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AtlSTI. TKXAM. i: i m of MusscKirnoN. K:ilu of .Sul)Hcrilioii to Dully : Daily. ier annum, if paid in advance $10.00 mr month I-00 Sample copKfs swit fn;e on application. Address STATKSMAJf WBIXSIIIXO CO., W.M. I'. (iAINKS, President and Manager. Til URSUAY. MAY 7. 18" The spaying of heifers is going to become aa important fatun of rancli industry in Texas. The total length ol the submarine cables now in use is quoted at UH.OOO miles. The (iovernment is about to send 833,000,000 in gold across the conti nent from San Francisco. To lease most of the lands, the min imum price must not be raised above what the law says it shall be. Chenoweth, assumed formal charge of the first auditorship of the United States Treasury, yesterday. Sin Edward Tiiohnton, now Eng lish Minister at St. l'etersburg, de sires to be sent back to Washington. To make the acts of the Land JJoard constitutional, it must conform its operations to what the law directs. A 1' resident must necessarily keep in harmony with his party, and we hold that just as good officers may be found inside as outside of Democratic ranks. And now the Cincinnati Enquirer reinforces the New Ycrk World in fearful onslaughts on Mr. Jiayard. Mr. Bayard is the last man in the world to suit political traders and tricksters. The opinion given by Judge Dur ham, first comptroller of the treasury that deputy United States marshals appointed for duty at the polls should be residents and voters, ought to be good law. It certainly is good sense. The constitutional proposition for changing the date of Ohio election from October to November is so worded that if a majority of the voters .wish they can decide to have both an Octo ber and a November state election ev ery year. i)r. NonviN Green's son gets a Consulate in .TapaD, where, it may be, the Western Union wants to work up a telegraph system. Dr. Green's lle publicanism i3 so intense as to infuse itself into the blood even to the third and fourth generations. Uossi-m in Democracy is as insult- iner to Miblic decency as though it were Republican ;and yet, it appears our congressmen resolved in the dis tribution of Federal patronage to be bosses. Jiut their proposition was to bj)ss Grovei Cleveland. Gen. Uoynton says that a number of Democratic Senators and llepresen tives are making a last and well-or ganized attempt to break down Mr, Cleveland's policy aboat appoint ments, and force bim to make more rapid changes in the offices. . Morgan, the Melbourne Consul, swears by all that is good and holy, that he is a Democrat, and so he may be now. Had Mr. Blaine been elect ed, could he not have sworn by all that is more than good and holy, that he was a Republican. London Truth says there is consid erable talk of making Lord Lome the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, lc was a question, however, whether the Prince of Wales' reception ha3 been of a character to warrant sending any member of tho royal family perma nently to Etin's Isle. NEWSrArER correspondents have been indulging in considerable com ment upon Vice-President Hendrick's pertinacity in applying for positions for his constituents. A friend men tioned the matter to the Vice-President lately, whereupon the old Roman remarked: "I thought we were fighting for a change, and I want to see the Departments opened arM cleared out, so that the light of Heaven can shine squarely in."( Mr. Jefkekson Davis, should he receive the pardon of the Govern ment, is the proper man to ask it in. person from the President. He was whipped twenty years ago, and if in all these years he does not fully real-, ize that he i3 Lot separate and inde pendent of the United States, it is well enough to let him pass away under such delusion. Jiut, of course, no doe3 realize this, and therefore Mr. Davis himself, and not friends, should ask for his pardon. .. Considerable interest has been aroused for the last few days in the - movements of the English war steam er Garnet and the Russian man-of-war Strelok off the port of Norfolk, It seems the Strelok, which is th ' faster sailer, gave her English antag onist the slip, and steered for New Tork. Under international law the Englishman cannot follow the Stre lok within twenty-four hours. The 'Garnet has been watching the Strelok closely. This looks like business et a ', ' warlike nature.- ' France is in a wretched condition . to indulge in war. The public debt amounts to $4,750,000,000,which is $3,000,000,000 in round numbers great. er than the debt of Great Britain. The . annual revenue for 1883 amounted to 713,748,598, which is $320,000,000 more than that of Great Britain, S5Ca.000.000 arreater than that of Ger many, an i SG3,000,000 greater than - "that of Russia. Such a colossal mass of debt resting upon the industry and capital ol the . people has been, carried with singular spirit and endurance but when, governmental blunders are found to be still added to the load, with no other re3ult than to sacrifice armies, it is not surprising that the people are finally driven to turbulance and even violence. And, yet, in case of warbetweenEnglandandRussia.it may ba impossible for France to avoid becoming involved. THE VIKOIMA DEBT DECISION. Though the United States Supreme Couri has considered and decided upon the Virginia debt question it is thought tins U not the -nd of the case. It is said a move is on foot to secure a rehearing on the critical point involv ed, and the opinion prevails that, it will again bs before the court. The decision reaclr d was th it of a bare majority of the court Field of Cali fornia, Harlan of Kentucky, Woods of Georgia, Matthews of Ohio and Blatchi'crd of New York the majori ty, and Chief - Justice Waite of Ohio, Miller of Iowa, Bradley of New Jersey and Gray of Massachusetts the minority. The four dissenting justices are all from .Neitheru States and are all Republicans, while the majority is compiled of four Kepub'.i cans and one Democrat, who, howev tr, claimed to Ikj a Republican when appoint! by Mr. Lincoln. Two