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Fort Worth weekly gazette. (Fort Worth, Tex.) 1882-1891, December 14, 1888, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of North Texas; Denton, TX

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86088529/1888-12-14/ed-1/seq-1/

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The History of The Gazette is the Histoty of Fort Worth for the
Twain Are One
Few newspapers attain prominence or
power without passing through many vi
cissitudes ami encountering many obsta
cles The history of most of the great
journals of the country is the history of
haul work and patient endeavor upon the
part of those who made them great and
all too often the history of ruin and de
spair The cause for this is found in the
fact that your true newspaper man is too
enterprising for his surroundings He
triei us the prints are wont to ex
press it to run a nonpareil paper in a
Mimll pica town The result is year
of hard work with poor returns and
frequently the necessity of letting go just
as the boom is coming which ena
bles some other to reap what the pio
neer has sown Some newspapers have
Fprung into existence full panoplied
like Minerva from the brain of Jupiter
but newspaper growth usually has been
riow first a weekly with a few hundred
pounds of long primer and a Washington
hand press then a small daily turned off
by hand on a country Campbell a grow
Fort Worth was not yet ready for a paper
such as Editor Paddock published a d
after a hard brave struggle lor a few
years the daily edition was suspended
It was only allowed to lie dormant a few
months however and early in IStSI it
was revived in the form of a fourcolumn
folio and the announcement made that
it would be enlarged and improved as
business justified It grew in popularity
and soon increased in size The Associ
ated Press report was printed and a spe
cial service created In a short time in
stead of a four it was an eightcolumn
sheet During the suspension of the
Democrat a daily called the Advance
had been started The two papers were
soon consolidated and the DemocratAd
vance was the only morning daily iu Fort
In August 1SS2 the Sloek Journal Pub
lishing Company with George B Loving
as manager purchased the Democrat
Advance and changing the name to Fort
Worth Daily Gazeite increased the
plant multiplied the editorial force
added to the list of correspondents built
Ing circulation demands faster printing
and n double cyilinder Iloe is purchased
and finally increased advertising patron
age and the demands of readers require
more space and trains departing at
an early hour make increased facilities
for rapid printing a necessity and then
come smaller type and a perfecting
press which prints all the pages
of the paper nt one time and turns them
out at the rate of many thousands an
hour At lirst an editor a compositor
and u detil do all the regular work
while hereami thorn a voluntary corre
spondent sends in the items which he
can find ami manufacture iu his
neighborhood at last a business mana
ger with clerks bookkeepers and assist
ants runs the counting room the edito
rial and news matter is prepared by editors
and correspondents counted by hundreds
and set up by compositors numbered by
the score Such has been the history of
the Fort Worth Gazei n
In October 171 Messrs K M Van
Zaudt Sam Kvans W II Overton and
John Hauua bought a small plant and
rounded the Fort Worth Democrat a
weekly paper of which J W Cleveland
a country school teacher was made edi
tor Early in 1872 John D Templeton
became editor of the paper continuing
In that capacity uutil January 11S73
when B 1 Paddock who had purchased
the whole outfit assumed entire control
The Democrat had been established by
public spirited men for the public good
md Captain Paddock did not let it falter
In the good work for which it was or
ia ined Early and late fromoneyears
end to another iu season and out of sea
ion it labored for the upbuilding and
general prosperity of Fort Worth The
Weekly Demoorat was continued with
luccess up to July 187G when it was
converted hito u morning daily But
up the special service and prepared to
give Fort Worth such a newspaper as had
never been published in the city Shortly
afterward the name of the company was
changed to the Loving Publishing Com
pany but the paper remained iu the
same hands In 1883 another change
was made and the Fort Worth Publish
ing Company become owners of Tih Ga
zette In 1SS4 the paper was sold to
George B Loving and early iu 135 lie
sold it to The Gnette Printing Company
Under this ownership it was run until
August 15 1S85 at which time owing
to numerous complications the paper
was suspended As soon as The Gazette
suspended a number of enterprising
gentlemen formed a company under the
name of the Democrat Publishing Com
pany r obtained a charter and began Vthe
publication of the Fort Worth Daily
Democrat Mr Loving however only
