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The Austin weekly statesman. (Austin, Tex.) 1883-1898, May 10, 1883, Image 7

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THE STATESMAN.
AUSTIN. TEXAS.
I ! gen. Sherman's personal staff will
be disbanded in June. At that time
1 he will leave for his western tour of
inspection,
These is said to be no hope for
f the recovery of Key. J. II. Curry, of
Dallas. His case is' pronounced con'
firmed insanity
The government will send an armed
Bteam yacht to Galveston for the pur
pose of stopping the smuggling which
is going on there.
Attorney-General Brewster has
made formal application to Judge
Wylie to be allowed to take part in
the closing argument in Star route
cases.
The committee for locating the
new lunatic asylum has been in
session at Dallas. It is thought they
will put the institution on the line of
the Texas and Pacific, somewhere be
tween Terrell and Weatherford.
The federal census makes the state
debt of Kentucky over eighteen hun-
dred thousand dollars when it is only
one-tenth that sum. The city and
county indebtedness amounts to over
seventeen millions, that of Jefferson
county alone being over eight mil
lions.-
About this time of year wool
growers must expect to hear the most
doleful reports from the woolen man
ufacturers. Trices of the raw mate
rial must not be stimulated on the
eve of shearing. One point, how
ever, says a well informed cotompo-
rary, may be relied upon, that the sup
ply of old wool on hand is light.
M. deLksseps returned home from
his month's journey in Africa enthu
siastic upon the subject of the pro
posed Sahara sea. lie thinks the ca
nal of communication, one hundred
and eighty kilometres long, can be cut
.through in five years, and at one-sixth
of the cost estimated by the govern
ment commission which reported
against the scheme.
Tnu funds of the Lee monument
association, of which Gen. Jubal A.
Early was custodian, were invested
in Virginia bonds, which the Mahone
repudiation rendered worthless. Ev
erything will have to be commenced
anew. Gen. Early has published a
card offering to be one of fifty gentle
men to subscribe $1000 each to erect
the proposed equestrian statute in
.Richmond.
The largest empire in the world is
that of Great Britain, comprising 8,
58,658 square miles, more than one
sixth of the land of the globe, and
embracing under its rule nearly a
sixth of the population of the world.
In territorial extent the United States
ranks third, containing 3,580,242
square miles, including Alaska; in
population it is fourth in rank, with
its 50,000,000 inhabitants.
The American Cultivator, which is
now a most welcome visitor to the
Statesman, is certainly one of the
most valuable agricultural papers. of
the country. Not only is it devoted to
agriculture, but it gives a vast deal
of information on horticulture, me
chanics and art, and it is especially
a pleasing family paper. It is pub
lished by George B. James, Boston,
Massachusetts, at $2.50 per annum.
It is estimated that the present
population of the United States is
54,800,000. Judging by the returns
between 1370 and 1880 the rate of gain
Jjy excess of births over death is
about two per cent per annum. The
uncertain element in these estimates
is the number of immigrants. At all
events this country is growing in
wealth and population at a rate hith
erto unparalleled in the annals of his
tory. The cold-blooded murder of the
colored man, George Henderson, in
Bexar county, on the supposition
that he was an escaped convict, is an
outrage on society. But the Texas
code has taught that a -convict is en
titled only to the most brutal treat
ment. The life of a convict has been
considered by those placed in charge
of convicts as no more worthy of
preservation than that of a danger
ous brute.
It is estimated that the number of
immigrants this year will be one hun
dred thousand less than last year.
The fact that $6,000,000 were paid ouc
by immigrants for railroad tickets at
Castle Garden alone in the year end
ing last December is an indication of
what the immigration is. The de
mand for farm hands is greater than
lhe supply, and they get remunerative
employment as soon as they land.
Mechanics do not fare so welL Girls
for home servants are in great de
mand. Scandinavians bring more
money than any other immigrants.
They are mostly farmers, and being
good and faithful workers soon quit
service to become proprietors.
The triple alliance between Ger
many, Austria, Hungary and Italy
guarantees integrity "of territory to
each of those states, and it
may be accepted as the
first step towards disarma
ment. The first effect of the alliance
is to isolate France on one side and
Russia on the other; yet we do not
see how disarmament can be effected
in the centre without some under
standing with these powers. Nor is
it likely that either is ready to come
to an understanding. No ministry
could live in France after renouncing
the hope of restoring Alsace and Lor
raine to that country. Even the czar
could not hold his throne after avow
ing that he leaves the southern Slavs
i,o be ground between the Hapsburgs
and the porte. A reduction of
the armies of the three allies,
to the number at which the Ger
man army now stands is the utmost
that can result from the alliance, and
it may be that Prince Bismarck is not
ainprepared for that amount of disar
mament. He and his master have
been studying the condition of the
working classes in Germany. They
hardly can-have missed seeing that
the maintenance of great armies is a
radical evil of the situation. No
country which keeps a large fraction
of its people under arms, can com
pete industrially with countries like
England and America, which are un-
ier no such disadvantage.
' The new gas works machines is
Mng put in place. The old company
, ill "enjoin we are reliably
formed.
in
T11L RACE qt'ESTHLX.
The discussion of the race question
by the New York Sun brings to mind
the declaration of Fred Douglass, that
the only solution of the problem is
colonization of the colored people in a
foreign country, or complete inter;
mixture with the whites. Douglass
is recognized as the leader of the
negro race in America, but he ought
to know that such colonization of
seven millions of negroes is an abso
lute impossibility. As to the admix
ture of the races, there
has been, according to present
indications, more in the past
than there ever will be again. The
mulattos are rapidly increasing in
numbers, and present indications are
that in one or two more generations
they will be almost unknown. The
overplus of the whites are more no
ticeable in the north than anywhere
else in the country. Of the seven
millions of negroes in the United
btates nearly one million reside in
northern states, and yet their in flu
ence is dreaded more there than at
the south, so much so that they
have never gained any social
rights; and the proba
bility is that the negro at the north
will never gain any. He is tolerated
in busines circles less at the north than
in the south. The line between races
is more sharply drawn here than it
once was, and this arises to a very
considerable degree in the fact that
the negroes themselves desire the line
be drawn. That interest in this
question grows is not surpris
ing, since comparative rates or
increase between the races are calcu
lated to awaken deep solicitude. The
colored race is not only free, equal
before the law with the whites, but
the census shows that the black race
is multiplying more rapidly than the
white. In three states it outnumbers
the white, and in four others nearly
equals it. In 1870 there were 4,880,000
negroes in the country; in 1880 there
were 6,577,000 an increase of 1,490,-
000, or thirty-five per cent. And yet
it is asserted that, with this great
weight of numbers, with twenty
years of freedom and sixteen
years of the enjoyment of the
voting franchise, the race ex
hibits no encouraging evidences
of growth in its capacity for the
stern duties of government, and very
little of Capacity for making head
way in the struggle of life. Even in
the three southern states where they
are in the ascendency they do not
rule, nor is it possible they would rule
even with large majorities. Neither
one of Fred Douglass's propositions
can be complied with, but the line is
growing too distinct between races
for both to always live to
gether in that peace and har
mony requisite for a country's
greatest prosperity. The greatest ad-
vancement is in thqse states and dis
tricts where there are no negroes; and
if, 'as this shows, their influence is
damaging to whites it is unwise and
unjust for the two to remain, the one
dependant for good or evil upon
the other. It is strongly assert
ed even in the northern states that
this is a white man's country, and
so it - will be. To preserve
the integrity of the races which ap
pears to be the desire of both, is the
problem that must be solved, and
how it may be done is the question
that must be discussed jmd-decTdedV
There are not a few who hold that
thecolored people should be colonized
in some portion of the United States,
and the idea is probably a good one.
