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r' Y THE STATESMAN. AUSTIN. TEXA Alabama has established a state jureau of agriculture. To add to Dorsey's troubles, ex Gov. Lilly, of Washington, has brought suit against him for dam ag s sustained by assaalt. A census, taken by municipal au thority, of Kichmond, Virginia, puts the population at 70,634. By the census of 1880 it was 63,600. Tue convict question has not yet been settled by the New York legis lature. They need a little Texas "get up and git" in the Empire state. The Jews in Great Britain ar6 said to have more children who can read and write, in proportion to their num ber, than any other denomination. The full text of the land bill, pass ed during the last days of the legisla ture, is published in another column. It has already gone into effect as a law of the state. Seven thousand men are now em ployed on the canal work across the isthmus. Of these two hundred were, the other day, reported in hospital and fifteen dangerously sick. Professional incomes in Germa ny are very small in comparison with those in America. The average in come of a judge, lawyer, doctor, pro fessor or superior officer is not gencr- erally more than $1000. At TnE late meeting of the Iro quois club in Chicago,, at which were presena good many shining lights of Democracy, Samuel J. Tilden was the choice for presidential nominee in 1884. In spite of the .-sentiment then and there expressed, the Statesman thinks Mr. Tilden not the proper man for the nomination. The amount of corn used last year in the southern states for human food was 63 185,261 bushels, or 16 per cent ; for feed lor work animals, 186,306,937 bushels, or 47.2 per cent ; for feed for cattle and swim1, 103,953,517 bushels or 26.3 per cent, and shipped from the country 41,249,535 bushels, or 10.0 per cent. ' The error seems to prevail that re sumption means the working of all convicts inside the penitentiary walls This is not the case; resumption means that the state shall manage the convicts and that wherever they may be worked they are to be directly un- care of . the state; in other words that they are not the property of individuals, bargained, sold and de livered for a term of years. American trade with Mexico has increased within the past four years more than 100 per cent. In the same period. English exports to Mexico have increased 23 per cent while Mex- ican exports to England have fallen off 22 per cent. French trade with Mexico shows ajsmall decrease in the same period. These facts, from the Mexican "blue book," show that America is profiting far more than any other country by the "new devel opvnent" in Mexico. " The action of the capitol board in fixing the strength of cement to be used in the construction of tho new capitol at three hundred and fifty textile, and two thousand crushing force is an argument against the em ployinent of boards. One man who chose to be informed would hardly have made such a mistake as to fix the strength of cement at a standard never before known in architec ture. It was because of the incom petency of boards that we urged the management of the school lands be placed under the commissioner of the general land office. The capitol "board knew nothing about cement, and yet one member of that board thought he knew more about cement than the ancient pyramid builders. The mistake made by the board is of such nature that there ap pears but one way out yet to amend the contract so to as to put the cspi tol up out of standard cement. Between 1870 and 1881 16,68 (tchool houses were erected in France at an average cost of $2600. In a re cent statement M. Jules Ferry said, in vindication of the money spent on duration by the government, that there was not a village church but cost $8000, and that the school was at least of equal value. Twenty years ago the ambition was to erect churches. Xow it is to erect schools. In the course of ten years it is ex pected that 40,000 schools will be rected throughout the country, at a cost of $60,000,000 to the localities and $140,000,000 to the state. In the event of any parish proving contu macious the prefects are invested with compulsory authority. The school buildings are to be modeled After the best patterns of those of England, Belgium, Saxony and Wur . temberg, and the value of the play ground is much insisted upon. . Secretary Chandler's presence in Florida calls to mind a period in the political history of this country, which in the light of calm reflection among tfce. rising generation must cause a biush of shame to rise to the cheek of every American who cherishes pure government and its main support the supremacy of popu lar wilL On the 7th of November, 1876, directly after the presid&itial - election of that year, Chandler was at his home and the news came that the Republican candidate was defeated. Early on the morning of the 8th he was at the Republican headquarters in New York City, and while others were dismayed he took in the situation and straightway telegrams were sent to Florida, Louisiana, South Carolina, and Oregon instructing'the party managers to claim the vote of these states. From that day to the time when the shameful enlistment of a United States supreme court in the cause of fraud was secured, the conspiracy begun by Chandler was icontinuous. When ft became neces sary for a faithful representative of the party to go to Florida to manipu late the vote at that etate, Chandler took the job, and he did his part welL It is strange, when candi dates ere ' being canvassed by Republicans, that Chandler is pot aamed to lead the host. lie saved sthe Republican party in 1S76. and', of all men in the prrty he deserved j liecause thereof the greatest conslder atiou, He suoyid have beennomi-j r.atfd ia i;iV iosteai of Garfield. j There is said to be a growing cool-. nesa on the part of the Britishers, j because me unitea states govt-; m nglanu's future battles. Al mentdoes not interfere and prevent ! though scarlet will continue to be the Irish agitation in thia countrv. Thfcit O'Donovan Iiossa is permitted to re main unmolested in this country is accepted as an outrage against and an insult to England. All this in dignation arises from the fact that these English people do not un derstand our system of government. There has, of course, been too much wisdom in the English government for any notice of what is complained of to secure official recognition, and not until the English minister at Washington is instructed to inquire into these matters can any notice of them be taken by the federal authori ties. If it could be proven that Amer ican money and material has been or is being used to aid in lawless attempts against the English government and the English people, then there would be subject matter for international adjustment, but until this is shown the unkind feeling in England will have to take its course and find vent only in a per sonal way. There is some reason to suppose that a kind of conspiracy to injure British subjects and property may exist, and it is certain that large sums of money have been raised in this country avowedly for the purpose of causing the British lion to quake with terror. But as yet the threats and loud talk have been in inverse ratio to the harm done. So long as the re. suits ,of the movement are only subject of ridicule, our government may have felt that to notice the doings and sayings of Iiossa or any other agitator would be to lend it an importance which it would not other wise have. There is no doubt as to iVmerican sentiment upon the kind of warfare which Rossa advocates; it Is at once with the best Irish sentiment upon the matter, and when there is reason for action on the part of our government there will be no hesita tion. The Williams Ranch aerolite hav ing turned out a hoax, what will the St. Louis Republican say about it? It printed the telegram, and then overflowed scientifically in near column editorial on the subject of meteors. It thinks it possible the hoax was thrown from one of the moon's craters. The proper place for all short term convicts is outside the penitentiary walls. There is more of humanity in working them on farms than in prison walls, and to keep them thus em ployed is not in the nature of antago nism to