allowed the Tin Gazette property to lie
idle for two weeks and on September 1
the paper was started up again
Ten days later Thk Gazette
plant books franchises and good will
were purchased by the Democrat Pub
lishing Company and on September 12 it
took charge with the announcement that
next day the paper would appear as the
DeinoeiatGazette During the day
however the plan was changed and the
old name Fort Worth Daily Gazette
was adopted instead of the hyphenated
uvnnr the new beat
With the new compauy The Gazette
took on new life The newspaper busi
ness was very lively in North Texas dur
ing the latter part of 18S5 and the first
part of 1881 The Dallas News was es
tablished and the old Dallas Herald made
a spurt for life Then the Herald went
down and the field was left to The Ga
zette uud the News The Gazette set
the pace As it had been the first paper
in Texas to print an eightpage paper
every day so it was the first to add spe
cial features to the Sunday edition It
ran up to twelve pages on Sunday then to
sixteen and finally on Sunday
March C 1885 a twentypage edition
was printed A serial story feature was
added articles from special writers were
presented and the Sunday Gazette be
came the paper par excellence of the
Southwest Of course all this cost
money but no newspaper was ever built
up in the face of strong opposition with
out money So it was with the Ga
zette It cost money to put it on a solid
basis but the enterprising men who
backed it had faith in their undertaking
they neither stopped nor faltered and
the foundation was laid broad and deep
and strong in the minds and hearts of the
people Tiie policy pursued by the Dem
ocrat Publishing Company has been pro
ductive of the best results and the paper
from being a charge on its owners has
been made as solid financially as it has
ever been popular In 1S87 it cleared a
large percentage on its capital stock and
from that time it has gone on from
strength to strength conquering and to
Witli the growth and ptosperity of The
Gazette came the necessity for incieised
facilities The old hand press hud been
superseded by a country CumiibVll turn
ed by hand steam was afterwards intro
duced and finally a fast doublecylinder
Hoe had been procured From a small
oneroom establishment it had branched
out until it filled two stoiies of a large
house on Second street But a
faster press more room and a
new dress were needed and so in the
spring of 188S the stock was increased and
enough money added to the accumulated
earnings of the paper to buy a perfecting
press an entire new dress and all the
lacilities needed for publishing a first
class morning newspaper in the nost ap
proved modern style A contiact was
made with General J M Peers by which
a building was erected and arranged es
pecially for The Gazette divided into
rooms and office to suit and fitted and
furnished with all the modern conven
And now on the 9th day of December
1888 with a smiling and happy face
dressed in an entire new wardiobe iu
new and attractive form enlarged and
beautified but still the same old newsy
warmhearted and cleanminded news
paper as of old Tin Gazette greets old
friends and new with renewed assurances
of that faithfulness for the future which
it has maintained in the past Offices
northwest corner Busk and Fifth streets
business department down stairs edito
rial rooms on second lloor
The Gazette building is located at the
corner of Busk and Fifth streets covers
an area of 2 ix > feet and is three stories
high In addition to this The Gazetie
occupies some additional space in an ad
joining building The first lloor of The
Gaeite building is divided into two
rooms one facing Rusk street being used
for a counting room This is litted
and furnished in comfortable and
convenient style for the business mana
ager and his corps of assistants who aid
him iu attending to the wnnts of adver
tisers and other patrons from whom are
gathered the sinews of newspaper war
fare In the rear pait of the first lloor
is the press room of which more anon
The second lloor is divided up into edito
rial rooms of which there are live and
a stereotyping room On the thud lloor
is the composing room
This building was designed and con
structed especially for a newspaper
office mul it is well regulated coiiveu
ieutly litted and furnished and is un
doubtedly the most convenient and best
appointed newspaper building in Texas
If the reader is interested in learning how
a newspaper is made and will place him
self or if it be herself all the
better under the guidance of the
writei ho shall be taken all through the
establishment and a trip through ought
to make him a pretty good journalist
We go to the business office first for it
is the foundation upon whiclC the whole
superstructure must rest No matter
how gifted the editorial writers how
keen sccnteft tiie reporters or how
graphic the correspondents if the linaii
