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THE STATESMAN. AUSTIJf, TEXAS. HOW THE SCHOOL FUND IS DEPLETED. Again the permanent school fund is being depreciated by the runious in vestment in bonds at a great discount. It has been announced in our depart ment notes that the stite treasurer has bought $10,000 of frontier bonds at 1.22, and that $1,000,00 J is to be in vested in high premium securities The transaction of last year, whereby the school fund was made to lose 8450,000 by such investment, was sufficiently condemned by the people of the state to lead officers, especially regarding the public funded interests, to enter into no more such transac tions; but instead of popular protest being regarded, again the governor and treasu?e engage in a similar financial transaction. It will be re membered that one of the declara tions against the Roberts ad ministration by Judge Ireland, when he became a candidate, was because $1,414,000 in cash had been used to invest in $1,000,000 worth of state bonds. Denunciation of this transaction was one of the heavy arguments of the gubernatorial candi date; but to be governor is a very dif ferent thing from being aspirant. If there be not in such a course the It must ue mainpernor, auu in&.iu& either proposition as true, the condi tion is pittiabie. Last year the school fund was deprived of nearly a half million dollars, and now the process, it is announced, is to be repeated. In 1882 and in 1883, then, the school fund is to be diminished by nearly one mil lion dollars. At this rate it will take but eighty years, at tie outside, to take away from the children of Texas the last vestige of the grandest inheritance ever left for the education of the young people ""of any country on the glohj?. What is the use of a boasted school land reservation, if so fast as the lands are sold the money derived there from is to be invested so as to reduce every thousand dollars to a little more than five hundred dollars? Thegub ernatorial candidate, as stated, made an issue on this very noint: but the candidate. changed into the chief executive officer, does that very thing which by his condemnation he pledged the peo ple should not be done during his ad ministration. Probably he has been over-persuaded by the state custodian of public funds, who may desire his act of 1882 to have the endorsement of two Democratic governors. Should Democratic officers go on in this man- . .target Davis being dead, the rule of Democracy vnay be made short in Texas. But the uglieat feature of this transaction, now mqder course of execution, as is announced, is that in a very few days the peopl are to vote upon a proposition, amendatory of the state constitution, authorizing the investment of the permanent school fund in theaeT other securities than which are bought through ruinjftis in roads thereupon. Thi- state treas urer made his -defense inthe last capvuss as to the transaction by by nearly a half million dollars, by figuring that between the purchase of bonds and the interest, running through a great many years, the state had been saved money. In answer to this argument it may be asserted, that no one knows how low state and federal securities may fall in the next fifteen or twenty years, or before these bonds become due. But it is not a question affecting the state proper. The constitution has given the permanent school fund a sepa rate and distinct existence from state revenue. "The one is for the children o Texas; the other for the people of Texas in their political capacity as a governing body. The one is a "sacred fund," so-called by candidates at least, provided by the fathers, in their wisdom, to cieate a perpetual fund, upon which every boy and girl in Texas may draw for his or her education ; the other the annual contributions from individual property, to be used in maintaining the state government and its neces sary machinery. One has nothing to do with the other, has no dependence upon the other, incurs no indebtedness to the other, and yet the school fund is made to contribute to the liquida tion of debt incurred in maintaining state government. The constitu tion provides the manner of investing the school fund but nowhere in that document is it provided that state officers, entrusted with its care, shall recklessly squan der it, at any given time, in the pur chase of high-priced securities. Es pecially is this present determination to spend another million dollars in such securities wrong, even offensive to the people of Texas, when these very people are asked to vote on the 14th of August on a proposition whereby it is contemplated that this ruinous waste of the school fund shall be avoided. . OYER PROD.UCTIO.V A question intimately .connected with tariff taxation is owr produc tion. Our so-called ''infant indus tries" are producing more than they can dispose of. The Xew York Her ald treats this subject understand ing! y and ably. It says: It must be obvious that the policy ot alternately running mills on their fullest capacity and shutting them 'down is at best a spasmodic and un aatifactory method of carrying on industrial operations. The high (profits made during a prosperous pe riod are swallowed up in the reaction that follows,. and serious loss is laid upon both manufacturers and work men. The closing of mills means millions of capital lying -idle, costly and valuable plant deteriorating and thousands of workers thrown out of employment. What the consumers jrain through the low prices will not JSegin to make up for the losses entail ed, and the aggregate wealth of the country, so far from being increased, lis wasted by such a process. What, then, is the rtniedy? Ob viously the opening of new markets for the surplus, which cannot be con sumed here. Almost at our doors exist' markets which only our own iolly and stcnidity have prevented us from monopolizing; and, already large, they stand prepared to take our surplus cotton, woolen and glass manufactures, our iron and steel, raw and wrought, our leather and paper. A possible market of $250,OU0,000 exists in South America, but at present we occupy only one-tenth of it. The West Indies import more than $115,000,000, but they take onlj $31,000,000 from this country. Canada -obtains only on-third of what she wants from us, and the same propor- tion holds In Mexico and the Central American states. On this continent, then, in the aggregate lies open to us a market for our manufacturers of at least $500,000,000. In no instance, save perhaps that of Canada, are any of the nations included in this survey manufacturing nations, and therefore they would not compete with our domestic indus tries. They will take our manufac tured products if only we will take from them their raw materials. This our tariff forbids. We refuse the cheap raw materials which would enable us, through low cost of pro duction, to monopolize these markets, and we make no attempt to secure that extension of the sale of our com modities which would enable our manufacturers to run to their fullest capacity the year round. AVas ever a commercial policy more narrow or suicidal ? . Of course the effect of over produc tion is the stoppage of factories and shops and mills. Wages are reduced or cut off, and financial distress over takes vast bodies of woaking people, while the most serious social disturb ances result therefrom. But. it is the intimate connection between the tariff and production to which The Statesman especially calls at tention. It is stated aad conclusively demo strated that the. Republican high protective taxation on raw ma terials deprives American manufac turers of markets worth $500,000,000 annually. These markets of right belong to them, and were it not for outrageous protection they would be commanded by the manufacturers of this country, and over production would be uuite an impossibility. The New York Sun says Jay Gould is now the most determined adversary of the striking operators lie told the Evening Post reporter: "We