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The Austin weekly statesman. (Austin, Tex.) 1883-1898, May 10, 1883, Image 3

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THE STATESMAN.
AUSTIN. TEXAS.
It is thought no immediate suc
cessor to Commissioner Raum will be
-appointed.
Cardinal McCloskey warmly en
dorses the doings of the Philadelphia
convention of land leaguers.
According to official reports, India
can raise wheat at 12 cents a bushel,
and has lf5.329.200 acres in wheat.
Senator Tkaylou has jut sold
his ranch and stock of cattle iu Hood
county for twenty thousand dollars.
The ex-governors now in the sen
ate are: Anthony, Colquitt.Coke, Cul
led, Garland, Groome, Harris and
Hawley.
One hundred thousand less cattle
will be taken out of Texas this year
than last. A good many cattle, too,
are being imported.
An eight-year-old girl in New York
jumped the rope one hundred and six
times, and in a short time afterward
died of congestion of the brain.
A newspaper just,started at Jalapa
Mexico, advocates the election of Gen.
Diaz to the presidency for the next
term. There will be more doing the
same thing.
There is to be an educational con
gress in llio Janeiro next July, and
the Brazillian government is especial
ly desirous of representation from the
.United States. '
The Philadelphia North American
is enthusiastic about silk culture,
prophesying "a great and important
future for the production, of raw silk
in this republic."
France has the largest national
debt in the world, the result of the
Prussian indemnity. It amounts to
$4,683,840,000, or $117.79 for every
man, woman and child in the country.
A witness in the Tewksbury ex
amination testifies to tanning human
skins received from various doctors
and students, and a pair of uppers for
slippers made from a woman's skin
were shown.
Rev. J. II. Curry of Dallas was
reported hopelessly insane in St.
Louis by the Republican and Globe
Democrat. The reverend gentleman
now turns up in Dallas all right, and
institutes suit against these papers for
heavy damages.
II. Uartiielemy, late professor of
military history at Saint-Cyr, writes
very enthusiasticly about the French
army, saying that it can have 300,000,
000 armed and trained men in the
field, and that France may look upon
her future without fear.
An exchange calls attention to
the fact that south of the United
States on the same continent are thirty
millions human beings needing cot
ton goods, and yet they are supplied
from elsewhere, because high protec
tive tariff prevents trade with this
country.
It is understood in Washington that
a suite of rooms have been eFgaged
for President- Arthur at Fortress
Monroe, where he proposes to spend
a week or more. It was his intention
to visit the fortress on his return
from Florida, but the rumors of his
Illness hurried him to Washington.
The New York Herald wants the
Republican to inaugurate the light
square on protection. It is already
so inaugurated by the Democrats, who
are for tariff for revenue only. The
fight began on this issue last year,
and the Republican party lost. Is the
Herald for the defeat of the Republi
cans ?
A convention of colored people
has been called to' meet in Washing
ton city on the 24th of September
next for the consideration of the
present and future condition of said
people in this country. Under the
call Texas will be entitled to elect 9
delegates, Louisiana 20, Mississippi
26, Alabama 24. Florida 3 and Ar
kansas 9.
In the art of fortification science
has been a long time in coming to
the use of iron, but the continental
powers are now adopting chilled
cast-iron shields five feet thick. An
English naval constructor, speaking
of fortications of this material, sen
tentiously says the best thing for
vessels of war to do will be to keep
away trom them.
Gold certificates are fast coming
into popular use, and will in a short
time take the position for which they
were originally destined; namely, the
settlement of clearing house bal
ances. 'The Boston, New York and
Philadelphia clearing house asssoci
ations have already discontinued the
use of certificates of their own and
employed the government's gold cer
tificates instead.
The growth of telegraph business
in England since the state has ac
quired control of the lines is said to
have been enormous. The number of
messages per week have grown from
126,000 to 603,000. In 1873 the aver-)
age number of messages per mile of
wire was 147; now it is 256. In press
messages 5000 words per diem have
grown already to 934,154 per day. The
telegraphs in use on railways have
grown from 27,000 miles of wire in
1869 to 69,000 in 1882, and" the instru
ments from 4423 to 15,702. In Japan
last year 2,223,214 messages were dis
patched, of which 98 per cent were in
the native tongue.
' Mr. Parnell must certainly ex.
perience great satisfaction at the con-
servative course pursued by the Irish
men in convention at Philadelphia.
" To him, as the leader of the Irish
people in their pending struggle for
s political freedom, the action of that
convention was a matter of the great
est magnitude. He was so placed as
to fully realize the good, or evil it
might do. Had the convention com
mitted itself to the policy of the ex
tremists it would hav3 politically sev
ered the Irish of America from their
friends in Ireland and England.
Nothing could have more embarrassed
Mr. Parnell, and have so effectually
, paralyzed his efforts, as for that con
vention to have formally approved
-what is called the dynamite policy.
It would have been said that in de
claring for that policy the Irish here
spoke not only for themselves; but
also for the immediate followers iZ
ParneU.
M. DeLesseps has four great canal
schemes on hand. There seems no
doubt now that he will connect the
two oceans at Panama, and the next
most gigantic thing he proposes to do
is to make a great inland sea in cen
tral Africa, whereby the aridness of
that region will be destroyed. The
project is described as a canal
twelve meters deep and fiTty
meters wide from the mouth of
the Oued-Melah which empties into
the gulf of Gabes down into four
large depressions which are below the
sea leveL This canal will be over
one hundred miles long, but as the
soil is chiefly sand it is estimated that
the work can be done in the "maxi
mum period" of five years at a cost of
about one hundred and fifty million
francs. Among the advantages that
are presented as an encouragement
to embark in the enterprise
are the restoration to fertility of
a now immense barren tract of couiv
try which formerly was an important
granary of ancient Rome, and the
formation for France of a barrier on
the frontiers of Algeria and Tunis
against the invasions of Tripolitan
Bedouins and other fierce tribes, thus
permitting the exercise of as strong
an authority on the south border of
Algeria as is now possessed over the
Mediterranean coasts. A few years
ago it was customary to consider all
such projects visionary; but with the
successful completion of the
Suez canal and the subsequent
demonstration of its ability to pay
excellent dividends on the capital in
vested, it is not safe now to dismiss
any new project of the great French
engineer calling for an immense
work and outlay of money as the
emanations of an enthusiast. And if
he shall make the deserts of Africa
once more into fertile fields he will
have accomplished a work that will
rank as high as even the project now
well under way.of cutting the isthmus
and joining the waters of the oceans,
which will pass the world's commerce.
The total property of the United
States in 1880 was $35,000,000,000. In
the decade ending in 1860 the total
property increased 126 per cent, and
was in round numbers $17,000,000,000.