cial policy of thepapcr ho not sound it
cannot prosper Therefore we stait at
the counting room Here we find the
business manager with a number of
clerks book keepers and assistants each
with his own particular lino of work to
do Suppose we go in for the purpose of
inserting an advertisement We aie re
ferred to the ad man who asks
how much space i wanted
for what length of time and upon what
particular page for each of these con
siderations enters into the question of
price Having been informed he gives
the price We accept and hand in the
copy The copy is marked for the
foreman of the composing room telling
him how many columns it is to occupy
what length where it must be placed
and how it must be set The copy is then
turned over to the bookkeeper who en
ters it in his day book and afterward
sends it up to the composing room The
advertising man takes the paper each
day and marks with a blue pencil
those ads which are dead that
is have been printed as often as
the contract calls for and those
which are live that is to be inserted
again and sends it back to the compos
ing room so that that the makeup
may know jus what goes in the paper
He also furnishes the bookkeeper with a
sheet showing the standing of each
ad by which the latter posts his
books and makes out his bills
Perhaps though you desire to sub
scribe for the great family newspaper If
so you are turned over to the subscri
tion elerkf who takes your money ash
in advance always and your uame If
you reside in the City he takes your street
and number and sets it down together
with the length of time
for which you have paid
in a book made espre sIy fbY that pur
pose Then he makes a copy of the entry
u a slip of paper and hangsi on the
hook for the carrier upoo whose
route your residence lies Next day you
have The Gazette delivered to you iu
time for very early breakfast If you
live outof the city your posfblhce address
is noted aud a duplicate hooked for
the boy who makes up the mailing gal
leys It is printed upon the slips used in
the mailing machine and the next issue
of the paper will go to your address to be
followed by each succeeding one until the
time for which you have paid expires
when your uame will be dropped
Having transacted our business we
will now proceed if you please through
the remainder of the building First we
go up stairs turning to the left on the
lirst landing Entering the nearest door
4e find ourselves iu a small room wliicn
opens into another and that into a sec
ond and so on unto the fifth These are
the editorial rooms known in the slang
of the gang as the brainery
Here at the front end of the hall is the
office of the managing editor a neat lit
tle snuggery in which books aud papers
are piled in that disorderly order so
dear to the man who wants his effects
left strictly untouched by1 all save his own
hands Adjoining this is the office used
by the editorial writers jllero you find
all the lato exchanges piled upon the
table and a large and continually In
cieasing number of volumes in the book
cases Next comes the den of the liter
al editor followed by that of the city
and of the railroa1 editor and last that
l ° tJ
r t
he will let us know politely but firmly
and there is no danger of our interrupt
ing the work while ho is about He
wontallow it The reporters if they
are in are all busy writing up what they
have gathered the telegraph editors aie
rushing through the Associated Press
stuff and the specials which are
laid upon their tables by the telegraph
messengers The Gazette takes all the
report bent into Texas by the Associated
Press gathered by its correspondents the
world over and embracing 7000 to 8 < 00
words It also has about a00 special cor
respondents located throughout Texas
and at piominent points iu other states
The matter sent in by press and special
must all be handled condensed or
filled out as the case may be heads
written and marks put upon it denoting
the depaitment for which it is intended
It is tliHii put into a dumb waiter anil
sent to tho composing room upstairs
of the telegraph live stock and commer
cial editors
If our visit is made in tho day time we
will find these rooms almost vacant The
telegiaph editors have nothing to do un
til night when the press l sports and spe
cials begin to arrive and tin local men
are at work on tho street working up
the occurrences of the day AVe will find
the managing editor at his desk the edi
torial writers busy with lea ders and
paragraphs aud the literary editor
deep in the last new novel or the late
magazines We must not interrupt these
workers with too long a call The man
aging editor is plotting tho campaign for
tomorrows paper for the work for
each issue must be laid out
as the plans for a battle the
assistants are deep in the facts and fig
ures the premises and conclusions of
economic science literature fresh from
the press is moio interesting to thelitei
Let us hurry upstairs says the ac