do not proDose to recognize any 'committee of the brotherhood, and if the employes of the company persist in their present action they will not get a cent. They have already made fools of themselves, and they will re alize it I efore long." He said the same in substance to the Advertiser reporter. To the Graphic fce said "The operators are a hot-headed lot of fools, who did not look ahead and see the consequences of their rash ness, and they will be made to suffer.'' Cyrus W. Field and other directors of the Western Union are not less em phatic in their expressions. Thinking people, says the Balti more Herald, are beginning to attrib ute the general dissatisfaction among the working classes, as well as the re cent simultaneous strikes, to the in fluence of some central power. As each succeeding corps of strikers, rep resenting all classes of working peo ple, boastfully announce their mem bership in the Knights of Labor, it is fair to presume that the center of dis content might be unearthed in the vi cinity of the leaders of that organi zation. It has been demonstrated that a tax of thirty cents on the hundred dollars of valuation is enough to pay the expenses of the government, run high pressure style, and to pay for scnwois, wnere economy is rracweea, five y srxTDonths m each year. Why, nen aro tne people asked to warrant poses,, when there is enough sur plus money now in the state vaults to pay all the expenses of the state and the schools for one year. To change a constitution by means of a special election should be pro hibited. At the last election held to vote on proposed constitutional amendments, not more than one' third of the voters of the state went to the polls, and so it will be at the August election. How absurd it is to have one-third of the people de cide questions that should be submit ted only when the fullest popular ex pression may be obtained. Beyond much of a doubt Asiatic cholera has made its, appearance at London. It will be remembered that ten days ago a case was reported there on a ship which had come through the Suez canal, and now the story is repeated but denied. With constant communication between England and the infected districts, if it has not already been brought to England, it will soon be there, Tnen it is but a step to America. Enterprising Yankees, of Xew England, have- been carrying on a slave trade between the Southern states and Cuba ever since the war. The Xew Englanders imported Afri cans into this country and sold them to the Southern slave-owners; and Xew Englanders were the first to ex press hprror at the institution which they had established and by which they grew rich. The ostrich farm near Costa, Los Angeles county, Cal., is attracting crowds of curious visitors. The ex. periments thus far have been success ful. The birds are in fine condition and have already been plucked of - 700 worth of feathers. It is stated that 125 ostriches are soon to be shipped from Buenos Ayres to Xew Orleans, j. i a . i. . ... to ue aistrioutea tnrougn me ooutn ern states and territories. The United States is now the larg est holder of gold in the world. 1 has $198,000,000 in bank. The next largest gold owner is the Bank of France, whose latest report shows in the vaults $193,375,000. So the United States has. in excess of the Bank of France gold to the amount of $4,625, 000. It happens at the same time that our credit in the money markets is higher than that of England. Touching the order issued by the acting president of the Western Union that messages are to be taken " subject to delay and to mailing en route if necessary," it is questioned whether the company has any right to impose such a condition, and if it can exempt itself from legal liability by so doing. It is suggested that the American riflemen might now come home and wage war against the English spar rows. In the death of Montgomery Blair another prominent figure in the politi cal history is removed. Gird up your loins for a fight on the 14th of August against unneces sary and oppressive tax Hion. Tinkering with dangerous thing. constitutions is a The sweet girl graduate who was discoursing on the young man of the period, thus summed him up: "If drinking, gambling, base ball playing and deriding religion could be washed out. I think I coold say the young men of the present day are just splendid." Tiie Arapahoes and Cheyennes , have lately leased the western portion of the Indian Territory for grazing purposes, and it is predicted the trans action will revolutionize the entire Indian question. The rental is nearly $63,030, payable semi-annually i nat- tle and money. The first payment was made a few days ago at the agency, every man, woman ana child in the tribes named receiving five sil ver dollars. In connection with this lease the Indians have started in the cattle business themselves, having just taken the initial step. They have some 800 head of cattle, cows and heifers, with twenty-live blooded bulls, on the range north of the Cheyenne agency. The pasture embraces the Clear creek and King fisher valleys, which is claimed to be one of the finest grazing regions of the world. The United States gov ernment will aid the Indians in their enterprise, the Interior Department having consented to invest as much in cattle as the Indians themselves, and turn them into the common herd. For this purpose congress will at the next session be asked to appropriate $50,000 or $100,000. With the number of cattle now in their possession, and with the number to be contributed by the government and the lessees of the grazing lands, the Indians calculate that at the end of ten years, when the grass lease expires, their herd will be worth $300,000. This will be a practical solution of the Indian question, so far as the Arapa hoes and Cheyennes are concerned, as it will make these tribes self-supporting. The cattle now on the range are in good condition. The herd is under the management of an experienced white man, the employes being prin cipally Indians. The enterpiise is warmly indorsed by Secretary Teller Commissioner of Indian Affairs Price, United States Agent Hunt, and oth ers, all of whom unite in pronouncing it a great strike in placing the tribes kn a self-sustaining basis. Now that Dorsey has broken the ice, the dispocition is to crowd the martyred President. A Washington correspondent says: When he came to Washington, a few days before his inauguration, he I was as cloudy about his cabinet as he was a week atter his election. When ..e got here, those who were with him will remember what a siege he had of it. His promises, like notes falling due on a day certain, were presented to him for tulhllment trom all sides. He seemed hardly to know what way to turn. But there was one man whose counsels he sought and upon whom he seemed to lean, and that was Senator Dorsey. Garfield received the plain est kind of talk from him, and seem ed to like it, and he often protested that the could trust Dorsey through and through. Two days before he was inaugurated, Gar field told Dorsey that he saw no open ing for New York except the appoint ment of Mr. James. He excused himself by saying that other Xew Yorkers whom he preferred had de clined places in the cabinet, and he could not accept Mr. Conkling's view that Xew York ought to have the chief place or none. He also said that he had determined to appoint Mr. MacVeaga-attornev-geoeiALv though he deeply regretted that such appoint ment would be displeasing to Dorsey. As he expressed it, he would make the appointment, and after he was in augurated he would have time to turn around and see what would be best. EDITORIAL NOTES. English journals are speculating over tne amount ot energy and pbys ical forces which would be displayed in case the plan of M. de Lesseps to flood the Desert of Sahara was not carried out. The flow of water would probably be long enough to run all the mills of Xew England for several years. Few monuments are better deserved than the one proposed