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Fort Worth weekly gazette. (Fort Worth, Tex.) 1882-1891, February 03, 1888, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of North Texas; Denton, TX

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86088529/1888-02-03/ed-1/seq-1/

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Jtew ABlTB QlBa I
Mi and Fii
We Ihave decided to frabstitato toll
for the old plan of distributing free premi
ums by lot believing it will prove mori
satisfactory as it will benefit a greater
number This mites
which is acknowledged to be the
nomcmDor it is Only 1 a Ycri
s All Postmasters aro authorizsc
S fo fake Subscriptions to whom
eaLiberal Discount will bo allowed
In cheapening the price of Ths Webi
it Gazette it is the determination to im
prove in value to all classes of readero
Among its attractions will be
Serial Stones
bt rxMoua author
Talmages Sermons
in xach zssttk
Fashion and HousetioEilDeDlED
in zachissubj
Happenings in All Farts of the
DomooHo and Foreion Nows b
Thk Weekly Gazette will be made i
full and complete newspaper for all whe
have not time or inclination to pore ovei
the pages of a dally and the constant Bin
and resolve will be to add every ne
feature that increases the
to the reader
The desire is to put Thu Gazette ii
the hands of 50000 men during the next
twelve months and to tha accomplish
ment of this purpose tho price will b <
cheapened and
TIio Paper Improved
It Is confidently asserted that The Ga
zktte is made by this new departure tat
Jbest paper for the money pxintod In th <
sSWrifo for Free Sample CopyA
J Address
Fort Worths Tex
New York City Visited by One of the
Largest Conflagrations Recorded
for Months Past
large Business Houses With Their
Contents Destroyed The Loss Bo
tween Two and Five Millions
One Fireman Fatally and Btrernl Others
Seriously It Jared ManyNarrow Es
capes Detailed Losses
Big Blaxa In Mew York
Nkw York Jan SO One of the largest
fires that has occurred in this city for
many months broke out in the store of
Henry Bogers Co S9i Broadway early
this morning It extended and destroyed
fire adjoining stores The property oc
cupies the west side of Broadway be
tween Prince and Spring streets and ex
tends through to Mercer street
No 534 where the Are originated was
a Ave story iron front double building
occupied by Henry Rogers Co deal rs
in fancy goods Weed Nelson Co
fancy trimmings C A Yost clothing
Malcomon Co boys clothing
No 545 was ojenpted by Robertson
Kenffman dealers in trimmings F K
Wilson Son importers of lares Stern
Felke Co boys clothing M Kaemp
fer manufacturer of waists
No 517 a five story brick building
iron front was occupied by T Banch
Co importers of flowers
No 55S has occupied by Louis Metz
gcr Importer of millinery trimmings
Jaikowaski Ernst importers of cloth
and atitcbell Rlcard clothing No 555
Is a flveBtory brick front occnpled by
R Isaacs Bro dealers in Japanese
goods Samuel Lowensteln dealer in
neckwear Schwak Son importers of
fancy goods
Nos 557 and 559 were a large donble
iron front occupied by Henry Newman
cotton goods L L Llpmon Sons
clothing C C Carpenter stork of crino
Nos 561 and 563 a double iron front
was occupied by Stiner tiihu Co
novelties and swlss goods The smoke
and water ruined their heavy stock worth
75000 and insured
Gatthold Cohat and bonnet framers
T L Barber Sons straw goods and
the Holland Manufacturing Company
spool silks whose factory is in Wlllt
mantic Conn also suffered heavily as
did J R Leever Co importers of
linen thread
Jerskowski Ernsts loss Is 560000
with no insurance
Tho flames spread with astonishing
rapidity alter once breaking out and sev
eral accidents occurred
About540 President Parrsy of the Are
commissioners and several firemen were
standing on the roofs cf 519 and 551 when
the walls were felt to tremble An order
to retreat was given and all rushed for
No 553 Several of the men ware bruised
by the falling walls
Mike Kelly fell and was eeverely in
Fireman Sheridan jumped from the
burning roof and parts of the wall
tumbled on him Two of bis men pulled
him out from the debris He was taken
to the hospital with a badly injured chest
and some broken ribs He may die
The walls of 519 and 551 fell The
ruins covered Broadway and travel was
stopped for several blocks The Are in
surance adjusters say that the loss will