At the same rate of increase the cen
sus of 1870 would have returned
$38,420,000,000. The largest estimate
ever made of the losses caused by the
civil war was $10,000,000,000. De
ducting this there would remain
$28,420,000,000, which was about what
the census made it in currency. At
the same percentage of increase the
census of 1880 would have
returned $64,229,000,000 ia round
numbers. This shows a reduc
tion of productive forces
amounting to over $29,000,000,000. In
contemplating the figures questions
relating to the cause of the decline in
productive forces naturally come to
the front for solution, and it is plainly
enough found in taxation, not neces
sary, honest taxation, but such bur
dens as a protective tariff imposes
upon the wealth creating classes,
the working people of the coun
try. The many have been
taxed into a condition that forever
keeps them face to face with penury,
and the many are beginning to com
prehend the maxims that " when each
branch of industry supports itself, all
add their gains to the wealth, " and
that "when one industry supports
another, the contribution is so much
deducted from the aggregate gain. "
In the one case you have an equitable
distribution of wealth ; in the other,
you have a private opulence and pub
lic poverty. Protective taxation
builds up monopolies' and impover
ishes labor.
TnE assets of Cornell university,
New York, are about $7,000,000, and
the' present annual income is about
$275,000. It has been recommended
that the salaries of the full professors
should be raised to at least $3500, the
amount received by the professors at
Harvard aid Yale. This increase is
urged to prevent the drawing away
of the professors to other institutions
where their abilities are recog
nized and a greater compensation
offered. It may be seen from "this
how the university . must har
binger its . means if j it would
compete with the other great institu
tions of America. Hence, it cannot
afford to part with the title to its
lands. They must be preserved for
their wealth in future years, and the
money derivable from leases must be
used for the annual expenses of the
institution. Harvard has a fund of
between twelve and fourteen millions,
and this is being largely added to
every year through private contribu
tions. The monthly debt statement May 1
is as follows:
Three and a half per cents $ 45,948,100
ruuruiiuuuHU perceuis u.ww.vw
Four per cents 737,571,5o
nice (icrcruts ...... ow,unf,ow
Refunding certificates 3Ug,950
navy pension iuua h,um,wu
Total interest bearing debt.. .$l,W8,47,t'0O
Matured debt i 9,091 ,085
Legal tenders 346,740.051
Certificates of deposit.. 10,105,100
Gold and silver certs. . . 162,104,951
Fractional currency 7,008,973
Total without interest 525,958,975
Total debt (principal) $1,883,528,061
Total interest $9,711,225
Cash in treasury 319,159,401
Debt less cash in treasury l,t74,079,885
Decrease during April 2,851,402
Decrease since June 30 114,834,575
Interest due and unpaid 2,205,615
Debt on which interest has ceased' 9,091,085
Idterest thereon. 369,722
Gold and silver certificates 162.104,951
U. S. notes held for redemption
certificates 10,105,000
Cash balance available 135,283,026
Cash In treasury 319,159,401
Principal outstanding 64,623,512
Interest accrued not yet paid 1,292,470
Interest paid by U. 8 57,283,388
By transportation service 16,516,033
By casli payments of 6 per' cent
net earnings . 655.193
Balance of interest paid by U. S . . 40,112,155
Mahoxe's tactics among the ne
groes are well conceived. He has ad
dressed to the chairmen of his party
in the different counties the follow
ing: "I wish you would send me a
list on the back of this of all the col
ored churches in your county, and the
full name of the colored preachers,
and the postoffice address of each."
His object is to obtain the names of
all the colored church members in
Virginia. He well knows that the
most perfect system of political organ
ization is. to. be effected through the
means of the churches.
Hon. Si. S. Cox touches up the une
qual burdens of the tariff after this
fashion: "The farming capital is over
$12,000,000,000; the manufacturing
capital not $3,000,000,000." He might
have added that the capital ot "pro
tected" manufacturing industries was
much less than two billions. And he
correctly adds that "the west and
south must have their say in legisla
tion." ': '
An Iowa paper says it will be
many years before the people ' under
stand fully the corruption of one
who, as it says, lately disgraced the
high position of speaker of the house;
that he was made speaker by jobbing
Republicans in the interest of iniqui
tous schemes of plunder. A late
noted case has just been made public.
On the sixth of January, Congress
man Klotz, of Pennsylvania, made
serious charges against the Washing
ton gas company and Bailey, chief
clerk of the house of representatives,
one of the chief stockholders and
managers of the monopoly which by
peculiar methods has been able to
defeat since 1864 forty bills to char
ter new companies or reduce the
price of gas. A resolution was passed
ordering a committee to investigate
the charges, and Keifer, in violation of
accepted practice, refused to appoint
on this committee either the mem
ber who made the charge, the one who
offeied the resolution, or those who
spoke in favor of it. The character
of the committee may well be guessed,
and the result was just what was ex
pected. Mr. Klotz now publishes a
speech which he would have delivered
in the house bad he not been gagged
by Keifer. Concerning this Mr. Klotz
says: v
"The report of the select committee
was finished on the 16th of February,
but was withheld by the chairman
(Mr Crowley) until Sunday morning,
March 4, when it was presented to
the house, together with he minority
report at halt-past three in the morn
ing. "From the time of the presenta
ttion of the report up to within
fifteen minutes of the close of the
forty-seventh congress I endeav
ored with persistence to be heard on
this subject, as I certainly had a right
to be heard. To my surprise, some
members of the committee, who
knew all the facts of the case, ob
jected. "I next "endeavored to obtain per
mission to print the subjoined re
marks in the Congressional Record,
and went personally three several
times to the speaker for that privil
ege. Two gentlemen, distinguished
members of the house, also besought
the privilege for me, but that func
tionary refused to give his consent.
"Three times I asked permission of
the house to print my statement, and
in each instance Messrs, Ilazleton,
Pettibone and Bisbee objected.
"Immediately alter the adjourn
ment of congress, the ex-speaker, Mr.
Keifer, sought out one of the clerks
and notified him to 'remember that
Mr. Klotz had no right to print in the
Record any speech in reference to the
gas company.' "
Keifer's official acts cannot be over
hauled nor can Mr. Klotz's charges
be investigated by the next congress.
But the gas monopoly can be investi
gated and the relations of Keifer and
the other Republican statesman to
that corrupt institution can be ex
posed. The country would like to
know the true inwardness of the.cor
poration which had the influence to
have the whitewashing report of the
committee withheld until the closing
minutes of the last congress, so as to
prevent any discussion, and such
power over Keifer as to have him gag
the opposition.
Mr. Parnell, as has been stated,
approves most heartily of the acts of
Irishmen in convention. Particularly
is he pleased, because these men con
stituted what was at the same time
one of the most moderate and sensi
ble as well as the largest political
body of the age. He said:
"We have nothing to expect from
the present parliament, absolutely
nothing. It is resolutely set in ad
vance against every proposal in the
Irish interest even against such leg
islation as humanity demands. We
seem to be alone in parliament. Ve
are alone. We are foreigners. The
very principles which the ministry
not long ago urged parliament to ap
ply in legislation for Ireland are at
present set aside as if the Irish peo
ple were by themselves a humanity
for the goverment of whom expe
rience proves nothing, and for whom
a new political philosophy must be
discovered; and yet the Irish people
practically ask for nothing but the
application to them, upon their own
soil, that taxation and representation
ought to go together. They believe
that they know best what is
good for themselves and naturally
feel, and will forever feel, an
unconquerable spirit of resistance to
the form of goverment that makes
colonists of them in their native
land. The desire for self-government
among the Irish has never for one in
stant been quieted, and among them,
more than among any other people,
has been demonstrated to be absolute
ly .unconquerable. j?or England' to
ignore this desire is absolute folly; to
attempt to govern the Irish without
concession to this 'desire is political
crime. But the folly and blunder go
on. Ireland has suffered beyond po
litical comprehension and England's
political growth has been dwarfed.
