaran
tine stations will be immediately es
tablished in those American ports
.which are adjacent to the West in
. dies, and at which vessels with the
dreaded malady may any day appear.
The yellow fever has started much
arlier than in former years, and the
Jong time between now and frost
causes the official of the health tle
. partment to fear that certain localities
will bej dreadfully afflicted with the
disease during the summer. The
health department is in receipt of
numerous letters Jrom the different
fttate boards of health, asking for in
formation and intimating that unless
prompt measures are taken the
scourge may be introduced and be
come epidemic. The first quarantine
station will be. established at New
Orleans, and afterwards at the other
ports where the fever is liable to be
It would bo well for the state
board of Texas to take immediate ac
tion in the matter. Last summer the
fever had a stronger hold at
one of her seaports than ever
before in the history of the state, and
even at Brownsville it would not
have existed to such an extent if it
had not been thought in Washington
that there was little danger of the
disease becoming epidemic. For this
reason the proper precautions were
iiiot taken at first, and the fever had
ample opportunity to spread. This
Khould not be allowed this year. Gal
' veston, Brownsville and Corpus
Christi should be quarantined at the
earliest possible moment. In conver
sation with an eminent physician
of this city the representative of the
Statesman asked if the yellow fever
was strictly a hot climate disease
aind no liable to injure any of the
northern cities. Not at all, he said;
if the fever once gets a hold in Bos
iton or New York or any of the cities
lo the no-th of us vou will find that
its ravages would be as bad as in
New Orleans. Yellow fever can
:stand considerable cool weather. Do
you not recollect win n the fever was
n) bad in the Mississippi valley the
.entire medical profession of the coun
try was under the impression that the
itpproach of fall would check it, and
instead of this being the case, it actu
ally flourished better during the
lull and did considerable harm
after frost. The safety of our north
ern cities consists in being far from
Cuba, where the disease is bred, not
so much in climatic advantages.
the new postmaster general, was
sworn into office by James Lawrence,
one ofthe oldest clerks of the depart
ment, who has sworn in all of the
postmasters since Cave Johnson. The
judge immediately set to work sign
ing commissions for postmasters in
the different states, several of which
were lor Texas, and have been pub
lished in the Statesman, lie ap
pears to be a business man and
easily catches on to the intricacies of
his vast department. He shows his
good sense by being averse to all
demonstrations, not even caring for
the reception tendered him by the
delegation of his own state. The
judge is of a uuiet. decisive nature.
having little to say and caring littl
.tor the opinions of others, when he
makes a decision of public import
ance. It is reported that he intended
to resign his judgeship in Indiana to
enter a law firm at the head of which
is ex-Senator McDonald. The ap
pointment to the cabinet was unex
pected to him.
HY eunesday aiternoon -
judok reagan
Left Washington on the Chesapeake
and Ohio railroad for the southwest.
He will spend some time at Hot
JSprings before going to 'Texas. The
judge has not been wasted much by
his sickness and appears to be in good
Apostolliee has been established at
llandado, Zapata county, to which
mail will be sent from Carrizo, forty
Utiles west on route 31,140.
Peter W. Hall has been appointed
postmaster at Baby Head, Texas;
Thaadeus Shaw at lioston; liirdit L.
Gibbons at Gibbtown, Jack county,
and James W. Tolson at Seymour.
Harvey S. Bright, of Van Alstyne,
Texas, h;ts been granted a patent tor
a medical compound; Floyd W.
- Thomas of Jacksonville, patent for
a buckle. For tha benefit of
It may be w ell to state here that the
patent laws of Mexico, our sister re
public, are based upon the law of
May 7, 1832, passed bv the legislature
of that country, and modified by a
subsequent law passed July 12, 1852,
and the decree of September 28, 1848.
The duration of a patent is ten years,
of improvement thereto six year?.
The duration of a patent of introduc-,
tion is limited by the concession
granted by congress. The time for
beginning the working of the patent
' and time of forfeiture in default
thereof is to be fixed in each patent.
All documents must be in Spanish,
and are: 1. Petition. 2. Designs or
models in duplicates, and what is
judged necessary for explanation of
whut is proposed. The government
will not inquire as to the usefulness
.of any invention. Extension of time
to inventors is- given only by con
gress. The expenses are from $10 to
$300. Patent of introduction is ob
tained by petition to the government
und act of congress. To - pro
tect the right of property of
inventors or perfectors of any
branch of industry in the country ex
clusive right is given them, that they
may use it in all of the states of the
federation. But inventors if, they
wish the government to secure them
their rights, mu3t present their inven
tions to the city councils of the towns
in which they reside, or to the gov
ernor of their states. These authori
ties being compelled to furnish de
scriptions of the invention so as to
properly explain them to the gov
ernment. Disputes about inventions
are always decided by the common
laws of the republic "
Animals as Doctors.
F British Medical Record.
M. C. Delaunay, in a recent com
munication to the Biological society,
ooserved that medicine, as practiced
by animals, is thoroughly empirical.
out, mat trie same may be said ot to at
practiced by inferior human races, or
in other words, by the majority of the
human specie. Animals instinctively
choose such tood as is best suited to
them. M. Delaunay maintains that
the human race also shows this in
stinct, and blames medical men for
not paying sufficient respect to the
likes and dislikes of the patients,
whieh he believes to be a guide that
may be depended upon. omen are
often more hungry than men, and
they do not like the samo kinds of
food; nevertheless, in asylums for
aged poor, men and women are put
ou precisely the same regimen, in
fauts scarcely weaned1 are given a
diet suitable to adults meat and wine,
which they dislike, and which disa
gree with them. M. Delaunay inves
tigated this question in the differ
ent asylums of Paris, and ascertained
that children do not like meat before
they are about live years of age. Peo
ple who like salt, vinegar, etc ought
to be allowed to satisfy their tastes.
Lorain always taught that with re
gard to food people's likings are the
best guide. A large number of ani
mals wash themselves and bathe, as
elephants, stags, birds and ants. M.
Delauney lays down as a general rule
that there is not any species of ani
mal which voluntarily runs the risk
of inhaling emanations arising from
their own excrement. If we turn our
attention to the question of reproduc
tion, we shall see that all mammals
suckle their young, keep them clean,
wean them at the proper time, and
educate them; but these maternal in
stincts are frequently rudimentary in
women of civilized nations. In fact,
man may take a lesson in hygiene
from the lower animals. Animals
get rid of their parasites by using
dust, mud, clay, etc. Those suffering
from lever restrict their diet, keep
quiet, seek darkness and airy places,
drink water and sometimes even
plunge into it. When a dog has lost
its appetite, it eats that species of
grass Known as dog's grass (chiendent),
which acts as an emetic and purga
tive. Cats also eat grass. Sheep and
cows, when ill, seek out certain herbs.
When dogs fire constipated they eat
fatty sustances.such as oil and butter,
with avidity, until they are purged.
The same thing is observed inhorses.
Animals suffering from chronic rheu
matism always keeps as far as possi
ble in the suu. The warrior ants ha ve
regularly organized ambulances. . La
treille cut the antenna? of an ant, and
other ants camo and covered
the wounded part with a
transparent fluid secreted from
their mouths. If a chimpanzee
be wounded, it stop3 the bleeding by
placing its hand on the wound or
dressing it 'with leaves and grass.