reach 1500000 The stock in eight
buildings was totally destroyed
Fireman Beilly died at noon from his
Veit Sons estimate their loss at 300
000 Insurance 3150000
The stock of Malcomson Co also of
Charles A Yost Co was entirely de
stroyed The buildings destroyed were
valued at halt a million The damage to
stocks lsjnow estimated atover 1000000
The buildings destroyed and damaged
and thel owners are
512 Broadway Samuel Inslee of Cal
houn Bobbins Co owners 200000
517 John Hinahoney 150000
519 and 551 Henry Sibley of Rochester
558 Beckham Tate 155 000
555 John J Aston 150000
557 and 559 C E DstnOld 500000
5GL and 5G3 Henry Sibley 200000
The above Includes the loss on con
tents TM3is the third time wlthlnthree
years that Rochester Co have been at
tacked by fle
The Evening World estimates the loss
at between 1000000 and 0000000
At B G Dun Co s mercantile agency
the losses on the stock of the following
Arms are estimated as follows
B Isaacs Co Japanese goods worth
between 300000 and 103000
Mitchell Pickard stock 25000
Jerkowbkt Ernst 90000
Stela Falk Co clothing carried a
stock of 150000
Robertson KauSman 150000
Charles Yost Co clothing loss 50
Malcolmson Co boys clothing
stock estimated at 150000
Steiner Kuhn Co 75000
H Bacharch Co artificial flowers
carried a stock of 50000
The losses of these firms are estimated
to range all the way from 25000 to
Ed Beeves Pleads Guilty to Participating In
theFlatonla and McNiel BabDerles
Special to the Gazette
San Antonio Tex Jan 30 Ed
Beeves on preliminary examination be
fore United States Commissioner Steven
son this morning pleaded guilty to partic
ipating in the Flatonia and McNlel rob
beries and was bound over in 5000 bond
to appear for trial at the next February
term of the United States court to be
held at Austin He failed to give the
bond and will be held in jail here Beeves
was arrested in Johnson county several
weeks ego by a large sheilas posse from
whom he attempted to escape and his
body was riddled with bullets Fearful
of efforts being made by friends to rescue
him from the Johnson county jail the
sheriff on last Saturday determined to
bring him to this city for safe keeping
During the day rumors reached the
Sheriffs ears that a large party
of Beeves friends would attack
and rob the train bearing him to
San Antonio and also releaseblm To be
fully prepared tog repel the attacK the
Sheriff summoned forty depnties armed
them with revolvers and Winchesters and
chartered a special car for the convey
ance of Beeves to this Hiv With the
the train was unmolested
powerful guard
on the way to San Antonio arriving here
at 2 oclock Sunday morning and the
prisoner was lodged In jail strongly
ironed Beeves is one of the most des
perate men of the southwest He is
about thirty vears old six feet one inch
high and weighs nearly 200 pounds He
is SDlendidly proportioned has light hair
blue eyes and an unusually high forehead
He boldly asserts that he will escape or
be killed in the attempt before going to
the penitentiary The officers believe
that what he says is true and conse
quently a strong guard is kept over him
nlgit and day
ExGovernor Warmonth Accepts the Nom
ination and Will Blake a Thorough Can
New Orleans La Jan 30 The
TimesDemocrat this morning publishes
an interview with exGovernor Wannouth
in which he states that he has decided to
accept the Republican nomination for
Governor and that he will make a thor
ough canvass of the state and use every
effort to have a full Republican vote
polled He believes that with a free bal
lot and fair count the Republican ticket
will be elected The Governor said fur
ther that they did not propose to stand
any counting outbuslness
It is understood that the Bepublican
state central committee will place Major
Andrew Hero on the ticket in the place of
Mr Minor and that H Bonzino will be
named as the candidate lor State Treas
Orazid by the Use of Opiates and Strong
Special to the Qzotte
Paris Tex Jan 30 Dr Leo Harri
son who a few years back was a promi
nent physician of this city has lately
become demented through the excessive
use of strong drink caused by the
habitual use of opiates contracted during
a low spell of sickness in which spirits of
various kinds were administered He
has gradually grown worse and this
morning he became unmanageable and at
tempted to kill his own brother hence it