of the majority, too, are from Southern States. Here is evidence, then, that the question of State sovereignly, in volved in the case, was not a party one; four Republicans voted one way and fourth other, and Field, who m ly. be called a Democrat, voted wivi t he majority. The case involves questions of deep interest to the peo ple of the entire Union. The suits were a-jainst the tax collectors of the Stute of Virginia, and the decis ion holds to exempt them from the constitutional prohibition forbidding suits to ba brought against a State. But the dissentients argue that the suit3 are in substance and virtue against the State itself; they act un der a law of the State; the revenue they collect is the revenue of the State: in relusing to accept in terest coupons for taxes they are bimply obeying the order of the State: and' it .. is not they. but the State that is affected by the decision. In the dissenting opinion it is said: "All this litigation in reference to the Vir ginia bonds and coupons is an at tempt, through the medium of the Federal Courts, to coerce the State of Virginia into the fulfilment of her contracts. The officers have no pow er but what the State gives them. They act for and on behalf ot the State, and in no other way. To sue them, therefore, because they will not receive the coupons in payment, is virtually to sue the State. The sole ob ject. i3 to coerce the State. To say otherwise is to talk only for effect, without regard to the truth of the thing." The question before the Court, ther, was not whether a State may repudiate its obligations, but whether a federal court may force a state to pay even its just debts, to respect its contracts, or not. Thi3 is the naked issue, and it is a vital one. If the de cision remain in force, it will be a fur ther curtailment of State rights, an un expected enlargement of federal pow er. The Constitution of the United Stales cbarly forbids the States of the Union to pass laws impairing the validity of contracts. The eleventh amendment debars the United States courts from entertaiaing suits brought against a State' by any dividual suitor, and the question rais ed is, does tha amendment obliterate this proposition, oi can redress bo secured by suing the agent of the State where the State may not be sued. The latter method of procedure for redress of wrongs by a State ha3 been adjudged constitu tional by the act of the court in the Virginia case. The minority opinion seems to be much stronger than that of the majority. The principle of the majority opinion put into full force would enable a State to im pose unjust duties, to declare war, to do almost anything in fact pro hibited by the constitution, so long as the rights of individuals only are af fected . The Court makes the eleventh amendment greater than the constitu tion itself, wipes out nearly all the re strictions as to the powers of btates leaving as the only probable redress suits against State officials. CANADIAN COMPLICATIONS.' The Riel rebellion has an accompani ment which bodes no goo I in the end to the Canadian Government. The French of Canada are protesting against the use of arms against the rebels, and one regiment of volunteers has refused to march against tbem. The soldiers allege that they " are insuffi ciently equipped; but it is believed that their real reason is that they are unwilling to fight the half-breed3. If this sentiment is general among the French-Canadians, the government may well pause in its expedition and resort to negotiations. It is claimed that the half-breeds sought to obtain a settlement of their grievances until forbearance ceased to be a virtue, and that their resort to arms was the only way of bringing the government to a realizing sense of the injustice they had suffered. Numerous Indian tribes have joined the half-breeds, and they are preparing to make a determined fight for what they believe to be their rights. The slaughter at Frog Lake is an indication of the char acter of the war that will be waged. Even with the support of all classes, the Dominion Government would probably find the task of sub jugation a long and costly one, but with the active opposition of a large and influential portion. of its people the carrying on of the war will be at ended witn peculi ar difficulties. STOPPING .TAXATION. The people insist on having a reve nue from the school lands. They know there is a means by which they may he relieved from . tax at ion for education, and they demand its adoption. If the land board will now follow the ex isting statute in its letter and spirit there may be relief from such taxa tion. The minimum of four cents per acre for lease 1 lands should be adhered to, except . for watered sections. which should be held at high figures, because they will command them Much of the dry ' land will not command more than four cents per acre, while under competi- tion much of it would lease at higher figures. There can be no doubt that almost the entire body of school lands could 1 e leased at such rates, while at higher r.irs the reign of free grass must be i i rpettial. Then, too, to ia- d'ice permanent settlement of sloek-brtttltMS in the West, that j.rovision of the l.iw, allowing the purchase of seven sections by one person, should be put in force. Fix tockrabers permanently by selling- them this much land,and these settlers will become' the lessors of the school lands: and they will always be made to command the highest price?. A little wifdom and liberality in the Land Board will add a million in cash to the Treasury every twilvc .mouths; and al ter the first lease expires, and new ones ate entered into, this sum would be increased from fifty to seventy-five per cent. TO M IKE A REPUBLIC. Fri sident Lalvidar, of San Salvador, is regarded a the coming statesman ol Central America, and it may be that through nim there could more readily be accomplished what Barrois proposed to do by torce, than any other Central American. It is said of him that during his nine years' presidency he has shown by a con- sistant and