to be erected by Mr. Corcoran to the memory of Major Li inrant, the rench engineer who laid out the City of Washington. For two generations his plan was the subject of endless ridicule and jeers, but now that the city is growing up to it, it is realized that Washington is one of the best designed cities in the world. The plan has been described as "the city of Philadelphia griddled across the city of Versailles." The Capitol and tho Executive Mansion are taken as central points from which a series of broad avenues extending to the outer circumference of the city. Intersecting there avenues are streets laid out at right angles. At the points of intersection are irregularly shaped plots which have been set apart as public squares, and in which are the various monuments and statues. A generation which is beginning to per ceive the success of Major L'Enfant should honor his name. The Occidental Harmonic tion. Associa- To the Editor of the Statesman. The fifth annual session of this mu sical association commenced the 12th, 13th and 14th inst., at Shady Grove Church, Burnet county. The session was one of much inter est, harmonious and instructive. This association was organized in the town of Burnet in June, 1878, with some fifty odd members, and with Rev. J. A. Abey as its first president. We have for officers as follows: presi dent, vice-president, recording secre tary, corresponding secretary and treasurer, who are elected annually, and who hold their office one year, or until their successors are elected. Litf praise Tne object of tbe association is to tne standard ot music bv all laudable means, believing that music is essential and a branch of public worship in our churches, then the ele vation of the character, a more thor ough knowledge of its principles and culture among the massess of the people is its highest aim. Applicants to teach the science of music are examined by a board of competent musicians, and if found competent a certificate is granted ac cording to the proficency, a good moral character being the first se quent. The membership is now some 400, scattered over the folio Aing coun ties: Burnet, Lampasas, Llano, and Mason. The officers elected last ses sion are: J. A. Abey, president, Lam- Easaa, Tex.; J. H. Hill, vice-president, .acy, Burnet county; J. D. Burleson, recording secre ary. Smith wick's Mills; I, J. M. Smith, corresponding secretary, Burnet; A. Tobey, treas urer. Lacy, Tex. Yours very truly, J. M. Smith. Burnet, Tex,, July 23, 1883. Differential Fares. Xew York, July 26. The joint executive committee of trunk lines to-day awarded differential fares on first-class passenger business over the new Baltimore and Ohio via the Xew York Central or Erie and Grand Trunk line, connecting at Xiagara. The rate fixed was $18.50. Differen tials were also fixed between Buffalo and Chicago, and Cincinnati and St. Louis, at the request of the Lake Erie and Western road. Eegular dif ferential fares westward from Buffalo were awarded to this line after con siderable opposition on the part of the trunk lines. It was decided to estab lish a rule that hejeafter second class passengers be restricted to smoking cars and not be afforded the same facilities as first-class passen gers. Direct From Factories. The latest and most brilliant de sign of linen jupe curtains, linen able cloths, covers, towels, napkins, laces and gloves at Max. Paul's. je29-tf OX THE ROAD. Tilings Seen, Heard and Suggested by a Hide through Texas. C Regular CorresjHmilence. ON THE I. & O. K. t VARIOUS DATES. J To say that railroad traveling in summer is hot, dusty and disagreeable and "just perfectly awful," as the dear ladies say, and " Iras the men all say, would onlv be repeating what is already known. But many things, both interesting, instructive and val uable, are observed by the reflecting traveler. There's the drummer, who is never satisfied with anything, per son, place, train, country or even him self. He advertises the fact that he has never been accustomed to be treated as if he amounted to any thing, by continually growling at ev erything with which he comes in con tact. He shows that he never had anything in his life, by repeat edly remarking on how miserably everything is managed around him. He finds fault with everything at a hotel or eating house and orders waiters around with a loud voice, and even insults the landlord, remarking that he "generally pays for what he gets and wants it brought to him" as if people were not in the habit of pay ing for what they got and even more, too. And, I am glad to say, these growling, f ussy.f ault-finding travelers generally get the worst of everything to be had; because, common sense and decency would teach them that if any thing goes amiss, it is their privilege and duty to call attention to it, but in the tone and manner of a gentlemen; and, in nine case out of ten, they will find landlords, waiters and railroad men willing and anxious to rectify any error or amend mismanagement, if they courteously request it. This is verified by the treatment accorded the good natured traveler. He is always jolly. If the train is delayed he sets his fellow passengers in a roar by humerous remarks con cerning the matter. If the hotel fare is not such as it should be at $2.50 and $3 per day, he jocularly calls the man ager's attention to the matter, and is henceiorth treated like a lord. Should the waiters prove careless, he never curses them and tells of how they would "fire" such waiters where he came from ; no, but he winks at the head waiter and slips a cigar into the hands of the boy at his table, making a facetious remark about his tortoise disposition, and straightway that waiter brings the good natured trav eler the best in the house, and almost breaks his neck doing it, too. The good natured traveler is never "run over;" he has a great deal to make him swear and he does it, too, some times, but it is all to himself. He knows that to storm out at imposi tions does not remedy an evil, while itmakes him enemies and he and all around are uncomfortable. So he swears internally, presents a smil ing face to the world, makes friends, is welcomed everywhere, hotel land lords carry in his valise themselves and greet him loudly, he is always w lcomed where he is known, and has a crown of righteousness laid up for his noble brow to glisten on his fore head in the golden sheen of the bliss ful hereafter, and is the very man you never regret meeting. Xewspaper men are generally good natured men. They can't help it; their holy calling and a desire for the fat things of life make them so. freight matters. While in Austin a few day3 ago i saw a lot of brown stone jugs, crocks, etc., being brought in by the carload, and ascertained that they came from Wisconsin. Knowing that a brown stoneware factory in Arkansas makes as fine ware as any similar factory in the world, I thought it strange that we should buy from Wisconsin; but did not understand the enigma. I found out the reason to-day.