was deemed necessary to cor fine him
He was placed in the county jail where
he will remain until better arrangements
are made for him lie has a large ac
quaintance and is universally loved and
before his afilction he stood high in his
profession The scene of forcing him In
j ill so much against his will was very
affecting and was made more so by his
struggles and pleading not to be incar
The Governors or Two States will Send
Trocpx to Qoell a B > w
Charleston W Va Jan 30 Gov
ernor Wilson received information today
that a mass meeting of the people of
Logan county this state had passed reso
lutions declaring that a combination of
armed uien from Kentucky this Is the
HatfleldMcCoy vendetta too powerlul
to be suppressed by the civil authorities
has invaded West Virginia territory and
calling upon the Governors of Kentucky
and this state to send troops of their re
spective states to the border Governor
Wilson ordered sixty armed militia the
Auburn and Gofi Guards of the state to
report in this city tonight for further
orders Governor Wilson today re
quested the Governor of Kentucky to send
soldiers to the front from his state The
Cimden and Clement Gnards today
tendered their services to aid In sup
pressing the border war
The Question of its Lease now Before tho
Tahlequah I T Jan 30 The iues
tlon of leasing the Cherokee strip which
embraces six million acres of the best
grazing lands in the southwest Is now
before the Council The strip has been
in the possession of the Kansas Cattle
Association for the last five years at a
rental of 100000 a year The same syn
dicate now offers 125000 per annum for
a Ave years lease A bill to authorize a
lease at this figure was introduced in the
Senate and supported by Chief Mayes
who suggested that the lands should be
advertised and knocked down to the high
est bidder The Senate refused to listen
to the Chiefs suggestion and passed a
bill in favor of the Kansas syndicate
The bill went to the House Saturday A
long wrangle took place and it was
finally defeated by a vote of 19 to 18 It
is now asserted th a the syndicate will
offer 150000 and avjblll incorporating
this offer will be Introduced shortly
Unequalled Dr Sages Catarrh
A Wisconsin Woman who Wanted to Voto
In a Municipal Election
Madison Wis Jan 31 The Woman
Suffragists of Wisconsin were defeated in
the Supreme court today the court hold
ing in an elaborate opinion that the Leg
islature of 1885 did not tor a moment
contemplate extending the same suffrage
to females which males enjoyed but on
the other hand meant to restrict female
voting to school matters only as specified
in the law The cause was that of Oiymp
la Biown Willis of Btcine against A
L Phillips and others Inspectors of elec
tion of the Second ward of the city of
Btclne who at the last spring election
refused to receive the vote cf Miss Willis
for mayor city clerk comptroller alder
men and supervisors or permit her to
swear it in Miss Willis claimed such
right under chapter 211 of the laws of
1885 and Immediately sued the inspec
tors for 5000 damages She won her
suit in the Circuit court for Racine coun
ty when the inspectors appealed to the
Supreme court which today reversed
the decision of the lower court and held
as above noted
The Bill for the LeBsln of the Cherokee
Strip raises Both Houses
Tahlequah I T Jan 31 The
Cherokee Council Is still in session and
the appropriations for the various de
partments of the government still hang
fire The vote taken in the House last
night was favorable to the lease of the
Cherokee strip for 125000 per annum
This was passed by the Senate Saturday
and now awaits tho signature of Chief
Mayes who is favorable to the bUl The
Cherokee Live Stock Association which
now has the Strip were the stressful
The Worst Weather Ever Known in
New Hampshire Blockaded
Trains Without Fuel and Water
Passenger Trains In New York State
Abandonded or Running Wild
Great Suffering Among Travelers
Many Drifts to the Depth of Forty Feet Be
potted The Situation In Pennsylvania
as Bad ns in Hew York
Worst Weather ver Known
Plymouth N H Jan 27 The
weather here Is the worst ever known
eighteen inches of snow fell during the
past twentyfour hours and the thermom
eter is C below zero with the wind blow
ing a hurricane Seven trains are
blockaded between Warren Summit and