steadfast eifort to improve the condiiion of his people t'aat he is a patriot and a statesman. By his peaceful course he has demonstrated that he is a man of peace; and by avoiding to utiliza his great victory over Bani03 for his personal ad vantage he has shown that he is a fit person to occupy the high position of chief of republic. He has deserved the hearty support given to him by his own people and by Nicaragua and Costa Rica. The brave young Gen. Fernandez, of Costa Rica, did not hes itate to serve under him, and he is a fit peer for Cardenas, or Nicara gua, ana soto, or nonauras. These three civilian Presidents should rank a3 high as the good Don Manuel 1'ardo, Peru's only civilian President who earned thj respect of all Latin America by hi3 ncble character and high aims, and paid with his life the penalty of being in the way of ambitious, but selfish men. Laldivar has been the per sistent friend of advancement and of education. Besides establishing pub lic schools, hs has built good wagon roads, and has lately been pushing a small system of railways. He ha3 askel his people to sustain a standing army no larger than is absolutely nec essary as an effective police force; he has fostered commerce; he has kept expenditures inside of public receipts, and has reduced the public debt. It has been said he acted in bad faith to Barrios, when, were the truth told, he signalized himself by re fusing to lead his people toward a de sired end by such means as Birrios employed. While he favors the Re public of Central America, he desirea that its existence shall not be brought about by force of arms, but through peaceful and popular means. England's last Afghan war cost the government $100,000,000, and there is no computing what her late desire to push boundary lines may cost her before the present dispute is ended. Russia could very probably .buy the entire Afghan territory for one-fif ih of the cost of the first war. No doubt she could induce the Ameer to abdi cate in her iavor for ten or fifteen millions of dollars; and the Khedive might likewise have been bought for a score of millions,but the Egyptian war has already cost an other 6100,000,000.- There is a some what strange coincidence in the two cases. The fight was begun in Egypt to protect the Jewish bankers of Lon don, and the Afghans are understood to be the remnant of one of the Ten Tribes. The Egyptian affair has been to England a terrible calamity, and the prediction is made that, should she engage with Russia, her humilia tion will be more complete. The Charleston News' say?: "it should not be iorgotten that Presi dent Cleveland, in appointing Mr. Pendleton Minister to Berlin, disre garded the prayers and threats of the managers cf the Ohio political ma chine. The men who defeated Mr. Pendleton for re-election to the Uni ted States Senate were determined he should hold no public office. The President, with characteristic courage and wisdom, singled 'out Mr. Pendleton for recognition, and bids the Ohio machinists take notice that, although they may control a State Convention, they cannot deter the President of the United States from i orif erring honor where honor for conspicuous service rendered to the country is well and justly due." And, yet, Mr. Pendleton's Civil-Service law is causing the Government much annoyance by keeping men in place devoted to weakening its influ ence for good. As The Statesman predicted, the deviltry, so prevalent in Austin some time ago, has been renewed at the end of the big parade made about protec tion through a special police force. The people will have to protect them selves. Put arms in the hands of the women and leave them to use them; and then when these horrid villains come around- at night, do not hesitate a moment to put lead in their bodies. It is predicted, that if they keep up these practices some of the scoundrels will yet make their exits from private yards foot foremost. Shoot the prowlers as you would filthy brutes bent on destruction. Singularly enough, simultane ously with Grant's illnes3, comes news of the fatal sickness of another of the distinguished actors in the great scenes of twenty years ago. It seems the physicians, according to a San Francisco dispatch, have pro nounced the disease with which Gen. McDowell has been for some time suffering, as fatal. The General is delirious, with occasional lucid inter vals. - ' The Panhandle cattle men are leg islating for themselves. The Legisla- Iture did not da what they demanded, J and hence the new legislative body in the Northwest. PKOBABI.ii.WA K COHPLK'ATION. The Dardanelles cut an important fiury iu the impending contest b: - twetu England and Russia. The Da - danelles i.i the key to the Black Sea. An Eaglbh lleet iu that sea would be a serious mriiace to Hussi.-i, by -shich the transportation of troop. and wst materi d and supplies ould be gie .tly embarrass' d. Internatiorsd law fixes it as a rule, t h it a wa'er way v.ithin the limits of a cjuntr,j territory is controlled b that c.niutry.but in this case lbr- is an ixception. By the treaty f itnj, ; t the conclusion of thd Crimean Wtir.it w - .!f.ri ShOUl I n'!i::-i:i : ! that, the Dardanelles iu the hands of the Porte only when Turkey was a party ', to war th.it might be elTecttd bv it's ! control. Ti:rt compact of 185(5 was i so.i:e what i.i iilifiid by a protocol ia j Itiil. Jhtt pnneip.e agreed to at Parii was reMiiruud, but - the right was conceded tj the Sultaa of "opening .