When an animal has a wounded leg
or arm hanging ou, it completes the
amputation by means of its teeth. A
dog on being stung in the muzzle by a
viper was observed to plunge its head
repeatedly for several days into run
ning water. This animal eventually
recoved. A sporting dog was run
over by a carriage. During three
weeks in winter it remained lying in a
brook, where its food was taken to it;
the animal recovered. A terrier dog
hurt its right eye; it remained lying
under a counter, avoiding light
and heat, although habitually it
kept close to the fire. It adopted
ii general -eatment, rest and
iibstinance from tood. The local treat
ment consisted in licking the upper
surface of the paw, which it applied
to the wounded eye, again licking the
paw when it became dry. Cats, also,
when hurt, treat themselves by this
simple method ot continuous irriga-
tion. M. Delaunay cites the case of a
cat which remained tor some tune
lying on the bank of a river; also
that of another cat which had the
singular fortitude to remain for
forty-eight hours under a jet of
cold water. Animals suffering
lrom traumatic tever treat
themselves by the continued applica
tion of cold water, which M. Delau
nay considers to be more certain than
any of the other methods. In view of
these interesting tacts, we are, he
thinks, forced to admit that hygiene
and therapeutics, as practiced by ani
mals, may. in the interest ot psycho!
ogy, bo studied with advantage. lie
could go even further and say that
veterinary medicine, and, perhaps,
human medicine, could gather from
them some useful indications, pre
cisely because they are prompted by
instincts which are efficacious m the
preservation or the restoration of
A writer in the Scientific American
who has critically examined the
Egyptian obelisk savs that it is made
of concrete granite broken in pieces,
bituminous matter and hydraulic
lime. If his theory is correct it dis
poses of the engineering difficulties
that were supposed to have been sur
mounted by the Egyptians in quarry
ing and transporting huge blocks of
stone for long distances. If they
were masters of the art of making
durable stone like that in the obelisk
the wonder ceases.
Liszt, the composer, has been sup
posed to entertain the same enmity
for the Jews that was evinced by
Wagner, but in a letter just published
in a Hungarian newspaper he denies
that such is the case, and says that
Meyerbeer, Heine and other Jews
were long his warm personal friends.
He al?o speaks of various services
that he rendered to meritorious Jew
ish artists, and of aid that he gave tc
numerous Jewish benevolent institu
tions in different countries during his
long public career. '
i It a woman elopes in England, tak
ing any of her husband's property,
she is likely to be arrested for theft
under the new married women's prop
erty act, which gives the women the
right thy have so long craved, and
also exposes them to new. liabilities.
Mrs. Margaret Fletcher ran away
from her home at Workington it
month ago, and carried with her
jewels and wearing apparel valued at
812. Her husband first sued for di
vorce and got it, and then prosecuted
his wife as a thief, and the justice de
aided against the defendant, who was
beautiful as well as wayward.
Here are the percentages of mortal
ity in Europe and he various sec
tions of the United States, which
makes a remarkable show of health
fulness in the northwest:. In Europe,
one in every forty-two annually; in
the United States, one in every eighty
annually; in the southern states, one
in every sixty-five annually; in the
middle states, one in every eighty
eight annually; in the Atlantic states,
one in eighty annually; in the wes
tern states, one in every eighty-one
annually; in the Pacific states, one in
every one hundred and fifteen annu
ally; in the northwestern states and
territories, one in every one hundred
and twenty annually.
That Small Veto. s
' Galveston Print.
The subject matter was inconsider
able, and we are surprised that Gov
ernor Ireland should have called- into
exercise the veto power on such a
trivial point. Principles, of course,
may lie in small as well as great
things, but really we do not see how
the dignity, nor the honor, nor the
right of the state could be jeopard
ized, or even touched, by a little con
cilliatory grant of a few rods of
ground to the United States in order
to facilitate the conference of a public
benetit. The legislature certainly did
not see where the logic came in, and
showed, what we imagine was under
the circumstances, a high and com
mendable spirit. Vetoes should be
kept for special and grave issues, and
their free and random use deserves
the rebuke of the legislature.
The Baltimore Daily News raises
an opportune warning cry on danger- J
ous coins: great, numoer ot ar
rests have been made in all pacts of
the country since the last few days
of parties engaged in gilding the new
nickel and passing it for $5, and a
treasury official makes the shocking
prediction that the penitentiaries will
soon be full of living monuments to
the greatness of the new invention.
The circuses are now about to start
on the road for the summer, and it is
expected that the fakirs, side show
men and others who follow those es
tablishments, and have their chief
clientele in the simple-minded grang
ers, will reap a harvest large enough
to retire from business. It is certain
that the coin is in such demand in
Philadelphia that it can hardly be for
any good purpose, as many as 5000 at
a time, according to an official, having
been paid out recently to a single in
dividual." ,
The Italian government has begun
to substitute bronze for the steel
guns now used for field artillery,
mainly because bronze can be more
easily used.
Synopsis of Opinions of the Supreme
Parties desiring information upon matters
concerning the higher courts will receive such
by writing our court reporter.l
Loner vs. Brenneman; appeal from
Lamar county. The judgment by de
fault reciting due service upon the
defendant, will be held conclusive
upon collateral attack. The record
being silent upon the question of no
tice, the presumption is in favor of
the recital in the judgment of proper
service by publication, and in a suit
to vacate such judgment parol testi
mony is inadmissible to controvert
the recital of service therein. Affirm
ed. Willie, C. J.
Morrill vs. Bartlett; from lied River
county. In this case motion to set
aside the judgment is iiieu, uaseu on
the ground that the chief justice de
livering the opinion of the court was
of counsel in a case wherein the same
land was in dispute. Held, As the
facts show that the chief justices
name was signed to the petition with
out his knowledge, and that he never
knew of the case until now. the
ground is untenable. However, for
the purpose ot giving appellees
chance for so intending the motion as
to set up any other grounds, upon
which the parties may rely, the mo
tion is held up tor twenty days.
Williamson et al vs. O'Connor;
from Lamar county. The evidence
sufficiently shows that W. and B., by
taking separate notes and mortgages
to secure to each icertain portion of
the land, they intended to partition
the land theretofore held by them in
common. The evidence shows the
sale to have been executory in char
acter. and therefore the deed from the
attorney in fact of M., and adminis
trator of B. to G. W. W., with the
decree of the district court upon cer
tiorari from the probate court ron
lirminsr the sale was properly ad
mitted and conveyed good title. -Affirmed.
Stayton, J.
Somers vs. Peterson: from Dallas
county. Where the certificate of the
officer (under the law of 184(5) showed
upon its face that the grantor in the
deed "wjis made known to him," the
fact that he failed to indorse on the
back of the deed the manner of it be
ing made known is not a valid objec
tion, as it will ue presumed that the
means of obtaining the knowledge
was proper and legal. The error ot
the court in refusing to admit the
original deed after admitting a cer
tified copy thereof was imma
terial, as the court tried the case with
out a jury. The failure of the
subscribing witness to state that, he
signed at the request of the grantor
was cured by his stating on oath the
same day before the proper officer
that the grantor did acknowledge on
that day in his presence that he did
execute the deed for the purposes and
considerations therein Lamed. The
rule now is, as it was before the re
vised statutes, that a tenant in com
mon. can, without joining his coten-
ant, bring suit against a wrong-doer.
Affirmed. West. J.
Settle vs. Leathers; from Montague
county. The only question arising in
this case is as to the sufficiency of the
evidence to support the allegation of
failure of consideration of the notes
sued on. Without going into a dis
cussion of the evidence, it is sufficient
to say that the evidence does not sup
port "the verdict, lieversed and re
manded. Stayton, J.