Ashland and some are without fuel and
Down to Zero in New York
Albany N Y Jan 27 This morning
finds the storm cleared away and the sky
as blue as on a summer day The ther
mometer is about zsro and a strong wind
makes the cold intense The railroads
arc in even a worse condition than they
were yesterday No trains whatever are
being moved on the Delaware and Hud
son Railroad The tracks west of here
are all blocked and trains from New York
and Boston aro being moved with the
greatest difficulty No freight trains are
being run in any direction
All ald Oat
trains on the Erie road are laid out at
points east and west of this city Only
one train has arrived from New York in
thirty hours and there is small chance
o another getting through before night
The snow has drifted badly in all direc
tionsand the trains are cither abandoned
or running wild
Boads Abandoned
Bzading Pa Jan 27 In Berks
Lebanon Schuylkill and Lehigh counties
snow has drifted so that the public roads
have been abandoned Farmers are turn
ing out in bands of from thirty to 109 to
open the roads
All Freights Abandoned
Harrishurg Pa Jan 27 Travel on
the railroads centering In this city has
been greatly impeded by great snow
banks that obstruct the tracks The Cum
berland Valley Boad has abandoned all
freight trains and is directing its atten
tion to the running of passenger trains
Two or three locomotives are attached to
each train
Travel Groatly Delayed
Lancaster Pa Jan 27 Billroad
travel In this vicinity Is greatly delayed
by the heavy snow drifts On the Fred
erick division of the Pennsylvania Ball
road travel has almost entirely ceased and
today workmen are engaged at the little
town digging a passenger train out of a
snow drift Between this city and Colum
bia three freight trains were Bnow bound
this morning The Beading and Colum
bia Ballrosd Is completely blocked
Battering In Elatsachaietts
Fittsfikltj Mass Jan 27 FlveloEg
passenger trains on the Boston and Al
bany road aro snow bound here awaiting
news of the opening of the road before
proceeding further The fast St Lguia
express spent last night in a snow drift
near Washington cut There were over
100 passengers oa board but notwith
standing the fact that the thermometer
marked ten degrees below zro they did
not suffer from the cold
The fast mall which left Boston last
night for the west spent the night in a
drift one mile from Hillsdale The pas
sengers suffered greatly from the cold
and many ladle3 were prostrated A
number of children were badlv frost
bitten They could obtain but little to
eat but the country drug stores supplied
the passengers with brandy
Three engines with a snow > low were
stuck in a drift near Richmond furnace
Freight trains covering over a mile of
track are snowed in near Shakers and
much perishable goods wlli be lost
In many places the snow has drifted to
the depth of forty feet A passenger
train that can go two miles an hour is
considered to be making good time
Trains Stalled
Boston Mas3 Jan 27 Reports from
various points In New England show all
railroadsf suffering much trouble owing
to the snow drift At StJohntmry
the storm wastthe severest ever known
the wind blowing a gale The railway
was blocked and a snow plow and four en
gines were stalled at Danville The drift
was onehalf mile long A passenger
train from Keen was stalled near Nashua
Bonds Blocked
Bklvtderk N J Jan 27 The severe
snow storm of Wednesday and Thursday
blockaded the roads all through Warren
and Sussex counties Several persons
went astray and it was with great Iffl
culty they were rescued
a Perceptible Earthquake Felt In Majlt
cbnsetts and Baodo Island
New Bedford Mass Jan 30 A per
ceptible earthquake shock was felt in
Falrhaven shortly after midnight It was
felt at different points on the cape at Lit
tle Compton B I The shock was felt at
1210 am
Providence B I Jan 30 Hope
VaUey R I reports an earthquake
shock at 1210 this morning Shocks ate
also reported from various parts of the
Tho Horrible Means by Which They Soneht
to Intimidate Their Victim
Little Rock Are Jan 30 In the
Klmish mountains Indian Territory
early on Saturday morning five masked
men called at the house of Reuben Wil
liamson a wealthy cattleman living about
six miles from Spring Station and called
him out He wss then seized and
bound The party then entered the
hOUEeandaroBsing Mrs Williamson de