-aid straits in time of peac.j to ships-of-war of friendly and allied power., incase the Sublime P rte .sh: ul a find it n:c?ssary to secure execution of tne stipulations of the Treaty of Pari -." Th', doctrine was again reaffirmed as lato as 1878 by tho Beiiiu Congress, held after the Russo-Turkish war. All the European powers except Spain have bsen parties to these treaties. It i only when Turkey is at peace that the international status of J the Dardanelles and the Bosphorus i3 j fixed by the other powers. The struit". are then shut only to foreiga war ships. They are open to the n;ere.hAr;t vessels or tne world, me rigucs anu i duties of the Porte, when at war, are not defined or restricted by treaty. It would doubtless assert ics right to open them to auy ally. The question is one upon which there must arise disputes, and it will result in bad "blood, that cannot but lead other pow ers into the contemplated war If Russia should do anything hostile or detrimental to Turkey in violation of the Paris Treaty, Turkey might claim the rijjhfc to protect itself by opening the Dardanelles to British wa- vessels. Unless England can se cure entrance on some such ground or pretext as this, by virtue of th3 proto col of 1871, its ships will be excluded from the Dardanelies while Tar key remains neutral. An English a Uian es with the Porte would open the strait to the English fleet. Turkey would then become a party to the war, and the Dardanelles would not be under the control of the European pow ers. It might 'produce a con dition that would very cer tainly lead to protests, manifestoes and tleclaration3 of war. A rossiBLE war between the Presi dent and the Senate has been averted by the resignation of General Lawton of Georgia, on account of his political disabilities. But it has been discover ed th it the same objection lies against Judje Jackson, of the sauii) state, recently appointed Minister to Mexico. The tlifii-. culty in his cas3 is, that tha Senate has already confirmed his nomination but the indications are that Republi cans will not let the matter rest where it;. I' " sail that Mir.i.-ter Jack son's clay am ba reached by a quo j warranto proceeding, instituted by the District Attorney in Georgia, set- ting forth Jackson's disabilities and ' asking that he be judicially declared: ineligib?e to office. The cattle barons are not going to give up, without opposition, their holdings in O.kahoma, and other In dian territory. Through a most out rageous exhibition of favbriteism, they have entrenched themselves, and by actual possession they will, if they choose, be able to give the Government not a little trouble before their eject ment is an assured fact. It will not do for the new Ad- ministration to make one rule for the settler and another for the syndicates as it3 predecessors have done. But the President's proclamation, we think, will be carried out in its fullest sense and with entire impariiality. The il legal leasers will have to go, and then the settlers will graudually squeeze in. General Grant has so far im proved as to be able to map out work on hi3 book. But, it is stated in this morning's dispatches that the tumor at the root of the tongue still remains neither receding nor, aggressive. The Medical Record, of New York, whose editor, Dr. Shrady, is oae of General Grant's physicians, says the doctors have not been mistaken in the diagnosis, the microscope having set tied the question of" cancer of the epithelioma variety; that they (the doctors) never absolutely predicted j Grant's speedy demise; and while as-, sertlng the usually slow progress of j cancer, the article is careful to give no pefimte prognosis of the case. Senator Sherman is in f ivor of ! remodeling the navigation laws. Why ' did he not take this position long ago It was such men as Mr. Sherman who gave us these iniquitous laws, and who have forced the country to retain them. Mr. Sherman is a desperate seeker after the presidential nomina tion, and he finds that the business people of the country have been aroused to the point of violently con- demning the navigation? laws. Sly T,r. TOni hav fn innk nut. nr hu nnli - tics will, because of his changiDg opinions, become doubtful. Apparently the troubles on the Isthmus are quieted for the time ' being. Aizpuruha3 been squelched j and the greater portion of the rebels, ' recently in posse sion of Panama, are fugitives. The National troops are in control of the city, and to all appear- ances t he mission of the United States expedition is ended, . The Dallas Democrat joins The Statesman in holding that, the time ; i3 at hand for the United States to declare a protectorate over the Isth mus of Panama. The D-.-raocrat says u u.,.MnrarDrnrw n.-if j,Qi tate a moment It is of the most has been the custom heretofore to con vital importance fhat our Government demn cattle affected with pleuro should exercise control over this Isth- pneumonia,and for the government to mian canal, it will be to this hemis- pay the lo3ses sustained by slaughter j phere what the Suez cnal is to f o Eastern, aud we know what a bone of contention it i3 to stuke while the iron is hot, Mr. Cleveland, if ycu want speclidiy to do somethipg fcr your country." Mr Evarts still sniff a bellicn" in this country, i one Union soldier ia th . not enoiuh to look after U arts was himself a mei;i:i cabinet for four ya-s: "hot le d thinks di:ii:t is M Ev r of t he -.1 asks the i I he not ? Wnydid Boston IIer:t''!. - by seek to quenc'i i - dun he assent to the u i.nval f the troops from the South ly l evident Hayes? cmncil chaui- ('Why did h- si, at ! r with the ". ive Some ol n- pur states tuei ; re. t- previous. S ator Ev-ut. is tJctn.l.iH.y too slow." i The telegrams luiiil tgin to spare us from the daily repetition of how long Gen. Grant h;.s blept ia twenty four hour? when ha went to bed.when he got up, how much he ate, and how he assimilated his food; where he slept the different horns of the day; who called on him, and how Col. Grant and Mrs. Sartoris, and the balance of the family feel. Would it not be well to vary this monotony; to Fay, for va riety sake, who collects the General's pensions, and how J? erdinand Ward stands the hot weather in jail. hie opinion gains ground row, that Maxwell's deposit in a St. Louis hotel aing in? , h-j.s wnefct. was a with him from the. East. It has been proven t ;.at Maxwell was after a stiff in Bos- ta,and before he left there he told the doctor, through whom he had tried to procure one, that he had suc ceeded in procuring it. But, if this be a true theory, what did Maxwell run away tor; and, where, too, is Preller. At a late sale