other labor. Fifty thousand convicts might be worked on plan tations without detriment to other labor, and with vast benefits to districts languishing for the lack of agricultural laborers. MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS AND THINGS. During the last fifteen years the Baltimore American has been de fendant in libel suits aggregating over 3,uuu,uuo. me sum wnicn me aggrieved parties have actually re ceived reaches just s&uu. The Italians are not credited with making much of a fuss over their babies' diet. Sir Wm. Jenner say: that in Italy children, when m, nursed, are fed on a pap of boiled bread mixed with garlic and oil washed down with sour wine and water. It is one of the customs of the Rus sian carnival to eat buckwheat cakes in great numbers. Rich aud poor, high and low, contrive for a whole week to eat buckwheat cakes at least three times a day. Butter, salt and fresh half liquid caviar are eaten with them. Bets are made as to who can consume the greatest number, and there are instances where an individ- ual has eaten as many as forty cakes as large as a saucer at one meal, help ing them down with red wine or hot tea. A child has been born in Turkish Kurdistan with a full head and mus- tiiche. a Derfect set of thirtv-two teeth and no fewer than forty distinct and well formed lingers. .Naturally such a prodigy attracted great atten tion, but several visitors inspected it at their cost; for it snapped its thirty two teeth at everybody who came within range with such energy and success that it became necessary to extract all tne front ones. It is a wonderful thing to see the infant ly ing in its cradle, stroking its beard with its forty lingers. A few days before congress ad journed Senator Harris, of Tennes see, a rather plain looking old gentle man, went into the rooms of the senate committee on claims to look up the case of i Tennessee friend rue cierK ot a senate committee is alway a bigger man than the chair man, or the president of the senate for that matter. The clerk of this particular committee had never seen Harris before, and he did not like the somewhat imperative way in which Harris asked for information about his friend's claim. "Are you the claimant V" he finally asked sharply, "No," said Harris, "I am not?" "Are you his attorney V still more sharply, "No," said Harris, as quietly as be- tore, "i am not. "Well, then what " interest have you in the case? asked the clerk in the high keyed-George-Jiliss tone. "Oh, not much, responded the senator bland ly, "but the people dawn there sent me to the senate, and as the claimant in tne case is my- constituent. thought the best I could do was to ak about it." For once the clerk wilted. The multitude of invalids who go to x loriua nave an eye to business well as to health, and it is their in vestment of capital, principally, that is developing the resources of the state. Railroads are extending in all directions, a. new line to .New Or leans, following the coast, has just been "completed. Another from Jack sonville to St. Augustine is in process of construction. Two lines are pushing south toward Tampa bay. Two more are look ing toward the Indian river. Still another scheme, controlled by Gen. Gordon, of Georgia, is for a railroad from Jacksonville to the extreme southern end of the peninsula. The Okeechobee drainage company is mak ing progress with its undertaking, and is perfectly confident f reclaiming hundreds of thousands of acres adapt ed to sugar culture. The orange in terest is also rapidly increasing. In Orange county are thousands cf young groves, from five to 125 acres in extent, just beginning to bear. The thoroughbred stallion Ononda ga was recently blinded by a veterina ry surgeon at Lexington.Kentucky, in order to subdue him. He was ex tremely vicious, and all the or dinary efforts at control had failed. Chloroform was administered to him, and w hile he lay helpless a fine needle was thrust into each eye. Ken tucky horsemen differ in opinion about tliis severe treatment. Some talk of prosecution on a charge of cruelty, while others justify the act. Milt Js. Young, the owner of the horse, said to a Cincinnati Enquirer correspondent: "Onondaga was so savage that we could do nothing with him. We tried all the common ways of subjugation in vain. It came to a choice between killing him or testing the effects of putting out his eyes. ' The horse was very iU for weeks after the operation, but has recovered fullv. and is Fueieiently docile to be easily tofitrolltd. ' ! EDITORIAL NOTES. i The "thin red line" will not be seen 1 national uniform, imarkee will be worn on service. Jr rom experiments with different colors the most deceiv ing proved to be the neutral tint, such as that to be worn in the future. A Rome telegram says that two old maids, the last descendants of Ameri go Vespucci, who gave his name to America, are now begging that the pension of ten crowns a month a.si- signea to tneir iamiiy oy tne repuunc of Florence in 1680 may be restored to them. The last male of the fam ily, named Amerigo, died seven years ago. f - - T v i- r T T : : i . . r rviuir jvaia&aua, ul ii.inuu. ion ui- ten been a target for humor, but at least he has the good sense not to waste the scanty resources of his kingdom on a big standing army, like his brother kings, barbaric and civil ized, it is said mat his whole mili tary establishment, outside of musi- cians and escorts, consists of forty- nine soldiers. It is certain that ho does not have an army, in the mod ern sense, and also that his island throne is nevertheless as secure as though he maintained - forty-nine thousand soldiers, while his people are more prosperous. Some statistics of the grain trade of the port of New York indicate that not an atom or last year s expor s was carried in an American vessel. There were Austrian,Danish, Dutc-h.French, German. Spanish. Swedish, .Norwe gian and Portuguese carriers, but no American, lhe Belgian vessels aione took away over five million bushels; the Italian, three million; the Dutch, two million; the British, between twenty-six and twenty-seven million That the foreign carrying trade should vastly surpass the home mar ine would, oi course, be' looked tor; but that out of more than lorty-six million bushels exported not a solita ry little bushel was taken in an Amer ican vessel, and that over thirteen hundred foreign vessels did the whole business, is rather queer tor a sea faring country. Senate Bill No. 269. An Act to provide for the classifica tion, sale and lease of the lands heretofore or hereafter surveyed and set apart for the benefit of the common school, university, the lu natic, blind, deaf and dumb and orphan asylum funds. Section 1. Be it enacted by the legislature of the state of Texas, That all lands heretofore or hereafter surveyed and set apart for the benefit i oi the common school, university, the lunatic, blind, deaf and dumb and orphan asylum funds may be sold and leased as hereinaiter provided. Sec. 2. There shall be, and and is hereby created, a state land board, which shall be composed or me gov- ernor, attorney general, comptroller, treasurer and commissioner ot the general land oftice, who shall exercise the powers and periorm tne duties hereinafter provided. Sec. 3. The said state land board shall, under such regulations as they may prescribe, cause tne said land to be classified into agricultural, pasture and timber land, and ascertain whi h tracts have permanent water en them, or bordering on them, and cause a tabulated statement of the lands in each county to be made, showing the number of survey, block, quantity in each survey, name of com pany or individual to whom the certi ficate was granted, the value of the improvements and the owner, and such other descriptions ana mtorma tion as may be deemed necessary, and a permanent record thereof shall be made and preserved in the general land office, and a copy of each record relating to a county shall be forward ed to the surveyor of such county or land district in which the land is situ ated ; but nothing herein shall be con strued to require any further classifi cation of such of said lands as have already been classified, unless the state land board shall believe that the same is necessary to ascertain the