manded to be shown where the money
was concealed Williamson had early
in the week returned from Kansas City
where he had sold about 10000 worth
of live stock and the cash was supposed
to be in the house Failing In their
efforts to get either Willsamson or his
wife to tell where the money was they
tied Mrs Williamson in a chair took her
husband and after building
a fire in the stove held his bare hands on
the heated metal After he was rendered
unconscious Mrs Williamson told the
outlaws that all the money but 500 had
been deposited in the Merchants Bank
Kansas City She turned over the deposit
check and the cash on hand after which
they left Williamsons injuries are
thought to be fatal as he Is nearly slxty
flre years old and the shock to his sys
tem is very great The settlers and
ranchers In the neighborhood were soon
aroused and a strong party ore on the
trail of the flying outlaws who have
taken refuge in the mountains It is
hardly likely they will escape and if
captured they will certainly be lynched
i State Convention to Meet at Waco
April 25
Special to the Gazette
Waco Tex Jen 31 The following
call for a state convention of the Prohibi
tion party will oppear in this weeks
Waco Advance
To tho Prohibitionists of Texas
A state convention of the Prohibition
party Is hereby called to meet at Waco
Tex Wednesday April 251888 for the
purpose of nominating a state Prohibi
tion ticket and soliciting delegates to at
tend the national Prohibition con
vention which meets at Indianap
olis Ind June 6 1SS8 For the
purpose of insuring a full repre
sentation from all parts of the state It is
recommended that the Prohibitionists of
every county in the state meet at their
respective county seats on Saturday
March 31 to select delegates to the stae
convention In the meantime the Pro
htbitlonlsts of every precinct in the state
are earnestly urged to meet at once and
organize into Prohibition clubs so that
their county conventions will be largely
attended Every local temperance or
sanizatlon In tho state of whatever
name that Is in sympathy with the Pro
hibition party is requested to send rep
resentatives to the state convention In
the event there are counties
in which no conventions are
held individual Prohibition
ists from theoe counties will be re cog
nized as accredited delegates Every
citizen of Texas who believes in the an
nihilation of the liquor Unfile and that
this question must be settled and settled
right and who is more of a patriot than a
partisan Is Invited to cooperate with us
In perlecticg our state organizitlon
The Democratic party which nas admin
isteied our state government for slmost
a score of years is the political tree on
which this saloon fruit has grown We of
the Prohibition party do not believe that
a saloon tree will ever bring forth prohi
bition fruit hence the endeavor to change
the fruit by putting the administration of
the government into the hands of a party
which was born as a ptottst against the
unholy union jof alcohol and the state
Let every Prohibitionist in Texas man
and woman go to work to make our state
convention a success and 1888 a banner
year for the Prohibition patty in the state
and nation J B Cranfill
Chairman State Executive Committee of
the Prohibition Party
J E BoYNiotf Secretary
How the Snprcme Gonrt of California
Treated the Dtclston of the Lower
San Francisco Cal Jan 31 The
Supreme court today rendered its de
cision in the celebrated Sharon divorce
case in which the lower court granted to
Sarah Athlea Sharon s divorce from the
late United States Senator William
Sharon and allowed alimony and a large
amount of money as counsel fees The
Supreme court tfllrms the decision ol
the lower court but reverses the order
relating to counsel fees The amount of
connsclfees allowed was 55000 and
the amount of alimony was 7500 and an
annual allowance of 2500 Toe Supreme
court Axed the olimouy at 1500 and an
nual allowance of 500 Three of the
seven Supreme judges filed dissentiac
opinions finding that Sharon and Sarah
Athlea were never legally married
A Young Man who Tried the Brlgham
Yonnx Act In a Small Way
Fergus Falls Minn Jan 30 John
Wilkins and one of his six wives who were
arrested at Scambler Sunday arrived here
this morning from Pelican Riplds en
route to St Paul in charge of detectives