of Jersey cattle in New York, some- high prices were paid. Among them were the follow ing: Eurotas S Black Prince, 2-year-old bull, $2,050; Helen St. Heller, 5-year old cow. $fi75; Nanette Poji, 1-year-heifer, $2,000; Shirley St. Lam bert, 1-year-old heifer, 900; Leo Pojis 2-vear-iOd bull, $375; Gastavnette, 5- ! year-old ca .v, $1,400; Princess of Ash- ! antee, ( vtar old cow, 2,000; Princess j of Ashante3 IV, 1-year-old heifer, ; st,0G0. A private moven ent is on foot in Chattanooga to tender Gen. Grant the free us during his convalescence of a pri v.itc hotel on Lookout Mountain in sight of the battle fields of Chicamau g;, Mission ridge, Lookout Mountain iind Chittanooga. That is good; but why not m ike the reccollections more real; call for volunteers to stand up and be shot down as of old. Chatta noog:i may not only supply the free ! hotel but the men to be shot down to j make the diversion more real. The Russian counsel yesterday re j ictt d eon uiliatory measures towards England. This is significant enough. If it is n.t, tW additional fact ol Rus sia m jbuixinj a vast army of 200,000 men in the. South of the empire to u-.! rrtady for work in t wenty days, ong'it to be ample evidence to old man strict Gladstone that Russia means business this time. M. Capel insists that no communiv tv wh'ch sanctions divorce ought to complain about polygamy iu Utah. : He said, i-t New Orleans, that "he j coul I distinguish little difference be t twm.x driving tandem and i'oor-ia-h.i:.'.', s ) L.r as driving was concerned, j If a-3: hi otr. the latter was more pre , tVrd l ie." A very simple axiom ought to Lileuco Monsieur. It is that ,-two : w ron?s do not make one right." If the Land Board will sell seven sections of land ia the grazing districts to one person, the West will be set tled up with permanent live-stock breeders, and every acre of school land J not sold will be rented at prices rang- ing from the minimum figure to twenty cents an acre. To rent the most inferior lands, of which there are millions of acres, the price fixed in the law, four cents, should be retained as the minimum. It is said that Russian men-of-war will cruise along the Italian coast in j order to frighten Italy into inability I to aid England in the Mediterranean. ; In view of the fact that Italy at the , present moment has the four most I powerful iron-clads in the world, it j does not seem probable that she will ! become terrified to the extent Russia desires. The Fort Worth Gazette wants to make it appear that Lieutenant-Governor Gibbs is a kid of the Nineteenth Legislature-stripe. Barney's hair is already freckled with gray, and yet he i3 a man with the youngest man ners, but with a head well stored with wisdom as to the need3 of Texas. Georgia a3 well as Texas can boast of its credit. She recently invited bids for 3,500,000 thirty-year bonds at a j rate of interest not exceeding 5 per j cent There were three offers from one city for tne eatire issue at 4 per I cent interest, one of which was at a i premium of 4 per cent. ' Secretary Endicott expresses J astonisnment, me rumor oi ima- unuerstanuing oetweeu muiaeit aim . General Sheridan. He denies the whole matter. If so, ifis about on a par with the late rumor of a quarrel between Cleveland and Manning, Doubtless there was an objest in put ting out these reports. An inventive genius is said to have produced a cushion containing a spiral spring, to be worn by skaters who have the habit of sitting down unexpectedly , The spring, if properly adjusted,- it is said, may be made to throw one back upon his feet. It pro tects the floor a3 well as the skater, Comptroller Durham differs with Attorney General Garland as to the right of thi Federal G jvernmsnt to kill &ndL va7 for diseased cattle. It C tl'l l-K COMPLICATIONS. 'I he Panhandle stockmen met at Mobcetie, and after being fired up by a red hot speech from their President, Charles Goodnight, passed some very positive iesolutious upon the subject of herds being drives irom the South through the Panuaude. He said the Panhandle an l Northwestern stock men had done a!i :n their power to arouso the Southern Texas men to a sense e.f impending d nger to their in terests, aud to g-i incisures passed in the L 'gl-liturtj lo jkLig1 to the estab liah'.neiii of a tr.tii. to sanitary com mission, or fccmethiiijj which should bridge tho widening chasm, but they were laughed at for their pains by men wh proposed to drive disease-spread ing nereis wnere and when they pleased. He had abl legal advice to the effect that the Pandhaadle stock men could protect their herds by law against the influx of these death-dsaling herd, and every means should be tried before resorting to violence, but that he now preferred the jail to the poor-house. At this expression of their President, the cat tlemen demonstrated hearty approval He told them, that they would have as allies for the war the members of the Northwest Texas Cattle As sociation, the Cherokee Strip and tho Western Kansas Associa lion. The resolutions adopted were as follows: Whereas, During past years, and I vr.fLiill 'It' Kii bint n. .n.xrt li t 1 nn fe y1 the native and located cattle of this country have been very great, almost destroying several herds, resulting ! irom the introduction ot southern and eastern cattle, which communicate what i3 commonly known a3 "Texas fever," and realizing as we do that this is a question vitally important to the interest t f all classe3 of our peo ple and which alike effects the proper ty of the stockmen and the settler and farmer with his few head of milch cows, and whereas the security of our own property depends upon the exclu sion f rem the country of cattle from altsections which have been found to communicate such disease. Therefore, be it resolved by the cit izens of the Panhandle in mass mast ing assembled : First, That it is un?afe and dan gerous to the cattle ioc-ited in the Panhandle to introduce aniond- them other cattle raised or wiatercd snith ot the Texas and Pacific Rati way aiid east of a line running south