ti ue value or class of such land. Sec. i. Said land shall in no case be sold for less than two dollars per acre for surveys of land without water on them or bordering on them, nor for less than three dollars per acre for land with permanent water on them or bordering on them, nor for less than five dollars per acre for land having timber thereon suitable for lumber, nor for less than two dollars per acre for land having timber theron not suitable for lumber and classed as timbered lands. Sec. 5. Any actual settler upon any land included in this act who is now and was an actual settler in good faith on the first day of January, A. D. 1883, shall have the right for a period of six months from the time the land shall bejplaced upon the market for sale, to purchase not less than 160 acres nor more than 640 acres of the land so settled upon, at the minimum price fixed by this act, and on the terms and rate of interest fixed by this act; provided, however, that any actual settler in good faith upon any lands m any county which have been ap praised by the proper survey- -r, and such appraisement has been approved by the commissioners court of the proper county, in accordance with the provisions of sections two and three of the act approved April 6.A.D. 1881. concerning the sale of alternate sections of school lands in organized and unorganized counties of this state and such appraisement has been filed in the general land office, but which lands have or nave not been placed upon the market under such appraise ment, shall be permitted to purchase not less than 160 acres (unless there is a fraction of less than 160 acres now existing) nor more than 640 acres of the land upon which they have settled (to include their improvements) at the price per acre fixed bysuch appraise ment, but shall be required to pay the rate of eight per cent interest, as fixed by said act ot April 6, A. JJ. 1881, and shall be permitted to pay all or any part of the purchase money thereof at any time. Such purchaser shall, in all other respects, conform to the provisions of this act; provided. however, that any such person desir ing to purchase any ot such lands so appraised shall, within six months from the time this act takes effect. file in the general land office his appli cation to purchase Baid land, describ ing it, and on payment of one-thirti eth of the purchase money and one year's interest, and forwarding his affidavit, stating that he is and was on the first day of January, A D, 1883, an actual settler in good faith upon said land, and that he settled on it with a view to purchase it, to gether with the affidavit of at least two credible citizens of his county, mowing that such applicant is and was a settler in good faith upon Baid land; provided, iowever, that such land having timber thereon suitable for lumber or shingles, and chiefly valuable on that accent, shall be sold tor cash only, and may be pur chased ui quantities ot not less than eighty acres nor more than three hun dred and twenty acres; and, provided further that other timbered lands may be purchased at two dollars per acre; and, provided further, that no prefer ence in the right of purchase given by this or any other section of this bill shall extend to or include any minerals, but the same shall remain the property of the respective funds to which said lands belong. Sec 6. The lands when placed upon the market, shall be sold in the county or land district in which it is situated, by such authority and under such system of competition as may be pre scribed by said land board; provided, that no person, either in person or by an agent, shall purchase -from the state more than one section of land classed as agricultural land, or as watered land, and seven sections of un watered pasture land; provided, the board may, in their discretion, re quire the purchaser of any particu lar section of watered pasture land to take with the same such a number of dry sections as they may designate, not to exceed seven sections; and every attempt to evade the limitation of this act as to the anioagt or class of land one may purchase, bytay de- i vice whatever, shall be deemed frrd- ulent, and the fraud may be shown ; i . i ,1 t i ., ! anu me purcnase cancenea id state wkhin one vear from the" date - of sale; provided, that the agrioul- tural lands shall be sold only to actual settlers; and, provided further, that no person shall be permitted to pur chase more than three sections of 640 acres within five miles of the geo graphical centre of any county. No corporation shall be perm if ted to acquire title to more man one section of land in any one countv. T-4.ii , : ,.- : i 1 by the board, the land shall be placed upon tne market in the following manner: When the tabulated state ment shall have been forwarded to the surveyor of the county or land district, and the board shall have des ignated some one to represent the state in the disposition of the land in such county, or land district, and no tice ot such facts shall under direc tion of the board have been published in not more than three newspapers of the state, and shall have been pub lished under the direction of the perr son authorized to sell, for thirty days in the section where the land is situ ated, the lands of such county, or land district, shall be considered upon the market for sale, and the person des ignated to represent the state shall re ceive bids for the same. Sec. 8. The person desiring to pur chase any of said land shall file his application with the person author ized to sell, designating the particular section or tract less than a section which he desires to purchase, and ac companying it with a sufficient sum of money to pay for advertising the bid in such manner as may be pre scribed by the board, and on the first Tuesday of the month designated in the advertisement, and after at least twenty days' notice, the person having authority shall sell the same to the highest and best bidder, at the courthouse of the county in which it is situated if in an organized county, or if an un organized county at the courthouse i door of the county to which it is at attached for surveying purposes. The application shall be considered the first bid unless raised before of fered at public outcry, and any one desiring to raise the bid may do so by notifying the seller in writing at any time before it is put up at public out cry, or orally at the public auction. No bid shall be received at a less sum than the minimum price fixed by the law, nor shall any fraction of less than 160 acres be left by such sale, nor shall any frac tion of less than 320 acres' be di vided; nor shall such section be di vided into other than halt a quarter section. Should the person advanc ing the money for advertising the bid as above provided, not become the purchaser of the land bid for, s'aid money shall be returned to him and collected from the purchaser; pro vided that no sale of agricultural land shall be perfected until the proposed purchaser files an af fidavit that he intends that the land shall be actually settled within six months; and in case of failure to settle the same within that time, the proposed purchaser shall forfeit the money alreatly paid on the hind. Sec. 9. The purchaser shall at once pay to the persons selling for the state, or to the state treasurer, as the board may determine, and within such time as it may fix. one-thirtieth of the amount bid, and execute his ob ligation for the remainder of the pur chase money, payable to the state ot Texas, and binding the purchaser to pay one-thirtieth of the whole price the first day of each succeeding year until the whole is paid, and interest at the rate of five per cent per annum on the whole unpaid purchase money from date, payable annually on or be fore the first day of March of each year; and provided, that after the ex piration of seven years, the purchaser shall have the option to pay the un paid piincipal, and providing that a failure to pay the annual installments of principal shall not work a forfeit ure until the whole sum is due; pro vided, that upon proof of actual occu pancy, use and improvements for three consecutive years, the purchaser shall be permitted to pay all ot the purchase- money remaining un paid; provided