commodating night editor and we will
see what becomes of the mattei just sent
up AVe do hurry and airive in the com
posing room just as the foreman takes it
from the dumb waiter Here we see
twentylive or thirty men at iw > ik in
silence nothing being hcaid but the
click click of the types against
the sticks Everybody knows how
type is set and it is done in a huge office
just as in a small one so we need no in
formation on that point
But where so much matter is set up
how is eveiyhing kept in order so that
it will appeal in its proper place you
ask It is simple enough and we will
watch the foreman to see how it is done
Tiie articles he has just received he cuts
into takes each of which he marks
with a figure and a letter For example
ary editor than the gossip of idle visitors
could possibly be All the editorial mat
ter save that upon important matter
contained in the telegraphic reports is
prepared in the day time and put iu type
early iu the night so as to be out of the
way of important news that may arrive
Suppose however we go at night
Then there is work to be sure The
whole establishment is in charge of the
night editor a lynxeyed readywitted
fellow who knows newspaper business
from the ground up aud who is
capable of being in several places at the
same time and doing half a dozen things
at once We may engage him iu con
versation for if he has any thins to do
the first will bo 1 A the second 2 A and
so to the last These takes vary in length
according to the time the copy is receiv
ed If it is early they are longer per
haps each oue will make 1000 ems they
are made shorter as the hour is later and
after la m each one will make but four
Hues After being cut and marked
they are placed on a hook from which
they are taken by the several
compositors as they finish the takes
already in hand Let us follow
oue The lirst to go is 1 A which
is ou top A compositor takes it goes
to the head letter cases and sets up
the head Hethen goes to his own
cases and sets the body of the article
When tb t is completed be carries bis
stick to tho dumping stand takes
the mattei outauil sets iu a brass galley
putttug a numbered slug at the end
to show who set it and laying by ft a
slip of paper upon winelid marked 1 A
The man witli 2 A will e his mattei just
below jt and this willfie continued by
those who have A matter until lhe
aiticleis finished or < lfl galleyvfllled
when it will be proved by the galley
boy the proof iead aud marked aud
the matter carried to each Oinfwsitor
who has made two errors sthat he may
correct them
If you will stop aud coiisider hf fact
that each letter each punctuationmark
aud each space used iu a newspaper must
be huudled separately jou willf see that
the work of typesetting is one that niiJSt
be done with great skill Let us take the
Suuday edition of The Gazette There
you have eightyfour columns of matUer
each column of which contains about
8000 different pieces of type metal or
072000 pieces in all And yet somt peo
ple complain of typographical errors and
smart tcporters call the composing loom
the butchery The wonder is there
are not more mistakes
Well when the proof has been read
and the galey corrected it is carried to
the man who makes up the forms Hero
we find a brass table built on a stand
which moves on wheels This is an
imposing table and has a steel chase
upon it just the size of one pago of tho
paper Suppose the articlo of which we
are keeping track is an important one
and is intended for the first page of tho
paper The makeup has the head
of the paper the dateline and the
lirst page advertisements placed in posi
tion inside this chase As fast as he gets
matter for the lirst page he puts it in tho
chase until finally it is full lie then
locks it up that is tightens it with
screws in the sides of the chase so that
eery piece of type will be held in its
place When this is done the tabic with
the form on it is wheeled upon tho
elevator aud carried down to the
STEnnorvri noon
Be it known that The 5ette is not
printed from type but from a counter
feit presentment made right here in the
building And in the work of making a
newspaper there is nothing of more in
terest than the making of the stereotype
plates upon which the printing is done
As soon as the form which we have
seen made up reaches the stereotype
room the table is seized by the stereo
typer and his assistants and whisked off
rn t o <
I ggj Kali way
tLll 1W1M I u i
the full front page of The Gazette each
letter cut sharp and clearintothematrix
The stereotype trims the edges of the
matrix with a pair of heavy shears and
thou arranges it iuside the casting
box a machine which resembles half a
cylinder fixed in a heavy iron frame
When the matrix lias been put iu and
fastened in place by steel rods on the
sides tho casting box is closed up by a
large half cylindrical shaped piece of
casting which tits into it leaving a space