Here at the south the question does
not disturb us as it disturbs northern
minds. From philanthropy they
would run to persecution. Miscegna
tion can not be; hence colonization
may be the solution! Let. Douglass
and the late northern philantrophists
settle what shall be done by a plan of
colonization.
THE SEW MEXICO.
It is certainly most gratifying to
watch the progress of Mexico, brought
alout by the introduction of a vast
amount of capital from the United
States, which has been expended in
building railways and other works of
improvement. Many millions have
also been invested in .mining oper
ations, and vast sums are being put in
Mexican lands. There is something
quaint about this present advance
ment in Mexico, brought about by
the energy and money of Anglo-Saxon
blood, for long before the English
colonies in America were a reality
Mexico, knew a civilization equal to
that of any part of the then known
world. Not only is her material pros
perity advancing, but Mexico's moral
status puts on the semblance of the
nineteenth century after the most ap
proved style known in this country.
She sends her gold 'and silver abroad,
and, contrary to the usage of ages,
issues paper money, based on wind
and worth much less than par. It
is suggested that this last fact may
account for the whereabouts of the
Greenback party, for. it has not been
heard of in these parts for lo these
many months. Nineteenth century
civilization crops out again in the re
pudiation of certain public indebted
ness. Mexico spends more than her
income, and public stocks are watered
as never at any other time since the
history of Central railway stock
twelve or fourteen years . ago.
Then, too, in spite of Catholi
cism and the sacredness of
the marriage tie, as taught by the
church, there is a strong movement in
favor of easy divorce laws on the Il
linois and Massachusetts plan. Cer
tainly Mexico advances, and we must
extend her all the credit deseryed.
She has still to advance, but there is
so much willingness displayed we
should not hesitate as to the fullest
fellowship. It is a grand coun
try, and not many years hence may
win the palm from her sister repub.
lie. Climates, soils and productions
combine to make Mexico a country of
unequal ed advantages, and as she out
stripped the world in civilization
many centuries ago, so she may again
under the most propitious circum
stances step to the front rank,
The readiness with which the fancy
embellishments of society take root
there shows how susceptible active
elements in that country are to take
on all that makes a people grand in
the forward march of civilization.
The Brazoria Independent says
there is a growing demand for lands
in Brazoria, Wharton and Matagorda
counties. Syndicates are being form
ed to invest in these lands, which will
certainly pay enormous profits.
proved plantations in these counties
were worth in I860 fifty dollars
acre.
an
ED1TOUUL SOTES.
The planetary records of May are
full of matters of exciting interest.
Two of the giant planets, Neptune
ana fcaturn, reacn conjunction. Mer
cury arrives at eastern elongation
and is visible as evening star during
nearly tne entire month. Venus and
Mars are in close conjunction. Every
planet iu the system, viewed from
the earth, is in the northern declina-
tion. The moon comes in for dis
tinguished honors, She is very near
Saturn, she occults Beta Scorpii, and
she gets up lor a lavored lew
in the far away region
of the southern Pacific ocean the
grandest, most sublime, and awe-inspiring
spectacle that terrestial ob
servers ever behold when, for nearly
six precious minutes, her dark shadow
conceals from view the glorious orb
or day.
Furious drivi ig is disgracefully
frequent in Paris, and is not confined
to cabmen, but it is very rare to near
of its being punished, touch a thins:.
however, occurred recently. Two
natives of Toulouse, seated at adjoin
ing tables in an eating house, discov
ered that they had the same calling,
Alter relating their experiences as
cab-drivers thev vaunted the excel
lence of ' their respective horses,
and decided on a race to the opera.
On the lJlace du Carrousel one ol
them knocked down a woman, whose
lea: was broken. Both drivers were
arrested, and the magistrate declared
them equally responsible, although
the accident was immediately caused
by one vehicle only. The victim de
manded 10,000f. damages, and the two
drivers were condemned each to pay
louur. and costs.
Miss Risa Mellner, of the Gestinger
opera troupe, was arrested in Balti
more, Wednesday night, for assault-
lner .Edward Zomerski. the stage man
user. Ill-feeling between the
two began a day or two previ
ously at Pittsburg. Miss Mellner
was standing at one ol the stage en
trances and Zemetski ordered her
awav. using language which she con
sidered insulting, bo did uustave
Am berg, the manager, ana he nnea
Zemetski half a month's pay for the
benefit of the actors' fund, and or
dered him to apologise. Zemetski ap
proached Miss Mellner to do this, but
that lady was so indignant that she
slapped his face. Manager Amberg
sent lor a policeman and had her ar
rested, and she wouid have spent the
night in the station-house, had not
the justice come down and released
her. The next morning she was dis
charged. The manager defends his
action on the ground that discipline
must be maintained.
MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS AND
THINGS.
The Kremlin will be lighted with
electricity at the coronation of the
czar. v
lhe Pennsylvania senate has re
jected the bill prohibiting treating to
spirituous or malt liquors.
The Presbyterian ministers have
seconded the protest of their Meth-
eaist brethren against the Dramatic
Festival.
A.n Iowa postmaster has been ar
rested for detaining the mad, includ
ing registered letters, from one to
eight weeks.
Bantam chickens were originally
brought from the East Indies, and
are supposed to derive the name from
uantam. a residency oi the island ot
Java.
The pins used in this country are
made by fourteen factories, chiefly lo
cated in New England. The annual
production for several years pas' hasJ
been about ,uuu,uuu pi as. This num
ber has not varied much for some
years, the demand remaining about
the same.
Some cannon were recently made
at Lille of much less than
ordinary weight, but the breech,
after being cast, was carefully
wound round with silk threads,
which were afterward covered with a
protection of rubber. It is thought
that the tenacity of the silk will be
even greater than that or the steel,
with much greater elasticity.
A law will come into operation
May 1, throughout Russia, regulating
the employment of minors in facto
ries. Children under twelve are not
to be employed under any pretense,
while from twelve to fifteen they
must not be allowed to work during
more than eight hours. In the latter
case, moreover, they must attend
school at least three hours a day.
The Bayeux tapestry contains, be
sides the figures ,of 595 quadrupeds,
birds, sphinxs, etc., the figures of 623
men, 202 horses, 55 dogs, 27 buildings,
41 ships and boats and 49 trees, or a
total of 1512 figures. The tapestry is di
vided into seventy-two separate com
partments, each representing one par
ticular . historical occurrence, and
bearing an explanatory Latin inscrip
tion. Every able-bodied adult in Norway
is to receive a musket and be in
structed in its use at the expense of
the state. "This measure," writes a
correspondent, "will render the large
farms with their great number of
servants and ploughmen little arse
nels, and the war-like spirit of the
farmers will receive a fresh stimu
lant." It is doubtful if a "fresh stim
ulant" to the spirit of the Norwegian
independence, which has already been
stimulated almost, if not quite, to the
point or disloyalty, win add to the
security of King Oscar's dual throne.