further, that any person acting as agent or attorney for another in the pur chase of any of said lands shall file with the person authorized to sell, a legally executed power of attornev from his principal, or other instru ment or writing from a court of com petent authority to invest him with power to consummate a contract. Sec. 10. If upon the first day of March' of any year the interest due remains unpaid the custodian of the obligation of the purchaser shall en dorse on it "land forfeited," and the account kept with the purchaser shall show such failure to pay, and such forfeiture; the failure to pay the inte rest shall ipso facto work a forfeiture and the entry on the account shall be evidence of the fact, and there shall be no necessity for judicial ascertain ment of the fact of the forfeiture; and no defaulting purchaser or those claiming under him, shall evade or avoid the effect of such forfeiture at once by reason of any statute or law. which, for coverture, infancy or the like, would otherwise give them additional time ior pavments or action, except as follows; should any purchaser die, the representative or heirs of the deceased shall have one year within which to pay the interest due on the first of March next alter such death. Sec. II. The person authorized to make sales shall receive such obli gations for the state, and account for the money and notes received by him at such times and in such manner as may be prescribed by the board Sec. 12. That in case any purchaser desires to sell the land purchased by mm, ne may ao so arter his nrst pay ment, and in case of such sale his vendee shall file in the office of the custodian of the original obligation of his yendor, a properly authenticated transter signed by said vendor and vendee, duly acknowledged and re corded in the proper countv. and said vendee shall thereby assume the obli gation and be liable to the penalties imposed upon the original purchaser, and said original purchaser shall thereby be relieved from any further liability upon his obligation. Sec. 13. Upon payment of all the purchase money and interest upon notes given for the land under this act, the commissioner of the general land office shall issue a patent to the purchaser or his assigns or heirs, up on payment ot the tees prescribed by law; provided, mat no patent so issued shall include more than six hundred and forty acres, nor shall t contain portions of any other sections, provided further, that no patent shall issue to agricultural lands until proof of actual settlement shall be made in such manner as may be prescribed by me board. Sec. 14. The minerals on all lands sold or leased under this act are re served by the state for the use of the tund to which the land now belongs, - Sec. 15. The said land board shall cause the timber on the school land suitable for lumber or shingles to be sold at not less than five dollars per acre, cash; no less than 640 acres shall b included in one sale. The pur chaser shall be required to remove the timber - sold within a .specified time, not exceeding tour years, l he board shall appoint such agents and make such regulations relating to the sale of said timber as may be neces sary, m their judgment, to eiiect the objects herein sought. Land which has on it timber suitable ' for lumber and shingles shall not be sold except to actual settlers, and at a price not less than five dollars per acre, under such regulations as the board may prescribe: in tracts ot not less than 160 nor more than 640 acres, the land board shall in every sale of timber or timbered land, where the timber is suitable for lumber or shin gles, make such provision in the sale as will protect the timber from tres pass on adjacent land embraced by this act not sold; provided that if any purchaser of said timbered land, be fore final and full payment, shall cut, sell or destroy, or permit any one else to cut or aeuiroy any more umoer slgntd by people or au political par than is necessary in clearing and 1m- tits', proving said lands, and for fire wood i i J i i : .. l ,.i li c e. : du uuuuiu purpusm, ue auau luuwt all claim to said land, and in case of any violation or mis provision oi mis act, it shall be the duty ot the proper district or county attorney to insti tute suit in the district court of the county in which the land is situated in the name of the state, asrainst anv such purchaser, to have such forfei-; ture duly adjudged and executed and a judgment entered for the state fori such damages as mav be established ' on the trial of said cause. Sec 16. Pasture lands or agricultu ral lands not timbered, may be leased in suitable quantities for stock and ranch purposes for not less than four cents per acre per annum, and for pe riods not exceeding ten years, by such agents and under such reg ulations as the board may prescribe. The regulations shall provide for com petition. Leases shall be made in the localities where the land is situated. Where there is an application for both sale and lease the sale shall have the preference. Sec 17. All lands leased shall re main subject to purchase for actual settlement in bodies not to exceed 640 acres; but before said purchaser shall be permitted to buy leased land he shall swear that he actually in tends to settle on it, and until he does actually settle, build and fence there on, the lessee shall remain in posses sion; provided, that when the lessee has but one watered section leasde from the state in the same vicinity, such section shall not be subject to sale and settlement during the term of the lease; and provided further, that when a sale is made of leased land, then the lessee shall be entitled to have a pro rata of any rent which he shall have paid in advance, refund ed to him by the treasurer of the state, upon warrant drawn by the comptroller by order of the land board, provided that no enclosure bor dering on, along or across any stream of water shall be of a width of more than four miles, and a space of at least forty yards shall be lelt open be tween all such enclosures. Sec. 18. The said land board shall have the power to employ and dis charge such persons as may be neces sary to enable them to cause this act . , . ,v- - . i . . ,1 a l-. lo ue emcieuuy exevutcu, uuu u turn compensation and may delegate to them such power as may be necessary to enable them to aid in carrying out the provisions of this act. The ex penses ot semng and leasing tne school, university, or the lunatic, blind, deal and dumb or orphan asy lum lands shall be paid out of the proceeds of the sales and leases.except that paid by the purchaser under such regulations as tne said ooara may prescribe. Sec. 19. All laws and parts of laws in conflict herewith are hereby re- peided. Sec. 20. The fact that there is no law authorizing the sale and lease of the land herein for a sufficient price under fair competition, and the tact that this measure may fail if it is de- laved to come ud in regular order. creates an imperative public necessity and emergency that me rule requir ing this bill to be read on three sev eral days be suspended and that this act shall takelettectfrom anc after its i Ta. : - . 