Wllklns is the son of a director of the
Standard Oil Company of Cleveland and
it was recently discovered that he had
married six women in St Paul and other
cities during the last year andwas living
with all of them at the same time and
for months his many wives eoch rested
and trusted in his suoposed undivided
love His career was cut short however
b the discovery of his crimes last week
since which time detectives have been
searching for him
Extract from His letter DrcllnlsR to
dress the Mississippi legislature
Jackson Jttiss Jan 31 Jefferson
Davis writing to the Senate and House
of Representatives declining their invita
tion to address them says It would
give me great pleasure to meet the rep
resentatives of the people I have eerved
so long and loved so much Its reason
able to suppose that the time is Lear at
hand when I shall ge hence forever and
would be glad personally to know the
men of the present generation to whom
the destiny of Mississippi is to be con
fided Mlsslsslpplans from the time of
her territorial existence have borno an
honorable part in the affairs of the coun
try and have shrunk lrom no sacrifices
which patriotism has demanded Bear
ing testimony as one who comes down to
you from the past age I can applaud the
chivalry and Integrity of old Mississippi
and my heartiest wish is thather future
may be worthy of her past jff
Negligekce es S e thief If you
neglectto keep y8rs St well pain will
steal over you like afi ief in the night
Use Warners Log pirJlji Extract extern
ally and internal
that1 burglar
audltou wiU keep out
The Diffusion Procsss Minutely De
scribedIt Will Undoubtedly
Do Awav with Mills
A Great Opening over the Entire
South Both More Profitable and
Certain than Cotton Raising
All the Sugar Consumed in ths United
States 0n be lialstd at Homj it Pro
tected by the Present Tarin
Special to tbc Gnzette
San Antosio Tkx Jan 31 I think
there Is a great flald In Texas for sugar
making and since the process has now
become an established fact a very grand
future for farmers said Colonel Ed H
Cunningham the sugtr planter to a re
porter The gentlemans remark had
reference to sugar making from sorghum
by what Is populaily known as the War
month experiment
Last October continued the Colonel
I visited For Scott and there saw sugar
made from eonrbum and twice sicca that
time I have been to Magnolia Governor
Warmouths plantation in Louisiana
where he experimented so successfuUy
Here I saw tropical cane used
You want to know something about
the modus operandi of tec diffusion pro
cess Well
as I witnessed it at Fort Scott was briv 11
as follows The cane Is flmt brought In
from the fields with the fodder and tops
all on It and it Is passed through an
ordinary cutter and cut into pieces prob
ably an inch or an inch and a half long
It is then taken up by a drag and
dropped into a series of fans fans
similar to the fans used
in the threshing and cleaning
of grain This blows off all the leaf and
hull that binds very close to the sorghum
which has always been very difficult to
get rid of
and which Is all deleterious to the juice
The operation settles this leaf
bull and everything It is then
carried up another Incline and there it I
passed ever a set of knives and micerat
ors k Ives that cut nd macerate at thi
same time This brings the sogbura in
condition for binsf placed In the diffu
sion c Is This Is a batery confuting
of c > > somn twelve In number ar
rangtd m a single lice After
these cells are filled with sorghum
of course water is added Steam and
water pressure Is then applied and the
juices are conveyed from one cell to an
By a continuance of this process only
about threefourths of 1 per cent Is all
that Is left of the saccharine matter In the
chips or bsgasse of sorghum In a bat
tery of twelve cells after they ore once
filled a cell will be emptied every ten
minutes making about two hours to com
plete the diffusion This juico Is then
taken and treated similarly to regular
cane juice that is stripped cane ueins
boiled In a vacuum first boiling and then
being placed in the double effect whicn
is two large pans eimllar to the vacuum
pans having a
From the douole effect it is passed into
the vacuum pan and Is then cranulated
Into sugar Tnis diffusion battery will
undoubtedly do away with mills Under
the mill process the best extraction that