.Stephens vs. Callaway; from Fan
nin county. The decree in the suit
between the widow and heirs of
Nolle in favor of Fuller, vested in
him as against their title to one-third
of the land, the same which Nolle
would have been entitled to if he had
located the land, and such recovery
was a complete bar to any claim Nolle
or his heirs could set up for locating
the land as against Slaughter.
Slaughter, who alone could
urge any . objection to the
substitution of. Fuller by Nolle,
having by an agreement recognized
the fact thaTT Fuller located the land
and was entitled to the third of the
land for his services and waived any
objection thereto, appellee claiming
under a quit claim deed made after
the ratification f which he had no
tice, cannot object that Fuller and
not Nolle located the land, lieversed
and remanded. Stayton, J.
Brownson vs. Lloyd Scanlan et al;
from Waller county. Parties cannot
claim the benefit oi a three-years' pos
session under title, or color of title,
when one of the deeds through which
they must trace title back to tjie
sovereignty of the soil, was executed
by a party who had previously parted
with all his interest in the land by
deed to another, and that deed was
recorded at the time of bis making
the second conveyance. (Long vs.
Brenneman, decided at this term.)
Skannel being in condition to claim
title under five years' limitation, as to
him the case is affirmed, but as to
Rainwater is reversed and remanded.
Willie, C. J.
Russell et al vs.Freedman & Co.; from
Navarro county. 1. The question
as to removal having been decided in
Lewis vs. Meisner (at Galveston term),
reference to that case is made. - 2. The
court havinar erred in instructing the
jury that if the assignee had no notice
of the fraudulent intent of the assign
or, the conveyance, though made witn
the fraudulent intent on the part of
such assignor to hinder and lelay
creditors would not be invalid and
void, the judgment is reversed and
the cause remanded. Reversed and
remanded. Opinion of Walker, P. J.
Pearl fishing is pursued by no less
than 1000 divers on the coast of Lower
The Italian government charges ad
mission to all the art galleries, always
free in the past, and makes $100,000 a
year out ot it.
It is said that much of the recent
prosperty in the south is due to the
slip-shod manner in which alt north
ern drummers play polker.
Leading politicians in the Black
Hills country are anxious to have
their region detached from Dakota
and annexed to Wyoming territory.
The house of lords is composed of
hereditary landowners, who collect
ively own 14,258.527 acres of land,
whose collective incomes are about
It Is now time to save up spare
money for summer vacation. This
suggestion does not concern news
paper men, as they seldom have either
one or the other.
The Berlin postoffice adopts the
dangerous practice of sending an
agent around to pay money orders.
As a result, one carrying $7,000 has
been robbed and murdered.
A paper watch has just been ex
hibited by a Dresden watchmaker.
The paper is prepared in such a man
ner that the watch is said to be as
serviceable as those in ordinary use.
It is said a plot was once formed to
abduct David Davis and hold him for
a ransom, but the plotters found that
it would take a six-horse team and a
caravan wagon, and they gave it up
on the ground of economy.
A Cincinnati clergyman thought
he would raise his own pork. So he
bought rive pigs and fattened them.
Now that they are fit to kill he hesi
tates. He says thev appear so much
like his own children that he hasn't
the heart to kill them.
A lady of ranic and title who has
been making great efforts to raise
money for a charitable- institution in
London says that she finds it ejcceed
ingly difficult to obtain contributions
in the west, end, and sa-s that it is
easier to collect 50 east of Temple
Bar than 5 west of it.
Dr. E. 11. Show waiter, of Mobile,
has presented "to the university of
Alabama his valuable collection ef
fossils and marine and fresh water
shells, embracing more than 100,000
specimens, together with a fine libra
ry of scientific works. It is said to
take rank, among the best collections
in the United States. ;
Strawberries. A " writing treating
of strawberry culture says that the
plant in Question is "a gross ieeaer,
and without a well-prepraed soil and
abundant supply of proper food, and
at the proper time, no great success
can be anticipated. We should plant
on land which has not been foT some
years occupied with strawberries, and
manure and prepare thoroughly, and
give a good top-dressing immediately
after the fruiting season, and repeat
this in the spring, being very careful
not to disturb the roots. Well-rotted
stable manure is good; ashes or, as a
substitute, muriate of potash and
bone are excellent fertilizers, and these
arjthe better 11 composted w;th sou
or manure and allowed to heat before
Corn Fodder. A correspondent of
the Rural New Yorker discusses ccr l
fodder. "I find," says he, "this is
much better for cattle than fodder
corn. By the latter I mean corn
which has been sown or drilled thick
ly for fodder alone. I find that the
stock never appear to relish it as well
or eat it as clean as they do from corn
which has produced ears. I think the
mistake is made of sowing too thick
by most persons who grow fodder
corn. Some years since, when visit
ing one of our most prominent Short
horn breeders, he told me that his
most profitable crop was corn planted
about twice as thick as in ordinary
field culture and thoroughly cultivat
ed. In this way most of the stalks
made small ears, just suitable for cat
tle, and the yield of fodder and corn
combined made the crop worth more
than when grown for grain alone."
Seed Corn. A writer for the Farm
ing World treats of seed corn. f
see," he remarks, "many farmers tell
ing how to improve corn by selecting
seed. My plan is to select one ear of
corn that exactly suits my fancy.
Prepare a rich spot of land off some
distance from any growing corn; lay
off the rows four feet apart and plant
two grains in every hill. Shell first
from the butt end of - the ear and bo
gin to planas you shell off, aud keep
on until the ear is all planted. By
this process you will bo able to tell
what part of the ear will mature first
and the part that will make the best
corn with very little trouble, and in a
few years you will have pure seed
corn. In cultivating I thin every
hill down to one stalk, keep the
ground mellow, keep off all suckers
and shoots except one to the stalk."
Irish Potatoes. Dr. Sta-ndiford has
become famous as a grower of Irish
potatoes. He cultivates the great
Hibernian standby extensively on his
splendid farms in the vicinity of
Louisville, and his investments on
this order are of course profitable.
There is nothing peculiar about his
treatment of the tuber. The "seed"
he uses is of the second crop sort, and
in the main it is of his own raising.
The soil for the potato should be in
good heart, as the farmers say. Dr.
Standiford sees tojit that it is thus, and
the further orders are for thorough
tillage. About Louisville a man is
behind the times who does not use
fertilizers. The chief demand is for
stable manure; there is nothing bet
ter than this after it has undergone
the rotting process. A correspondent
("Inquirer') of the Courier-Journal at
Danville, Kentucky, will understand
that this paragraph is for his benetit.
The excellent lands of Boyle county
should grow the Irish potato in per
fection; and if now there is any
trouble about a market, soon, when
Dr. Standiford completes the new
road he now has oh hand, there will
be none.
What Causes Hog Cholera.
The following article from the pen
of W. G. Ganberry, in the Farming
World, is full of sensible suggestions
to raisers of hogs: For the past few
years I have noticed, lrom tune to
time, in nearly all the journals which
I have perused, articles bv
farmers and stock breeders on the
subject of hog cholera, some asking
for preventives, others giving what
may be termed antidotes, tor this
scourge that at one time was decimat
ing the hog family. Finally the gov
ernment tooK tne subject in nana,
and appointed a commission to
thoroughly investigate the disease so
destructive to hogs. Many of those
who have written on the subject have
come to the conclusion that too much
corn is the cause ot this dreadful
scourge among swine, and they think
that they have proved tne tact that
an almost exclusive diet of corn
to hogs will produce this
disease called hog cholera.