1 passage, axiu iu is ho euacieu. Approved April 13, 1883. FASHION D'AXCIES. Gloves remain very long. Mitts have very long wrists. Every kind of plaid and check will be worn. The newest coiffures show more of the forehead. Low-heeled shoes are de rigueur for small children. The low-heeled English walking shoe grows in popularity The pout in the back is a feature in new costumes and wraps, Old rose and rose boreale are the new names for ashes of rose3. Jet bids fair to be as popular as ever in decorative dress ettects, The most daring liberties are taken in color combinations this spring, There is a return of favor to button ed boots in preference to laced ones, Large buckles or slides are the pre ferred ornaments of large hat and bonnets. Ribbon bows and cock's-comb cock ades decorate costumes as well as bonnets. Embroideries on light wool fabrics are done in cross stitches of old-fashioned samplers. The long wrists of mitts and gloves have a fanciful finish of shirring, puns and ribbons. Carrot-colored gloves are worn with absinthe-colored dresses at private balls and evening receptions. As many as eight different colored ribbon cockades with cock's comb ends are seen on some new bonnets, Raspberry red succeeds strawberry and terra-eotta; the more purplish raspberry shades are the most stylish. The most elegant parasols for full dress this spring are of silk or satin in some approved hue, with lace cover. Cockades of ribbon in two contrast ing colors, the ends of the loops cut into cock's-combs.trim many bonnets. The new Watt' au and court train draperies are attached to the left shoulder, instead of jupt below the neck. Something novel in velvet brocade on satin is a design of leaves and stalks in shades of bronze with the new shrimp pink. The figured velveteen makes up prettiest with satin Surah or satin lihadames into stylish looking cos tumes at small expense. Scotch plaid silks of very dark colors are used in combination with Surah, and cashmere for semi-dress costumes for early spring. Black straw bonnets are bound and trimmed with gold braid Rosettes of the braid and notched black velvet ribbon surround the crown. Xuns' veiling dresses for young la dies have gimps of velvet set in with a point back and front, and a high puff of velvet on each shoulder. Brandebourgs join the panels on the sides of skirts of -wool dresses, and loops of ribbon fill up the center space between panels of silk or grena dine. The Fedora bonnet has a pointed brim, with a puffed crown, and is made of ihe yellow silks and laces that Sarah Bernhart has brought into fashion. Girls of all ages above two and sev enteen wear their front hair in a straight Vandyke band, and the back hair slightly crimped and flowing on the shoulders. The new shades of crushed fruits, terra-cotta,porcelain, blue and browns are lovely in velvet broche, on silk grenadine; also In new shot velvets and shot satins, which are to be made up together.. In summer silk there are specimens in stripes and checks, shades as well,and these are combined with silks with the same grounds, to which brocade figures have been added. Shot Surah, in small checks, is mixed with cashmere, the front of the dress being of the shot silk and the bodice and drapery of the cash mere. A Jnst Cans 1 or Reservation. fD.-Jlas Times. 1 The Philadelphia Times is very pop ular among the newspaper men of Texas. Their admiration for the ed itorials in that paper is so great that they steal its editorials even to the very colons, semi-colons and comas and forget to give credit. The Ga zette charges even that dignified jour nal, the Galveston Jlews, with this kind of admiration. We nave caught several of our neighbors in the same awkward p'redicament in which the News is found, but we never alluded to it, for fear that it might cause them to produce something original. Friends In Misfortune. San Antonio Express. Stillwell IL Russell's misfortunes appear to have developed friends f r him among all classes. Petitions for his pardon are being extensively cir- ; culated, we are told, and are being THE HIGHER COUBTS. IAIT3TIX TKRM 18S3.J Synopsis of Opinions of Court. the Supreme REPOETKD BY ED. J. UAMNRK. Parties desiring information ujxm matters SJ"1 eie'li?m reieivesuch hy TlUns our eourt Clayton vs. Kendall et al; from Barker county. For main point in this case see Clayton vs. Randall rt al, this issue. Held, the judgment is here reversed and so rendered as that appellants recover of appellees ;ul costs in this behalf expended both in this court and the court below, such judgment, however, not to be con strued as in anywise to prejudice the right of appellees to claim in the dis tribution of the trust estate as other creditors. Reversed and rendered. Stay ton. J. Clayton vs. Brown; frcm Parker county. Reference is also here made to the case of Clayton vs. Randall et al, and herein the judgment is re versed and rendered, in accordance with that opinion, so as to give ap pellee the right to claim as creditors in the distribution of the trust estate, but to tax all costs against him. Re versed and rendered. Stayton, J. Cushing vs. Steagall: from Dallas county. Upon authority of Meyberg vs. Steagall (51 Tex. 351) judgment in this case is reversed and remanded, with instructions to the district court to proceed with the trial of the case in accordance with the views of this court expressed in the case cited. Re versed and remanded. West, J. Cameron vs. Roemilee; from Collin county. The paper attached to the transcript purporting to be the state ment of facts, not being filed as the law requires, can not be considered, and in the absence of such a state ment we find no error in the judg ment. The Ptatement was not filed in time before the adjournment of court, and no order is entered on the minutes ot the court during term time granting leave to file the state ment after adjournment. Affirmed. Stayton, J. Clayton vs. Kandall et al; trom Parker county. The provision of the statute is that the bond or an as signee shall be approved by "the judge of the district or county court," and the tact that jurisdiction to try civil causes was withdrawn from the county court, does not render the per son holding the office of county judge powerless to tulhll the requirements of the statute in this respect. Re versed and rendered as in case of Clayton vs. Kendall et al, supra. Re versed and rendered. Stayton, J. Evans & Martin vs. Tucker; from Wise countv. An omission in the af fidavit to state that the defendant is "justly" indebted to plaintiff i3 fatal to the suit. The affidavit alleging a part of the debt to be due at the time, and a part to become due upon a fu ture day, it is sufficient to vitiate the attachment. Affirmed. Willie, c. J, Garnett vs. Long et al; from Lamar county. This case involving the same points as are passed upon in the case of Long et al vs. Garnett et al, refer ence to that case is made. Affirmed Opinion of Delany, J., adopted. Strong vs. Millett et al; from Wise county. The record hied in this case fails to disclose an appeal bond, with out which this court has no juris diction, and the appeal must lor that reason be dismissed. Speairs vs. Ligon; from Lamar county. The clause of the will, "I give and bequeath to my beloved wife all my personal property of every kind, also the remainder of my said tract of land to dispose of as she pleases, requesting her that she will so dispose of her property at her death as to make my youngest son an equal legatee with the balance or my chil dren," does not create a precatory trust in favor of appellant. -Opinion of Watts, J, adopted. Truitt vs. Blundell; from Clay county. No statement of facts tiled in vacation will be recognized unless it is filed withm ten days atter ad journment, and is authorized by an order of the district court entered of record during the preceding term. f4 Tex. Law Review. 51: 10 Idem. 152 Neither the approval of the judge in vacation or the filing of the written consent to such action made by them during the term would avail. Affirmed, west.J. Eubank & Co. vs. Landram; from Collin county. The constitution pro tects the surviving husband or wife in their homestead right whether as against the heirs of the deceased, or the creditors of the survivor so long as the survivor occupies it as such. This exemption does not depend upon the title being in the survivor at the time of the death of the marital partner. Affirmed. Opinion by Y atts, jM adopted. Cohen vs. Munson; from Grayson county. Appellant being a resident ot Harris county when the suit was brought and the administrator's bond on which he was surety not specify ing that the obligation was to be pay able in Grayson county, appellant's plea of personal privilege should have been sustained. Reversed and dis missed. Willie, C. J. II. & X. C. Ry. vs. MeXamara; from Grayson county. The charge asked by appellant not being applicable to the facts of the case and the instruc tions of the court giving the law of the case, the refusal was not error, 18 Tex. Law Review, 117: 9 Idem, 134. Under the facts of the case the judgment cannot be said to be exces sive. Atiirined. Hue, c. J. Garner et al vs. Thompson et al; from Grayson countv. lhe hrst point raised is disposed of by the case in 55 Tex; 350. Where the legal title to land is vested in the community es tate of husband and wife, the pur chaser from the survivor