'If we point out that the people in
Ireland are discontented, the majority
reply that the discontent is not polit
ical but material. If it be said that
the Irish people would make them
selves soon materially prosperous if
let alone to manage their own affairs,
it is retorted that the country is too
densely peopled to allow of a fair di
vision of prosperity. If it be pointed
out that there is immeasurably more
good, arable land in Ireland than is
needed for the omfort of twice the
present population, and that the
government should make a more
equitable distribution, it is an
swered that that would be com
munism. We are told that statistics
show that the ratio of prosperity in
those districts where there is not a
sort of continual famine is exactly
proportionate to the loss of popula
tion in those districts by emigration,
and that the misery in the famine
districts is exactly proportioned to
the love the people have for their na
tive land and to the number that can
not or vill not leave it; that is the
only cure for the ills of Ireland is
emigration. The ministry practically
says to the Irish people, "The only
way Her Majesty's govern
ment knows how to make her
Irish subjects prosperous is to as
sist them to leave the British
empire and become aliens." That
such a thing as this was absolutely
true in the year 1883 of the Christian
religion and in a Christian nation,
will be the most difficult subject for
explanation to the future historian;
that the government has no other po
litical philosophy than this to apply
for the relief of the discontent and
distress in one of the most fertile and
naturally endowed portions of the
empire has an overwhelming majority
of supporters in its legislature is a
shame upon the time. We have noth
ing to hope until there is a complete
change in such a government and
such a ministry. . ,
It is claimed that much of the im
morality of New York and other
great cities is traceable to the absence
of' homes. In New York there are
102,024 buildings, of which 78,363 are
occupied wholly or in part as dwell
ing houses. Over 200,000 families are
sheltered in these houses, or sixteen
persons for every building in the city
which is occupied in any way as a
dwelling. But only 32,086 families
own the houses they occupy, leaving
167,000 families in rented dwellings.
These belong to that part of the pop
ulation which goes to make up the
army of movers. It is estimated that
at least 50,000 of those families move
on the first day of May.
OUR WASHIXGTOS LETTER.
I From Our Special Correspondent-J
Washington, May 2.
The collectorship of the port of
Brownsville has caused the officials of
the treasury department more trou
ble and vexation than any dozen
offices of similar magnitude in the
country. Early last fall charges were
preferred against Collector Haynes,
and immediately a number of hungry
Texas Republican politicians hurried
on to Washington with the expecta
tion of being placed in the position
of the bounced collector. Haynes
was charged with being negligent and
in complicity with the horde of
smugglers known to frequent the
Rio irande, as well as the gulf coast
of Texas. He sent men here to work
in his behalf, and instead
of being deposed, he made
himself firmer with the grand moguls
of the treasury, and was allowed to
continue in office with the chances of
remaining there much better than be
fore. The Republican wolves that
came here toisplace him were great
ly exercised at the different action of
the heads of the department and pre
ferred other charges of a still more
damaging character against Haynes.
At the same time each one of the
saintly office seekers were jealous of
each other, and each circulated tales
about the department about the others
equally as damaging as the charges
preferred against the incumbent.
BROWNSVILLE COLLECTOR.
None of them had the stand
ing or influence possessed by
Haynes in Radical circles, and this,
linked with the fact that the com
plaints made against him came from
his personal rivals, doubtless deterred
Folger from removing him. A few
of Haynes' enemies still linger in
Washington hoping that they may
yet be able to have him displaced, and
one of them put in charge of the
Brownsville custom house. Two nota
ble members of the gang have recent
ly been spoken about in the States
31 an. But the last one of them
might as well abandon all hopes,
for the recent action of the
solicitor of the treasury, Judge
Raynor, shows that Haynes
is stronger than ever at Washington.
.The New York and Washington pa
pers have lately been strongly de
nouncing the state of affairs along
the Rio Grande river. They claim
that at least $500,000 is annually rob
bed from the government by the ope
rations of smugglers along the river.
Solicitor Raynor, to stop the clamor
and check the smuggling, if any ex
isted, has decided that the Browns
ville collector of customs has the
authority to arrest smugglers as well
as to seize contraband goods. He
holds that the law is clear that the
collector is authorized to make ar-;
rests and further to hold the smug
glers to bail or put them in jail.
This is almost placing despotic power
in Haynes' hands and shows the
the confidence and esteem in which ho
is held by the Republican party. It
is foolish for any politician to think
of displacing him unless evidence of
corruption far stronger than that
already adduced can be brought
to bear upon him. He Is certainly
safe for the present. Great credence
was at first-given by the treasury
officials to the charges against Haynes
and every one thought that his official
days were numbered, but he seems to
have quickly reinstated himself into
the good graces of Folger's depart
ment, and he is safe from the influence
of Col. Bob Taylor, Col. Murphy and
the host of other Republican
colonels who wanted his position.
That corruption existed in the
Brownsville office no one denies,
but whether it existed to the extent
claimed f an hardly be possible. An
investigation of all the details of the
office would probably show that it
was conducted with the average hon
esty and ability. Late yesterday af
ternoon a Texas Republican said to
the Statesman's attache that he was (
positive both Haynes and Umbden-'
stock would go. Little credit was
given to his assertions.
SOME IMPROVEMENTS.
First Comptroller of the Treasury
Lawrence has received a communica
tion from Secretary Teller, of the in
terior department, which states that
an appropriation of $60,000 has been
made in the sundry civil bill to be
applied towards the fire proof recon
struction of the combustible roofs
over the patent office build
ing. The. offices of the
interior department are located on the
east side of the patent office, and Tel
ler is afraid that another disastrous
conflagration may destroy the struct
ure, hence his solicitude. If the work
is to be done it is of high importance
that these bonds be made available i
immediately, so that the building sea
son can be utilized to the best advan
tage before the advent of frost. It is
feared that Lawrence will, as usual,
resort to his delay tactics and con
sume weeks in discussing the legality
of matters. The judge is always the
friend of the treasury and of the
dear people when -money is to go from
the vaults for purposes that will not
aid the Republican party.
He already declares that
the fund is not available until the
time specified in the act, (June 30,
1883), and that no premature improve
ments, as he is pleased to term it, can
be allowed from "the appropriation.
This kind of learned talk is always
to be expected from Lawrence, and
unless pressure is brought to bear
upon him, the work on the much
needed improvements to the patent
office will not commence until mid
summer.
ACCUSES SECRETARY TELLER.
Senator Hill of Colorado has
opened fire upon Secretary Teller, of
the interior department, accusing him
of misusing his authority as
a cabinet minister by placing
in office Colorado men known
to be scoundrels, also of
being controlled by the railroad rings
in Colorado and other states. The
war of words between the two boys is
growing warmer every day and has
oeenTiothing less than a godsend to
the newspaper row pencil doctors.