from Lied River with th eastern boundary i the counties of Wilb irgar. B :vt(r, Throckmorton, Shackelford and sou: li to the Texas and Pacific Railway. First, While we heartily, sy nip ill! z with our Southern neighbors -u - ii their ditfiaulties and emb u iassui nu in reachiug desirable markc-is i.r their cattle, we at the same t im re.ii izs that this condition is thuir iiirfui tuna and not our fault, and we h-:rr pledge our individual iiifiue.:ice. and united co-operation . to prevei t U.e introduction or passage thro'iis this country of any ear,tle raised or win tered south or east of the lines h-r- in mentioned, except on and idonir th routes and trails hereafter sucsted. Third, We would suggest as a prac i cal route for a western outLp ror cat tle beyond the boundaries uerein un tioned, tho following: On th-.i west, beginning at Colorado Ci'y, oi t rie Texas aud Pacific Railway, "th. nee m a northwest direction to or near Ut head waters of the Yellow 11 .ire e n von. thence to tha head waters ot . h . Ranui-ig Waters in II tie 0u.r.v, thence to the head waters o:i th -. Tule canyon in Swisher t.'oiu'y. thence to the head waters u i tne Terra Blancho cmyon, 111010'. t ill : head waters on lha Palo Dan ua'ty .-u ia Raadall County, tbe.ij . tu Tecova, about eighteen miic.-.noii'h .! the Canadian Uiver.theiiCd in a north west direction to the no t'nwt a:. c i -ner of Dallam County. Oj tluet. we suggest the following i-eu-i-ia at the tertninu3 of the Fort V orr.h & Denver Railway, thence io a :. itu west direction u the nioa:i 1.1" ih.: north fork of Red R ver, taence t iK ing the regular Dodgre City tiiiil through the Indian Territory. The first and tecnd re;o lutions were" adopted unani mously, but . there was some little opposition to tho third, b -cans.-, as those who;-ppo:.e I it s i:d the. A-s -cialioii ha I n lia'av to fix a tr til foi self-p; X-.::' ior:, iu.1 ;it the s uu liun lmp.isr d tiigers, coit(i..i-i-.d .-f by theai, up 11 o'.ueiv B r. the La -id rrs olutio , us Well as tne other r-soiu- tions, v. -i i p' d, and the n: x to tr txptetid i-', thai upon ,Li iJi tiiis trail is a. ed to In iinijus' d refu.-e t 1-t. cattle pis. ih in- s "e:i i-t will : it..- hand I.: S-..i.ck- Ass out ioi pa -.ed l..d lar res .bitio jS to tritwe, au 1 pi d-e.: the alii mei of a tiihuber of oilier .-.bit ilar associations. The line Ux d, south of whici are the condemned cattle, is along the line qf the Texas and Pacific It til way and east ot the east lines of Wilbarger, Baylor, Throckmorton and Shackelford counties. What are the Southern Texas cattlemen going to do about it v The Fort Worth Gazette estimates that 50,000,000 acres grazing land in Texas would graze 5,000,000 head of cat" tie. That fixes ten acres fore very ani mal taking the run of all lands, when well informed cattle raisers know it will take twenty acres all around, good and bad mixed. May 15, the Fort Worth Refrigera tor Company will begin slaughtering one hundred beeves daily, and as many good sheep as they may find it p ssi bie to h-tndle. Why doe3 not Austin establish the same sort of aa enter prise ? Ex-Gov. JBuown, solicitor of the Gould system of railways. The Statesman hopes, will not bs long confined to his room because of. inju ries received in the late smash-up. He is a fast friend of Texas and of Tex aas. Fedrr.il Offices In Texan. . Marshall Herald. The Galveston A ews is responsible forthefollowing: It is reported that the Texas deleg ation In congress held a meeting at Washington a few days before Cleveland was inaugurated and agreed upon a plan for the distribution of the federal officers in the. State. Under the terms of this plan the congressional delegation generously took everything. The members of the lower house were to have tie designation of persons for the offices within their respective districts, and the senators w ere to have the d s! gnation when tha scope of the cilice stretched beyond a single congres sional district. Thus the senators would have the designation of district attorneys, judges, maisbaLa, aid, in some Instances, of internal revtnee collectors. The members of the housa would have tha designation of the! post-masters and other oillcers, whose ! official territory lies within the con gressional district. Hints have been abroad that the meeting, when this programme' va agreed upon, was far Irom being placid in all respects. It has been hinted that the brilliant young representative of the Seventh district kicked like a southwestern as steer because of the greed of the senators in demanding the lion's share of the spoils. It has been further hinted that in order to quite him the senators and the other members of the delegation agreed to indorse his candidate for the district attorneyship oi me t esieru uisiricu It seems that, in addition to this discord at Washington, there is an- otner disgruntled element at this State capital, composed of Slate officials, according to the Austin cor respondent of that paper, that are furious because their recommenda tions of aspirants were not followed, and which they thought would have the force of commands upon the Texas senators and representative's in Congress. These Austin, wire- workers have hitherto successfully run the party machine in the State, and concluded to enlarge their in tluence and power. The .News thinks that this strife threatens very se nously the harmony of the Demo cratic party in Texas. lVrhups so. but we apprehend that bv the time the next canvass opens t lie pii.pl will conclude to set asidn machine way and regulate matters themselves. PEUSONAL. Mimstei Gladstone has a brother Tnomas who is over ninety years cf age, and a i ory. A sister of the famous naval officer. Oliver 11. Perry, 1? living iu Ames, ia , at tne rare old age ot 112 years, 1 j- Vnvfln.. m X 1 r ernor ot Ooio, and that Gov. Huadlv will probably run against mm on tne Democratic ticket. The widowed Lady Ampthill has been appointed Lady-in-Waiting to Abercromby. who recently resigned. jliic puot ia wuriu isuo a year, anu ptfilloj jjuoo vx xxcoij. jju-li vui" only consists in six weeks' attendance -i . , ti,1 WanVnava fi-aa at couri in each year. plaints, Female W eaJoiess, was -representative Ethelbert Barks- ,lol.x . r., .V...4. u unit? ua auijuiixjucu mat 11c Will llUt be a candidate for the Democratic nomination tor uovernor ot missis- sippi. Ex-Governor j. m stone is strongly endorsed lor tho nomina tion. Gen. Geo. B. McCiellan will deliver iuc -iycuui.iui.il my uuui'ess at. me xvn- V. r., 1! I i.i tietam niili -r'al ci metery. It will t ehi lirp', v ul !