after the death of the wife is chargeable with notice of the community rights of the heirs ot the deceased. Affirmed. Watts. J. Shannon vs. Gray et al; from Gray son county. The first objection to the judgment is tuuy answered by the cases of Brown vs. Wall (23 Tex. 589) Johnson vs. Taylor (43 Tex. 122), and Grathaus vs. De Lopez, lately de cided. After the death of the wife the husband could sell the property tor the purpose ot paying the commu nity debt, without nrst quality ing as survivor in community. But if the law mav be otherwise, the conveyance of the land by Shannon for the pur pose of paying the community debt was an effectual bar to a recovery of the land or any part ot it by appel lant. Affirmed. Opinion of Watts, J., adopted. Long & Berry vs. Barrett et al; ap peal from Lamar county. Ordinarily a suit for contribution cannot be maintained by one partner against his co-partner during the existence of a partnership. Atter the dissolution of the firm, one of the members being compelled to pay a partnership debt, he may sue the others for their pro portion. After dissolution, one of the members cannot impose an obligation upon the hrm or vary the character of one existing, but where a party had been dealing with the firm, atter dis solution, but in ignorance thereof. one of its members gives him a Dote in a firm name, for a settlement of partnership debt, the partnership will be liable therefor. Affirmed. De lany, J. Rhine et al vs. Blake & Jenkins from Dallas county. The manner of conducting the examination of a wit ness is largely addressed to the dis cretion of the court. The rule that the cross examination must be con fined to the questions propounded and answered on the examination in chief is not followed in this state. So far as the term for which the rent is sued for is concerned, the lease had been made by the husband.the money to be received would have been com munity property and as absolutely subject to the control of the husband himself or his aijent as though the property which it resulted from was his separate estate. Affirmed. Stay ton. J. Watson vs. Allison; appeal from Tarrant county. When a creditor without the consent of the surety, by a valid agreement with the principal debtor extend the time for perform ing the contract, the surety is thereby discharged, although such extension ! ot time may be favorable to the sure- . .. n-i . 1 1 . . 1 i. ueu tne creaitor lanes amort gage from the principal debtor to se cure the debt, this of itself would not discharge the surety, unless by the terms of the mortgage time was ex tended upon the debt Aftirnied. Watts. J. Seuter & Co. vs. Lambeth et al: from Lamar countv. The purchaser having notice at the time of the sale or appellees rights cannot be held a purchaser without notice, although he had no actual notice of when the lien attached. If apppellants had purchased directly from the judgment debtor with the same notice of the existence of the vendor's lien, that they had when they obtained his title at the sheriffs sale, the result of the case under the statute would have been the same. Affirmed. West. J. Thompson vs. Miller: from Lamar county. The first assignment of er ror being too general is not noticed. The motion for new trial was prop erly overruled; it possessed no merit, nor was it entitled to consideration, without showing that defendant had used proper diligence to discover the evidence before the trial that he al leges he discovered after. Affirmed. Opinion by Walker, P. J adopted. .Marshall vs. Heard et al: from Col lin county. To give a party injured tne right ot action against the owner for damages arising from defects in rented premises, he must, show that such defects existed at the time the premises were leased. The demurrer to the petition was therefore properly sustained. Affirmed. Opinion of Watts, J., adopted. Banning as an Exercise. Herald of Health. Among the means which nature has bestowed on animals in general tor the preservation and enjoyment of life, running, says Mercurialis, is the most important. Since, then, it is pointed out to us by nature, it must be in a high degree innocent. It is very singular that we should appar ently do all we can which, fortu nately, is not much to make our children unlearn the art of running. Our earliest physical treatment of them seems calculated to destroy their aptitude tor it; in a little time, it is too often the case that the city boy scarcely dares look as if he wished to run. we prohibit it so strongly as vul gar, and when he is more grown up gentility steps m, and pro hibits it altogether. JViedicai pre judices and our own convenience con tribute likewise their share, and never allow our children, boys and girls, to acquire an art innocent of itself and necessary to alL It is possible that a person may get injury trom running, but the fault is not in the exercise, but in the person who runs without having had proper training and prac tice. Negroes and Indians in a state of nature run daily in pursuit of game for food with a facility at which we are astonished, but they are not more liable to consumption on this account than those beasts that are so famed for swiftness. The body of no animal seems better adapted to running than mans. The nobler parts, which might be injured by an immoderate innux ot blood, are uppermost, and the laws ot gravitation assist in propel ung me runner tor ward, lie has lit tie to do but to strengthen his limbs by practice and concentrate his mind on the effort, and there is nothing se vere in this, as experience has shown, Indeed, running may be made very beneficial to the lungs, and perhaps there is nothing better calculated to strengthen these organs, in those who are short-winded, than gradual, care ful training in this almost lost art, "As soon as children are expert in walking, turning, and the like." says tne sagacious Frank, "running races under proper precautions is an excel lent exercise for them.' The princi pal objects ot this exercise are to strengthen the limbs, develop the lungs, exercise the will, and promote the circulation oi tne oioou. Itunninir was so hierhiv esteemed bv the old Greeks, that Homer observed that no man could acquire greater fame than by being strong in bis hands, feet, and limbs; Plato recom mends running, not only to boys and girls, but to men; Seneca, who ex presses strong disapprobation of ath letics, recommends running to Lu cilius for exercise The following rules may be observed: Running should onlv be practiced in cool weather; as, for instance, in the late fall, winter, and early spring months. The clothing should be light, the head bare and the neck uncovered. As soon as the exercise is finished, warm clothing should be put on and gentle exercise continued for some time. It is not necessary to have a race course. The teacher of a school may take his pupils into the fields and find suitable ground, for them. Then his pupils may exercise their bodies in other ways, acquire strength, agil ity, health and the capacity of con tinued exertion; the will is brought into play vigorously, which is a great aid in the battle of life. Care must be taken not to overdo, and thus perhaps for life, weaken or injure the heart. The race, tit first, should be short and frequently re peated, rather than long, and full speed should not be attempted for some time. Running is well adapted to young and middle aged persons, but not to these who are fat. Sedentary persons may find great benefit in it after the day's work is ended . If they live in cities, a quiet spot in the park may be selected, and shoi t trials adapted to the strength entered into. Invalids may do the same thing, only th-y must be more careful than the robust never to over-exert themselves. Girls may run as well as boys, and, while they cannot go so fast, they Cfiu race much more gracefully and beau tifully. Indeed, there can be few more attractive sights than that of a race between beautiful girls from ten to twelve years of age. After pu berty, the change in the formation of the bones of the pelvis in girls ren ders running less easy and graceful. In ancient Greece girls were trained to run races as well as boys, and to their superb physical culture was in great part due the grandeur aud beauty of