M.Legouve tells an anecdote of Tal
ma watching the actor Dorival from
the prompter's box until he had dis
covered his secret, which consisted in
always taking a fresh breath before
the last one was quite exhausted, and
in doing his best to conceal the be
ginning of each phrase by starting
whenever ne couia on an a, an e or
an o "that is to say, at tne point
where the fact of the mouth being al
ready open makes it possible to take
breath lightly, without the action be
ing perceived." Again," writes M.
Legouve, "Delle Sadie, the celebrated
singer, could run up ana aowrn tne
scale in front of a lighted candle with
out the flame wavering. How is this
done? It is because he employs ex
actly the quantity of breath needed to
carry the sound of the notes. If you
or I were to try it we should simply
waste our breath.
De Brazza, the French explorer and
the rival of the American Stanley,
has at last sailed for the Congo re
gion. He taies with him sixteen di
rectors ot industrial works, tniny sci
entists and politicians, and one hun
dred riflemen. His baggage comprises
three hundred and fifty muskets, one
hundred and fifty revolvers, four hun
dred sabres, thirty tons of gun pow
der, and some thousands of gallons of
brandy. He has also one hundred
thousand old and worn-out rifles,
given to him by the government, for
barter with the natives. "Mean
while." says a witty writer, "Mr.
Stanley is supposed to be sitting on
a stump at the mouth of the Congo,
TT1U1 dJUOUir Ull --VSOO I 11 VVOy
loaded to the muzzle, while a choir of
dusky natives in the background
softly sings, "I'm Waiting, de Brazza,
nth a Anhnnt-mm o nrnoa hid Irno-ta
ior tnee.
Among the distinguished gentle
men present at the recent meeting of
the National Academy of Sciences,
Washington City, was Prof. Otto von
totruve, tne eminent astronomer royal
of Russia, who gave the academy a
graphic description of the object-glass
the largest in the world which has
recently been completed at Cambridge-
port; .Massachusetts, ior the Kussian
government. "Next year," said
Prof. Struye, "we hope to have
in use at Pulkowa observ
atory the greatest refracting
telescope in the world, itussia is in
debted for it to the United States, and
we will try to show that she is worthy
of such a treasure." Prof. Asaph
Hall, in the course of some remarks,
said he had no hesitation in pronounc
irg the object-glass manufactured for
Russia the best one in the world, and
he elicited hearty applause when he
expressed his gratification that the
greatest telescope would go into the
custody of one of the very first
astronomers in the world.
THE SOUTHERN STATES.
Good crops are reported from
sections of Louisiana.
all
Tampa, Florida, has shipped,
this
season, 2,201,132 oranges.
Ice is now selling in Macon at
quarter of a cent per pound.
!N ew cases of smallpox have devel
oped in Jacksonville, Florida.
1'alatka, Florida, has had, during
the year, twenty thousand visitors,
Vicksburg has at last obtained tele
graphic connection with Port Gibson,
It is stated that a Republican paper
will soon be started in Jackson, Mis
sissippi.
Eight women and thirty-two men
are in the Vicksburg, .Mississippi,
workhouse.
The value of orchard products in
Florida for 1870 was $53,638, and in
1882 it was $728,295.
Harry Jackson, of Colbert county,
Alabama, has been appointed to
cadetship at Annapolis.
The cabbage shipments this winter
from Wythe county, Virginia, will
yield the county $3U,im
Ed Richardson, the Mississippi cot
ton king, is proposed for president of
the centennial cotton exposition.
There is a negro boy in Montgom
ery county, Virginia, who promises to
surpass blind Tom as a musician.
From the DeBar place, in Putnam,
Florida, $4000 worth of oranges were
sold from one hundred and htty trees,
Bowling Green, Kentucky, with
population of 5000, have five weeklies,
one Isemi-weekly and one daily pa
per.
It is estimated that fully one hun
dred persons have been killed by the
recent extraordinary tornado is Mis
sissippi
The Holly borings Register says
Mississippi is the only state in the
union that has not got a brewery or
distillery.
Some three hundred mules, horses
and cows have been killed in Bolivar
county, Mississippi, this year by buf-
taio gnats.
An old lady in Gainesville, Georgia,
has a colored baster-egg which she
prepared on an .Easter day ulty-two
years ago.
Out of 100 negro men in Oktibbeha
county, Miss., who were asked who
was president or the United States,
not one could tell.
The amount of money lost by the
recent New Orleans bank burglary
na3 not been ascertained,- but it is
from $10,000 to $50,000.
Within a radius of eight miles from
the center of Birmingham, Alabama,
6200 men are employed in foundries,
lurnaces and machine shops.
Several days ago Caleb Shackelford,
aged eighty-one, of West Virginia,
was married to Miss Kellv McDonald,
aged sixty-tour, or Culpepper.
The section of country around Car
lisle, Ark., is flooded with Tennessee,
Kansas and Mi isourj cattle men, who
want to purchase 3000 head of cattle,
Two thousand six hundred emi
grants from Germany were landed at
Liocast Point, Maryland. most ol
them at once took trains for the west.
The abode of supreme ignorance is
discovered. It is in the county of
Issaquena, Mississippi. An exchange
tells there is not a school within its
boundaries.
On the 23d the MaconJGeorgia, vol
unteers, fifty in number, celebrated
their fifty-eighth anniversary by a
rifle practice and a grand military
hop at night.
A Florida man complains that the
railways of that state are merebrach-
es of the Georgia system, and that
the Land of Flowers is only a back
door for Georgia,
Mahone is beginning his campaign
by issuing a circular letterof inquiry
to parties all over Virginia, re
questing a list of colored preachers
and their postofflce address.
A Tallahassee man planted $2
worth of English pea this season.
has marketed $50 worth of peas, had
ill his family could use, and expects
to sell several bushels more.
The Jefferson monument was taken
from Charlottesville to MonticeUo
last week. It was mounted on a
truck especially made for the purpose,
and it required two horses to draw
the load.
Two white tramps have been sent
to the chain gang for throwing kis
ses at the young "ladies of a Georgia
Seminary. The privileges of the
American citizen seem to be getting
very limited, indeed.
A one-armed resident of Hawkins-
ville, Ga., who has been married thir
ty years, is the father of twenty-one
children. It is about time the two-
armed men of Hawkinsville were
standing by each other.
A. S. Dorsey, near Athens, Ga., had
dams on two .fish-ponds to break on
Sunday night, and he lost 3000 pounds
of carp, worth $500. They Jwill
stock streams below as they were
ready to spawn.
The Graniteville. S. C. factory com
pany has just declared its last annual
dividend of twenty-one per cent., af
ter paying all expenses and the inter
est on its bonded debt. The stock
holders are said to complain loudly at
their hard luck because last year they
made thirty per cent.
Montgomery Advertiser: Now
comes the Anniston factory and ships
1000 bales of cotton goods to China to
make baggy breeches for the heathen.
Tht; south proposes not only to
squeeze the Puritans out of the west,
but the Britishers out of the east.
The south is getting hoggish about
this business, and we are glad of it.
In Douglassville, Ga about a year
ago, the sheriff of the county, an ex-
member oi the legislature ana several
other prominent and enlightened citi
zens, attacked a poor Italian image
vendor, spat upon him. rolled him on
the floor and then sat upon him, sing
ing ribaia songs and lating rude jokes.
A jury recently gave the Italian
$1250 damages.
PERSONAL.