It is a remarkable and strangle con
clusion to arrive at. I never knew or
heard of this disease till within the
past few years, but we feed our hogs
in this section almost entirely upon
Indian corn, when they are fed at all,
but' neither this disease nor anything
like it has ever proved so fatal to the
hog family before. Then, if corn
feeding is the cause of it, why does it
not continue ? We feed our hogs on
corn still, but they are as thrifty now
as before the advent of this disease.
And why; also, did not corn-feeding
beget this disease betore t v or it a
certain food will produce it, and that
food has been used almost exclusively
for hogs, and they did not die
on . it, the conclusion is irresist
ible that corn does not kill hogs.
I have Known of and seen hogs die
on account of corn, but it was from
the want ot it, not too much ot it. I
admit that corn alone will not make
them grow so fast or so large as other
kinds of food, yet I do deny that corn
feeding ever produced the so-called
hog cholera any more than it did the
epidemic, or whatever disease it was,
that was a few years ago so destruc
tive to the horses of this country.
Now for the facts as they occurred in
this section: The disease first made
its appearance in thelo'wer or southern
portion of the country, and it kept on
coming toward the northwest some
three or four miles in so many days.
The affected hogs would refuse to eat;
lie about. Some would die very soon
after being taken, while others would
linger for weeks. The hair would
shed off, and they would become full
of sores. Sometimes one would re
cover, but generally they would die.
The most of these hogs, it will be
borne in mind, were fed on corn, but
not enough to kill them. And very
many died of this disease (what we
call here marsh hogs) w"hich were not
in the habit of eating corn once a
week, and they would all die sows,
pigs, shoats, boars and all.- Many
persons lost every one, and I believe
the disease was more fatal among
the marsh hogs, that only got an ear
of. corn occasionally, than it was with
those who ate it every day. Thus we
see that corn did not produce that dis
ease then, nor does it now. Some
writers, l notice, have proven that ar
tichokes and chufas will prevent hogs
having this disease, as they Jed their
hogs on them and they did not have
it. They don't prove the question, at
least with me, for I have no arti
chokes nor any chuf as, but fed my
hogs on corn, and never- had one
to be sick, even during the
prevalence of the diseases. So
it will' be seen that I can prove
that corn did not cause mv hoars to
have the cholera, but that it prevented
them from having it, when the hogs
ot otners were aying ail around me.
In my humble opinion, this disease
among the hogs is. so to speak, verv
similar to yellow, fever among the
numan race, it is an epidemic, and 1
do not believe that one kind of food
produces it more than another. It
appears tc be a blood and skin disease,
and when one is first taken, I believe
a teaspoonf ul of arsenic would be of
more benefit than any food that could
be given, or if ihose having hogs would
give them a dose of arsenic occa
sionally, I am almost confident that
they would never be troubled with
the cholera. I see that cattle, horses.
and even the human family are vis
ited .occasionally with destructive
diseases, and can give no reason why
the hog family alone should be ex
empt. In this section, a few years
since, an epidemic of some kind of
disease was manifested, even among
the crows. One could see them dull,
sick and feeble, along the road fences,
wnereirom they would not fly at the
approach of man, and I have even
caught them iu this condition; also
frequeuuy found them lying
dead in the woods. Now,
wnat , caused the destruc
tion anions the bird3 1 I should like
for some writer to give a satisfactory
explanation. The fact of the business
is. that we are unable to cope with
nature and her laws in every change
that is taking place. Science has ac
complished, and is still accomplishing
much, but there are some things that
are beyond the ken-of science, and,
with due deference to those who think
diff erently, this so-called hog cholera
is one of them. I may be in error,
but until I see or learn of some better
solution to this scourge, I shall die in
the faith that corn-feeding, in small
or large quanities.is not the cause, nor
does it kill hogs.
Delicious Coffee.
In coffee growing countries, where
the berry makes a short journey from
the bush to the mouth, this process is
not necessary; and in the mountains
ot St. Domingo, the native darkies
make coffee in very quick fashion.
They take the fresh berries and parch
tneni tor a lew minutes, then crush
them in a mortar and tor each per
son put a tablespoontul ot fragrant
fragments into a conical-shaped bag;
tne exact number ot cortee cups lull
of boiling water is measured out and
poured twice through the bag. This
completes the process, and the result
is nectar.
But some one comes forward with
an air of authority and says: Take a
coffee cup of the .best Java coffee,
browned to the color of chocolate
(not scorched), ground not too line,
and mix with it half -an egg. Put
this into a coffee pot or boiler (which
is as clean as the cup you drink from)
ana pour over it one quart ot boiling
water, stirring as you put the water
in; boil slowly for fifteen minutes.
then stand the boiler on the back ot
the range ten minutes to settle; turn
all coffee off from the grounds at
once into an urn or coffee pot that
can stand upon the stove to keep hot.
Coffee loses its flavor by standing on
the grounds longer than half an hour,
and should be very hot to be good.
Ella Hodman Church in the Conti
nental. Wheat Ao the Acre.
There seems to be a wide divergence
of opinion regarding the amount of
wheat necessary to sow to the acre.
Some good farmers still adhere to the
old practice of a bushel and a half,
while others equally good say that
one bushel is a great plenty. The St.
Paul Pioneer-Press is of the opinion
that the latter class have the better
of the argument. A bushel and a
half or a bushel and a peck of seed
will not produce so plump a berry as
when the roots have plenty of room
to spread, which they do in thin seed
ing, it nas been proven conclusively
to that journal that it does not pay to
crowd corn or garden vegetables, and
that four stalks of the former in
a hill are better than eight.
ind that they will bring a finer and
larger crop. Even on a crop that will
yield so abundantly and with so little
care its field beans, experience has
proven that thick planting brings a
smaller return than thin, in quality
as well as quantity. Cabbages, beets
and all varieties ot melons grow bet
ter, produce more largely, and yield
finer crops where ample space is al
lowed the roots to run. 11 this lie
true in one case, why not in the other 'f
It a cabbage needs room to develop
into a big head, why should not the
wheat plant, which sends out its little
fibrous rootlets for several inches in
every direction, seeking for nourish
ment and moisture y A bushel of seed
to the acre makes a large, plump,
handsome kernel and produces in the
aggregate more bushels to the acre
than will more seed this is the result
of a somewhat extended observation.
Fanning North aud South.
Springfield (Mass,) Republican,
The southern farmer is now being
told that the remedy for all his hard
ships lies in variety of erops. If
nothing but cotton is raised, of course
corn and wheat and" meat and hay
must be bought; as a matter of fact
they are bought from the north and
the .north has achieved prosperity
with mixed farming, while the south
with its single crop is poor and in
crebt. So the planters are urgul to
raise more grain and pigs and less
cotton, and an increase in the acreage
of wheat and corn is paraded as the
surest sign of a state's prosperity.
But in the north the tendency is di
rectly the other way. The old plan
here was for the farmer to raise
upon his own land almost everyr
thing he required, and for him
and his wife to work with their own
nanus almost everything they used
and wore as well, but this rule has
been more and more departed from
until in recent years special farming
has come in which furnishes counter
parts to the "all "cotton" plantations.