- I met on the train Mr. T. A. Harvey, of Benton, Saline county, Ark., who is one of a firm which manufactures those jugs, etc., in that state. In con versation with him I found lhat he had to pay $80 per car from Benton, Ark., to Taylor, Tex., on his goods, while it only costs about $65 from Wisconsin, Ohio, Iowa and other points, for a carload of the same goods to Austin. Xow, of course, the unthinking will cry out about the vblood-sucklng railroad monopolies," "great swindles," etc. I am of the opinion, after careful inquiry and ma ture reflection, that the whole thing is managed in strict accordance with the rules and principles of modern business equity. There are several competing railway lines in the states mentioned; while "there are none from Arkansas to Texas just yet there will be soon. Of course, this makes a difference a very great difference. These manufacturers get the benefit of this competition to Texas. the remedy Seems plam enough to the sagacious business man. A long pull is of little more consequence to a railway that, a short pull, hence, figures could be ob tained on circuitous lines; then ask for a ''cut under" from a more direct line. It will take work and good business men to do this, as railway men are all wide awake; but it can be done. It is done by our Xorthern brethren, and it is high time that we of the Souta were arousing ourselves to more energetic measures of com pelling recognition of our worth and shrewdness for we have native shrewdness, which commands the ad miration of the world in all matters except diplomatic operations. We seem to have a kind of false aristo cratic sensitiveness about going to a company and urging them to show us the same favors, or make the same concessions to us which theygrant to our driving neighbors of the Xorth and East. I say, as a class, we of the South do not do this; but are content to cry loudly about "high freight rates, unjust discriminations, etc." If I may be pardoned the seeming pre sumption in making the suggestion, we will never induce railway men to give us better freight rates by bitterly bewailing the fact in wrathful com plaints. We must" arise and show the railway managers that it will be mutually beneficial to give better rates. Show them that by so doing they will enable and energize us to work up an ext ensive trade and en large our industries, thus giving them a larger freight traffic; that unless they make these concessions we can not do so. Put it to them IN A BUSINESS WAT. Argue that it they now haul a car into Texas on which the freight charges are $65, to be divided between two or three connecting lines, it we e much better to take that same car from a point on their own lines to an other point on their lines at S4U or $50, as they would get the whole of their freight charges and hav only the same haul to make as they do now, taking a car from connecting lines and tnen only receiving Hfdu or $35 after the freight was pro rated on the mileage schedule. Railway men are alive to their own interests, and will see a point very quickly when mrtde in a business manner. If we were to devote half the time in thus trying to make railways see that we meant business that we' now waste in futile abuse, we would soon accom plish our purpose. As a matter of fact, again, freights are lower now fthan ever; and are gradually regu lating themselves, though the right exercise of a little diplomacy would hasten the freight millenium", as it were. To some extent the great cry against' " discriminations," "exorbi tant charges," ''grinding monopolies," etc., are founded more on the pro pensity of human nature to fa ultima and an antipathy too see otheis prosper than any real harm the rail roads are doing the country. crops and immigration. Recent rains have fallen all along the country adjacent to the Interna tion and Texas and Pacific railways, and good crops are assured. At and around Rockdale, in Milam county, j the crops are larger than ever known before, and, of -course, people are happy. Many new farms are being opened up by new comeis, as we Texans call immigrants, TJjs same state of things exists all the way to 3iarsnau, Harrison county, whicn is a line county between Texas and Lou isiana. If any one thinks that THE PINE LANDS ARE BEING CUT AWAY, he only has to ride a few miles off a railroad to dispel all such fears. You can ride along a sandy, hot, dusty road thirty miles without seeing a house, except some rude cabins, built of unbarked saplings, erected by hun ters or sojourners. And, in all that region, there are no signs which indi cate that the echoes of a white man's footfall have ever broken the monot onous sough of the talhstraight pines, or that the ax of the woodman has ever disturbed the "Chirp-will-to-wit-to" of the whippoorwill. The un broken pine forests seemed to me, as I rode through them, along the mile after mile of this almost endless stretch, to be mourning over the des olation that appears to have settled on that region. Their sighing never ceases; its requiem tone so impresses you that your ears roar with it for hours after you leave it. But, deso late as it seems, GREAT FORTUNES are to be made soon from those very pines. They await the mill man and speculators are buying them up as rapidly aj possible large tracts of obscure pine lands selling for fifty cents per acre; any of. them away from railroads twenty to twenty-live miles can be had for from one to two dollars per acre. . Xo, the pine lands of Texas are in no immediate danger of giving out, still it would be wise in the legislature to pass a law which would discourage the destruction of the numerous growth of young sap lings which are covering that portion of the country from which the timber has already been cut. Its wanton des truction is both unnecessary and bale ful, and should be stopped. In all this country new settlers are flocking in and new mills opening up the for ests and preparing the land for the plow. SCIENTIFIC A'OTES. The Munich Academy of Art has among its 468 students thirty-four Americans. Lime water, with a small quantity of acetic acid, is said to make a good ink-eraser. Geology is said to be the most pop ular department of science in Spain. The mining exhibition at Madrid is a great success. Prof. C. F. Himes, of Carlisle, Pa., has experimentally demonstrated that drops dimish in size as a bottle is emptied. The smell of fresh paint in a room may be effectually gotton rid of by placing therein a pail of water in which" a few onions have been sliced. Water used in wool-washing yields 4 per cent of a very dry potassium, which can be recovered, as. M. Delat tre has shown, at a considerable profit. A glassmaking (jrm in Pittsburg, Pa., have been manufacturing glass textile fabrics during the last year. The fabrics produced are pronounced very beautiful and pliable. Dr. Siemens calculates that the present annual yield of all the coal mines of the earth would suffice to keep up the fire of the sun, and its present, intensity of light and heat, for about the forty-millionth part of a second., ' According to the Scientific Califor nian, an instantaneous remedy in cases of poisoning consists of a heaping teaspoonful of 'salt in and the same quantity of ground mustard stirred in a teacup, of warm or cold water and swallowed instantly. A writer in the Scientific Califor nian suggests a safe method of drink ing out of cups at fountains erected for public use. It is to put the lower lip inside of the cup and sip the water instead of placing the edge of the cup between the lips. To remove fixed glass stoppers, tap and then unscrew with this sort of a wrench, made of a piece of strong wood : Have the wood 3.5 inches long and one inch in breadth and depth, with apiece mortised out large enough to admit the flat part of the glass stopper. A substitute ifor ln'dia 'rubber has been invented by MM. Dankworth and Landers, of St. Petersburg. It is composed of a mixture of wood and coal tar, linseed oil, ozokerit, sperma ceti and sulphur, which are thorough ly mixed and heated for a long time in large vessels by means of superheated steam. At a meeting of the Linnean socie ty, London, last month, Mr. G. Mur ray exhibited specimens of dace killed by the fungus disease (saprolegnia fdrax), the result of inoculation. He asserted that this was the first record ed experimental proof of the possibil ity that this disease could be commu nicated to fishes. Messrs. Elster and Geitel state that the views of Hankel on the electrici ty of flames, published in 1858, but only recently come to their knowl edge, have been confirmed by their own experiments, which show that galvanic elements may be formed of heated glass and metals without the introduction of a flame. It is a mistake to -suppose that the crumbling of brick is due solely to variations of temperature. M. Pa rive tr:ces the disintegration to a mi croscopic organism. Atmospheric ac tion will, of course, readily second the destructive effects of the pioneer penetrator of