It is feared Senator Anthony can
not survive.
Surgeon General James C. Palmer,
of the navy, retired, died in his seventy-second
year at his home in Wash
ington. Postmaster Krebs. of Fremont.
Ohio, was found to be $4000 short on
his accounts by a government exami
ner. He sold a building immedi
ately, and made good the amount.
A Travesty ot Council and Leader
ship.
Philadelphia Press, Bep.J
"To those who knew Chester Arthur
as he was in New York, with his ad
mitted faults and his robust manli
ness, who were drawn to him with af
fection, and who regarded him at
least as a youthful spirit, and a keen
politician to all such it seems strange
to see him now surrounded by such a
group or fossils. - H13 cabinet, as he
reorganized it alter the edge ot iar
fiehfs deafh had been taken off, never
represented republican sentiment, and
since the elections of last fall it has
been a travesty of council and leader
ship. It is incapable of originating
or grasping a broad political policy.
It is impotent to quicken and inspire
the Republican party with new en
ergy or even to catch the rewakened
spirit which springs from the Repub
lican masses. It lives in its own nar-
row circle and confined atmosphere.
and never feels the breezy currents of
healthful sentiment which come from
the East or the strong blasts of free
opinion which pour in from the West."
The wife of a judge at Missoula,
Montana, is certainly a woman of
coolness and pluck. On Thursday
night last she was awakened by a
burglar attempting to enter her room,
her husband being absent from home.
She warned him o leave, but he de
tied her, when she tried to shoot him
with a gun, which missed fire. She
then procured a revolver, with which
she tired twice, one ball taking effect
in the burglar's breast, killing him.
SCIENTIFIC.
A method of coating the surface of
wood so as to render it as hard as
stone has come into vogue in Ger
many. The composition is a mixture
of torty parts of chalk, titty of resin
and four of linseed oil, melted togeth
er, then adding one part of copper,
and finally one of sulphuric acid. It
is applied hot with a brush.
Dr. C. C. AblKtt has kept a caref id
record, extending over twenty years,
regarding the building of winter
houses by mu-krats, the storing of
nuts by squirrels, and other habits of
these and other animals, and has
found that the habits referred to, or
their omission, in certain autumns,
bears no relation to the character of
the coming winter.
The Gothard railway proper is 113
miles long, and there are in all not
less than fifty-six tunnels, comprising
more than one-tilth ot the whole line
many of these tunnels being also con
structed in spirals, to enable the road
to make very great ascents within
short distances. The main tunnel is
nine and one-fourth miles long, and
others exceed 6000 feet in length; the
width of the great tunnel is twenty-
six ieei.
Some veterinarians claim that pul
monary consumption can be conveyed
rrom cows to numan beings through
the milk. This is founded upon the
idea which many consider an estab
lished fact that tubercles are caused
by bacteria. Dr. Murray of Detroit
lately exammed 38 6 lungs of cattle,
and but one of them had tubercles.
Of this number 1794 were native
Michigan cattle. It is usually ob
served that thoroughbred animals, or
those raised in cities, are more liable
to consumption than others.
It is a wholly mistaken notion that
the eating of glucose is the cause of
diabetes, etc. Glucose is not un
healthy. It is the sweet principle of
many oi our irmts ana plants. Hut
it is two and one-half times less
sweet than cane sugar, and therefore
when syrups, etc., are adulterated
with it they are not so strong. For
culinary purposes one pound of pure
cane sugar is worth two and one-hall
pounds of glucose. Traces cf the
acids and other substances used in the
manufacture of glucose may remain
m the syrup or sugar, and may do
much harm,
At Columbia college, New York.
Dr. Henry D. Noyes, in a lecture
upon the eyes, says; "The human eye
has its lenses to perform the same
functions as the camera obscura of
the photographer. There is one ten
der spot in tne retina, tne size ot a
pin head, on which 13,000 nerves are
clustered, and this is the central point
of vision. A man reading ordinary
type at a distance of fifteen inches
has it photographed on the retina
only one-twenty-fifth of the size that
he sees, and a handsome young lady
on the opposite side of the street is
reproduced in a pretty little picture
of about one-sixteenth of an inch."
In a series of comparative experi
ments between the amount of energy
reflected in the form of light by an
rargand gas burner and the sun, Prof.
jjangtey showed the waste energy in
the former as represented by 07 6-10,
and the heat employed as light by
2 4-10. The same amount of energy
expended by the sun furnishes thirty
four per cent of light and sixty-six
per cent ot waste. Taking everything
into consideration, Prof. Langley es
timated that, putting the value of the
gas-plant of the country used in pro
ducing light at 30,000,000, about ninety-nine
per cent of it is wasted, as
compared with an ideal light in the
production of which there should be
no waste or energy. An argand gas
burner uses in the form of light less
than one per cent of the energy re
quired for its productian.
The Bine Man of Missouri.
Dr. Thomas F. Rumbold reports in
the St, Louis Medical and Surgical
Journal the loljowing history of a
patient known as the blue nian of
Missouri; "Mr, J. S. F , aged thirty-three
years, of Columbus, Slissouri,
At the age of about fifteen years he
took daily from Ave to ten drops of a
solution of nitrate of silver of the
strength of grs. xx. ad drachm j.
This was continued tor about hve or
six months; at the end of this time
he noticed that his lace and hands
were getting a peculiar dark color.
The color increased for some time
after he discontinued taking the silver
solution. The color of the integu
ment of his face and hands at the
present time resembles a- No. 2 lead
pencil mark, with a light
sky-blue in it. A stove
merchant who happened to see
him in my office, thought that his
face and hands had the appearance of
being colored with a light coating of
stove-polish, which is really a very
good description of his appearance, as
the skin of the face, especially, has a
marked polished appearance or a
shine to it. The color is decreased
during cold and dry weather, and in
creased during damp and hot days.
The mucous membrance lining the
anterior nares. the inside of the
mouth, the lips, the under portion of
the tongue, the soft palate, tonsils,
pharyngo-nasal cavity, larnyx, and
ocal cords were all covered by the
nitrate of silver, so were also the
membrana tympani and the sclerotic
coat of the eyes. The whole ot his
oodv was more or less colored, but
not to so marked a degree."
Mr. Gould's Western Trip.
A N ew York special says : In mak
ing his preparations for a prolonged
absence from the country. Mr. Gould
has carried into execution a scheme
by which he will control through the
Missouri Pacific nearly all the lines of
railroad in which he is directly inter
ested, and thereby he will prevent any
interference with them by specula
tors who might seek to take advant
age ot his absence. The .Missouri
Pacific now .leases the Missouri, Kan
sas and Texas, and the St. Louis, Iron
Mountain and bouthern, and the for
mer controls the International and
Great Northern, while the Iron Moun
tain has leased the Wabash, St. Louis
and Pacific. This brings four
lines under the direct con
trol of the Missouri Pacific.
The Texas and Pacific at
present partially occupies an
independent position; but it is hinted
that during Mr. Gould's visit to the
southwest arrangements will be made
to place this more completely in the
Missouri jacinc s system, xnen an
five of the Gould roads will be con
trolled by the Missouri Pacific, and it
will be beyond the power ot any otner
railroad combination to disturb them.