Take the New England dairymen.
They buy wheat and corn from the
west, often all they use, and one man
in an out-of-the-way Vermont town
has profitably devoted his acres to
grass and bought potatoes for his own
table. There is a growing feeling
here that mixed farming is profitless,
except in a degree necessary for econ
omical management, and that in the
competition which has come with
railroads and modern appliances there
is little chance of success without
taking advantage of the division of
labor, in the wider sense, which is
brought about by "specialties."
The fact is, that north and south,
the question is merely one of economy
and not of principle. It is certain
that some Vermont farmers who feed
Illinois corn to their cows make more
money than others who raise their
own, and plainly more than the farmer
could by raising it himself; and that
ends the argument. It costs money
to carry corn from - Chicago to New
England or Georgia, and each section
and each farmer must determine
whether it is cheaper to raise it, or to
raise something to buy it with. Be
cause the cotton planters are not gen
erally prosperous, it is not necessary
to blindly adopt farming as a cure-all.
The south has a change In progress
akin to that whieh has left the old
fashioned farmers in his own "hill
town, " wondering that the old meth
ods do not bring the old profit. " How
do I make both ends meet ? " said a
substantial North Carolina farmer the
other day. "I use improved machin
ery, manure heavily and pay cash."
Cotton and Grain.
Courier-JoumaL J
The Courier-Journal hears with
alarm that the south is going to de
vote a larger acreage than ever to
cotton this year, insuring a seven-million-bale
crop or more. The past
season the southern states were sin
gularly fortunate in their grain crops,
raising the largest amount of wheat,
corn and oats ever produced by them.
It was owing to this fortunate cir
cumstance that -this section did
not suffer as much as
it otherwise would have done
from the over-production of cotton
and the low prices paid for the staple.
Grain has ranged high, and if the
south had been compelled to purchase
as much of it as usual, it would have
gone deeply in debt. With this show
ing, big prices for grain and low rates
for cotton, the Courier-Journal re
gards it as the height of f oily to in
crettse the cotton acreage at the ex
pense of grain.
The explanation probably is that
usually given , by the southern
farmer when asked to give a reason
for his all-cotton mania that the
northwest can raise corn cheaper than
it can be raised in the south. While
this is true, while the soulh cannot
produca corn so cheap as to send it
into the open markets of the world in'
competition with Iowa and Illinois,
the southern farmer can raise it
much cheaper for his own. use
than he can raise cotton to buy it
with. This was the experience
of the past year, and this fact
will probably be brought out still
more forcibly in future years, as all
indications point to higher prices for
grain and lower prices for cotton as
the supply of cotton the world over is
in excess of the demand, while the de
mand for food exceeds the supply.
For these reasons the Oourier-Journal
believes that the south ought to raise
instead of buy its food a policy,
moreover, which will enable it to pro
duce cotton cheaper.
Another plan to be pursued, if the
south is determined to drive Egyp
tian and Indian cotton from the mar
kets of Europe, is to increase the
yield of the staple to the acre rather
than increase the acreage. Cotton, as
a general thing, costs so much an acre
to cultivate; it the yield can be in
creased the cost of the staple is very
materially reduced, and at the same
time no land is taken which should
be given to grain.
That the yield per acre can be.
greatly increased by improved modes
of agriculture and by using select,
improved and prolific seed, which
bear a finer and better stapleias lecn
proved by experiments in Georgia
and other states. If such a policy be
pursued the south need not be afraid
of a seven or eight million bale crop,
since she can raise it at cheap and
profitable rates, and without decreas
ing her grain product; but the policy
which gives the whole south to cot
ton, yielding a quarter or a third ot a
bale to the aCre, is suicidal,and means
the continued impoverishment arid
the final bankruptcy of this entire
The Jersey.
Colnian's Sural World.
juany oi our country mends arc
learning that of all domesticated
stock, the grand little Jersey is the
animal to nave around the house; not
only for her usefulness, but for her
general docility and beauty, too. One
ot the largest herds of Jerseys now in
the west, commenced in this way : A
gentleman in the city had built him
self a house six miles from town,
stood it back two hundred yards
from the road, on a gentle
elevation, made a nice lawn
all round, and sowed it in blue,
mixed and other grasses, to
the extent perhaps of six acres; plant
ed it with evergreen and other shade
trees, and generally made of the place
one beautiful to behold iuid live in; a
retirement from city hurry, scurry
and bustle, and a quiet nook in which
to enjoy wife and family, and all the
ajsthetic surroundings of wealth, re-
nnea taste, comiort and culture.
The babies came, the grass and
shade trees grew, the little ones loved
the lawn, and the parents saw that
one thing was wanting, a contrast
with and a plaything for the bright
and beautiful children.
He, a man of business and of
wealth, found that his little ones
needed something of animated na
ture to associate with, to fondle and
to care for, and very soon determined
on the graceful, fawn-like and useful
little Jerseys. No sooner thought of
than acted on, and an order was sent
for six Jersey heifers, well bred in
themselves, and all bred iigain, as be
came their merits.
The order was filled, and the buyer
accompanied them to their future
home, to see them cared for en voyage,
and sately housed and homed.
When we were last on "that lawn,
the two hundreu acre tarm that sur
rounded it exhibited no less than one
hundred head of the best J ersey cattle
in America, and there, with the ex
ception noted, and an importation
from J ersey of six head, all' came from
the first purchase, in less than eight
l o say nothing ot the bulls sold,
and the amount realized for butter
(always sold all the year round for
iltty cents per pound), this increase
exhibited a very good nest egg for the
wealthy city banker, besides affording
an opportunity for his children grow
ing up with the prettiest little pets in
t ie world.
What one man can do, is, to say the
least, within the bounds of possibility
of another; and whilst we say this in
behalf of the Jersey, the same may be
said of any other stock. Cared for
and properly utilized, any one of our
domesticated animals may be made to
do the same thing, but the Jersey is a
thing of beauty and usefulness, and a
joy forever; and the day has come
when no good farmer can afford to
say the Jerseys are of no account.
Wool Sorting. It would often be
more advantageous to pay more at
tention to the sorting of pieces than
is generally done. By keeping broken
fleece or first pieces very good, a price
greater in proportion according to
quality than is given for fleece wool
would be obtained. At the same
time the fleece-wool, by being care
fully skirted, would command a much
higher figure in the market. Growers
who have only about fifty bales need
not be at very great trouble in skirt
ing at all, if" they sell their wool in
the grease, as it might not pay so well
as to roll up the fleece without skirt
ing, simply making a bale or two of
locks, so as to keep the remainder
clean. When fleece-wool is very full
of burrs or seed it is often better to
make a separate sort for such, and
in some cases the whole fleece might
be thrown into this lot. One burry
fleece spoils a whole bale. Some wool
pressers, anxious to keep ujatisf ac -tory
fleeces out of sight, throw them
into the bottom of a bale, and it is de
cidedly damaging when that particu
lar bale happens to be opened at the
bottom for inspection.
Which Bee-Hires are the Best!
If an apiary is to be run for ex
tracted honey, large hives are all
right; aut they are fatal to the profit
able production of comb honey, be
cause the bees, having so much room
to store honey in the body of the
hive, are very slow and reluctant in
entering and in working in the sur
plus receptacles.