Teller is talking calm and collected
while the irate senator is furious and
impolitic Hill asserts that Teller's
object was to secure and maintain
control over the grand old party in
Colorado for his own political ad
vancement and aggrandizement
and he hints that he has
even worse facts in the back-ground
with which to smear the garments of
the aged cabinet official, as usual
Frank Hatton, of Burlington Hawk
eye fame has managed to work him
self into the row and comes forward
with highly original defense for Tel
ler. It consists apparently and solely
of a committee accusation against
HilL of having secured his election as
senator by the expenditure of
$28,000 in bribes. If this
should be - proven and, be
it remarked, this accusation is old
and very much the worse for wear
the people of Colorado would be in
timately concerned; but the people of
the whole country have a right to ex
pect something more when a cabi
net minister is accused of the abuse
of his high office than a defense in
the lines of "you're another." "Hill
is a man of the highest social
standing, and is smeared with
little of the Republican party corrup
tion of the last ten years; his record
has never been impeach :d except by
this story of bribery. Even if that sto
ry should be proven by Teller he
would not thereby clean his own
skirts. Besides furnishing newspa
per bosh, the row has created much
merriment in Demcratic circles, and is
considered by many as the commence
ment of the disintegration of the
grand old party
TEXAS POSTAL AFFAIRS.
Robert S. Holman, postmaster at
Paradise, Wise county, has been placed
under $500 bonds. Judson G. Fry has
been commissioned postmaster at
D'Ham's, Texas, Charles O. Keuffel
at Fedoz, John T. Johnson at Sour
Lake, and William S. Grayson at
Winkler, Texas.
A. M. Pickering, of Chicago, has
has just paid five hundred thousand
dollars for the D arson ranch and cattle
on the Pecos river.
REST.
There is no rest. Tis hut an empty sound -A
dream all shadowless ' he world around.
Unrest is normal. Every orb or ray.
Greater or less that beams by night or dav.
Sun, moon or star that burns through endless
space.
Each in its course runs one eternal race.
God never rests eternal vigil keeps;
The hye All Seeing slumlwrs not, nor sleeps;
All things obedient to one Lofty Soul,
Move ever restless as the ages roll .
Unrest is life hope aetion-glory play ;
Rest is but death cessation is decay.
Unrest is real. The glorious power that
spanned
The mighty fabric of the skies and planned
The architectural glories, fur and near.
That deck each world and ornament each
sphere.
Is constant in its work supreme, sublime,
In resUess glory through resistless time.
There is no rest in all the realms of life.
Man is an epitome of endless strife:
The heated words which drop from human
tongues.
The breath that parts the lips and fills the
lungs,
Each heart-throb, each pulsation, every thrill
Of joy or sorrow, leaves nim restless still.
There is no rest, nor can rest e'er prevail;
The world's in motion mountain, forest.vale;
The wondrous ocean's restless curreuts roll
Around the sea-washed world from pole to
pole;
The cloud, the storm, the darkness, and the
light
Proclaim the resistless force and restless
might.
There may be peace; the world in stillness
may.
And awful silence, pass the years away ;
Long centuries liidein Time s eternal breast
Peace, silence, stillness all but never rest.
Rest Is the mildew, the corroding rust,
Hope's fading ashes and love's crumbling
dust.
SUNDAY
NOTES AND
CHIMES.
CHURCH
The Holy Scriptures are published
in 250 languages or dialects.
Dr. Benson is the ninety-second
archbishop of Canterbury to sit in the
chair of the great Augustine.
Infant baptism increased in the
Southern Methodist Episcopal church
from 14,739 in 1866 to 27,505 in 1882.
Americans who have seen Pope Leo
XIII. say that there is quite a striking
personal likeness between his Holiness
and William M. Everts.
Rev. Dr. Talmage says that praver
will not pay the preacher's salary, lie
says the hand must go down into the
pocket to make the prayer effective.
It were better to have no opinion
of God at all than such an opinion as
is unworthy of Him ; for the one is
unbelief, the other is contumely.
Bacon.
Bishop Whipple administered the
right of confirmation to 247 Indians
during the recent visit to the Chippe
wa Mission, where there are now
eight churches.
A Troy minister announces that he
has " lost all confidence in hell " after
trying to climb a barbed wire fence
in the dark, he arrived at the conclu
sion that no such place could amount
to much.
The Episcopal church in Mico,
which was organized subsequent to
the downfall of Maximillian, now has
twenty-seven congregations, eight
clergymen, a bishop and" 500 Sunday
school children,
Mr. Beecher says: "It is not what
we take up, but what we give up that
makes us rich." Any man may buy
securities, but to make money out of
them one must be careful to give
them np at the right moment. Bos
ton Transcript.
Matthew Arnold insists that in re
vising the Old Testament beauty and
power shall not be destroyed, even to
obtain a more correct rendering, and
that even where the meaning is not
at all clear, the charm and music of
the old words shall remain.
Of the Bible, the Rev. M. J. Savage
says it " is the most complete and fin
ished religious biography in the world,
giving'us the experiences, the weak
nesses and the triumphs in the relig
ious experience of a race, and, being
this, must long remain a guide and
inspiration to humanity."
Rev. Dr. J. M. Buckley says that
the salvation army is destined to be
ephemeral. Unless its methods are
changed it will be out of sight very
soon. But he does not believe it is
wise either to obstruct it or to com
promise orthodox religion with its
questionable methods and doubtful
influences.
The new census of India reports
89,937,450 Hindoos, 50,121,585 Mo
hammedans, 9.426,511 native worship
ers, 3,418,884 Buddhists and 1,862,534
Christians in that country. Of the
Christians over onehalf are Catho
lics. There are. besides these, several
millions of minor divisions of Ori
ental religious beliefs.
Seven young ministers of the late
Methodist Episcopal conference
promised to abstain from tobacco.
They gave their word also that they
were not in debt so as to embarrass
themselves. A "voice" in the con
ference wanted to know if hey were
in debt so as to embarrass anybody
else. Point well taken.
The pastor of a church in Yonkers,
New "i ork, recently received a lady
100 years old on probation. Too
much caution cannot be exercised
when a century old lady has an
nounced an intention to reform. The
giddy thing may be off to a fancy ball
in three minutes after she solemnly
promised to restrain herself.
"Yes7 brethren," said a preacher
from his pulpit, "you are the passen
gers on a train speeding its straight
and narrow way to glory and I am
the conductor of that train, thank the
Lord." "You run her first-class, I
should say," remarked a stranger,
looking over the congregation, "from
the number of sleepers you're haul
ing." ,
When Parson Jones was asked by
one of his parishioners if he didn't
think some broad ideas interjected
into his sermons would be more -in
consonance with the spirit of the
times than his customary pulpit ut
terances.the good man replied: "Quite
likely; but, pray, how can one put
broad ideas into narrow minds ? Ser
mons must be adapted to the capacity
of the congregation, von, know."