The stock of the International and
Great Northern was exchanged for
Missouri, Kansas and Texas on the
basis of one share of the former for
two of the latter, and the St. Louis,
Iron Mountain and Southern, stock
was taken up with Missouri Pacific on
the basis of three shares of the latter
for four of the former. H Mr. Gould
brings the Texas and Pacific into the
Missouri Pacific system, the latter
will control 7268 miles of road having
a combined capital of $156,553,700,
and a bonded debt of $225,457,367, and
it is a significant fact that the origi
nal Missouri Pacific property was
bought by Mr. Gould for $3,000,000.
Ninety Per Cent of the Woes.
Petroleum V. Nasby.l
In days past I have seen drunken
ness and the effects thereof. I have
seen the dead bodies of women, mur
dered by drunken husbands; I have
seen the best men in America go
down to disgraceful graves; and I
have seen fortunes wrecked, pros
pects blighted, and I have perused a
great many pages of statistics. There
are crimes on the calendar not result
ing from rum, but were rum elimin
ated, the catalogue would be so re
duced as to make it hardly worth the
compiling. Directly or indirectly,
rum is chargeable with a good 90 per
cent of the woes that inflict our
country.
The first two or three days after
putting horses to farm work in the
spring, the team should be rested
f reauentlv. and the collars eased from
the shoulders to admit air. A little
care at the beginning in preventing
galled shoulders will save many vaiu
able days' work during the season.
THE WONDERFUL AUDIPHONE
How Deaf Mutes Are Taught to Hear
and Speak in the Nebraska Insti
tute.
Globe-Democrat. J
Among the pupils at the Nebraska
state institute tor deaf mutes is a
bright little fellow about eight years
oiu, named Alex, iselcke. His par
ents, who reside at Peoria, Illinois,
are both deat mutes, and a brother,
who is a student in the institute at
Jacksonville, is also afflicted in the
same manner. Last September Alex
was brought to the .Nebraska insti
tute, ana up to that time had never
been known to make any articulate
sound other than the peculiar noise
common to mutes. In fact, he was as
dumb as an oyster, and
what is more, could not write
a word. Friday our corre
spondent visited the institute to get
an idea of the audiphone system of
teiichmg mutes to hear and speak,
which is occasioning considerable
comment, both in this country and
England. Little Alex, came into the
reception room, and the scribe's sur
prise carried on a- fair conversation
with him, apparently hearing very
well and talking very plainly, though
most of his words were of the simple
order. Principal Gillespie, in describ
ing the process by which this change
nau ueen wrougnt, said that some
three years ago he began to study
THE AUDIPHONE SYSTEM,
and formed a class of the brightest
children to experiment on. The audi
phone which he used is a fan-shaped
piece oi gutta percha. which,
when the edges are held
between the teeth, catches the
vibrations of sound and carries
them to the auditorv nerves. Hard.
patient work orougnt the scholars to
a condition where they could distin
guish vowel sounds or words when
uttered in- a loud tone. Teaching
Words and sentences followed, and as
tne auditory nerves, which had been
dormant since the pupil's birth, de
veloped, the teacher lowered his voice
gradually untd, in about three
months alter beginning, the instru
ments are laid aside, and the puoils
tuuuaiiBu learning to near anu talk
by the ordinary process.
.ui snowing wnat nis scnoiars can
do, Mr. Gillespie rang a bell to call
them in from recess and they came
flocking in as naturally as children of
perfect hearing. Jfext he questioned
tuciu many, iueir eyets uemg ciosea to
prevent "lip-reading." The answers
were given promptly, and most of the
little ones spoke very plainly. Spell
ing exercises and reading lessons fol
lowed, the teacher handling them
with about as much ease as a class of
ordinary public school children. In
fact, these pupils are further ad
vanced in language and arithmetic
than any public school class of the
sauie length of training.
When irincipai uiiiespie first an
nounced his belief that a large pro
portion of so-called deaf mutes are
children whose sense of hearing is
not entirely destroyed, and that they
might he educated in this way, he
was
BRANDED AS A DREAMER.
And classed with the seekers after
perpetual motion and other impossi
bilities. Mr. Gillespie s aim has been
to develop the auditory nerves in
cases of partial deafness, where the
pupil could neither hear nor apeak
when first taken in hand. Other
teachers have tried the same and ac
complished some success, but invari
ably made the mistake of stopping
when their scholars had been edu
cated to the use of the audiphone. In
the Nebraska institute the instru
ment is used simply as a stepping
stone, and when the pupil is once
started on the right track the phone
is cast aside and the wbrk kept up
...4.1 i- i.:'c !1 1 i T
How It Will Proceed.
New York World.
When the Democratic party takes
possession of the house of representa
tives next December, it will proceed.
if the advice of the World is heeded,
first of all to Ileal with such brazen
swindles as the imposition of a duty
of 121 per cent on the shop keeper s
plate-glass, and ot 160 per cent on the
poor man's blankets. After that
it will take up the treasury
decisions under the new tariff one
by one and carefully examine them.
The tariff question will thus be
straightway re-opened sufficiently to
enable tne consumers ot the country
to get in and trample out a brood of
protective taxes, the enactment of
Which was notoriously a matter of
bargain and sale last session. .The
men who paid for the enactment of
such taxes meant to prohibit importa
tion, which are the sources ot public
revenue, ior tne oenent ot a rew
shylocks like
the Dlate-class
and earthenware
dall made no
men. Mr. Kan
protest while
this was going
on. The pol-
icy of the Democratic party, if the ad
vice ot the world is followed, will
bring over to the support of the Dem
ocratic ticket every well-conducted
and self -sustaining manufacturing in
dustry in the land, but no such tariff-
trimmer and Pennsylvania protec
tionist as Mr. Randall, who failed to
denounce the corruption of the last
congress, can be speaker! The bomb
of the World will blow up the para
site industries, root and branch, and
prepare the way for the election of a
Democratic president. Mark that!"
Mast Be a Combination.
Brown County Banner.
The mania for publishing news
papers and periodicals is still rurning
in Texas. More , newspapers than
babies die before they are two years
old in proportion to the number that
come into the world. Of a dozen
papers started in Texas scarcely more
than one survives two years, yet
nearly every young man who can
write a ten line obit lary thinks ne
can make a successful newspaper man.
Literary qualifications and business
capacity must go hand in nana to
make a success.
The sardine, it seems, is of two, va
rieties foreign and domestic. Amer
ica produces its own sardines and has
done so for eight years. It produces
its olive oil, too, thanks to the cotton
plant. So tar as our dependence on
the effete monarchies for sardines is
concerned, we defy them. In Maine
we have a Sardinia of our own. But
there are certain minor details of our
Maine sardine business that require a
little adjustment before the industry
counts tor all it is worth. A lawsuit
in New lork has brought out
some of the facts. A firm
there contracted for a lot of "do
mestic" sardines. Meanwhile sar
dines fell. "When it came time to de
liver the goods according to contract,
the buyers found that they were all
in boxes bearing French stamps and
labels. They also found they were
put up in cotton seed oiL The price
had so fallen that their contract was
a losing one, and they summarily re
fused to accept such goods as these.
The manufacturers sued, bu1- the
courts have thrown out the cases, on
the ground that the French labels
were calculated to deceive the public.
The Maine sardine must give up its
French pretense and come hereafter
duly labelled in the best dialect of the
far down east.