If we are to judge which hive is the
best by the kind that is. most used,
we should say that the Langsroth
hive is the best. The Langsroth
frame, as most used, is 9 1-8 inches
deep by 17 5-8 inches long, and a hive
to hold these frames need be nothing
more than a simple box without top
or bottom, having a rabbett upon the
inside of the upper edges of the end
pieces upon which to hang the
frames. Of course such a hive re
quires a cover and a bottom board,
but these need be nothing more than
simple cleated boards. Many of the
best apiarists use just such as this.
The Langstroth frame is the best
to use when working for comb honey,
as the flatness or shallowness of the
brood chamber not only gives more
room for honey boxes on top of the
hives, but it induces the bees to enter
the boxes more readily, as it seems to
be the bees' nature to keep their
combs in a globular shape. Eight
frames in a hive are better than ten
when comb honey is raised. By plac
ing one hive above another, tiering
them up three or even four stories
high, such hives as these can be made
large enough for raising extracted
honey; in fact this is exactly the
manner in which some of the most
successful and extensive producers of
extracted honey manage the business.
Farmer's Review.
The Fish Pond.
The Kern County (California) Ga
zette says: "There are two carp
ponds of small dimensions near Bak
erstield. in each of which the plant
was made last spring. The fish are
doing well, and there are to be seen
great numbers of young fish. It can
not be long till this market will be
well supplied with this excellent fish.
It would be well for every farmer who
has half an acre of ground fitted for a
pond, with a certain supply of water,
to raise these fish for the house
hold use alone,' as they raise their
fowls." The Foothill Tidings tells
of Rev.. J. W. Brier, who is breed
ing carp some three miles from
Grass Valley. He finds that 1000
carp will live and grow finely upon
what one hog will in both cases from
birth to two years old. At this age
the carp will weigh 4,000 pounds the
average lot, while the average porker
will weigh 250 pounds. At present j
prices for the two-articles of food, the
hsh would bring $1,000 and the hog
$24. The South Coast, published at
San Luis Obispo, says that a Mr. Mc
Clelland, a resident of that county,
recently caught 300 carp at one haul
of the seine in a small lake in that
county, where only a little over two
years ago ten were planted. Owing
to a rent in the sein he thinks he did
not secure more than half that were
in the net. The average weight of
me w was about one pound.
An eastern farmer, who has a half
acre pond filled with fine fish in a per
manent pasture, remarked that it
paid in three ways: The water, be
ing always accessible, was worth
more to his cows than if the half acre
was in grass; the nsh were worth as
much as the product of any half acre
on his farm; and, finally, the poud
yielded an ice crop every winter. The
pond was stocked with gold fish and
The Prod action and Consumption of
ine united states Economist, m
regard to wool, remarks that few
things in the civilized world are more
astonishing than the increased con
sumption of wool. This is best shown
by the statistical account ot the pro
duction which, in the year 1830, was
320,000,000 pounds in weigh t,and in the
year 1881, had raised to 1,92(3,750,000
pounds. In this extraordinary aggre-
ie, ii,urope is sei aown as produc
ing ooa,au,uAj pounds, soutn Amer
ica and Mexico 174,000,000 pounds,
the United States 185,000,000 pounds.
Australia 255,000,000 pounds, Africa
yu,ooo,ouu pounds.
Of this crop England controls abso
lutely tne Australian. South African
and English wool clips, making alto
gether a larger stock ot wool than is
controlled by any other commercial
power in the world. This is the
cause of her long continued suprema
cy in the manufacture of woolen
goods. She commands ai unlimited
supply of the raw material, and the
product of the British Isles alone ex
ceeds that of all the United States.
Nevertheless, our own progress in
this business has been truly marvel
ous within the last twenty years, uu-
der the vast domestic demand created
by the enormous growth of the A mer-
loan manufacture of woolen fabrics.
In those lines of industry we are now
able to supply ourselves entirely
with nearly all lines of staple goods.
w netner we ever snail become as sue
cessful in the production and expor
tation of wool as of cotton, petro
leum, lumber and grain, the future
alone can disclose; but we have all
the elements that are requisite for
great success in that line, as in the
production of breadstuffs and provi
sions. Like all other elements of
northern agriculture, the production
of wool in the United States seems to
be going rapidly and steadily farther
and farther westward.
It said that steam and'air-tight rub
ber packing may be made by brushing
it over with a solution ot powdered
rosin in ten times its weight in water.
The packing is ready in about four
Bordeaux red is a new coloring
matter ior wine, it appears to w a
napthaline dye. Its presence in wine
can be easily detected. Silk is turned
by it to a 'granite red, and the addi
tion of a little ammonia makes the doc
tored wine brown.
A strong infusion, of sassafras root
is recommended by Dr. Hinton as a
powerful remedy for poisoning by
llustoxicodendron. W hen it is cool.
cloths are" wet in it and applied fre
quently to the patient. A dav's treat
ment will effect a cure usually.
During the last thirty years the
California quicksilver mines have
produced 100.222,207 pounds, of which
67,397,800 pounds were exported. Cali
fornia produces one-halt ot all the
quicksilver in use throughout the
world. The itotnscniids control me
Austrian and Spanish mines.
It Is almost a self-evident fact that
there should be some other way of
disposing of sewage than turning it
into streams. BCt there is hardly any
censure too severe for those who cut
.and store ice from polluted waters.
Organic germs of disease are con
tained in such ice. People drink
water cooled bv it in summer, when
the system is most liable to sickness
that may last all the year round.
It has been proposed, says the
Glassware Reporter, tc employ zinc
for extracting gold from auriferous
rocks. The pulverized rock is gradu
ally introduced into a bath of molten
zinc.which combines with the precious
metal so that the ret use which rises
to the top can be skimmed off. The
gold maybe subsequently separated
by distilling the alloy, the zinc passing
over and leaving the precious metal
M. Cornu thinks that he has ascer
tained by experiment that the' glow
ing of phosphorus is due to a volatili
zation ot its mass and a subsequent
production of ozone by electrical
energy generated by the volitilization
ot the phosphorus. I'nospnorus does
not glow at alfin oxygen under high
pressure, because, says Al. Cornu,
volatilization is impeded, and at a
certain limit becomes too slow to
ozoneize the oxygen. Gases which
prevent the formation of oxygen also
prevent phosphorescence. .
A New Explosive.
George Holgate. of Philadelphia, in
ventor and maker of half of the mys
terious explosive machines that find
their way across the ocean, and cred
ited with having constructed the one
deposited under the English govern
ment buildings in .London, left that
city on Sunday morning last for the
Rocky Mountains. His object in go
ing to the Rocky Mountains is to find
a lonely spot. His purpose in finding
a lonely spot is to seclude himself
from inquisitive observation, and his
idea in sequestering himself where
the eye of the curious shall not dwell
upon him is to pertorm certain ex
periments. To a reporter, before leav
ing, he said he wished to . experi
ment with a new explosive which
he had just discovered, far more
powerful than nitro-glycerine and
not half so dangerous to. handle
the most powerful known, it is in
the shape of a powder of a dark color,
and some what resembling g unpo wder.
although of much finer texture, it
explodes the same as any other simi
lar compound powder or nitro-glycerine.
It can be used in a gun with a
cap or in an infernal machine. If an
ounce were concentrated in an iron
box two inches in diameter, placed in
the largest building, not a stone would
be left standing after the explosion.