all but the most com pact and well-burned bricks. A contemporary maintains that the persistent use of the microscope is the only means whereby the necessity for a change of yeast in brewing can be ascertained, and that the examina tion must be kept up from day to day. As soon as the cells are seen to be come elongated and lose their rotund shape, there is something wrong. At Xakskov, in the Danish island of Laaland, the gas coaipany lights the streets gratuitously, as a return For the monopoly which enables it to supply nearly all the houses with gas for cooking, heating, and lighting, for heating purposes the price is ninety-one cents per thousand; but for lighting the company charges $1.20. Within the last few years the de velopment of the coal fields of As turias has greatly advanced. In 1882 219,508 tons were raised, against 167, 586 in 1878. But the very near fu ture, with the demands of railroads and industrial establishments, will soon make the product much greater than the former figures eyen give any idea of, Mr. J. E. H. Gordon, not later than three years ago, was a strong advo cate, as he acknowledges himself, of dynamo-electric machines occupying a very small space and driven at a high rate of speed. Xow, after a costly series of experiments, he finds that a large machine driven at a com paratively slow rate gives incompara bly the best result, and does not en danger life by flying to pieces. Suit for Interest. Xew York, July 26. Henry San ger, of this city, filed complaint to day in the United States circuit court against the Canada Southern railway company for the recovery of $2240, unpaid interest on certain bonds. The charge alleges that on July 12, 1873, the Michigan Midland and Canada railroad company executed bonds with coupons for interest falling due at the expiration of every six months ending January 5, 1874, until maturi ty on bonds, and alleges that the presi dent and secretary of the Canada, Southern railroad executed and guaranteed to pay the principal and interest of these bonds. Defendant alleges he presented these bonds to the Michigan Midland and Canada railroad, but they refused to pay the interest, whereupon they were pre sented to defendant, who also refused In all their Danliing houses, the Rothchilds hold four hundred millions of our government bonds, or more than one-fourth of our whole debt. PERSON A Li James M. Priest, justice of the su preme court of Liberia, is dead. . Gov. Butler has given $5000 to Williams college for a gymnasium. Queen Victoria is four feet eight inches high. Prince Albert was fif teen inches taller. B. II. Bristow, ex-secretarv of the treasury, will go to the White Moun tains this week. Gov. Butler says that verse writing is one of " the most worthless exer cises of the human mind." Gen. Sherman is expected to join his family about the 1st of August at Bar Harbor, Mount Desert. Cardinal Manning is seventy-three years old, and'became a Roman Cath olic when he was forty-three years old. John Kelly is said to be worth $2,000,000. This is probably an exag geration, but he is known to be very rich. Col. Killebrew. of Tennessee, has gone to Mexico to work the Polk mines. He savs they are worth $3,- ooo.ouo. Miss Susan B. Anthony and Mrs. Elizabeth Cady Stanton are speaking for American women before English audiences Gen. Sibley, a prominent figure in the pioneer history of Minnesota, now 70 years of age, is reported to be dving at St. Paul. Remember that limestone localities and dirty people are very fascinating to Asiatic cholera when the same is on its travels. Xoah Brooks and Charles Francis Adams, Jr., have been made corres ponding members of the Maine His torical society. Samuel L. Clemens is slowly recov ering from an attack of malarial fever, caused by his last trip down the Mississippi River. Mr. James Otis' Fifth avenue resi dence, in Xew York, was purchased for $140,000 by Mr. Belmont as a wed ding present for his son. Osear Wilde describes the American girl before his London audiences a "a pretty oasis or unreasonableness in a desert of common sense." At a recent party in London the Baroness Burdette-Coutts wore a single diamond worth 8125,000 upon a strip of plain black velvet around her neck. Gen. Grant, it is said, now uses Mexican cigars altogether, and de clares that they are fully eqnal in quality to those which come from Cuba. Vassar college graduates are amus ing themselves helping the family cook,and the demand for dyspepsia medicine is rapidly exceeding the supply. . Gen. Toombs, instead of "making preparations to resume the practice of law," as reported in a thousand news papers, has all the legal business he can attend to "without resuming." When a young man David Davis used to buy a piece of land every year and now he is worth several millions, mostly in real estate, having never speculated or owned any stock except some in a bank he helped to start at home. l'rof. T. Baehus. principal of Packer Institute, and Miss Helen C. Iliscock. a profesror in Vassar College, were married at the residence of Frank Iliscock, at Syracuse, on Monday morning. Family friends only were present. - Bishop Wigger. of Xew ark, has or dered that no Catholic picnic shall be continued after dark nor fair continu ed later than 10:30 p. m.: nor shall any society, fair, picnic or excursion be held without consent of the parish priest. Babu P. C. Mogoomdar, the fore most preacher and writer of the Brah rao Somaj, of India, is now lecturing in England to large audiences. He will spend the coming months of Sep tember and October in this country, lecturing and preaching. The emperor of Russia was believed to be safe at Moscow only when the empress was at hi3 side. She went everywhere with him, bowing and smiling to the people as he was driven unescorted through the streets, as if she knew she was his safeguard. Wilbur F. Storey, of the Chicago Times, is said to be wrecked in mind and body, and to control his paper only in name. He has to be carried to his office, where the word of his wife reigns. She has made large re ductions in the paper's expenses. The story goes in London that Patti's voice is giving way. She has not sung on several occasions when annouueed, and an apology had to be made for her non-appearance at the last Queen's concert, at Buckingham Palace, for which she was engaged. Gen. Ramon Leocadia Bonachea, chief of the Cuban Xanguard, was at one time one of the wealthiest men in Cuba. lie fought nearly twelve years in the war of the patriots. lie be lieves that the people of Cuba are ready to throw off the Spanish yoke. Mr. John McCullough, the trage dian, was in St. Louis, a few days ago, and a specjal dispatch states he was chilled by a sudden drenching while fishing a week previous, and was so prostrated that by the advice of his physician he has canceled all his en gagements tor next season. The ex -Empress Eugenie is describ ed by a writer who has lately seen her as "a rather stately woman, in deep black, not a bit or color anywhere, about her eyes the twinkling ripples that the years make, around her mouth the deeper drawn lines of sor- j row, a sallow face, hair with gray in it." The lightning was not satisfied with striking .and killing Mi hael Peets, of Albany, but stripped his clothing off his back and lacerated his flesh. lie was, bv the way, read ing the Bible at the time, which fact won't be mentioned by an revivalist when they are trying to scare sinners into repentance. "Sam" Newell, an old miller oa Rocky Fork, 'Ohio, says Foraker wouldn't have been nominated for governor if it had't been for him. He wasn't at the convention, and took no part in the preliminary canvassing; but when "Ben." was fbur years old and fell in the mill-race, he pulled him out and saved his Hie. Florence Marryat has a large scrap- book filled with authors autographs and specimens of their MSS. Her father's copy was all written on paper about the size ot "commercial note. and averaged twenty-four words to the line and eighty-three