The proper depth for planting po
tatoes varies with season and charac
ter of soil. In a hot, dry season, or
on sandy soil, deep planting to at least
four or five inches is best. The first
potatoes planted in spring should not
be put in so deeply, as they will be too
slow coming up, or in a wet, cold
time will fail altogether. Too shal
low planting is the fault most com
mon, as is shown by the sunburnt ap
pearance of many of the potatoes of
fered in market.
The Chinese and Egyptians reck
oned by the lives of their kings. The
Romans began with the founding of
their city, 753 B. C. The Greeks
counted the years by Olympiads of
five years each, beginnng with the
first Olympic games, in 77b B. C. The
Mohammedans reckon from the flight
of Mohammed to Medina. Savages
notch upon trees a mark for each
year as it passes.
HOME, FARMAND RANCH
Sour. To make an excellent soup
allow tour pounds ot beef to t wo and
a half quarts of water.one small onion
one carrot and a small head of celery
Let these boil for four or five hours.
1 hree-quarters of an hour before
diuner strain this soup, salt it, and
add a neaping teacuptul of macaroni
broken in bits; let this boil slowlv,
Add any other seasoning you like; for
some tastes a pinch ot curry powder
improves it.
Remedy kok a Cold. Many
deluded child has been cured of
cold by this means: Take a cud of
orown sugar and put it in a saucepan
i ....
to make candy, but instead of adding
...... - - a.- i i At
"wr m wiiicu to uissoive me sugar,
puima lime iea maue uy steepin
thoroughwort. This will impart
bitter taste, which is not unpleasant
w me cnnu alter the hrst mouthful,
ana is really a good remedv for
tickling in the throat."
Lime Water and Milk. Exneri
ence proves that this mixture is food
and medicine both to the vounir and
old, when the functions of digestion
ami assimilation are ieeuie. A stom
ach taxed by gluttony, irritated bv
improper food, mllamed by alcohol.
euieeuieu oy disease, or otherwise un
htted tor its duties, will resume its
work, it is said, and do it energeticallv
on a diet of bread and milk and lime
water; four tablespoonf uls of the lat
ter to a pint of milk.
Ham and Eggs on Toast. ChoD
fine the trimmings from cold boiled
or roasted ham. Toast and butter
slices of stale bread. Spread the ham
on tnese, and place it in the oven
aoouc tnree minutes, lieat six eggs
wim naii a cupiui oi milk, a little
pepper and one teaspoonful ot salt;put
this mixture into a saucenan. with
two tablespoonfuls of butter, and stir
over the fire until it begins to thick
en, lake on and beat lor a moment;
j.1 i i i . . . . '
uieu spreau on tne nam and toast
Serve immediately.
N ew METnoD of Making B uttkk.
in the recent description of a dairy
farm lying forty miles north of Chi
cago it is said that artificial souring
is practiced. This is a method prob
ably new to the craft. I know of no
dairyman that has yet adopted it ex
cept Mr. Brown. By thus treating
ine cream. ail destructive
processes are arrested, and its
workings are kept under Derfect con
trol. Aitnougn the cold bath tends
to raise the cream in from thirtv to
sixty minutes, the cans are suffered to
remain submerged until a short time
before the next milkina-. Thev
then set over a vat. and the milk-
drawn from under the cream. The
cream in the morning is turned into a
cream can, and the night's cream is
added to it, making a daily churning.
This can is then set in a warm place
until the next-morning, when sour
cream, taken from the cream that is
now ready to churn, is added in the
proportion of one gallon to the barrel.
Tl 11 l.m a , . . .. .
t is men leit sianamg where it will
rise to a temperature of sixtv-four
degrees, being stirred occasionally.
in about twelve hours, or by night, it
is loppered. but it is allowed to stand
twelve hours longer and then
churned.
Comparative Value of Mtt.k.
Prof. Arnold, in discussing this
question in the New York Tribune,
says:
"lhe value of milk for cheese mak
ing varies much less than for butter
making, and yet I have found by ex
act tests, when nobody thought there
was any special occasion for com
plaint, a difference of 2a per cent in
the cheese producing value of two
samples of milk of equal weight.taken
irom tne cansoi two ainerent patrons
the same day. The weight of milk,
which in one case was requred to make
100 pounds of cheese, would in the
other case make 122 pounds. Values
vary above and below this rate, while
the average of the mixed milk of the
whole delivery runs very uniform. A.
difference of 15 per cent in samples of
milk is of every day occurrence,
and is due partly to a differ
ence in breed of cows, but chietiv
to a difference in the supply
of food and drink, and to care. For
purposes of butter-making the values
of the milk from different patrons
vary very greatly. It is sometimes
two to one, and fifty per cent is quite
common uinereuce one sample re
quiring twenty pounds ol milk for
one of butter while another requires
thirty pounds. It is doubtful whether
there is a creamery of any considera
ble size in which a difference of twenty-live
per cent in butter-producing
value doe3 not exist in the every day
delivery of milk.
Experimental Farming. Most
farmers are opposed to trying "new
projects, but it is only bv varying
the conditions under which crops are
grown that we can determine which
are the best. These conditions relate
to the character of the soil, the node
of preparing it f oj the crop, the kind
and amount of fertilizers used, the
time of planting, the quantity and
quality of seed used, and the method
and amount of after cultivation, if
any. Farming, at present, is in a
transition state. The methods of
farm work pursued by our fathers are
poorly adapted to the farm imple
ments and machinery now in use. A
single example will illustrate our
meaning. When we - sowed
wheat broadcast on rough ground
with a poorly prepared seed bed, we
equired a bushel and a halt to the
acre, tor we could not depend on
more than half of it growing. But
now with our smooth fields, our im
proved plows and clod-crushers, we
are able to make such a seed bed as
that,' when we put good seed into it
with a drill, we may depend on the
sprouting of nearly every grain,
How much seed is proper to be
used? This important question can
be answered only by careful experi
ments, often repeated under varying
circumstances, and the results com
pared. In this manner general rules
may be established that an enlighten-;
ed common sense can apply un
der the varying circumstances that
may occur on the farm. But our
present purpose is to settle another
question. It is a general opinion
among farmers that the imperfect
grains at the end of an ear of corn
should be rejected in planting. Is
this opinion founded on experiment,
or is it merely a whim a gray headed
superstition'!' Now, how many of
our readers will help us to settle this
question ( Let us plant one row or
corn with seed from each end of the
ears, and one row from the perfect
grains of the middle, and give to all
the same cultivation. When the crop
is ripe, let us not guess at the result,
but weigh carefully the product of
each row and report the weights to
the Indiana Farmer.
It was at the Academy of Music, in
Philadelphia, one of the largest places
of amusement in the country. The
house was crowded from pit to dome.
Ladies went early and sat on the floor
in the aisles. The curtain arose and a
chorus of a hundred people crowded
the stage. A little woman m pleas
ant costume appeared. She opened
her mouth and the song rippled and
flowed and thrilled and burst in
perfection upon the ear. Storms
of applause followed each appear
ance and again a d again did she
repeat and bow and smile, but the au
dience was never satisfied. With
nerves distraught she was followed
through every gesture and intonation.
At last the curtain fell for the conclu
sion. We have often been annoyed
by people leaving just before .the per
formance closed. Not so here. The
audience sat transfixed and three
times was the little woman called be
fore the curtain before they unwil
lingly left. It was Patti.
Miss Frances E. Williard is lectur
ing in San Francisco, and she pro
poses to carry the temperance banner
all along the Pacific coast.