A can full would destroy the city as
by an earthquake, m speaiang ot the
discovery of the dynamite factory in
Birmingham, England, he said; "I
know its location well. -The po
lice think they have found all
the places where infernal ma
chines are manufactured. They
are ladly mistaken. I learned my
trade in Birmingham. There have
been shops of this sort there for thir
ty years unknown to the authorities.
i can put my lingers on a dozen. The
country around there is full of them."
Being asked his opinion of Mezzer
hoff, he said: "He has a thorough
knowledge of- applied chemistry. I
do not think the Russian authorities
can keep him out of Moscow or St.
Petersburg. He has fooled them be
fore. Of course he will not do any of
the heavy business at the coronation.
All he will have to do is to mix his
powders and make his . machines.
Others will use them.
A special dispatch to the New York
Sun from Weldon, North Carolina,
reports that as the train bearing Pres
ident Arthur and his party south was
passing Ream's Station the conductor
made his appearance in the presiden
tial car and made the usual demand
for tickets. As the president, says
the dispatch, had been invited to take
the trip over the road as its guest, the
party was considerably embarrassed.
The president's secretary endeavored
to explain the situation to the con
ductor, but that official was inexora
ble, and announced that the party
would have to pay their fare from
Petersburg to Weldon. After consid
erable parley he consented to wait
until Weldon was reached, when he
received an order by telegraph, which
had been overlooked at Petersburg,
instructing him to pass the distin
guished company.
Washington, D. C, April 17.
Considering the unfavorable cir
cumstances of a close, dark, ilfy-ven-
uiaieu room, ana tne unusualiv long,
tedious proceedings, the beginning of
tne nith month ot the star route trial
found the court, jury and council look
ing weu and in remarkably good
health. All of the' defendants were
present, a rather unusual occurrence.
Wm. A. Cook opened proceedings
with a statement which he said niilit
anect the case under consideration
He said that he had been informed
that notice had been served on
J. B. Price requiring his presence in
court to-day, under pain of an attach
ment, lie presented the surgeon s
certificate that Price was suffering
irom a cancerous anection ot the eve,
and was unable to attend.
Merrick replied that Price b id
promised to attend with his friends
at the government's pleasure, but in
view ot the lacts as described by
ook, an attaenment would not he
asked for, unless it became absolutely
necessary in order to comply with the
rorms ot law.
Ex-Postmaster General James was
then called to the stand by the piosc
cution, and requested to state whose
Biguuiure was atxacneu to tne tele
grams shown to him by llerdell on
me tram from iew lork to Wash-
ington in June, 1881.
lngersoll immediately objected, be
cause it. was an attempt to prove the
contents or tne telegram without
proper foundation.
Merrick argued that the offer was
a proper one, and that the foundation
had been laid.
ingersou maintained that ail evi
dence of the fact that Dorsey had sent
the dispatches was purely collateral;
they had not Jjeen spoken of bv Dor
sey in his direct examination, and the
only retereuce made to them was
made during cross-examination. It
was, therefore, collateral matter, and
such could not be inquired into.
Wilson elaborated this and other
points at length.
isiiss renewed the evidence relating
to this subject. He pointed to the
fact that the destruction of all tele
grams had been shown, and said that
it was now impossible to prove that
such telegrams had ever been sent,
except by the person who sent them.
U pon the question ot the collateral
nature of Dorsey's evidence. Bliss
based an argument of some length.
maintaining that witness being de
fendant, and therefore shielded" from
a summons by the government, occu
pied a position different from ordi
nary, and that it was not for him
(Dorsey) to say that it was too late
tor the prosecution to introduce proofs
of contents of the telegrams.
lngersoll had no objection to a
statement of contents of the telegram
by prosecution as a part of their offer.
ut course the jury would pav no at
tention to it unless it wts proved.
juerricK accordingly stated t he con
tents of the despatches as follows:
The first telegram One of them.(they
were delivered together.) was to this
effect: "Get off the train at once and
return to New Y'ork, and I think all
is forgiven you." The second was:
"Return at once to New York for
God's sake. Do nothing to injure me
and my friends. .Don't persevere in
your course."
lngersoll ami Davulge smilinelv--
"Is that all; is that all you propose to
prove r
Merrick in a long argument sup
ported his effort to prove the signa
ture of these dispatches.
uavidge and Ilenkel also argued
the point.
1 he court then in a rather long and
elaborate opinion ruled against the
prosecution, "Tjasing his decision upon
rules of evidence.
Examination was then resumed, but
lngersoll objected to the next Ques
tion asked and as the objection wjis
sustained by the court, witness'was
excused. The prosecution then put
upon the stand for the purpose of
contradicting J. AV. Dorsey, three
hotel clerks, who showed by hotel
registers that Rerdell was in Nebras
ka and Colorado in April. 1879. Dor
sey had sworn he was in Washington.
Judge Julius B. Bissell. of Lead-
ville. was next called and examined.
with regard to the so-called Bellford
In an argument as to the ad-
misability of the testimony.
Bliss said the books showed
the check was drawn to "J. B. B."
He would not say who "J. B. B." rep
resented, but would admit that he
did not now believe it meant Belford.
Witness said in June. 1879, he saw J.
W. Dorsey draw a check or draft in
Leadville to the order of "J. B. B.:"
he did not remember its exact
amount, but thought it was for about
$2000. It was to be divided among
four different gentlemen. Judge
Bowen (afterwards Senator Bowen)
was one of the partv. In
reply to lngersoll witness
said his (witness) initials were placed
on tne cnecK, ana uorsey suggested
that Chas. W. Tankersly was one of
the party to collect it; did not know
on what bank the check was drawn;
it nau oeen given to lanicersiy be
cause the latter was Dorsey's attor
ney, and the check had to be collected
out ot town.
"Yes, it was a draft on New Y'ork
for $1500," interrupted S. W. Dorsey.
Witness had never been interested
in the mail bussness, and the check
was not given him in any such con
"Was it a business transaction f
inquired Merrick.
Witness smiled blandly and the
court remarked:
"You cannot ask that, Mr. Merrick."
M. C. Rerdell was recalled and con
tradicted Jno. W. Dorsev where he
said that he (Rerdell) was in Wiish
ington in April, 1859.
Bliss then said that with the ex
ception of proof of the contents of
the Clendennin letter the prosecution
had concluded.
The court then adjourned.
The charges preferred by ex-Repre
sentative Murch were made public
to-day. The papers are drawn up in
legal form and are quite voluminous.
The charges are classed under five
different heads, substantially as fol
lows: -
1. The general charge of corruption,
fraud and extravagance against the
ring in the architect's office, composed
of Assistant Secretary French, Archi
tect Hill, Assistant Architect Jacobs,
A. G. Thompson, Wm. H. Powers, B.
F. Little, Gannon Church, Jordan
Barslett, Robins & Co., and others.
. .2. Charge that Hill corruptly admin
istered the patronage of his office
against the interests of the United
3. Charge that contractors known
to be guilty of fraud are especially
favorea by the supervising architect,
having been largely overpaid by
many thousands of dollars and other
wise corruptly benefitted.
4. Charge that unskilled and incom
petent persons are knowingly em
ployed in the architect's office and paid
at the rates due the competent per
sons, who hold sinecures and do other
work for which they arepaid.