of about an eighth of an inch between
the face of the matrix aud its own
surface Standing near is a caul
dron filled with stereotype metal
in a molten state A large ladle
with two handles is dipped up full by the
stereotyper and his assistant and the
liquid metal poured in the casting box on
top of the matrix It takes it a moment
ouly to harden and then the box is
opened and the workmen using thick
glottis to protect their hands take ont the
cast with the matrix sticking to it The
matrix comes off without trouble and
there in tho form of a half cylinder you
have a perfect counterfeit of the form
brought down from tho composing room
with everjletter every comma every
figure perfect The type has been sent
back to the composing room by means of
tho elevator and the plate after being
properly trimmed is sent down to the
press room The making of this plate
from the timo the form came down until
tho plate itself is sent out completed
has occupied just eleven minutes includ
ing the six it took tho matrix to dry in
the steam table
But there is one other department
which we must investigate before the pa
per goes to press It is that in which tho
pictures used to illustrate The Gazette
are made As tiie artist keeps his work
a dead secret we must investigate
his den in his absence and late at night
is the best time to do it So hero wo go
The illustrations in Tun Gazette are
engraved on what are called chalk
plates These plates are made of steel
about an eighth of an inch thick aud are
coated with a plaster composition another
eighth of an inch thick This plaster has
the property of adhering closely to the
smooth surface of the plate is very soft
and easily cut through but does not
chip off during the process of cutting
The artist first makes ou paper an outline
drawing of the subject ho wishes to pro
duce This is then traced on the chalk
The lines traced are cut with a
graver through the chalk
ul iJ J J
AS i = s
ih 4J t =
the elevator One of them seizes a
wrench and loosens the screws iu the
chase while the other grasps a mallet
and planer AVhen the form is
loosened sufficiently it is planed
down that is a block of wood with a
smooth surface is run over it and
at the same time pounded with a
mallet until no jiiece of type stands
higher than its fellows After the
planing process the form is again
tightly locked A brush is then
worked over the face of the type
to clean it and some sort of
preparation put upon it to keep
the matrix from adhering The
sterectyper then takes what looks like a
piece of thin paste board thoroughly
wet and a little larger than one page of
The Gazette It is made of alternate
layers of papier mache and tissue paper
glued together They are kept damp
and are perfectly soft and pliable This
is spread smoothly over the face of the
type Then the stereotyper and his as
sistant each takes a large flat brush
maceof heavy bristles and witli steady
downright blows pounds upon the
surface of the1 papier mache The
bristles are set so close together in these
brushes that the beating makes a
noise like poundingwitli a mallet They
drive the softpapier mache down into the
open spaces in anil between the letters
untiljdip impress of everypointis made
in its pliantsurface Two > or thiee
pieces of blanket just largo enough to
cover the form are taken from a wire
overhead and spread over the form The
form with papier mache and blankets
is then pushedou to a large table with a
smooth surface and having upon it what
looks like a large letterpress The form
is slid under the press which is screwed
down upon it with all the strength of two
ablebodied men This is a steam
ft able That is to sa y it is hollow ancf
pipes from the boiler down stairs carry
steam Into it rendering it so hot that tho
soft wet papier mache is in six minutes
made perfectly dry and hard At the
end of six minutes the press is unscrewed
the form slipped from under it the
blankets removed and the matrix takeu
off dry and bard aud pieicutiaz to yiew
till the point of the tool scrapes against
the plate below These gravers
range from one that will make a lino as
fine as a hair up to one an eighth of an
inch in width After the outlines are
cut all the shading and detail is finished
in the same manner directly on the
chalk without first drawing on paperT1
The artist having conipleted this part ot
the work the plate is turned over to the
stereotyper who places it A between
the bearings C and D of the
casting box shown in Figure 2
The space between the bottom of the box
< B and the top of thabearings D and C
are just the height of a type thus mak
ing the cast when finished tha same
height Tho lid E is then thrown up
aud clamped as shown iu Figi 3 and hot
type metal poured in on top of the plate
After this has cooled it is taken out and
the plate removed from the metal when
it i found that every place that the artlis
V J i

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