Darwin asserted that monkeys flush
when angered, and the observations
of younger naturalists confirm him.
THE COURTS.
The Supreme Court.
synopsis ok opinions rendered.
fUt'itortvd ly J. J. I.aiie.
Important decision by Chief Jus
tice Y lllie:
xexas i'acuic railway company vs.
A. F. McAllister; appeal from Harri
son county. Action for damages for
injuries as a passenger, caused, it is
alleged, by unsoundness of the track
and carelessness of employes of the
company. Answer of general denial.
ana mat tne accident was caused by
me action oi cold weather iinon
me iron rails, such as could not
be foreseen. Plea in abatement that
at the time of trial of the cause in the
district court, the same suit was pend
ingin the United States court at
Jefferson. Texas, was over-ruled anil
stricken out, as was idso subsequent
application for removal to United
States circuit court, eastern district
ot lexas. The trial resulted m a ver.
diet and judgment for annelleo of
$8000, from which the railway com
pany appealed.
i eiiuou ior removal was L;iscl on
article b40 United States revised stat
utes. The application stated that ap
pellant was not a banking
urn, a railroad corporation
incorporated by virtue of certain
acts ot congress, "to incorporate the
lexas and Pacilic railway company,'
etc.; and further, that the conipa
ny uau a ueiense by virtue ot a
United States law, viz.. the said act of
incorporation. The petition was not
verified by oath, but was accompanied
by sufficient bond. The court is ask-ed
to revise the action of the lower court
in refusing application of removal.
Kelernng to the special reuuire-
ments tor removal cited in the above
section Justice Willie says; "As the
petition in this case states in general
terms me two iacts upon which
removal may be had it becomes
necessary to inquire whether such a
general statement as to the nature of
the delenso is sufficient. Prelimi
nary to a consideration of the suffici
ency of the petition in this respect is
the question whether or not the judge
below had the power to inauire into
sucu sumciency and reiuse the appli
cation." "We are referred
to no case in which the exact pro
portion taken by the appellant
has been endorsed by the supreme
court of the United States."
Citing various United States eases
these decisions, savs Jude-e Willie, all
leave a discretion with the state
court to at least pass upon the suffi
ciency of the case made by the pe
tition. They do not require that it
shall surrender its jurisdiction until
petition complying with the pro
visions of the statute is presented to
the court. On this question he cites
Insurance company vs. Peehner, 95
U. S., 185, and other authorities, to
show that the state court is hot
powerless to examine into the
grounds of removal so far at least as
to. pass upon their sufficiency as they
appear upon the face of the petition.
We think, savs Judge Willie, that
in view of the language of the stat
ute on the subject of removal and of
the decision of the United States su
preme court there can be no doubt
of the power of the State court to
pass on the sufficiency of the petition
for the removal of the cause.
The remaining question is: Did the
court below in passing upon this peti
tion correctly hold that it was insuf
cient and refuse to remove the cause ?
Atter reviewing at length the ob
jections raised, Judge Willie, as the
organ oi the court, further says:
These considerations, together with
the authonties cited, lead us to the
conclusion that the mere statement in
an application for a removal, that the
corporation chartered by United States
laws has a defense under its act of in
corporation's insuflicientwhen neither
the said act nor any of the papers or
proceedings in the cause show that
such defense exists or can possibly
arise upon the trial is not suffi
cient to entitle the applicant to,
a removal. The court did
not err in refusing the motion to vgr
move the cause to the federal court.
After disposing of various assign
ments of error, some of which are not
considered for want of bills of excep
tions, and deciding that the plea in
abatement comes too late if the suit
in the United States court was com
menced before appellant filed its pleas
in this cause to the merits, and if af
terwards the grounds set forth in the
plea were not sufficient to abate this
notion, Judge Willie decides that
there is no error in the judgment,
which is consequently affirmed.
THE COURTS.
Supreme Court.
Hon. A. H. Willie, chief justice; Hons. .1. W,
rttaytun, C. . West, associates; C. S. Morse,
clerk.
The following business was trans
acted yesterday : i
L. L. Shull vs. Ivaufmari & llunge;
dismissed for want of prosecution.
L.T.Davis vs. G. T. Herron; mo
tion to dismiss granted.
M. S. Brown vs. McDannell & Co.;
motion to dismiss granted; for cer
tiorari overruled.
T. J. Newman vs. B. F. & M. R.
Dodson; motion for certiorari granted
returnable instanter. Same vs. same;
motion to strike out portion of the
transcript overruled.
A. Langbein vs. Jos. Huttey et al;
cause dismissed subject to right to
appellant to perfect transcript.
A. B. Johnson vs. Skipcouth; mo
tion to dismiss overruled. Same vs.
same; time allowed to perfect record.
Ex parte Bellamy; motion to dis
miss granted.
Minty Greer et al vs. R. B. C.
Howell; first paper mentioned in mo
tion to dismiss struck from transcript.
W, Holmes et al vs. J.T. Anderson;
motion to dismiss overruled.
G., II. & S. A. railway company vs.
H. Schuehle et al: motion to dismiss
submitted.
Wiley Williams vs. county of San
Saba; similar motion overruled.
Loving vs. Milliken; appellant's
counsel allowed to argue.
Prater vs.Daugherty; motion made
to strike out briefs.
W. Williams vs. county of San Saba;
motion to suppress appellant's briefs
granted, to strike out appellant's as
signment of errrors overruled.
Submitted or set as follows: Waho
mond vs. Merrett; Cage vs. Mefford;
Teague vs. Rogan; Grant vs. Sim
mons; Sott vs. Hatfield; Murphy vs.
Saragosa Irrigation company; Wells
vs. Settlefield; Kellogg & Co. vs.
White; Kaulbach vs. Horrell; Sarter
vs. Bolinger; Schultz vs. Sompert, ad
ministrator; La Gierre & Co. vs.
Moore; Eflinger vs. Cates; Davenport
vs. Miller Bros.; Williams vs. Rogan;
Catulla vs. Laxson; Rippetoe. vs.
Dwyer; Blanc vs. Neelson; Perttins
vs. Miller & Sayers; Keyser vs. Mur
bach; Day, administrator, vs. Cross.
Court of Appeals?
Hon. John P. White, presiding Judge, and
Hons. Sam. A. Willson and J. II. Hurt asso
ciate judges; James L. White, clerk.
T. & P. R'y Co. vs. Sinai F. Morse;
from Lamar county. Refusal to ship
goods until freight was prepaid.
Goods destroyed in the railroad ware
house, while" waiting for appellee's
agent to write to his principal. Judg
ment was given for 852(5 25 for appel
lee. Issue was made on appellant's
liability as a common carrier, but
subsequently joined on liability as
warehouseman Held, That there is a
material difference between the two,
and that the former is responsible for
all losses of goods entrusted to him
except such as are caused by act of
God or public enemy. As warehouse
men, under our statute, railroad com
panies are by the fact of having de
pots or warehouses, warehousemen.
In this case, while proof showed total
loss of the goods, it also showed that
appellant accounted for them when
demanded, by showing that they had
been destroyed by fire. The evidence
fails to support the verdict. Reversed
and remanded. Willson J,
Wm. Steples vs. state Held, That
in answer to a charge of false impris
onment, thedefendant, in mitigation
of punishment is entitled to show
that he arrested the party because he
had reason to believe and didjbelieve
him to be guilty of Jsome crime
a?ain.t the law, and to show in nup
port of the fact, if such latt exists,
that legal) proceedings had been
instituted against the party
and nature of same.