5. The charge that contracts have
been let in violation of law to per
sons not the lowest bidders, and that
prices have been paid for labor and
material known to have been extor
tional and excessive; that vouchers
have been paid for labor and materials
never furnished, and that vouchers,
bids and contracts have been unlaw
fully and corruptly altered to the ad
vantage and benefit of contrac
tors. Contractors alleged to
have been improperly favored are
the following: Cape Ann granite
company, Dix Island granite compa
ny. Bid well granite company, Hurri
cane Island granite company Old
Dominion granite company, V f&thal I j
granite company, Collins ',ranity '
company, and Bartlett. Kobi.no &
One of the specifications alleges that
the persons named ,' in tno
ring and their associates have
exacted fees, conimissijiu', ferceiiW
ages, per cent of shares, etc., from
contractors. An" specification is
that employes in the office h;ive u-' 1
materials in the d.igu and construc
tion of private dwellings. Anion
witnesses named are Secretary Fni -Senator
Dawes, A. 15. Mulleti. W
Steinn.etz. T. A. Oakshott, J. M.
bur Jos. W orms, J.W.I laron. Michael
G il 'lent, T. L. James and T. 11
Cincinnati, April n. Judge
HHfy' r tl?i3 Ci,ty' 1X11,1 Winchester
?"W0t- ""jokiyn. counsel tor
Mrs. Catherine Chase Sprague, to-ia v
svnt froi here u. letter to the editor
of the V indicator, at Staunton Yir
F h1. ?effn to the statement pu!
i'nthat Paper on March l!;. in
which Governor Snmo-no
sented as having sai3 to trie Work
of the court, to common wealth's
attorney Uud to Rev. ,. ji
Huliiou, that in order to
procure license to murrv ,,i i..
duce the minister to perform the cer
emony, that he brought suit against -
airs. Spnigue. askinu- tvr ....
the ground of adulterv? t'hnt
answered, charging bim with the
same offense: that artHru-urjj v.
withdrew the charges against 'him,
but his remained, nn.i i,
granted a divorce on th urmn.j
named in his Petition un,i ihu
court divided custody of the children.
i accuracy the minister
reduced the above statement i ;(.
jng. I he counsel say they can hardh
believe it possible that such pei ver
sion of tacts could be made, but as
they have seen no contradiction they
asked the Vindicator to publish the
facts as they are in justice to Mr.
Sprague. Thev then
Spraguo brought suit for divorce
in Rhode Island, charging adultery,
cruelty and failure to support her. k
lie answered by crossbill charging
uet wnu aumtery. She prepared
pro.f to support idl her allegations,
but on trial Gov. Sprague and counsel
proposed thut if Mrs. Sprague would
wane proi iw to his adultery
he would withdraw his petition
mil rwLri., 4 1... ... a i
.mi, me ea.e to proceed on th
uiuuei cuarge ot non-support Thi
I'lujiosiuon was accent A ,1..
was granted Mrs. SnniiTTS,. tt.iT"
ground, and she was given custody of
the three younger children, the other
child being, under the laws of Rhode
Island, not subject to the. control ot
the court. In view of all these facial
counsel say they have advised Mrs.
Sprague to avail herself of the per
mission of the court to resume her
maiden name. 1 1
oVation to hoyalty.""-
Ottawa. April 17. The
general and Princess Louise had a i
most cordial recention t.rwiav n., V
the arrival ot the train t.h i.in.i t
played "God Save the
guard of honor presented arms. The
princess was given three rousing
cheers, the compliment lieing ae- I
knowlodged with a graceful bow. '
iter Highness shook hands wit h th
ministers of the crown and their la
dies, and many prominent citizens, su ,
she piissed through the crowd ou
the way to the carriiige. Leaving
the depot the liand played "Home
Sweet Home," and louquets were
thrown into the carriage. All along I
Llqin 'street the nartv wm i.h,i.ri '
heartily, ; " "V
Eight policemen from Tomnt.r re
main here one month on special duty
u wuiiccuuu witn tne government
house and parliament buildings. An
extra guard was placed at Itideau
hall to-night. ,
OOMI'AKATIVK fiqukes." , -Philadelphia.
April 17 Th n'
nual report of the American iron and
steel association shows a large de
crease in the production of iron, railn
m 1882 over 18iil. and a small lwr!iu
in the production of open hearth steel
lausanu crucible steel ingots. In all '
these article it was increased in 1882
over 1881, with the single exception
of pig iron. However t.hA i
was in no instance large, and even in
pig iron only 11 per cent. The iron
and steel ingots for 1882 made total
of 1,335,371 tons. Thn vaHiw-e nn-Z
iron and steel exports foi th.-itTTr
$19,029,759. .Our Pig iron production
for 1882 was obtained In twentv-siv
states and Utah territory, and of a
total of 5,178.122 tons. Pr -nnsvivnnin
produced 2.449.250 tons. The
of iron vessels built during the vear,
was 40,097 tons, much ths largest lift
our history. - . , ,
Louisville.' April 17. The sug
gestion has been made to (nvert the
muis iue industrial Exposition
building into a hotel for the accom
modation of visitors to the Louisville
Southern Exposition this year. The
building is a large brick, substantial
and imposing in appearance. The
structure can be readily arranged to
comfortably accommodate two thou
sand guests. The ground on which
the building stands has been pur
ch;tsed by the government as a site
ior a new custom house - ami
request has been Torwunled to.
the secretary of the treasury to
permit tne ouiiuing to remain.
Morristown, 3T. J., April 17.
James Triglown, sentenced to be
executed to-morrow for the murder of
Minnie Chiqurin, Confessed his state
ments at the time of the trial against
the girl was false. He never knew
anything detrimental"to her charac
ter. He confessed to. having mot
Minnie and Harry James, his rival,
along a towpath and attempted to
shoot James, but his revolver missed
fire the first time and Minnie, stepping
between himself and James, received
the second shot.
Victoria, B. C. April 17. A ship
ping disaster unparalleled at this port
occurred yesterday. Four ships were
blown ,ashore. The hurricane lasted
fifteen hours. Vessel after vessel
parted anchor and was driven ashore.
One sailor was killed by the falling
of a spar. The names of the ships
ashore are: Gettysburg, Southern
Chief, American Tiger and Con
naught. On shore little or no damage
was done, except to trees and fences.
It is said masters were warned to tak'
ships inside Esquimaux harbor,
they neglected the warning. .
Berlin, April 17. It is likely the
coronation of the car will be post
Eoned until the 10th of June. - The
itest proclamation of the .Nihilists
merely refers to the czar in a scornful
way, saying he is beneath criticism.
Well informed persons in Russia ex
press the opinion no danger is to be
feared by the czar at his coronaticrtr '
with, perhaps, the exception of the
action of isolated fanatics, and even
that is unlikely.
London, April 17. In the house of
lords the duke of Richmond' and G.
Gorton moved that the papers regard
ing foot and mouth disease
of cattle be presented to v
the house, and asked why the impor-C
tation of cattle from tho United
States, as well as from France, was
prohibited. The lord president of tho
council and minister of aaxicultiire.
denied that the disease was prevalent
to any large extent in America. Al
though the disease existed there, the
wholesale prohibition of import;;-,
tion of American cattle was not jus- '
Dublin. April 17. The trial of
Daniel . Curley was resumed this
morning. Joseph South, one of the
prisoners who turned informer, wa-i
M3e first wittess called. His evidence
was merely a repetition of that given
at the trial if Joe Brady. Peter
Carey, brother of James Carey, was
next plwfl 'ti te stand and tet tilled "
mat arter Cavendish ana uurke were
murdered he was. detailed to y-
the movements
ru? tin tot, who, it was li
if vicifcles, would give in
tho authorities and f
wanted to murder.

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