The pastor had some plain, homely
words for his people last Sunday on
the.sin of tattling, says the Lowell
Courier. He warned his hearers
against talking about their neighbors,
against picking flaws in their friends
and acquaintances and against com
menting on each other's faults and
imperfections. After church one lady
remarked: "For goodness gracious'
sake, what would he have us talk
about ? " " Sure enough, " cried
another, while several others joined
in the chorus of " The idea 1 "
Not long since a smart seven-year-old
son of one of the preachers, after
service was over and the family had
returned home from church, said:
"Papa, do you ever look. at me while
you are preaching?'' The father,
thinking he was a little hurt by neg
lect, said : 'Certainly, my son ; I often
look at you and think of you when I
am preaching." "But to-day did you
notice me at ally "Yes I did, son,
several times," said the father. "Well,
papa, did you see me wink at you two
or three times y" "No, my son. What
did you wink at me for when I was
preaching ?" "I winked at you, papa,
to get you to stop. I'ou were spinning
it tooflbng."
Don't read books and papers which
suggest thoughts you would not
utter. They stain the soul; they
burn the heart. Can you thrust your
hand into soot and bring it out white
and clean y Can you singe your
clothes and not have the smell of fire
on your garments '( Beware of books
which are suggestive of evil, though
they be clothed in the purple and
gold of fine language. Don't watch
for evil intentions in those around
you. Hold every man honest until
proved otherwise. Thus believing in
others you will draw out of them
their best, for men, ordinarily, are the
best to those who believe in them.
Also keep ytfur heart young by faith
in your fellowmen.
. ' Got an Office.
fGoliad Guard. !
A dispatch f rom Laredo to the
Corpus Christi Daily Critic says on
the authority of Congressman Ochil
tree that Hon. Bolivar Pridgen has
been appointed vice consul at Piedras
Negras, Mexico.
What and When to Drink.
I think it is a mistake to drink
strong tea when we . merely need
water, but as to suggesting a practi
cal substitute, l confess to being
often in considerable difficulty owing
cnietiy to people s acquired tastes.
One would premise by asking the
reader. Does he eat and drink to live,
or does he live to eat and drink ? For
such as practically live in order that
tney may eat ana drink, l think it
matters but little in what way they
wear out their viscera and extinguish
themselves. But for refined gour
mets, who, while enjoying their eat
ing and drinking, as healthy people
enjoy the performance of all their
natural functions, yet eat and drink
in order to satisfy their bodies with
energy in the best way, and not as a
mere animal indulgence, the question
is one of large and practical interest.
Now such people in eating and drink
ing, should all aim to get the largest
amount of energizing food at a mini
mum of cost and at a minimum of
wear and tear to the digestive and
scavenging viscera of the body fed
But want of water is much more rap
idly and painfully fatal than want of
food. WTater in the system plays the
part, first, of a solvent; second, as a
vehicle for carrying the dissolved
food into the system, and afterward
from one part of the .system to the
other in a ceaseless circle of water
carriage movement; thirdly, of dis
solving out of the tissues all effete
matters and carrying these on; to the
scavenging organs, such as the lungs,
kidneys, bowels and skin. Now, in
cholera, where vast quantities of
aqueous dejections occur, the blood
becomes thick, treacly and viscid, and
all the functions of the body are ob
structed inversely in the order of
their necessity for the maintenance of
existence. First, the oxidation of
food is diminished, and the tempera
ture of the body rapidly falls: second.
the elimination ot refuse matters
other than by the bowels is diminish
ed variously, and effects, practically
of poisoning by these retained mat
ters, takes place, touch are the vio
lent muscular cramps which torment
the patient for hours previous to
death.
In slower forms of death from want
of water, as on shipboard or in boats
at sea, maniacal symptoms are ushered
in by the fearful thirst, and these are
largely due to retention within the
blood of effected matter, which, while
the blood is adequately liquefied, are
carried oft in solution by the kidneys.
These forms of death are only ex
treme developments of the appetite
tor water, which we call thirst. In
quenching thirst,-it should be recol
lected that water is the only sub
stance by which thirst can be met,
and that intermixing alcohol, coffee,
tea, etc., with water, in order to re
lieve thirst, is a mistake. Neither al
cohol tnor any other liquid will do
aught but hasten death from thirst.
Much salt in the food makes one
very thirsty. Why? Because an
excess of salt having been
taken into the Mood, the
kidneys hasten to turn it out of the
system; and turning out the salt, they
have to eliminate a large quantity of
water in order to dissolve it and
carry it off; thus the blood is left too
thick, and the person feels thirsty.
Now, one reason why beer-drinkers
go back so soon and so repeatedly to
the public house is because salt is put
into the Deer tor them; and, taking:
the effect of the salt and of the alco
hol together, there is no doubt that
beer aggravates thirst instead of
quenching it.
Jieer-dnnkers imagine that abstain
ers from alcohol drink "a lot of cold
water." But, in point of fact, it is
the beer-drinkers who drink the
lot of cold water." Any
beer-drinker who goes to the
food department of the South
Kensington museum will there see
the constituents-of the beer all sepa
rated in a visible form in their proper
proportions, and he will learn that,
out of twenty pints of beer that he
buys, nineteen are water. Nealyone
pint is sdcohol, and the rest is treacly
residue, with salt and other unim
portant constituents. The treacly
matter represents the food material.
or residual barley, left in the beer.
The alcohol may be partially oxidized
in the system, but its effects are chief
ly felt in taking the edge off' those
sensibilities by means of which the
system is conscious of fatigue; and
a large part of the alcohol is exhaled
by the lungs and skin, as is shown by
the smell which emanates from the
drinker.
Bee when taken at meal time by
those whose stomachs have been
trained to look for it, provokes a se
cretion of gastric juice, and its alco
hol is rapidly washed out of the stom
ach, in order that the solution of the
food may not be hindered. If strong
er alcoholic beverages are taken, such
as wine or spirit, digestion is more
completely arrested pending their re
moval, and as is well known, if the
glass of wine is repeated too often,
digestion is altogether prevented, and
a few hours afterward the food has to
be returned by the way it entered. In
this case it is generally said that "the
salmon has disagreed" with the un
fortunate diner-out; but I have gen
erally observed that the capacity for
walking straight is as much impaired
as is the capacity for digesting food,
and, unless when wine had been
taken largely, I never saw "the sal
mon" make a man ill
The habit of drinking strong-tea or
black coffee directly after dinner is
especially bad, and certainly interferes
with digestion. At breakfast time a
healthy man has all his sleep in him,
and surely it is then unscientific for
him to inflict upon his system strong
tea or coffee. At "tea time" tea or
coffee may well be indulged in moder
ately; the bulk of the day's work is
done; the body hot only wants rinsing
out, but fatigue is felt which may
well be counteracted by the use of a
mild stimulant, such as tea; and bed
time is not yet so near that sleep is
thereby interfered with. Most na
tions that drink coffee largely get a
sallow skin; and I am inclined to
think that the carbonaceous matter
of the roasted coffee, when so largely
and frequently taken, may perhaps
have something to do with this. For
hard-working people who are not cor
pulent, I should suggest the thick
flake cocoa as the healthiest and most
nutritious breakfast beverage.
For those who do not want fatten
ing drinks, and who often cannot di
gest cocoa, I should say drink hot wa
ter at breakfast. Those who dine
late and make their dinner their main
meal, need a diluent drink an hour or
two afterwards, and if they drink tea
it keeps them awake or makes
them irritable and nervous 1
find for myself that dining
solidly as I am obliged to do when I
have done my work (-7:30 p. m.), and
often needing to work from nine to
eleven, a tumbler of hot water
hrniie-ht into mv studv or laboratory-
is the best and wholesomest drink,
and, alter a tew evenings, it will be
as much relished as the usual draught
of tea. The hot water assists to com
plete the digestion of residual food,
it acts upon the kidneys and rinses
out the effete matters, and thus will
be found to wake one up sufficiently,
and neither to injure the stomach nor
to keep the brain awake after bed-time.