It was no justification that defend
ant was iu company and actedjin con
cert with an officer of the law. Those
aiding an officer trespassing are
trespassers. They aid him at their
peril and are bound to know whether
the officer acts under a legal and valid
warrant The court erred in exclud
ing evidence. Reversal and remanded.
White, P.J.
James Williams VS. stat.nr onn nf
homicide. Because of the error of
the court in rejecting proposed testi
mony to prove the general character
of deceased, and because of the fur
ther error specified in the charge of
the court, judgment is reversed and
cause remanded. Willson, J.
Andrew Graves vs. state; convic
tion being supported bv the evidenc e.
judgment is affirmed. Wil son, J
u raves was convicted of murder in
the second degree.
Motion granted: h. GufTcv vs.
slate and Granville Goodin vs. state.
tor certiorari.
Dismissed: J. R.McCoiiph vs. state-
lUnce Tellers vs. state tin two cases;
Pickett etal vs. state: W. F.White
VS. State: .lames Aine.mvort.h v at at a-
P. G. Thurmond vs. state: Hobson vs.'
state, and (for want of prosecution)
A. l. .rwin vs. city of Austin.
overruled: Appeal in liuf Holland
vs. state, and motion to dismiss in
Alex. Dutton vs. J. E. Norton.
New Orleans insurance association.
of Xew Orleans vs. J. II. Robertson.
Affirmed on certificate.
2o8. John Bentv et al vs. AfnRea-
appeal from Ellis county. Opinion by
Judge Willson. Disposition reversed
and remanded.
2611. F. W. Bohamon vs. state; a
peal from Austin county. Opinion
by Willson. J. Disoosition ailirmed.
Jt)3U. W. B. Cate & Co. vs. Ilenrv
Reushard; appeal from Wise county.
ao written opinion. Disposition at'-
liinied.
2553. Texas Pacific railway com
pany vs. Norton: appeal from llidlas.
county. Reversed and remanded.
Opinion by Hurt, J.
2675. G. A. Manes vs. stater anneal
from Live Oak county. Reversed
and remanded, opinion by Hurt. J?
Jack Fadlock vs. state: anneal
from Cooke county. Motion to rein
state and for certiorari granted full
and complete.
Texas Pacific railway cownanv vs.
M. M. Miller; appeal from Dallas.
county. No written opinion. Af
hrmed.
Jerome Harris vs. B. S. Hammond -
from Lamar county. No written
opinion. Affirmed.
wm. btaples vs. State; from Wise
county. Reversed and remanded
White, J.
SUBMITTED MOTIONS.
White vs. the state of Texas: mo
tion to dismiss. Submitted.
Till us vs. the state of Texas: mo
tion to dismiss submitted.
Ains worth vs. the state of Texas:
motion to dismiss submitted.
Dunn. Murry & Jesson vs. Wood
ward; motions to dismiss, etc.. sub
mitted on oral argument, and bv
agreement appellant is allowed
twenty days to prepare and file new
briefs.
Lee vs. Wilson & Dunman: motion
to dismiss submitted on oral argu-
ment, and by agreement appellant's
counsel is allowed twenty days to-
prepare and file new briefs.
1'iokett et al vs. the state of Texas:
motion to dismiss submitted.
S. Benavides vs. the state of Texas:
set for next AVednesday.
Mctiaugh x Alexander vs. the
state; motion to dismiss submitted.
Guffy vs. the state of Texas;
motion to dismiss submitted.
Thurmond vs. the State of Texas;
motion to dismiss. Submitted.
Holland vs. the state of Texas; mo
tion to dismiss. Submitted.
Goodwin et al vs. the state of
Texas; motion for certiorari. Sub
mitted. J. T. Hobson, alias J. T. Hobson, vs.
the state of Texas; motion to dis
miss. Submitted on oral argument.
Dutton vs. Norton; motion to dis
miss. Submitted, and counter-motion,
submitted on argument tor appellee-.
Hart vs. the suite of Texas. Set for
hearing. June 6th.
W. H. McLaughlin, joined by hi
wife, sued Harry Baun to recover $t&
damages claimed on account -of a
horse bought by them from defend
ant, proving unsound and dying four
days after the purchase inconse
quence, it is alleged, of being diseased,
contrary to 'defendant's representa
tions. Tried bv jury. R. II. Brum
by for plaintiff and II. Bamhart for-'
defendant. The jury gave a verdict
for defendant.
D. 1 . McCoy, charged with ped
dling vithout license, was- sentences
to par fine and costs amounting to
811.40: DocV. Warding, using obscene lan
guage, lined $1 and costs.
John Douglas, drunk; $5 and costs.
John Kelley, drunkness; dismissed.
D. Camela, beating his wife; $10
and costs.
"Robertson," colored, for assaulting;
a little negro boy; $10 and costSw
Martin Townsend, for obstructing;
the streets;, taken under advisement.
This is the case where the charge is
for having built a house (the old hos
pital) about nine or ten ieet into the
alley. Mr. Townsend claims that he
has acquired title to that portion o
the alley on which his house rests, by
virtue of having held it undisputed
for over ten years. It will be inter
esting. The City Park.
About nine years ago Gov. E. M.
Pease deeded twenty-four acres of
land to the city of Austin, to be used
as a park. The land lies just west of
Shoal creek, beginning near College
avenue and extending up the creek to
Silver springs, and from the bed of
the creek to the road upon the hill,
a distance of about three
hundred yards. The grounds are
diversified as to topography, there
being table lands, or plateaus, with
just enough of the rugged to make it
picturesque. The grounds are cov
ered with a luxuriant growth of
hardy timber. The trees in the park
embrace cedar, white ash, hackoerry,
elm, post oak, live oak and some mes
quite. There is a broad, open natural
courtyard like level plateau near
the center of the grounds,
that seems designed by nature's
architect for a fountain
Beginning about three hundred yards
below SUver Springs a pond or long
lake extends up to the falls just below
the springs. This lake has an average
depth of about four feet of clear .
spring water in it all the time, as the
springs feeding it are perennial
There are several holes in the lake
five feet deep.
One would naturally suppose thai
tho city would have been very
grateful for such a munificent .
gift, and that a fence would have
been put around it in less than nine
years, and that by this time some im
provements in the way of trimming
and clearing would have been made.
People everywhere else except here
would have expected this, and it
would have been done in any. other
city in the world except Austin. But
it has never been done here. Although
81200 or $1500 would fence the park
and trim the trees, and clean off the
ground where needed, and put in a
five foot urn at the lower end of the
lake, and make s magnificent fish
pond; still, as yet, nothing of the kind
has been attempted. The only use
made of it by the city, so far, has
been to allow scavengers to haul
trash and dump it there in the day
time, and allow th4 night carts to haul
the offal from privies and dump it on
the grounds. It is as well for the
Statesman to explain to inquiring
strangers that this idea of the use to
which a park should be put is not
consonant with that entertained by
the majority of our citizens. The
people of Austin love adornment, and
are not sparing of time and
money in beautifying their homes;
but the city authorities do not seem
to have been stricken with the com
plaint to any great degree, as fara.
public works are concerneor in
Pease park should be fenced and kept
in order at once.
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