nas ever been gotten from sorghum wasj
fifty five pounds to the ton but under the
diffusion pro ess they succeed la
getting as high as 125 pounds
The average proportion in the
crop is 100 pounds of sugar and abont fif
teen gallons of molasses to the ton of
cane It will of course take some time
to Introduce generally the process be
cause the amount of skillen labor neces
s ry to operate it
It has been tried In Kansas for some
time past but last year was the first suc
cessful one In Kansas this year there
will be ten or twelve factories established
and running
Do you intend to adopt this method
on your plantation interrogated the
Yes I propose to plant 800 or 1000
acres In sorgbnm which I intend to dif
fuse by the process adopted In Fort
Scott I shall have my battery ready to
commence operations in Jane I have
creat faith in It and think there is a great
opening over tho entire south for sor
ghum It would be a crop that is
and I think we ought to obtain as much
sugar from it as they do in Kansas if not
more to the ton end then in all of our
country located south of a
latltuce of Northern Texas
I think we can develop
and save two crops a year averaging
probably from 1000 to 1503 pounds of
sugar to tho acre from each crop Then
in the country north of that latitude be
tween a line from Northern Kentucky and
West Virginia I think they can savo
successfully and my Impression is that if
the tariff duties are not inteifered with
that in Ave or six years the sorghum belt
of country in connection with the tropical
country will be supplying all
the sugars the United States
would consume and these 150000 000
now being paid lor foreign scgats will oil
be kept at home I think it will place the
whole of the agricultural portion of our
country in a more prosperous and a bet
ter financial condition than they have
ever been They can plant less cotton
aud get their money earlier from sugar
than they could from cotton and by hav
of course It will make it mure certain
that the farmer wUl make money The
sorghum plant is a very hardy one and
thrives well especially in countries more
or lees subject to drouth There
Is no plant I know of now
cultivated that will stand the drouth that
sorghum will Of course in the event of
the sugar industry InTexi3 becoming
general the success of it would require
capital so these sugar refineries or fac
tories would have to be worked
as It were by the farmers taking stock in
them or by outside parties becoming
stockholders and then buylrg the cane
from the farmers by the ton paying for it
In so much sugar or in money just as
they may contrast
Would sugar making be more profit
able and safer to cultivate than cotton in
your opinionquestionedthe press man
It will always be more prciltMjle an
certain than cotton Of course I dont
suppose it would take the place of cot
ton entirely but would be a powerful
auxiliary to the farmer in helping him to
diversify his crop3 Sorghum nitherto
I thick one man could cultivate very
readily twentyfive to thirty acres r
sorghum as it would be easy work with
the improved agricultural implements
now In use such as cotton cultivators
Patting the yield at 150 pounds
to a ton in this country
where two crops a year can
be raised aud ten tons to the acre it
would be 15 for the first crop and the
same for the second Then again tho
selling of the teed and fodder woud pay
for the work as It now eoes for ordinary
feed just competing with corn They
raise twentyfive to thirty bushels an
acre each crop and one bushel of sor
ghum seed is equr1 to a bushel of corn
The byproducts of sorghum too ore
very valuable There Is no question but
that the pulp which results will
make fine paper and can be prepared to
bear shipment The profits orisirg
from the cultivation of sorghum for sugar
are undoubtedly great and In Kansas the
farmers are perfectly wild Although
they are only getting one crop a year
they get 2 a tan for the cane that goes
to the factory and then there is the seed
and fodder They claim they make more
money than
and are all anxious to contribute to put
in sorghum for next year
Are there any patents en the diffu
sion process
No tthe diffusion process has been
applied for some years to beet
sugars and in Demorara it is used
successfully on tropical cane
The sorghum experiment has been mide
under the supervision of Professor Wiley