(; the n;aceince the battle. Wh t i:i Hagerstown (len. McCl-l'.an win h- the j-iiest of Col. II Ky II) ,ns laes, ho Wu on iS.oaewall Jackson's staff. The. Wj.sYIneton correspondent of theriiil iddp aa Times is "quits su;e tnat jNir. Ilt-ndncks would a, any time exchange hi ore er.t position fcr i seat in C . presi or the Governor ship ot a St'.V; i -.t to a man or Lis in tellect no Jove t.f power a mere hon orary oiiic is no more than a me-il of sugar plum . to a hungry laborer." .V l.lllJK liUMOli. Castor oil tiia b the best for phys ic, bu'; io ivil, iirt we-ikti a man aiy quicker tlifii uirmoi:. Ex. What is i : a n itu? Scene A Par isian res! aur-ant. Old lady (who has been s inlying the menu lor ten min utes w ihout sucetss) "Waiter, Ttis de Neau a l-i Fianciere,' what is that in Eniiih;"' Waiter, (after a few moments thou s:hti "Madame, it is ! the Laugh of th Calf at the Banker's i Wife." Life, "Yes," remarked Mrs. Unstartia, 'chat picture is an original llaphael. Husband had heard so ru ich about j counterfeit Raphaels that he not only ordered tni3 irom an artist upon whom he can depend, but he even went so far as "to go to the studio every day while it was being painted; so you can take my word for it that it i3 a real original Baphael. Boston Transcript, Jone3 is very green. He came to the city recently, staying over Sun day. When he returned home he was asked if he went to church while ho wa? away. "2o," said he, "1 couldn't tind tfie men's meeting house. I went into about a dozen churches, but they all appeared to be women's meetings, and of course, 1 went out immediate ly. I didn't wish to intrude upon tueir privacy, you know. Bostcu Transcript Needed It When the Second Came. From the New York 'i imes. "if ess," saia a father of several children. T was a proud and happy man when my iirst child was born. It was a boy, and I deposited $100 in the bank to his credit in honor of the event. That was 15 years ago." "With the accumulating intrest it will amount to quite a sum by the time he reaches manhood " "Yess, it would if 1 had loft it there, but I had to draw it out when the second came. "Banged Two-edged II air. Sword The truthfully says: "One of the most abomniable out croppmgs of total depravity is to be seen in the modern, fashionable and idiotic custom of 'banging- the hair.' Go where you will you inay behold otherwise handsome-looking female faces are made hideous as a Mexican Pagan's or a Ute Indian's. Little children, youar ladies and tven old women, have ad ;;ttd the ungodly craze.' In first Cor. 1:15, the Holy Ghost declares: 'If a woman have long hair, it is a glory to her, for her hair is given her for a covering.' And yet Christian women will, in direct disobedience of Holy Writ, cut off tho beautiful locks of hair to a certain length, and then past and fore it to grow down over the forehead, in the most unnatural manner. Ihus hiding that which God never design ed should be hidden. Alas! that things in the church bbould come to such a phase that the slightest beck or call of Friend Fashion is observed more faithfully than are the plain commands or exhortions of the Lord. Are our sisters aware of the fact that the habit cf 'b. n ing the h:dr' used to be the mark of prostitution in our cities ? For shame, then, away with the hideous f ftshion and obey the ex hortion of the Holy Ghost, is given in 1st Tim. 2. U." WtalfiNiSDlf! "Haroun of .& lepp-.i," saiti Sir Thi'lip Derva "had mastered every secret in nature which ih1- robler mxgic Keeks to fatlioin. He dis covered that the t ue a:t o: healing Is to assist Nature to throw off the disease to summon, as it were, the whole system to eject the en emy that has fastened on a part. His pro cesses all Included Ue reinvjgoration of the principle of H e." In this the Eastern sage merely anticipated the practice of the beat physicians of to-day. What life itself is nobody l- new then n .body knows now. But we have lKariwnl something of the reasons why th mysterious tiderses and falls. Frovited th pi eat organs of t'e b dy are not irreparably destroyed, medical science can always relieve and i f ten save if e -noieputable physician n.iv adheres to the barbarous and stupid procssest f depletion, such as bleeding, by whica it was attempcil o cure disease by reducing the patent's ability to resist it. Nov-a-days wo io not t ar down the fort to help the gairhon w.- streng li: n it. In this itite ligent aud benetido t Wi.rk, it is conceded that U li. K H'j TO. I : l-ad . all other medicines'. As an iimgorant it m is immediately and fower nUyuw ii the irei:la ti'in and the o-gaus of digestion, thin giving Nature the assistance she calls for. it follow s that all ailments of the stomxeh, kidneys Ml 1 liver are at once relieved or cured., fo other preparation embodies the tame riualU.-es or p -oduces similar results. It i deliu.oy to use and the best, knojvn anti-intoxicant. 