lines to the page. A magnifying-glass is almost npeded to read it. Mr. Carroll D. Wright, the labor statistician of Massachusetts, has just returned from Europe, where he went on two missions as an agent of the foreign exhibition totpen in Boston in September, and to gather statistics in regard to the wages of the middle and lower classes abroad, ior use in his next report of the bureau of the statistics of labor, . , James Pender, son of John Pender, M. P. of England, and his wife will sail to-day in the Servia. Mr. Pender has just returned from the west, where he has been . visiting ranches owned by his father and some Lon don friends. He says that kind of property is in a prosperous condition. He traveled with his wife over eight Lhundred miles on horseback. . Mr. J. li. McCullagh, the editor of the St. Louis Globe-Democrat, is se riously ill in that city. His illness is believed to be due to the prostrating effects of his labors at the editorial desk for many years. He has built up one of the most enterprising, influen tial and prosperous journals in the country, by untiring and intelligent efforts, at the expense of his health. It is feared that be cannot .recover. ' Giueseppe Verdi is probably one of the richest mnsican composers in the world. He is also one of the most benevolent. The poor of Busseto call nim blessed, for his gocd-filled hand is ever open and ontstreached to alleviate their sufferings. He is now building and will fully furnish and liberally endow a fine hosrtai for tht-si poor of that town, whK'Ji will t..Kn lie opened for use. Dr. W. C. Palmer, who died at Ocean Grove on Friday, claimed th;.t tbe last fifty years of "his life were passed, not only free from sin, but also from the smallest inclination to wro lg-doing. He was the foremost advocate of the doctrine of perfect holiness and traveled for four years through Great Britain holding relig ious services. Every summer for eight years he has held revival meet ings daily at Ocean Grove. J. Moss, a Wisconsin cattle dealer, registered at a hotel near the Chicago stock yards. He blew out the gas. The clerk and the landlord tri( d to persuade the rural guest to open the door and let them in, but he yelled that he was no greenhorn and they couldn't rob him. The wise traveler, getting frightened, let himself out the window with a bed clwthes rope and camped in a field. A romantic freak of the sultan of Morocco, who is very rich, is lately published. It is said that he has large vaults built 100 feet under the ground.surrounded by a wall fifty feet thick, composed of alternate layers of metal and stone. The approach to these vaults is through a subter ranean labyrinth, and is defended by armed men, who, after entering the seavice of the sultan, never see the light of day again. Gov. Blackburn, of Kentucky, has accepted an invitation to be present at the reunion of the survivors of Gen. John II. Morgan's Confederate command, and at his suggestion little Julia Duke, Mrs. Blackburn's name sake and portege and the daughter of Gen. Basil Duke and niece of Gen. John Morgan, is to be asked to recite at the reunion "The Bivouac of the Dead," for which she has displayed a wonderful talent. A Briton by birth and eduation. M. Clemenceau possesses many of the best characteristics of his race, includ ing taciturnity, patience and energy. He is a slight, wiry man, with ckise cropped hair and a military mustache. He walks with soldierly bearing, dresses with faultless taste, and has the general air of a martinet. His oratory, though powerful and convinc ing, is devoid of warmth, and he makes no secret of his contempt for the im aginativeness and "gush" of the South ern orators. Once,af ter one of Gam betta's most impassioned speeches, Clemenceau was seen to wear a scorn ful expression. "Why, you must ad mit that it was a magnificent ora tion," expostulated M. Xaquet. "It was incomplete," replied Clemenceau, drily; "M. Gambetta should have ac companied himself on t he guitar." MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS AXD THDiGS. There are 600 more women than men in Butler county, Alabama. The queen of Italy eats under the' eye of a doctor, who- tells her what not to e-it. Immense quantities of tomatoes are being shipped from Chattanooga, some 600 boxes daily. The dear girl who strikes her lover with a feather fan will hit him w ith a broom-stick in after life. Xorthern men are buying up and locating saw mills on the fine tim bered lands of Monroe county, Ala bama. A popular young woman of Geor gia is contemplating a removal to Texas, to engage herself as cook, at a salary of $50 per month. Dom Pedro, of Brazil, wears white silk and white satin when he sits on his throne, a necklace of immense diamonds and emeralds, and a lace cravat. A widower, with no spring bonnets to buy can dress about as he likes. . " The Wilmington (X. C.) Review comes to the front with the prize spider. It says: "A spider hiis been found in Bladen county half as large as an ordinary teacup and strong enough to draw a chicken a week old into its den." Anumber of citizens- of Oxford, Miss., have engaged in the business of buying and shipping cattle. The cattle are shipped to Arkansas, Texas and Missouri. he business seems very profitable, and should encourage stock-raisi g. The Hon. George H. Pendleton, though in no sense of the word a du elist, is a splendid pistol-shot. He can throw an empty champagne bot tle into the air, whirling over and over, and can shoot into the mouth and knock the bottom out every time without injuring the bottle other wise. Mr. Pulitzer's success is said to be largely due to his wife's talent, sym pathy and pluck. The wife of Col. McClure. of the Philadelphia Times, is a large stockholder in the paper. The Times-Democrat of Xew Orleans is mainly owned by Mrs. Burke, while Mrs. Nicholson is the controlling spirit of Picayune. Great excitement prevails in Rus sell, Ark., over the discovery of a gold mine a few mile3 west of that place, which assays $10.23 in silver and $11.03 in gold per ton. It is thought the ore extends all along the divide between Red and White rivtrs. It crops out' at Saledo, Greenbrier and near Buck Horn.. The Effect of Tobacco on Children. Dr. G. Decaisne has submitted to the Society of Public Medicine the re sults of some interesting observations concerning the effects due to the use of tobacco among boys. Thirty-eight youths were placed in his charge, whose ages varied from nine to fif teen, and who were ' in the habit of smoking, though the abuse of tobacco varied in each case. The effects, ot course, also varied, but were emphat ic with twenty-seven out of the thirty-eight boys. With twenty-one pa tients, there was a distinct disturb ance of the circulation, bruit at the carotids, palpitation of the heart, de ficiencies of digestion, sluggishness of the intellect, and a craving more or less pronounced for alcoholic stimulants. In thirteen in stances there was an intermittent pulse. Analysis of the blood showed in eight cases a notable falling off in the normal number of red corpuscles. Twelve boys suffered frequently from bleeding of the nose. . Ten com plained of agitated sleep and constant nightmare. Four boys had ulcerated mouths, and one of the children be came the victim of pulmonary phthisis, a fact which Dr. Decaisne attributed to the great deterioration of the blood produced by prolonged and excessive use of tobacco. As these children were all more .or less lymphatic, it was' not possible to establish a comparison according to temperament; but of . course the younger the child the more mark ed were the symptoms, and the better fed children were the ones that suf fered the least. Eight of the children in question were aged from nine, to twelve years. Eleven had smoked for six months, eight for one year and sixteen for more than two years. Out of eleven boys who were induced to quit smoking, six were completely restored to normal health after six months, while the others continued to