Greek life during the years of their ascendency. The modern style of dress for girls after puberty is also entirely unsuited to running. AGRICULTURAL ITEMS. The miller's toll is well earned in grinding corn for either cows or horses. Not only should it be ground, but it should be made as fine as for cooking purposes, else many of the coarser particles will be undigested. The granary should be entirely cleaned at least once a year, or it may breed weevil in the old grain. The wheat needed for flour for family use should be ground during some day in spring and kept in barrels in a cool place during summer. The dirt scraper can be profitably used in making open ditches through low lands. If properly managed the ditch will have such sloping banks that a wagon or reaper can pass over it. The earth spread over adjacent land is worth as manure all that the labor will cost. . It never pays to underfeed any thing. Even if the animal is only keep in store condition, that is, neither giving milk nor fattening, a little grain will do no harm. Young heif ers, however, should not be given fattening food before they have their first call : Hence oats and bran are better than corn. As the seed grain is the first re source of the plant germ for food, it is important that the seed be well Eraded and only the heaviest sown, ess seed will be needed, for the plants will be stronger and tiller more. In fact, the lighter grains may be saved for feed, and the crop will be quite as large as if they were sown. It is a fact not generally known that new flour is not so good as that some time ground. Some housewives get the idea that when the grit is sent to market the miller puts a little better quality of flour in the bottom of the barrel to induce his customers to call again. : But if the flour were turned out, the last would be the best. Correspondence Between Hon. W. X. Brown and Got. Ireland. Austin, April 17, 1883. Hon. Joliu Ireland. Governor: Dear Sir Since the action of the legislature in providing for the ap- puiiibuicub ui it uuauciai agent oi penitentiaries, partial friends from various parts of the state have been pleased to express to me a favorable opinion of my capacity to render the state some service in such a position. iiuuo tue peuiLeutiary ulu was penn ing, a number of members of the legislature asked me if I. would ac cept the financial agency if tendered. It had not occurred to me that the plan of management would embrace the creation of such a functionary. I had made certain arrangements to go actively into private business, in a short time, but after reflection said to triends that if the penitentiary board should think proper to appoint me to the position, at a sufficient salary, I would accept, and would devote mv- self wholly to the important work witn connuence of contributing to success in the general results. I have hesitated to signily that an appoint ment to this place would be agree able to me, believing it better in a case of such moment that a selection should be made from persons well known, with sole reference to the public interest: but the custom of making formal applications has be come so general that in the absence of any from myself it might be in ferred I did not wish to be considered in connection with the appointment. T A 1 1' A J a. . J. x moieiui o ueeiu lb uoi improper 10 respectfully present to the board, through yourself, this, my application for appointment as financial agent of yeuiLeuiianes. as it may be some time before the board will take action, it would be gratifying to me to receive from you some intimation of your disposition in this matter. I would, of course, regard any such expression as only indicative of your individual views, but it would justify me in holding in suspense private business which other wise should claim my immediate at tention. Respectfully, W. M. Brown. Executive Office, ) Austin, Texas, April 19, 1883. J . Hon. W. M. Brown, Austin: Dear Sir I have your note of date asking the appoinment of financial agent tor penitentiary. This appointment has been ten dered to Mr. Haywood Brahan. Brahan has been acting in that ca pacity some years for C. & E., and it was supposed that his familiarity with the business would be some ad vantage to the service. Of course this cannot be construed as any disparagtnent to yourself as it was tendered before it was known that you either wanted or that you would accept it. It will be gratifying to me to be able to retain your valuable services to the state in some capacity. I am very truly yours, John Ireland. Austin, Texias, April 19, 1883. Hon. John Ireland, Oovemor: Dear Sir In our brief conversation this evening you asked if I had re ceived the note which you had sent in answer to my communication of vesterday, sent you this morning. You then expressed some regret that I had not made my application sooner, and informed me that the board had several days ago appointed Mr. H. Brahan financial agent, remarking that Mr. Brahan had been acting in that capacity for Messrs. Cunning ham & Ellis, and was thoroughly qualified. I particularly marked your statement that the board had several days ago appointed the financial agent, as, from circumstances within my knowledge, the statement was very surprising. I had learned posi tively that the penitentiary, bill was not approved until yesterday, and that the commissioners were only ap pointed yesterday. Further, Capt. I. a. bearcy, one ot the commissioners, informed me- this evening, since my interview with you, that no action had been taken by the board in the matter of appointing the agent, and that the board had not yet had a meeting, the other commissioner, Mr. Walter Tips, being out of the city. As the law fixes the tenure of the commissioners at two years, and imposes upon the commissioners, each for himself, full responsibility tor his participation in otuciai acts, tne governor being ex officio president, but otherwise hav ing only co-ordinato powers and re sponsibilities with the other members of the board, I cannot understand how the board can be said to have made an appointment, especially as Mr. Searcy's statement warrants the conclusion that no understanding among the members has been ar rived at. Everyone recognizes the right of the board to make such . appointment as it may see fit to make, the sense of the board to be determined, of course, by the preponderating' opinion not the right merely, but the solemn duty which attaches to each and every member, according to his judgment, free from any moral coercion or other improper influence which might pos sibly be brougnt to beartrom anv auarter. It is equally, also, the priv ege of the humblest citizen to sub mit his name, if he choose, to anv board having, a legal power to ap point; and that name is entitled to such , consideration as the board. through its several members acting omciaiiy, may mink propt-r to give it. No president of a board can deny or d' prive the citizen of such proper consideration by forestalling the ac tion of the board without a breach of the privileges of citizenship. These set at naught by the action which I you have assumed to take, I shall free ( ly assert my right as an applicant be- lore the board tor appointment to the position ot nnanclal agent ot pen it en tiaries, without regard to results, so far as l am concerned. Respectfully, W. M. Brown. Austin, Texas, April 20, 1883. Capt. I. G. Searcy, Austin: Dear Sir Having learned that the appointment of a financial agent of penitentiaries devolves on the penitentiary board, of which you are a member, I beg to submit my name for consideration as an applicant for the appointment. You will recollect that 1 addressed you verbally on the subject yesterday, itespecttuiiy, W. M. Bkown. A letter nearly identical with the above was addressed to Mr. Walter Tip3, commissioner, which we omit, Why They Hate the Papers. iBrenliam Banner. The Austin Statesman publishes a lengthy editorial on "Newspaper influence, in wnicn it gives tacts aud figures to prove that the press is daily gaining in ' circulation and conse quently in influence. There are more newspaper readers in proportion to population than there ever were at any previous time in the history of the country. The mam object in tne ar ticle is to