1'iice SOc aud $L IHscox & Co., S ew York . It Ua Rest. blifritai: Courier. In all seriousnes1. there ssten timed much Grant's throat, his pulse, his temperature, his beef tea, hi3 lassi tude, his doctors, etc., a3 there ought to hi among a people of sovereigns, who ought to be ashamed of aping the llunkeyism we have long con demned as one of the evils of royalty. This propensity to magnify every trifling incident con nected with the complaints of a distinguished man i3 one of the most objectionable features of mod em society in this country, and leaves us nothing to reproach rovalty for in this respect. Let (Jen. Grant enjoy the f-ympathy of his countrymen as he deserves, but it would bea gracious relief to abreviated the daily bulletins trom his sick room, and not to keep those pesky doctors continually be fore the public by free advertising in the associated press dispatches. In the heart of Wvoming Territory is a mountain of solid hematite iron. with six hundred left of it above ground, more than a mil j v ide and over two miles in length; a bed or lignite coal b'g enough to warm the world foi ceutuiies; eight lakes of solidsoda, one of thein over six hundred acres in extent and not less than thirty feet in dpth, aud a petroleum basin which contains morn oil than Pennsylvania and West Virginia combined, from which in places the oil is oozing in na'urid wel:s at the rate of two bar rels a day. Is pronounced by scores of phy gicianS. and tilOllSanCiS 01 peopiB , - i . . 1 .r i x i i a Miti t r na tuu i lt-iv WHO ililVo uoeu. iif to wo Vnnwn TP-mPrtV for DebilitV. DvS n011 remedy ior JJeuuiiy, iy i. ' OT'T n TuWUir NorwtsnoRA tilO JJ-XlbOiUXXXllJl ".. w ' -, I - TA'n.ln.rial Fever and manv 0the ,. , . t a diseases wnere tonics are reqiureu differing essentially from all T, TinaP TnnA onrl TrmW ULllOl J-Hj&O. J.UUUO v.uiui .. - nnBi,t f thn X illi ftl-Citl lllimiHaiw. " Jnlce of tho finest lrenh boot by Baron Von, Lleb'g's process together wltb Iron, quinine, and roots and herbs known Ior their tonla ana health-giving properties; and affords bunding material for both nerve and muscle. An otialvsis by the eminent chemist, AB 'I'HttK niLTi HASSAXL, M.D., P.B.9., ot Lon Jon. Eng'and; and also an endorsement by th celebrated physician. Professor 81H raAsrrjj wilsos, f.h.s., ll.d., ot Lon don, are laboled on each bottle. It lias irrought svrh retnarkabls eurr of the ailments which afltict common JM". inanity lIMt c wnu.y ua iruiif - COLDEN'S Liquid Beef Tonlo. Sold fcy Iea(!i:i3 wholesale druggists anil retailed fcy druggists generally. ' Price. SI perlottle; 6 for $5., IS Kf-x UnrtAii OF . . HoroZicund and Tar . " For persons of all (ro. Gener- . f J j. ally known to bo A wokdehj-uI. curt iur vuiinKi.iu.i.rup. Ot!?? WhoopiiiR C',iUKh,Broncliiti8.nd Conumi!on. It banisht uonKusana rirosks up colas iiKa macic. civ-- l- rnotlierreme- i5239SSj Keep it in .-.-...ess. 'Of all t&iEPrif'f-.S tlniRKiPts ot ' "id 1 larireat, tQ1 35-! clicajMist. look outor imitations. PyTSS&'iSk Ilhc' Toothache Drop rrffi$lt Cure la uiie mlnnte. vF&Wi German Corn Remoter KUU Oonu Siii'ilM KjVi and iJuiitont. WHY WTLL ASY ONE BUFFER FROM CORW when they can pet a bottle oZ the "GEKMAJdi CORN REMO rtH"-a cartain au. painleeB rem. Bdy for both CornH and Bunions of any Unionist for 26 cents. Tuera are wortUietis imitationn Him- ilar in namo- Ke sure to pot tho "I.ERMAN CORN REMOVER" C. N. CRITTEKTOK, bo la roDrietor. 115 Fulton .itreut. Kuw Voriv. .NN'S SULPHUR SOAP IfPpOVS THE SK1K. He Best & rneajssL ' HILL'S Hair and Whisker DYE, Black, or BroTilt Sold by all drag. giala at 50c -a C N. OirrnrorroSi Pronriptor, IIS Fulton at-N.Y- y 6LEKN'S SULPHUR SOAP. V tv "The most effective external a j? remedy extant for the oure of N hKin LliseaKes and for Rr.jitit.ifv. inc the Complnxion. Cauiion. There are connter- lt-:-i3 CJltl'l-TiTKTnV nn Pflfth ntlrat1 Of drutrKistK, 25 cts.; 8 cakes, G0c., mr-iled on receipt of price, aud 3c. ex: ra per cake, by ii N. CililTTJCNTON. ProoV. 113 i1i Fulton St.. New York. -- For 15 years at yt Court Place, now at 322 Market Street, Tm jrojlia bet. Third and Fourth, UUlUU 1 Iladjiij Vfcularly educated s&d leTnlly qualifiej jihiticlaa and (ha . 1 ' BucetiAtuU as aia practice will prove. fliirea all fonasof PRIVATE, TRONIC and SEXUAL DlSi 1SES. . apormatorrliea and Iiipoteaoy, ....Mnlt nf r.lf..Ki... (n uith an..l .. ..... i t'jrcr jean, or othor cauei, uud p-oduclag aooic 0 f tbe tut- " lining cKeett: NervouiDed, 8emiual Kmudiooi, (oigM amis. .,..rn by drearoa). Diuiaesi of biira htfecliM Mtciory, Ytiy kl al Llccay, Ptru.ilea oo Face, Aversion tfi Socletf of Females, Coaruxloa of Ideas. Irfns of Bexual Pt.wr, 60.. rendering u:.rriage improper or unhappy, aro ttoraublv and perma. nn'Jj cared. SY1?HX1j IS f" iired and to- r.T-liStCdDf"'rattd J!,r'";: Goiiorrliea, CtIjEET, Stricture, tlrehltis. Hernia, (or Kujiturei; I'll js sna otnr prirte diseases quickly cured. It is s'lir-iTlilont that a phy sieian who pi special attentkn to a ecrtcia ol&ss of diseaai, rd treating tliousnnds atnu. ally, anqi.ircs irrcat skil.. PbyslcUns knowing this fact oftca rccoaimend fraons to my care. When it ii inconvenient ta visit the city for tresr-meut, medicines can bs Rtt Jprlvatdy and safely by mail or express anywheie. Curss Guaranteed all Cases undertaken. . Cousuluti'ns ponally or Vr letter free and lnrlteS. Charge reasonable and oi,rrespindence atrictlj TrrtfiilkntiaU Of M0 papta, sent to any addrefi, aecitreW anled, Ihr thirty" "'I cents. Should read bv aU. ddre ns above. l2ceboninuBai.tsaP. M. Sa&dara.ataas(. V fA.Jfai Jim nr rMmMmUf M Sarsaparilla Is a highly concentrated extract of . Sarsaparilla and other hlood-pnrifyinjr roots, combined irith Iodicla of I'otaa slnzn and Iron, and is the safest, most rell ablo, and most economical blood-purifier tb&t ' can be used. It invariably expels nil blood poisons from the system, enriches and renews the blood, and restores Its vitalizing power. It is tho best known remedy for Scrofula and all Scrofulous Complaints, Eryslp elas, Eczema, IUnsrvrorm, Elotches, - Sores, Boils, Tumors, and Eruptions of the Skin, as also for all disorders caused by a thin and impoverished, or corrupted condition of the blood, such as Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Bheumatlo Gout, General Debility, and Scrofulous Catarrh. j 4 Mammatori Rheumatism Cure! J "Ateb's SARaAPAEixt,A has cored me o the Inflammatory Khcamatism, with which I have suffered for many years. V. II. IIoobe." Durham, Ia, March 2, 1882 . v .) PBEFASED BY . s '" Dr. J.O.Ayer vs. Co., Lowell, Mass. Bold by all Drrjgists; ?1. six bottles for 00 fanwtneniiig I invigorating 1 Fattening gjWt ay rSa?U aSa tiSS MM'