chief chemist of the Agricultural Depart
ment at Washington and it has been at
tended with entire success beyond the
expectation of every one
In the event of a reduction cf the
tariff would that naturally affect the
success as a profitable undertaking
Undoubtedly I think any modifica
tion of the tariff would have
on sorghum It will have the effect of
keeping apitallsts from taking hold of
it This continued meddling of the
tariff has retarded Texas for
the past eight or ten
years especially in the development
of sugar Capitalists were loth to take
hold cf it for they did not know when the
tariff might be removed If the tariff la
allowed to remain I have no doubt that
sorghum and sugar making wiU become
grand factor of prosperity in Texas I
think that tnis prospect for the making of
sugar from sorghum ought to make every
farmer In the country
It will be largely to the interest of every
one to make our own sugars that we
may keep the money at home without
sending it to for ign conntri ir < su
As any modification of the tlES LA
would menace the future s
cf sorghum I think it Incumbent
agricultural community and the Wj 1
generally to exercise pressure a > r < KemenjDa
legislators and it would be a politicTlteft
for Congressmen to Eeo If they had not
better mend their fences In the sorghum
districts I think every farmer in the
on the subject of protection and be ener
getic in getting proper leLlsl ition on the
matter to protect his inti rejts It will
afford me pleasure af ter I have tried the
experiment on my plantation to give
the farmers the advantage of
my experience I have a first
class chemist to supervise the
taking off of the crop and he will make
numerous analyses of the different varie
ties cf cane to ascertain from which the
best results are to be obtained so that in
future we can go at it intelligently
A Million and a Halt of Property Being
Slowly Oronnd to Pisces
St Louis Mo Jan 31 The Ice
gorge which has formed In the Missis
sippi river in front of this city began to
move at midnight last night and drifted
down stream about 300 yards liitlQR
two steamers out of the water slightly
Injuring them when the immense weight
was checked and remained intact till 10
oclock this morning when the January
thaw loosened the great mass and it
slowly crashed down upon nearly 1500
000 worth of propeity which it Is now
slowly grinding into rums The gorge
has been forminr ten days and every
meass has been taken to dislodge it but
in vain Great cakes fifteen to eighteen
laches thick have pUed upon each other
forming a solid mass from bank to bank
several hundred yards deep and from
eichteen to twenty feet thick The mild
weather has rotted only the upper layer
and beneath is t flinty mass et blue ice
ready to grind the many steamboats and
barges that are tied close in shore
Already several barges have been sunk
and the steamers Lowrie Mattie Bel
and Hayes have been sunk Toe Hayes is
a large excursion steamer property of
the Anchor Line It is a total wreck is
probably bn ken in two and stove in She
lies near the land with oily her upper
deck visible She is a sidewheeler val
ued at 80000 The Mattie Bell is owned
by the Illinois River Company She was
a fine large freight boat The Lowrie
was a ferry boat The steamer City of
Monroe snapped her lines at noon and la
a wreck Captain Mason and Mr Sec
berger were badly Injured At noon the
gorge had etopped running and there Is
little chance for the thousands of dollars
worth of property still below the gorge
Great Loss of Life Btporttd From he Far
WiNNErsG Man Jan 31 The latest
reports from the mountains indicate that
there has been great loss of life on the
Canadian Pacific owing to snow slides
Passengers coming on the trains from
Calgary bring meagTe psrtlculars of the
disaster A strong Chlnboke wind has
been prevailing for the past week pnd all
along the lice frsm Donald to Glacier
snow has been coming down on tho track
in tremendous qcantltles
Near Pializer station several nrn were
caught in a slide only one of whom wa3
dug out alive anu he is so badly bruised
that he 13 not expected to recover Tfcft
mild weather has put an effectual stop to
all through Canadlal Pacific trains and ns
the mountain streams are cossiderab
swollen it may be some time before tr
is resumed

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