show that the newspapers of Texas were mainly instrumental in influencing the course of the legis lature in refusing to ratiry tne peni tentiary leases. Those who prefer to hold the press in the greatest con tempt are those who have the most to say if their official acts are criti cised, and those who are guilty of some rascality have a greater fear of the newspapers than they have of the law. Pearl river, Mississippi, was last year stocked with salmon and bass. A few days ago a five and a half pound salmon and two large bass were caught at Jackson. Both Lady Florence Dixie and The Court Circular deny that his visit to the Fishery to inquire into the al leged outrage had anything whatever to do with John Brown's fatal ill ness. - - A Sunday school boy gave this defi nition of faith: "As near as I can make out, It is feeling perfectly sure of a thing when you have nothing to back it up." AND It is said that in London every fourth person receives gratuitous medical attendance. Work has been resumed on the Hudson river tunnel, on the New York side of the river. The steamship Nemesis recently passed through the Mississippi jetties drawing twenty-five feet eleven inches. This vessel measures 3452 tons gross. A neat cemetery has been laid out at Tel-el-Kebir, and the bodies of all the English soldiers who were killed in the Egyptain campaign have been collected and buried there. The Farnesina palace at Rome, famous for the "Galatea" and the Cupid and Psyche frescoes by Raphael, is to be opened again to the public after being closed for some years. It is popularly supposed that the only wall papers to be feared on ac count of the arsenic which they may contain are of a green color. The drug is freely used, however, in many of the red, fawn, and other papers of recent fashionable shades. . The quality and beauty of coloring and finish of the cashmeres this season entitle them to the popularity which they have attained, the liner grades being combined not only with silks and satins, but with the more ex pensive brocades and velvets ot the most elegant qualities. The cattle of the pampas are com puted at 20,000,000. They are descend ants of a bull and eight cows which ' were brought there by two Porta guese brothers in 1553. It Is only near Buenos Ay res that they have been crossed with finer stock. The old herds are ill-shaped and ugly. Russian florists have arrived at San Remo and Yentimiglia, and are con tracting for the purchase of all the t'owers in the principal gardens for the festivities in Moscow. The flow ers, which will be forwarded every morning to Moscow by a special tram of refrigerating cars, are destined, in great part, for the decoration of the Kremlin. The sanitary inspectors of Paris lately stumbled over an establishment where operators were busily engaged in manufacturing ground acorns and burned wheat into a stiff paste, which was stamped into coffee beans. These were then colored with an. alcoholic solution of colophone "to give them a rich Aiocna color, and packed in bags for sale. Ernestina Cloos has begun suit in the court of common pleas. New- York, by her father as guardian, aeainst David W. Bruce, proprietor of a type foundry in New York, claim ing $50,000 for breach of promise of marriage. Plaintiff alleges that the defendant ruined her, while the de fendant avers that the character of plaintiff was not above suspicion. The weight of a horse Is an impor tant item in estimating his value for draft purposes. The fine-boned horse with weu-deveioped muscle may do as much work as the heavier one for a short time, and it is even better for road purpose. But in plowing or other heavy, steady drawing the light weight horse quickly wears out and becomes useless. In all the royal palaces in England a most careful distinction is made be tween state property, which descends from one sovereign to another, and private property. At present almost everything at Balmoral and Osborne belongs to the queen herself, but ex cepting a few pictures and statues, she has no personal property at either Windsor or Buckingham palace. , The surgeons in one of the Vienna hospitals report a remarkable case of a man in whose brain a rusty nail was found, which, lrom all appear- - ances, had been there since early child hood of the subject. The man was forty-five years old, a book-binder. and was considered an unusually in telligent person; the nail in his brain did not seem to affect his powers in the least degree. - J. S. Moore, enables the fleeced American to see through the 121 per cent, tax on plate glass, by putting , the matter in this shape: "Needing 50,000 cases of plate glass, our mer chant would have to charter three ships in Europe to procure for him the desired glass. First, a vessel car rying 50,000 cases of plate glass, which he needs; second, a similar ves sel, carrying 50,01 JO cases; ami, in ad dition thereto, a smaller vessel carry ing 10,500 cases plate glass. - One of the larger vessels or contents, he would keep, and tender tothegovern ment the contents of the other large vessel ami the small one as a toll lor the privilege of allowing the use of 50.000 boxes of plate glass. That is the meaning of 121 per cent." That is also the size of the toll Americana have been paying for many years to the patriotic Indianian. who claims to be running his works solely for the "glory of America." . , A Straw at Least. ticllcviUe Standard. N'early everybody understands draw-poker, but very few ever knew before the .sittings investigation that sometimes "two p;iir be:it Ihnva." One witness testified U'fuiv ttti- ex amining committee that he M-m no direct attempts by Cunningham & Ellis to bribe member of the legisla ture, but that he had noticed thcim playing poker together in tho private rooms ol the former, mid that when ever an M. L. held "two pair" they were sure to take the pot over "threes" in the hands of the lessees. This is a little straw, but it shows the course of a daugerons wind. How It May Work. (San Antonio Express. It appears to be the opinion of many of the members of the legisla ture that the new land law will have the effect of virtually withdrawing the public lands from ihe market for the next two years, or until it is. amended in several particulars, or is superseded by a new act. We have not yet seen a copy of the bill as it finally passed, but the impression seems to be among those conversant with the fact that its machinery is so cumbersome and expensive that bnt few, comparatively, will seek the pub lic domain at the prices fixed, and that transactions will be mainly con fined to individuals and the cornrtra- tions - which have so amply supplied themselves with land. The Rev. G. J. Mingin relates that Ann. tnm'nff .1 .nlintnna mautinf, in the Cooper institute, at which he (Mr. Mingin) presided, he was surprised to Bee Mr. Cooper enter and take a Beat on the platform. At the close of the services Mr. Cooper shook his hand and expressed pleasure at making his acquaintance. Mr. Mingin told him he was surprised to see nim present, as he did not know their religion was the same. "Young man." said Mr. Cooper, -I do not know what your re ligion is. Mine is God's, i.ud I hope yours is the same." In his letter presenting to the University of Vermont the magnifi cent library left by the lte George P. Marsh, United States Minister to Italy, the Hon. Frederick Billings urged the necessity of putiinr up at once a fire-proof library building to contain the 11,000 volumes, as well as the other collections belonging to the college. Then he added, as a sort of after-thought: "As do timo should b lost, and as the University has no, funds to devote to the purpose, I give1 $?7o,000 to secure such a building." SPANISH STEAMER SCKK. Bilboa, April 20. A collision oc curred oft' here between tne EngWsii steamer Thames anil tho Spanish steamer Magdalen a' Vicenta. The latter sunk with live ntr.-ai n VoAnl. Two of the crew of the Thaunw were drowned. ' HAILWAY EARNINGS. Topeka, Kas., April 20. The an nual report of the Atchison, Topeka and' Saata Fe railroad shows the . gross earnings for 1882 to be 14,733,-4 000; expenditures $8,(537,000; net earn ings 86,148,000. The net incrrease oo l at 000 iVWk MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS THINGS.