suffer slightly for a year. Treat ment with iron and quinine e-ave no satisfactory result, and it seems toler ably evident that the most effective, if not the only cure, is to at once for swear the habit, which to children in any case is undoubtedly pernicious, The Value of a Mind. New York, July 26. in a collision some years ago between the Penn sylvania railway company's ferry boat and the Xew York transports tion company's steamer, John IJ.Mar tin rAfpi vtrl in iuripa mwinir insnnit.v. Ile obtained a verdict against both ! companies for $20,000. The culture of" cinchona, from the bark of which quinine is extracted has recently entered upon an entirely new phase. In lba the seed ot tne finest and rarest quality of the cin chona tree was introduced into Java, and since that time the Dutch-have developed its quinine prod' cing prop erties with extraordinary skih. ! - The Choir's Quarrel. IBrooklyn Eaple.) "I think you treated us very un kindly in saying that we had a tight in our choir," murmured the contral to, taking- the chair the religious editor placed for her and straighten ing her hat. "You hurt the feelings of everybody, and I don't see any good of it." - "BUt didn't you have a fight?" pro tested the religious editor. "Didn't the tenor s;iv tne soprano didn't know any more alio at music than a loga rithm does about the doctrine of in fant baptism ?" "I know that," con ceded the con tralto. . "And he wa? right. She don't. But she is a cross-grained old maid and the sooner we yet rid of her the better." "And didn't the basso take the soprano's side and hit the tenor on the nose?" continued the religious editor. "I know he did," replied the con tralto. "And he was all in the wrong. That tenor - is perfectly lovely, and the soprano got mad because he was to sing a duet with me. But I don't see why you wanted to pitch into him. Why didn't you sav the soprano had been flirting with the barvtone for six months, in spite of his being a married man? What did you want to put it all on the tenor for V "I didn't know anything about that," retorted the religious editor. "Somebody told me the tenor took you to the church picnic and that all the row grew out of the fact that the soprano told his wife," "So she did, the meddling old maid. It was none of her business. He di in't take her, and he isn't likely to. We never had any trouble in that choir until she got to poking her nose into everybody's busiuess. Say, I wish you would come out and state that the choir is perfectly harmoni ous, and the paper w;is mistaken in its report about the difficulty." "Of course I will, if there is any truth in it," responded the religious editor. "Is the difficulty all over?" " It will be as soon as the tenor gets his hands on the organist. He has been giving his mouth a holiday and saying that the tenor wants to get the soprano out so he can get another one in who used to sing in the same church up the country. As soon as I heard of that I told his wife she had better keep a lookout for her husband. She told him about it aud he said there wasn't a word of truth in it, and now she. is keeping a watch on him and he can't go home from choir practice with me until it blows over. I don't see, why a tenor's wife should be so jealous of him," " So he's going to thump the organist-, is he V" inquired the religious edi tor. "If he can catch him before he gets over his mad, he will. I wish you .would say that all the differences in tne choir have been settled, and that the congregation are anxious to have a new soprano. Will you do that tor me i "Certainly," smiled the religious editor. "Didn't I hear something auout the alto leaving the choir t "Xo such luck as that," sighed the contralto. "She s as much a fixture as the contribution box. She and the bald-headed basso are as thick as the notes in a long run. but I have put spoke in her wheel by telling his wife that he held her hand all day when we were practising the Easter music, She won't bother me and the tenor any more until she gets out of that scrape. I wish you would criticise that basso's voice. He can't sing any more than a lobster, and when he puts me out the leader looks hard at me and says I will have to do better if rm going to stay in the choir ! I'd like to see him try to put me out My husband would wring his neck for him." "So you're married, too. are you? murmured the religious editor. "Ul course 1 am, replied the con tralto. "You needn't say anything about that in your old paper, because I never allude to my husband unless he is around. Xow I want you to write a nice article about us, and say that ot all the church choirs in lirook Ivn there w riot one so perfectly har monious and devoted to its duties as .ours. Willvou? That's a good man.' And the religious editor hadn't the heart to refuse her How Ui2 Trade Dollar May be Turin to Account Once More. Sail Francisco Olironiule. There were 35,959,31)0 trade dollars coined in all. It is not known whether they are all in the country now or not, it au,uuo,(JU0 ot them are in existence which is not over an estimate, there are just $3,000,000 in the job w inch has been put up in the East in rela tion to them. The effec't of the pop ular demonetization, which is now in progress in- Xew York and Chicago, is to reduce them to bullion value, or 90 cents. The greater part ot them are now perhaps in the hands of spec ulators and brokers at that figure, Ihe brokers are only acting iorothe parties in the background. To col lect these dollars new at 90 cents, in the hope of getting" congress to give 100-cent dollars lor them in exchange, is perhaps too long a game. Congress will not be in session for some months yet. If there is any scheme on foot to force such a proposition through it could not be accomplished inside of saven or eight months. The loss of interest for that period would greatly reduce the iu per cent that there is in the project. But there is a readier mode of tak ing the "turn.? We know that there ii a scarcity of Mexican dollars at this p( rr. The explanation-is that there is less to send us because of the demand for the coin for railroad ope rations in Mexico. That is a demand that is likely to e-o on increasinsr. If trade dollars secured at New York and Chicago at 90 cents can be worked off at par in Mexico, or used to make up the deficiency that is likely to oc cur in the China trade, 10 per cent, or very nearly that amount, can be realized right off. We are somewhat familiar with these little games in this city. The old residents will re member the days when all sorts of foreign coin circulated. The franc, worth 20 cents, was taken for 25 cents The rupee, worth 44 cents, - readily passea ior oo cents. 1 Felix Argenti and others made large sums by importing these coins and circulating them on the par of American coins. But when all the supply was worked off, the financial edict was issued that foreign coins would no longer be received at the banks except as bullion values. The people made the loss, but could only grin anu oear it. it was all right on the face. The ; course of the banks was conservative. But they aia not rose anyining. Another case ot com manipulation but of a differ eni Kina, occurred 'about the same time, in connection with a mint at Ilermosillo. The Mexican oflicials, apparently witnout Knowledge of the iact, were repeiving large lots of bul lion which contained a heavy percen tage of gold. They continued to coin their dollars all the same, which, how ever, in consequence of the gold were wortn i.ia. Parties in this city be came cognizant of the fact. They managed to get possession of nearly $4,000,000 of the issue, and made the difference by putting the coin in the meiung pop. It is tjuite evident that something equally sharp is being done with the trade dollar now. There is not much doubt but that it was -originally ex pelled from the city on a speculation. It was gathered up here at 90 cents and shinned East, where it was to some extent passed at par. The ex pense of