In cold weather warm water is by
far the best drink at dinner time, and
in hot weather a draught of warm
,water is far wholesomer and more
cooling than cold or iced water. The
use of iced water is one of the des
tructive habits in which our Ameri
can cousins indulge not because it
cools them or quenches their thirst,
but simply because they have acquired
bad habits - and have demoralized
their palates. At an hotel in the
United States guests will be seen
sipping hot coffee, iced milk
and other things alternately, as
well as devouring, in no time a vast
quantity of viands, on the principle
of "devil take the hindermost," and
mixing up in their mouths substances
which to an ordinary Englishman
seem to make a strange medley. It
may be that the "devil takes the. hin
dermost" at the hotel tables, bnt I am
certain that afterward the doctor gets
the foremost, for nowhere else do we
see such a nation of dyspeptics and
such need for dentists. -An English
Physician in the World of Science.
HE CARES FUK ilOTHISti.
BT WILL WINTKK.J
Who rares for nothing alone Is free
Sit down, good fellow, and drink with me!
With a careless heart and a merry eve.
He laughs at the world a the world goes by.
He laugh at power, and wealth, and fame;
He laughs at virtue, he laughs at shame;
He laughs at hojie and he laughs at fear;
At memory's aead leaves crisp and sere;
He laughs at the future, cold and dim
Nor earth, nor Heaven is dear to him.
O, that is comrade At for me!
He cares for nothing, his soul is free.
Free as the soul of the fragrant wine
Sit down, good feUow, my heart is thine.
For I heed not custom, creed nor law;
I care for nothing that I ever saw.
In every city my cups I quaff.
And over the chalice I riot and laugh,
I laugh Uke the cruel and turbu'ent wave;
I laugh at the church and 1 laugh at the grave.
I laueh at iov. and well I know '
That I merrily, merrily, laugh at woe.
And he cares for nothine. a Kinc is hp
Come on, old fellow, and drink with me!
With VOU I will drink to the solemn mist
Though the cup 1 drain shall be my last.
I will drink to the nhautoms of love ami trut li
To ruined hopes and a wasted youth.
I will drink to the woman who wrought my
woe.
In the diamond morning of long ago.
I will drink to the thoiuiht of a better time:
To innocence gone, Uke a death-bell chime.
I will drink to the shadow of coinini: doom.
To the phantoms that wait in my lonely tomb.
I will drink to mv soul, in its terrible mood.
Dimly and solemnly understood.
And, last of all, the monarch of sin.
ho conquered that palace and reigns within.
My sight is fading it dies away
I cannot tell is it night or day.
Through awful chasms I plunge and fall -
Waists.
Nineteenth Century !
Women, especially those of the up
per classes, who are not obliged to
keep themselves in condition to work.
lose after middle age (sometimes
earlier) a considerable amount of
their height, not by stooping, as men
do, but by actual collapse, sinking
down, mainly to be attributed to the
perishing of the muscles that support
the frame, in consequence of habitual
and constant pressure of stays, and
dependence upon the artificial sup
port by them afforded. Every girl
who wears stays that press upon these
muscles, and restrict the free develop
ment of the fibres that foim
them, relieving them from so do
ing, may feel sure she is preparing
herself to be a dumpy woman. A
great pity I Failure of health among
women wnen tne vigor ot youth
passes away is but too patent, and
but too .commonly caused by this
practice. Let the man who admires
the piece of pipe that does duty for a
human body picture to himself the
wasted torm and seamed skin. Most
women, f l oni long custom of wearing
these stays, are really unaware how
much they are hampered and restrict
ed. A girl of twenty, intended by na
ture to be one of her finest specimens.
gravely assures one that her stays are
not tight, being exactly the same size
as those she was first put into, not
perceiving her condemnation in the
fact that she has grown live inches in
height and two in shoulder-breath.
Her stays are not too tight, because
the constant pressure has prevented
the natural development ot heart and
lung space. The dainty waists of the
poets is precisely that flexible slim
ness that is destroyed by stays. The
form resulting from them is not
slim, but a piece of pipe, and as in
flexible. But while endeavoring to
make clear the outrage upon prac
tical good sense and sense of
beauty, it is necessary to undertsand
and admit the whole state of the case.
A reason, if not a necessity, for some
sort of corset may be found when the
forms is very redundant; this, how
ever, cannot be with the very young
and slight, but all that necessity could
demand, and that practical good sense
and fitness would concede, could be
found in a strong elastic kind of jer
sey, sufficiently strong, and even stiff
under the bust to support it, and suffi
ciently elassic at the sides and back
to injure no organs and impede
no functions. Even in the case
of the young and slight an
elastic band under the false
ribs would not be injurious, but .per
haps the contrary, serving as a con
stant hint to keep the chest well for
ward and the shoulders back; but
every stiff, unyielding machine, crush
ing the ribs and destroying the fibre
of the muscle, will be fatal to health,
to freedom of movement, and to beau
ty; it is scarcely too much to say that
the wearing of such amounts to stu
pidity in those who do not know the
consequences (for oveTand over again
warning has been given) and to wick
edness in those who do.
Preserving Pretty Faces.
The desire to improve the appear
ance or preserve her beauty is im
planted in every woman's heart.
Nothing can be said against the de
sire; it is perfectly legitimate. But
very much can be said against the
wished-for end. A moderate use of
simple violet powder for the bath or
used lightly on the face is not injuri
ous to the skin. It has a pleasant
feeling and takes away the glossy
look from some faces; but chalk and
paste that are too frequently used
give the skin an unnatural and painty
appearance, and when the folly of
using rouge on the cheeks is added a
pretty face is vulgarized. Many
ladies have an indelicate manner of
powdering in public, and if you
are a careful observer you will
frequently see a young woman on
boat or train, or in a waiting room,
take out a handkerchief with powder
on one corner and deliberately chalk
her face, very often before men who
are standing about. One of the most
beautiful blondes I ever saw con
tracted the habit of powdering to ex
cess. Her natural complexion was
exquisite and she had no need of arti
ficial aid, but she thought it added to
her appearance, and so she powdered
to such an extent that every one no
ticed it and gave her no credit for
what nature had really done for her.
A proper care of health and diet will
add the most of anything to one's ap
pearance, and the laws of health are
entirely opposed to filling the pores
of the skin with chalk and
paint that are frequently composed
of poisonous ingredients, which
a e not only dangerous but vulgar.
Mr. Labouchere advice to ladies is
to wash their face in very hot water
if they wish a beautiful skin and no
wrinkles has been' widely read and
adopted by many women. The com
plexion, because it is one of the first
aiid foremost attributes of feminine
beauty, is more tampered with, more
subjected to every conceivable style
of treatment than the care of the hair,
teeth, eyebrows, lashes.nails and hands
would amount to altogether, if
summed up in one. Such various
treatments of the skin often result in
doing it more harm than good. Wash
ing in hot water is undoubtedly bene
ficial for the skin in certain cases,
but with all due respect to Mr. La
bouchere, it is not to be recommended
universally. It is self-evident that
each type requires a treatment partic
ularly adapted to its own needs, and
women must exercise their own judg
ment in such matters and study what
sort of skin they really have.