transportation has, of course, to come out of these operations. But that could not exceed I per cent. Cleansing Wash Leather. A German optical journal recom mends washing soiled polishing leath er in a weak solution of soda and warm water, then rubbing a good deal of soap in the leather and letting it soften for two hours. , It is after wards thoroughly washed .until per fectly clean and rinsed in a weak so lution of warm water, soda and yel low soap. It must not lie washed in cleiJ water or it will become so hard when dry that it cannot be used again: tt is the small quantity of soap remaining in the leather which pene trates its smallest particles and makes the leather as soft as silk. Al ter the rinsing it is wrung out in a coarse hand towel and dried quickly. It is then pulled in every direction and well brushed.after which i is soft er and better than most wash leather when first bought. If rough leather is used to finish highly polished sur faces it will often be observed that the surface is scratched or injured. This is caused y particles of dust and even grains of hard rouge that were left in the leather.' As soon as they are removed with a clean brush and rouge, a perfectly bright and beautiful finish con be obtained. Millions of Logs Banked Up Against a Bridge. Detroit, July 27. Xews of the threatened calamity at Grand Rapids and Grand Haven, spoken of yester- dayrjias been very slow coming in. Intelligence is just at hand that strong hopwsare entertained that the worst is over and that the dimensions will be greatly less thaifwhat seemed certain yesterday. The Lake Shore Michigan Southern bridge, four miles- below this city, towards Grand Haven, up to noon to-dav stands firm, with. 60,000,000 feet of logs against it, and 20,000,000 more strewn high and dry on the banks between this point and the point above the city where the first bridge gave way yesterday. It is confidently hoped the Lake Shore bridge can hold out against the enormous pressure. If so the logs will be kept from passing down the river, breaking the Grand Haven booms and plowing Into Lake Michigan. The losses at best are heavy, but nothing approaching what they would be had the last bridge been carried off. Trade is greatly impeded, but the railroads have already tele, graphed for estimates for replacing their bridges which went out vester- day. All the new ones will be iron. - Sustaining the Brethren. Xew York, July 27. The joint executive committee of passenger de partments of the trunk lines met again to-day in Commissioner Fink's ollice. The claim made by the Lake Erie and Western for money reim bursement for losses sustained bv that road in maintaining its rates under the rule established at the recent Chicago meeting, under penalty of being excluded from participation in through westbound business of the trunk lines, thus being prevented from meeting the reduced rates of the various competitors who were not I members of the pool, and didn't there- tore come under the rule, and in con sequence lost a large amount of busi ness that it claimed legitimat ly be longed to it, was finally decided after a heated discussion, that the Lake Erie and Western should file its claim and that it should receive proper con sideration. Complaints were made against the Pittsburg, Fort Wayne aud Chicago, and the Xew York, Pennsylvania and Ohio roads, that they were cutting rates in violation of the Chicago rule. The first named road gave a satisfactory explanation to the committee and the charge was dismissed. The case of the latter is still under consideration. The Syracuse Boat Race. Syracuse, X. Y., July 26. The Hanlon-lIosmer-Lee race at Fulton this afternoon was witnessed by near ly 5000 persons. The course was threM'ourths of a mile, rowed over twice. There was very little betting, it being conceded II anion was a sure winner. Few even bets on t7ie result between Hosmer and Lee. The start was made at 56 seconds past 5 and all took the water together. 11 anion and Lee pulled 34 and Hosmer 36 strokes. The boats kept even the first hidf mile, but I Ian Ion then drew ahead, Hosmer a trifle t he best of Lee, Hanlon turned the stake in 6 minutes, Hosmer 10 seconds later, and Lee 5 seconds behind. Back to the start Hanlon drew well to the front of Hosmer and Lee, between whom was tho finest struggle. From the start Hanlon slowed upandthe others gained on him. 'Hanlon turned the starting point in 94'. Hosmer and Lee turned together. ' Hanlon Hoon stopped rowing and took a drink of water from his hand. A Costly Calamity, Detroit, July 26. Tho calamity threatened at Grand Rapids the last two or three days, took ' placf this morning. An immenso jam of logs, extending up Grand River a mile, has been lodged against the bridge of the Detroit aiid Grand Haven rail road, near the city, but it has been hoped the bridge might resist the tremendous pressure. However, it succumbed this forenoon and went down with a crash. The bridge of the Grand Rapids, Indiana and Chicago and West Michigan followed. Millions of feet of logs have gone down the river with the flow and ulmost cer tainly will continue down, sweeping everything before them and going into Lake Michigan. If this be true a large additional uumbei of logs will be carried out at Grand Haven, as well as the destruction of all the bridges thVr'. The ultimate loss, it is feared, will reach many hundred hou sand dollars. The'daiiiagn is un'iirece deuted in the extent. - For and Ajrniiict. Xew York, July 27. In the Su perior Court Judge Ingram granted a motion to vacate the order granted in the suits of William Williams and Rufus Hatch vs. the Western Union telegraph company and others, for ttie examination of Louis Fitzgerald, president of the Mercantile- Tru t company, in regard to the payment of dividends by the company. The pro- uuce exenange adopted resolutions to notify the Western Union tlgraph company if the service is not im proved the exchange will withdraw from its contracts, and also to confer with other exchanges with a view to building lines of their own. Dress and Cloak Makers Strike. Xew York. July 27.-The strike of dress and cloak makers still continues in the firm of Bohm Bros., and Gruenfield gave in yesterday to the strikers and about -twenty men and thirty women- went to work to-day. Weidldman and Tasskedv. two out side contractors, also yielded to about twenty eight, and girls went to work in ' the former's place to-day, and between thirty and-forty in the lat ter's A lettft- has been received from F. Gartick, another contractor, asking nis employes to return to work at their own terms. They will do so to morrow. ' . - Suing a Newspaper. Xew York. July 27.- Judge Cre- men, of the supreme court, to-day denied-a motion-made by defendant to strike out a portion of the complaint brought py Capt. C. C. Duncan tore- cover giuo.ouu; damages from the Xew York Times, for publications re garding him in that paper. The police are searcf) irig fqr S. M. Miiuger, of (Jhicago.a dry goods sales? man, who has been missing from here alKtt a month. " Strjctly a Monopoly, Xew Yn-Rir "fnlv 91 !ti ,iwiri,.t atlorqey has begun suit against 16,0011 of the patrons of Boyd's private eU ter express for recovery of a penalty of $50 in each case for violation of the L nited States postal laws. Another suit has also been instituted against Wm. Blaekham. proprietor of Bovd'n post,' for penalties for infraction of the law in carying on a letter express, City Comptroller KeMgueu. XEW YoRK.Tuly 27. Comptroller Allen Campbell has resigned. Fail. ing health and need of rent ur signed as the cause. Recent dis- losiires or defalcation in i hn flminm department by a clerk now dead, and newspaper art icles thereon, are said tp have aggravated the comptroller and recipitatcd the resignation. Xo Choice Yet. Concord, Xj II., July 27. There is no result :in the ballot for 'United States senator to-day. j Pike gained 1 over yesterday, Chandler lost 25, Tap; pan 5 and Burns 2, n -- 1 :,. t- . 1 7 s t t n.