It is not well to use much soap, not
withstanding some women preach an
other gospel in reference to this; but
if you have a very fresh, tough skin
you may be able to stand frequent
latherings for a few years and im
agine you owe your freshness of col
oring to that, but you will soon seethe
folly. -
The New York World has been
waiting to see some of its Republican
contemporaries suggest that the unre
pentant rebels of the south fed Presi
dent Arthur on shrimp salad and
butter milk with an eye to creating a
vacancy in the presidential office, and
seizing the reins cf power.
HOME, FARMLAND RANCH.
Effects ok External TEMPERA
TURE L PON THE BODY II EAT. Dr.
Nasaroff has been experimenting up
on rabbits to determine the effects of
sudden elevation and lowering of
temperature. . The animals were first
placed in a room the temperature of
which varied from 100 to 130 degrees.
Partly grown or fasting rabbits re
sponded more quickly to the influence
ot tne not air than did lull grown ani
mals or those th.it had just eaten.
The body temperature rose at first
slowly, but when 110 degrees was
reached the increase was more rapid
about 3.5 degrees in ten minutes. If
the animal were removed quickly
from the chamber when a tempera
ture of 111 degrees was reached, it re
covered promptly. The only results
of such an elevation were a momen
tary sinking of the temperature
below the normal and a
temporary albuminuria. In ca;es
of death . the striated mus
cular tissue as well as the liver and
kindeys were seen to be darker than
normal. There was also a stasis in
the capillaries. In experiments upon
the abstraction of heat, young and
fasting animals responded more
quickly. They were placed in water
of 32.5 degrees to 52.5 degrees, and rer
covered alter a lowering of the body
heat to 62 degrees, but a temperature
of 60 degrees was fatal. After num
erous repetitions the animals acquired
an increased heat-forming power and
were less readily attested by the sur
rounding temperature. Nasaroff
states that the effects upon the inter
nal organs of sudden change of tem
perature are too insignificant to ac
count for disease from "catching
cold."
Dr. Richet and Rondeau have ako
been' conducting somewhat similar
investigations to determine the mode
of death by freezing. The first change
was noticed in the respiration, which
became at first shallow and then ir
regular. Life could be preserved
longer if artificial respiration were
practised. Next the heart was affect
ed, the pulsations becoming markedly
slowed. When the temperature fell
below 62 degrees the nervous system
became affected. The loss of the
power of voluntary movements pre
ceded that of reflex movements.
The corneal reflex was lost be
fore the muscular reflexes of
the lower extremities. Sensibility
ui ptiui ituu eieuincai lmtauiiiiy
were also lost although the niraal
was apparently dead, it could often
be resuscitated by warmth and arti
ficial respiration. The pulse returns
first, then reflex movements; respira
tion is next established, and. last of
all to return is the power of voluntary
movements. The practical value of
these experiments lies in the demon
stration ot the possibility ot recovery
of warmth and artificial respiration.
Centralblattf un Klin. Medicin, Jan
uary Z, 18S3.
AG iy C ULTURAL ITEMS.
While cows giving exceptionally
large quantities of milk will some
times show large butter yields, yet as
a rule the two things do not go to
gether, and are, in fact, inconsistent
with each other. Breeding for quan
tity of milk is almost certain to de
preciate the quality and reduce the
butter yield.
The grass that grows on land in
tended for corn or potatoes is worth
much more for plowing under as
green manure than its possible feed
ing value. Its succulence cause it to
rot quickly, and in so doing it makes
available much plant f - od in the soil
that is locked up in clods, or is not in
soluble condition.
A long series of careful chemical
analysis was carried on at the Michi
gan agricultural college recently in
regard to the comparative feeding
value of white and yellow dent corns.
It was foupd that there was but a
very slight difference in value be
tween the two, not enough to lie of
any practical account.
The complaint of the fence burden
is rapidly increasing among intelli
gent farmers. In large sections of
the best cultivated portions of the
country the pasturing system has had
its day, and to a large extent this is
also true of keeping stock on hay in
winter. Where ensilage is not adopt
ed hay is no longer the main reliance,
stock being kept on coarse fodder and
grain. As keeping cattle and horses
on hay involves a loss on high priced
land, it is only a question of time and
increasing intelligence when it will
be abandoned.
KITCHEN KEC1PES.
Tomato Toast. Run a quart of
stewed ripe tomatoes through a col
ander, place in a porcelain stew-pan,
season with butter, pepper and salt,
and sugar to taste; cue slices of bread
thin, brown on both sides, butter and
lay on a platter, and just before serv
ing add a pint of good sweet cream to
the stewed tomatoes, and pour them
over the toast.
Tea Rolls. One quart of flour,
one half-teaspoonful of salt, three tea
spoonsf uls of baking powder, a table
spoonful of lard, one pint of milk;
mix as soft a dough as you can handle
easily, and take pains not to work in
much flour on the moulding-board;
cut out in narrow strips, about three
inches long; rub the top over with a
little hot milk and bake in a hot oven.
Catfish in Battek. Cut the fish
in pieces about two inches in length
and one inch in thickness, beat three
eggs very light, adding salt, pepper
and enough Worcester sauce to flavor
them; dip the fish in this batter,
then roll it in cornmeal or in cracker
crumbs; fry in plenty of lard until it
is a dark brown; garnish with lemon
sliced, if no greens are available; cel
ery tops, parsley or small and tender
lettuce leaves are preferred.
Chocolate Custard. The ma
terials for chocolate custard are two
sections of chocolate, a quart of milk,
a cup of sugar, the yolks of six eggs
and one tablespoon! ul of corn starch.
Beat the chocolate and the corn
starch smooth in separate cups with
milk, and boil the rest of the milk, add
the chocolate and corn starch, and
last of all the eggs, stirring constant
ly until the mixture is thick and
smooth. It is to be eaten with white
cake made with the whites of the
eggs.
Omelet. Whip the whites and
yolks of six eggs together for four
minutes and then beat in four tea
spoonfuls of cream, half a teaspoon
f ul of salt and a little pepper. Put
two tablespoon t uls of butter in a pan
and melt it, then pour in the beaten
egg, and let it remain until it is firm
from circumference to center, slip
ping a knife under it from time to
time to keep it from clinging to the
pan. When it is quite done double
one-half over the other, and lift it out
on a cake turner, unless you are clever
enough to turn it into a plate by re
versing the frying pan upon it. Some
persons can do it, and others only sue
ceed in breaking the omelet and the
plate, with any good resolutions they
may have made about keeping their
temper in the kitchen.
Swiss Pudding This is the way in
which Miss Parloa prepared a Swiss
pudding for her New York class:
The rind of a lemon was grated into
a pint of milk, which was put upon
the stove in a double boiler. A tea
cupful of flour and four teacupfuls of
butter having been rubbed together,
the milk was poured upon them as
soon as it boiled. All the ingredients
were put into the boiler to be cooked
five minutes, with a stirring during
the first two. The yolks of five eggs
and three tablespoonfuls of sugar
were beaten together and stirred into
the boiling mixture, which was imme
diately thereafter removed, from the
fire and set away to cooL,' When it
had become cold the 'whites of
the eggs, beaten to a stiff
froth, were added. The pudding
was turned into a three-quart mould
that had been carefully buttered, and
steamed for forty minutes, when it
was turned out upon a hot dish and
served at once. Creamy sauce accom
panied this pudding. Half a cupful
of butter was beaten to a cream, and,
while the beating was continued, half
a cupful of powdered sugar was grad
ually added. When the mixture was
light and creamy f our tablespoonfuls
of wiuo were added, and then one,
fourth of a cupful of cream, a little
at a time. When the sauce had leen
beaten smooth the bowl containing it
was set i to a basin of hot water, and
thfl Rtirrmcr v-u j rMnmiut until Ra
. - - ' . . , ...,iiiv v. UAAbAX VUU
sauce was perfectly smooth and
creamy, no longer. This condition
was secured in a few moments.
How Butter May Be Spoiled.
Good butter mav be s noil a1 in
churning. Over-churning ruins the
texure and changes the proper waxi
ness to a disagreeable, sickly greasi
ness. This is the more easily rlon in
a churn with dashes, which will press
the butter against the sides of the
churn and squeeze and rub it until it
is spoiled. Too long churning spoils
the quality by the oxidation of the
butter and the premature formation
of strong flavored acids in it, the full
presence of which we call rancid
ity. It may be spoiled at too
high a temperature, by which it
is made soft and oily, and of greasy
texture ami flavor." No subsequent
treatment can remedy this error. It
may be spoiled before the cream
reaches the churn by keeping it too
long, or what is practically the same
by keeping it in too warm a place;
fifty degrees is about the right tem
perature if the cream is kept a week;
if it is kept at sixty-two degrees three
day s is long enough. White specks are
produced in butter by over-churning
or by having the cream too sour.
Either of the faults produce curd in
the milk, and the small flakes of this
cannot be washed out of the butter. -
Milk trom a cow in ill-health and
that is acid when drawn, will produce
specky butter. So will the use of salt
containing specks of lime, which
unite with the butter and form in
soluble lime soap. White specks are
covered up to a large extent by using
good coloring. .
GENERAL LAWS.
CHAPTER XLVH.
An act to regulate the condemnation
oi property in cities and towns for
the purpose of opening, widening
or changing public streets,.avenues
or alleys, or for water mains,-ox--
sewers.
Section 1. Be it enacted bv the
legislature of the state of Texas,
That whenever the city council of
my incor;orated city or town shall
deem it necessary to take private '
property in order to open, change or
widen any puuuc street, avenue or
alley, or for the construction of water
mains, or sewers within or without
the limits of such city or town, such
property may be taken tor such pur- .
pose by making just compensation to
the owner thereof. If the amount
of such compensation cannot be
agreed upon it shall be the duty of
such city council to cause to be
stated in writing the real estate or
property sought to be taken, the
name of the owner thereof and his
residence if known, and file, such .
statement with the county judge of
the county in which said property is
situated.
Sec. 2. Upon the filing of such
statement it shall be the duty of said
judge in term time or vacation to
appoint three disinterested free
holders and qualified voters of the
county as special commissioners to
assess the damages to accrue to t
owner by reasonof such proposed
condemnation.
Sec. 3. The commissioners so ap
pointed shall in their proceedings be
governed and controlled by the laws
in force in reference to the condem
nation of the right of way for railroad
companies and the assessment of the
damages thereof, the city or town
occupying the position of the
railroad company and all laws in
reference to applications for the con
demnation of the right-of-way for
railroad companies including the
measure of damages, the right of ap
peal and the like shall apply to an ap
plication by a city or town under this
act for the condemnation of property
for the purpose of opening, changing
or widening streets, avenues or alleys,
or for the construction of water
mains or sewers, the city or tow
occupy the position of the railroad
company.
Sec. 4. Article 478 of the revised
statutes be and the same is hereby re
pealed. Sec. 5. The crowded condition of
the business on hand and the near ap
proach t f the close of the session cre
ates an imperative public necessity ,
authorizing the suspension of the
constitutional rule requiring bills to
be read on three several days and said
rule is hereby suspended.
Approved March 28, 1833.
- Takes effect ninety days after ad
journment. " 'jf;o
CHAPTER XLV.
An act to amend article 4724, chaptef-
3, title 95 of the revised statutes, '4
fix and equalize the compensation
of assessors of taxes.
Section 1. Be it enacted by the
legislature of the state of Texas,
That article 4724, chapter 3, title K5 '
shall hereafter read as follows: n
Article 4724. Each assessor of taxes
shall receive the following compensa-
tion for his services which shall b?"
estimated upon the total values oi
the property assessed, as follows; Foil
assessing the state and county tax, on
all sums of two millions of dollars or
less, five cents for each one hundred
dollars of property assessed, and
all sums over two millions aBS8
than five millions of dollar, two
and one-half cents on each one hun
dred dollars, and all sums over five
millions of dollars, two cents on each '
one hundred dollars. Two-thirds of
the above fees shall be paid by the
state, and one-thirdy the county,
and for assessing the poll ta., five
cents for each poll which shall be paid
by the state.
Sec. 2. The near approach of the
close of the session creates an emer
gency requiring the suspension of the
constitutional rule requiring bills to
be read on three several days, and
said rule is hereby suspended.
Approved March 28, 1883. -
Takes effect ninety days after ad
journment. The liability of railway freight
trains to accident was thus referred
to recently by the freight superintend
end of a New England line. "At
this very moment," h said, ,-we have
probably twenty freight trains mov
ing along our track between Hart
ford and Boston. Remembering that
it is but a single track part of the
way, you will see that an accident to
any one of the trains will make more
or less trouble and delay for both pas
senger and freight trains everywhere
along the line. Then-think of the
great possibility of some accident pro
ducing that result. A freight car has
four axles and eight wheels. Twenty
trains, then, estima'ting them at
twenty freight cars each, will have
sixteen hundred axles and
thirty-two hundred wheels.
The breaking of one axle
or one wheel will make trouble, as 1
have said; and that some one of the
sixteen hundred axles, or some one of
the thirty-two hundred wheels, should
smash during the day, is very possible
in fact, probable. Send the same
distance a sufficient number of wag
ons to convey the same amount of
freight, and, however carefully they
might be looked after, it would tie un-.
likely that they would go through '
without accident of some kind. No
one outside of railroading has any
conception of the amount of the in
csssant care and oversight that is nec
essary. Even then, something may
give way without x moment's warn
ing, owing to defective metal or con
struction; and the public, without
stopping to think, call it careless rail
roading. Such troubles are inscpara-
ble from the freight business and are v
occuring to a greater or less extent
on every railroad in the country."
Tom Ochiltree was talking sense
when he told the Gould party that
there was more money in buying the "
sugar lands of Brazoria, Matagorda
Wharton and Fort Bend ccuntie
than there could be in ten thousand
miles of railway.

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